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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 12, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EST

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moving with urgency. a task force on syria is set to meet after world powers agree on a pause in fighting within a we week. hello there. welcome to al jazeera live from doha. also on the program, hillary clinton takes on democratic rival bernie sanders in the first one-on-one debate since she lost the new hampshire primary. farmers in greece threatened to drive all the way to parliament. we will tell you what they're
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angry about. plus >> we have detected gravitational waves. we did the the landmark discovery that could change the way scientists observe the universe. the nuchlt task force on syria will meet in the next few hours after world powers agreed to end the fighting in late night talks in munich. russia is continuing with its air strikes however. leaders want the hostilities halted within a week. i.s.i.l. and al-nusra are not included in the deal. it is agreed to push for the humanitarian aid for those in need. supplies will be dropped by air to some besieged towns and villages as early as next week. these steps will be monitored by the task force funded by russia and the u.s.
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>> reporter: 19 delegations. the sponsors of international peace efforts in syria gathering in an effort to get things back on track. but the most important meeting happened several hours earlier on 15th floor of the same munich hotel. this is where russian foreign minister and u.s. secretary of state john kerry came face-to-face. if you look at those faces, you can tell from the very start this was a difficult meeting. the russians proposed a ceasefire from march 1 but the u.s. said that would mean three weeks more aerial bombardment and called for it to begin as early as this weekend. when they finally addressed the media, it was in the early hours of the munich morning and it was clear neither man had got exactly what he wanted. instead they announced an ambitious target of just one week in which to stop the violence. >> we have agreed to implement a
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nation-wide cessation of hostilities to begin with a target of one week's time. that is ambitious, but everyone is determined to move as rapidly as possible to try to achieve this. this will apply to any and all parties in syria with the exception of the terrorist organizations d.a.e.s.h. and al-nusra. >> translation: now when we have written down the need of an integrated approach to all of these problems, i hope the opposition and those who control various groups have no more reasons to avoid their obligations. a >> reporter: they said a joint task force will be set up to get humanitarian aid which would meet for the first time in a matter of hours in gen eve a >> this is the list of the areas and the people who are in need and the numbers of them.
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the isfg has told us, the u.n., you are in charge of launching this initiative, with our support. >> reporter: this was a very long and often difficult series of meetings. what they have achieved reads well on paper, but the big test now will be turning it into reality on the ground. james bays our correspondent is in has could you and another correspondent is in-- moscow and another is in gaziantep. what is the response? we have been espeaking to officials inside and outside of syria and they want any deal to relieve suffering on the ground. there is humanitarian crisis in aleppo. more than 50,000 people are now homeless. these people left their homes with nothing. they need all the help they can
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get. they're welcoming this but at the same time people are skeptical. they say that they do not trust the intentions of the syrian government and its backer russia. they say over the past few years there were ceasefire deals but they never took effect on the ground. they were not implemented. in fact, more people were killed. they believe the government is just trying to buy time to take more ground because for them what is going on is really an effort to weaken the opposition and their strong holds while the world concentrates on what is happening in aleppo, we have to make clear that the offences are across syria, particularly in the northern province of homes. we're getting reports from activists on the ground that 18 people if not more were killed in russian air strikes this morning. the government wants to isolate this area, force the rebels to surrender and cut the links between homs to areas in northern syria. so this offensive is continuing. also in the southern province of
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deraa has made gains. the feeling among opposition fighters on the ground is that the government wants a pause in fighting but until that happens they're going to press ahead to gain as much territory as possible because for them what the government is doing is negotiating on the battle field and it is not really interested in the political settlement or sharing power. what they're interested this is a military solution and impose their own settlement to the conflict a lot of scepticism there on the ground. let's hear on what moscow is saying about what this deal means for its operations on the ground. >> reporter: i think it's clear that with the ceasefire slated to come into effect in a week's time that means that there will be at least a week more of bombing from the russians and a week more for the syrian army to try and achieve its objectives on the ground. even when the ceasefire does
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come into play, the russians are saying that they will not stop bombing because they are going to carry on hitting, as they put it, i.s.i.l. and al-nusra, the groups that the u.n. has declared to be terrorist organizations. the diplomatic language is to do with this task group and what it is going to be doing, how it is going to be comprised. there have been two warnings, though. one from lavrov saying that the united states and its regional allies have a responsibility to push the opposition groups that they back in syria not to dodge their as the russians put it, their obligation in this ceasefire agreement. there was also a warning from the russian prime minister who spoke to a german newspaper on thursday essentially telling the u.s. and regional allies, to got get involved in the ground war. don't send any troops across the
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borders into syria because this might result in some kind of interminable or even a world war thank you for that. meanwhile, russia's deputy prime minister has met iraq's foreign minister in baghdad and he says russia is prepared to send in help to the iraqi government to fight i.s.i.l. >> translation: in response to iraq's requests of more military aid, we will respond with the exchange of information. our surveillance forces have our troops in syria. they're capable of providing adequate information to us in the u.s. the presidential hopefuls hillary clinton and bernie sanders have faced off in their latest debate. they're trying to get the minority vote. our correspondent reports.
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>> reporter: hours before the democratic debate, presidential hopeful bernie sanders released this television ad. it features the daughter of eric garner killed by police during an arrest for selling cigarettes. now an activist, she says she is endorsing bernie sanders for president >> i'm hind anyone who is going to speak up and listen to us - behind. >> reporter: hillary clinton was endorsed. the battle for the support of the african american and latino voters was the focus for the presidential candidates in their latest debate. at issue who was more supportive of immigrants allowed to stay after entering the united states illegal >> i voted for immigration reform in 2007. sandsers voted against if at that time >> when we saw children coming from these horrendously violent
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areas of honduras and neighboring countries, people who are fleeing drug vie lens and cartel violence, i thought it was a good idea to allow those children to stay in this country. that was not, as i understand it, the secretary's position. >> reporter: they argued over the causes of systemic racism in the u.s. clinton argued the causes are institutional. when it comes to supporting america's first black president, clinton went on the attack. >> today sandsers said that president obama failed the presidential leadership test. this is not the first time that he has criticized president obama. in the past he has called him weak a disappointment. >> that is a low blow. i have worked for his first election and his re-election. i think it is really unfair to suggest that i have not been supportive of the president. >> reporter: clinton is counting
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on the backing of minority voters who have in the past supported her. the next contests are in nevada and south carolina both with significant latino and african-american voters. the so-called minority vote is one that hillary clinton can no longer count on farmers in greece are planning a mass anti austerity demonstration. around 20,000 people are expected plus their tractors which they plan to park in a square in the city center. >> reporter: on the hill side this man tends his vines. when summer comes his grapes will be shipped as far away as germany, but the changing seasons bring uncertainty. the greek government wants to introduce tax hikes and sharp
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increases in pension contributions, changes that the farmers say will leave them destitute. >> it is about 70 to 75% of our incomes going to taxes and pension. this is not affordable but the death of farmers. >> reporter: for the past 20 days local farmers have gathered at a makeshift blockade on the highway to athens. if their demands are not met, they say they will drive in convoy to the capital. the humble tractor has become a symbol of resistance. >> translation: our message is for the government to take back their proposed pension and tax measures and for us to sit down at the table to discuss our new set of terms. >> reporter: elsewhere in greece farmers have used their vehicles to block highways and border crossings. it has forced people to take long detours and brought chaos to the country's road. they're calling for negotiations
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to end the stand-off. the e.u. and international monetary fund have agreed to give greece 96 billion dollars to avoid meltdown but only if the country shows its able for economic change. >> translation: what should be clear is that reform is not optional nor merely contractual obligation of the company. it is absolutely necessary for the pension itself for it to have a future >> reporter: it's not just the farmers that are angry. in the last month the threat of tax hikes have led to a general strike and brought the police out in protest here on the streets of athens. the government's slim grip on power is being tested to the limit. as night draws in here, the farmers gather to plan their convoy. they know the police will be out in force to stop them. they say they don't want violence, but many are willing to fight if they have to. for these farmers, the seeds of discontent have been sewn and now it's time to act - sown
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still to come here on the program. >> reporter: i'm in south africa where four white farmers are being accused of killing two black farm workers. find out why the trial is causing so much tension plus beef prizes in indonesia are some of the highest in the world. we're in east timor looking at efforts to bring down costs. and i love him as a brother. >> one mississippi journalist seeking justice for civil rights cases gone cold. >> it's not just about prosecution, it's about remembering. detailing of history. >> our special report. only on al jazeera america.
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welcome back. you're watching al jazeera and here is a recap of the top stories. u.n. task force is set to meet on how to deliver humanitarian
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aid to besieged areas in syria. this follows an agreement by world powers to have hostilities there ended within one week. activists say russian air strikes are continuing. presidential hopefuls hillary clinton and bernie sanders have taken part in their second one-on-one debate. the democrats clashed over election campaign contributions. immigration and health care. a report of police in greece have tired tear gas at farmers holding a mass anti austerity demonstration in athens. they're angry at the government's plans to implement austerity measures. four white farmers accused of killing two black workers in africa. apparently the men went to ask for wages owed to them but the farmers say they were being robbed and acted out of self defense. >> reporter: when the police
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told this woman her son samuel had been shocked and killed, she was devastated. she said earlier that kay day he told her he was going to collect his salary from the boss, an african farmer. >> translation: they didn't just shoot him. he was tortured. when i saw his body it looked like he had opinion hacked by a knife, cut in many cases. then someone ran over him with a car: >> reporter: more details will come out during the trial. some farmers in the area say they heard there was an attempted robbery. >> this has nothing to do with racist. all the farmers was at their homes after a day's work. they get an emergency call and they respond. everything was 10%. it is not for me to say, but the case must be investigated
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>> reporter: in south africa violence on farms with common and the problem appears to be getting worse. many farms are isolated and far from police stations. farmers are taking extra precautions. they have their own farmers neighborhood watch. the civil rights organization says that there were 318 violent incidents on farms last year. 64 farmers and workers were murdered. there has been 26 reported attacks in january. six people have been killed. some experts say the reasons for the violence are complicated. >> we believe there is more to it. it's not only about race. obviously, race does play a role due to the history of our country, due to the huge inequality of occur country. also we believe that the economy that puts people on a strange and this causes frustration and then an outflow of it. an outflow of it for example is violence, is crime and security issues that affect all africans
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>> reporter: whether this latest incidence was something that began as an argument over wages. >> i want them to pay. >> reporter: or was it criminally motivated. it won't bring her son back. he was a farm worker and she wants someone held accountable for his death south sudan's president has reappointed his arch rival as the country's vice president. the appointment is part of a peace deal brokered last year following two years of civil war. he was sacked as vice president after being accused of planning a coup. south korea has cut off power and water supplies to an industrial complex in north korea. a jointly run industrial park is the latest flash point to deteriorate after the missile
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launch earlier this week >> translation: they expelled our people in a very short amount of time and did not allow them to take products from factories and illegally treeing valuable assets. the conduct of the north is very reregretable and we make it clear that the north will be responsible for everything that happens qatar and pa pakistan have signed a gas deal. the agreement will see qatar providing 20% of pakistan's gas requirements. a severe energy shortage has affected self-industries in pakistan. >> reporter: this factory has the capacity to employ 300 workers. these days fewer than 100 work here. because of an acute shortage of electricity and gas the floor is operating at a third of its capacity. it is getting difficult to meet delivery deadlines.
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that means angry buyers and cancelled orders. factory owners who want to expand cannot plan ahead. if they underperform, they won't get new business going forward. >> translation: our production capacity is around 12,000 pieces per day. our production has dropped. there is a gas and electricity shortage and it is hurting the district >> reporter: the government plans to bridge the gap between demand and supply of electricity with new projects based on coal, gas, nuclear energy and solar par >> reporter: the energy crisis has existed for many years. it is not just the industry, but outages effected everyone in the country. critics of pakistan's politicians have said they're short on fixes-- on short-term fixes rather than long-term solution. a trial and error approach which
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involves one problem which creates another hasn't worked >> we are currently concentrating on generating electricity from imported fuel, coal or lng. imported fuel will cost foreign exchange and we don't have foreign exchange. our exports are not growing as fast as our exports are growing. for every dollar of exports, we have $2 of imports. >> reporter: mismanagement and corruption are also impeding growth. a chinese plant is already controversial and the auditor general of pakistan has raised questions about how it is being run. it has faced technical faults and hasn't been able to provide the planned 425 megawatts of energy. the government says it is doing all it can to turn around the economy. aacknowledges that solving the emergency crisis is going to be a large part of it beef prices in indonesia are some of the highest in the
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world. it is down to a lack of supply. farms remain small and transport costs in the island nation are high. the government is looking for ways to reduce the expenses. our correspondent travels to kupang in east timor to see the journey. >> reporter: bulls boarding a ferry for a week long ferry ride. they have already travelled for days. they have had to make 13 stops along the way. at each one their price went up and their health down. the government tries to speed up the process and reduce high transport costs by introducing the subsidized ferry. traders are forced to accept a lower price. so far they have refused to do so so. >> translation: if they want to reduce the price of beef, that is impossible. even if we send one thousand bulls every week, the price
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can't go down. it is like trawling into the sea. >> reporter: low supply has turned indonesia beef into a luxury item with one of the world's highest prices for a kilo. to keep up with the demand, they import hundreds of thousands of cavils every year. the government hope that cattle ferries could transport for bull. these cows have become a symbol of national pride, but indonesia trying to be less independent on australian imports, the nation wants to become self sufficient in brief production, but experts say often cheap transport for cows won't achieve this. this man says he has never received any government assistance to improve production. his cows are skinny because he struggles to offer good food. >> translation: if the government would care about the cattle farmers, i'm sure we
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would be able to compete with australian beef, but we can't do this on our own. >> reporter: the governor says he can't help individual farmers, but he is trying to increase production by assisting breeders. >> translation: our beef is a lot tastier than australian beef. >> reporter: in the next two years he hopes to increase production to one million cows, despite protests by traders, they have continued to transport buls to jakara hoping prices will come down at least 49 people have been killed in a prison riot in north-eastern mexico. it is believed the violence began when two factions of a gang got into a fight. >> reporter: witnesses say the fire and riot began just after midnight on thursday. dozens of prisoners were killed
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before authorities took back control of the prison. the fire lasted for several hours according to witnesses. it is the largest prison in the northern state and it is known for being over crowded. rescue workers evacuated victims some with burns. the governor spoke to the press. >> translation: we have no jail breakss or the use of firearms. security was around the prison. >> reporter: family members gathered outside the prison and tried to break their way in. several hours after authorities took control, family members were waiting for answers >> translation: i don't know. please help up. the woman director, come out and confront us. give us the names, please, the names. that's it. where is she? >> reporter: in recent years deadly prison riots have become common in mexico where drug gangs are often housed in the
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same facilities scientists have confirmed the existence of gravitational waves. they're thought to be tiny ripples in space time that could provide a new look into the way we see our universe. >> reporter: space and time. the two basic elements of the universe that once seemed indistinct until albert einstein's general theory of relativity changed our perception. it was in a move one could travel through a collapsing star or black hole or time and space meld into a fourth dimension. scientists say they witnessed' emergencying of two black holes some billion years ago and the ripple of gravity that followed. the black hole created a violent
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storm in the fabric of space and time. the time speeded up and slowed down, a storm in which the shape of space was bent in this way and that way. >> reporter: last september two facilities located on opposite sides of the u.s. detected the wave which lasted just a fraction of a second. the laser instruments which picked it up could hear it as it third partied, slowed down here for the human ear >> that's the chirp we've been looking for. this is the signal we have measured. >> reporter: in the next few years, scientists from india, italy and japan, some of whom are here, plan to expand the scope and monitoring at facilities of their own. a space antenna could discovery many things >> we will also hear many things and as we open a new window we
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will see many things that we have never seen before >> reporter: phenomena that is observed by einstein's successors you can always keep up-to-date with the latest news developments on our website. you have another chance to see all our programs. all that and much more at aljazeera.com tonight candidates continue to drop out of the presidential race but i will is a former democratic governor if he plans to jump in. in our panel, should americans be publicly shamed into voting. our final thought. hey, airlines thank you for the pretzels. i'm adam may. with the primary season underway the losers are starting to pile up while the survivors are