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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  January 30, 2016 8:00pm-9:01pm EST

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this is al jazeera america with a look at today's top stories. syrian refugees drowning at sea, children among the dead. we take a deeper look at the growing anti refugee backlash in europe and the push to send back hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers. just two days to go before the iowa caucuses. the candidates are crisscrossing
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the state for support. also the zika virus, colombia reporting two thousand women now infected with the illness the journey for dozens of refugees headed to europe ended in tragedy today. at least 39 refugees drowned trying to cross the sea from turkey to greece. many victims believed to be from syria. the turkish government saying a boat carrying more than a hundred people sank today after hitting rocks. some of the images in this next report are graphic. >> reporter: they are casualties of war and poverty. among them a small child, other children and adults too washed up on a beach in turkey. their boat had had sunk not far from the rocks. in all, about a third of the 120
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people on board didn't make it, drowning as they tried to reach greece, a gateway to europe used by so many before thing. all this as politicians in geneva gather for talks to try to end the nearly five-year long war. >> we will save you. don't worry. >> reporter: overnight another group of refugees tried to make the journey. the italian coast guard spotted people stranded on rocks near the greek island of lesbos. against the darkness of the night, the only light came from the rescue boat. it was a daring operation with divers trying to reassure the men, women and children that they would be rescued. eventually they were pumd aboard, bsh bsh pulled abackyard, cold, frightened but
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safe. more than a million refugees and migrants have travelled to europe during the last year. the cold winter weather hasn't stopped people coming. and neither have the conflicts that have driven so many who take the risk of making these journeys in the united kingdom the debate over immigration grew violent in the streets today. there were angry scenes of pushing and shoving in the port city of dover. it was against immigration. brick bombs were thrown and several people were arrested. there were also clashes in stokholm today. one man was arrested for punching and undercover police officer in the face. security was tighter than usual one day after a mass mob went on a rampage threatening migrants. two arrests were made in that
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incident. more than 160,000 asylum seekers were taken in to sweden last year. an gem amerkel now-- angela merkel says refugees must leave eventually. >> translation: considering all we are doing in terms of integration, which i support, because we don't know when the war will be over, we need to tell people that they have a temporary permit to stay and we expect that when peace is achieved in syria and when i.s.i.s. is defeated in iraq, that you will return home with the knowledge you gained here in just a few minutes, a deeper look at europe's refugee crisis. what is driving the growing anti refugee sentiment taking hold in some european countries coming up. now to the iowa caucuses. democratic and republican
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candidates are making their final push for votes on monday night. it is now in full swing. the register released its predicted poll in what is considered the gold standard of predicting victory in iowa and it shows a slim lead for hillary clinton over bernie sanders with 45% of those polled voting for clinton, 32% for sanders. martin o'malley is in third place with 3%. on the republican side it is predicting victory for donald trump 28%, ted cruz with 23% and marco rubio third with 15%. al jazeera's chief political correspondent joins us. michael, what do you make of these results? any surprises there for you? >> reporter: i was saying earlier i think that the biggest supplies for me is that ben carson, even though he is in fourth place, is still holding 10% of the voters in that poll.
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that means that his vote could go elsewhere or he could start attracting other voters and making himself possibly in third place. it's hard to see, but ted cruz, marco rubio and donald trump all want a piece of what they see as a crumbling campaign. this really just confirms what we have seen on the other side. we see a tightening of that race. a lot will come down to where and how many of the bernie sanders supporters are willing to take that passion to the caucus. it seems even anecdotally that a lot of them are ready to do that before we talk more about the candidates, let's talk about the import or lack there of, of the iowa caucuses. it is a myth that it picks presidential candidates, but not really. correct? >> right. fist, the myth-- first of all, the myth is that if you're in iowa, it means you're invinsible and indestructible. it does put some people on the
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political map. i don't think we had heard ben carson's name or seen this kind of a surge from bernie sanders were it not in a state like iowa where he can be so accessible to so many universities and white liberals who make up a big part of democratic voting block here. the democratic caucus and the republican caucus don't necessarily see winners. you had mike huckabeeing win it and . it is about taking people out of the race. it may not do that here as much this year. you may seem mike huckabeeing, perhaps, rick santorum leave the race on tuesday, but you're not going to see a big exodus from this race until after new hampshire and maybe even after south carolina we could even see the winner of the caucus in a different state of delegates come the state convention.
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>> reporter: that's how it used to be. the republicans this summer changed those rules a little bit. so it's going to be this time that what you got in the caucuses is not going to matter when they go to the district, nor to the state convention. it changed this year. that's why the republicans are counting on this as being indicative of who the voters want. it's no about that but the momentum that some people can take out of iowa. if ted cruz up set did donald trump he could take that further let's talk about the new york times, its endorsement for hillary clinton obviously significant for her, but on the other hand she is dealing with the whole issue of those emails whilst she was secretary of state. >> reporter: that's exactly right. it remains to be seen how important newspaper endorsements are. campaigns like to talk about
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them. they did certainly hold a lot of sway in past elections. john kerry got the endorsement here of the register when he was running in 2004. it favor him a huge bump going into the race, but that was then. now people don't rm on that as much. the stories that the new york times is running about those emails probably has more of an impact than the actual editorial board saying they entors hillary clinton. john kasich got that endorsement which is not what republicans want. today he says he doesn't mine when anybody says something nice about him but that's not something that they want to get with john kasich in single digits i suppose any mention at all is a good mention. talk to me-- >> that's true talk to me about bernie sanders. did anyone see this coming two months ago? he is in a statistical tie with a margin of error of 4% with this latest poll. >> he is, indeed.
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his surge here is surprising. he has been holding a lead in new hampshire for quite a while. what people are wary of is that his campaigning has been done in three or four different places, mainly college towns. johnson county where the university of iowa is, huge crowds, lots of passion and first-time voters. they only make up 21% combined of the democratic caucus. he needs to spread out. hillary clinton thinks she has covered those places by campaigning throughout the state. yes, indeed, it is surprising to see him as close to hillary clinton and to also be seeing a little bit of history repeating itself here in iowa eight years after it did the same with obama and hillary clinton here. a big lead that just shrank how was donald trump's ground game?
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>> reporter: i think the grounds game, of course, is something that you want to talk about with donald trump. he does not have the kind of organization that other campaigns have. he is banking on something that the others don't, which is that celebrity factor, that well-known factor. the event for veterans the other night, a lot of people talking to me saying they like him because he is like nobody else across town debating right now. they don't care if people are knocking on their doors or getting at much literature from him, they like what he is saying and they like that he will stand up for people in a way that they haven't seen a politician to do that before. it remains to be seen how that goes, but a loss here could be devastating to that campaign counting momentum going the rest of the way. so the circus as it is being called is fun to watch thank you for your excellent reporting as always.
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tomorrow night in our sunday night look at the week ahead religion and the 2016 campaign, the role of the faith in the race for the white house. it is the scandal that will not go away for presidential candidate hillary clinton. her use of the private server during her time as secretary of state. yesterday the state department said that 22 of the emails found on that server are so sensitive they will not be released. al jazeera's correspondent has more. >> reporter: the hillary clinton campaign is calling for the release of those top secret emails knowing that they've been marked top secret that will never have them. the stories do not add up. one year ago when it was revealed she was using a private email server, we were told there was nothing sensitive on those. in fact, now the state department itself says 22 emails contain closely guarded government secrets. her republican opponents are seizing on this saying that further investigation should be
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done as to whether the former secretary of state broke the law >> hillary clinton is disqualified from being president. she is disqualified. this thing with her emails is a big deal. just yesterday they couldn't release all her emails. do you know why? you read this. because some of the emails are so sensitive, so classified that they can't release them. it would be damaging to release them. what else do we need to know? i can tell you this, she thinks she is above the law. she believes that she is above the law >> reporter: are the problem for the clinton campaign is how again the issue of trust for hillary clinton has consistently scored low in the minds of voters. there is two days before the nominating contest here where many people have made their minds up and may not be influenced by these new revelations. at the same time, however, it is expected to have an impact on the next nominating contest in
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new hampshire where she trails as well as when it comes to the general election where her republican opponents are certain to seize on this controversy and say that this is a reason she, if she is the democrating nominee, should not be president president obama will visit a baltimore mosque this week in support of religious freedom. the president will meet with muslim leaders on wednesday at a time when public sentiment in america against the faith seems to be growing. the president has called on americans to reject anti muslim comments made by presidential hopefuls, particularly donald trump. this will be mr obama's first presidential visit to an american mosque. despite repeated warnings, a russian jet once again crossed into turkish airspace friday. the turkish foreign ministry has summoned the russian ambassador to discuss the incident. the pilot was warned in russian and english before the breach. turkey shot down a russian
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fighter jet that violated its airspace in november. more on friday's incident and turkey's response. >> reporter: in their statement they describe this incident as "yet another example of russian escalatory behaviour". even the president erdogan said that this was an attempt by russia to escalate tensions in the region. the turkish foreign ministry said that the plane violated its airspace on friday. they summoned the russian ambassador, they protested the action, they condemned the action. we have to refer tensions were at an all time high, really. just a few weeks ago in november when the turkish air force shot down a russian jet. now, russia did not respond militarily. there was a war of words, but russia took severe actions. it imposed economic sanctions on turkey and it took a number of actions inside syria which
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really tied turkey's hands inside syria. we have to remember these two powers are on the opposing device sz in the syrian conflict. this is a dangerous situation. we have heard statements from n.a.t.o. further north another jet is accused of making a risky maneuver. it buzzed a spy plane over the black sea on monday. the pentagon says the maneuver threatened the safety of the american crew. tensions are mounting in the territorial dispute in the south china sea. today a u.s. navy destroyer sailed within 12 nautical miles of an island which china, taiwan and vietnam all claim as their own. the pentagon said the vessel was trying to ensure the ability to freely navigate those waters where each year five trillion dollars of world trade passes through. china's claims to most of the south china sea are disputed by
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other countries in the region. now, to the war in syria. u.n. organisers are optimistic for a start to peace talks now that the main opposition group has raised in geneva. meanwhile, air strikes in syria continue. amateur video released today show jets bombing targets in the city of homs. no word yet on casualties. before today the delegates had insisted on a halt to syrian and russian air strikes as a precondition for attending the talks. al jazeera's correspondent has more on the negotiations from geneva. >> reporter: my understanding is that the opposition team has 17 members. that sounds like a big delegation, but i'm also told at this stage this is not a negotiating team. they decided to travel here from saudi arabia after several conversations that they had with the united nations. i'm told they also spoke to the russians and they spoke to the u.s. and i'm told it is
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following assurances, verbal assurances, given by the u.s. secretary of state john kerry that they decided to get on the flight to come here. they were told some of their concerns were going to be addressed. there would be some measures taken following their demands that they have made before they are going to take part in any negotiations. they will come here, they are going to meet, i believe, u.n. officials and then they're going to take stock and see whether they have got what they've been told they're going to get when they come here and then they will decide whether to take part in actual negotiations here in gen ooech a - shall geneva still happy, we will take a look at the growing refugee crisis in europe, a struggle for more than a million asylum seekers to assimilate and the bark lash many are suffering because of crime linked to some of the new comers. then later, have you had any run-ins with the law?
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some universities are asking prospective students that question and some say it's way out of line. a serious virus is spreading at an alarming rate. new cases of the zika virus which may cause severe birth defects are turning up every detail. details coming up.
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europe is currently home to more than 1 million refugees who travelled there in the past year
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and more continue to arrive every day. tonight we take a deeper look at that crisis, one that dominated headlines last summer but has received less attention in recent months. now amid growing anti refugee sentiment there are efforts to put a stop to europe's steady stream of asylum seekers. german chancellor said that most syrian and iraqi refugees will be sent home once the conflict in their homes are over. daen issue police have been directed to consequence consequence any indicate valuables-- confiscate valuables from refugees. human rights this week criticized leader scapegoating asylum seekers. a report on the struggles of refugees who are trying to find a new home in an increasingly
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hostile environment. >> reporter: their struggle to get to germany is over. now the main task is to learn a new language. safely installed in a classroom here, these syrians are glad to have left their country's troubles behind. >> translation: i came here to have a peaceful life. it feels good. i have security and i have the peace i've been longing for but it was hard to leave home and family. >> reporter: the refugees' teacher is ms smith. she came to germany herself 12 years ago from dubai. she says her experiences made her want to help these people integrate. in recent months things have got much tougher. she says the attacks on women in cologne on new year's eve have changed everything. >> there were a lot more people, german people, that were excited at the thought of having refugees here in the beginning
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than they are now. telling a german nowadays that more refugees are coming is like slapping them in the face. >> reporter: an opinion poll seems to bear this out. jer mans believe their country cannot cope with the refugee influx. more than two-thirds think crime will rise as a result. that is a particular concern for social workers like this man. he gives advice to new refugees and migrants in berlin. he believes one problem is that most of the recent arrivals are looking to integrate into society. other new arrivals want to pray on it. >> translation: there are people that want to live here and enrich our society and we have people that are hostile through their actions. it is not only that money plays a role, but also that they are
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hostile and dishonest. >> reporter: angela merkel's view on refugee policy is we can do it. now several senior members of her own party are urging for radical changes. whether they get them depends on public opinion and the first test of that is in six weeks time when three states hold parliamentary elections joining me tonight in the studio is a physician and assistant professor in maintain sinai hospital another another officer for save the children. the first question to you, you just returned from visiting refugee camps along the syrian-turkey border. can you describe what conditions are like in those camps? >> well, first of all i was mainly training doctors who came
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out of syria into turkey to the border. i'm training them in trauma, in siege, in starvation, in malnutrition. at the same time just watching as thousands of families left syria because of the ongoing government air strikes. i watched people leave turkey to get on boats at 1 o'clock in the morning. in this situation where i'm trying to support people who have stayed inside syria, at the same time we're watching the government still targeting, still bombing the hospitals and the schools and driving people out you didn't actually visit the camps themselves? >> the turkish refugee camps are great camps. only a very small number of people live in the camps. my job is to support people inside syrias, the doctors working inside, so they come out and go back in again to work there to try and-- tell me about the conditions
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that the doctors describe to you of working in a war zone where bombs are going off, where there are conflicts on the ground. how do they do that? >> this is the worst war that i've ever worked in and that i've ever seen. these doctors are working in the conditions from where the beginning, for five years now, the hospitals have been targeted with bombs, with missiles. the doctors themselves detained, tortured, disappeared, arrested. the schools and homes are targeted. this is a war fought by the government by breaking every rule in the book, about targeting the civilians themselves. so they're working under this most desperate conditions and they're coping with not only the things that we see, diabetes, heart failure, kidney disease, cancer, but the trauma, the bombs which rip your legs off and tear out your tummys, with the terrible infections like everything from polio and
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colonel cholera and tb. on top of that more than half a million are starving. another child died today from starvation. it is desperate just pause here. just to clarify the difference between a refugee and an economic migrant. under international law a refugee is defined as someone who left his or her country to escape war, natural disaster or persecution. nations are required to offer sanctuary to anyone fleeing those circumstances. according to the 1951 united nations convention relating to the status of refugees. an economic migrant is a person who travels to a country or region in search of work or to improve his or her quality of life. the united nations says that conflating the two can have serious consequences for the safety of refugees. now, let's ask our other guest in washington, mr ram, what decides whether an asylum seeker
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is a migrant or a refugee? >> that's an important question and international law governs determination of refugee status. it is an important question and people who are fleeing persecution or war come under international law and a set of conventions that determine refugee status, and anybody who reserves that-- deserves that status should receive it in the country of their asylum your organization focuses on the care of children. how is the conflict affecting children, especially those who are separated from their parents? >> our priority is to help children in whatever their circumstances, when they're with families or separated. so among the people fleeing the war in syria and other wars, you
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have children who have become separated. we provide safe places for them along the route of transit. in the united kingdom, for example, we're training families who are fostering these children. in other countries we are supporting child-friendly spaces, in the housing that is being provided in the countries where they're arriving turkey has the most number of syrian refugees, some 42% of syrians who have fled their country are in turkey. then comes lebanon with 27% of syrian refugees, followed by jordan with 15%, while europe has about 7% of the syrian refugees. so a question to you dr sparrow, who should foot the bill for this? turkey is asking, i think they have pledged two or tli billion and they want two or three billion more. what about the cost of supporting these people? -- three. >> it is true. it's the most biggest crisis
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which is man made. when we talk about who should foot the cost, then let's not forget what is causing the crisis, which is, of course, the government of syria now joined by the government of russia. so that always has to be kept in mind. as long as we ignore that and there is focus on funding the refugee crisis, it is only going to get more expensive. who should be supported? of course turkey should be supported. they have more than two million refugees. that's 3% of their population. that's like having 10 million refugees here in the states. they do need help. if turkey didn't do what they are doing, we would see an absolute disaster by now because so many refugees have stayed in turkey. europe should be bearing the cost and not doing these dreadful things like confiscati confiscating jewellery and other
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items. that is designed to deter people of course, the government that has proposed this idea is saying that it is a way for the people who can afford to pay to defray some of the costs that the government has to pay for health care, education for language and john training, for things that they provide to the refugees when they end up on their country >> which is ridiculous. if you would like people to have paid for all of those, then you should let them work. you're denying them work and they're taking away these things which you need. you need your cell phone, your laptop. people arrive with cash. smugglers don't accept visa or mastercard. this is confiscated let's talk back to you, mr ram, about young people in particular. in sweden there have been april few tragic incidents involving teenagers, i think why you jeb
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yesterday, a 15-year-old asylum seeker stabbed to death, a swedish citizen, earlier a teenager was stopped by another teenage asylum seeker. these incidents, while they are rare, nonetheless, seem to be sparking a backlash. >> i think these incidents are tragic and they are happening. i think that's documented. i think what is not adequately documented is the extraordinary acts of generosity that are being offered by people of sweden, of germany, from across europe. i recently have come back from walking alongside refugees and the people of these countries have been tremendous. they have been training people
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for children in refugees centers. there are far greater acts of generosity and kindness than there are these kind of very unfortunate situations let's take another pause here to look at turkey's role which we've been discussing in this crisis. that country, as has been pointed out by dr psparrow, is the entry point for them. they're looking to stop the situation in the tracks in turkey. our correspondent has more on it that >> reporter: turkey's cooperation is key to stop the flow of migrants and refugees to europe. the majority who arrived in europe made their journey from here. they crossed the sea to reach greece. that is why the european union has been talking to turkish officials. in fact, this efficient reached an agreement a few months ago. part of that agreement, the e.u. would provide turkey with an initial amount of more than three billion ur rows. that would be spent to raise the
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standards of living, to encourage them to stay. the money would also be used to step up border patrols, but the money has still not arrived. despite that turkey has taken steps, it has granted syrians work permits sop now it makes it legal for them to work in the country, and turkey also imposed visa restrictions to stop refugees arriving by air to turkey, but clearly this hasn't been enough because according to the e.u. the numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in greece is still on the rise. they're talking about two to three thousand a day. they say they have been clamping down on smuggling networks and stopping people from making that journey, but at the end of the day the agreement that was discussed and reached also involves a number of other politically sensitive issues like turkey, the talks for turkey to join the e.u., that neepdz to be sped up and this
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has been a demand from turkey. that still hasn't happened. there is an urgency for the migrant crisis to be tackled because, like i mentioned, the number of migrants and refugees arriving is still on the rise and it is still going to increase in the coming months when the berth gets better so let's talk about a mass resettlement proposal. a quarter million syrians in exchange, turkey will take a quarter million asylum seeningers. do you think that work? >> i think it does have hope. i think what is important about that proposal is the dignity and the safety that it offers refugees. europe has been generous to offer one million refugees, but to get there you have to take this harrowing journey across the sea where tens of thousands are dying, where you have to walk through the snow and the ice holding the hands of your children, carrying your babies through the ice and snow. there is really no necessity in
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that. so a proposal that says let's identify those who will have asylum in europe and a system with safe and dignified passage, i think that would be an extraordinary advancement in the situation over the situation we have now and much safer for the refugees from your perspective, what do you see as the most critical need for the refugees who are still in transit as we speak? >> they need safety. the most critical need, they all need is safety. there is no safe place in syria now. nearly 4,000 schools have been bombed in the last five years. schools and hospitals. refugees will go home to syria. no-one wants to be a refugee, no-one wants to risk this voyage, no-one wants hand outs. people want work. it's humiliating to be called a refugee. of course they would rather have a safe passage and to be treated as such rather than to risk
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drowning. just watch people that could be my parents get on boats at 1 o'clock in the morning. it is freezing and cold. no-one wants that. they need desperate safety and if we want to stop this refugees crisis, we need to look at the roots of the crisis. we are looking at a 3.2 billion dollar humanitarian response this year just for syria which the u.n. agency wants. that's going to damascus which is funding the killing machine of the government driving it. turkey has still opened the borders to the women and children and families. 20,000 families just this week alone fled into turkey in the last few days. turkey gave them safe harbour. they would like to go back. we need to get the governments to stopping bombing civilians and to respect the rules of war.
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that is the biggest need of all. if we could do that, those boats would turn around right now and go back to their own country if they could live there safely thank you for that, my gues guests. still ahead, more on the question some universities are asking their applicants. critics are calling those questions inappropriate. we will explain that next. plus we will talk to a doctor about the spreading zika virus and why it has so many health officials worried.
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on monday the world health organisation will decide if the zika outbreak justifies a public health emergency of international concern. that comes just as health officials say more than two thousand pregnant women have been diagnosed with the virus in colombia. zika may be linked to severe birth defects in children like babies born with abnormally small heads. in brazil the epicenter of the mosquito-born virus, more than 4,000 cases of those birth defects are being investigated. they say many may not be linked to zika at all. a physician who specialises with viruses spoke to us earlier. >> one distinction i would like to draw is while we've had cases
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of zika virus diagnosed here in the u.s., they did not acquire the infection here in the u.s. that is really important. the transmission has occurred overseas. there is a reason why we're a little bit insulated from this explosion of zika virus here in the u.s. we don't have the same kind of poverty. we have running safe water so people don't have to keep standing water stored and aunfortunately that can be a source of mosquito breeding. we have good hygiene which means we don't have water open and assures open. we also live in air conditioned screened in homes so we're protected from mosquitos than those who are living in really dense urban area in latin america two fugitives are back in custody after escaping. the third prisoner was captured on friday. the inmates cut through security bars and escaped through air
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vents. a woman who taught at the facility is accused of providing the tree owe with the tools. she is charged with being an accessory to an felony. a number of schools ask prospective students if they have ever had run-ins with the law. if they answer yes to be being arrested or convicted of anything other than a minor traffic offence, the school follows up with more questions. critics say the practice has a bigger impact on poor and minority students. proponents say it protects the university from lawsuits should a student commit a crime on campus. the minority advocacy group tells new york times it will look at the admission questionnaires of 17 universities. christian clerk is the president of the group. she joins us here in our studio tonight. tell me, do you have any idea what particular prompted this
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new line of questions on college applications? >> i think it is a great question. it is why we're putting to the question to the colleges and universities that are part of our investigation. we want to understand what educational justification is there for asking a student applicant whether they've ever been arrested, whether they've ever been stopped by the police, whether they've ever been detained they've asked if they have been stopped? >> yes when did you first become aware of this, your organization? >> we opened up the inquiry at the beginning of the year and we were startled to find a pattern that existed across the country. colleges and universities all around our nation are asking student complicates to disclose whether or not they've had any contact whatsoever with the criminal justice system do you know whether there have been some major lawsuits that have been brought against institutions of learning that
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may have prompted them no cover their academic rear end so to speak, to prompt these questions? >> we're not aware of any lawsuit. as far as we know, the first time anyone has ever shined a spotlight on what is happening here, we've talked a lot in our nation about barriers to re-entry faced by people who have been convicted. here we're not talking about people convicted. we're talking about people who have been stopped on the corner by a cop, people who have been detained by the comes. in our view those kinds of inquiry have no value in determining whether or not somebody is going to succeed in the classroom i don't want to suggest or intimate that someone should lie on the applications, but here is a question. if you have just been stopped by a police officer and not arrested, how would anybody know? >> that's a good point.
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at the end of the day you're a 17-year-old kid and you want to put your best foot forward in competing for that dream college that you've always wanted to go to and you're going to complete every question that you're asked and you should do it honestly. >> that's right. we think it's time that these schools take a step back and consider the racial disparitys that exist across our criminal justice system and answer the kwep about what predictive value these questions have in determining whether or not somebody is going to succeed to the best of your knowledge would the line of questions even go to whether you are walking down the side walk and an officer approaches you to ask you whether you were in another location where a crime was committed, would that amount to interaction with law enforcement that would necessitate you filling that line out? >> that's a great question. there's a lot of grey area here.
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in our view it is ridiculous that schools would is a 17-year-old kid to disclose whether or not they have had any contact whatsoever with the criminal justice system i asked that question because it happened to me when i was in college. an officer asked me a question and i asked why and he said there was a robbery and i fit the description. >> there is a sad really of people who are stopped by the cops based on the color of their skin. until we address and eliminate those disparities in our criminal justice system, we think that these inquirys serve as a barrier for african americans and racial minors across our nation don't colleges have the
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right to know who they are going to admit onto their campuses to interact with the other students? shouldn't they have even reasonable detail about a person's background? >> i think that is great point. schools do have a duty to ensure public safety. up want to make sure that your kids are going to be safe in the college. these questions sweep far too broadly and result in a dragnet of capturing people who have never convicted a crime and at the end of the day serving as a barrier for people who were stopped or came into contact with the criminal justice system for no other reason than the color of their skin thank you very much for joining us on al jazeera america. >> thank you for having me the rise of bernie sanders, how a politician with views aligned with socialism has become a contender in the democratic race for the white house.
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two more days the iowa caucuses set mormon. a light lead for hillary clinton over bernie sanders on the democrat side and for the republicans donald trump stays in the lead five points over ted cruz. for many americans the word "socialism", has long conjured images of the iron curtain.
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one candidate is changing these perceptions. a report on bernie sanders, a self-described socialist and he is serving popularity. >> reporter: the time worn rhythms of american politics are changing. for the first at the time in u.s. history american socialists have a standard bear. >> we need an economy that works nor working people >> reporter: who is a major candidate for president. >> if it takes a socialist to show us the way, then god bless him. >> this system hasn't worked for a very long time. so for me it's not so much of a taboo of the s word because i've seen what the c word, capitalism has done >> reporter: in america's kag cultural heart land these are signs of new times >> with iowa preparing to pick the nominees in the first presidential caucuses on monday, polls show bernie sanders in' dead heat with or leading
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hillary clinton. the billionaire donald trump leading the republican field, iowa could set up a rivalry. the socialist versus the capitalist. >> this socialist/communist, okay, nobody wants to say it. >> reporter: until recently sanders european style socialism was a hard sell in a country which has equated it with communis communism. >> >> have you no sense of decency, sir. >> reporter: to ronald reagen's campaign to socialised medicine >> we don't want socialised medicine. behind it will come programs that will invade every area of
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freedom in this country until one day we wake to find we have socialism. >> reporter: that program for the elderly medicare has become popular, along with the social security program. >> at one level we hate socialism, as it were, or democratic socialism. at another level we really like a lot of the things that democratic socialism does. >> reporter: the sanders campaign is opening the door to a growing breed of unioning liberals diswill illusioned by kal top hill and wall street >> they see all the benefits to socialism and they don't see the iron curtain and stalin and the negatives that might be associated with it. >> reporter: the campaign trail is long and torturous. for sanders to go from here to history, he will have to carry his brand of american-style socialism to have beening tree from the snow capped corn fields of iowa to washington
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the weather >> reporter: we have a big winter storm coming to the u.s. it is not going to affect the east coast with snow, i can tell you that right now, but it is going to leave its mark. i will tell you exactly what is happening here. first we're going to start in the pacific because this is the next winter storm right here. it is going to be a big factor sunday, monday, tuesday and then it's going to start to exit as we go towards wednesday. so let's look at what is happening day by da with this storm because the watchers and the warnings are in effect. we're talking about winter storm warns in ten states already. we're going to be watching that. they are going to be expanding as we go into the next couple of days. on sunday the low pressure comes into parts of california and nevada and a lot of rain to the south. we will see snow from california
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out towards colorado. 18 inches will be the norm. after that we will see higher numbers over here. as we go towards monday the storm system makes its way out of the rockys and by tuesday we are looking at a full-blown intensified area of pressure across here. we are going to get some thunder storms down to the south, snow up to the north and some blizzard conditions here across much of the central and northern planes, winds 25 to 40 miles an area, this is on tuesday, with gusts up to 50 which means the blizzard is going to be a major problem there and that means white-out conditions on tuesday the b word, i don't like that. >> reporter: i don't either thank you, kevin. thank you for joining us. i will be back with another hour of news at 11 p.m. eastern, 8 prime minister pacific. stay tuned for al jazeera's hard earned next. written everyday.
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it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight.
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>> previously on hard earned. >> my father said something to me that tore me down. you have been a f*ák up. >> this is the one. this is the one. this is the one.

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