a u.k. judge rules the death of a former russian spy was probably approved by the kremlin hello again, i'm martine dennis live in doha. also to come in the programme - on trial, a rebel commander accused of a massacre in uganda, while a tortured community waits to see if he's held responsible anger in tunisia over a shortage of jobs, pitting protesters against the police. pregnant women treated in
chairs in hospitals as a heath crisis worsens in brazil. first, the result of a british inquiry into the radioactive poisoning of a former russian spy alexander litvinenko have been released. within the last hour or so the judge said the russian president himself, vladimir putin, probably approved the killing of alexander litvinenko. the judge also said that two russian men, andrei lugovoy, and dmitri kovtun killed the former spy on t orders of russia. the chairman of the inquire your, sir robert owen made this title. >> i am sure that mr andrei lugovoy and mr dmitri kovtun placed the plutonium 210 into the teapot at the bar, and did so within the intention of
poisoning mr alexander litvinenko. i am also sure that the two men made the earlier attempt to poison mr alexander litvinenko, also using paul ownium -- pull ownium 210 at a meeting on 16 october 2006. i am sure that mr andrei lugovoy and mr dmitri kovtun knew that they were using a deadly poison, and that they intended to kill mr alexander litvinenko well, we'll go to rory challands, our correspondent in the moscow in a little while. let's get the latest from neave barker who is in london. this is an incident that occurred 10 years ago what, do we know now that we didn't know before. >> the inquiry led us to the doors where it didn't before.
in respect to that. andrei lugovoy and dmitri kovtun, the two former agents should be seen as implicated and responsible for the poisoning with plutonium 210. but the biggest surprise finding is the believe that vladimir putin, the russian president himself, along with nikolai patrushev, the head of the security service, the f.s.b. may be possible for sanctioning the report. the report goes into details about the relationship between alexander litvinenko and vladimir putin. there's thought to be an antagonism between the two men, dating back to 1998, their only meeting. >> alexander litvinenko was
accused of paedophilia. there's suggestion that anyone that spoke out against the russian apartment bombings ended up dead. alexander litvinenko was one of them. it's been a long road for alexander litvinenko's family, earlier on, marino, who fought long and hard had this to say. >> i'm pleased that the words my husband on his death bed, when he accused vladimir putin have been proved through the english court. i'm calling for the imposition of targeted economic sanctions against named individuals, including mr nikolai patrushev and vladimir putin. >> and so that was marina alexander litvinenko. she has been waging a lowly battle, hasn't she,to try to
find out what happened and who was behind it. has she the answers that she was looking for? she said she was hep with the findings. no one went to trial over the killing of her husbands even though andrei lugovoy and prop dmitri kovtun have been charged by u.k. police, and extraditions. the process is slim indeed. the british government could push for punitive women. this comes at a challenging time, a time in which western powers need vladimir putin on side when it comes to deal with i.s.i.l. thank you very much. neave barker in london. rory challands is in the russian
capital moscow. has there been reaction from any of those involved. there certainly has, there has been a wealth of reaction from people. i have not seen gig that relates to vladimir putin, that the russian president might be involved in the death of alexander litvinenko. we heard from the two men at the heart of the place, andrei lugovoy, and dmitri kovtun. he has been brief. he said he had nos comment. he needs a look through the report. andrei lugovoy has been more verbose saying it's nonsense, absurd and once against shows russia's anti-muslim position, and looks like london's pathetic attempt to use a skeleton in the closet. >> the politicize eyeings is something that the russian
government has been hammering home too. this is what the ministry of foreign affairs spokesperson. she said that moscow had no expectation that london's report would all of a sudden become impartial, and after analysing the document, we'll issue our own detailed review. there has been a couple of unnamed sources that have not revealed who they are, and as to whether it will lead to action within the russian legal system. this sources whether russia has plans on prosecuting in any way the two men, and it's essentially rejecteds the outcome of the british inquiry. >> thank you for that rory challands live in moscow now to tunisia, where angry young people who are demanding jobs call for protests.
they have been protesting on the streets over the last 24 hours or so, and are accusing the government of turning its back on a region hit by poverty and unemployment. police have been killed in some of the demonstrations in the west of the country, hashem ahelbarra joins us live from there now. what is the situation there now, we understand that the government offer to create jobs has not been effective. the young people are angry. >> they are, they don't seem impressed by the measures taken by the government. they say there's promises, but the government has never been genuine about implementing programs. hundreds of protesters are starting to converge in the main street, and also hundreds converging on the gr government.
i was there talking to people, and one climbed the roof of a building, threatening to commit suicide. tension is mounting. despite the promises and decisions by the government. people seem to have lost faith in the government security forces trying to break up an angry crowd. firing tear gas and water cannon to pave the way for the police to advance. but the protesters ran through alleyways, regrouped and staged a comeback. thousands of young people, mostly unemployed will say they have been marginalized by the government. >> this is, of course the government. they do nothing but take the money. >> translation: we have nothing. completely abandoned. we have people graduating six years ago but never found a job. we are denied basic rights.
>> reporter: discontent is the simmering. anti-government sentiment is on the rise. local people accuse the government of favouring rich coastal areas. at the & pans of regions in the south. this is a delicate moment for the government which opposed austerity because of the declining economy. at the same time as you can see, there are thousands here and across the country asking for solutions for poverty and unemployment. as violence continues, the government tries to diffuse tension. this angry crowd hits back shouting we need acts, not words. >> i have met with representatives of the protesters, we gave them guarantees, and they were convinced. unfortunately there's a minority on the streets causing violence. >> this is the worst crisis facing the government in months,
there are signs protests may spread across the country. a critical moment for security forces who, not far from here face a major threat. they are on the offensive hunting armed groups in the mountains . >> hash rsh, this does, as -- hashem ahelbarra, this does, as you outlined, it was this issue of poverty and unemployment that sparked the revolution only five years ago. exactly. the same mood is here. people say that. we took to the streets in 2010 hoping for a better life once autocracy is evicted from power. what happens is a replication of the same scenario. governments came in, our hopes
were dashed by neglect, marginalization and discrimination. be hoped to have revenues, but the tourism industry was hit by a series of attacks, targetting foreign tourists. there's a military operation under way as we speak. some are affiliated with al qaeda. and the government does not really have revenues to spend on development programme. people will not wait long. we need the demands met. we are hopeful many will follow suite, and start washing towards
thousands of unemployed tunisian. >> thank you very much. live there from western tunisia. >> the first of five former commanders is appearing before the international criminal court. judges have to decide whether there's enough evidence for dominik ongwen to stand trial for war crimes. in northern uganda is where our correspondent has been, speaking to some victims. here is malcolm webb's report. >> geraldina's second was shot dead as she ran for her life, in may 2004. it was a crowded camp for displaced people at the time. rebel fighters from the lords resistance army attacked. she said a bullet entered one side of her cheek, blowing out the other side of her jaw. she has to eat by sucking her food ever since.
>> translation: ongwen and his soldiers killed the people. i was a victim. i want him to be given a death sentence. >> dominik ongwen was brought to the international court a year ago after his surrender in the central african republic. the rebellion started three decades before. many in northern uganda say it was in response to atrocities by the government forces. the rebels turned against the people they claimed to representatives, abducting tens of thousands of children forcing them to become fighters, porters and sex slaves. thousands were forced into camps, gladys was in a camp at the time they were attacked. survivors say the rebels kale -- came from this direction, setting them on fire, abducting some, killing others. there's a memorial to those that died and the prosecutor said
dominik ongwen ordered the attack. >> an hour's drive away we met one of the wives, and the children. the family lived here until he was 14 and shouldn't stand trial because he was an ducted on his way home from school. his wife says she was abduct by the l.r.a. aged 9 and then married. >> the two people i want to see before the i.c.c. is the l.r.a. leader joseph kony because he leader joseph kony because he created the group and the president of uganda. they failed to protect us. my parents were killed. dominik's parents were killed. for many, justice has been slow. if not absent. victims ask why only the l.r.a. is being prosecuted. and why not the government. the challenge with the i.c.c., they cannot prosecute primes -- crimes retrospectively. they only look at crimes after 2002. that's where the challenge has been in prosecuting other
actors. that there's interest in the pending trial because of what happened. the court is due to decide if there's enough evidence. for the trial to go ahead. still to come here on al jazeera - the iranian president lobbies for free and fair parliamentary elections. the moderate and reformist candidates have been disqualified.
hello, let's look at the top stories on al jazeera. a british judge said the russian president probably ordered the killing of alexander litvinenko. the judge said two russian men poisoned the former spy on the orders of moscow angry young people in tunisia calling for jobs are calling for protests. a western region hit by poverty and unemployment. >> the first of five former commanders in uganda is br before the international interesting court. judges will decide whether there's enough evidence of the lords resistance army to stand trial for war crimes. >> let's talk about the findings into the poisoning of former russians alexander litvinenko. now, dmitri is a political analyst and writer and joins us
on the live from moscow, first of all, your reaction, and whether this will make a difference, the fact that a judge in a london inquiry pointed the figure to the kremlin, and vladimir putin himself? >> i think he will worsten relations between ukraine and cusha, i don't think many will be impressed by the report, because some of the findings are laughable. you know, to accuse putin of paedophilia and say that vladimir putin decided to kill alexander litvinenko because he thought he was a paedophile is not serious. hundreds of thousands in russia and abroad accuse vladimir putin of all sorts of crime. but these people are not taken seriously, but it's strange there is an exception made for alexander litvinenko. and for the judge.
>> i hear what you are saying when you suggest that there was outlandish claims in the findings, but my question to you now is given that this does mark a low point in terms of relations between the two countries, do either have the appetite to take it further given the fact that they are rather engaged together and collaborating on the issue of syria. >> not on russia's side, for sure. the statements from the kremlin and military is mild. they said when the inquiry was changed into a public inaniy, whose findings were made secret,
these did not add to the trustworthiness of the report. there's no happ tight. >> sorry to jump in, there are serious issues at play, there are issues of british national sovereignty, and there's issues of state sponsored violence, and that is the using implicit in the finding. is this something that will go away because of cooperation between the two? >> it is strange that the british inquiry, when they investigated the affair did not reveal immediately that alexander litvinenko worked for the british intelligence, and the spanish intelligence. someone that works for three at a time, faces dangers. that has been the rule for
hundreds, thousands of years, the russian position is to regard the affair as political. unfortunately, the whole affair has been politicized and unreliable sources. the media - it forgets to mention it was one of the men. a person surrounding, and he was called an unreliable witness. >> indeed. i'll have to end it there. thank you very much. >> thank you, bye-bye now, the refugee crisis in europe is one of the focal points on day 2 of the world
economic forum. the german president hinted at a shift in the open dur policy, and told an audience that limiting refugee numbers may be necessary. others have been pressed for more concrete action to solve the crisis. the. >> we need extensive solution, what we do. otherwise we taste terrible economic and all the other problems. >> now, police in turkey and germany say they have broken up a refugee smuggling wing, 30 arrests were made in turkey during raids in several cities. >> the operation was made in ghost ship vessels. >> human rights groups condemn the killing of staff at a popular station as an attack on
the freedom of speech. the minister visited some in kabul. several were killed when a bus taking tv employees home was hit iran's constitutional watchdog has disqualified most not raid candidates from running. some say this could affect fears that the recent nuclear deal about are will give a boost to the moderate president. iran's parliamentary elections are due for 26 february. 285 seats are up for grabs. overseeing who stands is the guardian council, historically dominated by one group. moderate and reformist candidates have been hit the most. 30 of 3,000 that applied have been given the green light to run.
president hassan rouhani says the council's decisions are illegal, and it's for the government to decide who stands. >> loouchyano is a reference coordinator at qatar and says it's about a long-running fight for power between the two factions. . >> parliament has the conservatives, and it's not going to change the composition. most of the reforms were disqualified. what happened in 2012 and 2008. even though now it's taken by the conservatives, it brings the implementation of the bill. it shows that although the government decided to sign the deal, there are still struggles for power. the headline conservative moderates. they are fighting for more power. >> a second person in less than
a week fell ill from the ebola virus in sierra leone. the 38-year-old woman is related to another person na died last week. seer have was declared free from the violence two months ago. >> doctors in brazil declared an emergency because of the zika violence. it's adding to the work of other hospitals in the states. lucia newman reports on how critically ill patients are turned away because of a lack of beds and equipment. >> reporter: this woman has been pacing up and down for four hours, bleeding from an apparent miscarriage. >> we are human being, not dogs. i'm here, waiting. i'm told there is no time to see the doctor. >> she is not alone, the
entrants and waiting room to the clinic are full of women in labour, yet to be admitted. >> i'm here with my daughter, there's no space available. i'm terrified. can you see her there. she's suffering to give birth. what can we do. we have to go from one hospital to another by bus. >> reporter: we are told upstairs women in labour are undergoing cervical examination in chairs, because there's not enough beds. or equipment. or doctors to cope with demand. a wing of another hospital looks like it was in a war zone, patients packed into core divor doors -- corridors. many are forced to wait for a week. all over public hospitals and clinics are collapsing due to lack of funds. what you see here is result of ms management and accumulation of debts on municipal and state levels, commanded by the worst
economic crisis. a crisis impacting not only the public health sector, but in brazil's largest states. a public health emergency has been declared in rio, where the state ran out of money to pay for doctors and nurses. and an epidemic of a dangerous mosquito born virus called zika prompted authorities to declare a public health emergency which, in fact, already existed. >> there are doctors. the statements ired them. there are rooma and resources. people need to protest. >> given the need to slash spending in the midst of an economic recession. the federal government argues it could only provide emergency funding to the state to alleviate the crisis. >> back at the maternity ward, they can take no more. others in less pain do their
best to comfort her. shaking themselves as they yell for a doctor who doesn't arrive and find out more about the crisis afflicting brazil at the moment on the al jazeera website. >> i'm david schuster in for ali velshi. prisoner swap between united states and iran. the new year has delivered a new dawn to the historically tense relationship between the united states and iran. over the weekend the united nations confirmed that iran is implementing its end of an agreement concluded last summer with the united states and six other world powey