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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 11, 2016 6:00am-6:31am EST

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♪ horrendous crimes and south sudan is one of the world's worst situations. ♪ hello and welcome you are watching al jazeera live from headquarters in doha and in the next half hour five years on japan remembers the earthquake that brought a wave of death and destruction. full report from syria's border to the country's health crisis is spreading into turkey. and the demand for african art is going through the roof as many artists from that continent say they are still struggling.
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♪ a new u.n. report has cataloged what it describes as a multitude of horrendous violation in 2013 and targeting civilians for killing, rape and pilaging and fighters bore the greatest responsibility for crimes last year and report quotes credible sources and say groups on the government side are allowed to rape women in lieu of wages and opposition fighters and criminal gangs have targeted women and girls. there is evidence that children have born the brunt of violent and maimed and recruited for fighting and killed. a unity government promised under a peace accord signed last year is yet to be established and warring factions led on one side by the president and on the other by his rival the former
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vice president. here is charles stratford. >> reporter: the suffering of people in the world's newest country defies belief and the report put together by the u.n. human rights office goes into details of atrocities committed in south sudan since the conflict began in december 2013. it says both sides are responsible but government forces were most to blame last year. between april and september the u.n. recorded more than 1300 reports of rape in just one of south sudan's states. the oil rich unity state. the report says credible sources indicate that government forces are being allowed to rape women as a type of payment. one woman told the u.n. team she had been stripped naked, raped by five soldiers in front of her children on the roadside then raped again by more men in the bushes only to return and find
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her children missing. the report says the gravity of the violence may amount to war crimes and all crimes against humanity. it says both sides are to blame. the conflict began as a dispute between the president and his former deputy and it quickly turned into an armed rebellion and last august we met him in the ethiopian capitol during a peace conference and we asked him if he were willing to cooperate with an international investigation. >> anybody who has committed atrocities who would be brought to book. >> reporter: report details evidence of entire towns and villages being described in what it describes as a scorched earth policy, around two million people forced to flee from their homes and the u.n. says hundreds of children have been recruited as child soldiers. journalists, human rights and aid workers suffer threats and detention and in some cases have
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been murdered. last august both sides agree to establish a transitional government of national unity, both sides agree to stop fighting. that still has not happened and the suffering of millions of people continues. charles stratford, al jazeera. we spoke to south sudan's government earlier to get response and the spokesman denies there is no policy to inflict atrocities since civilians. >> and the government takes the report seriously when the report is about human right violations. however, our forces are under strict command to observe human rights and to protect civilians, this is what the command has actually given them. if there are individuals, you know, soldiers, that comes out to violate human rights then they are doing it at their own
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perils because the government has not authorized anybody to kill civilians. >> japan marked five years since the earthquake and tsunami that killed more than 18,000 people. in tokyo silence was held at the precise moment the quake hit starting a chain reaction of death and destruction and tsunami caused one of the worst accidents when it took out the power supply at the plant and cooling system failed and a domino effect caused a meltdown and the prime minister thanked the world for the response during the disaster. >> translator: while japan would like to continue informing people around the world about the lesson we learned from the disaster and how we are recovering in the affected areas we would like to bolster international cooperation in the field of national disaster prevention by sharing as much as possible of our expertise and technology. >> reporter: so what exactly happened on this day five years ago? the magnitude nine quake struck at 2:46 in the afternoon near
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the northeast coast of japan and lasted six minutes and set off a tsunami and crested as high as 40 meters and 18 1/2 thousand died and 2 1/2 thousand never found and three nuclear meltdown at the power plant produced 166,000 tons of radioactive debris and also generated more than 700,000 tons of radioactive water between 300-400 tons of newly contaminated water added everyday as a consequence of the cleanup operation. over all the disaster produced 20 million tons of debris and harry faucet reports from the coastal town which was destroyed. >> reporter: this mountain was built nearly 100 years ago away from the people, this flat coastal area to come up here and be able to look out to sea. this neighborhood was densely packed with houses that were simply swept away when the wave came through and at the height
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it was two meters above this of high ground. in the five years since there has been immense amount of work as has been up and down the coast and see huge great piles of earth there trying to raise the level of the ground in order to build an industrial zone here, residential area slightly further away and will be raised even further as means of protection from future tsunamis and seawalls put in place and this is happening up and down this eastern japanese coast and enormous task and prime minister saying five years revitalized reconstruction still await but 174,000 people remain unable to return to their homes, 100,000 of those where large areas are in exclusion zone around the nuclear power station which is still under going all sorts of troubles. here on this mountain as well is a shrine where people have been coming throughout the day to pay their respects to the dead. it is here where many gathered at exactly 2:46 the moment that
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the earthquake struck the tsunami sirens sounded around this area echoing out as people remembered what happened five years ago as well as that 950 people died here, 40 or 41 of those are still missing. there has been an effort to try and find missing bodies even now five years on and places along the coastline and it's important for those grieving and in the mourning process all these years later. u.n. special envoy to syria says a presidential election will happen in 18 months time and before that staffan de mistura says he hopes the warring sides will make progress to talks to end the conflict. on monday the syrian government and opposition groups will resume discussions in geneva and staffan de mistura says part of the talks will be presidential and parliamentary elections next year and for now the fighting largely goes on international aid agencies warning that members of the u.n. security council are adding fuel to the fire of the war and offan and
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care international put out a report which shows 2015 was the worst of the five years of conflict and accuse russia, france and u.s. and britain of under mining, their own u.n. resolutions by supporting rival warring sides or direct military action like russia and u.s. led air strikes and say at least 50,000 people have been killed since april of 2014. and an extra one and a half million people are in need of humanitarian aid and delivered assistance to fewer of 4% in besieged countries and food stuff and recent progress in syria is encouraging but is taking too long. >> reporter: the last couple weeks have shown with the cessation of hostilities and delivery of assistance to besieged communities when the international community put their mind to it they can make progress on the ground inside syria. i think the question is why it has taken them so long to do
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this and why over the course of the past year instead there have been adding fuel to the fire as the report says. so i think it's within the powers to ensure and insist upon the resolutions being implemented so this would entail and put pressure on the parties to the conflict to respect the ceasefire and set the stage for negotiations in geneva but also concretely stopping to send arms and ammunition to the allies on the ground and crucially respecting international humanitarian law themselves and refraining from targeting civilians and their military actions. >> meanwhile the bombing of hospitals in syria is not only putting lives at risk it's putting extra strain on medical centers in neighboring turkey as well and doctors say they are at breaking point as many of the injured seek treatment across the border and lawrence lee
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repor reports. >> reporter: the syrian government and russian allies sometimes claim fighters hide in hospitals but surely not this one, it's a children's union and bombardment rendered betz and cots unusable. such conditions in towns close to syria's northern border with turkey and this firefighter says they have no water to douse the flames. there is no choice but to watch it burn. increasing disruption of places like maternity units not only puts the lives of civilians under threat but the fewer hospital that remain the fewer doctors and hospitals to treat people and combines to create a crisis in the few places the injured can look to. >> translator: because there are so many refugees now there is enormous pressure on the medical facilities that are left and means it's no longer injuries.for us to treat lesser >> reporter: all this means turkey has had no choice but to move badly injured people from
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the border to its nearby small town where there is a constant flow of ambulances in and out. this hospital was itself evacuated this week when it was shelled by i.s.i.l. fighters and it's hardly safe here either but it's certainly better than the alternative, on the morning we were filming they already received three patients who would needham -- need amputations and it's like this all the time and they brought in translators and plastic surgeons dealing with burns and trauma experts as well and staff says there are more syrian patients inside here than there are medical personnel. once they have been treated in turkey they face a choice to go home and this man returned to the border with bags of medicine and hobbling back to his village in syria and paid 100 for his drugs. >> translator: brought my by
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ambulance because i was very sick he said and need medicine for my heart, i was going to die. >> reporter: the only bit of good news in all this is no hospitals have been attacked since is cessation of hostilities but those still injured in the fighting the best they can now hope is someone can get them to another country for treatment. lawrence lee, al jazeera, southern turkey. still to come here on al jazeera palestinian teachers maintaining their rage over what they say is a year's old broken promise. and a controversial korean movie triggers painful memories of japan's war time past. ♪
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is.
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♪ welcome back the top stories on al jazeera, the u.n. accused all sides in south sudan's civil war of targeting civilians for murder and rape, a new report describes what it calls a multitude of horrendous human rights violations and japan has been five years since the earthquake and tsunami that killed 18,000 people and a minute of silence was held at the precise moment the quake hit. international agencies accused members of u.n. security council of adding fuel to the fire and accuses russia, the united states, france and uk of under mining, their own resolutions, israeli forces raided the forces of a palestinian media company near ramallah and they raided it and arrested while three
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employees were detained and later released and the raid is part of new israeli measures against palestinian outlets accused of provoking resent attacks. tens of thousands of palestinian teachers have been on strike for a month now and they want a pay rise which they say was promised years ago and we report from ramallah. >> reporter: he is a father of seven and for at least 20 years he has been a taxi driver but it's not his chosen profession because he is actually a physical education teacher in the palestinian state education system but he says the days when he could get by on his salary alone are long gone. >> translator: prices keep rising but my salary stayed the same. i've been teaching for 31 years now and my basic salary is still just 600. i've put all my children through university but with tuition, transport, books and other
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expenses it's been very, very hard. >> reporter: so right now like thousands of others across the occupied west bank he is on strike turning up at school but not teaching. they say it's their only way of securing a promised pay raise, structured promotions and new elections for a teacher's union. the example of having to do two jobs is far from unusual. many teachers complain they are treated worse than other employees at the palestinian authority and in recent weeks they mounted a challenge to the government few people saw coming. protests have gone ahead despite the security forces trying to stop them reaching the rallies and the walk out is not organized by the official union but campaigners have written to the president abbas and warning unrest if he doesn't intervene to help the teachers. >> the methods that the teachers resorted to are totally legal, civilized, peaceful, just asking
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for a response to their demands. while the government to us in every single step they will behave in violation of the law, our basic law and constitution. >> forced him and colleagues to go on strike and polls suggest a huge majority of public back them, what happens next could have preper cushions for the hole of palestinian society ramallah in the occupied west bank. prosecutors in brazil called for arrest of the former president desilva and has charges of money laundrying with ownership of a beach front apartment and he denies all the allegations and argentina are upset about spiralling inflation and the rate is double digits one of the highest in the world and shows no sign of slowing any time soon and now we have theresa from buenos aires. >> reporter: at protest to
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demand the new government look their way. they are workers worried about rising prices in a country that has one of the highest inflation rates in the world. >> translator: we have seen products rise over 300%, services like electricity over 700%, we are very worried on how people are going to continue like this. >> reporter: lopez lives here and says she is concerned about inflation. she claims that in spite of the rising prices her salary has not gone up. >> translator: we can have sugar so we get it for free but everything is going up. the problem is that we are not sure where it is going to end. >> reporter: the government has announced an end to subsidies to electricity and even though it has said it won't affect the poorer sectors many here have doubts how it's going to play out. >> translator: we the poor, we have to stop eating, we stop.
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we are used to hardships but it's the price of electricity, gas and transportation goes up then we will be in trouble. >> reporter: for the government inflation is a problem because it's hurting this country's most vulnerable. the price of beef for example and it's basic in argentina diet have increased in the last month and that is why these people have stopped buying certain cuts because they could not afford them any more. for the last decade inflation has been a serious issue with some estimates putting it close to 30% a year and he came to power last december with a promise to bring argentina's economy under control and could be months and inflation in the eyes of some remaining the biggest challenge. >> translator: the government has the will to fight inflation but it is not succeeding, so far inflation is 15% this year and if it goes this way it is going to be 50% in a year and they
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need monetary and fiscal policies and investment and so far we are not seeing it. >> reporter: the argentina government announced it will implement certain measures to assist the poorest sectors dealing with the impact of high prices but for many those measures are not coming fast enough. al jazeera, buenos aires. now there were no insults and generally everyone behaved themselves, the latest republican debate in the united states donald trump left the stage politically undamaged and marco rubio was seen as having the home advantage and trump was pressed on rhetoric against islam and here is adam fisher. >> reporter: donald trump was asked to dress address his comments claiming islam hates the u.s. and asked if he meants all 1.6 billion muslims. >> large group of people, islam
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large portions want to use very harsh means. >> reporter: and ohio john kasich doubted there ever could be a deal. >> i don't believe there is a long-term peace solution and pursuing that is the wrong thing to do. >> reporter: not as bad tempered as previous debates. >> i can't believe how civil it has been up here. >> reporter: refused to respond to attacks on issues and cruz demanding deals and not sound bites and criticized his trade tariffs on foreign imports. >> how does it help to have a president said i'm going to put 45% tax on diapers when you buy diapers, on automobiles when you buy automobiles, on clothing when you buy clothing that hurts you. it's why we have to get beyond rhetoric of china bad and actually get to how do you solve the problem. >> reporter: this debate was in miami with its big cuban american population and marco rubio who came from cuba made
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this answer on improving relations with the u.s. >> cuba will change the government and today it has not. the fact of the matter is after these changes were made, after these changes were made they are now millions and hundreds of millions of dollars that will flow to the castro regime. >> covered issues important to voters and look at the personalities of the candidates and now they may have a better idea of their policies. allen fisher al jazeera washington. hundreds of people in bangladesh have been marching through villages to the forest during a second day of protests. they oppose two coal fire plants being built into by the world heritage site and say it will destroy the fragile ecology. a movie 14 years in the making is set to hit international screens and deals with the issue of comfort women and japanese sex slaves during world war ii and the low budget feature is a
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blockbuster in korea and as we report from seoul it has reignited anger at japan. >> reporter: spirits home coming is inspired by the harrowing true story of a comfort woman forced into sexual slavery when she was 16 years old. the movie's preview in seoul was attended by some of the few comfort women still alive. the box office success is all the more remarkable because of the long struggle to complete the film. 14 years in the making the director managed to raise the remaining budget through online crowd funding of thousands of individual donations. >> translator: i think the movie was made thanks to the will of the people to get to know the grandmothers. the plot of the movie is important but above all it's the fact it was directly funded and produced by the people themselves. >> reporter: outside the japanese embassy a protest by
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supporters of korean comfort women is a weekly event. possibly the movie success should not have come as a surprise in a country where the comfort women is still felt so deeply despite an acard signed last december between japan and south korea meant to resolve the matter once and for all. ♪ under the deal japan apologized and set up a fund of nearly $10 million to help the surviving women. that has left many protesters even more enraged. >> translator: japan did not admit war crimes and say offer of compensation is not legal and it means japan does not accept legal responsibility, we demand the agreement be nullified. >> reporter: it is estimated as many as 200,000 korean women may have been forced to work in japan's war-time brothels and many koreans are still angry as
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what they see as japan's refusal to accept responsibility for the suffering and this movie is fueling that anger. >> translator: i want god to make japan pay for their atrocities and feel the suffering of the victims. >> translator: i hope many more people watch this movie so they will understand. >> reporter: clearly a painful experience but the box office figures show how around 3 million koreans felt the need to go through it, rob mcbride, al jazeera, seoul. african art growing in the u.s. and europe and so are the prices but not every artist is making big money and anita miller has the story. >> reporter: international art all shun sold more than 60 million of south african art in london over the past nine years and contemporary art is sold between 7-70 thousand dollars one of the best known the black arab by erma stern sold close to
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$1 point 5 million and william sold one of his contemporary artworks for $400,000. >> the contemporary art is fickle and decline of the chinese market and collectors moved on to find the next big and new area and at the moment africa is very much focusing. >> the value of african art continues to rise as more pieces from south africa, senagal and ghana are on the market and 5% of artists produce work that is commercially viable and south african art has dominated international sales providing an opportunity for the larger african markets. andrew has been taking documentary photos for 20 years and some of them are exhibited in johannesburg and inspired by the artist jared able to support himself entirely through artwork and andrew says he struggles to get his own photography and
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documents communities and environments recognized as art making it difficult for him to survive on his art alone. >> more can be done in a sense in south africa we are fortunate that situations like this one and we have other spaces as well and i think in the other african countries but most of the african countries there is more that needs to be done to improve. >> johannesburg art gallery says it's up to artists to improve themselves. >> expect to be given a hand up and people expect where things come too easily i think that is where they have a problem because many artists in the world that never get to the top. >> reporter: and new buyers and growing interest mean the art market is likely to continue
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expanding for artists such as andrew it remains an exclusive club johannesburg. check out the website al collapse, the real choices your elected officials will be forced to make when the next recession hits. who you vote for matters more than you think. america's economy is doing well even if turbulence in the rest of the world is causing anxious among economists. in february, 240 thouds net jobs