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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 1, 2016 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> up certain fumes, the united nations issues a stark warning about refugees that could be sent back from greece to turkey. hello, i'm barbara serra, and you're watching aljazeera live from london. also coming up on the program, world leaders discuss how to keep the world safe from attacks with nuclear weapons. an israeli soldier accused of unlawfully killing a palestinian is moved from
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detention. and from his mother's burial site. thank you for joining us. days before implement, the ups and human rights groups have strongly criticized refugeesing there but greece. that was a condition of a deal agreed between ankora and the eu last month. they are concerned about the possibility of refugees where their applications are being processed. and it said that it will not support detention centers. and it will stop moving refugees from greek beaches to facilities.
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illegally returning thousands of refugees to their war-torn homeland. highlighting the dangerouses that the refugees might face if they're deported from greece back to the new deal. at least ten people were injured overnight with clashes with migrants inside of a holding center. police said that two people were stabbed in the incident. people broke through the fence and fled, telling official that's they feared for their safety and did not want to return to turkey. a camp on the greece macedonian border, she sent us this update. >> the u.n. is expressing concern about the eu-turkey deal days before it's to be implemented, hundreds of refugees who landed on the shores are being held in detention facilities. the u.n. is concerned about the conditions inside of those
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detention facilities, which are basically prisons. the u.n. said that they're overcrowded, lack of sanitation, and it's not just that. the world organization is worried that these people, their asylum requests, are not being properly processed because of the lack of time. and they're concerned that international law could be violented. >> so today we're urging the parties to the recent eu and turkey agreement on refugees and migrants to ensure that all safeguards are in place before any returns begin. this is in light of continued serious gaps in both countries. >> reporter: the u.n. is concerned about the 50,000 migrants and refugees stranded in greece. these people are not part of the eu and turkey deal. they have been trapped since europe closed it's borders. and the frustration is growing, and the tensions have been on the rise. the fact that we have heard of
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fights between the different communities on the ground. and many of those stranded in greece say that they have not been able to apply for asylum. no one picks up their calls. and the u.n. is worried that greece does not have the capacity to process all of asylum requests. >> without further urgent support, the capacity of the greek service to register and process, hours of registration, daily ceilings on registrations, and lack of access to the skype system for registration, whereby people receive their appointments and interviews via skype, this is adding to the anxiety. >> it will be an important show of force to show the migrants that they're serious, especially since the deal came
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into effect on march 20th. but the arrivals continue. a much lower number than in the past. but people still continue to land on greece's shows. deportations could be seen as a deterrent. >> everybody has been participating and they have made it harder to get their hands on nuclear material. we have majorly reduced the risk. but as we desorbed last night, the threat of terrorism persists. form, no terrorist group has succeeded thus far in obtaining
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a nuclear weapon, or radioactive materials, but we know that al qaeda has long sought nuclear materials, and individuals in brussels, videotaped a senior manager who workings at a belgium nuclear facility. isil has already used chemical weapons, including mustard gas in syria and iraq, and there's no doubt that if these madmen ever got their hands on a nuclear bomb or nuclear material, they would most certainly use it to kill as many people as possible. >> with this, we're joined by rosilan in washington d.c., and give us more detail on what the specifics are? >> well, basically, this deal goes back to the late 90s. and it was considered rather weak, because it didn't really have enough of a guarantee from countries that wanted to sign onto it in order to ensure the
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physical security. basically if you put something in a closet that you have a strong enough lock on, so the amendments that are made for this specific treaty are enough for these countries to sign on and say that they're going to take a more robust posture in protecting the nuclear material. that's everything, from the warheads that the united states has, to the radioactive isotopes used in medical care, and for construction work in some facilities around the world. but the idea that this material needs to be very strictly controlled and managed is one which could lead to what some might want to call a hyperbolic nightmarish scenario like the one that president obama is outlining. >> president obama was mentioning groups like al qaeda and isil, and they have managed to get their hands on nuclear
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material, but then north korea, a state actor, and possibly poses more of a threat. what's to be said about north korea. >> well, clearly, the fact that north korea may have had an underground nuclear test earlier in 2016 is very much top of mind, not just for the united states, but for china, for japan, and for south korea. the president made a point of meeting very publicly with all three leaders in two meetings on thursday to reiterate their joint commitment from preventing north korea from becoming a nuclear state. recently, the chinese have been suggesting that perhaps it might be time, after several years of no action, to restart the sixth party talks, the negotiating progress that could lead to making north korea a non-nuclear state. and indeed, make the entire
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korean peninsula a nuclear-free zone. the u.s. position is simple. north korea has to stop it's provocative behavior before any talks can continue. there was an overture in the past year, suggesting that perhaps there could be bilateral talks, but north korea wanted to continue its work. so the u.s. said this is not going to happen. very much a real concern, and some outside critics suggest, barbara, that perhaps this nuclear security summit should have been focused more on nuclear weapons, and not so much the security of the raw material that's used, not just in nuclear warheads, but for civilian applications as well. >> roz, thank you. and going to syria now, where at least 31 people have been killed and dozens injured by airstrikes near the capital.
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a school and two defense buildings were damaged. france said that it violates the ongoing truce in parts of syria,. two turkish journalists, charged with revealing state secrets has resumed. from the newspaper, they're accused of spying, and trying to overthrow the government. and now they face life in prison. >>prison. the story alleging turkey government is arming in syria, the government has denied t the case, which has been widely criticized by rights groups has been seen as a pest for turkish freedom. the kurdistan workers party, the pkk, has claimed responsibility for a car bomb sest of jankara.
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reporting now. >> devastating is the calm of the neighborhood. the damage is clear, the family is shocked. they survived the attack. >> my parents were cooking in the kitchen, i was in the bathroom. children were studying in the living room. all of a sudden, a powerful explosion, we felt it, and something very strong coming on to us. it was like an apocalypse. >> many onlookers stood in the street and many more scared. >> we heard an explosion, we thought it was been earthquake. we were worried. >> reporter: the car was parked here, and detonated by a remote control. a minibus was on the corner, the explosion was so powerful that it shattered the windows of the buildings.
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the security officials said that they have identified the man in this footage as the main suspect. he is here to help the city. for months, they have been hit by the pkk. turkey last name bow before attacks and violence. >> your brothers have come here so the turkish flag would continue to wave. they gave their lives in order for it not to fall into ruin like damascus, like aleppo. >> last month, a suicide attack, carried out by an isil suicide bomber killed several tourists in istanbul. both averageara and is tall
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bull have had attacks in the last year. several consulates have closed their doors, and they have warned people from visiting the country, especially southeastern turkey. >> still to come, indian police, a flyover collapses, plus, at a nigerian school, giving orphans the chance to make a fresh start.
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>> the top stories on aljazeera, the u.n. is calling for legal safeguards before refugees are returned to turkey, and ankora with the european union. amnesty international has accused turkey of forcibly returning syrian refugees back to the war-torn country. barack obama has announced that 102 nation have ratified a treaty on the protection of nuclear material. he was speaking at a summit in washington. an israeli military court has ruled that a soldier, accused of killing an injured palestinian man can be moved. al-sharif was shot in the head and killed in reb ron in the
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occupied west bank, he was lying on the ground after allegedly attacking an israeli. the charges have been reduced from murder to manslaughter. >> directly's chief military prosecutor appeared in court today to try to fight the decision by the judge to release the soldier into open arrest, which is he'll go to a military base, and to read you quotes that we heard from him inside of the session, the videos and the testimony indicate the neutralized terrorist posed no threat. these are military words, but he said however many movements that the terrorists made at the scene, many people, including those standing next to him were not alarmed and this speaks volumes. the soldier said that he felt threatened and his colleagues were threatened by the
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21-year-old palestinian who was lying on the ground, and he had been shot and incapacitated but he believes that he had the potential to carry out another attack, in terms of having explosives on him. but the probation is making it clear that they were not buying this, and they believe that he should remain in custody. but that has not happened. he's on open arrest in a military base, and he will appear in court again on tugs. indian police have opened the case of culpable homicide against a company with a flyover in calcutta. five officials have also been arrested. at least 20 were killed. and nine-year-oldle injured when a 100-meter stretch of the bridge fell. the company is denying responsibility. >> the street, once under the shadow of a flyover, now being cleared of concrete slabs and mangled metal.
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>> here, the people were there yesterday. the second part of the bridge, the flyover is still leaning in one direction. >> workers say that it will take up to three days to remove a precarious slab that's hanging off the bridge, held together by pieces of concrete and twisted iron. residents look on with a bird's eye view, the building barely touching the flyover. the bridge has taken all the space, which is why people in vehicles have no choice but to pass under the building. two members of this family lost their lives. the concrete slabs fell onto a auto ricksha that was taking this man's son and daughter-in-law to a nearby market. >> i have lost everything. my entire family is gone.
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i don't know how i'll run the family. i'm already 75 years old and i'm left with my grandson. what do i do about his future? i don't know what to do with out my son. >> reporter: the search for vehicles trapped under the debris continued through the night. the police say no one was pulled out alive. the minister canceled all of her campaigning for state election, vowing that those responsible will be punished, and there will be an investigation. but in the light of day, the locales say that they're sceptical. they worry that the elections are because of politicians had intentions now. with checks and balances, a tragedy of this
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tale may not have happened. here, it's short. the crowds gather to watch the machinery break apart the flyover's crumbling edge. and it's business as usual. the vehicles are parked under the bridge. aljazeera, call cut a. >> myanmar's upper house has approved the new government post-for san suu kyi. it will make in effect the president. the lower house is expected to vote on the bill on tugs. suu kyi is barred from being president because her children hold foreign passports. a school in nigeria has opened it's doors to children orphaned during the conflict. the children will be studying alongside of others whose parents were members of boko haram. in northeastern nigeria, in the first of the two--part series,
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looking at the plight of orphans around the world. >> it's a typical start to a normal school day for these children. after the most traumatic period in their young lives, they try to get an education. putting the past behind them and changing their lives. more than 80% of them who are orphaned were involved in the boko haram group, and sometimes in the chaos and destruction that it generated. and this is exactly what the group doesn't want them to have. he came to the school a month and a half ago traumatized. the progress in the school has been slow. >> all i want to be is a teacher so i can help others. >> reporter: her father was killed by boko haram, and her mother put in a displaced persons camp. and the people who took the child in were also killed in the suicide attack.
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>> some are shedding tears, and when you ask them, -- >> but at least the two can now read. for those who have been here longer, the confidence has returned. >> i want to be a doctor and help those in need. >> a young boy, forced to watch his father be killed, wants one day to help others. >> boko haram fighters coming here, alongside of the members of the security forces, and ordinary people killed in the violence. the people say that they want to speed up the healing process. at the end of their studies, [ unintelligible ] so they put their kids up with families who agree to host them while the school provides some support. but in an orphanage, he did not
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necessarily -- how do you pair him with other groups? >> for now, most of the children have moved on. learning to be kids again. but most importantly, trying to shape their future. aljazeera, northeast nigeria. >> part two of our series opt plight of orphans around the bored, we report from cambodia, where a campaign is underway to reunite children who managed to find their parents. that's saturday here on aljazeera. south africa's president, jacob zuma, is expected to address the nation over up graze to his private residence. the highest court ruled that the president flatted the constitution using government muffin. zuma has denied any wrongdoing.
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the top leaders of his party have been meeting over response to the ruling. zimbabwe, holding discussions for landowners. the government says that it might raise funds by taxing the black farmers who benefited from the land seizures. over the past years, 5,000 white farmers were evicted. more than a dozen were killed with the violence that came with the land grabs. a woman in liberia has died from ebola months after the west african nation declared that it was free from the virus. more than 11,000 people in new guinea and liberia and sierra leone have died from it since 2013. the world health organization said that while ebola is no longer a health emergency, it's expecting some cases to occasionally appear. now, japan's prime
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minister, shi is going ahead toy to reduce debt. but reporting from tokyo, the move could do more harm than good. >> running his basement noodle shop, and sometimes working 20 hours a day, he feels every percentage point of every tax hike. with the increase in tax charged on goods and services two years ago, from 5-78% reduced his margins. >> after the first tax hike, we didn't want to burden our customers. >> as taxes increase to 10% next year, higher prices, though his business will suffer. upscale his problems to the size of the world's third biggest economy, and you have japan's dilemma.
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raising the amount of taxes, meant to tackle japan's public detect. but it has the process of slowing the economy, and what it receives overall and defeats the purpose. even the prime minister has admited it. many believe that it helped to push japan back into recession last year. all of this cast doubt on his so-called ubanomics strategy of revitalizing the economy. with wages rising a tiny half a percent every year, many economists believe the economy can't bear another tax rise. the government will be looking for reasons to postpone it. >> they cannot say they're going to postpone because of the weakness of the domestic economy.
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that's why they have to grow the economy, responding to the hike. it's a very tricky thing for the government. >> tricky too for him, as he tries to set his noodle prices to keep his business going. >> i wish abe would do something for the ordinary people, instead of helping big businesses all the time so, we can build some benefits. >> it seems abbe's stimulus measures, intended to have an affect for the whole economy, have failed to reach his business. >> for the first time in recorded history, the global population is more obese than it is undernourished. that's according to a major study involving the world health organization and several hundred researchers. according to a study being published in the lance et journal, there are 641 million obese people worldwide. and by 2025, one fifth of all adults will be classified as obese. the countries with the highest number of over weight men and
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women are the u.s. and china. and meanwhile, south asia, almost one quarter of the population is over weight. that's 120 million adults, based in 166 countries. >> archaeologists say more analysis is needed to establish if the tomb can reveal one of the most important discoveries of this century. they have been using radar technology to discover a cavern behind king tut's 3,000-year-old tomb. archaeologists believe that it could be a burial chamber housing the remains of his mother, queen nefertiti, whose remains have long been a mystery. the data will be analyzed next month. >> the scan will measure the thickness of the northern wall of king tut's chamber, and we will do another scan to see if
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another chamber is behind it. >> you can find out more on that and everything else that we have been covering on the program on our website. the page on your scenes right now address >> testing the world's resolve, north korea reportedly fires a ballistic missile at the u.s., and prepares allies. damaging winds in the south, isolated tornadoes in the southern states, and the threat is not over. and plus, tesla rolls out it's affordable electric