tell us a bit more about the nature of these abuses that are being reported. >> the report itself is very damning the. most offences are being sexual abuse reported, some of them, many of them involving minors. in fact, it's a name and shame report of sorts that indicates peace keepers mainly from several african and european countries, like burundi, tanzania, france, canada. these are reports like up said are coming out from countries that have people there who desperately need the u.n. peacekeepers for their safety, a country like haiti, reports of sexual abusers there, mali, congo, ivory coast and car where
we have 22 reported sexual abuse cases in the democratic republic of congo. there are 16 cases that have been reported. it is a very serious report, very embarrassing to the u.n. and i have been speaking to a human rights campaigner who has been following these incidents and he said that he accused the u.n. of what he termed gross institutional failure. so the u.n. is under a lot of pressure to act decisively on some of these cases a lot of people, of course the first question that will spring to mind is why are we seeing this again. not only are we seeing it again but we're seeing the numbers rides. >> reporter: absolutely. -- rise. >> reporter: absolutely. you hear the civilians complaining about the missions that are there saying it's not
just a case of human rights abusers, but also the lethargy. the u.n. mission in the congo have been accused of slow action in the eastern part of the country where there is a lot of insecurity. there is a rebel group that has been attacking people and the u.n. mission has been accused of responding very slowly. some of these attacks happened close to u.n. bases. those are some of the issues that have been raised. people are saying what are u.n. missions doing in some of these countries. they're not helping us. the u.n. officials have constantly defended itself. it is saying it has done all it can and it is investigating things. they're saying all they can do is investigate and report this matter into the individual countries so eventually it is up
to individual contributing countries to hold to account and prosecute some of those of its members who are accused of committing these atrocities. we assent seen a lot-- haven't seen a lot of cases in court and we haven't seen a lot of convictions. it needs a concerted effort, not just by the u.n., but by them and the vipped countries to make sure that some of these people who have been accused who have been found guilty to make sure that they're punished and to provide mechanisms, really, that will deter other such abuses from happening thank you for that. the republican race for the white house has turned ugly. front runner donald trump was branded a fraud and a phoney by his rivals in the latest debate.
the attack was sometimes crude. alan fisher has more. >> reporter: fewer people on stage, more attacks and insults. donald trump put on the defensive straightaway. the first question on thursday's criticism from former presidential candidate mitt romney. >> he was a failed candidate. he should have beaten obama easily. >> reporter: a suggestion trump did not have the experience or talent to be president. >> this is not about the insults back and forth between the candidates, not about the attacks at each other >> reporter: marco rubio won one state but insisted republican voters didn't want donald trump who won seven as their candidate >> two-thirds of the people who cast a vote in the republican primary have voted against you. they do not want you to be our nominee. >> reporter: then this bays ar comment >> look at those hands. are they small hands?
and he referred to my hands if they're small something else must be small. i guarantee you there's no problem. >> reporter: this exchange sums up a lot of evening and the republican contest >> don't worry about it little marco. >> let's hear about it big donald >> don't worry about it little marco. >> this guy has the number one absentee record in the u.s. >> reporter: this debate tried to nail down the candidates on specifics and donald trump was asked if his position on immigration was simply plea playing to people's fantasies. >> no. our country is in trouble and we have a trouble with crime, the border is ace disaster, it's like a piece of swiss cheese. >> reporter: in relation to tore toring captives he said >> if i say do it, they will do
it. >> there a lot of people out there yerning for somebody who is going to bring america back both at the leadership level and in the neighborhood where we request begin to reignite the spirit of the united states of america and let's stop fighting. >> reporter: the another debate that was all about donald trump. he took the majority of the attacks and dominated the air time. despite all the efforts, he still dominates the polls and the race two policemen have been killed in a car bomb and rocket attack in south-eastern turkey. it happened in nusaybin close to the border with syria. many have been wounded in the explosion. some pictures from paris where we can see the palace. we're expecting angela merkel to
be turning up for a meeting with francois hollande. they will be turning up about refugees. paul, tell us more about what's to be expected from this meeting. >> reporter: there has been a frantic and very busy period of diplomatic activity here in france in the past couple of days. it continues today with president francois hollande greeting
angela merkel. the e.u. turkey summit meeting is going to take place in brussels on monday, looking at ways to hopefully come up with comprehensive ways of addressing the refugee issue. as far as the meeting that is going to take place here in paris today, there's going to be a news conference at about 11.30 g.m. t where the two leaders will come together and tell us what they've come up with. essentially it seems that they're going to - the
predictions are that they're going to try and form some bilateral common plan which they can agree on in advance and present to the e.u. turkey meeting on monday. i don't think it's any coincidence as well that the president met with the prime minister daichd cameron-- gaved cameron on thursday. that too was a bilateral meeting. you can see all these bilateral meetings emerging together as the big meeting of all the european allies taking place on monday thank you. that meeting comes as thousands of people are gathering at the greece-macedonia border. refugees blocked a railway line in procetested at not being let in. >> reporter: we're not prisoners she says, we are humans.
we escaped from i.s.i.s. and we came to you. pleas that have become more desperate as each day goes by. if there was any hope that the bottleneck at the border would be solved in a few days, it is not all but gone. replaced by this pair, anger and frustration and an overwhelming state of confusion. access to macedonia is restricted, but no clear guidelines have been given as to what the stranded here need to do. information spreads by word of mouth and often it is wrong. >> every day there are new rules. i'm afraid when the time comes they will tell me they can't get in because my jacket is brown and they want it to be black to get through. many of the registration papers issued by greek authorities are
not valid any more. macedonian and the balkans now require a new stamp. so many stand in queue for hours, even though there are no guarantees that it will end their plight. another source of anxiety is a turkish stamp on passports. this man who like many here first stopped in turkey to earn enough money to pay the smuggler. >> translation: i was there for a month. >> reporter: what does it mean? >> it is hard. as you come all this long way and suffering without sleep and food and then you hear news that you can't get into macedonia because you have been in turkey one month. >> go back. go. >> reporter: police are struggling to keep order. they have been organising refugees into numbered groups of 50. with so many conflicting rumours, few are willing to wait
it out. it spreads all the way to the borderline. those who manage to reach the crossing point have to wait for a long time with the uncertainty of whether they're going to be pushed back or not. that's what happened to this man. he made it across on wednesday only to be back in greece by the evening. >> translation: i went through this morning and was pushed back. they say the signature on my registration form is fake. i'm not the only one in this situation. >> reporter: faced with such hardship, tempers often flare-up. there are scuffles. people push and shove. but, perhaps, what is most difficult is the humiliation for the refugees here who are begging their way for the sake of their children still to come here on al jazeera [ ♪ ] serving the party in china. add mi registration for the
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6 the accusations are against pa peacekeepers. donald trump has been branded' phoney and fraud by his rivals. a debate was crude and nasty as donald trump fielded a barrage of attacks from marco rubio and ted cruz. two policemen have been killed in a car bomb and rocket attack in south-eastern turkey. it happened close to the border with syria. 35 people are reported to have been wounded. japan has suspended construction work to relocate a u.s. air base on the island of okinawa. they have about 6,000 troops there. they want to move it to a less densely occupied part. people there don't want it closed down. >> reporter: on the face of it this would appear to be a concession by the japanese president abe and between the
governor here of the child south of mainland japan. it centers around a u.s. marine air base which is in the middle of the island in the middle of a residential area. the japanese government calls it the most dangerous such air base in the world as a result of that. it is designed to be relocated to northern eastern main island in a bay known as honoko bay, close to a current u.s. military base, but there have been long running protests by residents saying that it is an environmentally dangerous thing to do to reclaim the land in that bay. also they say they simply bear too much of the burden of the u.s. military presence within japan and they want to see that base taken outside of the precinct altogether, potentially outside of japan. there has been a legal challenge to the governor's decision to
revoke the permissions given to that work given by his pre-decemb pre-december-- predecessor is saying they will drop their challenges and come to a peaceful settlement. he says there is no alternative in the long run other than this plan. so that is still being a hard life in the long-term. the real core of this issue remains as it was before this decision. >> north korea's leader has told his military to be ready to fire nuclear weapons at any time. north korean state television reported that he made the announcement while supervising a military drill. it comes less than 24 hours after pyongyang fired short-range missiles into the sea of japan. on wednesday the u.n. imposed new sanctions on north korea. china as condemned the latest moves by north korea.
>> translation: regarding the security in the north-east asia reason, we need to implement decisions now. we need to solve this problem and to do that we have to break the psych em china is expected to raise defense spending by up to 8% this year. the exact numbers will be announced on saturday. the president is positioning himself as the country's most powerful leader since mao. >> reporter: president xi jinping made the rounds of state media recently, adoring journalists could barely contain their excitement. as they gathered around him, the issue is his own blunt news alert. their job, he reminded them, was to first and fore most serve the party >> his purpose there was to say that the media have to fall in line with the central party,
which means him. that no dissent is allowed in the media. >> reporter: online the adulation is even more fawning. [ ♪ ] >> reporter: this song dedicated to the president says if you want to marry, marry someone like uncle xi. the state news agency has turned to rap releasing a cartoon video to promote party slogans. the lyrics don't exactly roll off the tongue, but it is everyone's dream to build a successful society. he now regards himself as the most successful leader since mao >> he is building a personality around himself, dominating the media. he is putting out a sort of mao-ist style line of leadership
where everybody has to line-up with him. >> reporter: in the days leading up to the national people's congress, he ordered the parties 88 million members to study chairman mao's 1949 guidelines on party discipline. earlier this year the president sought a pledge of loyalty from his top generals after announcing sweeping reforms in the people's liberation army. they're aimed at wiping out corruption and making the military a more fech fighting force-- effective fighting force. few world leaders facing those confronting him. the campaign against corruption and dissent suggest that what that is most to him right now is party allegiance. if some party members are resentful of the president's style, they won't be showing it. they know to survive they need to unite in both thought and
action-- xi in both thought and action in honduras hundreds of people are protesting against an internationally renowned activist. she was shot and killed at her home on thursday. police used tear gas against protesters at least 16 people have been killed in a prison fire in the cap toll of georgetown. it was problems over over crowding problems in the prison. officials said at least 8 prisoners were hospitalised for burns and smoke inhalation. iran has accused hezbollah has been said to be a terrorist
organization. >> reporter: the gulf cooperation council's formal designation of hezbollah as a terrorist organization is significant. many say it will have a wide ranging impact across the region. >> this is actually a big deal because saudi arabia is putting some order within the alliance. as we know it previous times, the kingdom of saudi arabia along with bahrain and emrates have designated hezbollah as a terrorist organization. now what we have is the addition of two other groups. >> reporter: an escalation that indicates how lebanon where hezbollah is based finds itself once again on the front lines of a regional power struggle. coming as it does less than two weeks after saudi arabia announced it was cutting four billion dollars in aid to lebanon's army and a week after saudi arabia and others warned
their citizens from travelling to leb i don't know and urged any of their citizens in lebanon to leave. the decision underscores the regional division between saudi arabia and iran, hezbollah's backer. much of the growing tension can be traced back to january when the saudi arabia embassy in iran were stormed by protesters. they were protesting against the the cleric them them. -- nimr al-nimr. does saudi arabia have the right to sanction lebanese army, people, and the people residing in saudi arabia just because one particular party took a certain position and raised this voice. >> reporter: the g.c.c. however insists the block decided to formally designate hezbollah
organization because of hostile acts within the member state as well as other countries in the region. they say the g.c.c. is determined to stop hezbollah >> i think that the gulf countries are determined not to allow hezbollah, a militia, to determine the fate not just of what goes on in lebanon, but also because of the militia's involvement in syria, in iraq as well as in yemen. >> reporter: just days ago came more accusations that hezbollah was aiding houthi rebels to plot and carry out attacks in both countries. it is leb i don't know that could be most-- leb i don't know that-- lebanon that could be most affected danger oous chemicals have contaminated water here.
tests were carried out. the area has seen some of the heaviest fighting in more years of civil war. global estimates show that fish are being caught annually three times more than reported and much of that catch is illegal. our correspondent reports from the western cape in south africa. small scale fishermen say they have little choice when it comes to making a living. >> reporter: fisherman here and his crew set out for the day's catch. it is made difficult by a small and unsafe boat and unpredickable weather >> sometimes when the wind come, it can be very rough and we can cap size. >> reporter: the crew says they can take the risk because it is the only way they know how to make a living. they face the rough waters every day. sometimes they finish within the quota they're allowed, other times not. they say they have to break the rules if they are to feed their
families. he has been fishing for 20 years. he says there are too many restrictions on small-scale fisherman like himself. >> i have a permit which allows me to catch about 96 kilos from november to june. 96 kilos with three children and a wife, it is not viable for me to go to the boat to sea to catch that. they call it poach willing because you have to do something else to survive. >> reporter: he has been arrested once for exceeding the amount and type of fish he is allowed to catch. trouble with the police is a risk hanging over many of the fishermen here. the numbers of unemployed rose here after several local fisheries closed down. this man fishes for abalone ee and other exotic types >> many people don't know a lot
about anything else but fishing. >> reporter: according to the department of environmental affairs, south africa's illegal fishing industry makes almost 400 million dollars a year. poaching is fuelled for products such as abalone and rock lobster which are prized on some asian dinner tables the quota is to preserve the numbers. >> it is just under 100 tons and the estimated poaching levels for abalone is between two and a half and three thousand tonne. what is coming out of the water is less than 5%. >> reporter: these men say big business is dictating how they earn a living. they want the quotas to be relaxed so they can earn a living u.s. space agency n.a.s.a. has released a new photo that
shows what appears to be snow on pluto's mountains of the scientists believe the bright material on the image could be methane ice. the team says the snow capped mountain range stretches across the region that is slightly bigger than alas ka-- alaska. i will talk to a security expert who thinks apple should give in. in our panel fears over donald trump presidency. and my final thought on america's double standard when it comes to double rights. i'm ali velshi . this is third rail apple computer resisting a court order to open an iphone attack.