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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  February 28, 2016 11:00am-11:31am EST

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>> hello, you're washing al jazeera live from london. our top story this hour, the situation in syria, a cessation of hostilities appears to be holding in most parts of the country, but not everywhere. the opposition is accusing the government forces of attacking at least 15 rebel held areas using heavy artillery and barrel bombs. activists are saying that russia has carried out airstrikes in aleppo. at least 10 people are thought
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to have died in the village. the u.n. hopes the truce will allow more aid to be delivered to besieged civilians. that was the other key aspect of this deal. 480,000 people are thought trapped by government forces or rebel groups. we know that in its second day, the truce is holding, but is coming under pressure. there has been reports of violations. jamal has been tracking everything. he joins us live now. there have been reports of violence in homs and also around aleppo, but what do we know about what's happening on the ground there and whether this truce will continue to survive? >> just in the past couple of hours, the syrian national council, the main opposition group that was part of negotiating this deal has actually sent a formal complaint to u.n. secretary ban ki-moon, it lists what it claims are
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several violations by what it said in the letter by the syrian regime, by the russian forces and by the iranians and militia fighting along with bashar al assad's army. they say the very first hours of the has stilts coming into effect. and you say mentioned, things in and around aleppo and homs also in the suburbs of damascus. also down south. violations have taken place from the syrian opposition, but they label them at terrorists, saying what they call terrorist elements broke the ceasefire agreements in latakia. what is significant toments is that all sides are blaming the other for breaching this agreement. what we know for a fact is that violence that decreased significantly. the question is, this wasn't a
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deal about trying to find relative calm. this was a deal about trying to find complete silence for the gun to allow aid to go there. unless that's going to happen and we're less than 48 hours into this deal, it's difficult to see how this ceasefire will last for the two weeks that was mentioned. >> reports of violations on both sides, but the other key dimension to this deal was the delivery of aid to besieged towns and cities as a confidence building measure particularly as we look at the prospect of further talks later in march. is much aid getting through? >> so far not really. the places that are most in need of aid are places that are under rebel control in the sense that they are places that are besieged by the syrian government. providing aid to these places, obviously will first and foremost help alleviate the
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extreme suffering of months now. this is where it comes into being a bit more difficult. the assad regime could very well see this as something that will bolster fighting on the ground. the sadaam regime is being seen as using starvation as a war. there is no independent verify case on the ground. they need to assure aid is being reached by those people. the u.n. tried to air drop and that went horribly wrong. air drop doesn't provide near the amount needed the in these places. it's just too dangerous for aid
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agencies to go by ground. they risk kidnap or whisk being bombed from the sky by barrel bombs or the russian air force. that's where the sticking point is in terms of aid. >> it's still a very complex situation on the ground. for now, the truce appears to be holding. there have been accusations of truce violations really on both sides by government forces and by rebel groups. let's get more now on exactly what's been happening on the ground in syria. >> day two of the truce in syria got off to a bad start. a war plane believed to be russian hit a number of villages and towns in the country side of aleppo province. people here in the town thought they were safe.
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many people woke up to this, following the early morning raids. >> people were sleeping. they hit the houses, shops, the markets. >> get your militia out, this from iran and hezbollah. >> the truce was meant to help the people but seemed it different. al-qaeda and isl are excluded from the deal. people deny that fighters here. activists have said that the group is one of the a number of rebel groups holding the area. little terms can be interpreted different by all the warring sides. the ministry of defense in moscow said russian strikes are not a violation of the terms of the truce because al-nusra front was the target. the russians say they recorded nine violations on the rebel side in the last 24 hours. fighting is also being reported between government forces and the rebels in the province and in other areas. turkey's president erdogan is warning kurdish fighters, the
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y.p.g. fighting isil in northern syria that a turkish army will stop them from creating a free corridor on turkey's southern border and that could worsen the fragile truce. our other top stair, at least 30 died in an attack in the predominantly shia neighborhood of sadr city. this is just north of the iraqi capital. sixty others were wounded when a roadside bomb and a suicide attacker targeted a busy market. isil has said it was behind that attack. al jazeera has more from the capital, baghdad. >> iraqis still suffer from sectarian divisions. iraqi security forces and iraqi political authority are trying to put an end for this sectarian conflict, but unfortunately,
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these conflicts are still going on. with this death toll, a very huge death toll. unfortunately it will deepen again the security conflict and the security between the iraqi people. >> now greece warns that the number of refugees and migrants on its soil could more than triple next month because of the cap imposed by balkan countries further up the route. greece's migration minister said as many as 70,000 could be trapped in greece next month unless other countries help relieve the burden of numbers. we have this report.
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>> they are dropped in squalid conditions. >> children jostle for a bottle of water, an orange and perhaps a sandwich, queuing for everything is a daily grind here. the cue to be let through to the border crossing is even longer. tempers sometimes flare. >> if i want food, i have to wait two hours. it's very bad life. >> at night, the child is very cold. it's not life here. really, it's not life here. >> on sunday, refugees blocked the rail line between greece and macedonia, chanting demands to be allowed to pass. macedonia were unmoved. the number effectively trapped in greece could rise to 70,000 next month. efforts by turkey and nato are
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expected to significantly stem the flow of arrivals across the aegean in the next weeks, bub the plight of those already in europe is becoming a grave concern. paul brennan, al jazeera. >> al jazeera is in a greek village close to the border with macedonia. hodor, can you tell us more about conditions there and what you've been seeing? >> conditions are becoming more and more difficult. you can see people have just grabbed a tent and set up in the field all around the border crossing. some tried to put pressure on the national community to make their voice heard.
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the number of people arriving here is increasing by the hour. all we've seen is the scenes reminiscent of at the time back in 2015 before the border were opening, people walking around the railway track, entire families on the move, also on the road, just they're all coming here. now when you tell them you know that the border is closed, some do know, others say well, we want to be here to make sure when they open, we go through, because there is anxiety and uncertainty in the air that maybe the borders will be importantly closed and that's what they're really worried about. aid workers are overwhelmed. we were talking to n.g.o.'s operating underground and they said we don't have enough news for all these people. they had 2,000 meals, even though there are about 7,000 people here, so certainly conditions are difficult, and with the amount of people who continue coming here, things
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could get worse in the coming days. a stark warning from greece's migration minister saying 17,000 migrants might go trapped in the country next month, are we hearing anything from authorities there about contingency plans, how they might deal with this? >> well, we do know that the greek authorities are trying to locate some maybe empty buildings or to try to open five more reception centers here in the north of the country. we also know that this is a contingency plan especially to evacuate the islands. they have shipped ferry's there and people are, refugees are staying on those ferries, even though the ferries are not moving to mainland, we are hearing that some of the ferries might be brought to try to bring in mortars.
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certainly it is very difficult. the main issue for the greeks is how long this issue will last. at the moment, there is no sign. you do have people stranded on the southern border of that country and also on the northern border of that country. you have that all along all the way to austria. what we've seen over the last 24 hours is probably more people being pushed back and deported along the borders and people actually making their way to western europe. >> thank you very much, hodor reporting from greece where many main grants and refugees are stranded close to the border with macedonia. this is still much more to come. >> so much to look forward to. >> optimism and momentum for hillary clinton, as she wins the
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democratic primary in south carolina. >> orphaned by war, the children in the democratic republican of congo vulnerable to people trafficking.
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both russia and assad regime are accused of continued attacks in syria despite the cessation of hostilities.
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an isil attack north of the iraqi capitol. greece warns the numbers of refugees could triple next month because of the cap imposed by ball tan countries further up the migrant route. a clearer picture is emerging of a major victory for mod lets and row formists in iran's elections. they've taken all 30 parliament seats in tehran, the biggest voting district. it's a change by previous elections dominate by conservatives. it is seen as a boost for president rouhani. >> as we await the final results here in iran, a fuller picture is emerging. a stunning victory for the
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reformists and moderate allies of pat rouhani in the capital tehran, a more mixed picture elsewhere in the country. here in tehran, of the 30 seats available in parliament, all 30 have gone to candidates inflicting an embarrassment defeat on conservatives. this does not mean the reformists and moderates are heading for a majority, but does hear that the conservative have lost their majority with the number of independents who will have a casting vote on the issues either way. it is a resounding success for president rouhani coming hot on the heels of the nuclear deal signed last year with the world powers and the lifting of international sanctions. it does not mean that sea change overnight. iran will not be a different country the day after final results are announced, but it is
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a big expression of support for moderate thinking, reformist hopes and a resounding expression by the people of this country of their desire for change. hillary clinton has won the democratic primary in the u.s. state of south carolina. the former secretary of state celebrated a decisive victory over rifle better than sad, coming healed of the super tuesday primary next week. >> we have so much to look forward to. there's no doubt in my mind that america's best years can be ahead of us. we have got to believe that. we've got to work for that. we have to stand with each other. we have to hold each other up, lift each other up, move together into the future that we will make. thank you, god bless you and god bless america! >> the race is now entering a decisivive stage.
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al jazeera's patty calhane takes a closer look at how one man dominated the campaign. >> in the battleground state of virginia, it doesn't take you long to find someone with pretty strong opinions. >> i think the american voters are very angry about a lot of things. >> lena uses a cafe as an office. at 62 years old, she said voted in a lot of elections but she doesn't remember anything quite like this one, mostly because donald trump is winning. >> i think he's a madman. >> make america great again. >> donald trump is leading the republican primary so far, despite or possibly because of statements like this. on mexicans. >> they're bringing drugs, they're bringing crime. they're rapists. >> on john mccain. >> he's not a war hero. >> he's a war hero. >> he's a war hero because he was captured. i like people that weren't captured.
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>> on his own campaign. >> i could stand in the middle of fifth avenue and shoot somebody and i wouldn't lose any voters, ok? >> very few people in washington predicted the rise of trump. unlike the rest of the country, the capitol region wasn't impacted as much by the great recession. houses still have value and wages are high. >> if you're from a community of color, only have a high school education, come from the rust belt, if you work in manufacturing, things have been really tough and they haven't gotten that much better for you. >> at this cafe, she is surrounded by people who have started over after losing jobs and income to the recession. she understands why people are angry. >> i'd like to punch him in the face. >> she still doesn't understand how these are the candidates she has to choose from, including the party she belongs to, the democrats. >> i'm so frustrated, so frustrated that i've almost
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stopped thinking about it. i want to cry. i want to cry for the choices that americans are facing today. >> she doesn't know who she'll vote for in the end, but she's sure of one thing. donald trump will not be president of the united states. >> americans will come to their senses. we're not as stupid as that. >> but they are angry, and she's hoping that after this campaign, washington finally realizes it. patty calhane, al jazeera, washington. >> a third explosion at a coal mine in russia's north killed workers. they were trying to save 20 mix miners after two explosions on thursday. rescue operations at the mine have now been halted. russian officials say those trapped underground have all died. we have the latest mom moscow. >> rescue effort have been called off now. the series of explosions means it's too unsafe to try and see
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if anyone else is still alive. the mining company is trying to work out what to do next. it has two options, really, flood the mine with water to try and put out the force that are still burning or shut off the air supply and asphyxiate those flames. that doesn't spell out what it means for those who might be alive underground. the conditions are so severe down this mine that they don't think there are any survivors left. rush does have a pretty lamentable record for mining safety. it has a lot of poorly maintained mines left over and there are safety regulations on paper, but often, these are not properly enforced. also the fact that these mines are often in very remote parts of the country mean when things do go wrong, it's very difficult to mount a proper rescue operation. >> adoptions in the democratic republic of congo was suspended
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in 2013 over child abuse and trafficking concerns. the government is now allowing more than 200 children who had been adopted by foreign parents to finally join their new families. hundreds of other orphans still waiting to have their cases reviewed. catherine soy reports now. >> these are some of the destitute children who have been orphaned or abandoned and being taken care of at this children's home on the edge of the city p.m. she arrived a few days ago, found alone on the streets in one of the townships. the 92 children here waiting to be adopted, but the government suspended adoptions four years ago, and it's been tough for the home. >> we have to keep children who have already been adopted and we are still receiving new arrivals. it's hard to take care of all of them and provide all their basic needs. >> things may get better.
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70 children who had already been adopted in countries like france, canada and u.s. will now get exit visas to be allowed to travel. after years of waiting, they can now join the their adopted families in france. >> you'll find many abandoned children. the ban on international adoption was meant to protect such vulnerable children, some of whom the government says and are being abused in foreign countries. >> since the ban, there have been more reported cases of child smuggling. this woman says her 4-year-old twins were taken from her in her village. she said she followed reports they had been taken to an orphanage in the capital but arrived too late. all she has to go on is the picture of the american man who she is told has her children in the u.s. >> i just want to tell whoever has my children to return them. i am not asking for anything else.
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i have nowhere to live in this city. i have been sleeping on the floor. i have been robbed, but i won't go back home without my children. >> this is one of the country's international adoption agencies. a bill before parliament could see the lifting of the moratorium and proper regulation of foreign adoptions. >> if passed, the law will have a provision for committee to monitor progress of the children when they leave the country. if properly implemented, child trafficking will be a thing of the past. >> back at the home, they may be too young to understand how a new improved law may help them but those who take care of the children say they want them placed with stable, loving families here or abroad. hollywood is preparing for its biggest night of the year with the 88th academy awards. it's sunday morning in los
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angeles, and preparations are in full swing for the oscars. black actor chris rock will be presenting, but this year's ceremony has been overshadowed by controversy over race issues with director spike lee and actor will smith saying they won't attend. more than 225 countries will be broadcasting the ceremony and 80 countries have submitted films for best foreign language. >> for the first time, the film from colombia has been nominated for be a oscar. embrace of the serpents is competing for an academy award for best foreign picture. it tells of tribes in the amazon jungle. >> filmed deep into the jungle, embrace of the as her spent tells the story of two parallel expeditions down the amazon river three years apart. it's a mesmerizing tribute to the lost cultures of the
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colombian amazon ravaged by western colonialism. >> i think the film struck to chord with our audiences worldwide. some are looking for different ways to live and many people are on a spiritual search and to be reminded of original cultures is something people want. >> it brings royce from from the cannes film festival. >> it's like a coming of age for colombian cinema. we're just glad we got to be a part of it. >> films like land and shade also won at cannes among others and show signs of a resurgent film industry that had been considered in death throes in
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the 1990's. a decade old film law is starting to bear fruit. >> we created a film development fund from ticket sales and profits from producers. we don't depend on the national budget nor the political will of who's in power. it's helped three production as year become 36. >> film critics and industry insiders agree that 2015 has been the best year ever in the history of colombian cinema. while there are many reasons to celebrate, one important com opponent is still missing, a strong international audience. >> while theater attendance doubled in the last five years, only 5% of the revenue goes to colombian films. >> we need the support from bolt the government and the colombian audience for this to sustain and grow. hopefully we start to find the
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first golden age of colombian cinema. >> one that is showing the promise of a country rife with great stories to tell, with audiences at home fully ready to fall in love with them. more on everything we're covering right here. >> this week on talk to al jazeera, director and producer spike lee. >> oh snap! >> we gonna make sure these fools put down these guns. >> lee's new film "chi-raq" tacklesgang warfare in chicago - and the idea that a "sex strike" could help quell it. while it's a satire based in one inner city, gun violence is an epidemic. >> how long will be...

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