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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  February 28, 2016 9:00am-9:31am EST

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syria's temporary ceasefire appears to be largely holding despite accusations of violations by syrian government forces. coming up in the next half hour, chaotic scenes in greece after macedonia closes its border to refugees. early results from iran's elections show reformers to be making major gains. >> we look at the movie which is the first from colombia to be nominated for an oscar.
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we begin in syria where the first major ceasefire in five years of conflict appears to be holding, however although the violence has significantly subsided, it hasn't completely stopped. russia and syria opposition bolt accuse each other of breaches. let's go live from the turkish city near the syrian border. jamal, reports of some violation, what are you hearing on the ground? >> indeed, we've received several reports from inside syria of different violations that were conducted by both the syrian regime, bashar al assad's government, and his armed forces and the russians. in one instance, in the countryside of aleppo an n.g.o. building was reportedly targeted by russian airstrikes, killing at least 12 civilians, according
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to activists there in idlib. the syrian regime also killed people, there were reports of barrel bombs being dropped in other places. this were reports of violence in homs, as well. this comes after yesterday's roundup from the main syrian opposition group, the syrian national coalition which say it's listed at least 15 violations by the syrian regime. accusations leveled against russia on the first day, however the second day, sunday, there have been a few that have been listed, so politicians, while leaders are saying it's largely holding, however on the ground, it is a relative thing. although violence decreased, there are these violations and people are questions is it something that you can say relatively that this is largely holding or is it breached or not breached and that's what it comes down to. >> we know there have been momses was humanitarian aid once the ceasefire had started.
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do you know if that aid has been delivered as yet? >> we're so unsure with regards to that, because the places where the aid is needed most are places that are either under the control of isil fighters and there are nobody is able to reach them, neither the syrian regime, the russians or the u.n. or the opposition, or they are areas that are under the control of the russian regime and that's what a lot of people are looking at, particularly the areas that have been besieged for several months. just yesterday, another child was reportedly killed as a result of the siege, as a result of malnutrition. that is what people are looking to find out. the united nations had tried this air drop a couple of details ago and that unfortunately went terribly wrong. they promised they would try to put that into place again and also try to send in aid on the ground. if this violence does continue,
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even if it is a loss less than before, it is still taking place in those placeles that are the most desperate in aleppo and the suburbs of damascus. these place, although there is a ceasefire maybe in other places that aren't at desperate, those are the places that need the aid most and so far, the aid isn't getting to them. >> the desperation continues. thank you for that update, speaking to us from turkey. united nations hopes the truce will allow more i do delivered to civilians in besieged parts of the country. it expects supplies to reach 17 areas soundedry government forces or rebel groups. 80,000 people are currently trapped. some of the aid ear marked for the besieged areas is insufficient. the syrian government is accused of seizing some of the food aid and delivering it to villages under government control. earlier i spoke to the spokesman
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for the international committee of the red cross in syria. i asked him if the ceasefire was helping with getting aid to those besieged areas. >> wherever there is a ceasefire or not, whether the ceasefire holds or not, the icrc will be there to help as we have been doing before. of course we have to be prepared for both situations of the ceasefire taking place, but also the situation in which the fighting is continues. of course, we welcome any solution that brings more aid to the people in need and we are preparing it for other humanitarian factors to bring aid to the besieged places, but we should also stress that there are more places that might not be included in this ceasefire,
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that also are in need of humanitarian aid and the icrc is ready and will be trying to provide aid to those places, as well. >> at the same time, the opposition says that the aid that has been ear marked for these besieged areas is not enough. what do you say to that? >> well, you know, i've been herb working here all right a couple of months in this conflict, and every month, the i.c.r.c. is doing more in terms of humanitarian aid, and every month, we have more humanitarian needs. i totally agree, whatever is there, it will not be enough, and that's why we have to continue to push and to step up the humanitarian operation in syria, but i agree, that the need for the time being in too many place in syria are just enormous. a large explosion has just hit the predominantly shia
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neighborhood of al sadr north of the capital. in abu ghraib west of baghdad, a number of policemen were kidnapped after an attack there. at nearby village was raided by the group. 18 policeman were killed during an isil assault on a military bar rack near fallujah. the u.n. warns of a growing humanitarian challenge along macedonia's border with greece. >> 7,000 refugees are stuck there and are demanding they be able to cross the four balkan countries have announced a daily cap on how many can pass through. people are trying to make their way to northern and western europe, but border controls are forcing many into already overcrowded camps. let's go to our correspondent at
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the camp. this is on the greek side of the border. give us an idea of how the refugees there are coping. >> certainly they are trying to do their best. behind me, you see there are people who have blocked the railway tracks simply because they say this is the only way they have to put pressure. they are hoping that by doing that, the borders with macedonia would open, even though not many are aware it is not just macedonia who have shut its borders. every single country all the way to austria. now people are, the transit camp is overcrowded, people are setting up their tents in the field surrounding this crossing point. there's a long cue of people waiting to get food. n.g.o.'s don't have enough food for so many people. they have about 2,000 meals and there are at least 7,000.
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i've been standing here for the past few hours and all i've been watching is really people walking down the tracks, arriving to this area, people coming from the side roads, a bit of a scene reminiscent of what happened earlier in the summer of 2015 before the borders opened. >> explain to us where has the problem on this border stemmed from? >> the problem started last week, when or about 10 days ago now, when the austrian government announced that it will cap the number of asylum requests to 80 a day and won't allow more than 3,200 people transit through their territory on a daily base. that is called a domino effect. a few days ago, the borders were shut to afghan nationals. thethey had been evacuated from
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here. syrians thought at that time that they would be safe and they could continue their journey. when the border crossing opened, there's a lot of restrictions, new restrictions and measures that the syrians and iraqis are not aware of. following that, all the balkan countries, so macedonia served here croatia's story, this is one man calling, screaming that he wants the borders open. following that, all these countries have a unified position that they will not allow more than 500 people through their borders on a daily base, so the borders are basically closed, at least 23 hours a day. yesterday, we were inside macedonia, only 300 syrians were allowed to transit through that country. i to have tell you that the border between macedonia and serbia, you do have about 800
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people stranded there, mainly afghans who now don't know what's going to happen, whether they will be able to continue further or they will be deported. aid workers on the ground there also told that you say serbia i also deporting on a daily basis people back to macedonia and those come back into greece. it is really a very difficult situation. we are talking about the seven that you say that are here. you have to look at the whole country. there are thousands more in athens and then there's ones who are stranded in the islands. the government tried to deacon jest those islands and had sent ferries there. the people are now sitting in the ferries, but the ferries are not moving. they are staying there. certainly if you look all over greece, it's at least 20-25,000 refugees and migrants that are waiting to make their way here and what you see is the ones who arrived here are those who don't want to wait, who took it upon
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themselves to reach the area and we see people walking, marching towards the toward, because everybody is afraid of march one, a day that is looming where there are reports that maybe the borders at that stage will be closed to absolutely everyone. >> certainly a very difficult and desperate situation. thank you for that update, reporting for us there from the greek side of the border. >> swiss voters are deciding whether fortune errs should be deported for committing minor crimes like speeding or enology a policeman. exit polls suggest many voters rejected the proposal. the official results of the referendum is expected later on sunday. caroline marrone has more. >> living amounted working in geneva, they are worried. the referendum result could mean foreigners who commit two minor crimes within 10 years get kicked out. >> in addition to major offenses, there are minor
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offenses, so if you run a red light, if you forgot your papers, of course we could get deported, so yes, it scares me. >> posters by the right wing party show white sheep kicking black sheet and the words to guarantee our safety. the anti immigration party won the biggest share of votes in the parliamentary election last october. other european countries are considering how to deal with hundreds of thousands of migrants who arrived recently. the assault off hundreds of women on new year in cologne angered many. >> back then, it was a different climate to today, with large barbarian invasions we see on our t.v. screens following the overflow at our borders. i feel people are relatively inclined to want a mechanism to put people away who come to switzerland and behave badly. >> a quarter of the swiss
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population, around 2 million people are foreigners. there are many more in jail. 10,000 foreigners would have been deported if changes to the law had been made two years ago. among the foreigners are swiss born non-citizen children of immigrants. >> it goes some international commitments of switzerland, including the convention on human rights. it goes against the free movement of people made with the european union. >> all swiss nationals can vote in the referendum. to become law, it has to be passed in parliament, but it's already putting well integrated and generally law abiding foreigners such as edgar, on edge. >> the final results of ran's election are expect shortly. early indications are that moderates and reformists have done well in the capital. winning all 30 parliamentary seats in tehran w. iran's biggest voting district. it's a significant change from
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previous elections dominated by conservatives. rouhani secured a new deal with world leaders last year. jonah hull has more from the capital. >> as we await the final results in the coming hours of friday's election for parliament on the assembly of experts here in iran, a fuller picture is emerging of a stunning victory for the reformists and moderate allies of president rouhani here in the capital tehran, a much more mixed picture elsewhere in the country. here in tehran are the 30 seats available in parliament. all 30 having to reformists and moderate candidates, inflicting an embarrassing defeat. some big conservative names have fallen by the wayside. this does not mean that they are heading for a majority in the parliament but appears that the conservatives have lost their majority with the parliament
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with a number of independent who will have a casting vote on important issues either way. it is a resounding success for penalty rouhani, coming hot on the heels of the nuclear deal signed last year with the world powers and the lifting of international sanctions. it does not mean a sea change overnight, iran will not be a different country the day after final results are announced, but it is a big expression of support for moderate thinking, reformest hopes and a resounding expression by the people of this country of their desire for change. still to come here on al jazeera: despite what you hear, we don't need to make america great again, america has never stopped being great. >> hillary clinton gains momentum ahead of super tuesday, winning the democratic primary in south carolina. life no longer in limbo, the democratic republican of
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congress let's some orphans unit with their overseas parents. we'll have more after the break. 9
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you're watching al jazeera. the top stories this hour. syria's opposition is accusing government forces of repeatedly breaking a temporary ceasefire during its first 24 hours. 15 rebel held areas nationwide were attacked with heavy guns and barrel bombs. the u.n. is washing of a growing humanitarian challenge along macedonia's border with greece. 7,000 retch gees are stuck there
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and demanding they be able to cross. the final results of iran's election are expected shortly. moderates and reformists have done very well in the capital. taking all 30 parliamentary seats in tehran. 26 coal miners have been pronounced dead following a second underground explosion in northern russia. the latest blast kills six people including five rescue workers. they were searching for the missing miners following the explosion thursday. that killed four miners at the coal mine. the search operation has now been stopped due to safety concerns. >> early election results show i'd's government suffered big losses at the polls. the country's minister conceded the ruling coalition will not return to power. demonstrators in myanmar
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don't want suukyi to win the election. some want the election law to be changed. more than 200 orphans are being allowed to leave the democratic republican of congo to start a new life with adopted parents. adoptions were suspended because of child abuse and trafficking concerns. 900 orphans are waiting for their cases to be reviewed as we report now from the capital. >> these are some of the destitute children who have been orphaned or abandoned and being taken care of at this children's home on the edge of the city. she arrived a few days ago, found alone on the streets in
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one of the townships. the 92 children here waiting to be adopted, but the government suspended adoptions four years ago, and it's been tough for the home. >> we have to keep children who have already been adopted and we are still receiving new arrivals. it's hard to take care of all of them and provide all their basic needs. >> things may get better. 7013 who had already been adopted in countries like france, canada and u.s. will now get visas to be allowed to travel. after years of waiting, they can now join the their adopted families in france. >> you'll find many abandoned children. the ban on international adopts was meant to protect such vulnerable children, some of whom the government says and are being abused in foreign countries. >> since the ban, there have been more reported cases of child smuggling.
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this woman says her 4-year-old twins were taken from her in her village. she said she followed reports they had been taken to an orphanage in the capital but arrived too late. all she that to go on is the picture of a american man who she is told has her children in the u.s. >> i just want to tell whoever has my children to return them. i am not asking for anything else. i have nowhere to live in this city. i have been sleeping on the floor. i have been robbed, but i won't go back home without my children. >> this is one of the countries international adoption agencies. a bill before parliament could see the lifting of the moratorium and proper regulation of foreign adoptions. >> if passed, the law will have a provision for committee to monitor progress of the children when they leave the country. if properly implemented, child trafficking will be a thing of
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the past. >> back at the home, they may be too young to understand how a new improved law may help them but those who take care of the children say they want them placed with stable, loving families here or abroad. >> hillary clinton has won the democratic primary in the u.s. state of south carolina. the former secretary of state celebrated a decisive victory over rival bernie sanders. her win comes ahead of the super tuesday primaries next week when several states will choose which candidate to support. now, if clinton does clinch the democratic nomination, many believe her likely opponent will be front runner donald trump. our white house correspondent looks at how one man has come to dominate the campaign. >> in the battleground state of virginia it doesn't take long to find someone with pretty strong opinions about the presidential election. >> i think american voters are
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very angry about a lot of things. >> a retired lawyer, now using the cafe as an office, at 62 years old has voted in a lot of elections. she doesn't remember anything quite like this one, mostly because donald trump is winning. >> i think he's a madman. >> make america great again. >> businessman donald trump is leading the republican primary so far, despite or possibly because of statements like this. on mexicans. >> they're bringing drugs, they're bringing crime. they are rapists. >> on john mccain. >> he's not a war hero. he's a war hero because he was captured. i like people that weren't captured. >> on his own campaign. >> i could stand in the middle of fifth avenue and shoot somebody and i wouldn't lose voters, ok? >> very few predicted the rise of trump. unlike the rest of the country, the capital region wasn't affected by the great recession.
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>> if you're from a community of color, if you only have a high school education, if you come from a rust belt region, if you used to work in manufacturing, things have been really tough and they haven't gotten that much better for you. >> at this cafe, she is surrounded by people who lost income and jobs to the recession. she understands why people are angry. >> i'd like this to punch him in the face, i tell you. >> she still doesn't understand why these are the candidates she has to choose from, including the party she belongs to, the democrats. >> i'm so frustrated that i've almost stopped speaking about it. i want to cry. i want to cry for the choices that americans are facing today. >> she doesn't know who she'll vote for in the end, but she's sure of one thing, donald trump will not be president of the united states. >> americans will come to their senses. we're not as stupid as that. >> but they are angry, which she
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is hoping after this campaign, washington finally realize is. four have been stacked during a protest at a clue clutch clan rally in the united states. several counter protestors were taken into custody after allegedly attacking a ku klux klan supporter. embrace of the serpent is competing for an academy award. we have this report now from
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bogota. >> i feel that the film has struck oh chord with audiences worldwide. people are tired of modern society and looking for different ways to live. some need to be reminded of their cultures. people have responded enthusiastically. >> a response that brought international recognition first at the can film festival and then with an oscar nomination for best foreign picture. the first ever for a colombian film. >> it's a coming of age for colombian cinema and we're glad we got to be a part of it. >> films like land and shade also won at cannes among others.
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>> we created the fund from ticket sales and profits of producers and directors. we don't depend on the national budget nor the political will of who's in power. it's helped three productions a year become 36. >> film critics and industry insiders agree 2015 has been the best year ever in the history of colombian cinema, while there are may be reasons to celebrate, one important component is still missing, a strong national audience. while theater attendance talked in the last five years, only 5% of the revenue goes to colombian films. >> we need support from bolt the government and the colombian audience to be sustained in order for this to grow and sustain itself in time. hopefully it is the start of the first golding age of colombian
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cinema. >> one that's showing the promise of a country rife with great stories to tell and an audience at home ready to fully fall in love with them. for all the latest news, head to aljazeera.com. this is techknow. a show about innovations that can change lives. the science of fighting a wild-fire. we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity and we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science, by scientists. tonight, techknow investigates the ivory trail they've tried to seize it, burn it, but nothing has stopped the terrible

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