horrendous crimes, the u.n. distribution south sudan as one of the worst human rights situations. hello. you're watching al jazeera live from doha. coming up, tens of thousands of iraqis demonstrate for a cabinet shake up to tackle corruption and deteriorating security. five years on, a moment of silence to remember the japanese earthquake and tsunami that killed over 18,000 people. breaking the cycle of drug
abuse, u.s. lawmakers come together to tackle a growing trend. the united nations called the civil war in south sudan one of the most horrendous human rights situations in the world, describing children being burned alive and raping women at payment. we have more. >> the suffering of people in the world's newest country defies belief. the report put together bit u.n. human rights office goes into detail of atrocities committed in south sudan since the conflict began in 2013. it says both sides are responsible, but government forces were most to blame last year. between april and september, the u.n. recorded more than 1,300 reports of rape in just one of south sudan states, the oil rich
unity state. the report says credible sources indicate that government forces are being allowed to rape women as a type of payment. one woman told the u.n. team she had been stripped neighborhood, raped by five soldiers in front of her children on the roadside, then raped again by more men in the burks only to return and find her children miles an houring, the report says the gravity of the violence may be war crimes or crimes against humanity. the government denied the accusations. >> if there are individuals, soldiers that comes out to vital human rights, then they are doing it at their own perils, because the government hasn't authorized anybody to kill civilians. >> the conflict began as a dispute between the president and his former deputy and quickly turned into an armed rebellion. last august, we melt the
president during a peace conference in addis ababa and asked if he would willing to cooperate with an investigation. the report details evidence of entire towns and villages being destroyed in what it describes as a scorched earth policy. the u.n. said hundreds of children have been recruited at hundreds of child soldiers. it says journalists, aid workers in some cases have been murdered. last august, both sides agreed to establish a transitional government of national unity. both sides agreed to stop the fighting. that still hasn't happened and the suffering of millions continues. charles stratford, al jazeera. an isil suicide bomb attack killed 14 soldiers in iraq. a bum dozier packed with
explosives was driven into the area. >> we are live in baghdad. what exactly are the protestors calling for and what is this dissatisfaction rooted in? >> it's really what their leader is calling for. automatic we didn't see signs in that huge crowd that went occupant into the add vaining streets of tahrir square, it is the protest. he gave a video address saying
he was demanding as a good faith jealous is it your from the iraqi prime minister three things. he wants land that he says was seized by corrupt officials, redistributed to the poor. he wants senior officials to give half their salaries and half their allowances to the poor. he also wants a number of other measures that would actually prevent corrupt officials from continuing to benefit, a wildly poplar call on the streets as you might imagine, but it's all part of a greater threat to either try to get the government to resign and possibly send his followers into the green zone if those demands are not met. >> you see protests in the past. is it a reflection of just the sheer anger and frustration of so many people in iraq that goes beyond just ethnic and religious lines? >> that's the fascinating thing about these protests. some of them are grassroots
protests, which we've seen in the past where a wide are a invite of different groups, civil groups, secular groups, all different religion bees and different political streams gather together. that's what we saw last year when there was a real push on the prime minister to actually cut down on corruption and reform the government. this is not that. this is an orchestrated campaign by what is now a very powerful political figure, as well as the leader of what was once the most powerful shia militia here. there are a lot of militias now on the front lines fighting isis, but this campaign, this protest is very much. here. talks in geneva on monday are aimed as bringing the five year war in syria to an end but is down playing the chances of reaching an agreement. the u.n. special envoy for syria
staffan de mistura said talks between the syrian government and opposition groups will address presidential and parliamentary elections next year. he expects a presidential election will happen in 18 months to him. staffan de mistura believes the tide is turk in the conflict. he spoke to our diplomatic editor james bails. >> you said finding peace in syria was almost mission impossible. also we stand now, what do you think are the chances of peace? >> higher. certainly higher than ever bro, for three reasons. the first one, we do have a momentum and we can see the syrian people are detecting it themselves. you can ask them and they will tell you that. on the cessation of hostilities, a reduction of violence, not enough, but moving in that direction. think about what it used to be three weeks ago. the second reason is we do have
something that they tried very hard and could not have at the moment, some unity at the security down be krill and three we are having the so-called vienna group, 18 countries from saudi arabia to iran, from qatar to turkey, from u.s. to russia sitting in the same room and in theory and quite a lot in practice discussing how to get a political solution, not a military solution in syria. >> meanwhile, international aid agencies accused members of the u.n. security council of adding what they call fuel to the fire of syria's conflict. thirty human rights organizations are behind a reported that says that 2015 was the worst of the five year conflict. they accuse russia, the u.s., france and britain of undermining their own u.n. resolutions by supporting rival
warring sides or direct military action. japan has marked five years since the earthquake and tsunami that killed more than 18,000 people. a minute's silence was helped at the precise moment the quake hit, starting a chain reaction of death and destruction. harry fossett reports from one of the worst affected places. >> this is the closest thing to high ground, a mound built 96 years ago so that residents of this coastal town could look out to sea. five years on from the earthquake and tsunami, it has become a remembrance. it first showed the scale of the disaster unfolding. 950 died here, nearly 18.5000 in the countedry. >> the wave simply came through this neighborhood, scrubbing it out entirely. at its height, it was about two meters above that man made
mound. it was there at 2:46 precisely that they gathered to mark the moment the earthquake struck. [ siren ] >> 150 clam stores north, another community marked the same moment the same way, sounding the tsunami sirens. >> the reality that we still feel the scars here and there are still many struggling to restart their lives. >> at the national memorial in tokyo, a similar sentiment from from japan's everyone procedure by those forced from their homes by the felt down of fukushima in a. >> efforts are being made to improve the situation but my heartachion at the thought that there are people who still
cannot return home. >> the prime minister is promises a revitalize five year efforts to get reconstruction finished, large areas in the fukushima zone have changed little. 400 towns of contaminated water each day, a subcontractor said the efforts of hampered by a shortage of people willing to do the job. even if conditions are better than he faced in the weeks after the meltdowns. >> i think what i felt most was anxiety. when i got there, i thought my experience would be useful but all the rules that i used to abide by became irrelevant. this was like a war zone and that astonished me. >> higher sea walls are built to minimize damage of future waves, but scars sometime remain. a day of commemoration of coming together can bring comfort but
also serves as a reminder of just how much has been lost. harry fossett, al jazeera, japan. still ahead on that al jazeera: >> i'm in lebanon's valley where a growing diplomatic dispute between lebanese leaders and gulf country is could have a catastrophic effect on the agricultural industry here. a controversy korean movie triggers memories of the war time past.
>> hello again, the top stories on al jazeera, the united nations accused all sides in south sudan civil war of targeting civilians for murder and rape. a new report describes what it calls a multitude of horrendous human rights violations. tens of thousands of iraqis have taken to the streets of baghdad calling for a government shakeup and end to corruption. supporters of the iraqi cleric are protests another third friday in a row. japan has marked five years since the earthquake and tsunami that killed more than 18,000 people. a minute of silence was held at the precise moment the quake hit. refugees stranded on the greece-macedonia border are literally fighting for fooled as conditions there become desperate. 12,000 people are stuck after macedonia closed its border to
refugees from greece. people scramble to get their hands on the limited aid supplies, some were thrown out of the truck as they tried to get enough food for their families. >> further south, thousands of refugees keep arriving on the greek island of lesbos, despite knowing the borders further north are closed to them. many refugees are living in camps set up by the greek government. >> my name is stavros, i am director of the hospitality site. all those people, it's our gift, our visitors, our travelers. we come here because we don't like to see our visitors stay at the port under the sun and rain. we're in good position now, but
we don't accept these numbers. the people over there, it's like a river, it's like a water, nobody can stop the water. nobody can stop these people. nobody can stop the humans to move. my visitors have four words of the month, hungry, and hungry and cold and i want to sleep somewhere warm and safely and i want to continue my trip. on this we operate it. on this reran our system and now all these countries say we close the borders and we stop the people at the greece. no, that is a game. some say terrorists come with the visitors, no, terrorists are in syria and kill the people every detail. so the countries and armies, go over there.
she is a terrorist. we don't need somebody from europe or the other countries to what we do, what it's necessary to do here. no, no, no. we need help, a different help, sleeping bags, blankets, food, we need money to build, and build projects. i like the song from john lennon. imagine. i'm not a dreamer. i'm not a romantic. nobody can stop this war, nobody, but it's necessary to stop the crime, this crime, for all over there, it's crime. i don't know the name from the guy who can't stop this word, but i wish to this guy. fighting in taiz between
government troops and houthi rebels has intensified, forces loyal to adou rabbo mansour hadi are trying to take the city. it has been under siege for 10 months. it is an important battleground in the fight. farmers in lebanon are becoming an indirect casualty of conflicts in the region. as cultural exports are down because of deteriorating relations between lebanon and gulf nations, we have this report from eastern lebanon. >> harvesting green onion isn't easy. workers need to loose be the earth around the crop so when it's picked, it won't be damaged. the soil that makes the valley fertile is rocky and the work time consuming. ibrahim owns this farm.
he said growing crops like green uni didn't know is worth the extra care, because they are usually profitable, but not anymore. >> our industry has been badly affected by the war in neighboring syria. we can no longer truck our produce through syria and into jordan, and on to the gulf, because the crossings are now closed. more than 30% of our income is gone because of this. >> the only way now for farmers to send their produce to the gulf is by seed, but you the costs are typically high and cut deep into profits. >> losing a third of all revenue because of the war in neighboring syria has hit farmers here hard, but a growing concern is the escalating diplomatic cute between leaders here in lebanon and gulf countries. more than three quarters of agricultural exports from lebanon are sent to gulf states which is why a recent series of
decisions between the gulf states and allies have farmers worried. last month, the so you had government canceled billions of dollars it gives to the lebanese state security. the gulf cooperation council declared hezbollah a terrorist organization. the group is lebanon's most powerful armed political and social movement, but farmers now fear their industry could be targeted next. >> it's lebanese exports being band, nobody can estimate how destructive it can be on the economy. >> the obama administration is pressuring saudi arabia and gulf allies not to take further steps to punish lebanon economically. for now, farmers here say all they can do is continue to care for their crops. al jazeera, at the becca valley in eastern lebanon. prosecutors in brazil called for the arrest of former
president desilva, facing charges of money laundering and identity fraud for concealing ownership of a beach front apartment. he denies the allegations, last week, he was detained and questioned about corruption at brazil's state run oil firm. still in brazil, more than 6,000 cases of microcephaly have been reported there so far. the condition in which newborns have unusually small heads has been blamed on the zika virus, but a direct link has only been established in 700 babies. >> there were no insults and generally everyone behaved themselves at the latest republican debate in the u.s. donald trump left the stage largely undamaged but was pressed on his rhetoric on islam, as alan fisher reports. >> this was the tamest debate so far and brought more light to the positions held by the candidates. donald trump was asked to address his comments.
>> there were large pores of a group, islam want to us very, very harsh means. >> ohio governor john kasich doubted there could be a deal. >> i don't believe there is a long term permanent peace solution and i think pursuing that's the wrong thing to do. >> so far, i cannot believe how six it's been up here. >> donald trump refused to respond to attacks on several issues, ted cruz demanding policy details, not sound bites and criticized donald trump's idea of trade tariffs on foreign imports. >> how does it help to say i'm going to put a 45% tax on diapers when you buy diapers, on automobiles, on clothing, that hurts you. it's why we've got to get beyond rhetoric of china bad and actually get to how do you solve
the problem. >> this debate was in miami with its big cuban american population and marco rubio, the florida senator who's family came from cuba made that count with this answer. >> it would require cuba to change today with its government. today it has not. after these changes were made, there are now millions and hundreds of millions of dollars that will flow to the castro regime. >> this debate covered many issues relating to borders. they've been able to look to the personality of candidates, now may get an idea of their policies. many have died of drug overdoses in the united states, more than than car accidents. legislation was promised to tackle the problem. >> the vote is 94a's, one anyway. >> if there is one thing democrats and republicans can agree on, it's the need to address the country's epidemic of heroin and opioid drug abuse.
>> in conjunction with the $400 million appropriated or opioid specific programs just a few months ago can make important strides incoming batting the growing addiction and overdose problem we've seen in every one of our states. >> the senate passed what is known as the comprehensive addiction recovery act to deal with a problem that now affects more than 2 million americans of all ages, races and socioeconomic levels. there's no shortage of statistics underlying the scale of the problem but up until now there hasn't been a federal response to a national problem. >> this is a horror, an evil that knows no geographic or class boundaries. it's happening in big cities, it's happening in very small town in pennsylvania, it's happening in suburb communities. it's happening in high income communities, low income communities, middle income communities.
it's happened to everyone. there's no escaping it. >> experts say the epidemic stems from doctors over describing opioid pain killers. they are lead to addiction. as controls on addiction drugs tightened, users turn to heroin to fuel they're a diction. there are states expanding treatment efforts and access to overdose prevention drugs. >> some areas where there's no treatment of these medications at all. people have to go long, long distances. sometimes there is waiting lists. this kind of access to treatment is one of the things that they're hoping that these kind of funds are going to be able to address. >> the senate may have reached a compromise on how best to deem with the nation's growing opioid addiction problem but a similar bill has been languishing in the house of representatives for months, until the full congress can come to an agreement, medical clinics like this one will continue to struggle with
limited resources and increasing demand. al jazeera, new york. hundreds of people in bangladesh marched towards the forest in a second day of protests. they oppose two coal-fired power plants being built near the world heritage site. the coal-fired power plants they say will destroy the environment. a controversy korean movie 14 years in the making is to hit screens in the u.s. spirits homecoming deals with the issue of so-called comfort women, japanese military sex slaves kept during world war ii. rob mcbride reports from seoul. >> spirits homecoming is inspired by the harrowing true story of one surviving comfort woman, forced into sexual slavery when she was 16 years old. the movie's preview in seoul was attended by some of the few
comfort women still alive. the box office success is all the more remarkable because of the long struggle to complete the film. 14 years in the making, the director managed to raise the remaining budget through on line crowd funding of thousands of individual donations. >> i think the movie was made thanks to the will of the people to get to know their grand mothers. the plot of the movie is important, but above all, it's the fact that it was directly funded and produced by the people themselves. >> outside the japanese embassy, a protest by supporters of korean comfort women is a weekly event. >> possibly the movie's success should not have come as a surprise in a country where the issue of the comfort women is felt so deeply despite an accord signed between japan and south korea that was meant to resolve
the matter once and for all. >> japan poppied and set up a fund of nearly $10 million to help the surviving women under the deal. that has left many protestors even more enraged. >> japan did not admit war crimes and says the offer of compensation is not legal reparation. it means japan does not accept legal responsibility. we demand the agreement be nullified. >> it's estimated as many as 200,000 korean women may have been forced to work in japan's war time brothels. many koreans are angry as japan's refusal to accept responsibility. this movie fuels the anger. >> i want god to make japan pay. i feel the suffering of the victims. >> i hope many more people watch this movie, so they will understand. >> clearly a painful experience, but the box office figures show
how around 3 million careens have felt the need to go through it. rob mcbride, al jazeera, seoul. there is lots more on our website, aljazeera.com. from critic to comrade, dr. ben carson saying he endorses donald trump. dishonorable discharge, two top executives losing their job over a scandal in the wounded warrior project. in texas, more rain on the way.