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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 25, 2016 12:00pm-12:31pm EST

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walters in new york. the news continues live from london next. ♪ hundreds of my grants and refugees set to be removed from the jungle camp in calais, after a judge upholds a conviction order. ♪ hello there, i'm barbara area, you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up on the program, russian jets pound the northwest of syria. ban ki-moon visits south sudan, a week after the killing of 19 people who thought the u.n. would keep them safe. and we talk to one of the digital bodyguards hired by
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hollywood after sony's infamous hack attack. ♪ hundreds of refugees and migrants living in terrible conditions in calais are set to be kicked out of the camp. authorities have been given a go ahead to partially demolish the camp which is known as the jungle. french officials say around a thousand people will be effected, but aid agencies say the true figure is between 3 and 4,000. nadim baba is at the camp. >> reporter: the plan concerns the area behind me. it's called -- it's the southern part of the so-called jungle camp, and the local authorities have been planning for sometime to clear the area. firstly by evicted people, and then by getting rid of all of the structures, the tents that
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you can see. a local court has given them the green light to do so. the local authorities have made it clear to us that they won't be using force for at least three weeks, and what they will be moving is the accommodation centers, so tents, and we believe caravans as well, where people actually stay, but they are suggesting that they will leave in place what they call social spaces. we take that to mean places like makeshift churches and mosques, places that serve as classrooms, and special areas for children to play in. we're waiting on details of that. so it is a very important place for people who live here. the authorities say they have an alternative. just a short distance away, there is a center made up of shipping containers, where they say people can live in safety, and it's cleaner for them. some people here say they will take them up on that offer,
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others, though, say that going there means giving up on their dream of getting to great britain, so for many people, the plan is to move on to wherever they can stay along the coast in france still trying to get to great britain. the e.u.'s top migration official is warning if rapid progress isn't made to clowe the flow of refugees in the next ten days, then there is a risk that the whole system will break down. the commissioner says the e.u. has until a summit on march 10th to significantly reduce the number of people arriving from turkey. he was speaking amid a looming crisis on greece's crisis with macedonia, where a bottleneck of almost 3,000 people has built up. hoda abdel hamid joins us live now from that greece macedonia border. it's dark now. we can't really see behind you very well, hoda, but tell us a
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little bit about that bottleneck that you have been witnessing. >> reporter: well, certainly, it has been building up over the past few days, because simply the border has been more closed an open. the last time it was open was this morning. so several hours ago, and only a hundred people managed to get through. now that bottleneck starts here at the border, but it also stretches up where a couple of thousand of people in a reception center who don't want to be there. many have left and we are told they are making their way back here to the border, because they are afraid they will be stranded in greece. and greek authorities say, in total there are about 12,000 refugees and migrants in greece at the moment, and that number just increases on a daily basis, because they keep on arriving by sea. i also want to say the humanitarian crisis could continue on the other side,
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because now you have the two transit camps in macedonia that are at full capacity. people are stranded there. they can't go anywhere. they can't continue their journey, and you have that same situation in serbia, so probably the commissioner when he was warning about the ten days was warning about this growing number of people who continue to land in greece, and he actually did say that the humanitarian crisis was very near, and that you really do get that impression here on the ground skwashgs and you see people now in the dark behind me in their tents. it's cold, and they just have to wait here to figure out what happens next. >> reporter: the top migration official also said that he numbers had to decrease coming from turkey, which we're just not seeing happen. so what do you think the e.u. should do to ease the situation there? >> reporter: well, the system has effectively broken down at
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the moment since austria really last week announced it will have a daily cap of 80 people that can be processed for their asylum request. ever since the borders have closed down, each country really putting the blame on the country before that. at the moment with that situation, where basically you have this island -- closed island in the middle -- that goes through the balkans to western europe that is completely shut down. in the beginning one thought it would be just the afghans, but really syrians too, a lot of them get turned back with the excuse that they don't have the proper papers anymore. the controls are much stricter, and registration really happens to go through that balkan root in macedonia, not anymore in greece. unless you find a unified position on that, unless there is a route that is open for
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these for them to go to their final destination, it's a situation that is very difficult to control. and i speak to the people on the ground, the ngo's and humanitarian groups who say that people will go through, because human trafficking has flourished ever since the borders closed down. >> hoda thank you. ♪ let's take a look at the conflict in syria now. government forces are said to have taken control of a key town in aleppo province. troops have seized the town from isil fighters. control of it is important because it's the only access to rebel-held aleppo. rebel fighters who oppose the government currently control the main highway to the city. the government is said to have had help from russian air strikes to.
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in other fighting, dozens have been killed in russian air strikes on the damascus countryside. syria's main opposition says moscow has increased its attacks ahead of a planned cessation of hostilities due to start on saturday. sgu russia's defense ministry says it has reduced strikes over the past two days. and the u.n. says 21 tons of food, medicine and other supplies has been lost near the town of deir al-zour. the u.n. is unable to get supplies in by road, because the city of deir al-zour is surrounded by isil. >> pallets were drifting in with their parachutes, so that some missed target and others of the pallets -- the parachutes did not open, and the food were destroyed. >> reporter: the u.n. special
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envoy to syria says more aid will reach syrians in need if the planned cessation of hostility takes place on saturday. >> more needs to be done. and certainly if as we all hope, the cessation of hostilities take hold effectively, they will have an impact on the acceleration of reaching the people in need in syria, not only in the besieged areas, but everywhere. >> for more let's speak to our correspondent joining us live now close to the syrian border. let's start with the cessation of hostilities. we're rufly two days away from when it is supposed to start. how likely is it looking right now? >> reporter: based on today's events, not very likely in the sense that when we take into
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consideration all of the fighting that continues to take place. unless this is some sort of crescendo before that event. you mentioned two significant attacks that took place today. the most recent was russian air strikes on the countryside of damascus. video from those attacks clearly show destruction to civilian properties. there is sound bites from children who are becrying what has happened, essentially pleaded to god that the russian air strikes stop. then as you mentioned the recapture of the town south of aleppo, also it is a significant, not only because it is linked with damascus, but also towards hama as well, another government strong hold that was previously in control -- in the control of isil fighters, albeit just for a few days, and here is where a lot of the problem lies.
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this cessation of hostilities does not include isil. russia involvement in syria is under the pretext of fighting isil. although it has been attacking some of the opposition accepted by other countries. >> and jamal obviously for a lot of people, the cessation of hostilities kind of goes hand in hand with trying to get humanitarian aid to people under siege, or other people that need it across syria. we heard about these air drops to deir al-zour that didn't work. explain how dire the need is, and how difficult it is to get aid in, whether by trucks or by
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air. >> reporter: well, it's difficult to put it into words, barbara, in terms of the dire situation and nature of some of these towns and cities. we have seen on television screens over the past few weeks, the images of starvation from madaya and other places in syria, but that's only the places that have -- we have managed to see video of, but when you speak to some of the syrians that go in and out, and some of the relief agencies who have been crossing the border regularly, they tell you that the situation in some places could even be worse than that. and that's why maybe the main hope that is pinned on this cessation of hostilities is not necessarily that it will hold for a long time, there isn't much optimism in that regard, but could provide some sort of window of relief, whereby some sort of aid could reach places by land.
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this air drop which was unsuccessful, even that was a drop in the ocean. it's barely a truckload of aid. so you need a lot more aid to relieve the suffering, barbara. >> jamal thank you. the u.n. secretary general is visiting the south sudan ease capitol, juba to add his support to a peace deal that is aimed to end two years of fighting. the dispute lead to civil war in december 2013. a peace deal was signed in august, but it has repeatedly broken down. now the u.s. has threatened individual sanctions if peace is not delivered. ban ki-moon's visit also comes a week after 19 people were killed when they thought that they were under the u.n.'s protection. our correspondent reports.
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>> reporter: the smoke from burning homes filled the skies for days. these people were again made homeless. this time they found little more than a dusty roadside between the u.n. base and their former homes. they believed the u.n. would keep them safe. the attack by government forces revealed how vulnerable they still are. >> translator: the fences are all open. you have to close the fences. now look at this. the people's health has deteriorated. people are just on the ground. look at what they eat and what they drink. look at where they now sleep. >> reporter: almost 200,000 people live in u.n. protection of civilian sites. the u.n. mission has a mandate to use force to protect people when needed. however, this is the third time people have been slaughtered while under the protection of the u.n. >> you can see them here all over the place. but, again, we don't know what
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they are doing exactly. you have seen what happened in the camp. the civilian died. and the u.n. is there. . then why are they giving these civilians u.n. dollars. they should withdraw from south sudan if they fail to protect civilians. >> reporter: it took the u.n. solars many hours to engage with attackers to defend the people. after three massacres, people are starting to ask is this u.n. mission simply unwilling to use force to protect civilians? still to come on the program, the alarming increase in the number of young refugees in europe who are turning to prostitution and crime to survive. plus iran plans to go to the polls in its first election since agreeing to the nuclear treaty.
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♪ welcome back. here is a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. a french judge has upheld an eviction order for refugees to be kicked out of part of a camp in calais, known as the jungle. syria's opposition has accused russia of increasing air strikes. and the u.n. secretary general is in south sudan, a week after 19 people were killed while supposedly under united nations protection. a new report has found an alarming increase in the number of young refugees in europe who are turning to prostitution and crime to survive.
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barnaby phillips reports now from rome. >> reporter: out of the shadows, a country road in central italy. on a cold february fight, the girls light fires to keep warm and attract passing clients for sex. this trade of nigeria women to italy has gone on for years. but it is now changing. experts speak of a substantial increase in girls aged under 18. you might call itly's shameful secret, except these girls are also on parade by day. they won't talk on camera, they are controlled by ruthless gangs. >> reporter: can i ask you where you are from? >> nigeria. >> reporter: this girl said she could earn about $200 a week. she says she would like to stay in italy. life back in nigeria was too hard. she looks no older than a teenager. >> it's easy to control them,
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because they are not strong enough to say no, and then also because [ inaudible ] so clients would prefer younger girls. >> reporter: this is termal station in central rome, and it has become notorious as migrants and refugee children survive. this 16-year-old boy says he does don't those things, but he spent two months sleeping rough. like others we spoke to, he came from egypt. his parents sent him across the mediterranean on a small boat, and now he must repay the debt of $4,000 to the smugglers, but he has no money, no skills, no
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italian, he doesn't know where to start. this doctor has been working with migrant children. he does his best to look after their health. >> translator: at least a quarter of the unaccompanied minors we have examined are infected with sexually transmitted diseases. it is also possible there are many cases that do not show up. >> reporter: much of the abuse happens to children on their journey before they arrive in italy, but once they get to rome, they have to survive, and they are very vulnerable. i met two gambians on the street, a 17 year old, and an 18 year old. they say no one will help them. >> the police do nothing, so we are sleeping outside. >> reporter: what are you eating? >> it's not easy, sometimes you
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see someone throw something away. >> reporter: you are picking rubbish off of the streets. >> yeah. >> reporter: midnight, home to rome's down and outs, anded a mists the drunks, drug addicts and mentally ill, we find the two gambian boys trying to sleep, alone in europe and in a cold, dark city. barnaby phillips, al jazeera, rome. it's the eve of historic elections in iran. the first since the president delivered on his promise to end the country's nuclear crisis. on friday votes will be cast into elections, one for the parliament, the other one for the assembly of experts. 12,000 people applied as candidates but fewer than 5,000 were vetted and cleared to compete for the 290 seats. parliament is dominated by conservatives, but the president's successful nuclear
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deal could boost the popularity of the reformists. 88 people will be chosen. they monitor the supreme leader and then choose his successor. they disqualified all female applicants, and the grandson of the founder of the islamic republic of iran. >> reporter: iran is preparing for elections that could take the country down a more moderate political path. they believe they can make gains in parliament at the expense of hard liners. the central issue has been the recession and how long a recovery could take with sanctions now lifted. but this family gathering like so many others around the country, there is a discussion about voting. this 21 year old is a student who will be voting for the first
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time. his parents are worried he'll end up like his sister, unable to find a job after graduating. his mother, age 52 is using iran's most popular messaging app called telegram, by isn't blocked. she decided after discussions in the family chat group and hunting through websites that she will vote reformist. her husband feels the same. >> translator: the only way that iran can get out of its recession is foreign investment, so that jobs are created. the most serious problem is youth unemployment. >> reporter: many iranians want to see faster progress following the nuclear deal. this investment banker says the scope is massive, but held back by politics and the need for banking reform and bailouts. >> well educated people, natural
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resources, and very large market for consuming. besides that, our market untapped for around ten years. >> reporter: people want to know if there are going to be more jobs if their manufacturing industries are modernized, and they want to know if their standard of living will rise, enable many to indulge again in the retail sector. there is a mood of impair ens among many people who want to see a better standard oflying. moderates and reformists believe they have done enough to convince people that moderation works. but have they? it could be too soon for some voters to be convinced. reformists and moderates may gain more influence, but it's probably farfetched to expect a landslide win. egypt's president has offered up an unusual solution to the country's economic problems. at a speech on wednesday he said
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if it would help, he would sell himself. >> translator: let me say something quite difficult, it is difficult to say, but let me be clear, by god all mighty, if i could sell myself to benefit this nation, i would have done it. we are a nation of 90 million. just think about it if only 10 million of us every day and donate one egyptian pound, just one for the sake of the home lank, that's 10 million pounds a day. egypt is a great country, it can do anything, if you truly love egypt, i'm telling you, all egyptians who are listening to me, listen to my words only, only mine i say. >> a clever ebay user put the statement to the test. more than a hundred people actually placed a bid on the president. at one point he was selling for a hundred thousand dollars. the ad read we decided to sell the field marshall and military coup leader on ebay to bailout
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the egyptian economy so that you don't have to. the ad was taken down later on wednesday. now a top hacker has told al jazeera that hollywood doesn't have a clear -- clue when it comes to protecting itself against cyber crime. criminals are increasingly turning their attention to the studios. >> reporter: there is edward snowden. and there is hollywood director oliver stone. he is making a film about edward snowden. and this is ralph, the man oliver stone has hired to keep his film about edward snowden away from prying eyes. g gal -- ralph is a hacker, turned detector, one of a new breed called digital bodyguards. >> they still have this idea of, you know, the film is in the can, as if it were a physical
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thing, and it's not, you know. from the moment that you are capturing this film, and it is a file, and it gets duplicate sod many times. that didn't happen with a physical piece of film. >> reporter: hacking is big business. remember in 2014 cyber criminals breached sony's systems, and it cost the firm millions of dollars. five out of every six large businesses here in the united states have fallen victim to some cyber attack. as you can see this is a problem that is getting worse, not better, and of course hollywood is a major target. in previous years the studios could control who saw what, and when they saw it, everything was on film, everything was much more linear, nowadays you have so many people involved in the production process, and they all are accessing networks and files using their own phones and tablets or lab -- laptops.
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this is one of l.a.'s top cyber crime experts. this is a man who knows where the weak points are. >> you have talent which might by an iphone and might set the pass word to their dog's name and then do an interview holding their dog, talking about thair dog's name, and then somebody can pretty much figure out how to get things off of their system. >> reporter: for this bodyguard, it is all about damage limitation. >> there is no such thing as 100% security. so it's really a matter of identifying a threat soon enough. >> reporter: the hackers are in hollywood, metaphorically at least, there may be no happy ending in sight here. one of the world's most famous steam locomotives is back on the rails after a decade-long
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restoration. the flying scotsman set off from london north. the iconic train was built in 1923, and recognized as the first locomotive to exceed 100 miles an hour more on the website. ♪ deadly storms tear up property and take out power up and down the east coast. [ cheers ] bernie sanders takes his campaign west days before the south carolina primary. this case is about the future. >> apple versus the fbi, the company's ceo compares hacking a phone to cancer. and now it's working on a phone that you cannot hack at all. and an ancient type of

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