tv Weekend News Al Jazeera January 23, 2016 2:00am-2:31am EST
a blizzard that could affect millions of people first tunisia is waking up after a night-time nation-wide curfew. it was imposed on friday night after the worst unrest since the uprising five years ago that toppled the former leader. the prime minister is expected to chair an emergency cabinet meeting on saturday. there has now been four days of violent protests over the lack of jobs, mainly young men throwing stones have clashed with police in several towns and the police station have responded with tear gas. the president says tunisia is under attack and warns that i.s.i.l. fighters in neighbors libya could take advantage of the unrest. our correspondent reports from where the protest began.
>> reporter: they expected their lives to be better by now and blame the government for the fact they're not. it has been five years since protests forced the president to leave tunisia, after 23 years in power, starting what became known as the arab spring. tunisia still has some of the same problems that created the revolution, issues like unemployment and poverty. the president has urged the country to respect the nationwide curfew that has been put in place following a wave of protests across the country. in an address to the nation he acknowledged the high unemployment rate as a factor for the protest, but he also said foreign groups were deliberately destabilizing
tunisia. >> translation: we have more than 700,000 unemployed, among them 300,000 youth who have qualifications and cannot find a job. they are being targeted by outside forces, i.s.i.l. and others >> reporter: the protests started after the death of a young man on saturday. he was electrocuted after climbing a transmission tower in a protest over missing out on a government job. the prime minister has cut short a trip to europe to deal with the unrest. he says the situation is under control and that the government has started to implement a job creation program. >> translation: the situation is calming down. it is an economic problem. it's people looking for work. we have a program to try to resolve this problem, but we don't have a magic wanted. we-- wan dpshgs. we cannot solve all the
unemployment problems. >> reporter: the progress to' democratic state has not been easy. the government is under growing pressure to show it's on top of the situation and show its people it cares about their problems, but at the same time it runs on a tight budget and may not be able to fund programs for jobs across the country to syria where activists and medical sources say dozens of civilians have been killed by russian air strikes in i.s.i.l.-controlled areas. it clues two villages in deir azzor province and it is said at least 13 children are among the dead. the i.s.i.l. stronghold raqqa was also hit. at least 27 people, including women and children, are believed to have died there. russia has also been accused tough of targeting areas that are not controlled by i.s.i.l.
activists say at least 8 civilians have been killed close to the border. >> reporter: russia says it's air strikes are attacking terrorists, but the pictures on the ground tell a different story. this is in north-west syria. the town is not an i.s.i.l. stronghold. it is mainly in eastern syria. instead this area is dominated by rebel groups that oppose bashar al-assad, a russian ally. volunteers search for survivors in the rubble of collapsed buildings. they're from ray group called the syrian civil defense. it was formed two years ago and now has more than 3,000 volunteers. in the absence of a functioning state, these volunteers take the injured to hospital and clear the dead from the streets.
they keep working despite russian bombs dropping around them. saudi arabia has criticised the russian air strikes and demanded that moscow stop them. western governments, including the u.k. and u.s. is, has also questioned president putin's intentions. i.s.i.l. has positioned targets ploong with other groups. it has added layers of confusion to an already complex civil wa . there have been protests in the city of ties in relation to the journalists who have been kidnapped. they were sovrg events in the besieged city. they were last seen on monday night. al jazeera is calling for their immediate release. in greece more than 40 refugees
have died when two boats sank in the sea. emergency workers have brought the bodies ashore, including survivors, but it is unclear how many people were on board. mean wheel the germ unanimous chancellor has red turkey's minister to discuss europe's response to the refugee crisis. >> reporter: the pressure may not have shown that she welcomed her turkish count terror part, but she is treading a lonely path at the moment. as the german and turkish have discussions, the chancellor rejected the idea of closing europe's borders. >> translation: we have once again heard about terrible numbers of people dying in the seas between turkey and the e.u., children as well. we cannot allow the illegal traffickers to have supremecy here and that people endanger their lives and people earn money when they do not have the
best interests of these human beings in their minds. that's why we have to make sure that this illegal immigration is changed into legal immigration. >> reporter: on friday a reminder of the risks people are still taking to reach europe. despite scenes like this on the greek i would of lesbos, there is a warning after taking in more after germany took on around a million last year. a three billion dollar fund will be provided to turkey. obama has offered to contribute to ease europe's refugee crisis. even if new money is forthcoming, it might not make a huge difference. >> it to do with the refugee flow. we have afghan,s and others, and staying in turkey is not attractive to them.
they will want to continue to move towards europe. >> reporter: the talks here are a sign of just how much the chancellor needs turkey's help. it is not certain if ankara has the means or the will to deliver. before friday's meeting the turkish prime minister wanders that the e.u. money wouldn't be enough. he has insists that he has acted to slow the migrant flow. >> translation: turkey has declared a number of plans. we're determined to make refugees' lives easier providing humanitarian aid to them. we have passed legislation to lieu syrian refugees to gain employment in turkey and we're also working on visa requirements for refugees to prevent them being exploited. >> reporter: ahead of next month's e.u. summit, angela merkel has already worried colleagues. the calls to get tougher at home and abroad are getting louder all the time meanwhile hungary's prime
minister has called a fence to be built to curb the flow of refugees. >> translation: it is not enough to moon about greece not defending its borders, but acting as a man we have to see that our expectation is that the border which is a line of defense because otherwise there will be big trouble from what is happening today a gunmen has killed four people in a canadian province. two others have been injured in an incident at a community school. a suspect is in custody. >> the country's heart is breaking for the people today. obviously, this is every parent's worst nightmare. when i spoke with community leaders they, obviously, expressed that the community is reeling and all of us across
this country hearts are going out to the families here is our correspondent. >> reporter: in took place in a very remote spot. the town is about 600 kilometers from the nearest city, but the federal police service, the royal acanadian mounted police have confirmed that four people died and a number were injured. they were in lock down and investigating at two locations, a residence and the school itself. they said something happened in that residence, a shooting, and then a little bit later someone started to shoot both outside and inside the community school. not much is known about the victims or the motive for this, but it's not something that happens a lot in canada. mass shootings are quite rare here. the city has had problems with gun crime, gang violence, but nothing on this scale. we're hearing that the community is devastated. everybody there knows one another.
it is a closely admit place. so until-- closely knit place. people are quite worried what has been going on in their community a huge blizzard is hitting the east coast of the u.s. and is expected to bring as much as 60 centimeters of snow in some parts. so thousands of flights have been cancelled and people have been told to stay indoors until the worst of it passes. we can get more from our weather presenter. this sounds like a monster. >> reporter: it is. we're not quite halfway into it. they're not going to see record breaking weather. this is the satellite picture that shows it's developing now. you were showed earlier this is feeding warm air off the ocean into a developing low pressure, which is a recipe for huge amounts. this is dc. washington dallas still clearing the runways.
23 centers of snow is on the grounds. it is still snowing and about minus 6 degrees. from this point onwards, when day breaks again in dc and other surrounding areas, it will keep snowing. this is where we're feeding the moisture up from thchlt has still got to come on board over cold ground and huge area of cloud. the result is snow. i think on it's going to concentrate it's really depth in dc or just to the west. so it's her peoplelands or phidadelphia. the city is less likely to see a recording breaking amount. we have fairly high waters as well. there's a lot to talk about, but not just now china is also preparing for extremely cold weather as temperatures are predicted to hit 30 year lows in some parts. the schools are shut and emergency workers are on stand by. in some mountainous places up to
50 centimeters of snow has already fallen, but tourists are out even at minus 8 degrees celsius. we've got a lot more to come here, including in haiti the protests flare-up as a presidential run-off vote has been postponed again. oscars organisers have announced a diversity drive after a backlash regarding this year's nominees.
a look at the top stories here. tunisia is due to hold an emergency cabinet meeting on saturday after four days of violent protests about the lack of jobs. the president says the demand for jobs was justified by warns that i.s.i.l. in neighboring lip i can't could take advantage of the unrest. in syria activists and medical sources say dozens of civilians have been killed by russian air strikes. areas understand i.s.i.l. control were targeted in raqqa and another area. at least 40 people including women and children are believed to have died in the bombardment. four people have been killed by a shooter at i high school and a-- a high school and a second location in canada. the suspect has been arrested. the prime minister says the country's heart is breaking for the people of the area. the world economic forum in switzerland is drawing to a close. low oil prices and china's economic slowdown have dominated
the meeting of world leaders and business chiefs. there has been an air of pessimism after a plunge in global stock markets. our correspondent has been speaking to the director of the international agency. >> reporter: as it draws to the close one of the big issues has a long way to go and that's the price of oil. we will talk to the executive director of the international energy agency about this. it's a pleasure to have you with us here. have people been coming up to you all week wanting to know about the oil price et cetera? >> it is a dominating issue here. more than climate change and refugees china, oil prices today and what will they be tomorrow is the main topic. >> reporter: we know that i think it is going to go down further. do you feel that we haven't reached the bottom yet?
>> i think going back to 2016, there say lot of oil in the market and not many consumers demands this. on top of that we expect, of the oil, we will see iran, 300,000 barrels a day and plus maybe under 200,000. there will be more oil in the market. this means 20016 may well be a year to see oil prices under pressure. >> reporter: shouldn't someone be getting on the phone in the big players saying they need no cut production. we know why they don't want to, but the greater good here, it is going to keep driving the prices down if they don't cut production. >> of course. it is up to the saudi government and other middle east producers, but two things are important to note here. one, as a result of the low oil prices, huge amount of
investments for oil are deferred or cancelled. 2015, 20%, 2016 an additional 16% decline. in history of oil, this is happening for the first time two years in a row oil in the areas, which means that 2017 may be earlier, we will see a rebound of the prices, number one. number two, when you look at the impact of the low oil prices, middle east producers are hurt the most together with russia. according to our analysis, if the prices remain around $30 for 2016, middle east will lose economic value because 20% of the gdp, huge loss. russia is losing about 10% equivalent to the gdp. so low ill prices hurt
economies, but we should also see that this is not the price level which shall be with us forever. >> reporter: what about some good news, though? the consumer, do they get cheaper petrol? we can explain about low oil prices but there has to be some advantages. >> for some oil importers, this is good news, at least on a temporary basis. countries like india, china, europe, japan, this is definitely good news because their oil import bill is decreasing as a result of low oil prices, but thinking about the future, this is good news for some time, is a temporary one. those countries shouldn't be relaxed ond and believe that now they get $25 oil price, this is the new normal now. i don't think it's the new normal. we will see rebound of the prices sooner or later
low oil prices there. the other main issue, of course, affecting the global economy is the slowdown in china and microsoft bill gates expressed an optimistic outlook. >> most countries would envy 6.9% growth. china has a challenge of shifting the economy into some new directions. there's a lot of great talent in china. you know, building up the education system. i think china has got a very bright future. i have a lot of confidence in china, partly because they take a long-term view, they look at what other countries are doing. china is going to be contributing more and more to the world's innovation going to haiti now where there have been violent protests following a presidential run-off vote that was delayed nor a second time. it was supposed to happen open
sunday, but the electoral commission pushing p pushed it back for security concerns. no new date has been set. >> reporter: the opposition leader called it a victory for democracy. but on the streets protesters were in no mood to celebrate. thousands marched to voice their anger, burning campaign posters, tours, and throwing rocks. many remain sceptical of the election process and fear haiti is now heading into a deepening political crisis. this protester told us it's time to form a transitional government and organise a fresh election. he says the people need to be part of that decision and in the end be victorious. this remains an extremely volatile situation. the protesters are turning up here, there are rocks being thrown. there is cs gas in the air. this was a victory for the
protesters, but clearly there is a lot of unrest. despite the delays, this man feels confident that he will be the next president >> in two months i will win. in a year i will win. >> reporter: the 47-year-old was hands picked by the president and refers to himself as banana man because of his agricultural background. he topped the polls in the had last vote and he told us he is the hope for haiti's future. >> translation: it is true that six months ago nobody knew, but today the entire country knows who i am. they know me because my campaign team has done excellent work. >> reporter: opposition candidate called the first round of voting a farce and refused to campaign in the run-off. there's pressure from the international community for haiti to restore confidence in its electoral process. time is running out. the president is supposed to step down in two weeks.
what comes next remains uncertain women in el salvador are being urged to delay any planned pregnancies for two years. this is because of the mosquito born zika virus which causes series birth defects and it is spreading through latin maeshg. there have been more than 5,000 cases in el salvador since last year. colombia has issued a similar warning to women. organisers of the oscars say they will double the number of women in ethnic minorities by 2020. there has been criticism over a lack of diversity among nominees. for the second year in a row no black nor minority performers are nam natured in the four categories. these two as well as the director spike lee were among the group boycotting the ceremony.
change is well over due. >> this is a generational process. hollywood has started largely by caucasian jewish communities and have remained in decades. we're seeing a shift in demographics. so many people are watching and the business is going there in asia. we're feeling the pressures of economic change. we need to understand that the academy and the oscars are a public relations instrument of hollywood. the real power structure are the movie studios. they're the ones that finance the films. they're the ones that choose the actors and directors. that is where the issue is. until the hollywood studios start creating more content for global audiences with more diverse cast or diverse film makers, we will have this problem coming up again. it really is an issue of the power structure. if you look at actors, their
performances, it is a tragedy that some weren't nominated. there say disconnect to what the audience were responsibilitying to as compared to the voters the sundance film festival has begun. >> reporter: one of those parts of us, they're so deep that no storm can take them away. >> reporter: how to let go of the world and love all the things climate chant change is one of dozens of document res premiering at the festival. this is meant to encourage action to slow climate change. >> when i say we have to let go of the world, what i mean is this world that is based on agreed and competition and in many cases violence. what we have to do and when we face climate chak is base our society on things that are more sustainable.
>> reporter: the sundance documents rees deal with challenging touks topics, including gun violence, race relations and abortion >> i think document rees are not only great, but they're a social good, a force for good in the democracy because they make us ask ourselves hard questions. >> reporter: gym jim tells of a story of a journalist. this man was a friends of his since his child hood >> he was not there to be the story. he was trying to tell the stories of the syrians. i wanted this film to help jim bring those stories back to the surface and show people what he was doing over there. >> reporter: sonita is the story of a rap music loving girl from afghanistan growing up as an illegal immigrant in iran. when the director learned the girl's family planned to sell
her as a bride, she stepped in >> when her mom came to get her, my film maker side was thaep, but my human side was oh, i'm not going to see her any more and her life will be ruined. so i entered the movie myself >> reporter: she now attending school in the u.s. and campaigns against child marriage >> the movie has chajd my life and now i'm able to change the life of other girls. >> reporter: it is a good time to be a document refilm maker. television channels like hall box office and internet streaming service like amazon and netflix are buying document rees and putting them in front of an audience never before >> these big new companies, it adds so many more options to film makers. >> reporter: challenging themes and bigger audience, part of a
new golden age for documentary films on the al jazeera website you can keep up-to-date with all the day's big stories and background as well, aljazeera.com >> good evening and welcome to "america tonight." i'm lisa fletcher for joie chen, who is on assignment. in the nation's fastest growing city australian, texas where more than 100,000 have