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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  February 14, 2016 3:00am-3:31am EST

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>> only on al jazeera america. >> we honor his extraordinary service to our nation and remember one of the towering legal figures of our time the conservative supreme court judge scalia has died. now the political argument begins over who will replace him and when. hello. welcome to al jazeera. these are our other stop stories. >> we're living in dangerous times. >> this is a man who insults his
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way to the nomination >> reporter: tempers fray as presidential hopefuls clash in south carolina. why more and more children are being killed in afghanistan. diplomatic disagreement about whether a pause will work in syria one of the u.s. supreme courts most conservative members has died. justice scalia was 79. his death has the power to shift the balance on the court. republican nominees fought hard in a debate a little earlier but first our correspondent on the life and legacy of justice
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scalia. >> reporter: as the flag dropped to half staff over the u.s. supreme court, the death of justice scalia sets off what can be a battle between the white house and the congress. >> he was a larger than life president on the bench. a brilliant legal mind with an energetic style and decisive wit and colorful opinions. >> reporter: he often tilted the scales of justice. he was elected to the nine member court that interprets the constitution, he promised not to transform the court >> i am not going onto the court with a list of things that i want to do. i only want to be a good judge. >> reporter: for 30 years he pushed the court in favor of the death penalty and the individual right to bear arms >> he will be best remembered as a witty and powerful and pun
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jent writer. very, very distinct >> reporter: he believed in an unchanging constitution. >> you cannot adopt a theory that the constitution is ee vaefling and the supreme court will tell you what it means from age to age. you cannot do that without causing the supreme court to become a very political institution. >> reporter: his critics say that's exactly what he did. his vote on key five to four decisions struck down pay negotiations and help decide the 2011 election in favor of george w bush. in the midst of another presidential election, it could tip the balance from a conservative majority to a liberal one. president obama says he intends to name his successor >> there will be plenty of time for me to do so and the senate to fulfil its responsibility to
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give that person a fair hearing and a timely vote. >> reporter: it comes as the court faces upcoming decisions affirmative action on union dues, delth penalty and others. -- death penalty. >> reporter: the man which sets the agenda for the senate says the next appointment should be by the in the president. that could all mean three branches of the government, presidency, congress and high court are all in play in the coming election. >> reporter: more from al jazeera's correspondent. >> reporter: the death of u.s. supreme court justice is not going to just impact people in the u.s. but an impact on the broader globe.
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u.s. president obama recently helped make that deal in the paris climate summit. he came back saying there are new rules that the states had to curb the greenhouse gas emission. the justice said it can't go into account until it went through the court system. now he has passed away, it is likely that the supreme court won't be able to weigh in on this. so the lower court will decide that if there is authority, it is likely that those regulations will go into effect. meaning it will be likely that those paris talks are implemented the justice's death came up at a very ill tempered debate between presidential hopefuls. >> reporter: a moment silence to match the death of a supreme court justice just before the republican debate. the question of a replacement of him dominated early exchanges.
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should obama apint one. i think he is going to do it. i think it is up to mich mcconnell and everyone else to stop it. it's called delay delay >> i think the next president should be able to decide. >> reporter: ted cruz highlighted the political significance which decides on important constitutional questions >> the senate needs to stand strong and say we're not going to give up the u.s. supreme court for a generation by allowing obama to make one more liberal appointee. >> reporter: there was a bitter exchange on the role the last president played in iraq. jeb bush was happy to defend his brother. >> jeb is so wrong. jeb is absolutely so. >> he gets foreign policy from the shows. who is a great negotiator.
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we're living in dangerous times. this is a man who insults his way to the nomination. marco rubio had an awful debate in new hampshire, but there was this attack on ted cruz on the subject of immigration >> this is a disturbing pattern now because for a number of weeks now ted cruz has been telling lies. he lied about ben carson in iowa, he lies about marriage, he is lying about all sorts of things. now he makes things up >> reporter: this was a bad night for donald trump. his came under attack from almost everyone. the reality is here in south carolina he still tops the polls by more than 20 points. the death of the justice make it as a huge election issue >> if you don't win the election, you can't appoint a supreme court justice. i hope look at this to make sure that we nominate somebody that can win the white house. >> reporter: this was the
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loudest debate so far. it is how important south carolina will be and how the stakes for the men who want to be president are getting higher here is what donald trump had to say after the debate. >> >> i'm the front runner and i understand that. i think it was my best debate so far. because you're the front runner that tends to happen >> reporter: what do you think is going to happen on election day? >> i think we will win big. i love south carolina and i love the people and they're really smart. they get it. when people are telling the truth, you have to straighten them out. that's what i did. i love the people of south carolina i think we're going to have a big syringe tree. thank you a new u.n. report says more than 11,000 civilians have been killed or injured in afghanistan in 2015. the vast majority of the deaths
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were groups opposed to the government including the taliban. research shows a 4% increase in civilian casualties on the previous year. more than 3,500 civilians were killed. 7,000 were injured. fighting on the ground caused fatals and injury. anti-government forces, including the taliban, were responsible for 62% of casualties. the u.n. assistance submission in afghanistan has documented a 37% increase in female casualties and 14% increase in child casualties. going live to the capital and our correspondent there. what does the u.n. say is behind this alarming rise in the number of civil i can't bes being killed and injured? >> reporter: this report is delivered every year by the u.n. assistance mission in
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afghanistan. their purpose is not to assess and explain why this violence is happening. their mission is to compile tolls. when you look at the rise in violence in afghanistan over the past couple of years, they coincide with the gradual drawn-down of u.s. and international forces over the past couple of years and that seems to suggest a couple of things. one, that perhaps one, that perhaps
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>> reporter: will they succeed and cut back. a lot of uncertainty, but win thing remaining certain, civilians still pay paying paying a high price for this war still more to come. we will be in the deep tropical wilderness meeting the people brave enough to hunt these.
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really wrong. >> all hell broke lose. >> people were saying that we were terrorists. >> how are you providing a cover for your brother to do this? >> we saw the evil side of the social media take off.
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welcome back. u.s. supreme court justice scalia has died at the age of 79. he was one of the court's most conservative members. his death could shift the power in the court allowing president obama to include a fifth liberal justice. his death took extra stage of the presidential debate. the hopefuls turned on each other in the most hotly contested show down so far. a new u.n. report says more than
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11,000 civilians have been killed or injured in afghanistan in 2015. the vast majority of death were caused by groups opposed to the government, including the taliban. it's the last day of the munich security conference. the war in syria as dominated the discussions so far. this is as you can see addressing this conference. the former u.n. secretary general and, of course, a former special envoy on syria. now, at this conference the major powers agreed that they will try to work towards acisation of hostilities in syria, but there are still documents as to whether this pause in the fighting can actually happen. the u.s. meanwhile has urged turkey to halt military strikes to kurdish targets within syria. turkey has remud its shelling of
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y.p.g. targets near the town of asas. ankara wants the y.p.g. to withdraw. >> translation: during the attacks of y.p.g. forces there have been retaliation was taken after the rules of engagement after forces that represented a threat and the surrounding area and to counter the efforts of these fighters who are clearly an offshoot of the p.k.k.'s efforts to gain their own territory in syria as well as to ensure the refugees can can
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>> reporter: we're trying to confirm with the military, but the turkish prime minister making it clear that for them
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asas is a red line. that is a bordertown. the russian y.p.g. advance towards there is considered a national security threat for the turkish government, even warning the y.p.g., the kurdish armed group, that they are not allowed to approach the border, they are not allowed to approach aziz. we have to remember over the past few days the y.p.g. has taken ground. taking advantage of the situation. the rebels on the ground say that they are now squeezed between a number of forces. the government as well as the y.p.g. we know they do not want to see the y.p.g. expand and take more territory. we know that their goal is to link that enclave with areas they control in the north east of the country. so hash words from turkey. reports of further shelling,
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complicating the situation. the u.s. appealing on both sides to deescalate the situation. the u.s. has told the turkish government to stop shelling. it has told the y.p.g. not to take advantage of the chaos on the ground to seize land as we've just heard from the saudis, they are now sending their war planes into the turkish air base preparing for the fight against i.s.i.l. >> reporter: yes. really a sign of seriesness on the part of saudi arabia because they did offer to send ground forces to take part in any ground operation if and when the u.s. led coalition decides to go after i.s.i.l. in syria and iraq. showing that we have now sent our planes, the turkish government saying they're ready to participate, send ground forces in, but those statements have been received with - the
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syrian government, they have warned the saudi arabia not to take such a move because according to them it will be seen as a form of aggression. in the words of the syrian foreign minister, the foreign troops who do enter syria will return to the countries in coffins. heightened tensions in the reasons, more than one front, numerous warring parties involved in the syrian war thank you for that. a man has been killed in a fight at a center housing asylum seekers in sweden. at least four people were involved. this is the second killing in a month. last year 163,000 people crossed over. there are an estimated nine million bangladeshi migrants overseas who send over 15
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billion dollars home every year. many find it hard to adjust to their new life. our correspondent visited a migrant training complex in dakaa to see how they're preparing their citizens for a family. >> reporter: the washing machine it is an mormidable foe if you've never seen one before. this woman had never even seen one before, nor dishwasher or mike wave or vacuum cleaner. most migrants like her come from a similar background, making for a steep learning curve when they go out to find jobs as domestic workers. >> translation: when i go abroad, i won't be able to speak the language. if i don't know how to use the equipment as well, they won't keep me for very long. what if i didn't know how to use
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the iron and burnt all the clothes. >> reporter: with the vast majority of migrants heading to the states, they need to though these things. back in a kitchen that is more familiar to her, a former migrant is trying to recover from some severe trauma. this woman who we will call hasina to protect her identity says she was sexually abused and tortured by her employers abroad. she said her atraining center was useful to keech her, but fell short when it came to teaching her how to protect herself. >> translation: i went there to work and send money back, but i got unlucky. >> translation: there are allegations of abuse here as well. of women not being tortured here. we're not consideredials everywhere.
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relatively speaking it's not that bad abroad >> reporter: rights groups, including human rights watch disagree. publishing reports documenting how my grants domestic workers are particularly vulnerable to abuse. despite the efforts of the government's training centers, it still means taking a big risk to going abroad, not just in terms of looking out of place but also because they don't know how to use a microwave often in taiwan, a search has been called off. 114 people are known to have died in the quake while more than 280 were rescued. it is thought everyone trapped in the golden dragan build in the city of tainan have now been accounted for. a 5.7 magnitude quake has rocked the new zealand city of
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christchurch. vehicles could be seen shaking in driveways, but so far no major reports of damage or injuries. they are had one in 2011 which killed 85 people. as the presidential campaign gets underway in the philippines, with you topic high on voters' mind is security. a long conflict came to an end when a government signed a peace deal with muslim separatists, but the greater autonomy promise to the reason has yet to be ratified. >> reporter: they are united in grief. over the last 40 years each woman here has lost a male relative during the trunls between the rebels-- troubles between the rebels and the state. this woman's husband died >> translation: my home was brought down.
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i run a street store. no permanent home in an uncertain future >> reporter: they longed for peace, one that the whole community can embrace. a peace deal between the government to the liberation front was soop signed two years ago after more than a decade of negotiations. the peace agreement contained a legislation which would give the muslim group in the country more stand. it never happened. one law maker involved in the peace negotiations said that one provision in the agreement for a more parliamentary style system at regional level was a sticking point. if that was removed it could be passed. the largest armed group in the philippine signed that accord. they have assured everyone that the agreement is not in
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jeopardy. >> translation: these are important to the next generation. we are struggling for so many. this will be start simply because of the peace that we are aspiring for >> reporter: some christians here are nervous about more autonomy for the area which they believe would weigh things in favor of the muslims >> translation: i am happy that the law was not passed as i don't want to be under the patrol of muslims. >> reporter: this has a vibrant and culture which is seen as a potential tourist attraction. keeping the peace situation alive is important for all concerned. some rebel splinter groups rejengt any deal done with mall manilla. stability and a chance to rebuild her shattered life is ail that this woman wants.
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she hopes that her call for peace will be heard beyond the shores of the country pope francis has had tough words for mexico's political and religious elite warning them that they must stand up to the drug trafficking gangs. he will be giving a mass on sunday. >> translation: god awoke and awoke the hope of the lowly, of those who suffer of the displaced and discarded and all those who feel that they don't have a dignified place in these lands. he comes close to the suffering but strong hearts of so many people that have seen that are children lost or snatched criminally to the u.s. now.
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the most famous resident of the national park in florida is probably the american aligator, but it is home to nonnative speak cease, including the burmese python. our correspondent has been following the efforts. >> reporter: this man makes his living guiding tourists through the national park. his relationship with the area runs much deeper. he grew up here and saw his first python as a child. their population has exploded since then >> we will never win the battle, but at least we can keep the numbers down and we have control. >> reporter: officials estimate the numbers in the thousands and say the threat to this delicate ecosystem is very well >> they're unstoppable and so quiet and deadly.
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there could be many down here. you will need see them >> i walk through the bush and you're going to keep walking until you step on one. >> reporter: now wildlife officials issue licences to bring the pythons under control. he has caught almost 80. i have respect for them, i love them, but after a bite eye realized that if i was aalone that day, i would have died. >> reporter: when the first of these sanctioned hunts began it attracted about 1500 people from 30 different states. it's not about the number of pythons that are captured and killed, it is about raising awareness of what is now considered one of florida's most aggressive invasive species. education programs have been running in florida for a few years now as the threat from the python has grown. some remain sceptical, but a
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reptile so suited to the state's sub-tropical climate can ever be eradicated you can find out about all the news at aljazeera.com 7♪ ♪ ♪ >> inspired by the ration to riches story of the hero, manny pacquiao, the brutal reality is few will succeed. not that it stops young hopefuls from trying, even if it destroys them.

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