Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 27, 2016 5:00pm-5:31pm EST

5:00 pm
>> syrian factions arrive in switzerland. there is still doubt about whether they'll entake place. >> i'm lauren taylor. this is al jazeera live from london. iran's president begins his french visit by telling business leaders his country is open for business. men occupying a wildlife preserve are arrested at a shootout. >> i'm in an argentina, in a region of new crisis but looking
5:01 pm
for new flavors. >> talks to find a political solution to end the war in syria are in trouble before they've even gun. factions have threatened boycott. who is going and who is not? the syrian government will be represented at the discussions in geneva. the syrian national coalition one of the main opposition groups said it won't make a decision on attending until thursday. most of the rebel factions fighting in syria form what is being called the higher negotiating committee written to the u.n. with a list of conditions taking part. a kurdish group, the pyd has not been invited. russia wants them there, but turkey calls them terrorists and won't speak to them. the islamic state in iraq and the levant and al nusra front is not involved in the talks. our diplomatic editser james bays reports. >> some opposition politicians have already arrived here in switzerland. political groups who are not on the list of opposition delegates
5:02 pm
drawn up in saudi arabia are staying in this hotel in the resort town of lausanne. some have received invites. others have not. the co-chair man of one of the largest kurdish groups, the pyd, a group turkey says is a terrorist entity. turkey's objections have clearly been heard by the u.n. he has not received an invitation. >> if really, they want a peace for syria, if they want any political solution for syria, and if they don't like maybe the same outcome o, all the syria should be included on the table, and they should negotiate if they have interest in syria and plans for serie-a. >> horse who now have got an invitation say they're
5:03 pm
considering whether to accept because their allies have been excluded. >> are you going to go to these talks that are supposed to start on friday? >> we hope to be present in the geneva talks with a strong and balanced allegation. it's very important to us and the syrian people. >> if the talks finally go ahead on friday, the controversy over invitations will have given them a difficult start. but that's almost nothing compared with the tasks they have ahead trying to end a war that's lasted almost five years and claimed more than 300,000 lives. james bays, al jazeera, lausan lausanne. >> well, this all comes as the united nations security council here hears that siege and starvation is still being used in syria. the 4.6 million people are in hard to reach areas, and 486,000 are trapped in besieged areas. they're urging those to attend the attacks this week to put
5:04 pm
people before politics. you have taken action on chemical weapons on serie- syria pup he haven't taken action recently to launch a political process. but for the millions of people trapped under siege, malnourished and lacking basic supplies, this council has not done enough. we've left those people with no hope. they believe that the world has forgotten them. as this conflict approaches it's sixth year, now is the time for those council members with influence on the parties to put their differences aside and come together at the most senior political levels to find ways to improve access to millions of syrians who remain trapped in besieged and hard to reach areas. the syrian people cannot wait any longer. >> sudan's state news agency is
5:05 pm
reporting that president omar al bashir has ordered that the country's border with south sudan be opened. it will be the first time since the south's successio secession in 2011. it comes after two years of civil war. open for business, that's what president hassan rouhani has told business leaders. they're calling on france not to ignore human rights record. >> in one of the most chic neighborhoods in paris a shop is eyeing new markets far away in iran. the company produces beauty products made from natural ingredients, exports already account for half its business.
5:06 pm
it sees big potential for selling to iran once international sanctions are lifted. >> it's surprisingly the seventh largest market in the world for cosmetics, particularly perfume and make up. iranian women are very sophisticated even more so than french women. >> her company is part of a french business delegation that visited iran in september. more than 100 firms took part from the wide range of industries, including agriculture, pharmaceuticals and construction. sanctions from formerly lifted this month after international monitors confirmed that tehran had complied with the terms of the deal. so after a long period of isolation iran is once again open for business. the return of iran to the international stage was made possible by a nurl deal announced in july. the deal limits iran's enrichment capability and
5:07 pm
imposes strict monitoring. france took a particularly hard line during the negotiations. >> the only hostile power that some how to pacify and was france. the u.s. with the obama administration did whatever it could to bring back iran. france was playing the bad-cop role, so it was important for iran to mend its relationship with france. >> and important for france, too, since valuable contracts are at stake. iran needs to upgrade its fleet of passenger planes. it says it will buy more than 100 from airbus, good news for french jobs. the french may be unhappy that president rue than any chose rome as not paris as the first stop on his european tour. the companies would mark the occasion by signing deals worth up to $18 billion. france will want to reassert itself at as a strategic partner
5:08 pm
with iran politically as well as financially. >> a plan to apply to those with dual national it was proposed after the paris attacks in november which left 130 people dead. >> i'm leaving the government because of major policies disagreements. i chose to be loyal to myself, my commitments, to my struggles, to my relationship with others. loyal to otherwis ourselves. we've learned to fight this, and we've given ourselves the means to do so. we know how to fight this, and we have shown we're determined to fight this. >> european commissions vice president said greece must fix serious deficiencies with its borders. they say if it doesn't it could face more border controls with other states in the free travel schengen zone.
5:09 pm
athens is criticized by some e e.u. countries by the way it has handled the refugee crisis. >> member states ask the commission to lay the ground works that will allow member states to allow border controls up to two years. we specifically discussed the draft schengen report based on november. the draft report concludes that greece seriously neglected its obligations and serious deficiencies in the cutting out of external border controls and dealt with by the greek authorities. >> the fbi said it will continue to try to remove an armed group occupying a wildlife reserve in the u.s. state of oregon. it's leader was killed and eight others arrested during a
5:10 pm
shootout. the police made their move on alan bundy and he's supporters when they traveled to a community meeting 110 miles north of burns. they've been occupying the wildlife reserve since january 2nd demanding that the land be handed over to local authorities. >> let me be clear. it is the actions and choices of the armed occupiers of the refuge that has led us to where we are today. they had ample opportunity to leave the refuge peacefully. as the fbi and our partners have clearly demonstrated actions are not without consequences. if the people on the refuge want to leave they're free to do so through the check points where they will be identified. >> the first confirmed case of the zika virus is being reported in argentina. it comes as brazil hallelujahs an awareness campaign of the dangers of the virus thought to
5:11 pm
be linked with birth defects. they will deploy 200,000 ropes to distribute pamphlets around the country. the virus has spread to 21 countries in the americas. although mainland chile has not been effected by the outbreak, a case has been confirmed on easter island earlier this month. lucia newman has this update. >> the regional leaders of all latin america are meeting in ecuador to see what they can do to deal with this virus, which has spread like wildfire and it has taken everyone off guard. they're talking about following brazil's example by sending soldiers out on to the streets attempting to destroy the breeding grounds of this mosquito that carries not only the zika virus but dengue. they're going to set up a task force and see how they can share
5:12 pm
experiences and share their scientists' findings as well to come up with an antidote to this virus. in the meantime all they can do is to ask or appeal to women not to become pregnant until this virus or rather the epidemic supply sides, which could take years. >> still todom. donald trump said he won't show up to a tv debate after a row with a network. and the multi million dollar paint job. while british mps will have to find a temporary new home.
5:13 pm
5:14 pm
5:15 pm
>> the top stories here on al jazeera. opposition politicians arrive in switzerland, ahead of syria peace talks. there are serious doubts whether talks will get under way with disagreements remaining about who is to be invited. the fbi said it will continue to remove an armed group occupying a wildlife reserve in the u.s. state of oregon. it comes we know one member of the group dies and eight others are arrested a during a shootout with the police.
5:16 pm
>> the u.k. which is supplies arms to saudi arabia denies it is directly involved in the yemen campaign. al jazeera has formerly launched arbitration proceedings against egypt as an international settlement run by the world bank. the claim is over what the network says is a breach of international law and the breach of egypt bilateral agreement. it follows a long and deliberate campaign by the egyptian government against the network. an international lawyer said this lawsuit is important for the rights of journalists around the world. >> most focus on the breach of the journalists right of freedom of expression where the egyptian authorities have broken the and breached every international agreement to which they are a party in addition to the violation of international law and other conversions.
5:17 pm
the highest number of conversions the egyptian authorities have broken is in this instance. >> falling oil prices and the cost of the war in isil is causing hard vip in iraq. for government combos that means a salary cut and they get paid every six weeks instead of mol molly. >> had woman works for the government in baghdad. she was happy to get a government job because it provides security and a steady paycheck--or she thought. the plummeting fall in the price of oil has caused a restructuring of the state's finances. that means a 25% pay cut for layla, and she gets paid every 45 days instead of monthly. >> most of the employees are totally dependent on these salaries. so the government is effectively forcing people to seek other options maybe even terrorism.
5:18 pm
>> government leaders say that as soon as oil prices rise salaries will be restored to previous levels and payments back dated. that cost will be huge. iraqi's society heavily depends on government jobs. >> 4.5 million people are on the state payroll and 3.7 million people receive state pension. any cuts in those pensions, any cuts in those payrolls means that there is a direct impact in places like this, iraq's market and the ability for iraqis to be able to feed themselves and take care of themselves. >> this salesman said that shoppers are not buying as much as they used to. >> the purchase power for people has declined because of the ussterty measures implemented by the government. people used to buy extra but now they don't. people are trying to save as much money as they can in case times get tougher.
5:19 pm
>> economists say that fear is well founded. >> state employees have a right to be afraid of their salaries. the government's actions are mounting fear and pressure on civil servants. it coincides with the fast pacing economic developments that overshadows iraq's economic situation. these fears will continue. >> even the those optimistic assessment say that iraqis face tough times ahead for the next 12 months at least. when the cost of war is factored in that effects the balance of power. >> at least ten people have been killed in more dozen have been left injured after a suicide-bomb attack in nigeria. five women are thought to have detonated their devices at the reopening of a market that had been closed because it became a target for boko haram attacks.
5:20 pm
cibruk is where 300 girls were taken from their school in 2014. israel's prime minister has accused the u.n. secretary general of encouraging terrorism. ban ki-moon condemned israeli settlement expansion as provocative acts that are against international law these words by the secretary general do not improve the situation. >> there has been widespread flooding training power supplies in the territory. roads became impassable and homes evacuated after heavy
5:21 pm
rain hit the region. in the south several people were killed in the flooding. as many as 40% in afghanistan are out of school because of poverty. north to survive some families are forced to make their children carry out hard labor. we have reports from jalalabad. >> these children are forced into hard labor. working to make bricks to help their family pay off debts. everyone has to work. the young and old. this boy is only eight. >> i collect the broken bits of the brick and put them together. my hands and feet hurt. >> this girl is 11. she says she wants to be at school. >> if we have an education it would be better than this. my head hurts a lot. >> their father tells me that he borrowed money from the brick
5:22 pm
factory owner to cover the daily expenses of his family of 15. the families' entire income is less than $20 a day, which leaves them always needing to borrow more. he said it hurts him to see his children suffer, but he has no other choice. you can find entire families working here making bricks, but the main working force are children. those who are under the age of 10 get to work eight hours a day. those who are over ten years old they have to work 13 hours a day. >> child labor in afghanistan is endemic. it's been illegal since 2003, but families are desperate to send their children to work in order to survive. the government says it's aware of the problem and is trying to promote education and create jobs. in kabul the situation is not any better. children are found working in
5:23 pm
many sectors as cheap labor force. governments estimate 1.9 million children work around the count country. >> the sways is a serious one. the government has the help of the international community to support the children. >> child labor is part of the custom that is difficult to over come. it is related to the country's lack of development and poverty. in jalalabad these children work silently. they have to make 4,000 bricks a day. every brick bears their sweat and pain. al jazeera, jalalabad. >> vietnam's ruling communist patriot has re-elected it's general secretary. the 71-year-old was the only candidate in the contest after the current reformist prime minister pulled out on monday. the verdict was held behind closed doors.
5:24 pm
u.s. presidential hopeful donald trump has pulled out of the tv debate with one week to go before the iowa caucus. trump said he won't take part because it's being moderated by fox news megyn kelly. he calls her a lightweight reporter and made disparaging remarks about her. >> megyn kelly should not be in the debate. i don't care about megyn kelly. when she didn't ask me a question she made a statement last time. i thought it was inappropriate. everybody said i won the debate. everyone said that i won the last debate. i've won all of the debates. we've had six debates now. why should the network continue to get rich on these debates. let's see how much money fox will make in the debate without me. >> it's been nine years since am apple has launched the iphone and it is expected to suffer its first-ever sales drop
5:25 pm
. the final three months of last year apple sold 74.8 million iphones. politicians in the u.k. could be forced to move out of their historic parliament building. renovation also cost up to $8 billion. from westminster we have the report. >> the palace of westminster is an unmistaken london landmark and over a million people pass through its doors every year. but it's in such a state that some people have called it a deathtrap since it was completed in the 1800s. many of its features like the cast iron roofing has been virtually untouched. that has led to erosion and leaks which has damaged some of the stone work inside. and there is pollution that has damaged ex-tear years. now the latest plan is planning
5:26 pm
the upper house, the house of lords, and the lower house, the house of commons, be completely empty at the same time for the duration of six years and moved to temporary locations. the plan most popular with members of popular for the house of commons to move to temporary structures in a court yard of a building that currently houses the department of health. the advantage would be that it meets security requirements and would be the cheapest way of doing things. $5billion u.s. dollars. that might sound astro numbercal, but it could take decades and cost $8 billion. although huge figures are involved, they're unlikely to spark a new expense scandal in britain. >> fruit growers face major competition from big countries
5:27 pm
like monsanto who brace in buenos aires--who operates in buenos aires. >> this is the heart of argentina's fruit growing region. but it's different here. these pickers are working for an argentine company founded 15 years ago. nearly all its produce goes abroad, mostly to the united states since it is organic, and the organic market in argentina hardly exists. it is a country where genetically modified crops rule. >> neighbors are a very important aspects, how you relate to them. how they relate to you. it is one of the most important challenges especially in certain areas, and around the city of buenos aires where mostly monsantos and their friends and other mgos are a big challenge. >> it all looks rosy in this
5:28 pm
orchard but argentina's fruit industry is in crisis. hundreds of small growers have gone under or surviving producers are protesting. last week dumping rotten apples outside of state buildings, calling on the government to fulfill its promise to support small fruit producers. >> we're reaching new markets, finding the organic niche has helped our company. >> companies work with the north trying to provide a fresh model in the midst of turmoil. >> it's labor intensive using methods that have not changed in generations. but while the rest of the industry is in crisis, these workers are not just earning for themselves and their families, but providing for the wider community.
5:29 pm
louis has spent 40 years in the fruit industry, the first half working with chemicals. he said that organic is no more difficult. he said the emphasis is in preventing disease. he and his colleagues are working for the community. >> all the farm work is meet, and we wonder what to do with the profit. we gave to institutions here and up north. >> and renovations of this old people's home in a nearby town as well as machinery for the local fire brigade and hospitals. these are williams pears with more varieties and apples to follow. they'll be sent to north america. argentines won't taste them. >> plenty of more details with all the stories we're reporting
5:30 pm
on our website. the address for that is the details there of the stand off still going on in oregon. and news conference earlier the fbi said that the people were free to leave the refuge and said they will be identified at checkpoint by law enforcement. [ beep ] me. >> what we heard in the videos made us get to a plane to michigan. it was the starting point of our investigation in to the treatment of youth in the adult criminal justice system. >> we are now on the record. this goes the videotape deposition of john doe number one. >> and it began with an inmate that we'll be referring to as john doe one. 1