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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 22, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EST

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at least 22 people are killed on a popular at a popular restaurant in mogadishu. al-shabab have claimed responsibility. also ahead on the program we will take a closer look at what is driving the uth of tunisia back-- youth of tunisia back onto the streets to protest. myanmar frees political prisoners days before the new government takes office. there's new hope for children with autism in south africa
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as many as 22 people have been have been
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>> reporter: shooting at customers. a well-planned attack from an organization which the authorities in somalia and kenya had thought to be struggling and on the defensive. >> unfortunately, security services, even in the west, seemed to really understate the threat of groups such as al-shabab. they've been very good at planning operations, even outside somalia. >> reporter: al-shabab said 100 ken i can't answer were killed in a previous attack. in april last year they killed 147 people on attack on a university in kenya. in september tember
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al-shabab has reluctantly let go of some of the territories. that is in keep of keeping territories, exacting taxes from people, providing law and order and services, they're capable of doing what they're doing. they want a largely group and now they are an insurgency. they do not need capacity to do this damage. they have now converted all
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their efforts and resources and man power in doing what they're doing right now how do they arm themselves? before they had control of some of the sea ports, but now they don't. so where do they get their weapons from? >> reporter: despite losing some of the see ports, if you realise, if you recognise that they took some arms from ugandans as well as the barundian, that is sufficient to take them through. still some of the borders or some of the countries that are surrounding somalia, despite sew mall dwra having an appearances embargo, it is easy to get the weapons that they use now to exact some of the damagess that they're doing over the last few months now we appreciate your expertise. thank you very much. friday is a deadline for the formation of a transitional unity government in south sudan. the president and his rival
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rebel leader signed a peace deal in august, but they have been clashing about how to share power. south sudan has been unstable since december 2013 when he was accused of trying to be removed. >> the security arrangements up to now, the security arrangements are not in place. there is no assembly areas up to this moment. there are no containment areas. on the other hand, they did not send in the forces which are supposed to be here in juba. they have not sent the presidential guards of 350 so that they are trained north korea has detained a u.s. student for committing a so-called hostile act and wanting to destroy the country's unity. he is the third western citizen known to be held in the isolated state. let's speak to harry faucet who is in seoul. what more do we know about this? >> reporter: we know what the
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north korea state media kcna has said and also the cooperation that has come from the agency based in china that apparently was running the tour on which this young man was visiting north korea. firstly, kcna the northmead i can't said that he was detained for committing so-called hostile acts against the state and also that those acts were tolerated and manipulated by the u.s. government. as well as that, kcna has said that this man was otto frederick warmbeyer. they say he say student from university of virginia. pioneer tours has confirmed that this man was arrested on january 2. they say that they are acting very closely with the u.s. state department. they're in touch with the swedish embassy in pyongyang
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which looks after interests there trying to secure his release as soon as possible on another north korea issue, south korea saying it's time for nuclear discussions, but those which should exclude north korea. how will that go down? >> reporter: that's right. north korea is coming under as much pressure as they can bring to bear by south korea and its allies, the u.s. moat notably. this latest plan from the south korean president park geun-hye is to have discussions with the five members. it was six party members to destabilize. park geun-hye is saying the other nations china, u.s., japan and south korea and russia should get together to discuss what they can do to bring more pressure on pyongyang. as well as that there is pressure coming from south korea and u.s. on china.
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they want to see beijing make good on its words on opposition to the program by supporting much tougher sanctions that have been secured before at the united nations security council. a senior u.s. diplomat was here and said if china weren't to do that, then the kind of actions that south korea and u.s. might have to take, although not targeted at china, might upset china. they might not like them, the hit being that both the south koreans and americans are talking about deploying an anti battery here. so more pressure being brought to bear on china as well as north korea thank you for that just days after libyan politicians announced a unity government, there is a fracture that could affect that union. the officer who is the spokesman for the army says he has defected from its leader.
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general who is seen here has accused haftar of embezzlement. he has called him another version of former leader gadafi. >> translation: by god we've had it with the constant violations, the assassination, abuse, burning residents, forcing them to leave. i can no longer be associated with him. i here by disassociate myself from him from his illegal actions tunisian police have fired tear gas at protesters. they set fire to a police post and tried to storm local government buildings in several towns. >> reporter: the feeling of desperation is real here. this protestor is threatening to
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commit suicide. his colleagues save him at the last minute. tension is mounting and the ground is losing-- crowd is losing patience. this is one of the leaders of the protest movement. he graduated from the university eight years ago. he has been looking for work ever since. >> translation: we are united against discrimination and marginalization. we have suffered for decades. we don't feel like we belong to this country because government officials don't care about us. >> translation: there say budget for building roads, hospitals and providing electricity for the city. nothing has been done. i come from the poorest place to denounce corruption. >> reporter: the crowd converges near a police station. moments later they start hurling stones at policemen who were
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asked by their commanders to show self-restraint. they will not fire tear gas unless the situation gets worse. as protests spread across the country, government leaders will have little option but to try to contain discontent before the situation deteriorates even further at least 21 refugees have drowned off the coast of greece in two separate incidents. the coast guard says one sank off the coast of the small island in the even sea. the other boat sank off kalymnos still to come here on al jazeera, inside indonesia's prisons. are the jails becoming a breeding ground for radicalization. >> they are proven you can
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upcycle, reconstruct waste and put it back into fashion that's the eco friendsly design sending a message on the catwalks of hong kong.
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welcome back. as many as 22 people have been killed in an attack on a restaurant in somalia's capital. members of the armed group al-shabab stormed the beach area on mogadishu on thursday night. friday is the deadline for the formation of a transition unity government in south sudan.
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the president and his rival leader signed a deal in august but they've been clashing about how to share power. south korean president park geun-hye has called for a meeting of five countries, excluding north korea to discuss pyongyang's nuclear program. the international community is seeking to impose new sanctions on north korea in response to its fourth nuclear test on january 6. myanmar has begun releasing the first of about a hundred political prisoners on friday. the prison, one of the largest prisons, houses political prisoner and is notorious for its poor conditions. going to wayne hay who is following that story. wayne, tell us more. >> reporter: yes, the latest number of political prisoner who have been released on friday that we are hearing is more than 50 now. so certainly it is being reported that there will be more to come in the days ahead. certainly some of the emotion that we're seeing from some of
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the prisoners being released from the various jails around the country is one of elation, of course, that they're free. they're able to reunite with their family members, but also some despair, some sadness that they are leaving prisoner behind, some who have been there for many years simply for criticizing the government for voicing their political opposition. so still some way to go for this government before it can release all of those political prisoner, but certainly a good step in the right direction are we likely to see a fulham necessary tea at some point? -- full amnesty? >> reporter: this is made up of the former generals in the government, only about a week left in office, before handing over to a government that will be run by the largest opposition party after it won last year's election. so comfortably that party led by aung san suu kyi who has long
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campaigned for human rights for democracy. so certainly if this current government isn't able to finish the job in the next few days, the expectation is that the new government will do that fairly quirkily after 1 february. it seems like it may be done before she takes office. it is believed there is probably half today's release about 100 political prisoners left in jail. so they could
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>> translation: when he came out of prison, we offered him to live here, although our house is very small. we tried hard to give him a new place. we even built a temporary small house for him, but he refused. so even if we would have been angry at him, if we would have tied him to a pole, it probably would be the same thing. >> reporter: he visited his family just ten days before the attack. during his years in prison, he managed to secure an early release. this case shows the failure of
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indonesia's present system to prevent radicalization of prisoners and also the failure to rehabilitate those convicted for terrorism. authorities admit they lose track of prisoners soon after their release, even those who are known to be high risk. in the past two years, an estimated 130 prisoner jailed for such offences have been released. >> translation: we have not been able to have him because he refused our effort. he was released before we could get information about him. the authorities should have watched him after his release. but there are so many things we have to do before we knew it. this attack had already happened. >> reporter: the police have announced that six men suspected in connection with last week's attack are still in prison, but were able to communicate with the attackers. >> there is so much wrong with the prison system it could take
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years to fix. there are some things that could be done immediately. for example, no effort has yet been made to ban mobile phone communication and that should be something that is quite simple to do. meanwhile, his family have to face villagers about what he did. after some discussions, they decide his body can be buried in the village >> translation: as a family we want to apologise to those involved in what happened, to the victims and others involved, please for give us. we apologise for what happened. >> reporter: the government has announced that individuals who join i.s.i.l. may lose their national china announced that its economy is growing at the slowest pace in 25 years. one thing that is increasing fast is public debt. a report on how that is hurting
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many sections of society. >> reporter: like many middle-class wage earners, she has borrowed money from a bank to help buy a home and a car. he and his wife is financially prudent. >> we see how much money we have now. so we decide how much money we spend. >> reporter: their loans in make crow economic terms are considered household debt and are classed as non-state borrowings which make up about a third of the country's total debt. that's not the type of liabilities chinese policy makesers are concerned about. as the debt grows faster, it is money loaned to governments that could be a credit crisis in the making. during the gfc in 2008 the government pumped in lots of money to keep the economy going. local governments issued bonds and state-owned businesses
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borrowed money from banks to finance new and ongoing projects. developers kept building even though there were no buyers. the result? ghost cities. debt started to balloon. conservative efforts put it at twice the size of gdp while some say it could be as much as 280%. what makes china's debt problem different could also be a mitigating factor. >> nearly all of the debt is locally denominated. so it's debt issued by a state enterprise or a local government especially, and usually the person who financed that was a state-owned bank. so essentially what we're talking about is a ledger where the chinese government has money in one pocket on the left and then the debt on the other in the right. >> reporter: that, he says, gives the central government
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more leeway in managing the problem. the government in beijing has the ability to force state owned banks to take a loss on loans they make to local governments or public companies which are now struggling to make repayments. it has also indicated it will allow state-owned enterprises that are no longer profitable to go bankrupt instead of bailing them out. unemployment could go up. as the days of easy credit appear to be over, the chinese economy will have to go through a painful period of adjustment china has signed investment and aid deals worth billions of dollars with egypt. they were signed during a visit by the president to cairo. egypt's economy needs a much needed boost. it has deteriorated to its lowest level since the 2011
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uprising. the new canal has been criticized for not living up to its anticipated potential. the tourism industry is, of course, struggling. it has been made worse after russia and other countries b banned flights to . a bomb went off during a security raid in giza. 10 people were killed. seven were police officers. 30 others were injured. a new school for children living with autism has opened in the african town. it is a first for this low-income community. >> reporter: this woman says she noticed something was wrong with her daughter nine months after she was born. >> the doctor didn't tell me she was autistic. he just said to me she was brain
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damaged. it broke my heart very big. i couldn't even tell my parent, my family or my husband. >> reporter: she will be 16 soon. her mother now understands that autism is an neuro disorder meaning that the brain doesn't develop in the way it is supposed to. parents don't pay school fees here. it is the first state-run school for autistic children in the township. many facilities cater for children with all facilities. they don't specialise in conditions such as autism. it is often misdiagnosed and misunderstood in the developing world >> parents rather keep their children in home. there's no word in our language for it. >> reporter: there are also private schools in south africa
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offering more specialist care for children with autism. they're well eye equipped and run, providing speech authority and academic and social schools. >> they're very visual learners. they don't always process verbal information very well, but they process visual information better. in that sense it is much easier to have learners with autism together so you can make the correct adaptations for them >> reporter: basic fees here are $400 a month. it is too expensive for this woman. her daughter had a bad experience in a public school. teacher lack training to meet the needs of autistic children. >> i was crying. i was crying really. it was very painful >> reporter: this school has 64 students. with time officials hope other facilities for these children
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who require a special kind of education can be opened in other poorer neighborhoods designers at hong kong's fashion week have been competing to win an a waward. >> reporter: in a world where strange is often good, it is one of the stranger fashion shows. it seems to make absolute sense. collections from ten young designers all using recycled fabrics from bed sheets dumped by london hotels to the fashion labels discarded by factories in china. >> i work in a gown shop and i saw a lot of waste from the tailor after they cut and sew. at that time i'm thinking that maybe i can use them. >> reporter: making yesterday's fashions fashionable again has never been more important.
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one year in vogue, the next season out of it, the fashion industry is made for waste on an industrial scale, not just in the textiles that are dumped, but in the huge amounts of chemicals and water used in that production. aiming to change that t they take ten designers around the world to a journey to discover the possibilities of recycling. on this trip, a warehouse of discarded clouths from hong kong and china. >> a lot of them are very good quality. they're virtually new. >> reporter: back at the exhibition, the winners of the award from previous years now have their own labels >> i see that we educate these designers. i see their passion, creativity and the magsive impact that they have on the minds of the established industry because they are proven that you be upcycle, reconstruct and recycle waste and put it back into fashion.
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>> reporter: soon the class of 2016 will be joining them to make environmentally friendly the fashion more, of course, on everything that we have been covering on our website. there is the address. , tonight terrorism, climate change and a sluggish economy. our correspondent thinks that our biggest threat is psychological. in our panel another whitous at the oscars, does hollywood need action? my final thought on why politicians, including president, should stop inviting divisive guests to the state of the union.