as fighting and air attacks test syria's fragile troops, people all over the country wait for vital aid. -- fragile truce. welcome. you're watching al jazeera coming to you live from our headquarters here in doha, with me peter dobbie. also in the next 30 minutes. a period of relative calm in baghdad is shattered by double i.s.i.l. bombing. the highest ranking vatican official to testify in a sexual
abuse hearing. plus. >> i thank for this award. >> reporter: a journalism dram is the best picture winner and dicapriio takes best actor award. we start in syria where the u.n. is planning to deliver valgts aid to besieged areas cut off by the violence. there has been less fighting, so the u.n. is trying to deliver aid to isolated areas. on monday it is hoping to get to mouadam iya and others. despite the pause in fighting there have been air strikes in homs and idlib. opposition parties say continued breaches will make talks
unattainable. there may be a lull in the fighting for now, but life has hardly changed for the millions of syrian refugees and those who are displaced. our correspondent sent a report from this camp. >> reporter: it feels like the world has abandoned this man. he has had his home destroyed twice in the past five years. the second time was just a few weeks ago. on >> translation: they bombed my home and destroyed high car which had all my belongings in if. >> reporter: russia says it is only bombing fighters in syria. i asked why he believes his town was targeted. >> translation: there were no terrorists in our town. the russians were targeting civilians. they want to compel the sun eep and arabs so the kurds can move in >> reporter: he is one of tens
of thousands of people who flooded towards the turkish border. it is not equipped to accommodate all these people. there are only a handful of toilets for the tens of thousands here, medicine is in supply and it is hard to combat the cold. the camp administrators says they're doing their bed. they have provided 20,000 blankets and more than 3,000 tents but they say much, much more is needed. >> unfortunately, the international community are not doing enough, which we expected from them. hopefully after the ceasefire which is signed by both sides, it will encourage the international community to provide the services for people. >> reporter: the aid agencies have set up tents to shelter the
thousands of internally displaced. the conditions are dire to say the least. look at this. this is essentially the drainage system. it is just a couple of inches dug into the ground. if there is any sort of significant rainfall, all of that water will flood into the tent not only adding to the bitter cold by also increasing the risk of disease across this camp. as we walk through the camp we meet this lady who came here with her four children. two need medical care and she fears for her life. >> translation: where shall i go? put us in a place so we can die peacefully and we will. we don't even want to live any more. >> reporter: her cries are that of a mother whose children's life is slipping away as she watches helplessly. but her story isn't the only
one. this lady's children could youer in their-- cower in their tent to keep warm. aid is supposed to reach all those in need across syria. the sheer destruction and devastation to people's lives and property makes that an almost could impossible task. what is even more daunting to think about is how and if all that has been destroyed will ever be rebuilt live to our correspondent on the border on the turkey-syria border. there seems to be a certain lack of clarity today as to how the aid is going to get in, whether it is going in by road or even air drops. just walk us through the practicalities here. >> reporter: practice a.m.ly speaker, air-- practically speaker air drops are safer in terms of ensuring they get to the areas.
we saw one tried a few days ago. can wasn't deleted and it destroyed the crates. what is also making air drops more impractical is that they're very limited in what they can deliver. the last time they tried was roughly 20 tons. it is barely a truckload worth of aid. reallyise particular a.m.ly the way-- realistically it is to deliver it by ground, but there isn't any peacekeepers and that's why people are being sceptical. they're saying unless there are monito monitors, providing safety, because aid workers have tried to go on their own and many have been killed by air strikes or killed by i.s.i.l. and kidnapped
by i.s.i.l. all of those hurdles remain in place because there are air strikes and, obviously, i.s.i.l. is operative in several parts of syria and that is making it built difficult they have no back up and they have to accept a guarantee from people who have broken guarantees in the past. >> reporter: indeed. that is the problem. if they're already finding that kind of lack of trust a hurdle, imagine how it feels for the civilians in there who have had promises of ceasefires many a time before around each time those ceasefires haven't held. it is important maybe to look at the more positive side or relatively more positive side this time around, which is although the ceasefire hasn't held 100%, the violence has decreased more than in previous times but not in the flash point areas, particularly around aleppo and the countryside of
damascus. they're the more sensitive areas because of the positions and what makes them more significant. we heard as you mentioned there the opposition sent a letter to the u.n. secretary general, also the saudi prime minister made statements yesterday. the regime is urged not to continue the violations. the bashar al-assad regime has accused the rebel groups of violating, at least in latakia on sunday, but all the while, like i say, unless there is some sort of independence body that can verify and maybe put some punitive measures for those who breach those deals, then it is very much touch and go thanks very much. i.s.i.l. says its forces were behind a bomb attack in the baghdad market which killed at
least 70 people. it happened in the shia neighborhood of the capital. >> reporter: one of the bloodiest days iraq has seen in recent weeks. this amateur video captures chaos moments after twin bomb attacks in a busy market. it is in a mainly shia neighborhood just north of the capital. the first bomb exploded on a motorcycle. as suicide bomber blew himself up as they civilians tried to help the victims. security forces were attacked earlier. al jazeera can't verify these pictures. several military personnel are said to have been killed. a nearby village was seized by armed fighters. military barracks were raid. i.s.i.l. is being held responsible for these attacks too. >> they still have the ability
to do coordinated attacks that have these spectacular results, but i think we've reached a point over the last year and a half since they took over mosul in 2014 where they're no longer able to sustain and attack and capture territory. so i'm afraid for the short-term, perhaps, for the foreseeable future. we can expect that they can lash out. >> reporter: the iraqi army is preparing an offensive to retake the northern city of mosul. iraqi forces supported by u.s. coalition air strikes have driven back. troops from the 71 of the bringing aid of the 15 group. >> reporter: violence in baghdad has decreased since i.s.i.l. launched an offensive two years ago and many of its fighters
were moved elsewhere. in 2015 a long running night-time curfew was ended. the prime minister said it is a response to i.s.i.l.'s recent defeat. for iraqi people there is no sign the i.s.i.l. threat is diminishing voters in switzerland have rejected a plan to send foreigners to be removed without appeal if convicted of two minor crimes in a period of 10 years. refugees inside the greek have changed their rules. new rules have created a bottlene bottleneck. they're falling pray to people smugglers.
>> reporter: the story started with so much hope in kabul but they now find themselves defeated in a transit camp on the northern border. they were deported from serbia when balkan shut their borders for after gangs. for them the journey had to continue. so they tried to cross into serbia once more. they didn't want to disclose their name. >> translation: we met a pakistani who invited us to his home. when we got there, he said if we paid him $1800 he would take us to germany. we got the money transferred, but four days later we were still there. when we said we wanted to go, that's when the fight started. >> reporter: they say they were punched, kicked and stabbed several times by a pakistani gang until villagers rescued them. port augusta listening is--
people smuggling is happening against. it meant crossing an empty field and hoping to go undetected by the police previously. now there is a fence that stretches along the borderline and there are night and day patrols on the other side. still despite all these measures people are trying to get through. anyone who approaches is quickly spotted. macedonian check and forces are deployed here. reinforcements along the 40 kilometer long fence. it is not letting the smugglers or the desperate clients. >> translation: at night we hear the dogs barking, we see people passing over. the smugglers will take more money. >> reporter: the trails go across the fields. narrow tracks that take them through the fields and hoods. some left their mark behind.
this group of northern african migrants took this route last week. we met them in northern greece as they were setting off at sun set with expectation. they only made it at belgrade before being turned back to macedonia. >> translation: i came through the fence. there was a hole. we were six, but we separated along the road. i walked for five nights so no-one would see me and then slept a few hours a day anywhere, by the side of the rail trackss in the forest. >> reporter: now they don't know what to do next. thousands of refugees are stranded in greece. for now they have chosen to put pressure on the authorities and wait for the crossing to open. many of them are already wondering whether they will have to once again turn to smugglers to reach their european dream
opposition say breaches will make talks unattainable. 23 people are confirmed dead following a suicide attack on a market on saturday. greece has warned that the number of refugees inside the country could triple next month. new rules who can cause from greece into macedonia are causing problems. pakistan has executed a former police body guard after he shot the governor of punjab over his call to restrict laws. he had been hailed as a hero by some in pakistan after he gunned down one in 2011. he was an out spoken critic of the blasphemy laws. the armed group has claimed responsibility for killing at least 30 people in somalia. the attacks happened in two students.
a suicide bomber rammed his car into one of the restaurants before the second attacker blew himself up at another restaurant nearby. 40 people were injured. a high ranking cardinal has acknowledged the catholic chump has made enormous mistakes in allowing thousands of children to be abused by priests over a period of centuries. george pell is appearing before a royal commission into sex abuse. he is appearing on video link. >> reporter: taking the witness stand on the other side of the world. on sunday night cardinal george pell answered questions by a sex abuse commission in sydney from rome via avideo link. he was a senior priest in ballarat and in melbourne from 1970s to 90s when tens of children were abused by priests. the commission wants to know whether he knew and why he didn't do anything about it.
pell said he was too unwell to travel to australia to face the commission in person, a claim that sparked widespread outrage in a crowd funding campaign that raised more than $150,000 in a week to cover travel expenses to rome for 15 survivors. >> we're not here to intimidate him or anything, but he has got to look at our faces, the ones who have been damaged by the clergy. >> i would love to see him stand up and say we got this wrong. we didn't handle this well, but we can do better now. we can help the victims now. >> reporter: at 11 years old this man was abused by his uncle, a priest who has since been convicted of 80 counts of child abuse. he was the first survivor to speak out in 1993. he says cardinal pell knew both him and his abuser.
>> card nam pell, he was bishop then, he was a family friend. i had known him since i was a child. he was the bishop of where i was living so i called him in the hope that he could help me in some way. he said to me "what will it take to keep you quiet? " >> reporter: he will give evidence once a day at least until wednesday. he is not facing criminal charges, but should the abuse acommission ignored the situation, his position could be unattainable to turkey where the president says he neither accepts or respects the court ruling to release journalists. they were arrested in november and still face a future trial. they're accused of publishing a video showing state intelligence agency sending weapons into
syria. official numbers haven't been released from elections in iran but it shows an overwhelming vote for the president. moderates and reformists have done well. they have won all 30 seats. it is a significant change from previous elections which were domestic made by the conservatives. peru has declared an emergency three weeks after its main oil pipeline burst. 3,000 barrels of oil have been flowing into the river. >> reporter: a teenager in this region enters this river the way he has always done. there is a new danger in these waters. a couple of weeks ago 3,000 barrels of oil burst out of a pipeline and into the main source of water and food for
several indigenous communities. the government has told the group they shouldn't eat fish from the river. it has hit families like this hard. they're surviving on ban ans. >> translation: people are contaminating the forest more and more. sickness is coming. the river is polluted. fish are now sick just the like the people. >> reporter: the burst pipeline belongs to state company. the man in charge of the clean up operation told us that the oil is almost all gone and the fish are now fine. >> translation: has the company we say it is safe to bathe and you can eat the fish, but the population distrusts us because they don't know oil and its behaviour >> reporter: i asked him if the company had any results to back that claim up? >> translation: the studies have been taken and are being analysed. we haven't got the results.
>> reporter: although he is quick to declare the river clean, the people have been accused of acting late. they're only providing widespread food, water and specialized medical attention now, weeks after a crisis which has effected more than 200 people's health. this lady is one of several she worries her child's bouts of fever are connected to the spill. >> translation: i went to work and left her at home. i found here when i came home covered in oil. >> reporter: over the years they have had plenty of practice in dealing with the spills. the main pipeline was put together more than 30 years ago. environmental groups say time has taken its toll. this is just one of three spills in less than a month. there is more. 20 spills in the last five years, all on the same people line where the lessons will be
learned this time is yet to be seen north korea has presented a detained u.s. student in front of the media for the first time since his arrest in late january. there was a tearful apology to the press. he was arrested after attempting to steal a banner of an international hotel. he says a church back home wanted it as a trophy, but north korea says he has committed an anti state crime. they have released no details of the charges he is face. the longest speech during a sitting of the parliament is into it's 7th straight day. it is to prevent a vote on anti terrorism law. it will allow the intelligence services to collect personal data. the opposition argues the bill violates privacy rights and could be used to crackdown on
political dissent. >> reporter: this is rare in politics. nothing like this has happened since 1969. the reason that it is happening now is two-fold. it is a piece of legislation that the opposition is opposed to coming into legislation in this country. secondly, the speaker of the national assembly has decided that it has been languishing for years and it is time to bring it to a vote. the reason that the government, the national intelligence service say it's necessary is because there is the threat of north korea after the recent rocket launch and before that the nuclear test, also there's the issue of middle eastern groups such as i.s.i.l., al-nusra, al-qaeda, as far as the opposition is concerned the language in this law is simply too vague. it will allow anyone suspected of terrorism activity to have
their phone records tapped - their phones tapped, their bank records accessed by the government and so the opposition says it is going to simply talk this out until the end of the current session on march '10. if the ruling party then wants to enforce it, it can do so by calling a new plenary session and forcing a vote immediately at that stage 26 workers have been declared dead after an explosion aflt a coal mine in russia. rescuers launched a massive search operation on thursday but now they say there is no hope of finding the miners alive. it is worst mining disaster for russia since 120. a film about determined newspaper reporting is the best winner. the move called spotlight beat the favorite revenant whose star took home the best actor award.
>> the oscar goes to leonardo. >> reporter: he has certainly been waiting for this. five times before tonight he had come close but this was to be his night at last. in fact, the revenant took another big award too. >> it goes it nnarritu. >> reporter: second time lucky for him. >> it is amazing to receive this award tonight. >> reporter: no hat trick for his film. >> oscar goes to spotlight. this movie had been mooted as the best picture. it was a contender, but it wasn't the favorite. it just goes to show you never can tell what's going to happen in hollywood. when it came to best actress,
bri larson took that. she didn't seem overly surprised. she was the hot favorite after all. >> thank you to everyone who partnershiped participated in room. thank you to all who saw it. >> reporter: mad max was also a big winner. six oscars for in movie. all eyes were on the host chris rock. the accusations of racism not far from everyone's mind. for weeks there has been pressure on the academy after nominations were announced and they were all white >> i counted at least 15 black people on that montage. >> reporter: it is over for another year. these oscars has been the most controversial. that issue of lack of diversity over shadowing things. the big things now, as the film industry enters that period of
soul search, will the hashtag be back next year? aljazeera.com is our website address. you can get more on our stories there. trump presidency. and my final thought on america's double standard when it comes to double rights. i'm ali velshi . this is third rail apple computer resisting a court order to open an iphone attack.