♪ alexander litvinenko's widow urges britain to impose sanctions on russia, after an inquiry concluded that vladimir putin probably ordered the former spy's murder. ♪ hello there, i'm felicity barr. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, the child soldier turned uganda rebel commander appears before the international criminal court. a police officer is killed in tunisia, as protests over mass unemployment spread. and reading between the lines, the new book which unravels the deceit surrounding
hitler's nazis, and their theft of art from jewish collectors. ♪ hello, an official inquiry into the death of former kgb agent, alexander litvinenko in london has concluded his death was probably approved by the russian president, vladimir putin. he was an outspoken critic of putin. he died after drinking tea laced with polonium 210. the successor to the kgb spy agency directed the killing and putin is likely to have signed off on it. two agents carried out the poisoning. the u.k. has summoned russia's ambassador in london after the
kremlin has refused to extradite the two suspects. >> reporter: the long awaited murder inquiry has lead investigators right to the very doors of the kremlin. they say the russian president, vladimir putin probably approved of alexander litvinenko's murder because of a long personal feud. the chairman also implicated the head of the fsb, calling the killing a state-sponsored assassination. >> there is a strong probability that when mr. lugovoy poisoned mr. litvinenko, he did so under the direction of the fsb, the federal security service of the russian federation. >> reporter: the report reiterates the earlier belief that these former russian agents poisoned alexander litvinenko
with radioactive polonium 210 at this london hotel. and the report also says this was their second murder attempt. both deny the accusations. and here is how the russian foreign ministry responded. >> translator: there was only one aim, and it was clear from the beginning, to demonize russia and itself leadership. this specific kind of investigation has not been transparent. >> reporter: alexander litvinenko's wife and son say they are happy with the findings, and are urging the british government to punish russia with sanctions. >> translator: i'm calling immediately for the exclusion from the u.k. of all russian intelligence operatives. i'm also calling for the imposition of targeted sanctions and travel bans against named individuals, including
mr. [ inaudible ], and mr. putin. >> reporter: the british government says it will freeze the assets of those suspected of the killing. >> the conclusion that the russian state was probably involved in the murder of mr. litvinenko is deeply disturbing. >> reporter: it was a murder straight out of a cold war spy novel. the former russian agent, alexander litvinenko has defected to the west becoming a british citizen, only to be hunted down and poisoned on british soil. the new report shows there was personal antagonism between litvinenko and putin. he had made repeated attacks on putin, even accusing him on pedophilia. with putins cooperate needed when it comes to defeating isil this syria, a full flown diplomatic row is the last thing the government wants. one of the men accused of
poisoning litvinenko is andray lugovoy, and this was his reaction after the results were announced. >> translator: there was no public inquiry as such. everything that the british media said referring to an open and public hearing is an outrageous lie, and i can't find any other words to describe it. >> rory challands is in moscow with the latest. >> reporter: well, the foreign ministry is saying that this is going to have some sort of impact on the bilateral relations between the united kingdom and russia. an unnamed source was speaking in the media earlier in the day saying something similar. the russians are basically warning the brits this is not going to go unanswered. but as to whether there will be in any kind of accomodation for what this inquiry has pointed
to, i.e., are the two men at the heart of this, andre lugovoy, and demitra ry going to face prosecution, i can't see a chance of that happening. lugovoy is a member of the russian parliament, and the russians have said there is going to be no extradition or internal prosecution of either of these two men. ♪ there's been a bomb attack in the somali capitol, the beach view restaurant was reportedly the object of that attack. that story is developing, and we'll bring you more on it as get it. the international criminal court is determining whether there is enough evidence for former uganda rebel commander to
stand trial for crimes against humanity relating to a massacre in northern yuganda. malcolm webb spoke to community members who gathered to watch the court proceedings. >> reporter: dozens of people have gathered here because of the massacre that happened here in 2004, which dominic is being charged with ordering. people are watching proceedings on a tv, and there is an official here answering questions. one of the limiting factors, though, is the proceedings are broadcast in english, and most of the people here don't speak english, because their education was interrupted by the war. so they are not getting to fully understand what is going on until they get snippets of translations at the end of each
section. but they say this community really suffered because of his actions and they want to see him stand trial. this woman's eight-year-old grandson was shot dead as she ran for her life. at the time this was a crowded camp for displaced people. rebel fighters from the lord's resistance army attacked. she says a bullet entered one of her cheeks and blew off the other side of her jaw. she has had to eat by sucking her food ever since. >> reporter: he and his soldiers killed the people here, and i was one of his victims. i want him to be given a death sentence. if he ever comes back, he will kill us all. >> reporter: he had been an nra commander since the 1990s. he was brought to the international criminal court a year ago just after his surrender in the central african republic. the rebelian started three
decades before, many say it was in response to atrocities committed by government forces. but the rebels turned against the people they claimed to represent, abducting tens of thousands of children forcing them to become fighters, porters, and sex slaves. the government forced the population into camps. thousands died of disease. gladys was in a camp when the nra attacked. at the time this whole area was full of huts, and survivors say the rebels came from this direction, setting them on fire, abducting some and killing others. there is a memorial here, and the icc prosecutor says dominic ordered the attack. an hour's drive away we met one of his wives and children. his family says healeyed here until he was 14 and shouldn't stand trial because he was abducted by the nra on his way home from school. his wife also say she was abducted by the nra, age just 9, and then married to dominic.
>> translator: i want to see the leader because he created the group and the president of uganda because he failed to protect us. my parents and dominic's parents were killed. >> reporter: for many justice has been slow if not absent. >> victims keep asking why only the nra is being prosecuted? and why not the government? the major challenge with the icc, they cannot prosecute crimes retrospectively. so they only look at crimes that occurred after 2002, and that is where the challenge has been in prosecuting other actors. >> reporter: but there's interest in the pending trial because of what happened here. the courts now due to decide if there's enough evidence for the trial to go ahead. malcolm webb, al jazeera, uganda. thousands of protesters who took to the streets of tunisia on wednesday are calling for further dem nations. they are accusing the government
of turning its back on a region hit by poverty and unemployment. one policeman died after his car was overturned during the protests, which have now spread to several cities. hashem ahelbarra spent this update nch >> reporter: the message by the government were dismissed by people here who say they want genuine deep reforms implemented, not just quick fixes like saying the government is ready to offer 5,000 job opportunities for the people here. tension is mounting and hundreds of people are converging on the main streets. it seems that this anti-government movement is building up across the country. we have seen some rallies in support for the people in tunisia, and also in other cities. people have said that they took to the streets in 2010 hoping for democracy and better life. they are seeing some sense of
democratic reforms, but their living conditions have not changed. this is why they are taking to the streets, and they say they will continue their fight until their demands are met. an al jazeera news team have gone missing in ta'izz has they covered events in that besieged city. they were last seen on monday evening. they are believed to have been kidnapped. al jazeera is calling for their immediate release. still to come on the program, how hundreds and thousands of syrians who fled to lebanon are struggling to make a living. and cracking down on slackers. italy's prime minister unveils new rules to sack public sector her kers within two days. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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>> we've got global news covered. hello again, a reminder of any top stories on al jazeera, the british inquiry into the poisoning of litvinenko has concluded that vladimir putin probably approved his murder. there has been an bomb attack on in mogadishu. and the international criminal court is determining whether there is enough evidence for child soldier dominic ongwen
to stand trial for war crimes. there has been civilians silled in syria. the situation in syria, isil, and the refugee crisis are among issues dominating at the world economic forum in davos. the turkish prime minister has been speaking and strongly criticized russian air strikes in syria. >> for refugees we have open-door policy, and that is our historic tradition, and until now we never stop any refugees to come in turkey. regarding terrorists we are fighting against them, and the moderate opposition is fighting against daesh, but unfortunately, the -- the opposition, who was fighting against daesh is being attacked by russian airplanes and by the
regime, so all of us we have to fight against terrorism, and against all oppressors killing civilians in syria. nearly 400,000 syrians who fled to lebanon are struggling to make a living. the infrastructure is crushing under the pressure of the rising number of people. al jazeera's caroline malone reports from northern lebanon. >> reporter: this is a 15-year-old refugees. she works in the fields in lebanon near the syrian border, earning just $10 a week. >> translator: i was in school in syria, and now i have to work, because there is no one to take care of us. we don't know what happened to my father in syria. >> reporter: there are many syrians working in lebanon, some taking lebanese jobs. >> translator: before the crisis in syria, there were lebanese and syrians working here, but after the crisis started, the number of syrians increased, and
they work for less, this put pressure on the lebanese. >> reporter: there are 800,000 lebanese living in north lebanon. there have always been some seasonal syrian workers here, but now 400,000 syrians have moved here too. >> translator: we have here large syrian population, which puts huge pressure on the area. this is already an area that is neglected. we have to put up with them. >> reporter: the lebanese host communities now share their limited space. many of the syrian refugee camps are set up on land in villages such as this one. but there are pressure on the infrastructure. syrians don't and often can't afford to pay taxes or contribute to the cost of running the region. >> translator: lebanese want to help, but many here don't have the means to put food on table.
but that's only up to the point. as you see here, people are trying to cover their own costs to solve his own problems. >> reporter: there is support from the international community through the u.n. new development projects may provide a lasting solution to the pressures. until then they are having to balance the pressure of having a large and desperate group of syrians on their doorstep. a new law which would allow authorities to confiscate money from refugees and asylum speakers have been debated by danish mp's. the measures have been strongly criticized by the u.n. and amnesty international. mp's are due to vote on tuesday on the planned changes. now in a significant tep for the columbian peace process, the government has released some of its imprisoned farc fighters.
the president previously announced he would pardon 30 from farc. they have been convicted of non-violent crimes including illegally possessing firearms. this came a day after the government announced a mission to observe a ceasefire. and the health ministry says a moss tico virus has infected more than 13.5 thousand people in columbia. at least 560 of those are said to be pregnant women. the virus is linked to a condition which causing babies to be born with abnormally small heads. last week the u.s. center for disease control warned pregnant women against travelling to brazil where the virus is spreading. >> translator: out of the 3,893 total number of cases, we have
already confirmed 224 cases that showed typical abnormalities, they are those that strongly suggest infection by the virus during pregnancy. military commanders in pakistan say they have sufficient leads to identify the gunmen who attacked a university on wednesday. pakistan has been holding a national day of mourning for the attack, which killed 21, including two professors. kamal hyder has more. >> reporter: if you ask the common citizens of this country, whether they feel safe or not, they will tell you a big no. and that is primarily because the security is always provided to the politicians and the country's leadership. the people of this country are vulnerable, the educational institutions are vulnerable, and despite tall claims from the government that they have been able to enforce strict security, you can see the evidence that
the attackers were able to pick out these soft targets. >> every day being a parent, i am worried and concerned about my own kids when they are going to school, and i am always looking towards my phone when there will be a call, god forbid, bad news from the school. >> translator: in pakistan, it's the education institutions are not secure then where should we go for our education? there is no security despite the government announcing a national action plan to eliminate these terrorists, but still no one feels safe. >> reporter: it is virtually impossible to be able to give security to the level that is required. the big problem also emanates from the fact that the fighters are now finding a sanctuary across the border in this afghanistan from where they can operate with impunity. they have logistic call and economic support, and above all, they also have local support within this province and across the country, where they have
facilitators. pakistan's intelligence agencies and the military spokesmen is saying that they have credible information they were able to monitor the telephone calls of these attackers, and they were all traced to afghanistan. thousands of protesters have rallied outside of moldova's parliament demanding a snap election. a member of the proeuropean coalition is the new prime minister. he had been chosen by the president as a compromise. italy's prime minister is cracking down on corruption. those found guilty of avoiding work will face immediate dismissal. recent investigations have highlighted instephenses where workers were clocking into work,
and then leaving to go about their private business. italy has a notoriously inefficient public sector. and that crackdown comes as a film about a middle age's italian slacker has become a massive hit in italy. where am i going, has been more popular than "star wars." it set a new italian box office record, taking $63 million in just a few weeks. smoking an e-cigarette in malaysia may soon be illegal. shop owners who sell vapes are worried they will soon be put out of business. >> reporter: it's a smoking alternative that is marketed as a healthier way to give up the habit. but e-cigarettes or vapes are creating a health controversy
across malaysia. many are asking whether it's a safer way to smoke or knot. and what are the long term health implications. this man opened his vape store five months ago, and business is booming. all of his customers have given up tar-based cigarettes, and now vape. while l seing the liquid nicotine is not illegal, he is concerned about the future. >> all of the vaping retailers they are getting scares, because thigh don't know what will happen in the future, if it will be banned or not. so some of them start to sell it -- the product -- below market price. >> reporter: the liquid is cheaper to buy. and according to customers it lasts longer when the small nicotine tanks are refilled with a variety of flavors. >> i will definitely stop smoking, and keep on vaping, and maybe i'll go underground. >> reporter: vaping is not safe according to several states
across malaysia. some states have yet to make their decision and are conducting forums between health officials and the vaping industry to discuss these concerns. this is a closed-door session. the media have not been invited. it allows all of the parties to have a free and frank discussion. the state here and the government itself are expected to make their final decisions very soon. others continue to voice their concern. a group of over 40, consisting mainly of medical institutions have written to the government pushing for ban or tougher regulation. >> you need the scientific knowledge, the scientific data over a period of time, but then that needs to translate to actually convincing policy makers that something needs to be done, and that will take a long time. and that is a process that is evolving, and there's no fixed time scale to that. >> reporter: this is one of a
quarter million vapors across the country. the vaping industry is worth $125 million, the second largest after the usa. the government says it will decide soon whether to regulate the industry or extinguish it all together. israel has confirmed it plans to seize an area of fertile land in the occupied west bank. the area covers 154 hectares. the move is likely to exacerbate tensions with the west, and has already drawn condemnation. ban ki-moon says the settlement expansion is a violation of international law. palestinians says it is an aggressive action which destroys the possibility of a two-state solution. hundreds of lost works of art were found in the apartment of a german man a few years ago.
the parents had been taken by jewish art collectors by the nazis. the families could now get the paintings back. >> reporter: investigators find 1280 works of art, 121 still in their frames, the rest stuffed into cabinet drawers. >> translator: when you are standing in front of these works, which for a long time were believed to have disappeared or been destroyed, it is an incredibly feeling of joy. some of them are dirty, but not damaged. >> reporter: historians consider this to be the greatest find of art stolen by the nazis since the end of the second word war in europe in 1945. >> the people who deal in this find of art they will all be fighting each other like ferrets in a sack.
partly to get their hands on them to sell them, and others just to protect their own interests in case there is a glut of a particular artist. >> reporter: the haul was pulled together be this man's father, a museum curator, and one of hitler's art dealers. under hitler, jewish collectors were forced to sell their art at low prices or abandon their art when fleeing the nazis. now all of these years later, the relatives of those forced to escape or who perished at the hands of the nazis, wan their heirlooms back, but proving ownership after 70 years well nigh impossible. >> we asked them to prove the art had been owned by their family. they may have difficulty in doing that, we can help them, because they may not have the original records. >> reporter: in his will this man left his estate to a museum in switzerland. in his one and only interview, he is quoted as saying, that
losing his paintings was worse than when his mother and father died. and he considered helms to be a steward for their safekeeping. there is plenty more on our website, the address as ever is aljazeera.com. aljazeera.com. ♪ i think he's sick. i think he's a sociopath. i think he's a serial rapist. >> reporter: a former oklahoma city police officer is set to be sentenced any moment now for assaulting women while on duty. u.s. markets now trying to pull themselves out of the red. nearly 50 million people on the path of this major winter storm. and detroit public schools