>> syrians arrive in switzerland for talks on friday. but there are serious divisions over who should take part. i'm lauren taylor, and this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, a fatal shootout, the fbi sends reinforcements to oregon. >> and donald trump won't take part in a debate. thstruggling to survive in the
world's richest countries, we have a report for people begging for a living in sweden. >> hello, talks to find the political solution to end the war in serie- syria are in trouble before they have even gun. rival factions have started a boycott to, so who is going, and who is not. they said they won't make a decision on attending until sure. most of the rebel factions in the higher negotiating committee has written to the u.n. with a list of conditions for taking part. the pyd has not been invited. russia wants them there, but turkey calls them terrorists and won't speak to them. the islamic state in iraq and the levant and the al nusra front are not involved in the
attacks. our diplomatic editor james bays reports. >> some opposition politicians have already arrived here in switzerland. political groups who are not on the list of opposition delegates drawn up in saudi arabia are staying in this hotel in the resort town of lausanne. some have received invites and others have not. the co-chair man of one of the largest kurdish groups the pyd, a group turkey says is a terrorist entity. turkey's objections have clearly been heard by the u.n. he has not received an invitation. >> if really they want a political solution for syria, and if they don't like maybe the same outcome, all the searans should be be included on the table.
>> others who have now got an invitation say they're now considering whether to accept because their allies have been excluded. >> are you going to go to these talks that are supposed to start on friday? >> we hope to be present with the geneva talks with a strong and balanced allegation. these talks are very important for the searan people. >> if the talks go ahead on friday, the controversial will have given them a difficult start but that's almost nothing compared to the tasks they have happened trying to end a war that's lasted almost five years and claimed more than 300,000 lives. james bays, al jazeera, lausanne. >> well, it all comes as the united nations security council hears that siege and starvation are still being used as weapons of war. they say about 4.6 million
people are in hard to reach areas and 486,000 are trapped in besieged areas. they're urging those attending the attacks to put people before politics. >> you have taken action on chemical weapons in syria. you've authorized cross border humanitarian assistance, and you've taken action to launch a political process. but for the millions of people trapped under seen mall nourished and lacking basic supplies this council has simply not done enough. we've left those people with no hope. they believe the world has forgotten them. as this conflict approaches it's sixth year now is the time for those council members with influence on the parties to put their differences aside and come together at the most senior political levels to find ways to improve access to the millions of syrians that remain trapped in besieged and hard to reach areas. the syrian people cannot wait any longer.
>> the leaders of the militia group in oregon have been arrested in a shootout. one person was killed during the incident on tuesday. the police made their move while a militia leaders while they reportedly traveled to a community meeting 110 kilometers north of burns. the stand off has just started. let's listen in. >> they've had ample opportunity to leave the refuge peacefully. as the fbi and our partners have clearly demonstrated actions are not without consequences. containment roadblocks are now in place. around the refuge. but obstruction to the good people of the county that they've had to endure the last
several months will continue for a while longer. if the people on the refugee huge want to leave, they're free to do so through the check points where they will be identified. if they have questions or concerns they can contact the negotiators on the telephone that has been provided to them. as i conclude i want to share my promise to the citizens of the county to the people who live here, work lear and who are raising their families here. they will continue to look for safe, peaceful procedures and to bring this to a peaceful conclusion. >> well, let's go to tom ackerman who has been following the story.
they seem to be saying that the method of getting out of there is through these roadblocks. if they want to come out they can come out safely. they'll be identified. the intent is to keep from adding sympathizers. the last couple of days they've seen a procession of people from all over the u.s. west trying to join the group inside. and that further complicated the situation. the governor of oregon had urged the federal authorities to put an end to this. it had been lasting 26 days. and so the roadblocks that are set up here are really intended to--to end the situation peacefully. now, what happened yesterday on
tuesday was according to eyewitnesses was that the two cars carrying these leaders of the group had been stopped by february and state police on the road. one group surgeoned peacefully, and the other one apparently gave just--let off and the authorities gave chase after about a kilometer or so. the car wound up in a snow bank, and according to one of the members of the occupation group, the man who was killed, the de facto spokesman for the gro group, just got out of the car and charged at the law enforcement officers. he had previously said just the previous day that he would not go peacefully. he said the authorities want to take us over and we will not let
them. now the leader of the group is in custody right now. the question is who is leading the group inside the compound now? a man named jason patric has been speaking to the media, and calling himself the de facto leader now. but he says that he's looking for a peaceful resolution, but he's not indicating at any point when they're prepared to give up this occupation. >> tom ackerman, thank you very much for bringing us the latest on that story. the french justice minister has resigned. she had expressed concerns. the plan would apply for those with dual nationality. it was proposed after the paris attacks in november which left 130 people dead. >> i'm leaving the government. i chose to be loyal to myself, my commitment, to my struggles
my relationship with others, loyal to ourselves. the terrorist threat is serious, unpredictable and we've learned to fight this and we've given ourselves the means to do so. we know how to fight this, and we've shown that we're determined to fight this. >> the iranian president arrived in france on the second leg of his european tore. it is seen as a second step in the international stage and could result in big business deals from paris we have reports. >> in one of the most chic neighborhoods in paris, a shop is eyeing new markets far away in iran. the company produces beauty produced made from natural ingredients, exports already account for half its business. it sees big potential for selling to iran once international sanctions are lifted. it's surprisingly the seventh
largest market for cosmetics, iranian women are very sophisticated. even mont more so than french women. >> more than 100 firms took part from the wide range of industries including agriculture, pharmaceuticals and construction. tensions were formally lifted earlier this month after international monitors confirmed that tehran had complied with the terms of the deal, and iran is once again open for business. the return of iran to the international stage was made possible by a nuclear deal announced in july. the deal limits iran's enrichment capability and imposes strict monitoring. france took a particularly hard line during the negotiations. >> the only hostile power out there that iran needed to pacify
and was france. the u.s. with the obama administration did whatever it could to bring back iran. france was playing the bad-cop role, so it was important for iran to mend its relationship with france. >> and it was important for france, too, since valuable contracts are at stake. iran needs to update its fleet of passenger planes. it said it will buy 100 airbus. the french may be unhappy that president rouhani chose rome not pair race a paris as it's first stop in europe, but politically and economically will "t" will be a strategic partner. >> u.s. presidential hopeful donald trump has dropped out of
the tv debate. trump said he won't take part because it's being moderated by megyn kelly. he calls kelly a lightweight reporter and made disparaging remarks about her. >> megyn kelly should not be in the debate. when megyn kelly did not ask me a question she made a statement that i felt was appropriate. everyone said that i won the debate, the last debate, all of the debates. we've had six debates now. why should the networks continue getting rich on these debates. let's see how much money fox is going to make on the debate without me. okay, let's see. >> ahead on al jazeera, begging for a better life, trying to make a living on swedens streets. a parliamentary paint job, while m.ps may have to find a temporary new home.
>> a look at the top stories here on al jazeera. the politicians arrive in switzerland ahead of the peace talks, serious doubt build they'l whether they'll get under way. the fbi has just said it will continue removing a group from the wildlife preserve in oregon. eight from arrested during a shootout at a police road block. president rouhani in its third
visit in 17 years. the rights groups show that they violated hue ma humanitarian laws. it's been five years since protesters took to the streets to demand regime change. but the events that started resulted in poorer and fractured countries. >> they came in the thousands. yemen's capital sanaa echoed with the president's call to step down. protesters continue the demand.
it took more than a year, but ali abdullah saleh finally ste stepped down, but he did not go away. his family members continue to retain key positions especially in the armed force. president hadi faced bitter divisions, and his government failed to address the sectarian tensions. in addition to al-qaeda's threat in the southeast, the government had to contend with the shia houthi rebels in the north. emboldened by the political enfighting. they took control of the capital in sanaa. and eventually they forced out the elected government. in the meantime ali abdullah saleh returned to yemen and reformed an alliance with the houthies. the houthies released president abd rabbuh mansur hadi and his government members. in saudi arabia an international
coalition was formed to counter the houthies and as saudi arabia put it, to counter the iran-backed fighters in yemen. that was ten months ago and now 10,000 people have been killed. yemen population requires humanitarian assistance for 21 million people. the infrastructure including the airport in the capital has been reduced to rubble. it has caused an acute shortage of fuel and medicine. it's been five years since they have demanded their rights. now it's come down to a battle of survival. al jazeera. >> israel's prime minister has accused the u.n. secretary general of encouraging terrorism. ban ki-moon condemned the settlement expansion as provocative acts that violated international law. but benjamin netanyahu hit back saying that the u.n. had lost it's neutrality.
>> the words of the secretary general only bolster terrorism. there is no justification for terrorism period. the palestinian murderers do not want to build a state. they want to destroy a state and declare it publicly. the u.n. has long ago lost it's neutrality and moral powers and these words by the secretary general do not improve the situation. >> the united nations estimates as many as 40% of children in afghanistan are out of school because of poverty. in order to survive some children are forced to carry out hard labor. >> these children are forced into hard labor. working to make bricks to help their family pay off debts. everyone has to work. ththe young and old. >> i collect the broken bits of
the brick and put them together. my hands and feet hurt. >> this girl is 11. she says she wants to be at school. >> if we had an education it would be better than this. my head hurts a lot. >> their father tells me that he borrowed money from the brick factory own for cover the daily expenses of his family of 15. the family's entire income is less than $20 a day, which leaves them always needing to borrow more. he says that it hurts him to see his children suffer, but he has no other choice. you can find entire families working here making bricks, but the main working force are children. those who are under the age of ten get to work eight hours a day. those who are older than ten years a day, they have to work 13 hours a day. child labor in afghanistan is endemic. it's been illegal since 2003,
but families are desperate to send their children to work in order to survive. the government says it's aware of the problem and is trying to promote education and create jobs. the capital kabul, the situation is not any better. children work in many sectors as cheap labor force. government estimate 1.9 million children work across the country. >> the issue of child labor is a serious one. the responsibility lie with the government and families and we have to support the children. >> the child labor is a long established custom that is difficult to overcome. it is related to the country's lack of development and poverty. back in jalalabad these children work silently. they have to make 4,000 bricks a day. every brick bears their sweat and pain. al jazeera, jalalabad.
>> politicians in the u.k. could be forced to move out of its parliament building. the decision is expected for p m.p.s leave for the holiday in march. >> well, the palace of westminster is an unmistakable london landmark and over a million people pass through its doors every year. but it's in such a state that some people in parliament have called it a deathtrap since the 1800s. many areas such as roofing has been untouched. that has led to leaks and damaged stone work inside. there is pollution that has damaged exteriors. now the plan is to the upper house and the lower house be completely empty for a duration
of six years and moved to temporary locations. well, the plan that is most popular with members of parliament for their chamber of house of commons is to move to temporary structures in a court yard a yard that currently houses the department of health. now, it will cost $5 billion, u.s. that may sound astronomical, but it could take decades and cost $8 billion. even though huge figures are involved, it's unlikely to spark a new expense scandal here in britain. >> swede someone seeing and he increase in the number of beggars from eastern europe. the practice is legal but it has brought fierce public debate. the report looking at begging from around the world we have this report from stockholm.
>> it is not what you expect to see in wealthy sweden. beggars on many street corners in the capital of stockholm and in malmo in the south. many are lured to swede sweden. this woman said she's begging to send money back to her children in romania where she could not get work. >> i could do nothing else. i feel very, very shame. very, very shame. >> the swedish government is already struggling with the influx of refugees from syria and elsewhere has created a task force to look at the problem of roma beggars. >> we won't stand begging. but if you come to sweden you
must find a legal way of living. you cannot suddenly make a settlement in parks and private property. swedish law must be upheld. >> in an illegal camp on the outskirts of malmo, gina and her friends have been told that they'll be cleared by the police. protesters gather. some support the roma. others want them to leave. the eviction takes place in the middle of the night, and the political forces opposed to the roma beggars are gathering strength. >> these are sweden's parliament buildings. they come here to meet a member of parliament whose party is trying to make begging illegal. >> they are the sweden democrats, anti-immigrant growing in popularity. >> we already have seen how illegal settlements are spreading all over the country, and there are situations that
the swedish authorities have no control over. it's when we reach that scale of begging, when we have this kind of begging where you see citizens come to sweden, that's created a lot of problems. >> back at malmo, there is a staged sit-in outside of the opportune hall, but this is broken up. gina decides to stay but many do take up the offer although some say they intend to return to sweden. we can move beggars on, but as long as the poverty and discrimination, they will always come back. barnaby phillips, al jazeera, sweden. >> japan's emperor has received a warm welcome in the philippines. not everyone is happy. >> trying to make peace with the past, the emperor of japan welcomed warmly by the filipino
president aquino. showing the strides the two countries have made since the 1940ers when japan occupied the philippinesburg world war two. it was one of the darkest periods in filipino history. since then japan has become one of its closest friends, it's largest aid donors and investors. now they're deepening security ties, with shared concerns over china's maritime security, japan and the philippines have started conducting joint military exercises. there will be an exchange of information and transfer of military hardware from japan to the philippines. also in the works an agreement allowing the return of japanese troops. the possibility of japanese soldiers back in the philippines is a horrifying one, especially by these women. they were kept as sex slaves
during world war ii. 70 years on and they're still waiting for justice. >> she was 14 when she was taken from home and made a sex slave by the japanese imperial army. >> what happened to us during the war will happen to a new generation of women. that's why we strongly oppose the return of any soldiers. >> many filipinos are concerned over their government's moves to deepen security ties with large allies like the united states and japan. >> we view it with great apprehension. we appear to be going back to a situation--and we go into these agreements that jeopardize our situation, that jeopardize our aspiration for peace. >> peace is this japanese's emperor's message. he's here to also honor the war dead. but on the streets outside of the presidential palace some filipinos wonder why he can't do more to help restore the honor of those who survived the war.
al jazeera, manila. >> and just a quick run, you can always catch up with all the stories we're covering at our website www.aljazeera.com. and you can watch us live on there by clicking on the watch now icon. www.aljazeera.com. musician and activist, moby. >> glamorous dating, going to the right parties, et cetera, these can be fun, but they're not. they won't sustain you. it's like junk food or cocaine. >> he went from being a relative unknown to one of the most important electronic dance music pioneers. moby has made more than a dozen albums. the singer-songwriter has another set to come out in 2016. >> quite electronic,