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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 29, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EST

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burst of violence test syria's shaky truce, but it is said they will keep honoring the deal. welcome. you're watching al jazeera coming to you live from doha. i'm peter dobbie. also in the next 30 minutes. the highest ranking vatican official to testify on child sex abuse claims says the church made "enormous mistakes". iran's moderate deal another blow to the conservatives as the election results come in. plus >> i thank you all for this amazing award tonight
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fifth time lucky leonardo dicaprio takes home the best actor oscar. but a surprise picture winner we start in syria where the u.n. is planning to deliver vital aid to besieged areas cut off by the violence. there is now a lull in the fighting. so the u.n. is trying to deliver aid to isolated areas over the coming days. these areas include these areas. elsewhere they want to get into these two founds. there have been air strikes in homs and idlib. in the letter to the u.n. secretary opposition parties are saying that the continued breaches would make new talks "unattainab "unattainable". government forces have attacked several areas. there may be a lull in the fighting nor to you, but life
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has hardly changed for the millions of syrian refugees and those who are internally displaced. our correspondent gained exclusive access to a refugee camp. >> reporter: this man feels like the world has abandoned him. he has had his home destroyed twice in the past five years. the second time was just a few weeks ago. >> translation: they bombed my home as we tried to escape. they bombed my car which had all my belongings in it. >> reporter: it is described as terrorists in syria. i asked him why he believes his town was targeted. >> translation: there were no terrorists in our town. the russians were targeting civilians. they want to pave the way for kurds and shias to move in. >> reporter: he is one of tens of thousands of people who flooded towards the turkish border. this camp is not equipped to
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accommodate all these people. there are only a handful of toilets for the tens of thousands here. medicine is in short supply and there is no heating to combat the severe cold. the aid agency which runs the camp together with charities says it is doing its best. 100,000 loaves of bred and 25,000 hot meals are delivered every day. they have also provided 20,000 blankets and more than 3,000 tents, but they say much, more much is needed. >> unfortunately, the international community is not doing enough, which we expected from them. hopefully after the ceasefire which is signed by both sides, it will encourage the international communities to provide the services for these people. >> reporter: aid agencies have set up tents to shelter thousands. the conditions are die to say the leaflet. take a look at this. this is essentially the drainage
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system. it is just a couple of inches dug into the ground. if there necessary sort of significant rainfall, all of that water will flood into the tent, not only adding to the builter cold but also increasing the risk of spread of disease across this camp. as we walk through the camp we met this woman who has come here on foot walking hundreds of kilometers with her four children. two of them need medical fear and she fears for their lives. >> translation: where should i go? put us in a place and we will die peacefully and we will. we want to die peacefully >> reporter: a cry of a mother's children's lives slip away as she is watching helplessly. her story isn't neek. both of this lady's children are ment disabled. they are lucky to have found
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food and shelter. the cessation of hostilities agreement is meant to allow to reach aid for all those in need across syria. the sheer destruction and devastation to people and their lives makes it an impossible task. what is even more daunting to think about is how or if all that has been destroyed will ever be rebuilt there have been some developments on the ground inside syria. get us ride up to speed-- right up to speed with the latest. >> reporter: just in the past hour reports that russian air strikes targeted the southern suburb which does not have a presence of i.s.i.l. or a presence of al-nusra front. we understand that the air strikes targeted positions belonging to the free syrian army which was signed up to the cessation of hostilities. we need to verify that this is
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yet another violation according to the authorities. there have been no north casualties, but violence has decreased significantly since the cessation of hostilities began. it hasn't ceased altogether which is making it a very fragile deal to say the at least when it comes to the aid operation, normally at some point in a conflict in the middle east people start talking about u.n. peacekeepers, but we are months and months and months away from the aid operation knowing that they've got the support of those blue berets if at all they ever, ever happen. >> reporter: of course. i mean not only conflicts in this part of the world, but the world over was required as to have some sort of independent body that allows to facilitate for this. the problem is that the united nations hasn't been able to be part of this deal to allow or
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facilitate for aid to reach there. so far what syrians have been dependent on is on individual aid organizations who have been trying. it is a very, very risky job to say the leaflet because not only on one hand did they have to dodge the bullets and bar will bombs and air strikes, but they have to ensure that they don't go through i.s.i.l.-held territory and we seen that that has done. the problem added to that is not only is it dangerous to go in, but unfortunately from a humanitarian perspective food and aid has been used as a weapon in this conflict. we have seen it been used through towns and cities like madaya and other places across syria. that's why the opposition are saying that unless this aid can reach them, it is going to find it difficult because what
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ultimately what people want to see is aid. they don't care so much in terms of the politics right now. they want to ensure that their loved ones will sir vooif another day. -- survive another day over the board to iraq i.s.i.l. fighters say they bombed a market killing at least 70 people. the attack was in a mainly shia muslim district of the capital baghdad. >> reporter: one of the bloodiest days iraq has seen in recent years. this amateur video captures chaos moments after twin bomb attacks in a busy market. it is in a mainly ee shia neighborhood just north of the capital baghdad. the first bomb exploded on a motor psych. as people gathered to help the injured a suicide bomber blew himself up. i.s.i.l. says it's behind the attack. just hours before west of bag dald suicide bombers and gunmen attacked iraqi security forces.
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al jazeera can't verify these pictures. several military personnel are said to be killed. a nearby village was sueds by fighters. military barracks were also raided. i.s.i.l. are being held responsible for these attacks too. >> they still have the ability to do coordinated attacks that have these sort of spectacular results. but i think we've reached a point over the last year and a half since they took over mosul in 2014 where they're no longer able to sustain an attack and capture territory. so i'm afraid for the short-term, perhaps, for the foreseeable future. we can expect that they can lash out. >> reporter: the iraqi army is preparing an offensive to retake the northern city of mosul. iraqi forces supported by u.s. coalition air strikes have driven them back to anbar
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province. troops for the 71 st brigade of 915th position moved towards mosul. god willing, it will liberate them with peshmerga forces. >> reporter: an offensive launched two years ago when many fighters were moved elsewhere. a long running night-time curfew in the city was ended in 2015. the attacks are a response to i.s.i.l.'s recent devote defeat. for the iraqi people, like those inside the city, there's no sign the i.s.i.l. threat is diminishing al-shabab fighters in somalia are claiming responsibility for suicide attacks in two restaurants. at least 30 people were killed. the first bomber rammed his car into one of the restaurants before a second attack at another restaurant nearby. a top adviser to pope francis has admitted the catholic church
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made enormous mistakes allowing thousands of children to be raped and abused by protests. cardinal george pell has tested to a royal commission inquiry into allegationd sex abuse cases that happened-- alleged sex abuse cases. >> reporter: taking the witness stand on the other side of the world. pelll answered questions to a commission. pell was a senior priest in his native ballarat and later the arch bishop of nearby melbourne from the 1970s to 90 where tens of children were abused by priests. the commission wants to know if he knew and why he didn't do anything about it. >> reporter: pell said he was too unwell to face the commission, a claim that sparked
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widespread outrage and in a crowd funding campaign that raised more than 150,000 dollars in a week to cover travel expenses to rome for 15 survivors. >> we're not here to intimidate him or anything, but he has to look at our faces as the ones being damaged by the clergy. >> i would love to see him stand up and say we got this wrong. we didn't handle this well, but we can do better now. we can help the victims now. >> reporter: at 11 years old this man was abused by his uncle, a priest who has since been convicted of eight accounts of child abuse. he was the first survivor to speak out in 1993. he says cardinal pell knew both him and his abuser. >> cardinal pell, bishop pell then, had been a family friend. he was the bishop of where i was living. so i called in him in the hope that he could help me in some
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way. he said to me, "what will it take to keep you quiet? " >> reporter: he will give evidence once a day every day until wednesday. if he is ruled to have ignored or protected abusers then his position as vatican chief of economy could become unattainable steven woods works with broken rites. it is an organization that has been investigating the sexual abuse for decades. he said the month spent by the church in legal fees should be redirected to the victims >> in australia at the moment there is a large push for the government to set up an australia-wide redress scheme and that is in the process of happening. the government, federal government in australia says that they don't want to do it overall, but the tens of thousands of victims in australia declare that this
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needs to happen because there are so many people who are hurting, and tragic even taking-- tragically even taking their own lives because of the shame and the hurt that we've all gone through. it's now that money - that the church spends on lawyers, the huge amount of money that the church spends on lawyers should be put towards helping the survivors actually survive and live lives that are meaningful. this is what we're really saying now. we need to see action to help the tens of thousands of victims in australia through crimes that were known about. these paedophiles were known about and they covered up, like they have around the world still to come here on al jazeera, greece appeals for neighbors to lift border blockages. why some south korean politician can't keep their eyes open. ir eyes open.
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welcome back. the top stories on al jazeera. the aid operation to the people of syria is continuing as a shaky pause in the fighting largely holds. in a letter to the u.n. secretary opposition parties say breaches will make new talks unattainable. 70 people are confirmed dead after an attack in a marketplace in a mainly shia neighborhood on saturday. one of the vatican's highest ranking officials says the
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catholic church has made enormous mistakes in dealing with abuse cases. cardinal pell is telephone via video from rome. a man has been hanged in pakistan for shooting a stat governor who called for blasphemy laws to be changed. he was an outspoken critic of the laws used against christians and other religious beliefs. a budget aimed at boosting farm growth. double income has been promised for farmers and increase funds for rural areas by 200%. the government has been under pressure to come up with plans to growth as it faces a weakening world economy. iran's moderates have dealt another blow winning the majority of seats in last week's votes for the assembly of experts.
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that's the body that cheeses the nation'-- chooses the nation's supreme leader. >> reporter: it was a test of support from out of economic decay. as such the policies of the president including the nuclear deal with world powers that led to the lifting of sanctions have passed that test. his moderate and reformist allies have made their biggest gains in the country's key institutions in over a decade. but analysts are quick to point out that neither immediate nor lasting change is inevitable. >> if the economy doesn't pick up, in four years you will see the losers coming back to power. the president, since he has been able to achieve an agreement with the the nuclear deal, also
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that the economy is not doing well. it remains to be seen how this will play out in the next year and a half. >> reporter: the vibrant bustle of the grand baz ar shows the damage that years of international sanctions, along with economic mismanagement. have wrought here. 60% of the population is under 30 and one in four of those is without a job. the economy is where most people want to see change the most. >> reporter: that means reforming the laws on trade and foreign investment, the sort of things that along with international re-engagement many ultra conservatives are suspicious of to say nothing of the social changes the young here crave. which is why for so many voters loosening the conservative grip to power really matters. >> it is going to open the doors to the europe and asian
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countries for new relationship and communication with them. we need to change and we have to change over parliament to protect our government. >> reporter: conservatives will remain powerful in most the new parliament and the influential assembly of experts that appoints an advises the supreme leader of the islamic republic. significantly less powerful than before voters in switzerland have rejected a plan to automatically deport foreigners convicted of minor crimes. 59% of people voted no to the proposal in a referendum put forward by the right wing swiss people's party. it wanted foreigners to be removed without appeal if convicted of two minor crimes within 10 years. greece has warned that the number of refugees inside its territory could triple next month because of its neighbors have got borders closed.
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they're now faumg pray to the people smugglers. >> reporter: the story started with so much hope in kabul but they're defeated in a transit camp on the northern border. they were deported from serbia when balka had n countries shut their borders. the journey had to continue, so they tried to cross into serbia once more. they didn't want to disclose their name. >> translation: we met a pakistani who invited us to his home. when we got there, he said if we paid him $18030 he would take us to germany. we got the money transferred, but four days later we were still there. when we said we wanted to go, that's when the fight started >> reporter: necessity say they were punched-- they say they were punched, kicked and stabbed several times by apakistani gang
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until villagers saved them. >> reporter: just a few weeks ago going from greek to macedonia meant crossing an empty field and hoping to go undetected by the police. now there's a fence and barbed wire that stretchs on the border. there are patrols on either side. people are trying to get through. anyone who approaches is quickly spotted. forces are deployed here. reinforcements may have been brought along the fence. >> translation: at night we hear the dogs barking a lot and we see families crossing, young people. i think the smugglers are going to take more money and they will always find other ways to cross. >> reporter: the trail goes across the fields.
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narrow tracks that take them through the hills and woods. some left their mark behind. this group of north african migrants took this route last week. we met them in northern greece as they were setting off at sun set with much expectation. they only made it as far as bell gayed before being turned back to macedonia. >> translation: i came through the fence. there was a hole. we were six but we separated along the road. i walked for five nights so known would see me and then slept a few hours during the day, anywhere by the side of the rail tracks, in the forest >> reporter: now they don't know what to do next. thousands of refugees are stranded in greece. for now they have chosen to put pressure on the authorities and wait for the crossing to open. many of them are already wondering whether they will have to once again turn to smugglers
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to reach their european dream an american student has given a tearful apology has he was paraded before state media in north korea. he was arrested in january after trying to steal a political banner from his hotelment he confessed to severe crimes against the state. it has a long history of detaining foreigners. a south korean opposition party has broken a world record by holding the longest ever speech during a sitting. it is in the 7th day. it is used to delay a bill being passed which if passed would allow personal data to be collected which could be a security threat. >> reporter: this is rare in south korean politics. nothing like this has happened since 1969.
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the reason that it is happening now is two-fold. this is an incredibly contentious piece of legislation. something that the opposition is entirely opposed to coming in. into legislation in this country. secondly, the speaker of the national assembly has simply decided that it has been languishing for too long in this kind of process and it is time to bring it to a vote. the reason that the government, the national intelligence service say it's necessary is because, one, there is the threat of north korea after the repeat rocket launch and before that the nuclear test, also there's the issue of middle eastern groups such as i.s.i.l., al-nusra, al-qaeda. as far as the opposition is concerned, the language in this law is simply too vague. it will allow anyone suspected of terrorism activity to have their phone records tapped, or their phones tapped and their bank records accessed by the government and so the opposition says it is going to talk this out until the end of the current
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session on march '10. if the government, if the ruling party then wants to enforce it, it can do so by calling a new session of the national assembly and forcing a vote immediately at that stage the turkish president says he "neither respects nor accepts", a constitutional ruling that says the release of journalists. the reporters who work for a leading opposition paper were arrested in november and still face a future trial. they're accused the publishing a video showing feshls sending weapons into syria. a movie about determined newspaper reporting is the surprise winner at the oscars. spotlight won best picture beating the revenant which was the hot favorite. the star of this front ee epic finally took home the award for best actor. -- frontier epic
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>> the oscar goes to leonardo dicaprio. >> reporter: he has certainly been waiting for this. five times before tonight he had come close, but this was to be his night at last >> making the revenant was about man's relationship with the natural world is, a world that we felt in 2015. >> reporter: in fact, the revenant took another big award too. second time lucky for him. >> i can't believe this is happening. it is amazing to receive this award tonight. >> reporter: no hat trick for his film and here is why. >> spotlight. >> reporter: this movie had been you mooted as the best picture. it was a contender and wasn't the favorite. just goes to show you never can tell what's going to happen in
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hollywood. >> reporter: when it came to best actress, bri larson took that. she didn't seem overly surprised. she was the hot favorite after all. >> thank you to everyone who participated. thank you to all of you who saw it. >> reporter: mad max was also a big winner. six oscars for this movie. all eyes were on the host chris rock. the accusations of racism at the academy not far from anyone's mind. a subject he was expected to touch on and not in a subtle way. for weeks there has been pressure on the academy after the nominations in the major categories were announced and they were all white. chris rock did not disappointment >> i counted at least 15 black people there. >> reporter: the night of back slapping is over for another year. these oscars have been the most controversial in recent memory, that issue of a lack of diversity really over shadowing things. the big question now, as the film enters that period of soul
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searching is will hashtag oscars so white be back next year? a reminder you can keep up-to-date with all our stop stories by the website at >> we're in the eastern part of the democratic republic of congo. it's one of the least developed countries in the world, but there's an estimated $24 trillion worth of minerals here. tantalum, tungsten, tin, and gold have all been linked to violence in eastern congo by rebel groups and the congolese army. >> millions of people have been killed in the congo over the