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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  January 31, 2016 10:00am-11:01am EST

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>> only on al jazeera america. >> inside the country, more blood spread. dozens of people killed in damascus. peacekeeping forces will not
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go to burundi unless invited. i have all the day's sport, including djokovic, the world number one has been crowned the australian open champion. syria's war be sides be exchanging blame for the shaky start to talks in geneva, which the u.n. organized hoping to end the war. delegates from the main opposition group called the my negotiations committee are insisting that their demands be met before they'll negotiate. their government rivals accused them of trying to derail the talks with preconditions, here's some of what the delegates had to say early on. >> we are here to make this a success. we are not here to do like what
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regime is doing, believe me, no matter how long it takes, we'll not reach anywhere, because the regime did not come here to find a solution for the syrian people, but came here to buy time to kill more syrians. the syrian government, like any other government in the world, that the duty to protect its own people, to protect its own and to show to everybody that those who are imposing on the syrian people, this kind of bloodshed are not syrians. they are foreign powers endorsing foreign agendas aiming at making political pressure on the syrian government by using terrorism as a political weapon.
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>> let's cross over to our diplomatic it tore james bays from geneva. besides, james, exchange words, do we know the status of the actual negotiations now? >> well clearly, both sides have now been speaking to the u.n. special envoy. the government side on friday at the u.n. as part of the talks process. the opposition side still having a meeting to clarify their position with regard to the talks and the fact they'd actually like to see some developments on the ground in syria before they formally join the negotiations. clearly there are talks underway. after the meeting between the opposition and the special envoy, they made contact with those opposition members that are still in saudi arabia, pretty clear to me there is a agreement on how to proceed and whether to formally join the
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negotiations at this stage. worth pointing out that opposition members tell me you'll see disagreement and it looks untidy and disorganized from their side but they said that's the nature of democracy. there are lots of different groups who have come together and they are actually debating things and voting on things before deciding things, compared they say to the government side, which is an authoritarian regime and when they make a decision, everyone jumps. >> the truth is what can i tell the people who are starving to death? what can i tell the people that daughters and kids are in prisons? they need a solution and we need to give them something. if we don't get anything from this process, we are going to be all of us finished. we need to give the people something. those people in syria, they are
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suffering and we are here to serve them and here to help them and we are not the leaders. we are the servant of those people who are suffering a lot. >> when they put out certain demands or the government side describes them, james as preconditions, the opposition, will they negotiate if what they're asking for is not met? >> the government is saying this is totally wrong, they are coming up with preconditions. these are supposed to be talks without preconditions. the opposition said this process was defined in a u.n. security council resolution, 2254, that's the number of the resolution just passed at the end of december. they say that same resolution itself has the conditions, each says the besieged communities as the siege is lifted, the bottom bashedments should stop and those wrongly detained reds.
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they are saying they are not our preconditions, they are the beyond nations security council's position. i think if they get something and the u.n. special envoy talked about a jessster, perhaps that would appease some members. there are some delegates who are right now talking about pulling out completely, so i think there will be a lot of effort among the opposition and those that want to stay and from the u.n. to try to keep this process moving forward. >> ok, james, thank you for that update from geneva. >> as the rival sides struggle to find common ground in geneva, there's been a triple bombing in syria's capital. reuters says that at least 60 have been killed. state media within syria reporting that it happened in a mainly shia suburb that of
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damascus. islamic state of iraq and the levant claims to be behind that attack that took place in the syrian capital, damascus. seeing that triple explosion that's taking place in damascus, does this give the talks in geneva a sense of urgency? >> well, certainly the whole question of isil and the attacks in paris and san bernardino, california has originally given them the momentum use that today when on november 14, meeting in europe, the syria group or friends of syria, including russia and the united states decided to move on with a real clear understanding led to u.n. security council resolution, so isil has been at the core of russian american interests to get the syrian parties together after suffering attacks throughout the middle east and world. >> getting the parties together is one thing, but you've seen
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what's going on in geneva with the exchange of words between the government delegation and opposition parties. we just don't know right now the status of these talks and negotiations. >> clearly, we see the two sides scoring points, not really making any coherent or serious points about the way forward. they are basically establishing their red lines. certainly the syrian opposition wants things membered in the resolution 2254, but they've been six resolutions and each and every time, it says the syrian government must immediately do that and of course none of it has happened. now, the syria opposition is basically drawing the line and saying if these things don't start taking place, we cannot negotiate with the regime. >> what is the role of the
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united nations now at geneva, and also the role of countries like russia and united states that how much pressure can they put on the parties. >> you and i have been to new york, you have been to new york, right? >> i certainly have. >> the u.n. is nothing more than a building, with a security council good morning everything. the will of the united is the will of the membership, governing body, the u.n. security council, notably russia and the united states. at the end of the day, there is no such thing as what would the united nations do or the special envoy come up with, because at the end of the day, both envoy and the organizations work at this time by the dictates of washington and moscow. unfortunately over the last several months, we've seen washington realign its position with moscow's position and hence in geneva, the regime is
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basically celebrating the fact that it's broke out of isolation and the opposition is on the defensive. >> what is that down to. >> this is contradiction within u.n. resolution 2254, it says we are on geneva one, so geneva three will be based among others on geneva one. in geneva one, under american pressure, it was clear that syria will move under a transitional ruling body with executive authority sidelining assad. while today, geneva three talks no more about assad, talks no more about a transitional ruling body with executive powers. now the americans and russians are talking because russia insist on a national unity government under assad. that's far from the original
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understanding of geneva one. basically, we are seeing more washing to be acquiescing to russian pressures in geneva. up to 400,000 syrian people are trapped and need emergency assistance. many have died trying to get to a better life in europe. on the turkey-syria border, our correspondent talked to syrians about their hopes for talks in geneva. >> this is the reality in syria. the government is on the offensive. they are focused on damascus. opposition rebels reject and ultimatum to withdraw from the area. the strategy is to isolate it from an area under a government blockade. >> when the regime can enter the area, their strategy is to blockade and starve the people
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and fighters into submission. even while geneva is happening, they are tightening sieges and the airstrikes of increasing. >> many syrians opposed to the government support the high negotiation committee's decision not to engage in talks with the government. the committee wants an end to the bombardments and blockades, as well as the release of detainees before it agrees to negotiations. >> we are against the meeting in geneva. the regime is not serious about the talks. while it is present in geneva, it is bombarding us. >> people in rebel held territories are concerned. they believe washington is cooperating with the government's main backer, russia. the two powers are behind a u.n. peace plan that could see syrian president bashar al assad stay in office at least during the transition period. >> at the beginning, the u.s.
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publicly stood against assad but kept making false promises to the opposition and now their true position is in the open. the u.s. is not against bashar al assad. the u.s. no longer hides the fact that they consider him the leader. >> assad's future has always been an obstacle on the road to peace. >> russia's intervention is believed to have changed the military and political balance in favor of assad. recent bases have made the regime stronger and that is why the opposition believes it has little to gain by negotiating. >> diplomacy has so far seen only failures in this conflict which has become a war by proxy. many feel their voices have become irrelevant. >> syrians should be the ones to sky their fate. big pours have intervened and
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are imposing their decisions. >> they are not clues to a solution. we will be live from el salvador, combating the zika virus. the battle for iowa, why a state of just 3 million people is playing a big role in the u.s. presidential race. >> in sport, michael clark has a change of heart just five months after quitting the sport of cricket. first, african leaders decided against sending 5,000 peacekeeping soldiers to burundi unless they get the go ahead from the country's government. burundi's president warned he'd consider any such deployment to be an invasion. as catherine so i explains, burundi's political crisis has
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dominated proceedings at the african unit summit in ethiopa's capital. >> the heads of state decided to suspend any deployment of troops to burundi and instead decided to push more aggressively for a political solution to jump start an all inclusive political dialogue. they are sending a high leve lel delegation to talk to government officials and to the president to try and convince him this say yes to a deployment of troops to that country, basically to help the local authorities in the disarmament efforts and also in the protection of civilians. the head of state also noted a complaint by burundi against its neighbor, has always criticized rwanda of arming and training rebel groups in refugee camps there. burundian officials have always denied this.
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>> let's speak to the u.n. high commissioner for refugees, joining us live from addis ababa. good to have you with us. if i can start with what our reporter was reporting, that the african union decided against sending peacekeepers to burundi. what do you think of that decision? do you agree? >> it is really up to political leaders to decide on the best option for addressing a conflict. as you know, my organization is deal with the conflict and already for a few months, we've been helping host countries, tanzania, rwanda, the democratic republic of congo deal with an outflow of refugees. what is positive is that the african union is engaging to find collectively a solution for
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this conflict so that the conditions of recreated for a return of the refugees to their country and the stabilization of the situation. >> i'll stick with the e.u. for a moment and then talk to you about refugees. when you say it's good that they're finding some sort of solution, are you cost though in the boots of the e.u. to actually implement decisions when they come up with a solution? >> i hope there will be this capacity. i have been here a couple of days and there has been a strong focus and there is determination to find a solution together and this is positive. we must hope that it will be followed up and be successful. >> as high commission for the refugees, what are your priorities? >> africa is the continent that hosts a third of refugees displaced worldwide. there is a lot of attention
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today and rightly so on the refugee crisis in europe, on wars and displacement in the middle east. this should not make us forget about the situations here in africa. think of somalia, south sudan, now burundi, nigeria with the boko haram crisis, the central african republic, these are all conflicts that are not resolved and continue to cause or maintain displacement situation. our priority is to help governments deal with refugee flows and help them also find solutions to refugee crisis. i'm here in ethiopa, the country that hosts the largest refugee population in the whole of africa. ethiopia needs to concentrate on its own development. we need to help ethiopia shoulder this burden and eventually find solutions for refugees so that they can go back voluntarily to their countries of or in. >> i'm particularly interested in what you just said about
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refugee flows. there's a migratory movement from africa. what can you do about it, pry speaking? >> the most important, i think, is to stabilize refugees in countries of asylum. i've been saying this to european nations, as well, because they are now worried about refugees and migrants reaching their shores and they're rightly worried. i think it's very important not to forget that refugees come to other countries first, in fact the majority of them stops in those countries and they need help. in the entire world, our most underfunded operations are in africa. i think the crisis in europe is a tragedy, but i think that it will be an eye opener for the world on the need to help countries that shoulder the largest burden of refugees. like ethiopia, like many other countries in africa that do so
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with extreme generosity, but need support. >> thank you for joining us on the al jazeera news hour. that's the u.n. high commissioner for refugees. a palestinian police officer has been killed after he opened fire on israeli soldiers at a checkpoint. he wounded three israelis during an attack on the occupied west bank near an illegal settlement. in rack, 17 soldiers killed during a suicide attack in anbar province, isil drove a bulldozer into their base detonating a bond. it happened east of rimadi where heavy fighting continues between the army and isil fighters. the u.n. saying iraq needs $900 million to deal with the humanitarian crisis caused by the war against isil. the iraqi government says it can only raise half the amount needed. imran kahn has more from baghdad. >> with the fall in oil prices,
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iraq faces a shortfall in the funding for the humanitarian crisis. what the u.n. have said is they want to raise $861 million. now the iraqi government needs 1.56 and have 43% of that and rely on the u.n. to raise the rest of it. however, what the u.n. have said is that they don't have that money. they need to go and ask international donors to give them that money. there has been real concern from the u.n. and iraqi government that the international community simply doesn't have the money. take a look at what's going on in europe. you have the refugee crisis, a lot of european countries saying we need that money to help people back home. we have a funding shortfall in iraq and air i can't and the a lot of the u.n. programs aren't being funded. although the u.n. have said we need this nearly $900 million to help iraq out of this humanitarian crisis, that money isn't there yet. that money needs to be raised. we haven't seen the fall of
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fallujah which would spark another humanitarian crisis. also iraq's second largest city of mosul is still under occupation by isil. we will be seeing a perhaps liberation of that city or at least an operation against that city at some point this year, according to iraqi sources, sparking another humanitarian crisis and the y will have to reassess their physician as will the iraqi government. the commander of yemen's popular resistance armed group has been assassinated, killed in the southern port city of aden. he was part of a group fighting houthi rebels two weeks ago. on monday, the u.s. state of iowa will become the first in the country to hold its penaltyical nominating caucus. a win there can make or break their campaign. al jazeera's kimberly reports from des moines, iowa.
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>> it's in homes like this that the united states will hold its first official votes in its presidential nominating contest. >> where is this caucus going to be held? where are the people going to be? >> right here in the living room. >> this is where the caucus is. >> right here, yep. >> to caucus means to gather. you won't see voting machines, people meet by political party at homes, community centers and church. the state of 3 million became prominent in the presidentical election cycle. >> there was a series of changes in 1972 as to how our political parties would select their presidents and iowa happened to go first that year. iowa has been first ever since. >> we will pass out slips of paper for you to vote on. >> the caucus is simple, supporters vote by secret ballot tossed in a hat or basket.
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the nominees for both parties are officially elected. >> supporters gather in the center of the room and then break off into groups behind the candidate they support and that's where things get a little intense. >> we'll have one faction coming in and visiting with another faction, trying to swing people to their side. >> the debate between caucus goers can be heated. still the results serve an important purpose. >> the iowa caucus is special, because it was the first litmus test about what people are feeling about what they want in their commander-in-chief. >> everybody has to be in one place at one time, it means that if the weather is bad, it makes
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it harder for people to get to their caucus locations. of course, it's iowa, it's cold, there's a good chance of snow. >> despite months of courting voters, the results of the caucus could come down to the weather and whether supporters show up on a cold winter night. al jazeera, des moines, iowa. be here are some of what voters in iowa are saying. >> the reason why i chose bernie is because he seems the most personable and the most every day man type candidate. he has a lot of good ideas and some of the programs that he's talking about offering, i feel would increase employment and give us all an opportunity to either he pursue education or a professional trade in some type
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of way. >> i'm a hillary supporter because she's a power woman, someone i can look up to and i know other people can, as well. she's fighting for the rights of me and others. she really is looking out to make sure that the things that have happened in politics are going to continue, those things that promote change in the obama campaign instead of tearing these things down, which i think is very important. >> i always supported hillary and especially now. i feel like she has worked so hard for all of the issues that are so important to all of us and can help all of us so much. one of the those issues is health care. she's always worked hard to get health care reform for us and now that we have it, i agree with her that we need to make it work. it's here, in place, let's make it even better. >> the reason i'm kind of a trump fan is because this country needs a change. it needs a big change. >> i would like to see our borders tightened up like he
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plans on doing. i would like to see the smaller people helped out like needs to be done. there's a lot of things that needs to change. i mean, everything's kind of fell in a heap. one man's not going to be able to change it, either, so it's going to take plenty of support from everybody to change this. >> i support ted cruz, because he's a consistent christian conservative and he'll stand up to the washington cartel. we take you live to washington, where the u.s. secretary of state john kerry is speaking on syria, we believe. let's listen in. >> the people are syria deserve a real choice about the kind of future that they want. not a choice between brutal repression on one side and terrorists on the other. that's the choice the assad regime would like to offer. what the people of syria need is the kind of choice that emerges
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from a credible political process. this week in geneva, that political process can get underway. the road ahead remains challenging. success is not assured. but we have seen through years of savage fighting what the absence of serious negotiation yields. i urge all parties to seize this opportunity and go forward with the best incident rests of their country in mind. the united nations security council created a framework for bringing the war to an end, embracing a ceasefire, human access throughout the country, a transition process, and elections within 18 months in which syrians can determine the future of syria. the opportunity now is real and present to achieve a future that ensures syria's unity, independence, territorial integrity and non-sectarian character to keep state
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institutions intact and protect the rights of all syrians, regardless of ethnicity or religious denomination. we call upon the parties in geneva to take the first urgent steps and not to miss the chance this moment presents. >> you were just listening to the u.s. secretary of state john kerry. he was speaking from washington, d.c. and sending out a message to perhaps the delegates that are in geneva right now who are there to discuss the syrian peace talks, u.s. secretary of state appealing to both sides in the syrian peace talks to seize the opportunity to make measurable progress. he was also saying that a negotiated political pollution in syria would undercut support for isil, and he also did say that the main objective in the syrian peace talks are to achieve a ceasefire and a political transition and he also
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did say -- excuse me i'm just reading off here, that there was no military solution. that is some of what john kerry had to say moments ago. we'll just show you right now the scene in riyadh in saudi arabia. that is the saudi arabian foreign minister. he is giving a press conference with a -- we are monitoring that and we'll listen to any news lines that they come up with and bring them to you right here at al jazeera. we'll move on. at least 10,000 child refugees are said to have disappeared after arriving in europe. they are feared to have fallen into the hands of organized traffickers. this is the first attempt by law enforcement agencies to quantify
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the refugee crisis in europe. europe poll says 5,000 children went missing in italy and a thousand went missing sweden. >> anti immigration sentiment triggered protests in sweden on friday. a group of masked men ran through stockholm attacking anyone they thought foreign. >> police moved in when protestors from two rival groups began to fight, an anti refugee group was calling fortress i go nation of their prime minister. they are angry their country of 10 million loud in 1,000 asylum seekers last year. facing them were 200 anti fascists. >> i was pulled down to the ground and one of them tried to kick me in the head. i managed to grab his foot. the police put a stop to the
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whole inch. >> swedish police are on high alert. they made several arrests after a gang of 100 masked men ran through the streets threatening some refugees, attacking others. >> the target were younger children, or child refugees, youth refugees located within a central station. of course a lot of these attacks resolve around a lot of these discussions that have been going on in the last few weeks. >> neonazi social media messages say it's the duty of squeezed to take a stand against north african children living on the streets. at an asylum center for unaccompanied children, staff locked themselves in a room while 20 young men went on a rampage. concerned about how many refugees are reaching sweden is not just the far right. >> they go out to do what they
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feel is necessary to create an environment where refugees are not feeling welcome. >> the government says half who applied for asylum last year are to have their claims rejected. asen that as half of those will be forced to leave. al jazeera. berlin's iconic airport has played a central role in history for its use by the nazis during world war ii to provide a lifeline for the city during the blockade by the soviet union. all flights were stopped in 2008. the building has been drafted once more back into action. >> this was once a point of departure for germans looking to travel to fortune parts. now it is a point of rival for a growing number of refugees. the hangars that once housed
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aircraft now house people. most have come from syria with their families. >> the conditions here, he says, are poor and cramped. >> first of all, i want to thank the german government and population for the helpfulness. in reality, the situation here is bad and miserable. there are several reasons. we come from a different culture. we care a lot about our personal space, but this is not to be found here. the food is very bad. we and the other families take the food and throw it away. >> many of these people have been here since last september. the company that is providing the facilities to look after them said the system needs to change. >> what has to happen here is like a political decision about this, because at the moment, people are staying here for months and have not enough space per person. >> it was once very different.
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during the 1930's, the nazi regime portrayed it. thousands of planes brought food and other supplies into a city cut off by the soviet union. during the cold war, it became a u.s. air force base before handed back for civilian use following german reunification. all aviation activity ended in 2008. since then, the city converted the old runways into a municipal park. in recent times, it's been an open space once the airport was closed, but now, it's a venue for growing numbers of refugees, a metaphor perhaps for the entire country with the influx of people who have come here. dominic cain, al jazeera at the
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former airport in berlin. authorities in el salvador say 6,000 people could have the zika virus, the disease has left the government to take the controversy measure to advise women not to get pregnant. >> soon to be mothers in a hospital in el salvador, all worrying about the same thing, the zika virus is spreading fast, transmitted by mosquitoes. scientists thinking if the mother is infected, it could cause brain damage to the child. the link has yet to the proved but the government has taken the step of warning women not to get pregnant for at least the next year. that's too late for cristobal who is suffering from the fever and rash. eight months into the pregnancy, the risk to her baby he is
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lower. >> i wouldn't have got pregnant, i really would have wait for the outbreak to finish. >> the vice minister of health says this is just the tip of the iceberg. authorities only recently detected the virus here, but are already getting ready for the brain damaged children they think could be born in around seven months time. >> they started to discuss this to look at what special resources the system needs to give support to these children, looking at other countries to have the problem to strengthen our services. >> while contraception is used, one option women don't have is terminating their pregnancy, even if the fetus is brain damaged. congressman for the capital city believes the no tolerance abortion laws need to be discussed in light of the zika virus threat. >> it's a debate we should take
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seriously, to open up the defense of life not just the babies, but the mother, the family and the damage that can be generated to society. >> the government is concentrating on the root cause, the mosquitoes carrying the virus. >> authorities are fumigating houses and public spaces all over the capital, but there's already 6,000 suspected cases of the zika virus. >> the biggest worry is not for now, but what the future may bring. live to john hohman in san salvador. beside the measures like fumigation that the authorities are taking, what else are officials saying?
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>> we're going to know in seven months time if there is connection to microcephaly the condition in which babies have abnormally small heads which scientists think may be linked to the virus. another virus is born by mosquitoes. he said at its height last year, that affected 17,000 people a week, so we are looking at something that could be a lot worse than it currently issuer el salvador. one of the reasons is that el salvador has got the highest population than any countries in the americas, so the motions don't have to go far to in effect other people. women are aware, they've heard the t.v. cam pages, are taking measures and they do agree with the government -- i'll just have to leave it there and take you to riyadh, the saudi foreign minister.
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he is speaking at a press conference and sitting next to him is his counterpart, the turkish foreign minister. let's listen for a homes. >> all the support we can to them. our role is to consult with them, review options with them, see which options are the best way to move forward, and help them arrive at what we all collectively might think is the most effective approach, so i want to emphasize and underline this point, that our role is to support the syrian president, it is not to persuade them or convince them or much less pressure them, and so that's what we have been doing from the beginning of the conflict and that's what we will continue to do until they realize the objectives they aspire towards which is a new syria without bashar al assad and his regime in place. >> thank you for the question. the opposition was ready for
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geneva. they met and decided their negotiating team, so they were ready, but some countries tried to water down the opposition. they ask opposition to broaden and they propose terrorist groups and the pro iranian groups to join the opposition, and opposition rejected that and we supported opposition decision, very clear. then opposition wanted to see the roadmap, because the negotiations should be started for the political transition. for that there shall be a ceasefire and blockades and embargoes should be lifted, and humanitarian aid without any
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problem and opposition couldn't see that. we asked opposition to go to geneva and we asked that they put their conditions to continue. they can leave at any time. therefore, they are there, so there should be a clear initiative to be implemented and the resolution should be also implemented and the promises of the secretary general and others should be also implemented. therefore in this case, we are also backing the opposition, because these are the legitimate demands of the opposition. thank you.
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>> you were just listening to a press conference being given by the saudi foreign minister as well as the turkish foreign minister, addressing the press about the syrian conflict, of course, this coming on the heels of the so-called peace talks that are meant to be taking place in geneva right now. so that's the theme in riyadh. we are monitoring that and will bring you important news lines that the two foreign ministers have to say, so do stay tuned on al jazeera. we will move to other news and i'll tell you about m.p.'s in myanmar, because they are gathering to mark a historic step of transper of power. elections swept away the military backed governments which replaced decades of army rule. rob mcbride reports from
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myanmar's capital. >> the measured early morning routine of myanmar's capital doesn't betray it, but there is history in the making. she is one of those making it, she and hundreds of other newly elect parliament for the n.l.d. are about to take up their seats. >> myanmar has been waiting for this day for so long, so many ordinary people and members of the n.l.d. sacrificed their lives to get here. >> the military still retains great power. it has control over important ministries and automatically gets a quarter of all seats in parliament, allowing it to block changes to the constitution. >> despite their majority, they know they have to cooperate with the military to rule effectively. the ultimate prize for that cooperation could be a change in
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the constitution, allowing their leader finally to become president. >> she is stopped from becoming president by a clause in the constitution that discal face the parent of a foreign national. her two sons hold british passports. there is speculation the military might withdraw its objection in the new spirit of reconciliation. >> whether you are in parliament or outside of it, we can all work together for the benefit of the people and the country. >> at this event for the outgoing m.p.'s of the military backed government and their civilian successors, there was reconciliation in abundance. >> now our time is up. we dutifully leave for the new people to come in. >> from one of the former generals, a serenade.
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♪ >> crooning to the most influential politician in myanmar right now and possibly its president-in-waiting. whose dreams may yet come true. rob mcbride, al jazeera, myanmar. more than a third of people living in the capital of india have trouble breathing. thousands of residents have been tested as new delhi's pollution levels reach historic highs. children and the elderly are most at risk but even healthy men and women are falling ill. we have more. [ coughing] >> this is how he stays fit in new delhi. he used to exercise in the park every day until this winter when it started making him sick. >> i get minor colds, minor headaches. i feel my lungs are extremely heavy, and these are the problems that i never really noticed in the previous years when i was living here.
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>> a government survey shows one third of people in the city now have reduced lung function, mainly because of air pollution. while aurora doesn't know how badly he's affected, his doctor advised him to spend less time outdoors. >> i used to run every evening and now i don't anymore, because i feel lie lungs feel so heavy. every time i go, i go to a neighbor park to run, i actually come back feeling ill, because i can smell like the pollution out there. >> many doctors have seen an increase in complaints of breathing problems especially among children. the effects may last even after pollution levels decrease. >> once the pollution level goes down, infection rates go down, this will go back but -- we say that there may be a chance that -- >> with pollution levels now among the words in the world,
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people are demanding the government act. >> the growing popularity of cars is one of the main sources of air pollution, along with factories and agri business. the state government is adding more buses and expanding the metro rail net work. it has had suction in banning drivers to alternate days. in the short term, the government wants people to think hard about choices they make. >> if people want to reduce pollution, they can. if they feel they have to buy a car, maybe after five years, they'll do it. rising temperatures are expected to bring down the pollution in the air, making it at least more tolerable. restoring the city's air quality will need some clear thinking with a long term horizon. al jazeera, new delhi. >> senegal's fashion industry is making room for growing demand from muslim women who wear a
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veal. as attacks increase, there's more pressure to ban the hijab. >> scening clothes for the muslim women, it's a business opportunity that simply can't be ignored. after working in paris, she started her own brand. customers ask for longer dresses and even the full veil. >> women, whether old or young, feel more respected wearing the veil especially in conservative societies. it's a sign of confidence and trustworthy. >> she and other designers showing collections at the muslim conference, showcasing
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the diversity in fashion. some of it could be band, saying veils pose a security threat. they are illegal in cameron, niger where somebody have been killed by bombs concealed under the robes. organizers of this event are promoting fashion, not violence. >> i think it's a debate that is stigmatizing the wrong people. i don't have to -- actually, it's saying in a way, let's create an alternative trend, this new islamic clothing trend and show people that i can be fashionable, open minded, that i can be smart. entrepreneurial, that i can bare without having to show my body
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if i don't want to that. that is the message we want to get across. >> the fashion is a growing market. last year was estimated to be worth $230 billion globally. it's not just local shops making clothes like this, big brands are making clothes for muslim women. they, too, see an opportunity in the fashion. despite the security threat and debates surrounding the veil, it is believed the demand for clothing like this is only going to grow. it's time for the sports news. >> thank you very much. world number one djokovic beat andy murray in straight sets to win the australia open. he is just the second man to win six tights.
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we have more. >> it's now six of the best for djokovic, taking home the cup yet again. the 28-year-old can claim that he amounts with the greatest players of all time. andy murray would testify to that. the pair were born a week apart, but the group between them at players getting bigger by the year. >> the first set came and went. the world number one always had an answer. the second set was much less one sided. once again, the third set was no walk over for djokovic, but as he's done so often against murray, found an extra level when needed.
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he needed a tie break to win it, but win it he did, seven points to three for a three sets to love victory for his 11t 11th grand slam title. >> we should cherish every moment that we get to experience now, because these are the tournaments we all value and want to play well on and no doubt that i'm playing the best tennis of any life in last 15 months. >> next up for djokovic is the one major title he hasn't won, the french open. the dream of winning all grand slams in one season could be a real possibility. the brazilian won his second title within 24 hours, having won the men's doubt on that saturday, suarez won the mixed
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doubles title. they won two sets to one. he became the first brazilian to win an australian open title. new women's champion has been reflecting on her shock victory over serena williams, revealing that she received a message of congratulations from germany's last grand slam champion and her idol, stephi graph. >> needing more practice opening champagne bottles, but being the center of attention is something the german is going to have to get used to. >> my dream came true. when i was a kid, i was always dreaming to win one day a grand slam. i think i had a really crazy week with the first round when i was a match point down, but the best three weeks of my life.
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>> two sets to one victory over serena williams will go down as one of the biggest upsets in recent times. she becomes the first german woman since stephi graph in 1999 to win a grand slam singles title. >> when i won the match point, i had so many emotions and of course positive things, so getting in my mind that i making history as well as in germany, and everything is supporting me, so it was a just incredible feeling which i will never forget. >> stephi graph was the last germ women to win a grand slam and her 22 tights yet to be equalled. rein i can't williams remains at 21 tights, but suggesting grand slam number 22 will come sooner
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rather than later. as for the newer champion, she's expected to rise to a career high number two when the new word rankings were reds on monday. she'll have to deem with the added pressure that comes with being the newest grand slam champion. al jazeera. michael clarke announced he will come out of retirement five months after quitting the sport. he resigned after last summer's ashes and will play for sydney a great team west of suburbs next month. >> being away from the game and spending nearly five minutes away from cricket, i've miss that had competitive side of the game. it's just time away from the game. i'm a father still playing cricket, it's in the blood. the warriors beat
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philadelphia after late three-pointer with .2 seconds left on the clock. the raptors came from behind to beat the pistons 111-107, their 11th win in a row. it equals the record of major league baseball's team the blue jays and the best winning streak by a sports team from toronto. play suspended in the singapore open putting the word tour on hold. round four is set to resume monday. that's all the sport. >> thank you for that update. thanks for watching the news our on al jazeera. that's it from doha. we hand you over to london. more news in a moment.
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>> a series of attacks hit damascus. sixty die as leaders search for a way to end the war. i'm in geneva, the main syrian opposition block is here but are split on whether to join the negotiations. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, at least 65 are i would killed in a bomb attack in nigeria, boko haram is thought to be responsible.

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