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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 3, 2016 5:00pm-5:31pm EST

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frustrated refugees trapped in greece block a railway line into macedonia. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. dishonesty is donald trump's hall mark. the last republican presidential candidate launches a scathing attack on donald trump. one of three students arrested on charges of sedition in india returns to a hero's welcome on campus. a push to pan the sale of shark
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fins with a third of all species now extinct european council president done old tusk is warning economic migrants not to come to europe as they try to get a grip on the worst refugee crisis. more than 25,000 refugees and migrants remain trapped in greece as neighboring countries impose restrictions. 10,000 are strantd on the greek side of the macedonian border where tensions are flairing-- stranded. 500 people have been allowed to pass since tuesday. on thursday ai group of migrants laid down on the railway line in protest at macedonia's refusal to let them continue their journey. a report from the border. >> reporter: we are not
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prisoners, she said. we are humans. we escaped frommisise and we came to you-- from i.s.i.s. and we came to you. if there was any hope that the bottleneck at the border would be solved in a few days, it was all but gone. anger and frustration and an overwhelming state of confusion pervades. access to macedonia is restricted but no clear guidelines have been given as to what the stranded here need to do. information is pressed by word of mouth and often it is wrong - spread by worth of mouth >> translation: every day there are new rules. i'm afraid when my time comes i'm afraid to get in. >> reporter: any semblance of a unified european system has
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completely broken down. many of the registration papers issued by greek authorities are not valid any more. macedonian and balkans require a new stamp. so many stand in queue for hours, even though there are no guarantees that will end their plight. another source of anxiety can the turkish stamp on passports. this man, like many here, he first stopped in turkey to earn enough money to pay the small letter. >> i was there for one month >> reporter: what does that mean for you? -- smuggler. >> what does that mean for you? >> translation: >> is hard to come all this way without sleeping or food and then you hear in the news that you capital get in because you have been in turkey one month. >> reporter: police are struggling to keep order. they have been organising refugees into numbered groups of
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50. with so many conflicting rumors few are willing to wait it out. >> it has spread all the way to the borderline and even those who manage to reach the crossing point have to wait for a long time with the uncertainy of whether they're going to be pushed back or not. that's what happened to this man. he made it across on wednesday obliged to be back in greece by the evening. >> translation: i went through this morning and was pushed back. they say the signature on my registration form is fake. i'm not the only one in this situation. >> reporter: faced with such hardship, tempers often flare-up. there are scuffles, people push and shove. but, perhaps, what is most difficult is the humiliation for the refugees here who are begging their way for the sake of their children leaders of britain and france have met to discuss the ongoing refugee crisis, a loom
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referendum on the e.u. membership. high on the agenda was the situation in the french refugee camp known as the jungle. >> reporter: a century ago france and britain fought shoulder to shoulder in the fields around the modern city of ammion. there was heavy symbolism in president francois hollande and president cameron at the war memorial. they got down to business, an agenda dominated by their bilateral cooperation on refugees and security. an arrangement potentially threatened by the impending british referendum on e.u. membership >> translation: i don't want to scare you. i just want to say the truth. there will be consequences if the uchlt k is to leave the e.u. there will be consequences in many areas, on the single market, on financial trade, on economic development. i don't want to guf you you a catastrophic scenario but there will be consequences - give. >> reporter: there was progress
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in a promise that unaccompanied refugee children will be allowed to join relatives already in the u.k. the response was to simply promise more financial support so most refugees stay on french soil. >> we will invest an additional 70 million pounds in priority infrastructure in calais to assist the work of the french police. the money will go towards efforts to move people from the camps in calais to facilities elsewhere in france and we will fund joint work to return migrants not in need of protection to their home countries. the real challenge is in the eastern mediterannean where we need to break the business model of the people smugglers and persuade people on embarking on a perilous journey. >> reporter: the camp here have been flattened.
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the jungle has been a potent symbol of the refugee crisis here in northern europe. a clearance of large areas of it over the last couple of days certainly sends a powerful message to those refugees still hoping to come here in the expectation of being able to reach the u.k. there are questions about whether simply throwing money at the problem is a real solution. >> it is not only a money issue with the refugees who are trying here in old north of france to cross from the side to the u.k. it is not a money issue. taste visa issue, a global picture of what they want to do with older people coming from countries, are they refugees and do they have a right to be here in europe on that. >> reporter: that question can only be effectively addressed at the full european union summit on migration an refugees being convened next week
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france remand britain have called on the syrian government and allies including russia to stop attacking the opposition this shows russian air strikes just days after a cessation of hostilities came into effect. all sides in the conflict accuse each other of violating the partial truce since it came into force on saturday. amnesty international has accused the russian and syrian governs have governments of deliberatelily targeting hospitals. russian jets carried out air strikes on military areas. the syrian government and its allies are accused of intense filing their attacks. fighting continues in some parts of the country, the u.n. says
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progress is being made. >> in the first three months of last year, zero trucks reached any of the besieged areas in syria. in the last three weeks 236 trucks have served 115,000 people, many of these have received several convoys. some donald trump has received a further attack from the mainstream republican party. he has been condemned in a strongly worded speech. >> i'm far from the first to conclude that donald trump lacks the temperam ent to be president. after all this is an individual who mocked a disabled reporter, who attributed a reporter's questions to her menstrual cycle, who mocked a brilliant rival who appeared to be a woman
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due to her appearance, who bragged about her marital affairs and laces his public speeches with vulgarity. he said he admires putin and at the same time he called george w bush a liar. that is a twisted example of evil trumping good our correspondent has been following this story and has more on his reaction to the speech. >> reporter: this was a very very personal attack from the last person who ran for president. he called him all kind of names, a bully, fraud, phoney, con artist. he was trying to bait donald trump. he said he dared him to release his tax returns. they're hopeful that there's something in those that would turn the voters against him when nothing else has worked.
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another one watch how he reacts to my attack on him. this should show you he does not have the temperament not to be president >> i was not a fan of obama. you can see how lal romney is. he was begging me for my endorsement. i could have said drop to your knees and he would have >> reporter: this is the republicans trying to doing anything from stop is donald trump from getting the votes. they have written a letter to say that donald trump as president would make americans less safe and the all important money factor is coming into play. millions are being donated. they're going into television ads that are going to be running
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in states like ohio. they're going to run those hoping they can get to enough voters in enough time to stop the trump momentum north korea has been accused of firing what have been described as six short-range projectiles into the sea hours after tough new sanctions were ordered against it. the defense ministry said the projectiles were launched towards the east sea known as the sea of japan. the security council was unanimous in its position to impose sanctions over pyongyang. the e.u. says it is now considering further measures. the resolution was the result of weeks of negotiations between the u.s. and north korea's traditional ally china. our correspondent look $at how the sanctions will affect the chinese community on the bother of the border. >> reporter: it is off seen on the street here, china's main gateway to north korea. even though it is winter there
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should be more tourists using their one-day passes into china. buying supplies it would seem simple in most of the world but unavailable in their isolated country. this woman and her husband were laid off by a chinese-run business five years ago. they opened this restaurant in the heart of the city and have been doing very well until recently. >> translation: our business has been affected a lot since people started talking about sanctions against north korea. there is a big decrease in the numbers. there are were only two tables of customers from north korea. normally there would be four or five table >> reporter: there will be a much bigger impact here than a decline in tourism. one element of the sanctions came after weeks of closed door negotiations between u.s. and china. they agreed that all cargo that goes into or out of north korea will be inspected. that means that any cargo carrying train, carriage or truck lorry will be inspected
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that cross these bridges. >> reporter: china says it agreed to cover sanctions as they see them as a way to pressure north korea back to negotiations at the six party talks. they stalled eight years ago. china sees the talks as the best way to end the diplomatic confrontation between most of the world an north korea. an emblem of the high hopes of the scene on north korea trade relationship, china spent 350 million dollars on this bridge that was due to open two years ago. on the north korea side of the river, reportly scant work has been done, only a dirt ramp. with these new sanctions in place, this might remain a bridge to nowhere for years to come still could to come here, a cardinal under fire for his handling of sex abuse as he acknowledges that evil was done.
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an outspoken indigenous rights activist is mondurdered in honduras.
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welcome back. a reminder of the top stories here on al jazeera. frustrated refugees trapped in greece have blocked a railway line into macedonia in protest at the country's refusal for not letting them in. aid is slowly trickling into syria despite russian air straks just days after a cessation of hostilities came into effect-- strikes.
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>> reporter: donald trump has responded to a scathing attack by a former presidential nominee by calling him a choke artist. a high-ranking official under fire for the handling of sex abuse of chirp in australia has met some of the victims. in evidence-- children. he admitted that should have done more about claims of pedophile priest in the 1970s. hour correspondent has been foaling-- our correspondent has been following the proceedings from rome >> reporter: after giving evidence for the past four days, one of the most powerful cardinals in the catholic church emerged from a meeting which has been decades in the making. >> i have just met with about a dozen of the ballarat survivors, support people and officials. i have heard each of their stories and of their suffering. it was hard. an honest and occasionally
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emotional meeting. >> reporter: now in charge of the vatican economy pelr was a senior priest in his native town of ballarat in the 1970s when at least four pedophile peefts abused tens of children. the survivors who met with him on thursday say he knew about the abusers but failed to act-- priests >> we didn't talk about the past. i was very clear with george. i spoke about the future and what he can do in his position and what the catholic church can do to help the survivors going forward. >> humility, begging for give us from us, do whatever they can to restore the lives. >> reporter: throughout his evidence pell drew criticism from his apparent lack of empathy from the victims.
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>> it was a sad story and it wasn't of much interest to me. >> reporter: the commission accused pell of lying and called his claim that he was unaware of what was going on around him implausible. following his evidence, child abuse campaigners in order have called for him to retire or resign, but some of the survivors here say they would rather work with him to make sure the catholic church will do more in the future to protect children from pedophile priests sunnis in eastern iraq are worried about attacks from shia militias following an i.s.i.l. bombing on monday who targeted those attending at a meeting for a colleague. >> reporter: few are daring to venture onto the streets here. shia militias have been using loud speakers to warn sunni families, leave town now. the iraqi town in the province
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bordering iran. it is strategically important for the shia militias. the area is predominantly sunni. but it is i.s.i.l. the most destabilizing force. this was a funeral attended by shias. at least 40 people were killed. in a video leak r leaked on line the governor is blaming the breakdown of security on the prime minister. he said april decision to take responsibility for security from the police and give it to the military have political and sectarian motives. the sta it is an excuse to forc sunni civilians from the area. it did the same thing in january when the suicide bombing of an a calf' killed 42 mainly shia people. there were reprisal attacks
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including the burning of nine sunni mosques. it is civilians who are the victims of the violence. much of the iraqi army's man power is dedicated to areas north of baghdad where it is trying to lis lodge i.s.i.l. again, here, they worked together with shia militias. the aim is to tighten the army's grip around the i.s.i.l. held northern city of mosul. in other areas the army works with sun eep fighters. but in the area where shia militia are in control, sun eep civilians fear further attacks >> reporter: one of three students arrested on charges of sedition in india has been released from jail. they were accused of using anti national slo begans at a university event-- slogans at a university event. >> reporter: back on campus this
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time to a hero's welcome. the student leader addressed the crowd with passion and energy that betrayed his 21 days in jail. >> translation: i believe in the constitution of the country. i believe in the laws of the land and i have full faith in our judiciary. i also believe in the fact that changes need. things shall change and change will come one day. >> reporter: it was here at the university that he was arrested on sedition charges for allegedly holding an event in which anti indian slogans were used. there were protests and demonstrations demanding his relief. once again, the students mashed across campus but this time to celebrate his arrival >> we are definitely happy.
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it seemed half of us battle has been won. >> reporter: the loud chants and proclamations of innocence has yet to persuade the court. he is out on bail but his freedom is not guaranteed. this march is being closely watched by the authorities no doubt. grant has been granted with conditions, including one which states that he will not take part in either actively nor passively in activities of anti national activity on capacity. the courts have given him six months interim bail. lawyers say it can be cancelled at any stage. >> the judge seems to have by this sentence put a less
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adequate scope for investigators and prosecutors to attempt to curtail his activity one more time if there is any incident. it is almost as if the university as a whole was being punished or being put on good behaviour. >> reporter: his arrest led to protests across the country. it opened up a debate on tolerance and freedom of speech. many say the fanl outcome of his case will define the line between expressing your opinion and committing a crime oscar pistorias was denied leave for appealing his conviction. the constitutional court means the athlete will be sentenced in april. he killed his partner on value tines day has a minimum sentence of 15 years.
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a piece of plane is to be analysed to see whether it is from the mh730 jet which vanished to years ago. an award winning environmentalist has been shot dead in her home in honduras. she had received death threats but was steadfast in her action. >> reporter: she was known throughout central america for her fearless work defending the environment and indigenous rights. but her unwaivering commitment appears to have cost her, her life. early on thursday morning gunmen broke into her house in western honduras and shot her dead. she was one of the leading organisers for indigenous land rights in the country. she won the goldman
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environmental prize considered the highest international award for grass roots and activism. >> let us wake up. we're running out of time. >> reporter: she was no stranger to intimidation. she and the other members of the group that she co-founded had received death threats for years. many of the threats arose from her leadership in the fight against a hydroelectric dam a few hours west of her home town. construction of the dam was stopped due to the protests but rights groups reported last month that repression had spiked once again. since the 2009 military coup, the country has seen a sharp
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rise both in threats to human rights defenders and the number of mega projects that would displace indigenous communities. the country is the deadly country in the world for environmentalists. more than 100 environmental campaigners in the central america country over the last few years. >> she is representative of this group of people who are threatened by development, by land seizures. in her case, the land was being threatened by the construction of this dam. >> reporter: while she had a manner of protection provided to her by international recognition and support from the american commission for human rights, it appears it was not enough to protect her life shark fins are a sought after delicacy in many asian
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countries, but with a third of all shark species distinct, there are calls to ban the hunting of the shark. >> reporter: this always being restocked with dry food and fruit and vegetables but it is shark fin the most controversial. it is a stable ingredient in soup and attracts high high price tag and considered as a state us of health. hong kong is responsible for # 50% of the international trade. >> many people consume shark fin in the restaurant. as of today, 10% of the chinese restaurant are selling shark fin. although the hotel say many of them have banished it from their soup. >> reporter: it is now restricted under an international agreement but there's no system in place to track which species is being
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traded. popularity may be declining in hong kong, but other markets across asia are still going strong, with vietnam the largest and still growing the address for our website and you can find all the news there. >> this week on talk to al jazeera, renowned architect david adjaye. he's designing the smithsonian's national museum of african american history and culture on the mall in washington, d.c. >> i think that what the world will see is that the african american story is not a footnote, but probably the lens to really understand america, to this day. >> from a cancer treatment center in rwanda to an affordable housing project in new york, plus dozens of