shot dead one of the protesters occupying a wildlife refuge. ♪ hello the syrian government delegati delegation has arrived in geneva for talks aimed attening the syrian war. but some of the opposition groups say they want an end to air strikes and a call for the lifting of sieges. syrian demonstrators outside of the u.n. are pushing for more international action to stop the conflicts. james bayes is in geneva for those talks and joins us live. do we know if any of the syrian opposition representatives are actually on their way to switzerland? >> reporter: we are hearing that come will be making their way, but we have been getting very confusing and conflicting reports out of riyadh for some
hours, and it seems the plane has not taken off at this stage. so what we have right now in geneva is just one of the main delegations here and that's the syrian government delegation in the country, not quite in the u.n., but take a look around us where we are. you can see the microphones set up, you can see the u.n. officials by the door. they are here to welcome the syrian government delegation in just the next fewing minutes. the press are here, hundreds of journalists from all over the world to watch the arrival of one side in this peace talks process. what we're expecting felicity in the next few minutes is syria's ambassador to the united nations in new york who is leading their delegation to come through those doors and come to speak to reporters. we think he will say a few words before he heads up the staircase to see staffan de mistura.
in fact we're seeing some cars, i think, arriving. let's hope this is the right one. and i think we're going to see the syrian delegation. i don't yet see the ambassador -- yes, i do. there he is. the very tall man in the middle. that is syria's ambassador to the negotiations. the actual dead of delegation is the deputy foreign minister, but he has had heart surgery in a few days. he is coming to say a few words to us, i think. ambassador, could you have a few words with us? thank you, ambassador. there we are, the syrian ambassador to the united nations, and this is the start of the talks process, but clearly not much negotiation.
clearly he'll make his government's position clear to the special envoy but no one really to negotiate with. there are some opposition politicians, but not that key block in riyadh, which includes the main political figures, and some of the main fighting groups. as you can see the journalists are going to file the picture of him arriving. chaos as is always the case in these circumstances. people go to file their pictures. he said when he went up the stairs he would speak to us afterwards. of course when that meeting is over, we'll carry those comments live on al jazeera. and we understand that staffan de mistura is also going to address the press. >> james bayes in geneva, thank you. ♪
at least four people have been killed in a shooting inside a shiite mosque in saudi arabia. it happened during friday prayers in the eastern region. 18 other people were hurt. saudi authorities have arrested a second person who was reportedly wearing a suicide vest. no one has claimed responsibility for that attack. a senior columnist after the saudi gazette, and says they were questions one of the shooters. >> there was two shooters. one of them was trying to get into the mosque, but was stopped by the security officers, and they -- when they found he had something wrong about him, they tried to capture him, so he ran away, and they cut him. they warned him and cut him alive. the other one managed to get in and shoot at the -- at
the -- the people inside the mosque. between the last sermon and [ inaudible ]. and they managed to -- also to warn him with the help of the people in the mosque, and they -- they -- they killed him at the end. so one of the shooters was killed. the other was captured wounded, and hopefully he will lead to the security forces other leads. the united nations is investigating new allegations of child abuse by european soldiers and u.n. peace keepers in central african republic. the cases involve minors aged between 7 and 16. some of the alleged victims identified french and georgian troops as their abusers. a spokesman for the u.n. high commission for human rights has promised a full investigation. >> these are of course extremely serious accusations, and it's
crucial these cases are thoroughly investigated. we are heartened from the initial response, we have received from the countries concerned as well as the european union, which shows that they take these allegations very seriously. we will continue to closely follow up on these cases and any others which emerge, as the u.n. team on the ground continues its investigation. >> gabriel elizondo has this update. >> reporter: there are a lot of new allegations, and i want to run down what we know as of right now. there are currently two new allegations of sexual misconduct by french troops in the central african republic. these allegations date back to 2014, but just came to light now. there are also four new cases alleged wrongdoing by e.u. troops in the central african republic. these came to light also
recently, also date back to 2014. it was apparently four young girls, teenagers, all of whom said they were sexually abused by e.u. troops. three of the girls pointed the finger at georgian contingent of troops. we are also hearing new information that the u.n. has confirmed that they -- as part of this investigation have also have new allegations of sexual misconduct by u.n. peace keepers themselves. while the u.n. has not released any information about this, sources tell al jazeera that there are five new allegations of sexual misconduct by u.n. peace keepers in central african republic, and they are peace keepers from morocco, niger, the democratic republic of the congo, and senegal. we expect to hear more from the
u.n. about this in the coming hours. 96 refugees and migrants have been rescued from an uninhabited greek island. the group mainly from syria and iraq, and containing many families with young children had waited ashore, and spent the night on a beach. they were rescued and taken to the greek port. it has been the deadliest week in the aegean sea with 80 dead this week alone. >> there weren't this many deaths last year until the middle of september. we're here now at the end of january, already 218 deaths on that route, and deaths in the central mediterranean have been picking up in the last couple of days.
angela merkel is leading the charge as public opinion on refugees changes. dominican republic takes a look at some of the challenges. >> reporter: their struggle to get to germany is over. now the main task is to learn a new language. safely installed in a classroom, these syrians are glad to have left their country's troubles behind. >> translator: i came here to have a peaceful life. it feels good. i have security. and i have the peace i have been longing for, but it was hard to leave home and family. >> reporter: the teacher came to germany herself 12 years ago from dubai. she says her experiences made her want to help these people integrate. but in recent months things have gotten much tougher. she says the attacks on women in cologne on new year's eve have changed everything. >> there were a lot more german
people that were excited at the thought of having refugees here in the beginning than they are now. telling a german now that more refugees are coming is like slapping them in any face. >> reporter: for the first time a majority of germans believe their country cannot cope with the refugee influx. more than two-thirds expect crime will rise as a result. and nearly three-quarters favor tougher laws for dealing with asylum seekers who commit crimes. that is a particular concern for social workers like this man. he gives advice to new refugees and migrants in an area of berlin. he believes one problem is that though most of the recent arrivals are liking to integrate into society, other new arrivals want to prey on it. >> translator: there are people that want to live here and
enrich our society, and we have people that are hostile through their actions. it's not only that money plays a role, but also that they are hostile and dishonest. >> reporter: angela merkel's view on refugee policy has long been we can do it. but now several senior members of her own party are openly disagreeing and demanding radical changes, whether they get them, may well depend on public opinion, and the first key test of that will come in six week's time, when three states hold parliamentary elections. still to come on the program, republican presidential hopefuls square off in a televised debate. but the front runner by -- boycotts the event.
♪ hello again, welcome back and reminder of the top stories. syria's ambassador to the u.n. arrives in geneva for talks aimed attending war. and the u.n. is promising full investigation following claims of sexual abuse by european soldiers in central african republic. the african union's peace and security council is meeting in ethiopia to discuss matters effects the content.
heads of state will be investigating the need to send peace keepers to burundi. catherine soi sent this update. >> reporter: the heads of state will be meeting in this hall, will be considering a report that will be abled by the chairperson on [ inaudible ] on the situation in burundi. and they are going to be talking about the deployment of au peace keepers to burundi. this is a very controversial issue. the burundi government has rejected the move. so they will consider the option of sending in troops even without the consent of the government. there are provisions that mandate the au to do this. a lot of people who follow
burundi affairs and the au affairs will tell you that many heads of state will be reluctant to do such a move, because burundi has an elected government, an elected president, even if those elections are contested. so perhaps what the heads of state will do is to call for a more aggressive -- for an all inclusive talks, a political dialogue that will be able to move any country forward, lobby groups and human rights groups as well are calling for targeted sanctions, perhaps suspension from the au. so it will be very interesting to see what kinds of positions will come from this meeting. two journalists working for france's newspaper is burundi have been released by police.
police arrested moore and four others during raids in the capitol. the other man was arrested when he asked where his colleague was. an exodus of people from mali has lead to many problems as caroline malone reports? . >> reporter: like many malians this man in the white jacket wants to go somewhere where he can make a living. >> translator: we reached the first check point. they arrested us and asked each person to pay $17. >> reporter: smugglers charge a hefty fee for people taking this route. no doubt paying some brides along the way. it can cost a traveler thousands
of dollars. the migrants say they are being scammed. >> translator: i have been the driver as he was the only one that was not searched. he was not searched, nor was his assistant. >> reporter: conflict, extreme weather and chronic poverty mean people are in need of humanitarian aid. but there are other nationalities on this stretch of desert road, including syrians who have already traveled a long way to get here, after escaping war in their own country. >> translator: we do not want to go to europe. we only want to go to a place where we can live peacefully. we want a place to live, eat, and drink. that's all. >> reporter: then there are people headed back to mali. so after a year of trying to escape troubles at home, they have had to return. caroline malone, al jazeera.
the dutch air force is to start bombing the islamic state of iraq and the levant in syria after the government decided to boost its role in the u.s.-lead coalition. a squadron of six jets are currently targeting isil in iraq. four planes will now be deployed to syria until at least july 1st. there has been a setback for refugees children wanting to be reunited with their families in the u.k. from the french refugees camp in calais. last week the judge ruled that three children and a disabled man could go to the u.k. because their safety was at risk. it was thought the initial ruling would set a precedent, but the most recent decision will now slow down anymore cases. >> we believe there are a few young people that fit the bill that have the same criteria as
the ones who have been given access to appeal in the same way. so we will continue to do that with a handful of children that this applies to. republican presidential contenders in the u.s. have squared off in their last debate before monday's vote in iowa state. that is the first contest in what is expected to be a drawn-out struggle for the party nomination. alan fisher reports. >> reporter: the final debate before the first vote, and the biggest name, the front runner, missing. doppler don's no-show had to be the subject of the first question. >> let me say i'm a maniac, and everyone on this stage is stupid, fat, and ugly, and ben, you are a terrible surgeon. [ laughter ] >> now that we have gotten the donald trump portion out of the way. [ laughter ] >> reporter: as trump and cruz top the iowa polls this is shaping up to be a battle between outsiders like them, and the republican establishment, a wing being lead by marco rieb
you. >> donald trump is an entertaining guy. but this campaign is about the greatest country in the world, and a president who has systematically destroyed many of the things that made america social. >> reporter: donald trump held his own event at the same time across town. >> you have to stick up for your rights. when you are treated badly, you have to stick up for your rights. [ cheers and applause ] >> you have to do it, and whether we like it or not, whether it's something we want to do or not -- and that's what our country has to do. as an example, iran, the way they have been treating us. this deal is one of the worst deals i have never seen negotiated under any circumstances, and we just take it. >> reporter: there were several loud protests in the hall. >> now we move on to the topic of immigration.
>> reporter: back at the official event, one of the most spirited parts of the debate, the question of immigration, and if candidates had switched position over offering a path to citizenship for undocumented workers. >> when that battle was waged senator rubio chose to stand with barack obama and others and support amnesty. >> the truth is out there this campaign you have been willing to say or do anything in order to get votes. you worked for george w. bush's campaign, his immigration policy. >> reporter: this is a night that shows how bizarre this campaign has been. on one channel almost all of the candidates arguying their case, explaining why they should get votes. and on almost every other channel the main contending putting forth reasons why he was not at the debate. he claims he has raised almost $6 million for charities. but the more important counting are the votes here in iowa on
monday. alan fisher, al jazeera, in da mean. four people remain on the u.s. wildlife refuge taken over by an armed group earlier this month. the fbi has released a video said to show how one member was shot dead by police officers. kristen saloomey reports. >> reporter: the fbi says it released this video to dispel information about what lead to the death of the spokesman for the occupiers seen here at the national wildlife refuge. two weeks are seen stopping at the roadblock, established by oregon state troopers. he is driving the white pickup. militia leader ammon bundy is a passenger in the jeep. one person who left the truck can be seen in the lower right of the screen with his hands in the air. nearly four minutes passed as the agents demanded that the others surrender. then the spokesman speeds off.
>> there is a spike strip across the road, but it appears he missed it, as he attempted to drive around the roadblock. he nearly hits an fbi age epg as he maneuvers to the left. and the truck gets stuck in a snow bank. >> reporter: that's when he gets out and reaches in his jacket. >> we did everything we could to bring this to a peaceful resolution. second, we waited a very long time; that we were able to get one individual out of that truck safely back and in custody. >> reporter: fbi officials say know the occupation has caused disruption and stress for local residents. they say negotiators are working around the clock to get those remaining out of there safely and quickly. just four people remain.
who have posted in videos that they will leave with assurances that they won't be arrested. speaking through his attorney, their jailed later called on them to leave. >> my message still remains, turn yourselves in. do not use physical force. use the national platform that we have to continue to defend liberty. >> reporter: he vowed to continue their fight for local control of federal lands through the courts. kristen saloomey, al jazeera, burns, oregon. brazil's president has declared war on the mosquito spreading the zika virus. with no vaccine yet, she has called on brazilians to fight mosquito infestations. the zika virus has been linked to severe brain defects in thousands of babies born in
brazil. china has changed its wildlife laws that would allow captive breeding of wild animals for commercial use. >> reporter: once running free, now in captivity, the siberian tiger and the south china tiger used to roam china in much larger numbers. but only dozens of his superspecies are estimated to survive in the wild. now for the first time in 26 years, china is revising its law on wildlife protection, but conservationists say some of the proposed amendments are worrying, in particular a provision that allows wildlife to be hunted for captive breeding and other special purposes. >> captive breeding for wild animals not natural, and also they are going to probably damage the wild population of the wild animals. >> reporter: captive animals
cannot contribute to a healthy gene pool. there is also pressure to poach in the wild for spesys that do not breed successfully in captivity. they are also worried about the commercial use of wildlife resources. existing law makes it a crime to consume rare and endangered species, but a black market already exists worldwide. wild animal parts are sought after for use in traditional medicine, as am mu lets, or mere decoration. conservationists fear that allow that allowing commercialization of wildlife sources will only increase demand. they say there are some good points in the draft law, it spells out that animal's hab tickets are to be protected.
but on the whole is vague and unhelpful, and could leave some species even more vulnerable than before. the u.k. prime minister is in brussels for renegotiations of his nation's relationship within the european union. and he says progress is being made. cameron is meeting the e.u. chief to discuss a number of concessions, including a delay on e.u. workers receiving u.k. government benefits. the u.k. is due to hold a referendum on staying in the european union probably this year, with the no camp currently slightly ahead in the polls. angela merkel has been meeting with italy's prime to discussion europe's refugee crisis. she has again urged a payment to turkey to help support refugees.
that is currently being blocked in parliament. you can catch up with the very latest on our website. the address as ever is aljazeera.com. aljazeera.com. the best place for your news and sport. ♪ the truth is, ted, throughout this campaign, you have been willing to say or do anything to get votes. >> g.o.p. presidential hopefuls making a final push before iowa. disappointing numbers for the u.s. economy in any fourth quarter. new video reveals what happened during a fatal shootout with oregon protesters. and police