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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 10, 2016 10:00pm-11:01pm EST

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we want to live like everyone else does. we want to go and play without fear of them being harassed by the police. they are supposed to protect them. >> that is "america tonight". please come back. we'll have more of "america tonight" tomorrow. strengthening ties. >> we are very proud to welcomed the first official visit by a canadian prime minister in nearly 20 years. [ cheering and applause ] the white house rolls out the red carpet for canadian prime minister justin trudeau, on the agenda, climate change change and security. inside isil. german officials hope thousands of leaked isil files containing
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personal information will help them track down members and recruiters. presidential scandal. >> identity fraud and a crime of money laundering prosecutors in brazil called for the arrest of a popular former president as the prosecution continues into the state-owned oil company and a sombre remembrance, japan marks a 5-year anniversary of the tsunami that led to a nuclear disaster. good evening, i'm antonio mora, we begin al jazeera america's international news hour with canadian prime minister justin trudeau's state visit. his visit is the first official
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one by a prime minister since 1997 president barack obama and trudeau met in the office this morning. the warm welcome for justin trudeau extended into the night. barack obama hosted a state dinner. al jazeera's tom ackerman reports from the white house. >> it's been nearly 20 years since the leader of the northern neighbour last received red carpet treatment. newly elected prime minister riding a wave of popularity at home and abroad. working the cloud. at files it appeared there were eyes on the younger of the two men. they engaged in friendly banter over the relationship. they shared a long undefended boarder. there are some stings we'd never
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agree on. whose beer is better? whose better at hockey? [ laughs [ laughs ] >> reporter: relations between the neighbours of many ups and downs. justin trudeau's father visited the white house in the '70s, and '80s. richard nixon once belittled pierre describing him as a pompous egg head. the younger justin trudeau is trying to fix a relationship turned rocky. canada and the u.s. agreed to work together. >> we'll take ambition action to reduce emissions nearly by half from the oil and gas sector. reduce use and emissions. an implement aligned.
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greenhouse gas e nations for heavy-duty vehicles, to fight climate change. it's not often a canadian prime minister is doing this attention. for some, justin trudeau offered more. a role model for international leadership. >> i'm following offers to the syrian refugees. it's nice and inspiring since everything that happened here, and politicians not wanting to let in the refugees. with obama due to leave the white house in 10 months, justin trudeau can only hope the warm relationship holds up with the next president, whatever that might be. when the question of donald trump as president game up, the canadian prime minister chose a diplomatic dodge. >> joining us from toronto capital is a journalist who has worked for the toronto "star" and the c.b.c. good to have you with us.
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two decades passed since the last time a canadian prime minister made a visit to the u.s. why this visit now? >> if i may be a little cynical, it's probably because justin trudeau, prime minister justin trudeau, we call him justin as opposed to pierre trudeau was invited. the last prime minister, stephen harper, conservative, was not. justin trudeau is very much not only prime minister mcdreamy as many americans dubbed him. he's prime minister selfie, and a master of getting his image out there, and there is, like, no better photo opportunity than to be standing in the rose garden next to the leader of the free world, i guess you could say. >> you mentioned the harper administration, u.s.-canada relations were a little more strained especially when it came to the keystone pipeline.
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justin trudeau seems to have skirted that issue, is it a sore point with canadians? >> not really. i don't want to get too complicated. the pipeline was going to carry oil from the oil sands in alberta, which is basically bitumen. it's not really oil like you get in texas, it's not crude. it's extremely difficult to get out of the ground. it's no longer profitable to move it the way it could have been 10 years ago when the price of oil was $100. now with it tanking, it's not an issue any more. getting it through the gates is basically a dead issue. >> a sore point on the u.s. side is how trudeau stopped canadian jets bombing isil. that was a campaign promise justin trudeau made. is that a popular choice in
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canada, given that canada had a couple of isil inspired attacks. both had been done by canadians. and converts who were loan wolves, and i would say very marginal characters who managed to get guns and opportunity. canadians are divided on withdrawing the jets. what does the united states need, six lousy jets for. we can fulfil our role in a useful way. we are good at training troops, on the ground operations. why not use it if it was good. as opposed to throwing in the entire air force. >> justin trudeau avoided
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answering a question. they are both pro-keystone, tougher boarder controls. >> we don't want him back. he was born there. they addressed the boarder controls. one contentious issue among the few is that u.s. claims were trading in lumber. whatever justin trudeau things of trump and cruz, things may not be friendly with trump in the white house. >> that's correct. the last time there was a liberal prime minister and a republican in the white house, that was george w. bush, and when he wanted canada to attack the wrack, we said no. we didn't believe there were weapons of mass destruction. we are a little concerned about a republican president.
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not so much as a trump bombast. that he will rip up the free trade agreements. it should only be so easy for him. there's a lot of free trade that is not good for canada. here is a man with offshore operations for a lot of businesses in the past. he's one for talking about free trade. however, justin trudeau was wise to keep his mouth shut since there may not be a democrat in the white house come jamie lyon, and who knows what canada will have to deal with next door. but we will build our own wall on the boarder. >> and no question it's who will pay for it. >> we'll find the money. >> very good to have you with us tonight. >> thank you at least 20 isil fighters were killed after syrian and russian planes attacked positions in palmyra.
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35 air strikes on palmyra where isil forces have been battling government troops. the u.n.e.s.c.o. heritage strike has been cleared. monuments, temples and statues. the fop military command erp says omar, known as the chechen, survived the strike. he is reported to be badly wounded. the u.s. led coalition to fight isil, turning over weapons to iraqi authorities. suleman was captured in february. the capture led to a series of air strikes against isil. as well as the group's ability to create weapons. >> they have just received a
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treasure trove. they revealed thousands of foreigners who are respected of fighting for the group. the developments regarded these documents referring to one of the aspirant member of the islamic state. first emerging on german outlets n monday. since then they had confirm sayings working on the assumptions that they are genuine, relating to individuals required by the islamic state. if they are gen yuan, they are required to do detailled information about themselves. there is a skill set for the joint organization. clearly the officials in the intelligent services and police services are keen to make whatever use they can because they understand it's news sources. it's implicated in the
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documents. and if officers track down those travelling to work and fight with isil in iraq and syria, looking for a return to this country, it will be useful for using services to access the data they can. before they can do anything in the european union. nas is the perspective that the police services have. and they hope that they could use the data to the utmost potential. >> a senior commander in iran's revolutionary guard. the programme will not be stopped. and tehran has missiles on hand. the comments were in response on international concern over a test in the past week.
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the spokesman had this to say. >> in the counter political atmosphere, and soon after the positive news, the lifting of sanctions against iran, the secretary-general calls on the republic of iran. to act with moderation, caution and a sense not to increase tensions through hasty actions. >> the revolutionary guard called it a chance to confront a threat. united nations has other concerns about iran, on the human rights situation, saying the iraqi government executed nearly 1,000 prisoners last year. >> my latest report contains information regarding a range of issues. of at least 966 prisoners last year. the highest rate in over two
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decades. >> of particularly concern is the execution of juveniles, at least 73 were executed between 2005 and 2015. a violation of international law. egypt and russia challenge a u.n. backed plan to send u.s. peacekeepers home. the two countries spoke out against the proposals today during a security council meeting. it is the first time the security council has addressed the growing number of allegations of sex abuse against u.n. peacekeeping forces. russia says it's a matter that should be addressedly the u.n. secretary general assembly. >> slovenia gives way to a plan for accepting asylum seekers. an "in context" look at deals made charges filed against former
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brazilian president silva. a court will despite if he should be arrested.
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more moves to solve the europen refugee crisis. slovenia the first country to announce it will accept refugees. the country closed its boarders to migrants yesterday. today it will announce 567
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asylum seekers for settlement. other countries have bulked at accepting 160 thous needs. the european union is trying to settle. the refusal to allow refugees to pass through on the way to western europe created a bottle neck. the european union came up with a plan to manage the crisis. we put it in context. >> reporter: leaders from turkey and the european union came up with a plan to stop the flow of refugees attempting to reach europe. it's a huge problem. let's look at the numbers. they struggled to cope with the the journey. more than 3,700 died trying. it has not deterred others. the numbers are growing. since january this year, 140,000
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people crossed into europe, it's not even peak season. numbers are expected to spike from april as winter becomes string. turkey bore the brunt of the crisis taking in 2.7 million, spending more than 9 billion trying to cope. here is what e.u. leaders are proposing. under the plan all refugees that make the illegal crossing will be sent back to turkey. it's a 1 for 1 deal. for every person, an e.u. country will setting a syrian living in a refugee camp. as for those sent back, they'll be pushed to the back of the queue. in return, $3 billion in aid for refugees, it's half of what turkey is seeking. it offered to provide talks for turkey to become a member of the e.u. it's not a done deal.
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talks to finalise the agreement planned for 17 march. some influential voices are fiercely critical. the head of the united nations refugee agency expressed concern and the blanket return of anyone, from one country to another, without spelling out the refugee protection safeguards. amnesty international described e.u. and turkish leaders sinking to a low. trading away the rights and dignity of some vulnerable people. add to that. save the people, doctors without borders. the refugee study center, condemning the proposal as an attempt to push problems on to another, an unlikely breach of human rights and refugee law. >> marianna reporting from london. the proposed european plan to stem the influx of migrants came under attack.
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al jazeera's james bays reports from geneva. this is a strong rebuke to the european union coming from the u.n. high commissioner, the top human rights. he used his speech, his annual report on the state of human rights. the first thing mentioned. >> e.u.'s draft arrangement with turkey raises concerns. we do not yet have full details of the trust. i plan to discuss the concerns in brussels next week, before the 2-day summit on 17 march. among my concerns is the potential for collective and arbitrary expulsions which are illegal. boarder restrictions which do
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not permit determination of the circumstances of each individual. violating international and european law. >> the high commissioner said the situation in greece was dramatic and singled out macedonia, croatia and slovenia. and said boarder restrictions are lamentable. he plans to go to brussels to speak to officials about proposals and hochs when e.u. leaders meet on the 17th they'll revise them and come up with something compliant. >> james bays, diplomatic editor reporting from geneva. joining us for "in context" is a trans-atlantic fellow at the german marshal fund. good to have you with us. this e.u. turkey deal is attacked from the right and the left. let's go down some of the main points, first the exchanging of
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refugees that arrive in greece, sending them to turkey, an exchange of one on one. sending it back sounds rough. does it create a disincentive of people risking their lives, getting sent back, they are at the end of the line to get back in. >> that is the purpose here. the idea is not to self-the problem. it's to created an incentive for those that are making their way, the syrians get treatment. 1 for one works for syria. turkey is using this for leverage, it will be centring how it pays out. and what other countries will do
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here. and whether the expulsion violates the u.n. refugee. >> it happens both sides, from the left and the right. the u.n. saying it's a violation. given the they are under effect. whether it's sheng gen or other areas, they appear to be under attack. turkey is bearing the brunt. they need to come together. they are working together. is it the best deal. probably not. >> there's concern that if people grant get to europe through turkey. they may make dangerous voyages. how about this initial payment to turkey from the e.u., some are arguing that that is paying blackmail to turkey, is that a
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fair criticism. >> this is leverage, turkey has been hosting a large number of refugees. they've been doing that on their own. they've not been taking aid. is it leverage or blackmail. they neil that this is something they have been earning and working towards. that they should be part of this. the larger point is what is the community going to do to stop the flow. the oi are agrees to reopen negotiations to allow turkey to be a member of the european union. the argument is that it would be a deal with the devil wouldn't many actions violate the e.u.'s
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charter. >> a challenge we see everywhere, not just in turkey, but in europe and the united states. is a rise of a strong leader boardering on authoritarian. when you are under attack, and you have a civil war raging within the country, with the p.k.k. and syria, there's not many good alternatives. there's a lot of concern. it was dependent on domestic civil liberties. european leaders are less focused on. on the political careers. >> the issue here, promised - they would allow visa free access to europe. that is leaving someone to argue that it would increase concerns about terrorists. >> i don't think the terrorism charges are well-founded. we look at the fact of turkey's strong cooperation, they have a
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lot of incentives to work. >> the majority in the '70s, the economy is growing faster. in some ways this could be infusion. they would rather this is coming in. the iraqis and syrians. there's a lot of fear. in all countries we see fear of refugees and terrorism. >> they work together. it will be fascinating to move towards that. >> it depends on. europeans getting their act together. josh walker, good to have your insights on this. >> thank you for having me. >> five years after the fukushima nuclear disaster, why japan's prime minister says devastating events should not cause the country to turn away.
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>> peru's main see port under a state of emergency.
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joof welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora, coming up in this half hour of international news, a spelling mistake spoils a billion heist. first a look at the stories making headlines across the u.s. in the american minute.
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the department of justice asking a federal judge to force apple to unlock an iphone belonging to a san bernardino attacker. apple created barriers that are keeping the federal bureau of investigation from carrying out an unlawful warrant. more rain lead to flooding across the south. some areas seeing 12 inches since tuesday. hundreds had to be rescued from homes and cars. the flood is is blamed for three deaths, the rain should let up this weekend. >> the city of flint michigan suspended water billing for a month as the city works out how to apply a 30 million credit. it is to help residents that paid for led-tainted water for two years. it's estimated customers will get an average of $600 each. >> joe biden is in jordan for
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talks of king abdullah. this is the last leg of the tour. the two discussed regional topics including the israeli conflict. washington increased military aid to jordan to fight the group in iraq and syria. jordan, and europe is struggling under the weight of the refugee crisis. the nation is home to a million refugees. and assist al jazeera's jane arraf reports, asylum seekers are struggling to cope. facing discrimination and deportation. >> reporter: this person game here to escape the war in sudan. he and his wife, and six week old triplets live at a parking garage. she is 22. her 12-year-old sister and 10-year-old brother were killed in fighting in darfur.
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here they rely on the kindness of neighbours for food. sometimes we eat one meal a day. at night the babies can't sleep. there is not enough food, i can't produce milk. >> reporter: he was a university stood in sudan, he can't legally work here. the food programme offers limited help. others receive occasional aid. >> we can't stay in darfur, i don't know where some of my family is, i asked to make sure there was a u.n. office to protect us. deportation followed protests. they set up a protest camp
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outside the u.n. agency, to demand more aid and resettlement. protests are illegal without a permit. returning refugees violates international law. jordanian security sources puts them on buses. they took them to the airport in flew them back to sudan. some are believed to have been arrested, others made their way to egypt. the u.n. refugee agencies said it tries to stop the deportation. jordan feels overwhelmed. >> there's a war going on. you go to the east. you have iraq. >> you go to the west. you have palestine. it's a tough neighbourhood in which jordan is located. >> there's a zero tolerance towards people who may be
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disruptive. snoop as bad as it is here. it's better than sudan. refugees learnt the hard way there are limits to the sanctuary. >> prosecutors in the state of sao paulo are seeking the arrest of the country's former president on money laundering charges. another politically mote faith. prosecutors want lula in custody why the investigation continues. >> he was known as the politician with the teflon shield. a shield that prevented scores of corruption charges from ticking. that is, until now. >> translation: silva, money laundering. concurrent offenses. participation in money
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laundering. >> reporter: with that, sao paulo's prosecutor charged brazil's powerful president and wife and second. and called for silva to be put into custody while the case moves forward. >> until recently the leftist president was a reported politician. credited with taking 30 million brazilians out of policy. that was before his successor oversaw the collapse of his economy. he is accused of having received a large apartment from a construction company. >> whilst millions of families
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were left without their apartments, and millions of families were prevented from reaching their interams, this is what has been started. >> he is under indictment for corruption. money laundering in the state of sao paulo. he has not been indicted. he's understand investigation on the much larger federal case that has already caused sentences to about 80 people. >> and whether a judge issues an arrest warrant for not. his teflon shield has been gajed ace he nights for his political secured. >> in south africa, the kiter of
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an apartheid era could bet out on pore eel. he was you contacted of murdering hassan rouhani. the government previously denied parole saying he showed no remorse. today a suj said he should be freed. his widow condemned the ruling. >> aung san suy kyi will officially not be myanmar's next president. it may not stop him from getting the top post in the future. alan hay reports. >> this was an important step in myanmar's transition to democracy. the parliament gathered to hear nominations for the next president. >> i hope happy, because the hope for our country starts here, hope from the citizens starts today too. that's why i'm excited. >> but there was no sign of a
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woman who's campaigned for this moment for decades. aung san suy kyi led her national lead for democracy to a win in november's election. under the military drafted constitution, she is barred from becoming president. negotiations to change the rules failed. amid signs the political transition is not going smoothly. the next president will come from the n.l.d. it dominates both houses of parliament. the favourite is the lower house's nominee, a low profile 69-year-old, a trusted ally of the party leader. they have not given up hope of aung san suy kyi becoming president. it's believed there'll be a push for constitutional edment within the next year. to achieve that relations with the military will need to improve. whoever is elected by members of parliament will have to be someone happy to stand aside and
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allow aung san suy kyi to take over. she was the president. we have to try to amend this constitution with full force. the rim. ly will nominate the candidate. a powerful earthquake struck and triggered a tsunami killing 15,000. official plan to remember the tragedy at the next the quake struck. the japanese prime minister said it's not going away.
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>> our resource pure country cannot do without power to secure energy supply, while interesting what makes economic sense. >> small islets washed ashore. harry fausers joins us now. what can you tell us about the building efforts. i have been up and down the coastline, this was a densely packed housing area, close to a fishing port. wiped away. since then they had to clear away the rubble. they are building sea walls, raising areas by 4 meters to tonne it into an industrial zone, other areas away.
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five meters higher for residential homes. there's a huge scale of that up and down the coast, where are we are standing, it's a 6 meter mound. if you remember images that showed the world what was happening. broadcast live swept it forward. when you think of the power of all that. it's taken until now to get the restriction effort under quay. and it's far from over. some areas are understand evacuation. will people be able to return to those homes? >> that is the question for
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nearly 100,000 residence. fukushima, it's a different situation now, spending a few hours inside that exclusion zone is not really particularly hazardous to your heath. what we are trying to work out is which of those areas can be opened up. those understand a certain level. the year of exposure is a maximum that the government says is suitable for human habitation. as we measure that more of those areas will be open. the area focused remains a big question. and people are trying to keep the communities together. against a difficult backdrop obviously. >> it's terrible to watch the pictures showing five years ago.
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thank you. >> the european union is demanding authorities in egypt cooperate with israel over the death of an italian student. some believe he was tortured and killed by egyptian security forces. he was researching egyptian labour movements and researched articles when he disappeared. with the election in peru less than a month away, the issue of drug-related violence. holman reports where there has been an increase in drug-related murders. the main seaport is officially in a state of merge say. one of the countries main cocaine roots. you are looking at cft video with 90 murders. there's a fight to control them.
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i take it out and replace it with cocaine before i leave the court. others are involved. it's not a small group, everywhere is in on it. this is the first time a cargo handler talked to the media. those that won't go on the cartel work for rivals, they are condemned men. >> there's someone watch, they make a call, and they kill you. once you are in, the money is spectacular. $50,000 per cocaine laden container. there's no way out. >> translation: if you leave they kill you or your family. >> reporter: the rise in drug profiting has linked to an
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increase in maritime trade. before there were 4,000 containers leaving a month, now there's 8,000. drugs, and impunity have defined the area. >> police have arrived in greater force, but the situation has got out of hand. destroying minutes like 10-year-old maria, she is enjoying life with her family, hours before being shot whilst with her father, her grieving mother says the old rules have changed. >> before, men fought with their fists. now it's bullets. before they respected women and
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children. not now. despite the state of emergency, there's no respite. there has been 35 murders since the start of november. the battle for control goes on. >> coming up. a struggle to build a national soccer programme. how the arctic weather made it difficult to play the sport. even in summer. >> the collapse of part of a glacier is caught on ((úz@úxó
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hundred of african scientists gathered in senegal, in hopes of finding confidence in the next einstein. the aims to close a development gap between africa and the rest of the world. >> mustafa sees the world in numbers. he believes everything from the universe to the decisions fishermen take out in the ocean. this is the sun of a peanut farmer and an einstein fellow, one of the brightest mathematicians. what inspires me is ability to reflect. they have another way of looking
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at everything. trying not to say okay, there is a universal truce in a sense. >> he works at the african institute of mathematic call sciences. top academic teaches african students that can't afford to go to m.i.t. or harvard, but are as bright. like soo paul. he grew up in a refloat village, with barely enough to eat. and pend his childhood hungry, staring at the sky. he studies cosmology. >> we will see more. and the next identity will come. just wait and see. >> reporter: the african academics behind the school started the next einstein forum. a fellow ship for bright young
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mines whose works are neglected but need to be highlighted. organizers will address research discrimination, saying there's much research with plenty of findings, but the work is undervalued and overlooked because it comes from the continent. 17 fellows, and young researchers are sharing their innovations with top policy makers, business leaders and academics. >> it's something the world of aid has totally overlooked. $1 trillion has been spent in aid to africa. almost none of it on generating expertise in africa. we have seen the consequence, solutions from outside don't work. >> being an einstein fellow is an opportunity of being
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something bigger. some day they may unlock the deeper mysteries of the world, and its untapped resources. >> now a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to certain events. five years after the fukushima disaster. new safety standard have been enacted and new evacuation plans in place in japan, the paper argues that the lesson to be learnt is not how to mitigate future disasters, but japan needs a future free of power. power plants were on the rise five years ago. the paper notes that general assembly gets a third of interj from nuclear sources. the paper says emphasise a drastic change, but the german politician said the germans are
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crazy, but if anyone can make it work, they can. and a cartoon making fun of americans thinking of moving to america. a white house waiter asking canadian prime minister during tonight's state dinner at the white house "how can i move to canada?" investigators say a spelling error is all that stocked hackers. using stolen credentials they sent fund transfer requests. four requests from funds were approved, but someone noticed the word foundation had been misspelt. the federal reserve was suspicions and stopped the transfers, but only after sending $81 million to the philippines. the hackers remained at large. soccer may be the world's game.
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playing it in greenland could be expensive. the coach of the team is hoping to change that. wall reece reports. >> reporter: conditions for football in greenland are not the greatest. a lack of a stadium is one reason that the country was refused membership of the world governing body. the man hoping to see the change is this man who fight as a child shoulder. three decades on, he's in the dug outside, as coach of a national team. >> when we saw the bitch. we thought oh, my god. it is, if you experience it. they will come. not to play football. too risky. i wouldn't recommend it.
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i never would invite a country to cox. >> reporter: a quick pitch inspection reveals while playing football in winter is not possible. in summer the pitch is full of stones and players have to wear thick tights so as not to cut their legs. that's why many in greenland take their passion inside. greenland is going strength to strength with futsal, taking the arctic winter games by storm. it's crucial. contested by towns hundreds of miles apart with no roads in between. national defender works in nuke's harbour, which is one of the only means of getting matches. >> in other countries they can
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take the train. very often clubs cannot come to the greenland championships because it's too expensive or the weather is so bad. >> greenland is likely to need full independence from denmark. making politics, geography full opponents. paul greece tourists treated to a spectacular site in southern argentina. a piece of the glassier known as the white giants collapsed as 3,000 watches. phenomenon is not listened to climate change. it grows and cuts off the lake. it causes the ice dam to collapse. it happened in 2012, in the middle of the night.
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that's it in the international news hour in al jazeera america we'll show you the scene in louisiana where floods have forced thousands from their homes. we'll be back in 2 minutes.
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good evening, i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america. >> we are all in this together. we'll come up with solutions, and find the answers to things, and so far it cannot believe how civil it's been up here. >> setting a new tone on the debate stage. republican candidates put squabbles aside. discussing immigration, social security and more caught on tape, a tru