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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  February 28, 2016 2:00am-2:31am EST

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syria's opposition accuses government forces of multiple violations in the first 24 hours of a temporary ceasefire. hello, we're live from doha. also on the show early results in iran shows reformists making major gains. >> despite what you hear we don't need to make america again. america has never stopped being great hillary clinton gains
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momentum ahead of super tuesday winning the primary in south carolina. >> reporter: i'm on the red carpet, or at least it will be shortly, because hollywood is getting ready for its biggest night of the year, controversys and all syria as opposition is accusing government forces of multiple violations during the first 24 hours of a temporary ceasefire. the syrian coalition says the regime attacked 15 rebel-held areas across syria with heavy machine guns, artillery and barrel bombs. one of the key aims in the truce is to allow aid to reach almost half a million civilians trapped in besieged areas. our correspondent joins us live near the syrian border. first of all, starting with the claims from both sides of violations that each side has been violating this truth. is this holding together or is
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it becoming to come apart? >> reporter: i think it's largely still holding together despite what we are hearing from the opposition and also to some degree from the government side. as you mentioned, the main opposition group in exile put a statement saying at least why there were violations in at least 15 areas. this morning there were also explosions heard that due to government forces shelling a number of areas in the province of latakia. they clashed with rebel groups and then the syrian army took control of a village. that is a breach of the truce, but why i say it's largely holding, it's simply because when you compare it, when you care the news report that we used to get before the truce is way, way less than that and mainly when it comes to the russian or syrian airport air
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strikes on a number of targets. speaking of the russians and their air strikes, there are reports now this morning that they have actually carried out air raids, two air raids in the aleppo countryside. we have to wait for further dames to double-check that-- time to double-check that what about the aid, how is that going? >> reporter: i think they are trying to prepare the logistics of it because as you can imagine it is a nightmare from the logistic point. i think probably it will be somewhere between 4 hours up to 48 and even beyond, depending on the situation on the ground. when the u.n. moves as their procedure in previous attempts or convoys delivering aid in damascus and into other areas into syria is that they first meet to coordinate with the
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government, they need to koort with whoever is in control. -- coordinate with whoever is in control. they say there is at least 100,000 syrians in the besieged areas who are in desperate need of aid. the total number is, perhaps, 500,000 and even more of syrians who need aid, some sort of an aid, so the situation, the humanitarian situation is very difficult and i'm sure the u.n. is trying to get on and delivering that much needed aid thank you for that. thousands of syrian refugees are crammed into camps along the turkish border. they've been trying to escape fighting which intensified before the cessation of hostilities. our correspondent has gained exclusive access to one of those camps close to bab al salama
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>> reporter: this is not far from the border of turkey used to be empty. now thousands of tents are cramped together. they're lined by boys and girls who have had their childhood hood robbed of them by war. while others around the world are learning and they are stuck here. this family left three weeks ago when air strikes started targeting the town. >> translation: we left our home because of the russian air strikes. they didn't spare anybody >> reporter: they slept in a car for a week before the baby's mother went into labor. they were then given a tent. what makes this camp different is that the internally displaced here say that they have been forceably and intentionally removed by russian air strikes and the syrian regime. after had man lost his leg when
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the syrian air force bombed his home, he sought refuge in another city but that was bombed too. there isn't a city in syria that hasn't been affected by this civil war and there isn't a child here who doesn't seem haunted by all the death and instruction reports from yemen say at least 30 people have been killed in air strikes outside of a market. no-one has claimed responsibility. the yemeni security officials are blaming the saudi-led coalition. houthi rebels took control of the area in 2014. early results from friday's election in iran show reformists making major gains. it is a significant change from previous elections which were dominated by conservatives. it is seen asty test for the president after he secured a nuclear deal with world leaders
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last year. voters were asked to choose members to fill the 290-seat parliament and the 88 member assembly of experts. that's responsible for selecting the country's next supreme leader. the parties of the president and former president lead the race for the assembly of experts. in parliament early results show reformists have taken 29 of the 30 seats. jonah hull has more from the capital >> reporter: so the reformist and so-called moderates have done well in the assembly, one of two elections held on friday, the other of course being for parliament. it bod elizabeth extremely well for them, for their overall erosion of ultra conservative power over the institutions of state and they will likely have done well into the parliamentary election.
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we expect to hear more about that on sunday. what is the significance of this major advance for them in the assembly of experts? this is the body made up of 88 senior clerics that gets to appoint the next supreme leader. given that the existing supreme leader is said to be in ill health, it is likely that within their eight-year term they may get to appoint the next supreme leader. a greater number of moderates on that assembly means a greater chance of a moderate supreme leader in the future. perhaps even the president himself who has been elected to a seat on the assembly of experts hillary clinton has beaten her democratic rival bernie sanders convincingly in the south carolina primary. the focus now moves to next week's super tuesday. that will see both the democrats and republicans fight it out in 12 states. as kimberley halkett reports,
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for many it will also determine whether their campaigns will continue. >> reporter: victory by a wide margin in south carolina for hillary clinton. >> tomorrow this campaign goes national >> reporter: she has now set her sites on demonstrating she is the presumptive presidential nominee >> we don't need to make america again. america has never stopped being great. her main rival bernie sanders is not giving up. campaigning in other states, he pledged to show he still is a viable candidate. >> what this campaign is about is not just electing a president. it is about transforming america, it is about thinking big and the kind of country we want to become. >> reporter: also struggling to
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prove they're still viable on the republican side are establishment candidates like ted cruz. cruz goes into super tuesday leading in his home state in texas, but a loss there could end his ambitions. marco rubio faces a similar challenge. the pressure the campaigns face evident in the verbal sparring between the candidates >> there is a growing consensus in this party that we cannot nom name a con artist. >> reporter: his attacks are an effect to stop donald trump pulling head on super tuesday. despite his lead, donald trump was also belittling his opponents >> but i will address little rubio. this guy that is a fresh mouth, he is a very nasty guy and i
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actually thought that ted cruz was a liar, but rubio is worse. i mean he's worse >> reporter: the test for all the candidates comes on tuesday. for hillary clinton she is counting on the sprurt of african-american as well as lat ee-- latino vote verse more to come on al jazeera, including. >> reporter: i'm in sweden where refugees tell us they're being treated well but people in the town say resentment is growing. growing.
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you're watching al jazeera. a recap now. syria's opposition is accusing government forces of multiple violations during the first 24 hours of the ceasefire. the coalition says the regime tacked 15 rebel held areas across the country. early results from friday's election in iran show reformists making major gains. it is a significant change from previous elections which were dominated by conservatives. in the u.s. hillary clinton has won the south carolina democratic primary beating bernie sanders by a wide margin. it comes ahead of next week's super tuesday primaries where 12 states will be up for grabs of the ireland's prime minister has conceded the current coalition government will not be returned to power after heavy losses in the country's parliamentary
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elections. count of votes is due to resume in a couple of hours, but early results suggest that they may have to form a coalition. >> reporter: the arduous task of counting began and the coalition facing the prospects of a bruising final result. early polls show a drop in support dispute huge improvements in the country's economy. the party and its labor party ally may be forced to seek support from other parties to stay in government. as the day progressed, more signs of an electorate switching sides as support for rival parties and independent candidates grew. they have campaigned with a strong anti austerity voice that went down well in central dublin where the party topped the poll. anger at public spending cuts, rising social inequality and
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mistrust of established politicians have all played a role in the loss of support for island's ruling coalition. >> the government may be complacent. they thought they would be rewarded for a recovery that still hasn't reached most households. >> reporter: the irish election follows a similar pattern to other european countries, spain, portugal and greece that have also been through periods of austerity, but, of course, island's story is very different. austerity is officially meant to be over and the country now has the fastest growing economy in the european union. but as the votes are counted, the results come in. it continues to look more and more like people have gone out to deliberately punish the outgoing government in the polls. >> reporter: the current coalition want to hold on to power. it will have to build new alliances. it is no easy task. the main political parts were forged in the fire and blood of the irish civil war nearly a hundred years ago. there are fierce differences
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that date back generations of the given the growth of the political left in ireland, it may be time for the country's main opposing party gale and fol to do the unthinkable and join forces. >> the strongest likelihood is that the two civil parties are likely to form the next government. you would have to say on the balance of probability the figures were indicate that. i think that's probably a healthy development because very little divides those two parties. their policies are very similar >> reporter: soon the work of coalition building begins and with it the creation of a new leer shid, but for-- leadership, but for now the future lies in the balance the small town of brobie has taken in one of the highest number of refugees per capita in all of sweden. they say their resources are stretched and they can't take in
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any more people. many refugees say they can't go home and they just want to be part of the swedish society. >> reporter: he is father from iraq than he ever imagineed he would get. the last thing he feels is home sick. >> translation: i'm lucky i feel very good and safe here. i was suffering destruction. now things are safe here >> reporter: without a lot to do, he does at times get a little borrowed waiting to find out if he will get asue limb, wondering if he will be given a chance to become a productive member of swedish society, >> translation: i didn't come here to play and laugh. i came here on my own so i could work and survive >> reporter: that feeling is reflected by the people who live and work at this center. who say the presence of these refugees will in the long run only help. >> i would say that tries to use this potential so it can benefit
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the country, benefit everyone in the future. we need to work together. >> reporter: so far the biggest challenge has been finding enough for everyone housed here to do. the sentiment of the refugee center is largely positive, but here a sleepy little swedish town that has to wake up to an overwhelming reality, resentment is growing. local officials say they have been happy to support the refugees, but that there's not a lot more they can do, that they're stretched to the limit. >> translation: right now in sweden we need a break. in a very short space of time since june of last year more than 100,000 came to sweden to seek asue limb. we-- asylum. we haven't enough to integrate. if we could help more people, then others need to help too so we can get our systems straight >> reporter: this man so
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traumatised by the war in iraq and the difficulties of his journey takes none of this for granted. but he is well aware that he could in the end be denied asylum. >> translation: if that happens, i would tell them it is better you kill me here instead of returning me to baghdad. at least here i could i do with dignity. here they would bury me. in iraq they would kill me for sure and throw my body in the street. >> reporter: as realistic as he is resilient, without a job or his own home, has somehow found a way to stay positive. now he just wants to find a way to stay in sweden five people have been killed by an explosion in the mine in russia. it happened at a mine in the northern comey region. it occurred during a rescue effort to reach those trapped.
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26 are still missing. tens of thousands of people are taking part in protests in poland. government moves to take greater control of the court, media and other institutions which has triggered criticism both inside poland and across europe. falling oil prices have pushed nigeria into its worst outlook in decades. it hopes a campaign will help boost the local currency. as our correspondent reports, not everyone is convinced. >> reporter: shoe maker supports the government's campaign to get people to buy goods made in nigeria. he will make several pairs of shoes out of this snake skin leather. he will only be able to paracel them for about $30 each. he says if the leather was
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imported, he could paracel the shoes for hundreds, but because some have a biassed against home-made goods he has to paracel cheaply. >> it's nothing but they feel those made in nigeria are not superior, which i feel they're having a wrong notion towards it. >> reporter: such attitudes towards local goods may affect the government's campaign. it has placed a ban on the importation of more than 40 items and and restrictions on access to foreign currency, but some analysts say neither have worked to improve the economy in the face of falling oil revenue. the senator is leading the campaign. >> the leaders of nigeria are the greatest consumers of foreign goods and services in this country. the leader of this country all care about is a gucci bag, rolex
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watch, trip to dubai, eat nigerian food, help them grow product, do whatever you can to sustain your economy otherwise we're going to collapse. >> reporter: critics of the government's campaign say getting people to buy goods only made in nigeria won't solve the economic crisis. they argue that with nearly 70% of people living below the poverty line, most people don't have the money for consumer goods anyway, and that the real solution is diverse fighting the economy away from its over dependence on oil. there are other challenges facing promoting goods made in nigeria >> electricity is not available. most of the factories don't have electricity. rults are not there to convey, so the costs of moving from industries to the markets is expensive. >> reporter: the government says it is working to reduce its oil
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dependency and improve things for businessmen look this man who remain optimistic buying nigerian goods can help the economy the african union is planning to send 200 more observers to burundi. the central african country is being paralysed by a political crisis after the president won a third time. more than 400 people have been killed in recent ethnic violence. around 240,000 have fled the country. teenage pregnancy rates across the world have declined in the last two decades except in the philippines, according to the u.n. a report from the capital >> reporter: this woman is 20 years old and a mother of three. she has two boys aged 5 and 4 and a month old baby. from a low income family she was
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not given family planning advice nor any methods of contraception offered to her. she never thought that having unsafe sex would lead to pregnancy. >> translation: it didn't cross my mind that this could happen. my mother asked me why i was not having my period any more. she said that i might be pregnant. it turned out that i was after a pregnancy test. >> reporter: she is not the only one. a report put the philippines top of the list of asian countries with the greaterest number of teenage pregnancies. put pel partners and low condom use were given as two factors in the increase in birth rates. the report says young women in 915 to 19 age range is already a month. it is twice the rate of 10 years ago. in the 2012 the court said it was constitutional to implement
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laws. it meant schools would have to teach sex education. while 80% of people are catholics, the wider public supports family planning regardless of the position of the church. experts want to see a whole new approach to sex education. >> the pressure is always on the girls because when we look at teenage pregnancy, it is framed as a girl problem. if you look at it, it's really half the girl problem and half a boy problem. the answer to this is to have sexed occasion programs for boys and girls in the schools. >> reporter: the population of the philippines is now over 100 million. the government says it has tried to find ways of providing access to family planning, but will look to donors for contraception. she wants her children to get a
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good education and when the time comes, the best education on sex as well. it seems no-one is willing to take practical steps. the government says it will address the matter again after the election in may hollywood is gearing up for its biggest night of the year. accusation of racism and sexism in the u.s. film industry threatens to dampen some of the excitement. >> reporter: premises are pretty intense at the ons cores. everything has to be perfect. the world is watching, remember, as the academy awards. who will win this year? there are your top film nominees. most of them we've seen before. there are no surprises here. the revenant is expected to do very well. it is up for 12 awards. it took three top ones at the
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baftas. the director may hope for an award. also bridge of spies, not seen as a front runner, but this is hollywood. anything can happen here. there is the best actor. dicaprio is there. the revenant could be a score for him. michael keaton is another name. his film seen as i quiet coneder. a look at journalists who exposed paedophilia in the catholic church. as for the female actors. jennifer lawrence. >> reporter: of course much of the talk this year is about who will not be taking home one of these things with this whole debate of lack of diversity in the wider film industry.
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that will be discussed for much longer, but right now over shadowing what is the biggest and should be the happenest night for hollywood >> it will over shadow. it has shown up all of this, how trivial it is. i don't think that's going to keep people from being in a sad mood. i think the academy is trying to ground that discussion in the ceremony as much as possible by having a lot of black presenters, but having chris rock still there to speak to the issue, and you know he is going to be merciless, and i hope he is >> reporter: creed is another film about a black boxer which has been criticized for giving nomination to the white man. ; tallone. hoo was 30 years since he was nominated for an ass core for playing the same character. until that carpet has been cleaned a hundred times and worn thing, nobody knows which way it
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can go. that is part of the excitement. you never know how the story will end we do know how this show is going to end. you can get this updated from our website 24 hours a day. this is techknow. a show about innovations that can change lives. the science of fighting a wild-fire. we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity and we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science, by scientists. tonight, techknow investigates the ivory trail they've tried to seize it, burn it, but nothing has stopped the terrible trade in illegal ivory.

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