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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 22, 2016 3:00am-3:31am EST

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a stand-off at a university in india between police and five students facing charges of sedition. hello. women come. i'm peter dobbie live from our headquarters in doha. also on this program, uganda's opposition leader has been taken into police custody as his supporters plan to protest against the results of presidential election. the authorities begin a massive clean-up operation after a
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cyclone tore through fiji. plus. >> reporter: i'm reporting from indanny sha where people have - indonesia where people here have sold their kidney to a kidney syndicate there is a tense stand-off going on between students and police. they're outside a campus of their university. the president of the union was arrested earlier and charged with sedition. that sparked anger and outrage against the government. >> translation: this fight is not just about the fight of us now. it's about all of us. it's about this university and all universities across the
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nation. it's about a society and what kind of society we will be in the future. in the past ten days i have learned so many things that i never knew before. i've got two times to pakistan. i don't have a passport a report from the campus of the jnu university in new delhi. >> reporter: police showed up on this campus early this morning after five students accused of sedition against india came onto the campus late last night. the five are accused of yelling anti national slow gangs at a protest-- slogans. a student has been in custody since that time. the five students say they went into hiding after receiving death threats against them and their families despite there being some video evidence against them being false. the allegations have sparked an outrage across the country,
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particularly among right wing and nationalist groups who accuse students here as being anti national. now the whole issue say this has been blown out of proportion it is government cracking down on criticism against it and they say that freedom of speech in india is being threatened. the students here have been holding a vigil since last night and are meeting with tabbing you willty and vice chancellor as to whether police should be allowed on campus to make arrests. the five students do want to surrender, but the students are saying they will protest those charges staying in india, in the state where protests of a caste based benefits have spiralled into violence. 12 people have died from the jat community calling greatly access to education and jobs.
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protestors damaged the water supply line and they have been blocking roads and trains for five days. it is nearly 8 millions. it is based on the caste system that gives special status to members of lower castes who get easier access to government jobs and university places. they feel their community has been over looked hurting them economically. they also want an assured share of the public sector jobs on offer. the protests have turned violent. soldiers fired on demonstrators who blocked railway tracks and blocked ministers' homes. >> reporter: protesters have been granted or allowed reservation status by the government previously, but the supreme court stepped in and said that this cannot be so because of their status and because it tips the numbers of
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the people or the percentage of the population who get reservation status. you can only have 50% of the community or states having reservation. giving it to the jats will make it more than 50% as they are a large part of that population. going back to what is happening here, we're now hearing that there have been sporadic bursts of violence again, more protests where we have seen some of the biggest aggressions and that's where the protesters have set fire to buildings and vehicles. this is despite thousands of army and thousands of para military troops on the ground. they had originally said that they had unblocked many of the roads but some of those blockades are coming back on. once again this is a very fluid situation and pockets of protesters are saying they will not believe the government until they have it in written form that they will be granted reservation states us separate-- status
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separatist fighters have been involved in a standoff with military force for a third day. rebels are inside a government office. all civilians have been evacuated from there. seven people have been killed so far. the police have removed uganda's main opposition leader from his home. besigye had been calling people to take to the street over his house arrest following the election. the our correspondent live for us in the area. this is preventative. what do they want to prevent him from doing? >> reporter: that's what they've said ever since police have blocked off the route to his house. besigye has said that he today wanted to go to the electoral commission to collect data, some
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results which could be used for a petition to the supreme court disputing the results of the presidential election results that were announced just a couple of days ago. police issued a statement saying that besigye had planned the procession to the electoral commission and, indeed, if he had travelled to the commission, he does turn heads because as his convoy moves he gathers a lot of people. police said to hold a procession he would have to apply under the rules of the public order management act and he hadn't applied for permission to hold this public event and when he did leave his house, he was taken by police, put in a police van and driven to this police station here which is about 40 kilometers outside of the capital kampala and we understand he is still in there now apparently he was going to
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storm that election building. looking over the past three or four days, is he really that dangerous? >> reporter: he certainly has a lot of support here in the capital and there has been unrest. there was unrest following the last election in 2011. there has been a little bit of violence this time on polling day. police had to fire tear gas to break up crowds. besigye wants to get crowds on the street to protest the results and other actions. that's something that the government wouldn't want to happen. the police say they're trying to keep people and property safe, tribing to stop violence, but, of course, there is, it seems, some anxiety within the regime that things could escalate and get to a point that possibly they couldn't control. it seems they're doing everything they can to prevent
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that you have somebody leading the opposition who, obviously, is speaking to a constituency up and down the country. he is placed under house arrest and then taken away to a location we don't know whereas of yet this hour. what does this is an about the state of democracy in the country? >> reporter: the electoral commission defend their polling record. they say the election went snoothly. the opposition and election observers were very critical. they said it was rigged, there was widespread rigging and certainly their supporters and a lot of people here in the capital seem to believe them. they are sceptical and the election was not seen as free and fair in the minds of those many opposition supporters who are here in the city. museveni denied there was any rigging and gave a victory speech, talking about his plans for the coming five years and
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slamming opposition politicians and the people no voted for them. -- that voted for them the fijian prime minister said it will take time to retear damage caused by the cyclone. at least 21 villagers died. flooding caused by heavy rain is hampering the clean-up. 320 kilometer an hour winds blue away power lines and cutting off power for many people >> power lines, roofing irons, glass, wires pose serious threats to public safety. we are working hard to make the streets and communities secure once again our correspondent andrew thomas has seen the damage caused in nadi. >> reporter: you can see and hear how it is now. you can see the damage it has
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done. three modern houses there totally destroyed. the same is true of buildings right across fiji. the good news is that the big cities of suva and nandi were not damaged quite badly. the real concern is the out lying islands because communication still hasn't been restored no those islands and-- to these islands and the fear is there could be just as much damage as this if not more and there could have been loss of life. pressure little loss of life on the main island as things stand at the moment. the concern with those outlying islands, when we get information on those, we will get a clear indication of how devastating
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this cyclone have been i.s.i.l. claims for the bombing in damascus and also in homs. the attacks came as government captured 31 villagers and a power plant in aleppo province from i.s.i.l. john kerry said he has reached a provisional agreement with russia on the terms of a ceasefire. in terms of homs, starting off with that tuck town, we-- particular town, we must be getting to the stage where there's not much left to fight over. >> reporter: no. homs, the city itself, is in the hands of the government. there is only one district where rebels still have a presence, but there is a truce. it is a neighborhood where the community lives. it is a community which is
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considered to be supporters of the government. it halls been hit on numerous occasions similar attacks in the past, but this really has been described as one of the worst. the northern countryside of homs is in the hands of the opposition and the eastern countryside of homs, there are i.s.i.l. positions. so i.s.i.l. claiming responsibility. clearly a message to the government that challenging its authority, challenging its ability to secure areas and it isn't just the attack, like you mentioned, wasn't just in one place but other areas. damascus is in the hands of the government, the seat of power under their control, but clearly this shows that taking territory, controlling territory does not bring about peace and this back fires against the government because it tells its people we are the force, the party that can bring up our
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peace. clearly these attacks show otherwise difficult to see given the back story over the past 12 hours or so how the modalities of something that should lead to a peace process should lead to a ceasefire difficult to see how those modalities can be put into place. >> reporter: yes. we did hear the u.s. secretary of state john kerry say that we are close. with the authorities trying to work out the modalities of a ceasefire, but even if that is agreed, a pause in the fighting on the ground, it doesn't mean that there will be a political settlement because there is still wide differences between the warring sides on the ground as well as the stakeholders involved in the syrian conflict. one of them is the fate of bashar al-assad, but right now what we understand is that the u.s. and russia are trying to work out some sort of deal on a monitoring mechanism, who will be involved in this ceasefire,
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which groups will be considered terrorist, which groups will be considered the legitimate opposition because there is no international consensus. there are some groups are armed groups or taking part in the political process who russia and the syrian government considers as terrorists. a lot of hard work and details, but clearly the u.s. secretary of state reporting progress yesterday thank you very much. plenty for ground still to cover for you here in al jazeera. including shat reasonable doubt hopes. al jazeera visits a detention center in germany where many are waiting to find out if they will be accepted as refugees. plus the bolivian bid for the president to run for a further term seems to be heading for defeat.
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welcome back. you're watching al jazeera. these are the top stories. a standoff at a university in india between the police and five students facing sedition charges is ongoing. protests have been sparked throughout the country after a charge was charged with sedition. the police have removed uganda's opposition leader where he had been under arrest. he disputes the election and says the poll was rigged. at least 21 people are known to have died during the strongest storm ever recorded in fiji. power can cuts has been confide spread. fixing the damage will take time the government says. al jazeera has uncovered an
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illegal trade in illegal organs in indonesia. people have sold their kidneys for $5,000. three members of a syndicate have been arrested and doctors have been questioned by the police. >> reporter: it is a poor village here. at least 30 people who live here and in the nearby communities have just one kidneys. they sold their other kidneys to middle man for $5,000 each. >> translation: i had a huge debt. i couldn't pay my rent for four ms already. >> reporter: organ trade is illegal in indonesia, but people can donate their kidneys to friends and relatives. he had to decrease his age to 25. he had no problem pacing the
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screening at the hospital >> translation: they told me there would be money for a kidney so i could open my business and someone else can do heavy work for me. >> reporter: police say they have questioned six doctors for possible kwlugs with organized-- collusion with organized criminals. >> translation: if we find a syndicate working together with the hospital, the doctors will be prosecuted. >> reporter: the screening process is designed to weed out any trade in organs. >> translation: we need to look at the process from case to case. this needs to be further investigated. if there are possible mistakes, which could be the case, then this should be part of the investigation. i agree with them. >> reporter: according to the health ministry, 150,000 indonesian kidney patients need a transplant. this man has been waiting for the operation for more than a year.
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>> translation: we all know about the brokers. they have been on pressure for a long time. they send emails of people who want to paracel their kidney. >> reporter: he said he can't afford to pay a middle man up to $25,000 for a kidney. >> reporter: it's a story not many are willing to share. they're ashamed that poverty has forced them to paracel their own kidney, that many now regret. but that will unlikely to deter other poor village poor villagers. this man only received $5,000 of the 25,000 he was promised. his health has deteriorated since the operation. he was 17. >> translation: i feel betrayed, but i don't know what to do. i don't know the law. i have nothing. i can only suffer in silence.
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>> reporter: in an effort to stop the trade in kidneys, parliament members have urged the government to establish a donor bank where organ donation will be regulated and donors properly screened votes have been counted after presidential and parliamentary elections in niger. the president is hoping to secure a second five-year term. he is up against 14 rivals. a report from the capital. >> reporter: in a classroom without electricity, the country's future was decided by the ballot box. with the counting extending through the night, people were anxious for a result. it had been a long and windy day. it began with the sitting president celebrating the democratic process as he cast his vote. he is tipped for a clear victory in the first round, something that hasn't happened in the previous elections. for the result to be accepted,
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the election needs to be regarded as fair and people need to be happy with the outcome. >> translation: so far no case of fraud has been brought to my attention. i had calls regarding logistical issues regarding equipment those in charge has taken all the necessary actions to solve the problems. >> reporter: many polling stations were visited. the process was smooth and there were no complaints. in others, there were plong delays before voting started. some ran out of polling papers and had to stop the process several hours. >> reporter: it is a long and hot day here. as you can see the crowd is only getting bigger and bigger as the day progresses and that's because people tell us here this election is before anything else about the future and stability of this nation. as the day progressed, patience waned. >> translation: the lines haven't moved since the morning.
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i don't understand what is happening. i will wait because i took the decision to vote and i will vote, even if i have to wait until 6am i will be here. i am determined. >> translation: maybe the people who are put in charge have than chosen deliberately so they will not let us vote. we haven't moved. we think it was done on purpose because people know that here we are supporters of the opposition. >> reporter: the opposition has issued a statement accusing the government of deliberately blocking the electoral process. no significant violence has been reported, but the atmosphere is tense and uncertain with tens of thousands of refugees from war zones arriving in europe in the past year, questions are being asked about what makes a legitimate refugee. dominic kane reports from an immigration center in southern germany where asylum seekers from the balance cans-- balkans
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are waiting to be deported. >> reporter: this is home to hundreds of people from the balkans who know they will soon be going back there. the center was opened last september and since then more than a thousand people have come and gone. germany says their countries are safe so they cannot claim refuge here, meaning this man from albania is resigned to returning soon. >> translation: after ten months living here i received a piece of paper that said transfer. they i went to the office 21 to get the documents i need to go back to albania, but they said i had to wait. my baby was born here. the problem is i do not work. >> reporter: the children's classrooms are well equipped but frequently empty. a test meant to their experience here. the process of registration and checking identities has been stream lined since last year. every day officials check as many as 200 documents.
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>> translation: this is a relatively bad fake id card. you can tell by the size. it is significant lip different from the roam id cards. on average we find as many as 10 fake ids every day. >> reporter: because the number of people coming to germany has placed a strain on authorities, this will be open for 10 years and speed up the process >> translation: why a faster procedure? to make room for people who are threatened by persecution in countries at war. secondly, those who stay are not gaining false hope they can stay longer >> reporter: some of the people at the center fled the wars of the 1990s but they know that they and their families will have to go back one day to bolivia where the results show moralis has lost a vote to run in the next elections.
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if the no campaign is victorious, it will be a blow to his presidency. >> reporter: it is difficult for many people to remember a time when he wasn't president. it seems as though they have decided enough is enough. he won't be able to run again in 2019. he remains, however, a popular president. >> translation: me has been an excellent-- he has been an excellent leader he has transformed politics. >> reporter: a few weeks ago the yes campaign was ahead in the opinion polls, but a strong campaign alleging corruption in the party caused it serious damage. >> translation: they have shown that he is not all powerful, he was replaceful and above albeitable. this has shown him to be a normal human being capable of making mistakes. >> reporter: the country's first
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indigenous leader he came to power in 2006 promising radical change. his enemies would accept that he has had a huge impact on the country and the country will never be the same again. not everyone is screaming yes, yes, yes, believing you could have too much of a good thing, that power corrupts or simply a healthy democrat object see needs frequent change. the yes campaign lost in the east of the country. that was no supplies. it was also defeated in regions where previously he had enjoyed massive support. a sign that he has lost touch with the people who brought him to power >> translation: there is no equality and justice in this country. we have to change this government. >> translation: a lot of young people have seen how things are in other countries and that's really influenced their
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thinking. >> reporter: the president has gambled with this referendum. he will remain in power until elections in 2019 when the unchanged constitution rules that he will have to step down and take a rest seven members of the second biggest rebel group in colombia have been killed in an air raid by government forces. the national natnal liberation eln was targeted close to the border with venezuela. the colombia government is in separate talks with the biggest group farc to end decades of civil war. a refugee baby girl at the center of a deportation rou will be allowed to stay in australia for the moment. doctors were refusing to discharge the one year old. there were protests outside of the hospital in support of their decision. asha and her parents were facing deportation to nauru.
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the fifth anniversary of the christchurch earth quake in new zealand. thousands attended a service. the names of all 185 people who were killed in the disaster were read out. there was also one minute's silence. you're with al jazeera. [ ♪ ] hello i'm richard gizbert and you are at "the listening post". here are some stories we are


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