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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 22, 2016 9:00am-9:31am EST

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tunisia declares a nationwide curfew after days of protest against the government. you're watching al jazeera live from doha. also coming up, the eu looks at extending border controls. 22 killed in an attack in mogadishu. al shabab claims responsibility. inside tunisia prisons, many say the jails are a breeding ground for radicalization.
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>> a nationwide curfew has been declared in tunisia as authorities struggle to deal with protests across several towns and cities over a lack of jobs. the demonstrations have spread to tunis in the world unrest since the 2010 uprising that ousted the former president. the death of one youth has triggered the violence. >> a family mourning its son, he was prust rated over lack of job opportunities. he climbed an electricity pole and threatened to commit suicide. he was heck cute and his death sparked anger nationwide. a younger generation feels increasingly let down by its
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government. >> my son died, the government is responsible if that it breaks my heart. those responsible for his death should be held accountable. they destroyed a whole family. >> he was relentlessly hunting for a job to look at his parents and seven brothers and sisters. his father is a retiree and struggles to make ends meet. >> his name was on a list to get a job and suddenly his name was taken off the list. >> this is where he spent most of his life. after the revolution that ended the regime five years ago this month, he was hopeful life would improve and the poor and unemployed would get a better
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chance. >> anti-government sentiment is on the rise. there have been mass protests. anger soon spread through this week with unemployed young people proking in towns and cities. they all say the government breaks its promises. the government is under growing pressure to show its people it cares about their problems but at the same time runs on a tight budget and may not be able to fund programs for jobs across the country. al jazeera. tunisia's minister of local affairs told al jazeera that he understands people are frustrated, but this unrest has no comparison to the 2010 uprising. >> people are defending their right to work and calling for more job opportunities. we do understand this, and the
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constitution, the tunisian constitution protect their right for that. 2011 was totally different. it was reaction to political upheaval and social repression against activists and workers. it was also an uprising began, this is true, but there is no comparison today. >> the national curfew is response to the act we saw yesterday. we understand all the demonstration rewarding
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employment and development issue, we cannot understand any act of vandalism and our security forces are doing a huge job every day and every night, so the curfew will stay until the situation will become better. unemployed people, we are in communication with them. those people are tunisian and we are working day and night to give them solution. >> tunisia's prime minister is cutting short a visit to france and returning to his country but insists that the situation is under control. >> the situation is calming down. it's an economic problem and people are demanding jobs. wwe have a prime minister to try to resolve this problem, one of the main goals of this government. we don't have a magic wanted we sanity solve all the problems and situations at once. the situation is now under
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control. refugees including children drowned off the coast of greece in two incidents. one boat carrying 48 sank off the island in the eastern aegean sea. another boat rank off the island. the coast guard rescued 26 and recovered several bodies. european union leaders are expected to immediate monday to discuss bringing back border controls to control the flow of refugees. the humanitarian crisis is an ongoing conversation between germany and turkey. the turkish prime minister is holding talks with angela merkel in the german capitol. we are joined from berlin to tell us what they are seeking. >> it's a sign of just how much angela merkel is relying on turkey right now, but she's meeting the turkish prime
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minister in the chancellery building and cabinet ministers from bolt countries discussing mainly the refugee crisis, also counter terrorism measures. on monday, interior ministers from the e.u. will discuss perhaps extending temporary border controls, which goes against the schengen agreement on free movement in the e.u. germany has certain controls, but german chancellor merkel, last year's figure into germany was over a million. while she is refusing to impose a limit, she is relying on stopping those refugees at source, which is mainly people coming from the -- fleeing the syrian conflict into turkey. she is asking turkey to do more in terms of improving the
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situation for syrian refugees in turkey, allowing them to work, allowing them to take part in education and so on, but it really is a one perhaps a one strategy approach. she doesn't have much solidarity from other e.u. leaders in terms of quote at as and so on, so really, it very much dependency on what comes out of the turkish side. >> speaking of the turk iraq side, however is turkey willing to go to help? >> it's really hard to say at the moment everyone is talking about the money. the european union came up with this figure at the end of last year of $3.3 billion or so, of special funds to help the turks improve the situation for syrian refugees to stay in turkey. so many of them at the moment living in those camps in harsh conditions especially with the winter weather at the moment, as the weather improves, more
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migrants will be arriving not just in turkey, but various points on the southern shores of the european union, not just through to but other routes exist. so many of from iraq and afghanistan and the european union plan doesn't seem to have much say in what to do about those people who would still be trying to make their way to germany and perhaps north wards. it's a very tough mind that angela merkel is in right now. >> thank you for that update from berlin. >> at the world economic forum in davos, the u.s. secretary of state john kerry encontrolled donors to increase financing to help with the refugee crisis. >> president obama is going to host a summit at the u.n. this fall and it will be the culmination of a sustained rigorous effort to rally the world community on several fronts to increase by 30% the
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response to humanitarian funding appeals, the number of regular humanitarian donors, to increase it by at least 10, to at least double the number of refugees who are resettled or afforded other safe and legal channels of admission, to expand by 10 the total number of countries admitting refugees and to get a million children in school and a million people working legally. >> just days after libya's two rival factions agreed on a unity government, there's a rift in one camp. want spokesman for libya's national army in the east says he's defecting from the groom. big dear general who's seen here has caused him of embezzlement and accumulating too much power. he has called the army chief another version of the former
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leader muammar gaddafi. >> we've had it, burning residence, demolishing them, forcing them to flee. i can no longer be associated with him. i disassociate myself from him and his illegal action. an aid shipment has arrived in taiz. more than a quarter million people in yemen have been living under a virtual siege since november. aid trucks have been stopped from entering the city since december. also in taiz, an al jazeera news team has gone missing as they covered events there. a correspondent and crew members were last seen on monday evening. they are believed to have been kidnapped. al jazeera is calling for their immediate release. >> the government of myanmar has begun releasing more political prisoners as it winds down its
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time in office. more than 50 have been freed on friday and there may be more to come in the days ahead. we have this report from neighboring thailand. >> there were emotional reunions around myanmar as inmates walked free. some had been held for years for activism, for having pro tested and voiced opposition to the government, but their joy at freedom was mixed with sadness for the political prisoners left behind. >> i'm not fully happy as the government is releasing prisoners separately. i want all the activists political prisoners, students, formers and workers still left in the prison. >> the current government is made up largely of former generals who ran myanmar as a dictatorship for 15 years. they brutally crushed dissent and kept opposition leaders under house arrest. after an election in 2010, the government embarked on a series of reforms, including a gradual release of political prisoners.
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the party won last year's election and will form the next government on february 1. after campaigning for democracy and human rights for so long, there is hope that she will finally be able to help myanmar move from its dark past. >> i highly believe that our problems will be all right, because our country is under her mother. i believe that her mother is in power now. >> there are still many political prisoners to be freed and many more problems for myanmar to overcome. the army will remain powerful, but seems the old guard are trying to right some wrongs before they step aside. wane hey, al jazeera, dang cock. lots more coming up, including a dangerous mosquito born virus spreading fear among pregnant women in south america.
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filmmakers gather at the sun dance film festival.
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>> the top stories on al jazeera, a nationwide curfew has been declared in tunisia after several days of protests of lack of jobs. authorities are grouping with the worst unrest since 2011. at least 40 refugees including 17 children drowned off the coast of greece in two separate i wants, one boat carrying 48 people sank off a small island. the other sank near another
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island. turkish prime minister is discussing the refugee crisis and security with angela merkel in berlin. 22 people have been kid in an attack on a restaurant in somalia's capital. members of the armed group al shabab stormed the area in mogadishu on thursday night. police say a gun battle with government troops followed, lasted for several hours. we have this report. >> daylight reveals the full horror of the attack as the grim task of identifying the dead begins. al shabab fighters say they are responsible for the carnage at a popular beach front restaurant.
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>> i was intending to go out, but suddenly we heard an explosion and gunfire. i looked back and saw a fighter shooting at everybody. i locked myself inside a room until we were evacuated by the security forces. >> a wedding ceremony and graduation dinner were underway when armed fighters rammed a car packed with explosives into the restaurant. they then stormed the building, shooting at customers. a well planned attack from an organization which the authorities in somalia and kenya had thought to be struggling and on the defensive. >> unfortunately, security services even in the west seem to really understate the threat of groups such as al shabab. they've been very good at planning operations, even outside somalia. >> last friday, fighters from the group attacked and african
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union military base. in september, 2013, fighters from the group stormed the west gate shopping mall in nairobi, killing 67 people. somalia has been devastated by decades of civil unrest. four years ago, the government pushed al shabab out of major stirs, including mogadishu with the help of african union soldiers. warring parties in south sudan have until the end of friday to form a unity government. the president and his rival signed a peace deal in august, but the two men have been clashing about how to share power. so you had sudan's spokesperson said the government is committed to the peace deal.
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>> the security arrangement is to be in place and the list of the names to be appointed in the portfolios, i mean the names of the other stakeholders have to be submitted before the 22nd, even if they were submitted, then the government would have been formed so that agreement is incorporated into the constitution of south sudan. >> we otherwise the challenges that the south sudanese are undergoing but looking for a way out, the way forward apartment way forward is that now, the 28 are now in place, all the governors have returned to their estates. we are just waiting for the
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stake holders to do what the government is doing, the government is committed to, you know, implement peace agreement fully and the other stakeholders should duplicate the government positions. >> the indonesian government ordered a review of its president that one of the gunman in last month's attack had recently been released from jail. experts believe many prisoners are becoming radicalized inside prisons. >> relatives waiting for a body. ten days ago, the 32-year-old became the fails of the worse attack, photographed shooting into a crowd at one of the busiest intersections. four members of the public were killed in that day's attack. just five months earlier, he had been released from prison where he was serving a term for attending an armed training
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camp. >> when he came out of prison, we offered him to live here. although our house is very small, we tried hard to give him a new place. we even built a temporary small house for him, but he refused. even if we would have been angry at him, tied him to a pole, he probably would have still done the same thing. >> his last visit with his family just 10 days before the attack. >> during his years of prison, he refused to take part in the government's so-called deradicalization program. he managed to secure an early release. his case shows the failure of indonesia's prison system to prevent radicalization of prisoners and rehabilitate those convicted of terrorism. >> authorities admit they lose track of prisoners soon after their release, even those known to be high risk. in the past two years, an
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estimated 230 prisoners have been reds. >> he was released before we could get more information about him. they should have watched him after his release, but there are so many things we have to do before we knew it, this attack had already happened. >> the police have announced that six men suspected in connection with last week's attack are still in prison but were able to communicate with the attackers. >> there is so much wrong with the prison system, it will take years to fix that. there are some things that can be done immediately. for example, no effort has yet been made to ban mobile phone communication and that should be something that's quite simple to do. >> meanwhile, his family had to face fellow villagers who were angry about what he did. after some discussion, village
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leaders have decided his body can be buried in the village. >> as a family, we want to apologized for those involved in what happened, to the victims and others please forgive us. we apologize for what happened. >> the government has announced that indonesians who have joined isil in syria may lose their nationality. the president of haiti says the presidential vote will go ahead this weekend despite the protest. he threatened the boycott over fraud allegations, although he has not formally withdrawn. as a dangerous mosquito borne virus spreads, health warnings for women tell them to avoid
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getting pregnant. we have this report. >> in this clinic in central colombia, future mothers anxiously wait for their during's visit. some of them were sick with the zika virus, a mas mosquito borne disease causing deformities in some babies. >> i have seen it on the news. i'm very worried. what if my child is malformed, can you imagine bringing him to life like that? it's scary. >> thousands of babies have been born in brazil with small heads and brain damage, their mothers were infected by zika. the virus has infected more than 13,000 people in colombia since october, making it the second worst hit country in the region. it could affect as many as
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7,000 more in coming months. they warn women to avoid getting pregnant. >> they should consider postponing pregnancy for six or eight months. we are saying it this way because it's a good way to communicate the risk involved. there can be serious consequences. >> up to this point, there haven't been any confirmed cases of microcephaly in newborn babies related to zika. health officials say it's only a question of time. >> we can't avoid all cases. >> zika can be spread by the same mosquitoes that care dengue fever. they breed in small amounts of still water. she is eight months pregnant. she said unlike many friends, she hasn't been infected. she's been careful to rid her home of still water and uses repellant and mosquito nets at night. >> the problem is there's a lot of women poorly informed and not taking any precautions.
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that's how viruses spread. now the government is telling people not to get pregnant and it's not going to work. >> the government is promising to start a health campaign to convince people to change their habits, but with no cure for the virus, mean fear the disease could turn into an epidemic. al jazeera. the sun dance film festival has kicked off, one of the biggest and most prestigious in the world for independent filmmakers. we look at this year's highlights. >> the rocky mountain air is full of expectations. independent filmmakers from 37 countries are showing off artistic creations to eager cinema fans and prospective film studio buyers. >> it's a bucket item list for me. i always wanted to come. >> people are told they know this is where the best content
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in the world for film is. >> 120 featured films will be screened at sundance this year, called for more than 4,000 positions. robert redford said the focus is on narrative. >> to me, the story is the most important thing and story telling is what it should be about. >> christine, starring rebecca hall, this is a dark drama about a female journalist trying to break into the male-dominated world of 1970 era news. the israeli produced arabic language film sand storm tells the story of a bedouin family and its struggle to recognize its beliefs with contemporary sexual relationships. birth of a nation, directed by and starring nate parker takes its name from d.w. griffith, the blatantly racist 1915 silent
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epic but tells the story of the bloody slave uprising led by african american folk hero. in the documentary division, there's buzz about new town, taking on the wrenching debate over gun violence, focusing on grieving families that lost children in the sandy hook school massacre in 2012. a legendary german filmmaker is back with lo and behold, off beat look at the digitized internet connected world humanity has made and which is remaking humanity. >> in 2015, the festival's grand prize winner, me and earl and the dying girl failed to win big audiences when it was released in theaters. >> that just shows there's a big difference between the bubble of the sundance film festival and what mainstream audiences are going to be interested in. >> you can be sure many of the filmmakers walking here hope their labor of love will be the
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next little miss sunshine, whiplash or blair witch project. al jazeera, park city, utah. much more on that story and the day's top stories at our website, feeling the impact, at least 50 million people are in the path of a major winter storm. it's already grounding flights nationwide. >> taking action, the e.p.a. steps into the water crisis in flint and forces out a top official. >> an american student detained in north korea, how he wound up in jail in pyongyang.