plus. >> reporter: i'm andrew tom is as on sydney harbour. ahead of australia day i will be explaining why some aboriginal australians see no reason to celebrate. to them 26 january marks "invasion day" top story this hour, the u.s. secretary of state john kerry says the question of which group should attend indirect talks between the syrian regime and the opposition will be resolved in a day or two. the summit in geneva has been delayed due to negotiations over exactly who will take part. our correspondent is a member of the syrian opposition. he says he is unhappy about the way the lead-up to the talks has been handled. -- this man on the phone is a member of the syrian opposition >> translation: there is pressure to give up the legitimate rights of the syrian people. the delegation is being
pressured to be head without any clear agendas. giving up the situation, we cannot tell our people delegated and gave up your rights and headed to geneva without stopping the raids or lifting the siege or sending aid andrew simmons is live for us. the mood music surrounding the talks happening or not doesn't look positive today. >> reporter: it doesn't. you have a situation here where the u.n. special envoy should have sent out the invitations to geneva on sunday. he hasn't. john kerry, who was in riyadh on saturday, and talking up the prospects of the talks happening, has made a warning speaking in lachlt aos saying
no-one should be made-- laos saying no-one should be making preconditions or posturing on either side. he said it was not a problem if the talks were delayed by a day or two. some diplomats are suggesting it could start on wednesday. he also used this phrase, he said that you can bring a horse to water, but you can't make it drink. the situation right now particularly with the opposition talking at the general body representing armed groups and politicians may not even get to go to the water, it would seem, because they're saying these opposition groups that they really want some indication from syria, a guarantee that they would rerees prisoners, that they would lift sieges, that they would also stop the air
raids, and by the air raids they, obviously, mean russian because that has been something of a game changer in the past four months since russia entered this war directly, no doubt whatsoever about it, and has added to the urgency to come to a conclusion, but here we have a situation where the syrian regime says it will go for talks, but the opposition parties seem to be in some level of disagreement about it, and it got to the stage where john kerry had had to actually make assurances once again that the u.s. a was backing all the groups it has done in the past, both militarily, politically and financially and he discarded suggestions that there could be some disunity amongst other countries that have been supporting the syrian moderate opposition what's your reading of those reports we're getting out of latakia province? how significant is that?
>> reporter: well, it is significant and it is hardly coincidental that there has been an ongoing push by the syrian regime forces backed up by hezbollah and, indeed, iranian forces and shia militia further up through and past salma, which was an opposition city which was taken earlier this month, but now to rabiah, that has been taken by the regime forces with a lot of russian air power. that ask again, as i said earlier, a key issue, and the opposition have had a major task trying to hold rabia and it is significant because it could open up the way to idlib for the regime forces and it is getting closer to the turkish border many thanks. protesters in the cairo suburb have defied an fish ban to mark
five years since the start of the egyptian revolution. over the past few days there has been a round up of thousands of homes have been searched. there has been a crackdown on dissent which has been unprecedented. the government said it must enforce security and order. the revolution in 2011 was driven by the young people of egypt, but five years on many feel betrayed by the outcome. >> reporter: it was supposed to be a new dawn as millions of egyptians came together. people from all faiths, backgrounds and ages united in the call for a change. nearly 50% of egypt's population is less than 24 years old, so the youth were the driving force of the revolution. even opposing football fans joined the protests. it started with a technical
savvy generation that gallon n vanised crowds. >> we weren't into politics and we didn't care. we just knew this is wrong and we should speak up to that. that's exactly what happened. >> reporter: it was a period of demanding political freedom, even walls became canvasses. all were calling for an end of injustice. in the 18 days it took to force asking the president to step down. hundreds of protesters were killed. since then an elected government has been replaced by the military and stricter laws restrict descent and protest. many of those who became icons of the revolution are either in exile or in jail. they feel that what fuelled the revolution also deflated it >> the same tool that united us
to topple dictators eventually tore us apart. >> reporter: people like former price egypt are living out of the country-- vice president. >> he just missed by an inch >> reporter: he remembers the crackdown at the square and its aftermath. despite feeling betrayed, he says he also has a sense of accomplishment. >> we always blamed the generation, how they never moved up towards going on, they never talked about the corruption of the regime. i think there will be a revolution happening within the next maybe five years. that will happen. >> reporter: five years on a bloodstained chapter in egypt's history continues to overshadow what many egyptians saw as the people's revolution
a cold snap continues to bite in east asia. china's national weather service says temperatures in the south and south-west will continue to drop. >> reporter: the whole of china in the grip of these arctic light conditions from temperatures of minus 40 in the far north in the country down to just above freezing here on the south china coast and all sorts of weather in between. the main city there was a flurry of snow yesterday. the first time according to one newspaper that has happened since 1929. further north in shanghai temperatures there still stubburnly low. this blaflt of polar air that we are seeing in south korea off the coast, having the heaviest snow fall in decades.
also heavy fall in japan with some parts of japan expecting monday up to 70 centimeters in taiwan of 57 people have died in unusually cold weather there. most of those who died were elderly people where the majority of homes do not have central heating. in vietnam farmers are saying animals are dying from the cold and crops are being affected. there is heavy snow and ice making the roads impossible. heavy snow in central and western japan disrupts travel. snow was dumped over larges areas of the country continuing today. in the news ahead. >> we survived and then some the clean-up begins along the eastern u.s. after a major blizzard forced a major shut down in several states. plus.
welcome back. the top stories so far. syrian government forces have recaptured what they say is the last rebel stronghold in latakia. the u.s. says the dispute over which syrian opposition groups will attend talks in geneva will be resolved soon. protesters in the cairo suburb have defied an official ban to mark five years since the start of the egyptian revolution.
over the past few days there has been a round up of activists and thousands of homes have been searched. cold weather across south-east asia today has disrupted the countries. in taiwan 57 people died in the country. staying with that weather-related theme, clean-up teams are working around the clock in cities up and down the eastern seaboard. federal offices in the capital remaining closed today. more than 18 million people have been affected by the storm. >> reporter: the sun came out again and so too did people looking for help to dig their cars out of mountains of snow. >> anybody stuck, anybody finally get out, some people have patience and some people don't have patience, but when you go to a neighborhood and see
people come out laughing. >> reporter: the one-day vehicle ban is over. it was new york's second largest blizzard in 150 years. >> all it takes is one car to get stuck and now that road is not passable and the ploughs can't plough that road and the situation quickly descends into chaos. >> reporter: for some of new york's homeless, the city's designated shelters were not a haven >> translation: i had to spend my time downstairs in the station due to the cold. >> reporter: more than 10,000 flights have been cancelled with 40,000 on sunday alone. those serving washington dc remained closed until monday. so too did the capital's metro train system. road accidents accounted for
most of the deaths. >> i'm happy to report that there are so far no deaths in new jersey corrected with this storm. -- corrected with this-- connected to this storm. the blizzard whipd up tides that flooded some neighborhood and some losses that suffered losses in hurricane sandy a little over three years ago find themselves having to rebuilt once more. yet despite the inconvenience, some people were still able to make the most of it. in what has become something of a post-blizzard condition, dozens dressed up in costumes and took part in a huge snow ball fight. more than half a metre of snow provided plenty of ammunition. the big test of the clean up efforts will come on monday when millions of people across the north-east will return to work
challenging the roads and transportation systems that ground to a halt because of this weekend's historic blizzard, a blizzard that anybody who lived through it won't forget it any time soon the iranian president is heading to italy, the first trip after lifting of sanctions. he will be holding meetings with politicians, besanko men and pope francis. the afghan government has held unofficial talks with the taliban in qatar. the political office in doha is the only body authorized to carry out negotiations on its behalf it says. the taliban first opened an office in doha in 2013. the pentagon has given wider authority for u.s. forces in afghanistan to hit target linked
to i.s.i.l. the afghan government is reporting progress against the armed group two weeks after its fighters attacked the pakistani consulate in jalalabad. this exclusive report on the afghan-pakistan border. >> reporter: on the front line of afghanistan's fight against the islamic state in iraq and the levant it runs through a vast mountainous area near the border with pakistan. weep had a strong army escort up to this military post. the government relies on these villages to keep i.s.i.l. at bay. >> translation: we are defending our country. it is our duty. >> reporter: but off camera this fighter tells me he doesn't have enough bullets to fight. i.s.i.l. is not far from here. their flag says it all. this is i.s.i.l. territory. i.s.i.l. emerged in afghanistan over a year ago, mainly in the east of the country.
afghan leaders say it is mainly made up of foreigners and that has attracted its members of the taliban and al-qaeda. it is not too long before we hear the first bullets. the army's 50 millimetre calibre guns are capable of subduing the incoming fire. tense moments follow and fighters take their positions. there has been fighting and clashes for the last half hour. we are about one kilometer away from where i.s.i.l. is present. they have their flag in that village and it is a clear sign of who is in control of that area. the afghan intelligence, military intelligence sources, have told us there's 4,000 fighters on the border between afghanistan and pakistan. it's a very mountainous terrain.
there are over 10,000 afghan security forces based in the province here. they are tasked with fighting i.s.i.l. and the taliban. a commander says i.s.i.l. will be defeated soon. >> translation: they posed a serious threat in the beginning, but we will defeat them in march. >> reporter: the afghan ministry of defense says more than 190 i.s.i.l. fighterss have been killed during the last two months. not far from the base this market is busy. for many here, i.s.i.l. is more than a threat. it is a reality. >> translation: the government controls the main roads and their bases. i.s.i.l. controls the rest. they're carrying out executions. >> reporter: the afghan army is already over stretched fighting a resilient enemy, the taliban, but its battle with i.s.i.l. is different and won't be over
soosoon two yemen now where air strikes from the saudi- led coalition have meant even more children have been unable to find any form of schooling. some students and teachers are fighting back to provide education in the southern city of taiz. >> reporter: yemen's young students are being forced to pay the price for the country's 11-month war. houthi reebls and likelyists to the former president are accused of destroying the schools in taiz, disrupting the education of more than a million children. some classrooms have been a no-go area for students over an entire school year. the u.n. says the houthis have destroyed at least 100 schools in taiz. >> translation: i was in year 1. my school shelled and destroyed. now i'm back working. >> reporter: 79 schools are known as a place to learn.
instead they're a place to shelter because the destruction have forced many families to abandon their homes. that hasn't stopped some children to heading to the few schools that remained. many shows determination have been killed in shelling. others who have been injured have been transferred to hospitals that lack medication. >> translation: they shelled homes. we don't know when this war will being over >> reporter: unicef says about 1.8 children in yemen have not been to school since the air strikes began in march. it wasn't always this way. taiz was known through its leadership in education throughout the modern history in yemen. the city and these students are not ready to surrender that
issue. >> translation: we need to contain the students and we are receiving many. -- reputation. >> reporter: education is a must in any circumstances, despite the upheaval to their lives and education, these girls are determined to have a better future malaysian police have arrested seven people whom they suspect of supporting i.s.i.l. the announcement was made on radicalization and extremism forum. >> the best way to uphold civil liberties is to ensure the safety of the area. this threat is, therefore, very real. my government takes it very seriously a center right candidate has been elected as the new president of portugal. it comes months after an anti
austerity socialist government came to power. h he was terracing the supporters-- in addressing the supporters he promised to work with his left wing points. a new push for australia to become a republic. a document has called for remaining ties to the british monkey-- monarchy to be severed. a report from sydney. >> reporter: the skies were grey but on 26 january last year there was still celebrations on sydney harbour for australia day. this year the weather forecast looks good, but on tuesday some won't be celebrating. many aboriginal people think the date is a date to mourn. it marks the anniversary of the landing in 1788 of captain
arthur phillips first fleet and the start of the first british colonel colony on the land known as australia. >> there was no collusion between the people who lived here and the british. the british just came in. >> reporter: to those here planning a march on tuesday to mark what they call "invasion day", 1788 began a period of history where some indigenous australians were originally massacred by white settlors, later marginalised. even today aboriginal australians are seriously disadvantaged. >> i don't think that any aboriginal person should be celebrating australia day. everyone should be saying i will not sing the national anthem on this day because i'm an aboriginal person in this country and because this hurts my people. >> reporter: many indigenous people, though, will be taking
part in official australia day events and organisers say they're sensitive to what the day means. >> it's important for us to recognise that australia day is a complex day for indigenous people, but the great thing that has happened this year ask that there has been wonderful engagement between australia day, the australia day council and the indigenous community >> reporter: for those protesting, their biggest issue is the date. australia's national day, they think, should have nothing to do with the rival of captain phillip over there in 1788. instead it should mark the birth of this country on 1 january 1901 when six states became the commonwealth of australia. marking january 26 instead is to some offensive. >> 1 january, that should be australia day. i mean, that would be in line with their own history. this is in line of the history of creating war against aboriginal people. you can't acknowledge that. >> reporter: next year australians will vote on whether
to change their country's constitution so that it recognises the country was inhabited before white settlors arrived, changing the date of the country's national days should follow the french president francois hollande has paid tribute to india's history. he laid a wreath in new delhi. he will have talks with the prime minister on monday some sports news. the broncos will face the panthers in next month's super bowl. it will be the fourth super bowel appearance for peyton manning. he is the oldest quarter back to play. earlier the carlina pan they ares sealed their pairs-- panthers.
it takes place on 7 february. cot voluntary will be closely watching next month's academy awards ceremony, the oscars. the film is called shock which amino acids friend in albania. it is nominated in the short film category. it is a friendship during conflict. >> reporter: the moment the oscars nomination was confirmed. cheers, tears and celebrations in the area and recognition of an extraordinary story. in fact, the film's two 13-year-old stars are being recognised everywhere at the moment. >> translation: everyone here knows about the nomination. when i go to a shop, people say to me they are proud of us. >> reporter: the short film is the true story of two boys and a friendship pushed to the limit during conflict in 1998.
>> translation: i had some difficulties with my part because i haven't lived through the war, but with the help of my parents and the crew who told me what happened, it got much easier. >> reporter: the producer remembers the war very well and the film reflects his experience of how ail banian speakers were treated. >> translation: police stopped us in a bus and i was asked to show my id card and i didn't have one at the time because i didn't spoke serbian. i told him i was travelling to school and he hit me and said i wasn't to speak in albanian, that i should speak serbian. that has been in the film. >> reporter: being nominated is an inspiration to other film makers. >> translation: this is the first time ever that kosovo was nominated for oscars. it means a lot for our country.
>> reporter: the film was shot on location and uses a cast of local actors. it is just 21 minutes long but win or lose next month, this short film is set to have a long lasting impact lots more news for you on the website at aljazeera.com. [ ♪ music ] hello, i'm richard gizbert, and you are at "the listening post". here are some of the media stories. egypt, where the arab spring is a distant memory and the news