authorities in china to take part in rare protests. a new round of talks to try and end the syrian conflict are due to get underway in geneva in a few hours time. diplomats are hoping to build on a true which is in force. the syrian government has agreed to attend but the foreign minister said it will not discuss the presidency. the main opposition parties will be there. the syrian national coalition and an affiliate with the free syrian russian. russia wants the kurds to be involved but they have not been invited.
a meeting needs to take place without any preconditions. >> reporter: putting up preconditions contradict the fundamentals we came upon. it is an all syrian meeting without any foreign intervention and without preconditions i'm joined by our senior political analyst. the en special envoy says he wants to talk about the feature of bashar al-assad but even before the talks begin, so how would you rate anything positive coming ou this time? >> staffan de mistura is giving himself a lot of latitude and time. we're talking about 18 months on the overall. i think in this context of what has been seen since the first geneva and the third geneva, anything is sacred. at the end of the day convening
with each delegate separately will discuss whatever he seems necessary and in so many ways for the time being he is backed by moscow and washington. that's why for our viewers to know that staffan de mistura might walk the talk, but it happens elsewhere. there are two many players in this game and staffan de mistura is the person who is trying to hold a couple of threads to get the most interested and concerned, which is the regime of bashar al-assad and the syrian opposition on the same room, same building and eventually on the same table. whether that will happen remains to be seen you say there are too many players in this game. the russians and the americans, of course, are the two main players. the russians have a lot at
stake. do you think that the russians are genuinely interested in ending this war in syria? >> i think everybody would be. if it ends to their favor ending it in their favor would be what? >> maintaining the bashar al-assad regime or the regime in general and maintaining it as a satellite of russian in the middle east and maintaining bases in russia and maintaining its prestige and basically the opposition and cornering them in order to make sure that there is a regime that supports moscow's agenda in the region. the same thing applies for the u.s., but as you were saying and as we said repeatedly, there is a dissymmetry between the two. america, in terms of the syrian situation, talks of diplomacy, russia talks of military action.
there is american words meeting russian bombs. for the time being there's so much more for russian at stake than syria and i think for the time being these negotiations that staffan de mistura is managing have been fuelled by american compromises and russian games the russians say the kurds should be present at the talks which is a big no no for turkey, and what you think about the attack being pointed at pro-kurdish groups in turkey, do you think the turkey will change? >> there is no doubt that turkey does not want a new kurdish phenomenon, just like haran doesn't want it to be spreading into the region into some sort of successionist movement. every time we talk of the kurds
we talk as if it's a turkish russian thing. it is not just that. the syrian opposition is that the delegation for all syrians outside the regime. they've insisted if the kurds want to come in, they need to come in like every syrian coalition, but come in as-- not as a separate identity? >> that's correct. there is no really much of negotiation going on between the kurds and the regime because in so many ways most of the position has been aligned with either moscow or the bashar al-assad regime. what the coalition is saying, stop talking about these things. let's focus on the main issue. the kurds are more than welcome to come in to the syrian coalition umbrella and discuss it in terms of not
decentralising and defying syria but as a one united syria that would be represented on the table in geneva thank you for that. moving on to other world news now. the united arab emrates says it cannot find one of its planes. a coalition of arab states started fighting against houthi rebels over a year ago in yemen. the heart of the turkish capital has come under attack with a powerful car bomb leaving 34 dead and 100 injured. it took place in a busy transport hubs in the center of the city. >> reporter: the second car bomb to hit the heart of the capital in less than a month. the blast ripped through the square, a densely populated
transport hubs when early evening crowds had gathered >> translation: there was a be that as it may sitting behind me. her seat just blew away. there was a car. i think it was black. five or six people died in the bus. the neck of one was severed. something pierced me here and in my arm >> reporter: while there was no immediate claim of responsibility, government officials say they have completed their investigation and will announce monday whom they believe to be behind the attack. in february 29 people mainly military personnel were killed in a suicide car bomb attack claimed by a group calling themselves the kurdistan freedom falcons. the country has been on a height of alert. >> translation: security measures were taken, instructions were given by terrorist attacks cannot be prevented 100% in any country. >> reporter: turkey is now
facing multiple security threats as it is engaged in the war on two fronts. it is fighting i.s.i.l. in syria and iraq and the p.k.k. in its south-east. now with the findings still to come, the country worries and waits as concerns about the overall security situation in turkey grows. also important to note this comes two days after the u.s. embassy in ankara warning their citizens to void the city al-qaeda has claimed responsibility for an attack on a beach resort in ivory coast. at least 16 people were killed as well as assailants. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: a witness to the attacks on a popular beach resort in the ivory coast
explains what he saw. >> translation: i heard shots coming from over there. then i saw the criminal. i was really surprised to see three people who are heavily armed. they had guns in their front pockets >> reporter: people started running away from the area trying to reach a safer place. six armed men had started shooting people on the beach. according to the government, the attackers targeted people at three hotel. >> translation: i was about 60 metres away. i don't know how i managed to get out of there. >> reporter: stuart forces intervened after 4 minutes. they evacuated the area and went after the assailants. by then a number of people had been killed. >> translation: i want to say that these cowardly attacks will not be tolerated in the coast. >> reporter: it took another two
to three hours to get the situation under control. it will take longer for people at this retreat to recover from this violence in braz imhundreds of thousands of people have taken to the streets to demand the resignation of the president. she is deeply unpopular because of the faltering economy. >> reporter: in their largest gathering yet demonstrators say they want this to be the last time they come out to call for her impeachment. they're upset about the poor economy but they want a clean up of the power and government. >> the politicians, they are
killing. we are here for justice >> reporter: numerous corruption allegations have surfaced over the last two years involving high-level politician and the company petrobras. last week her mentor the former president was charged by prosecutors for allegedly hiding his wealth. during his presidency he was seen as a people's champion, bringing millions out of poverty. now many here want to see him in jail. even more people acame out than originally expected. organisers put that down to the people growing tired of politicians and their lives, and the judge that is pursuing the corruption is being hailed here as a hero. political parties that are part of the ruling coalition say they're using this as a gau
geshgs e. the tide seems to be overwhelmingly against the president and it may be time to breakaway from her government. the people on the street say the sentiments expressed here goes beyond political affiliations. it is anger, they say, towards a deeply entrenched system of corruption. they know it will take years to correct, but they're out on the streets to demand a move towards change still ahead on al jazeera >> if you travel by boat without a visa, you will not make australia home we meet refugees from afghanistan who returned home with dashed hopes of a better life abroad. >> reporter: i'm reporting from south africa where children here have a chance at sporting and academic success at this academy. academy.
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welcome back. a reminder of our top stories. a new round of talks to try and end the syrian conflict are due to get underway in geneva in just a few hours time. diplomats are hoping to build on a truce which is in effect since february. a large car bomb has killed at least 34 people and injured more than 100 others in turkey's capital. al-qaeda says it carried out a
beach resort in the ivory coast. 16 people were killed. six of the gunmen were also shot dead. the syrian conflict began with peaceful protests against the government. opponents of the bashar al-assad regime say they have no choice but to take up arms when it responded to their demand with a fierce crackdown. on the fifth anniversary at the tart of the conflict our correspondent looks back at how it began. >> reporter: this is how the war began. syrians demanded freedom and reform and they did so by holding peaceful protests. this man took to the streets for hope for a change and a better future. five years later, he speaks behind one of the many lines that dwi his country. >> translation: i joined the revolution because we were living under oppression for
years. for example, we used to see people get arrested for no reason and never leave prison. when the protests began i was a student. we asked for the end to the war but they responded if violence. there was more violence and we were faced with no other choice but to carry arm. >> reporter: it didn't take long before the images of peaceful protests disappeared. a fierce government crackdown and the bombardment were about silencing the voice of the oppositi opposition. he like many other syrians found himself under fire and a popular uprising descended into an all-out civil war. he says their goal has been to achieve freedom and democracy but they find themselves in the middle of a complex war which has drawn in regional and world
powers. >> translation: we didn't think the struggle would last five years. we didn't expect all this bloodshed. we didn't expect the whole world to stand against us. we didn't think that we would reach the point that we are today. a divided syria. we didn't go out on the streets to dwi syria. we took to the streets for a free syria. it was a great feeling back then. we were saying what we wanted to say and we felt free. >> reporter: a partial ceasefire that reduced the violence allowed them to return to the streets. these demonstrations in rebel held areas were a reminder to the world of the popular up rising that began. they there were messages that said there were no way to ebbed this a party has made inroads into the germany elections.
there is a party new to the scene and is critical of angela merkel's handling the refugee crisis. >> reporter: these are supporters of the right wing party. it has become the focal point for opposition to angela merkel's refugee policies. the high point was here. >> translation: the results are fantastic across the board in all three federal states. here we have, of course, the top result. >> translation: outstanding. the result is for us. to take the voices of the voters seriously and talk straight to parliament. >> reporter: the problem for the ifd is that no matter how success. they have been here and across germany on sunday, no other main party is prepared to work with them in coalition.
so they will not enter government. which means the vote they have received is just a protest vote against the policies of the coalition government. for the ruling cdu there was consolation in remaining the largest party. the state premier is from the cdu. on sunday night he hailed his party showing in his own state. >> translation: we managed to win with a good margin. we have roughly the same result in absolute votes as five years ago when we were in a different situation, a totally different party landscape. >> reporter: this election campaign has been dominated by the refugee crisis with many suggesting the vote was a referendum on the policies of angela merkel. her popularity has sumped as the influx of refugees have grown. in the past few weeks her position has been more
favorable, but it didn't help her here. one political scientist told me why he felt voters chose the rfd. >> they appear that they are the losers of the refugees crisis and i don't think that is the real threat, but the people feel it is a threat and, therefore, they voted for this anti-refugee party. judge the questions for the federal government will be what to make of the voters' verdict and where it leaves their policy on refugees. dominic kane more than 200,000 afghans have left their country in the hope of a better life, but once in europe many are painfully disappointed and it results some of them accepting cash
incentives to return home >> reporter: they left with hope but returned with dejection. they arrived back in kabul here defeated. this man spent five months getting to germany but it was not what he expected. >> translation: they gave me a document and written in red it said that i could be subjected to deportation and there were no guarantees of a bright future for me. it said it could take years for me to be accepted into society. >> reporter: he says he couldn't find work and couldn't get permission for his wife and three children to join him. in the end he accepted a payment of $2,000 from the german government to leave. he told me that he paid $7,500 to the smugglers and that he went to the germany for the future of him and his country. >> to intercept any vessel.
>> reporter: this is a commercial issued by the australian government shown on afghan television >> if you travel by boat vout a visa, you will not make australian home. the rules apply to everyone, families, children, unaccompanied children, educated and skilled. there are no exceptions >> reporter: even germany the most welcoming at all, are taking steps to withdrew the unconditional welcome of the part. it has started a campaign here to persuade people from taking the dangerous journey. >> they're saying any request is granted, but it is not try to make it understand that it won't be an easy right there either. >> reporter: more than 200,000 afghans have made the desperate journey to europe, most to germany, but fewer than a
thousand have taken the cash deal to return >> it becomes even more important to open doors and return for qualified afghans to return to support either the administration in the private sector or the professional sectors because those afghans can bring back the skills and sometimes the capital to actually reinvigorate the economy which is fragile >> reporter: walk in any hospital in afghanistan and see the wounded, you can understand why so many want to leave. nearly everyone you ask here say they will leave here if they get the chance, even though the warm welcome of europe may be a thing of the past thousands of chinese coal miners have been protesting demanding to be paid. there were scruffles with the police. the miners say they haven't been paid for more than six months. some of them were arrested by police.
our china correspondent has the latest >> reporter: >> reporter: this was a very big protest. we haven't been able to independently verify some of the pictures we saw on social media, but they showed piners clashing with police and with their families. they gathered outside the offices of the mine on saturday demanding to pay be saying in some cases they had gone without pay for over six months. this is what we have seen sign of what may be to come in the months and years ahead as china embarks on this delegate task of trying to shut down some of these big loss-making inefficient steel mills and mines. in the past government has powder cheap money into these entriess to keep them going. that had the effect of creating more debt. the government has said that model can no longer continue.
so the question now is how hard they wield their axe and it may be that in this particular town they wielded the axe too hard. the governor denied that the workers were not paid money, but then he back tracked saying what he said was, in fact, a mistake which caused even more anger children from one of the toughest townships in south africa are getting on their bikes. they've joined a cycling academy and it is providing them with more than they expected. tania page went to meet them. >> reporter: it's soccer not cycling that most youngsters here are inspired by, but here b mx riding has a small following.
this is a safe place for kids to hang out here, one of the biggest township here. many youngsters come here with physical and mental scars and a need of guidance, both on and off the bike >> the patience and perseverance with the kids, living in his and hour household, hundred, coming to train to make sure they achieve their goals, and some might have issues at home, maybe the guard i don't know or whatever was drunk last night, will make sure they're here. >> reporter: there is a lot of emphasis on academic achievement as well. it is the excitement of riding and the potential to be sport stars that draw these children in. if they don't have their academic standards maintained, they could have their bikes
taken off them. the classrooms' walls are covered with inspiring photos. this is the biggest star. both his parents were killed by the miv virus. he grew up in a shack. now he is in a team in italy. this boy says he is the biggest fan of this rider. his mother died when he was a baby. he is happiest on his bike. >> there's lots of fun there. there is a lot of violence here, so i chose this place to take me away from the bad stuff outside. >> reporter: last year he was stabbed in the back of a gang member who thought he was swup else. he feels much safer on a bike, training with friends who all have the same dream.