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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  January 30, 2016 11:00pm-12:01am EST

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important sites in this century. >> proudest moment of my life. this is al jazeera america with a look at today's stop stories. the poll numbers are out. who is leading the pack in iowa just two days before the caucuses. syrian refugees try to make it to greece drowning at sea among the dead children. we take a look at the growing refugee backlash in europe and the push to send back hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers. and the growing concern over the
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zika virus which causes birth defects. colombia reporting that nearly 2,000 women are infected with the illness can'ted dates trying to-- candidates trying to become the next president have one full day of campaigning left before the iowa caucuses end. our correspondent has more tonight. >> reporter: we're now inside a 48 hours before iowa voters go to caucus. monday night here in the state of iowa is what they've all been waiting for and tonight the gold standard of iowa polls, the final des moines poll was released with hillary clinton only 3 poll ahead. donald trump has a 28
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percentageage but only five points ahead of his nearest rival ted cruz. jeb bush has 2% of the vote. he has spent over 15 million dollars here in this state and iowa voters appear to send him down the river, maybe even the des moines river that lies right behind me now. today was an important day for john kasich. he got the endorsement from the new york times. he said any time somebody says something good about you he will take it. he also left iowa for new hampshire. his entire campaign is centred around new hampshire. then you have bernie sanders out campaigning tonight in iowa. he has got a big concert. he is concentrated his efforts on the college towns here. he has aims where the university of iowa is and johnson county,
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spent time in black hawk county where the university of northern iowa is and iowa state is in story county. a lot of his separation has been where the young voters are. that seems to be how he seems to think his victory can happen. hillary clinton has her husband coming to town, chelsea clinton and their grand-daughter over the weekends. so the campaigning is going here. there is an electricity about the politics here in iowa, for the moment anyway. it will be an interesting 48 hours. i think iowa voters are ready to see the ads off the air in our sunday night look on the week ahead, religion and the 2016 campaign, the role of religion in the race for the white house. it is a scandal that will not go away for democratic candidate
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hillary clinton. her use of a private server during her time as secretary of state. yesterday the state department said that 22 of the emails found on that server are so sensitive they will not be released. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: the hillary clinton campaign is calling for the release of those top secret emails knowing that they will be marked top secret that will never happen. the stories do not add up. one year ago when it was revealed when she was using a private email server we were told there was nothing sensitive on those. now the department says 22 emails contain closely guarded government secrets. her opponents are seizing on this saying that further investigation should be done into whether the former secretary of state broke the law. >> hillary clinton is disqualified from being president. she is disqualified. this thing with her emails is a big deal.
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okay, just yesterday they couldn't release all her emails. you read this. because some of the emails are so sensitive, so classified that they can't release them. it would be damaging to release them. what else do we need to know? i can tell you this. she thinks she is above the law. she believes she is above the law. what she did is because she believes she is above the law >> reporter: the problem for the clinton campaign is now again the issue of trust. for hillary clinton has consistently scored low in the minds of voters. there are just two days before the voting here. they have made their minds up and may not be influenced by these new revelations. at the same time, however, it is expected to have an impact on the next nominating contest in new hampshire where hillary clinton trails as well as when it comes to the general election where her republican opponents are certain to seize on this controversy and say that this is a reason she should not be
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president president obama visits baltimore tomorrow to attend a mosque in support of religious freedom. he will meet with muslim leaders at a time when public tension seems to be increasing. he is calling on people to not follow anti discrimination. this is his first visit to a mosque as president. u.n. organisers are optimistic for a start to peace talks now that the main opposition group has arrived in geneva. meanwhile, air strikes in syria continue. amateur video released today shows jets bombing targets in the city of homs. no word yet on casualties. before today the opposition delegates had insisted on a halt to syrian and russian air strikes as a precondition for attending the talks. al jazeera's james bays has more of the negotiations from geneva. >> reporter: a very large group
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of press here. quite chaotic scenes when they arrived here because we all want to know the position, the exact position of this, the main opposition grouping. when he came here, the spokesman, said that they still believe that that u.n. resolution at the end of december means there are thing which should be put in place now before talks take place. he said they were not his group's conditions, they were conditions of the u.n. secretary council. i then pressed him as to whether these conditions had to be met before they would sit down for talks. >> reporter: you say it's not your conditions. if those conditions are not met, will you engage in talks? >> we are ready, we are here to make this a success. we are ready to start negotiation, but at least we should see something on ground there in syria. we should really stop these
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massacres against our people. so please help us, you know. save our children, save the remaining children of syria. then we are willing to do anything that puts an end to this war. we want to put an end to this i.s.i.s., terrorism in syria, we want to put an end to this dictatorship, what it is doing. we want to see new syria >> reporter: yes. they want to see those measures that are in the security council resolution put in place, but no longer does it seem that that is a condition for the start of talks. i understand that the opposition delegation is likely, and i have this from a number of diplomatic sources, likely to see staffan de mistura on sundays for their initial meeting, not quite clear where that meeting will take place, some sources telling me it will be at the u.n., some saying it will be away from the u.n., but i think it's then a parallel meeting in many ways, the one we saw on friday.
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the syrian government wants those two meetings taking place. i think there will be more discussion, but i think it is possible we could actually see both sides in the same place. not in the same room because that won't happen for some considerable time, but maybe both in the u.n. in geneva on monday. i think that would be the best hope of the u.n. team who are trying to mediate these talks the journey for dozens of refugees headed to europe ended in tragedy today. at least 39 died triesing to cross-- trying to cross. a boat carrying more than a hundred people sank after hitting rocks. we want to warn you some of the images in this next report are graphic. >> reporter: they are casualties of war and poverty. among them a small child, other children and adults too, washed
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up on a beach in turkey. their boat had sunk not far from the rocks. in all, about a third of the 120 people on board did not make it. drowning as they tried to reach greece, a gateway to europe used by so many before them. some of the victims are thought to have been from syria. all this as politicians in geneva gather for talks to try to end the nearly five-year long war. >> we will save you. don't worry. >> reporter: over night another group of refugees tried to make the journey. people were stranded on rocks near the greek island of lesbos. against the darkness of the night the only light came from the rescue boat. it was a daring operation with divers trying to reassure the men, women and children that they would be rescued. eventually they were pulled
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aboard, cold, frightened, but safe. more than a million refugees and migrants have travelled to europe during the last year. the cold winter weather hasn't stopped people coming and nirdz have the conflicts that have driven so many to take the risk of making these journeys in the united kingdom the debate over immigration broke out on the streets today. there were angry scenes of pushing and shoving in the port city of dover. anti aracism activists disrupted a protest. some threw bricks and smoke bombs, several people were arrested. there were also clashes in stokholm today. almost 100 demonstrated. one was arrested for punching an
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undercover police officer in the face. security was tighter than usual one day after a mass mob went on a rampage threatening migrants. two arrests were made in that incident. months after welcoming refugees into germany under the country's open door policy, chancellor now says they must leave eventually. >> translation: considering all we are doing in terms of integration, which i support because we don't know when the war in syria will be over or when islamic state will be defeated in iraq, we need to tell people that they have a temporary permit to stay and we expect when peace is achieved in syria you will return home with the knowledge you gained here a look at the refugee crisis. what is driving the anti refugee sentiment taking hold in some
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countries coming up. despite repeated warnings, turkey says a russian jet once again crossed in its airspace on friday. the russian ambassador has been summoned to answer the incident. they were given warnings before the breach. turkey shot down a jet that invoice lated its airspace in november. more on frit's incident and-- friday's interest >> reporter: in their statement they described this incident as yet another example of russian escalatory behaviour. even the president erdogan said that this was an attempt by russia to escalate tensions in the region. like you mentioned, the turkish foreign ministry said that the plane violated its airspace on friday. they summoned the russian ambassador. they protested the action. they condemned the action. we have to remember tensions were at an all-time high
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actually. just weeks ago in november when the turkish air force shot down a russian jet. russia did not respond militarily. yes, there was a war of words, but russia took severe actions. it imposed economic sanctions on turkey and it took a number of actions inside syria which really tied turkey's handles inside-- hands inside syria. this is a very dangerous situation. we've also heard statements from n.a.t.o. urging russians to avoid such violations in the future still ahead we will take a deeper look at the growing refugee crisis in europe. the struggle for more than a million asylum seekers who assimilate and the backlash many are suffering due to crime linked to newcomers. a series virus is spreading at an alarming rate. new cases of the zika virus which may cause severe birth
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defects turning up daily. >> that's the kind of debate that we need to have. >> stay with al jazeera america for... >> it's going to be about getting people out to the caucus, which is not an easy thing to do. >> comprehensive coverage that's... >> the focus will be on south carolina tonight.
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europe is currently home to more than one million refugees who travelled there in the past year and more continue to arrive every day. tonight we take a deeper look at that crisis, one that dominated headlines last summer but has received less attention in recent months. now amid growing anti refugee sentiment there are efforts to put a stop to europe's steady
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stream of asylum seekers. angela merkel said most will be sent home once the conflicts in their home country are over. sweden are set to deport up to 80,000. danish police to confiscate valuables from refugees while norway has sent to the border with russia. some officials have tied refugees to rising crime rates. al jazeera's correspondent reports from berlin on the struggles of refugees who are trying to find a new home in an increasingly has aisle environment-- hostile environment >> reporter: their struggle to get to germany is over. now the main task is to learn a new language. safely installed in a classroom here, these syrians are glad
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left their country's troubles behind >> translation: i came here to have a peaceful life. it feels good. i have security and i have the peace i've been longing for, but it was hard to leave home and family. >> reporter: the refugees' teacher is this woman. she came to germany herself 12 years ago from dubai. she says her experiences made her want to help these people integrate, but in recent months things have got much tougher. sheep says the attacks-- she says the attacks on women on new year's eve have changed everything >> there were a lot more people excited at the thought of having refugees here now. telling people more refugees are coming this is like slapping their face. >> reporter: a poll seems to bear this out. for the first time many believe their country can't cope with the refugee influx.
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more than two-thirds think crime will rise as a result. nearly three quarters believe in tougher laws for asylum seekers who commit crime. that is a particular concern for social workers like this man. he gives advice to new refugees and migrants in berlin. he believes one problem is that most of the recent arrivals are looking to integrate into society. other new arrivals want to pray on it. >> translation: there are people that want to live here and enrich our society and we have people that are hostile through their actions. it is not only that money plays a role, but also that they are hostile and dishonest. >> reporter: angela merkel's view on refugees policy is that we can do it. now senior members of her own party are openly disagreeing and demanding radical changes. whether they get them may well
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depends on public opinion. the first test of that will come in six weeks time when three states hold prlt elections. -- parliamentary elections my guests here. you just returned from visiting refugee camps, can you tell us what conditions are like in the camps? >> well, first of all i was mainly training doctors who came out of syria into turkey to the border and i'm training them in trauma, siege, mall nutrition,
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and i watched people leave turkey to get onto boats at 1 o'clock in the morning. i was in this situation where i'm i'm trying to support people who stayed inside syria, the doctors and teachers, at the same time while we're watching the government targeting the schools and hospitals, bombing them you didn't actually visit the camps themselves? >> the turkish refugee camps are great camps but only a small number of people live in the camps. my job is to support people inside syria, the doctors so they come out and go back in again to work there, to try and-- tell me a bit about the conditions that the doctors described to you of working in a war zone where bombs are going off, where there are conflicts on the ground. how do they do that? >> this is the worst war that i've ever worked in and that i've ever seen.
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these doctors are working in these conditions where from the beginning, for five years now, the hospitals have been targeted with bombs, with missiles, the doctors themselves are detained, tortured, disappeared. this is a war being fought by the government by breaking every rule in the book, but targeting the civilians themselves. so they're working under this most desperate conditions, and they're coping not only with diabetes, cancer, heart failure, but the trauma, the bombs which lift your legs off and tear out your tummies. everything from swine flu and others. one child died today just from starvation. it is desperate just pausing there. just to clarify the difference between a refugee and an economic migrant, under
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international law a refugee is defined as someone who left his or her country to escape war, natural disaster or persecution. nations are required to offer sanction tree to anyone fleeing from those circumstances. economic migrant is a person who travels to a country or region in search of work or to improve his or her quality of life. the united nations said that conflating the two can have serious consequences for the sake of refugees. let's ask our other guest in washington, mr ram, who decides whether an asylum seeker is a migrant or a refugee? >> that's an important question. international law governs determination of refugee status. it is an important question and people who fear, who are fleeing
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persecution, war, coming under international law and a set of conventions that determine refugee status. anybody who deserves that status should receive it in the country where they're applying for asylum your organization focuses on the care of children. how is the conflict affecting children specifically, especially those who are separated from their parents? >> our priority is to help children in whatever their circumstances, whether they're with families or separated. so for people who are fleeing wars, you have the situation where they have been separated. we provide safe places for them. in the united kingdom, for example, we're training families who are fostering these children. in other countries we are supporting in child family spaces in houses where they're arriving turkey has the most number
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of syrian refugees, some 42% are them are in turkey. then comes lebanon with 27% of syrian refugees followed by jordan with 15% while europe has about 7% of the syrian refugees. so a question to you dr sparrow. who should foot the bill for this? turkey is asking - i think they have been pledged two or three billion but they want two or three billion more. what about the cost of supporting these people? >> it's true, it is a most expensive crisis we have ever seen. it is a mega crisis that is entirely man made. so when we're talking about who should foot the cost, then let's not forget that what is causing the refugee crisis, which is, of course, the government of syria now joined by the government of russia. so that always has to be kept in mind. as long as we ignore that and focus on funding the refugee crisis it is only going to be
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more expensive. turkey should be supportive. they have more than two million refugees, so that's about 3% of their population. that's like having 10 million refugees here in the states. so they do need help. if turkey didn't do what they're doing we would see an absolute disaster by now because so many refugees have stayed in turkey. europe should be bearing the cost and they should not be doing these things like confiscating jewellery, cell phones, lap tops from people when they arrive. this is ridiculous and -- the government that proposed this idea is saying it is a way for the people who can afford to pay to defray some of the costs that the government has to pay for health care, education, language training and job training, for the things they provide to refugees when they end up on the country. >> which is ridiculous balls if
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you would like people to pay for all of those, then you should let them work. they're denying them work and you need these things. you need your cell phone, laptop. people arrive with cash. smugglers don't accept visa cards back to you mr ram about young people in particular. of course, in sweden there have been tragedy incidents involving teenagers. just yesterday a 15-year-old migrant, asylum seeker, allegedly stabbed to death a worker in sweden. earlier a teenager was stabbed by another teenager is asylum seeker. these incidents, while they are rare, seem to be sparking a backla
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backlash. >> i i think they're tragic and they're happening. they're documented. i think what is not documented is the extraordinary acts of gen ross ultimately that are being offered by people of sweden of, of germany, from across europe. i have recently come back from walking alongside refugees in macedonia and other areas and they have been very good, they have been training volunteers to provide support to children in refugee centers. there are far more acts of generosity and kindness than these kind of unfortunate situations let's take another pause here to look at turkish role. that country as has been pointed out by dr sparrow is the entry point for so many refugees, two million look there now. the european union is look to
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turkish officials to stop the situation in its tracks in turkey >> reporter: turkey's cooperation is key to stop the flow of migrants and refugees to europe. this is a transit country. the majority who arrived in europe made their journey from here. they crossed the sea to reach greece. that is why the european union has been talking to turkish officials. in fact, they reached an agreement a few months ago. part of that agreement, the e.u. would provide turkey with an initial amount of more than three billion euros. that money would be spent to improve the living conditions of refugees, raise their standards of living to encourage them to stay. the money would also be used to step up border patrols, but the money has still not arrived. despite that turkey has taken steps, it has granted syrians work permits so it makes it legal for them to work in the country. turkey also imposed visa restrictions to stop refugees arriving by air to turkey, but clearly this hasn't been enough
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because according to the e.u. the numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in greece is still on the rise. they're talking about two to three thousand people a day. turkish authorities say they have been clamping down on smuggling networks and stopping approximately five hundred people a day from making that journey, but at the end of the day the agreement that was discussed and reached also involves a number of other politically sensitive issues like turkey, the talks for turkey to join the e.u. that needs to be spend up. this has been april demand from turkey. that still hasn't happened. there is an urgent-- been a demand for turkey. like i mentioned, the number of migrants and refugees arriving is still on the rise and it is going to increase in the coming months when the weather gets republic party so let's talk about a settlement proposal, a quarter
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million syrians in exchange turkey will take a quarter million asylum seekers. do you think that will work? >> i think it does have hope. i think what is important about that proposal is the dignity and the safety that it offers refugees. europe has been generous to offer one million refugees, but you have to take this harrowing journey cross the sea where tens of thousands have been dying, where you have to walk through ice and snow carrying your babies through the ice and snow. there is really no necessity in that. it is a proposal that says let's identify those who will have asylum and a system of safe and dignified passage would be an extraordinary advancement in the situation over the situation we have now and much safer for the refugees from your perspective, dr sparrow, what do you see as the most critical need right now for the refugees who are still in transit as we speak?
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>> they need safety. they all need is safety. there is no safe place in syria now. nearly 4,000 schools have been bombed in the last five years, schools and hospitals. no-one wants to be a refugee and risk this, no-one wants hand outs. people want to work. it's hue million yalting to be called-- humiliating to be called a refugee. of course they would rather have a safe passage rather than risk drowning. i've just watched people that could be my parents get onto boats at 1 o'clock in the morning. it's freezing and cold. no-one wants that. they need desperate safety. frankly, if we wanted to stop this refugee crisis, we need to look at the roots of the crisis. we are looking at a 3.2 billion dollar humanitarian response this year just for syria which the u.n. agency wants. that's going - a great deal of
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it is going to damascus which is funnelleding the killing machine of the government driving its citizens out. we can't-- turkey still opened its borders to the women and children and families. 20,000 families just this week alone fled into turkey in the last few days. turkey let its borders open for them and gave them safe harbour. they would like to go back. we need to get the government of syria and russia to stop bombing civilians and to respect the rules of war. that is the biggest one of all. if we could do that, those boats would turn around right now and they would go back if they could safely be in their own country you for being with us. thanks to you, mr ram, of the humanitarian response for save the children. still ahead, the air is so bad in india many people are having a hard time breathing.
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hundreds of women have disappeared in canada over the years, all with one thing in common. why people are saying that connection is keeping cops off the case.
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on monday the world health organisation meets to decide when zika virus justifies a public concern. that comes as health officials in colombia say two thousand pregnant women have been diagnosed with the virus.
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this is a major health threat because zika is believed to be linked to severe birth defects like babies born with small heads. in brazil, the epicenter of the mosquito-born virus, more than 4,000 cases of those birth defects are now being investigated. >> reporter: the first case of the zika virus and it offers a good example from how the virus can move from country to country in the americas. you have a venezuelan who travelled to peru and caught the virus. with no vaccine in sight, you can understand why health officials are concerned. the world health organisation isn't going as far as issuing any kind of travel restrictions or trade restrictions, at least not at this point. this is a strategy so far that
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it is taking. it is working with health officials in the affected countries trying to expands the ability of these countries to test for the virus. it is also working on eliminating breeding grounds for mosquitos which is standing water. it is telling people to sleep with mosquito nets, use insect repellants, wear sleeves and pants. if you have standing water by your home, get rid of it. some of the challenges right now for researchers is trying to finds out whether or not there is a direct link between the zika virus and birth defects among newborns. they're trying to figure out if pregnant mothers are passing the virus to their newborns during the first trimester. in brazil in particular there have been many cases of neurological defects called
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microcephaly. the baby is born with a smaller head and a brain. there is no concrete link, but it is creating a lot of concern, especially among pregnant women > a physician who specializes in diseases spoke to us earlier about the spread of the zika virus and its possible impact on the u.s. >> one distinction i would like to draw is while we've had cases of zika virus diagnosed here in the u.s., they did not acquire the infection here in the u.s. that's really important. the transmission has occurred overseas. there is a reason why we're insulated here. we don't have the same kind of poverty. we have running safe water, so people don't have to keep standing water, which can be a source of mosquito breeding. we have good sanitation and hygiene, which means again we don't have standing water,
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sewers open and that sort of thing where mosquito breed. we also live in screened homes so we're protected as opposed to dense urban areas in latin america air pollution is so bad in india, some people have reduced lung function. some cars have been banned and taxis have restrictions placed on them. we have the report on the devastating health effects >> reporter: this is how this man stays fit in new delhi. he used to exercise here every day until this winter it started getting him sick >> i got minor koeldz and headaches. i feel-- colds and headaches. i never experienced this previously. >> reporter: one third of the people in the city have one-third reduced lung function mainly because of the pollution.
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his doctor has advised him to spend less time outdoors >> i used to go running every evening. i don't do that because i feel like my lungs feel heavy. every time i go to run, i actually come back feeling ill because i can smell the pollution there. >> reporter: many doctors have seen an increasing complaints of breathing problems especially among children. specialists warn the effects may last even after pollution levels decrease >> once the pollution level goes down, they go down. we say that there may be a chance that it will be a recover >> reporter: with pollution levels now amongst the worst in the world, people are demanding the government act >> the growing popularity of cars is one of the main sources of air pollution, along with
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factories, construction and agribusiness. to get people out of the cars, the government is having more buses and expanding the rail network. they want people here to think hard about the choices they make. >> translation: if people want to reduce pollution they can. if they feel they have to buy a car, maybe after five years they will do it. >> reporter: rising temperatures are expected to bring town the pollution in the air making it-- bring down the pollution in the air making it tollable. restoring the city's air quality will need thinking with the long-term horizon an at all foreign i can't man's tip to the police-- californian man-- where they found one escapees. these two men escaped from a
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maximum security prison along with a third prisoner who was captured on friday. when justin trudeaux was elected canada's prime minister he promised an initial inquiry into the disappearance of hundreds of native women. >> reporter: five years ago this woman's sister disappeared-- men's sister sdipd >> she was seen getting into a red truck. it was a guy in his mid 30s, stocky build, yeah. >> reporter: she was just 20 years old. >> reporter: there are too many women going missing in indigenous communities. why are they more vulnerable? >> because they're easy prey. a lot of people just don't, like, believe they can just take them and get away with it >> reporter: this area has the
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largest indigenous population in canada and also the highest crime and murder rates. many here are poor >> i think that poverty makes people vulnerable to the point where they are more attract ich to those predators that are out there and there are many predators out there. >> reporter: bodies sometimes turn up in the river. people feel that government has ignored the violence. there is growing awareness and a movement to change things >> it just seems like the people have had enough. >> reporter: the campaign to find out what happened to so many missing indigenous women has picked up momentum with the support of the new lib ram government, with the prime minister keen to improve relations with greater indigenous communities >> we have made this inquiry a priority for our government because those touched by this national tragedy have waited
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long enough. >> reporter: by their own admission, police say they've had some 1200 cases of missing or murdered indigenous women over the past 30 years. they're over represented and more likely to go missing or murder than any other group of women making up to 16% of female homicides in canada but representing 4.3% of the total country's female population. this woman's sister ask another victim >> i think definitely my sister being a woman, being aboriginal-- is another victim-- having a criminal record, a known drug user and someone who is known to frequent the streets, all of those things play a role in how her case was investigated. if these were nonindigenous women, i'm sure that something would have been done a long, long time ago. >> reporter: the problem people have is a sense that low enforcement often appears not prioritise indigenous cases. it has been many years, july
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2008, when her sister went missing. this intersection was her last known location. according to the family, police didn't even bother looking into her case until ten days after she went missing. police explain that most missing persons cases, about 90% are solved and that limited resources require them to judge which cases to focus on. >> we handle close to 7,000 missing person investigations per year. so on a daily basis officers are coordinating and looking to prioritise, assessing. >> reporter: feeling powerless, some family members have taken matters into their own hands. these two send their summers dragging the river hoping to find clues. they say they won't ever give up their search >> they say time heals, but it doesn't get any easier, especially when you don't have any answers.
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you know, it feels like yesterday she went missing. >> reporter: it is unlikely a national inquiry will solve specific cases. the move is meant more to examine the bigger picture than institutional weaknesses that have led to such a tragic trend. proponents hope it will make the system more fair, raise awareness and make canada safer for its indigenous women the rise of bernie sanders. how views align with socialism has become a contender in the democratic race for the white house. plus kevin. >> reporter: we are watching the next winter storm in the making. this is going to be affecting 50% of the united states and we're going to be seeing a blizzard as we go towards tuesday. i will give you the details when we come back. we come back.
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the iowa caucuses are set for monday. the des moines register released the final poll before the event. it has hillary clinton with a slight lead over bernie sanders. for the republicans donald trump still ahead now with a five point lead over ted cruz. form many americans the word socialism has conjured the iron curtain. one candidate is changing these perceptions. a report on bernie sanders, a self-described socialist and his surging popularity. >> reporter: the time worn rith i'ms of american politics are
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changing. -- rhythms. for the first time in history measure socialists have a standard bear >> we need an economy that works for working people >> reporter: who was a major candidate for president >> if it takes a socialist to show us the way, then god bless him >> this system hasn't worked for a very long time. so for me it's not so much of a taboo of the s word because i've seen what the c word capitalism has done >> reporter: in the heart land, these are signs of new times. with iowa preparing to pick the nominees on monday, polls show bernie sanders in a dead heat with or leading hillary clinton, his nearest democratic rival. with billionaire donald trump leading the republic field iowa could set up a rivalry socialist against the ultimate capitalist. donald trump is tagging sanders with the other c word >> this socialist/communist,
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nobody wants to say it. >> reporter: until p recently sanders european style socialism was a hard sell in a country which has associated it with communis communism. >> have you no sense of decency. >> reporter: to ronald reagen's campaign on socialised medicine. >> we don't want that. we will have ever area of freedom invaded until we will awake to find that we have socialism. >> reporter: that program for the elderly now called medicare has become universally popular along with the insurance proposal social security >> at one level we hate socialism, as it were, but at
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another level we like a lot of the things the democratic socialism does. >> reporter: the sanders campaign is opening the door to a growing breed of young liberals disillusioned by the bare knuckles of capitalism of wall street. >> they see all the benefits of socialism and they don't see the iron curtain and stalin and the negatives that might be associated with it. >> reporter: the campaign trail is long and torturous. for sanders to go from here to history, he will have to carry his brand of american style socialism to victim, snow capped corn fields of iowa to washington. some in wyoning campaigners for liz chainy is the oldest daughter of president chainy. she ran two years ago but
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dropped out abecause of health issues. she will face eight compete for the seat. a huge sink hole has opened up on a highway stretching 80 feet widz. it is the largest sink hole the area has seen in 20 years. it is right next to another one that opened up two months ago. officials believe they are as a result of recent heavy rain and landslides. kevin here with the weather. what about the sink hole, is it rain? >> reporter: it is rain. we have enough. when you get a lot of rain or a lack of rain that weak ens the soil and makes these v asha -- caverns underneath. we are watching this storm here. it doesn't look like a whole lot. it does look like an area of low pressure it developing and that is going to be moving quickly across the south-west.
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we're looking at winter storm warnings for many states as well as watchers extending up here to towards parts of nebraska. this is the day by day breakdown. tomorrow it will come on shore here in california. we will see a lot of snow across much of the mountain states. 18 inches is going to be normal. some locations will see about 30 inches there. so by monday afternoon and evening we are going to see the air of low pressure. iowa is going to be okay on monday. on tuesday iowa will not get out of the blizzard conditions we are expecting to see with this storm as it deepens and increasing in intensity. very heavy snow up towards the north. i want to break it down. anywhere between parts of here, we are looking at blizzard conditions there with winds topping 50 miles an hour as well as possibly over 18 inches of snow across the region
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thanks, i guess. turkish police have recovered a stolen original painting by pablo piccaso. police posing as buyerers for nude brushing her hair. two suspects were trying to sell the painting for 7 million dollars after allegedly stealing it from a woman in new york. the painting is back. thanks for joining us. stay tuned. the news continues. goodnight from al jazeera america.
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syria's opposition is in geneva but says it won't negotiate unless the bombing of civilians is stopped with the world news from al jazeera, also ahead a far right mob threatens to attack refugees in the cap stall city of sweden. a boost for hillary clinton as the new york times backs her bid for the white house. sport,

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