scenes of the chaos at the greece macedonia border. police used tear gas at refugees who tried to breakdown a fence welcome. i'm peter dobbie. you're watching al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. also ahead the u.n. prepares to deliver aid to thousands of besieged syrians in syria as a fragile truce. a catholic church has made
enormous mistakes. plus >> a thank you all for this amazing award tonight fifth time lucky, he takes home the best actor oscar. while a journalism picture is the best picture within the last hour riots broke out on the greek border with macedonia where refugees are being prevented from crossing. border guards used tear gas to push back on the guards. a number of people were injured. our correspondents is there. just get us right up to speed. walk us through what happened in the past 60 minutes or so. >> reporter: it started with a resume more that the border
crossing had happened. there were many people sitting here on the tracks. when that rumour spread, everybody started run. not everybody just here but also camped out in the field surrounding the railway tracks. everybody pushed through down the railway tracks where there is a gate that opens and closes. they pushed that forensic as much as they could. some of them managed to get through on the other side. there is heavy forces deployed on that other side, not only macedonians, you have csechs, hundred gar yans-- hu nrngs garians and others. macedonians have used tear gas to push all these people back. the situation is that you have some people who are sitting there chanting open the borders, open the borders. but on the other side of that
gayed there is a heavy security forces deployed there, about 100 of them have been deployed at that gate. they're already fixing the gate and fortifying from the other side. while that was happening we saw hundreds of people running not only down the railway tracks, everybody heading there running on the gravel in the hope that they will make it and then about ten to 15 minutes later we saw them coming back. there is a huge disappointment because this is an emotional roller coaster for these refugees who have been stranded here for as much as ten days waiting for these borders to open. waiting for the number to be called so they can go through and the anxiety and uncertainty is causing a lot of stress among the people, especially among the parents who have very young children. i also saw some people, some of the refugees debating among themselves.
they wonder, some of them said this is the only thing we can do. no-one is listening to us. others said our situation is much worse. maybe the greeks who so far have been so welcome willing will be angered at this, what happened earlier. so certainly a lot of different opinions among the nearly 8,000 refugees who have been stranded on this side of the border watching that scene unfold in real time, it was interesting wasn't it because as soon as the battering ram appeared, then the riot shields appeared. as soon as the crowd began to get on the fence, the tear gas appeared. the border authorities, they're obviously trained and schooled in how to deal with this situation because they have been told this frontier must stay sealed. >> reporter: absolutely. because this is the frontier to the balkan route.
from there you can reach western europe. otherwise you're stranded on this side and it has been close, i would say, even though a trickle of refugees have been able to go through over the last 48 hours, maybe of 600 have been able to make it through. that is the frontier to western europe. it has been fortified, secured. there are two fences on each side of the railway crosses. a fence with barbed wire on this side, then a gap in the middle which we have seen military vehicles patrolling up and down and another fence with more barbed wire on the other side of that. very difficult to go through, if you want to sneak in maybe undercover of darkness which many have been trying to do simply because they are also afraid that they will never make it to where they're going. they don't have money to
continue their journey and they're in a hurry. what we saw here is certainly something that is going to divide further opinions in europe. that's what some of the refugees were telling me. they are very much aware that in this is not the atmosphere of last summer when through this exact railway track thousands and thousands of people were streaming across the balkan route. every day they were being welcomed. people were giving them food and clothes, and we saw those happy faces going all along the balkan state all the way to germany. it is a completely different atmosphere at the moment. they're aware of that. some of the people i was speaking to just ten minutes ago were telling me this is not going to help us. some people think it is a kind of pressure that might open the gates. other say this is going to make it more complicated appeared we're not going to be welcome. - dash and we're not going to be welcome. the greek have been detained.
a few riot police have been deployed here. you have about two buses of them, not more than that, and so far they've been watching the refugees hold their sit-ins, block the train track tz, but there hasn't been any contact. evidently overwhelmed earlier with that flow of people streaming and running toward the fence. it is actually on the other side that the containment happened on the other side that this tear gas was fired and as we understand it, we have reports now that more and more forces are being deployed, not only at the gates here but all along this border. just a few days ago serbia said that it was ready to send more forces to fortify this border and i think today is one of those days that will push serbia to do that sooner rather than later thanks very much. in france meanwhile authorities have begun bulldozing the camp
in calais. dozens shacks have been demolished. the court gave the green light the last week. they moved ahead to evict thousands of people and move them to temporary processing centers where they may be able to apply for full asylum inside france. thousands of people may have starved to death in besieged parts of syria. that's according to the u.n. human rights chief. there are almost half a million people living understand siege and-- under siege and in need of food and supplies. it is hoping to be able to life-saving aid to around 154,000 people trapped in those besieged areas. let's take as look at where this aid will in theory be going. the goal is to get supplies into these towns on monday, later on
wednesday to these two counsel and then later to this area. despite the pause in the fighting there have been air strikes in homs and idlib. in a letter to the u.n. secretary general the opposition parties are saying continued breaches of ceasefire would make new talks "unattainable". it says government forces have atta atta attacked several areas. our correspondent is on the turkey-syria border. the logistics of this are well and good, but the practicalities of it so delicatessen eight and potentially so dangerous as well. >> reporter: indeed-- delicate and potentially so dangerous as well. >> reporter: indeed. not only for those around those areas, but also in aleppo, not only because of the violence that has been ripping the
country for months and years now, but because of the emergence of i.s.i.l. in several places. that's what's making it difficult. even though the violence has subsided through a great extent since the cessation of hostilities has come into effect, there have been accusations and counter accusations from both sides of breaches to this agreement, the latest in the past couple of hours in the southern parts of mamaa where-- hamaa was targeted which is part of this deal. they say that there was no al-nusra or al-qaeda linked groups there. those allegationd violation continues to take place in relation to these places that the u.n. is trying to get
to, they're being allowed to get to them because the different warring sides have achieved militarily what they want to achieve. that's what's driving the lack of fire whilst it would be inappropriate to label it as a ceasefire. that's what is really going on, on the ground. >> reporter: indeed. even when we look at the areas listed by the u.n., they're saying they're going to try and reach today, monday, and monday. they're all in and around government-controlled areas. that begs the question as to why is this happening, why are they being allowed to enter those areas and not other areas because part of this agreement was that they still require the green light from all sides to enter these different places. so far the bashar al-assad regime is only allowing them to super those places in and around damascus. we've already seen throughout this conflict, particularly in the past six months, that food
and aid is being used as a weapon. you've seen those accusations being levelled by the u.n., human rights council as well. this is what is making things very complicated. on the ground the people we've spoken to on the border with turkey but also a video we've seen of children, dying children just a few days ago, one died of malnutrition. they're really just crying and begging for the international community to allow for aid. i mean it has got to a point where in the beginning this war started off with people calling for freedom and maybe a change in the political system. now they're on a plea to survive day by day thanks very much. staying with that story. a humanitarian coordinator in syria is joining us via skype. how easy is this going to be for your personnel and how will you judge whether it has been a
pleat success or not? >>-- a complete success or not? mellow, can you hear us? i think we have lost communications there with our guest in damascus. we will go back to that story when we can. a top adviser to pope francis has admitted the catholic church made many mistakes allowing children to be raped and abused by priests. it is in relation to a commission hearing in australia. >> reporter: taking the witness stand on the other side of the world, on sunday night cardinal george pell answered questions by a sex abuse commission in sydney from rome via video link. now in charge of the vatican economy, he was a senior priest
in his native ballarat and later the arch bishop of nearby melbourne from the 1970s to 90s when tons of children were abused by priests. the commission wants to know whether he knew and why he didn't do anything about it. he said he was too unwell to travel to australia to face the commission in person, a claim that sparked weighed spread outrage in a crowd funding campaign that raised more than $150,000 in a week to cover travel expenses to rome for 15 survivors. >> we're not here to intimidate him or anything, but he has got to look at our faces, the ones who have been damaged by the clergy. >> i would love to see him stand up and say "we got this wrong. we didn't handle this well. but we can do better now. we can help the victims now". >> reporter: at 11 years old this man was abused by his
uncle, a priest who has been convicted of eight counts of child abuse. he was the first speaker to speak out-- victim to speak out in 1993. >> cardinal pell was bishop pell then, had been a family friend p. i had known him from when i was a child. i called him in the home that he could help me in some way. he said to me "what will it take to keep you quiet? " >> reporter: cardinal pell will give evidence until wednesday. if he is found to have i agreed or protected abusers, his position could become unattainable still to come for you here on al jazeera, a marathon enters its 7th day in parliament
>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. welcome back. the top stories. rioting has broken out on the greece-macedonian border. tear gas was used to push back the crowds. a number of been injured. thousands may have starved to death in syria. a u.n. delivery is to be
provided. the catholic church has made enormous mistakes said an official. cardinal pell is giving evidence in relation to abuse that took place in the 1970s > on skype from damascus, how easy will it be for your organization to sustain this operation. >> thank you very much, and thank you for having me on the program. i hope much easier as you know peter the u.n. and our partners in syria have been delivering life-saving assistance since the beginning of this crisis five years ago. it is cessation of hostilities that we're now beginning to see which will make it much easier for humanitarian workers to go
to different parts of the country, especially those parts that have been extremely difficult, if not impossible, to reach because of the fighting, but this won't come to this wholeheartedly for the people of syria. if we view today what is happening on the ground, the opposition wanted guarantees, the damascus wanted guarantees. by definition those pledges are pretty much not in place. so how delegate an operation is this moving forward because you have very specific ideas and plans for what you want to do and where you want to do it. >> we do have very specific ideas and plans. we have been reaching millions of syrians every month with life-saving aid, but we hope this opening, this opportunity
that is presenting itself now, and mind you the cessation of hostilities started two days ago, there have been incidents, ruptures and violations and that is not surprising, especially in a conflict as vicious as this one which has lasted for that long. so despite the hiccups that are reported, we do count very much on the international community member states, particularly key member states. indonesian but also the united states and russia to ensure that pressure is put on any of the parties to this conflict to continue respecting the provisions of the cessation of hostilities agreement. that will then make it possible for humanitarian agencies, u.n., red cross, red crescent and ngo both national and international to do things better and faster
and reach people in hard to reach areas but also to do it safer. we have lost over 85 humanitarian workers in this conflict since it started. so we hope this ceasing the hostilities will make the job of life-saving deliversy a success libya's internationally recognised parliament is expected to approve a revised list of names to be part after a unity government. it is aimed at bridging the political divide and ending war between rebel fighters. the first agreement was rejected last month. international pressure has been stepped up because of growing concern at the threat from i.s.i.l. fighters based in libya. let's take a look at who is controlling what inside the country. the libyan government is based in tobruk. the rival parliament is known as the general national congress. that's in tripoli.
it is largely in control of the western region. i.s.i.l. fighters are in the coastal city of sert. the rest of libya is controlled by other militias. they have yet to vote although most of the members of the parliament in tobruk has said this is a goer. when it comes to the vietnam in the parliament-- vote in the parliament, how do you think it will go? >> i think the first one didn't go well, but there has been more cooperation with respect to how this next lot will go. i think there is no plan note [technical difficulties - interference] >> they're trying to iron out
any final details. it could be a reshuffling of this government, a downsizing of the presidential council, a design of sorts to make this a success. many of the way they have not been approved is because libya is still in a state of war and it is trying to sign a peace treaty when there was been fighting only days ago. they have made crucial gains against other militias. there is still so much fighting across the country and there isn't a peace deal to be offered, but it is a piece of paper saying do this in the future and the appetite isn't there. i'm still questioning whether or not we will have a functioning government, if we have a piece of paper signed, fair enough, but i don't think so the country is at war still,
but the dynamic they cannot see libya turning into another syria and they want form of stability even if it's just in the east of the country to take on i.s.i.l.? >> even on the east of the problem, it is anything but stable. the reason why going to military action was the real issues, the elephants in the room, the political issues and the government issues and the tribal issues of not been in control. like everywhere else, there might be fighters in the air but there has to be fighters on the ground. most have been fighting other tribal groups in the country that are absolutely not i.s.i.s., they might share a front line with i.s.i.s., but they don't share a world vision like i.s.i.s. we have to really address the
vital and local issues, the tribal issues and quarantine those issues thank you very much a man has been hanged in pakistan for shooting a state governor who called for blasphemy laws to be reformed. he has been hailed by some as a hero. an american student has been given a tearful apology as he was stated was in front of media. he said he confessed to severe crimes against the state. the 21-year-old says he wanted the propaganda slogan as a trophy for a friend back home. they have a long history of detaining foreigners.
in south korea politicians haven't stopped talking for the past seven days. they have broken the record. it is delaying on a government-backed anti terrorism law. it will allow agencies to collect personal data, the opposition says privacy rights could be violated and could be used to crackdown on political dissent. a film about determined newspaper reporting is the surprised best picture winner at the oscar's ceremony. spotlight beat the favorite, the frontier epic the revenant. leonardo dicaprio took home the best actor award. our caravan wraps up who got what. >> the oscar goes to leonardo dicaprio. >> reporter: he has certainly
been waiting for this. this was his night at last. >> making the revenant was about man's relationship to the natural world, a world that we collectively felt in 2015. >> reporter: in fact, the revenant took another big award too. he won this last time. second time for him. >> i can't believe this is happening. it's amazing to receive this aaward tonight >> reporter: no hat trick for his film. here is why. >> spotlight. >> reporter: this movie had been mooted as the best picture. it was a contender, of course, but it wasn't the favorite. you never can tell what is going to happen in hollywood. >> reporter: when it came to best actress bri harson took that. she was the hot favorite.
>> thank you to everyone who participated in room. thank you to all of you who saw it. >> reporter: mad max was also a big winner. six oscars for this movie. all eyes were on the host chris rock. the accusations of racism at the academy not far from anyone's mind. for weeks there has been pressure on the academy after the nominations in the major categories were announced and they were all white. chris rock did not disappoint >> i counted at least 15 black people there. >> reporter: the annual night of back slapping is over for another year. these oscars have been the most controversial in recent memory. that issue of a lack of diversity really over shadowing things. the big question now as the oscars, as the film center enters that period of soul searching will hashtag ons cars so white be back next year?
-- oscars so white be back next year? we are monitoring that situation at the macedonia-greek border. look for that on our website at aljazeera.com. red light cameras setting up to make streets safer, also making money for cities. quick cash that is hard to stop in more ways than one. i'm talking tonight about two subjects that don't usually end up in the same conversation. one is the number of people killed or injured in traffic accidents in american cities. and the other is the large