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phone - do not try this at hotel. i'm richelle carey, keep it here for more live from london. this is al jazeera. i'm barbara. and this is the news hour live from london. thank you for joining us. in the next 60 minutes, south africa president said he did not act dishonest over spending on his private residence as calls for his resignation grow. waving good-bye to the threat of attacks by armed groups using nuclear weapons. world leaders meet in washington. uncertain futures. the united nations issues a stark warning about refugees
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sent back from greece to turkey. new research says the world has more obese than underweight people for the first time. in south africa the president, jacob zuma, has apologized for what he calls confusion and frustration over the millions in public money he spent upgrading his private residence. in a televised address zuma claims he didn't act dishonestly, and says his action were in good faith. zuma is facing growing calls to resign for spending $16 million on his private mansion. >> i wish to confirm in line with the findings of both the court and the public protector
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that i did not act dishonestly or with any personal knowledge of the irregularities by the department of public works with regards to the project. the intention was not in pursuit of corrupt ends or to use state resources to actually benefit me and my family. hence, i have agreed to pay for the identified items once a determination is made. >> jacob zuma spoke earlier. let's go to tania page in
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johannesburg. he emphasized he respected the role of parliament to hold the executive to count and he welcomed the court judgment, but obviously, he launched into a defense of his actions. >> reporter: absolutely. i think if anything what tonight confirms, as if there were any doubt among south africans here, is that president jacob zuma is not going down without a fight. as you said, quite defensive and explanatory in his address broadcast live on television here addressing the nation. a sign, i think, that they're taking this very seriously and are aware that the public want to hear his response and what he has to say. i think, yes, he's saying that he intended to pay back the money, that he wasn't aware of the irregularities and of the level of overspend, that he was within his rights to challenge
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the public protector's findings. let's go back one day just to the constitutional court rules, which said that although he was within his rights to challenge the public protector, which found he should pay back a portion of the money spent on his private home on things that had nothing to do with security, that he needed to do that quite swiftly. he was dismissive for a good two years. it was only at the beginning of this constitutional court hearing that he put his hand up and said, yes, i owe some money. i'm waiting to hear how much that should be. i think south africans heard tonight what they may have hoped to hear tomorrow, but for his critics calling for his impeachment or resignation, it was not what they wanted to hear at all. >> tania, in the next half hour or so we should here from the afc. what do we expect them to say? >> they will toe the same line. today there was an emergency called in great urgency off of
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the back of that landmark ruling on the constitutional court of the top six of the anc. these are really the decision-makers, and although, yes, south africa is a constitutional democracy, it has a large parliamental national assembly. the anc vastly dominates that parliament. it's the top fit for the anc that makes the decisions that are key to this country's present state and its future. those top six include the president, whose deputy of the party, the treasurer and speaker of the house. after that urge the meeting, the president has addressed the nation live and we'll hear soon in the next half hour or so from the african national congress. earlier in the day we heard the anc's women's league come out very much in support of the president and also the youth league. for the moment very much in public they are sticking by their man, although we wait to see the exact wording of the
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statement to be released in the next half hour or so. >> we do indeed. tania, thank you. the u.s. president barack obama has announced 102 nations ratified a treaty on the protection of nuclear material. the revelations came as the leaders and top-ranked diplomats gathered in washington, d.c. for a nuclear security summit. safeguarding the world from the threat of nuclear terrorism. securing so-called vulnerable atomic material is top of the agenda. part of the discussions are expected to center on whether the islamic state of the iraq and levant fighters could target nuclear energy infrastructure and use the fuel to make so-called dirty bombs. barack obama is pushing a significant reduction of nuclear weapons stockpiles. russia and the u.s., just the two of them, hold more than 90% of the nuclear arsenal left over from the cold war. there are concerns that russia's
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absence from the talks will hinder any real progress. moscow is refusing to take part because of recent increased tensions with the u.s. for more on this we're joined by rosalynn jordan at that summit in washington, d.c. obviously, not a lot of optimism because russia isn't there. let's focus on the dirty bombs, because that's what the president and the talks there have been focusing on. tell us a little bit more on exactly what they are and why people there are so concerned. >> reporter: well, people are concerned about dirty bombs not because that if one were to explode that people would become sick or get injured or be killed by them. what they're really concerned about is that the amount of fear that the detonation of a so-called dirty bomb could create in a given community. i was just speaking with one arms control expert who said that frankly she was surprised that this hasn't happened before now, because even though y don't need much in the way of
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radioactive material in order to help set one off, the fact that you would have that material would be enough to scare a lot of people. that is what people would be interested in trying to build this sort of weapon would be trying to achieve, trying to scare people into doing their will. well, the fact is the u.s. has been very concerned that a lot of the material, which can be found anywhere from military installations all the way to a local health clinic and facilities in between, they were concerned that this material really wasn't being secured adequately. so because of this the president, barack obama, has been leading this initiative to get more countries to take this risk seriously and to do something about it. a little earlier today, the president talked about why this is such a concern to him. >> we know that al qaeda has long sought nuclear materials. individuals involved in the
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attacks in paris and brussels videotaped a senior manager who works at a belgian nuclear facility. isil has already used chemical weapons, including mustard gas in syria and iraq. there is no doubt that if these madmen ever got their hands on a nuclear bomb or material, they most certainly would use it to kill as many innocent people as possible. >> so this conference focuses on making sure that non-state actors like isil and al qaeda don't get their happeneds on nuclear material. how much discussion, if any, was there, for example about north korea, whose behavior certainly is belligerent in the last few months? >> reporter: barbara, it's fair to say if you're going to have a summit of world leaders coming to a major global capital and meeting for two day, obviously, other issues are going to come up and certainly north korea has been one of the predominant flagged issues, as it were.
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the president took the time to meet with the leaders of japan and south korea and held a bilateral meeting with the president of china can to talk about how to work more closely to prevent north korea from turning into a nuclear state. one that has nuclear warheads as part of its military. so while they haven't announced any steps towards trying to negotiate with north korea, restarting the six-party talk process, for example, they said that they were going to work more closely because they consider what north korea is doing to be very dangerous. >> rosalynn jordan with the latest from washington, d.c. thank you. ifrmen now let's go straight to south africa and listen to the african national congress and see what they have to say about the stams statements of jacob
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zuma. >> what the anc views now is the revelation of the judgment. we welcome the clarity it provided on a number of issues, specifically the role of the public protector, the separation of powers, the right of parliament to scrutinize the report it creates, and of those findings by this with a right to judicial review. we think that clarity is quite helpful for all of us. moving forward, we have acknowledged and confirmed. we're weary of the attempts of the population. we therefore encourage these to tear itself apart, you know? i listen to some leaders of the opposition who say do right
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thing. fire zuma. basically calling for that on the anc. and this is an end -- there's no view with the anc of what our country is built on and the compromise by the anc. we're not going to play to this. we're not going to do what would make our opposition forces to the anc happy. we're going to do what we think should be done and engage with those that want to find solutions. the anc extends that invitation to any sector of society which chooses to engage on this or any other matter. this appeals to all members of the anc. our last partners and sectors of society interested in finding a
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solution to the challenge facing society to engage us rather than standing at a distance and shouting at each other. we tonight think it's helpful we stand in our corners and shout. we must get together and engage if you want to engage us, and we'll come. so any sector of society, the media or the traditional leaders, be it anybody, we'll be really to engage anyone that wants to engage us on these matters. the anc has old and extended meetings on montt the 4th of april to discuss the judgment and the concerns of our people. we'll also be meeting with various sectors of society in the coming weeks. members in support of the anc and our at-large as the
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completion and closure of what has been a long and dubious process for our nation. in a country such as ours, it's expected when there's protesting views in society, our robust judiciary will be called upon as the final arbitrator on all matters brought before it. this is, therefore, is a victory for our democracy and the expression that the systems we created to promote our end democracy are alive and strong. >> we've been listening to the secretary-general of the anc. he's speaking there. very much standing by the president, jacob zuma. tania page in johannesburg was listening to you it.
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the real surprise is what the secretary-general of the anc has been saying? >> reporter: no, not at all. i think president zuma set the tone for the rhetoric we were going to hear tonight with his address, which came across according to the opposition democratic alliance leader as being very defensive, and he thought with a tone of arrogance. the anc secretary-general saying that it was very important that president zuma humbled himself in front of the nation and emphasizing their position that no member of the anc -- he's referring to the national assembly there in particular -- deliberately broke the constitution. he said, we will set about educating all our members on this judgment, the importance of adhering to the constitution and also made a dig at the constitution but the economic freedom fighters who are so
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vociferous in their calls for zuma to pay back the money. he said they're overreacting and using this call impeachment as a ploy and looked back at a vote of no confidence to the president as well. quite dismissive of the opposition's criticism. >> tania page. we'll get more reaction to jacob zumas words and the developing situation in south africa. also, still to come on the program, an israeli military court rules on a soldier accused of killing an injured palestinian man. plus -- [ music ] >> where the nigerian school giving orphans a chance to make fresh sta fresh start. the former world number one is looking back at her best with andy in sports.
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just days before it's do you to the implemented, the united nations and human rights groups have strongly criticized the european union policy to stop the flow of refugees to europe. an agreement was reached between the turkish government and the eu earlier this month to send refugees denied asylum in greece back to turkey. the u.n. refugee agency wants assurances that safeguards will be put in place. mean whiwhile amnesty internati accused them of returning refugees to their war-torn homeland. greek authorities in the island of kios say at least ten were injured overnight in clashing between migrants inside a holding center. police sources say two were stabbed in the incident. afterwards 300 broke through a fence and fled telling officials
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th feared for their safety and didn't want to return to turkey. we're at greece/macedonia border with the update. >> reporter: the u.n. is expressing concern about the eu/turkey deals three days before it's to be implemented. hundreds of migrants and refugees that landed on greece's shores since the 20th of march are being held in detention facilities. the u.n. is concerned about the conditions inside those detention facilities, which are basically prisons. the u.n. says that they're overcrowded, lack of sanitation, but it's not just that. the world organization is worried that these people, their asylum repressed are not properly processed because of the lack of time, and they're also concerned that international law could be violated. >> today we're urging the parties to the recent eu and turkey agreement on refugees and migrants to ensure that all
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safeguards are in place before any returns begin. this is in light of continued serious gaps in both countries. >> reporter: the u.n. is also concerned about the 50,000 migrants and refugees now stranded in greece. these people are not part of the eu/turkey deal. they've been trapped since europe closed its borders. the u.n. saying anxiety and frustration is growing and tensions have been on the rise. yes, in fact, we have had heard of fights between the different commities on the ground. many of those stranded in greece say they haven't been able to apply for asylum. no one picks up their calls. the u.n., in fact, is worried that greece does not have the capacity to process all the asylum requests. >> without urgent further eu support, the limited capacity of the greek asylum service to register and process asylum claims will create more problems. there are very limited hours of
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registration, daily ceiling on registrations, lack of access to the skype system for registration whereby people receive their appointments and their interviews via skype. this is adding to the anxiety. >> reporter: the eu seems intept to implementing the deal. it's an important show of force to show migrants and refugees they are serious, especially since the deal came into effect on march 20. the arrivals continue undoubtedly a much lower number than in the past that people still continue to land on greece's shores. deportations could be seen as a deterrent. >> to discuss the issue in more detail is dr. sophia, a political scientist at the university of york in the u.k. specializing in politics. thank you for joining us here on al jazeera. let's focus on this eu/turkey
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deal. there's question marks about there not enough safeguards. do you think that with the right safeguards in place this could be a viable deal, and what safeguards do you think should be in place on the european side and the turkish side? >> yes. i mean, there are serious issues with the eu/turkey deal, and essentially it seems that it is changing the focus of the problem from being on the greek side of the european border to the turkish side of the european border. of course, that's a problem because the eu can't choel what's happening in turkey as much as it could do with greece, which is a member of the european union. there are serious problems when it comes to the refugees' human rights. in greece at the moment, conditions are appalling, and they are deteriorating by the day in those detention centers. what we don't know is when these
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people or some of these people go back to turkey, what will happen to them? will they be forced back to countries where they don't want to be? >> we're three days away from the implementation. this whole thing was put together hurriedly a few weeks ago. is there a way safeguards can be put in place so things are checked in turkey and greece and more help can be given to the country to make this deal work? >> yes, certainly. they allow to extend that they're providing stuff to the greek authorities, because obviously, greece has serious problems of lack of organization and capacity. at the same time, i was reading the greek news today, and they were saying that if even they send people to the greek islands, they have problems because they don't have enough hotels to host those people. so i guess thaurz a problem with a time line on this. it can be resolved, but it
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cannot be resolved overnight. of course, we need to think about the fact that the summer is approaching, which means more people are likely to cross the border. >> they think this year might be worse than 2015, and i think around a million came to europe. that number isn't huge compared to turkey or lebanon, but in europe there has been quite a bit of hostility to the growing numbers. do you think there's anything the eu can do to make sure that turkey keeps up its side the bargain? we see this accusation by amnesty international that turkey is sending back syrian refugees to syria. do you think that the eu is likely to push turkey on those issues or close an eye and just make sure that the deal works one way or another? >> well, if we were going to respect these people's human rights, you shouldn't turn a blind eye and they would actually push turkey towards ensuring that their human rights
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are safeguarded. that's for sure. more broadly, this is a problem of politics in european union member states. what we do is know is that the european public opinion is against refugees. it's against migrants, especially from different cultural backgrounds. so it's a genuine problem how to resolve this, especially when you do not have public support. we know that in the past month or so, month and a half, almost one in 2 of german people do not have decisions on how to resolve the issues, and this is likely to detear yat. you can splan explain to the public why it needs to be addressed in a better way if we
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care about human rights. >> very complicated issue here. from university of york, thank you so much. >> thanks for having me. an israeli military court has ruled that a soldier accused of killing an injured palestinian man can be moved to open detention in a military camp until his next court appearance. sharif was shot in the head and killed in hebron in the occupied west bank. he was lying on the ground having been wounded after allegedly attacking an israeli. charges against the soldier have already been reduced from murder no manslaughter. stephanie dekker has more now from west jerusalem. >> reporter: israel's chief military prosecutor appeared in court to try and fight the decision by the judge to release the soldier into open arrest. he will go to a military base unconfined but unarmed. his appeal failed, but just to read quotes from him inside the session, the chief military prosecutor said that the videos
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and testimony indicate the neutralized terrorists pose no threat. this is military words. also he said however many movements the terrorists made at the scene, none of the people including the commanders standing next to him were not alarmed, and this seems volumes. this has to do with the defense of the soldier that says he felt threatened and his colleagues were threatened by the 21-year-old palestinian on the ground echlts. he was shot and incapacitated. he had explosives on him or somewhat like this. the prosecution makes it clear they weren't buying this, and therefore they agreed he should remain in custody. he's now on open arrest in the military base and will appear in court again on tuesday. still to come, myanmar's parliament votes on a powerful new post for suu kyi. we'll tell you what it involves. we'll go to the colombian
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kitchen that has army veterans and former rebel fighters working side by side. plus, the world's best surfers ring in the new season. andy will tell you which woman conquered a famous break in sports. ago...the murder of emmett till is to this day an unsolved crime. >> i wanted people to hear the true story of till. >> never thought that he would be killed for that. >> that was the first step in the modern civil rights movement. >> ferguson has a...asking for
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assistance with crowd control... >> we're live in ferguson, missouri. >> these young people deserve justice. >> this is a target you can't get rid of. >> they were so angry, because it could've been them. >> there's clearly an issue and we have to focus on how we bridge that. >> they say they did it because they were trying to protect my children. they didn't protect my children, they traumatized them. >> we're just the average person, trying to go to work, provide for our families, and do what we can in this world. >> don't get lost in a sea of despair. >> i'm interested in getting us to a place where we're feeling something that looks more like freedom and justice. >> check which ethnicity - i check multiple boxes. >> this is who i am. >> were you here 50 years ago? >> yes to support the cause for voter's rights. >> we've come a long way. we've got a lo ways to go. >> al jazeera america - proud to tell your stories. >> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites.
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we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> images matter. >> innovative filmmaker, spike lee - on his controversial new movie. >> the southwest side of chicago is a war zone. >> taking on the critics. >> and another thing... a lot of the people have not seen the film. >> and spurring change through his art. >> we want this film to save lives. >> i lived that character.
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>> we will be able to see change. time for a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. jacob zuma will respect the court ruling that ordered he pay back some of the state funds he used to upgrade his private residence. his ruling anc party stated they stand with their president who said he did not act dishonestly over the scandal. barack obama has announced 102 nations ratified a treaty on the protection of nuclear material. the u.s. president also warned against the threat posed by armed groups like isil. the u.n. is calling for legal safeguards before refugees are returned to turkey and their deal with the european union.
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indian police have opened the case of culpable homicide against the company building a flyover which classed in calcutta. through of the firm's officials have been arrested. at least 23 were killed and 90 injured when a 100-meter stretch of bridge fell on midday traffic. the construction company is denying responsibility. we have the story. >> reporter: a street once under the shadow of a flyover now cleared of concrete slabs and mangled metal. >> the main part of the operation is over. the people were under the debris yesterday. the second part of the operation that you see, the flyover is still leaning in one direction. that will be done in a systemic matter. >> reporter: workers say it will take up to three days to move a precarious slab hanging
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off the bridge held together by concrete and twisted iron rods. residents look on with a bird's-eye view, their buildings once nearly touched the edge of the flyover. the two-kilometer bridge took up all the space above the main thoroughfare which is why people in vehicles had no choice but to pass under the building works, and that's how two members of this family lost their lives. concrete slabs fell onto an auto rickshaw that was taking them to a nearby market. >> translator: i have lost everything. my entire family is gone. i don't know how i shall run the family. i'm already 75 years old, and i'm left with my grandson. what do i do about his future? i don't know what to do without my son. >> reporter: the search for vehicles trapped under the debris continued through the night, but police say no one was pulled out alive. the chief minister canceled all her campaigning for upcoming
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state elections to survey the scene vowing that those responsible will be punished and there will be an investigation. but in the light of day, locals say they're skeptical. they worry that the elections are the focus of politicians' attention right now. two years ago a similar flyover collapsed in the city, and those there were no casualties, people here say if the government had taken action back then and created policies and checks and balances for construction, a tragedy of this scale may not have happened. even here memories are short. despite warnings that this area is unsafe, crowds gather to watch the machinery break apart the flyover's crumbling edge, and further along it's business as usual. once again, stalls set up, pedestrians passing through, and vehicles parked under the bridge. for the first time in recorded history, the global population is more obese than it
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is undernourished. that's according to a major study involving the world health organization and 700 researchers. by comparing the weight and height of 20 million people across 186 countries, researchers found the number of obese people has risen sixfold in the past 40 years to about 640 million, so on average the global population is 1.5 kilos heavier each decade. while researchers say the problem shouldn't overshadow the issue of familiar anyone, they warn the global steps are needed to tackle the problem. if the trends continue then by 2025 18% of men and 20% of women will fall into the obese category. earlier i spoke with the lead author of the obesity study from the school of public health at london university's imperial college. he says that while there is a growing number of people considered obese, malnutrition remains a significant problem.
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>> i think there are sort of summarize the high level findings in two things. one is for much of the world, obesity rates have gone up at staggering levels. we're exiting the world in which we worry about obesity. we worry about severe obesity increasingly in many countries. the second thing is there are a couple of regimes, south asia and india and its neighbors and east and central africa where there's a lot of underweight remaining. people are undernourished and they're not going down as much as we thought they should. >> what trends are you seeing? is it too obvious to say developed nations are the ones that are -- that have the obesity problems and developing nations by and large still see malnutrition? >> that's far too simplification. one of the purposes of the study was to provide the fine grain details. highest sea levels aren't happening in countries.
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pacific island nations, middle east area, some parts of caribbean and latin america are have been some highest obesity levels. there's some sense that the high income level largely with the exception of the english-speaking world is eating better. >> we have these countries, the u.s. u.k., new zealand and australia and canada and ireland, different parts of the world and they all have a similar problem. is it a cultural issue as well? >> culture may be an exaggeration with the broader food environment. it is probably easier in this country to get processed food than in other parts of continent or vice versa. it's more common in the food environment to each more whole and fresh foods than highly processed foods. some of that is tradition and culture. we think the role of policies to change that and take actions to
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modify that. >> in many ways does the report paint a bleak picture? any glimmers of hope? >> there are glimmers of hope, and it's the case of governments realizing how big the problem is and being creative about the actions that they take. some of it happened at the level of a city. we hear about sugar tax in berkeley, california or things that new york city has been doing. some is at the levels of countries. there's a mexico sugar tax, and i just heard from a colleague that chile is becoming quite good in their regulation of advertising of unhealthy foods. so a lot of things happening on trying to reduce unhealthy foods and good things. we should watch them and learn from them. the part to become better is how to encourage people to facilitate, especially people that cannot afford a lot to eat healthier foods, and that comes down to social and food programs to make those foods available to those people. the military wing of the
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kurdistan workers party has claimed responsibility for thursday's bombing. seven police officers were killed in the blast, and at least 27 others were injured. parts of the district have been under a curfew since the military launched an operation against the pkk in december. the prime minister attended a funeral on friday saying he's not scared after the attack. let's go to syria now where 31 people have been killed and dozens injured by government air strikes not far from the capital. the only hospital in the town was hit. a school and two civil defense buildings were damaged. france reacting to the bombing say it violates the ongoing truce in parts of syria. u.s. president barack obama's call to increase the number of refugees accepted by the united states has been controversial. in one rural new york community,
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refugees are not only welcome, they're helping the local economy. we explain. >> reporter: work on the noble hearst dairy farm in rural new york is loud and smelly. they're thrilled to have the job. he was once a farmer in bhutan, but later as a refugee in nepal, he couldn't legally work for 20 years. >> translator: with new technology here, the new system of milking in the dairy farm was a little bit challenging in the beginning. now everything is easy. >> reporter: his boss, sarah noble, is a sixth generation dairy farmer. with reliable workers hard to find, she jumped at the chance to hire him through the refugee millinger training program. >> they bring a stable worker. it's a job they enjoy. it's a long-term employee. we look for people that want to stay. >> reporter: when he serves as a liaison between the farmers and refugees, he was one of
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100,000 forced out of their homeland in the 1990s. many came from rural communities like this and feel at home on the farm, if not in the cold climate. the united states resettled 85,000 bhutanese people. in 2012 more came from bhutan than any other country. in the refugee camp ray's family lived in a hut. now they have a five-bedroom house partially subsidized by a state grant. >> it's a good fit because the american workers really are not that interested in working on the farms. >> reporter: pat runs a community group that's helping the bhutanese learn skills and english. some women got a job in a local sewing factory. >> they don't mind the hard work. it fills gaps in the work force.
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>> for ray and his family coming to the united states was a turning point. >> i believe if we have a will, america is a country that i believe offers all the opportunity to grow and have our dreams come true. >> reporter: while they didn't fortunate comfortable in a city, here in rural america they feel welcome and right at home. jaz myanmar's upper house approved a new government post for suu kyi. officially her title is state counselor. the ruling party legislator says it will make her in effect the president's boss. the lower house is expected to vote on the bill on tuesday. suu kyi is barred by the constitution from becoming president because her children hold foreign passports. well, it's often said that politics shouldn't be discussed over the table, but the same cannot be said for the kitchen. a restaurant in colombia is
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helping bridge divides between wounded army soldiers and former farc rebel fighters. we have the report now from colombia. they're getting both sides of the civil conflict back into society. >> reporter: medellin has served more than fancy food. it offers training and jobs to army veterans and former rebel fighters. >> translator: a prospective employer wants to know your experience, who can recommend you. as a former rebel what can you answer? here i didn't have to lie. >> reporter: he came here after four years but never recovered. she left her hometown after threats and couldn't find a job to feed her children. when a government agency connected her with this, she worried about not being able to work in a food restaurant and
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feared working shoulder to shoulder with her former enemy. >> translator: when i saw him for the first time, i had the shivers. i didn't know what his reaction could be. that same day we talked, and i cried and since then he's been my support. >> reporter: her colleague lost his left eye a right leg to a farc land mine. >> translator: my first reaction was harsh. it was hard for me to accept the idea, but we shared our stories and i understand they're victims as well. it helped me to move on and remove a huge burden. >> reporter: the restaurant foundation originally only hired former soldiers. hiring farc was a bigger leap. >> there were fears about security and political opinion. in the end we said if we don't do it, no one will do it. >> reporter: the kitchen has become a symbol of colombia's efforts to overcome its conflicts by convincing most intree pr entrepreneurs to
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participate in programs like this one is an uphill battle. >> reporter: we have an issue of stigmaization. it's not enough for government to create opportunities, train people and for them to show responsibility if the moment they step out of the process they face a society that is not ready to receive them. >> back at they know the restaurant alone is not likely to reverse decades of fear and distrust but they hold a key for a recipe of reconciliation. a school in nigeria orphaned during the conflict of boko haram. the children will be studying alongside others whose partners were members of boko haram. we have the report now from in northeastern nigeria is the first of this two-part series looking at plight of orphans around the world.
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a normal school day for these children. after the most traumatic period this their young lives, they try to get an education, a first step in putting the past behind them and changing their lives. more than 80% of them were orphaned in violence with the boko haram armed group or sometimes in the chaos or disruption it generated. and this is exactly what the group doesn't want them to have. he came to the school over a month ago traumatized. our progress in the school has been slow. >> translator: all i want to be is your teacher, so i can help others. >> reporter: her father was killed by boko haram. the mother later died at a displaced persons camp, and the people that took the child in were also killed in a suicide bomb attack. >> a lot of times teaching in the class, some bow their heads
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and some shed tears. when you ask them, they remember their father and mother. >> reporter: at least he can grieve. for those that have been here longer, confidence has returned. >> translator: i want to be a doctor and help those in need. >> reporter: he was forced to watch his father being killed wants to one day help others. the offspring of some senior boko haram fighters study here alongside the parents that are members of the security forces or were ordinary people killed in the violence. the cool wants to speed up the healing process and integration so that at the end of their studies here, the people can all blend in together. so they put the kids up with families who agreed to host them while the school provides them support. >> they bring them to an
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orphana orphanage, they don't necessary do well. what is it in that society? how do you fit in with other groups? >> reporter: for now most of the children have moved on, learning to be kids again. most importantly, trying to shape their future. al jazeera, northeast nigeria. well, in part two of our series on the plight of orphans around the world, we report from cambodia where a campaign is underway to reunite children who have managed to find their parents. that's saturday right here on al jazeera. still to come on the program, we will look at whether the tomb of king tut holds the key to his mother's burial site. in sport, find out if anyone looks lively to rival mercedes ahead of the new formula one season.
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archaeologists say that more analysis is needed to establish if the tomb of king tut can reveal one of the most important discoveries of the centuries. they've been using radar technology to scan a cavity hidden behind king tut's 3,000-year-old tomb. egyptologists think it's a burial chamber housing the remains of his mother whose final resting place has long been a mystery. >> translator: it will measure the thickness of the northern wall of king tut's chamber.
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we will do another vertical scan to see if another chamber exists behind it. it's time to get all the sport. here's andy in doha. >> thank you so much, barbara. fight for pay equality in u.s. football may continue for some time to come. members of the women's team file a complaint paid a fraction of their male counterparts. u.s. soccer is refuting the claims. >> american striker alex morgan breaking another u.s. record by scoring just 12 seconds into this olympics qualifying match last month. the u.s. women's team is drawing fans to the stands and beyond. their victory last year was the most watched football telecast in the u.s. ever, topping the american audience for my men's final match. the women players complain their male counterparts last year were paid four times as much money, even though the females generated millions more revenue. the women earn $2 million for
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winning the 2015 world cup compared to 9 million collected by the men in 2014 when they were knocked out early. >> just coming off a world cup win, and the pay disparity between the men and women is just too large. >> acting on behalf of the full team, five players say in a complaint with the u.s. equal opportunity employment commission that the disparity violates u.s. pay equity laws. >> in the past u.s. soccer has always used revenue generation as a reason as to why the women weren't paid as much as the men. i honestly feel that now that excuse no longer exists. >> the complaint is strategically timed coming amid fears the women's professional union may go on strike threatening its appearance in the rio olympics in this august. u.s. soccer federation sued the women's union to enforce what the governing body arguing is a collective bargaining agreement until next year.
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u.s. sommer hasn't seen the complaint adding it was sfoined in the women's actions. tim howard the men's national team goalie said they support the women's fight. >> anytime there's a labor dispute, athletes should fight for their rights, men or women. gender aside, they should fight for what they believe and what is fair compensation. so i have no problem with that. none of the men's players have a problem with that at all. >> this gender equity legal expert says the women have a good case. >> i think that the u.s. soccer federation will have a difficult time showing that that is a justifiable disparity. >> reporter: the equal employment opportunity commission will investigate this complaint, but it is under no deadline to reach a decision. in the meantime, this case has worsened the already serious friction between american football administrators and their most celebrated players. tom ackerman, al jazeera, washington. >> rich nicholls is the executive director of the women soccer players association and
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joins us live from dallas. how reluctant were the players to take this step of legal action? >> well, it was something that wasn't done willy-nilly. there was a lot of consideration that went into it. the decision was made primarily because we've been -- we've had a few negotiation sessions with u.s. soccer with regard to a new cba and it became quite clear that they had no intention at all of entertaining the proposal we put forth back on january 4th for an increase in pay, and they made it quite clear, in fact, their response was -- first their response was filing a lawsuit against us on february 3rd at the end of our first day of negotiations to try and enforce the old cba that expired at the end of 2012 with the old compensation provisions in it. a couple weeks ago they made it clear they that you will our salary proposal was irrational and they weren't going to entertain that proposal.
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with that, the decision was made by the five players to file the eeoc complaint on behalf of the entire team. bottom line is it's equal pay for equal play, and that's what the players want. >> some u.s. soccer leaguers have said comparable revenues for the men's team over a multi-year period were more than for the women's team. is that a fair argument? >> well, you know, we used their numbers. they released their own financials a couple of weeks ago much to our surprise frankly. we used their numbers which clearly show last year the u.s. soccer federation operated at least $17 million of profit wholly based on the performance of the women's national team last year. so if they refute their own numbers, they can. those are the numbers that we used, and we're going to continue to use those numbers to get the equal pay for equal play proposal approve. >> i'm sure it's not something the players want, but is strike action a possibility? >> we're going to leave all of
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our options on the table. we always reserve our rights to do what we have to do to get what we need to get. >> rick nicholls, executive director of the women's soccer player association in the united states. thank you so much for joining us. >> thanks for having me. a formula one boss admitted the quality of show his sport is putting on isn't up to standard, and the first practice session of the new season has done little to dispel that argument. ahead of the grand prix, the mercedes pair of lewis hamilton dominated the two practice sessions last week and f-1 drivers said the sport's governing body was obsolete and ill-structured. now engs england and the west indies are battles training ahead of the world 2020 final. the west indies knocked out host india on thursday. when india's captain was pressed
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on his future plans, it led to a rather unexpected exchange with a journalist. >> you gave everything in the game. do you want to continue on after the tournament? >> come on here. let's have some fun. come see me. come. >> you want me to -- >> no. i just want to ask you. >> i was hoping it was a country where you have a brother orson who can play for india. do you think i'm unfit looking at many running sf. >> no, very fast. >> do you think -- >> yes, sure. >> then you answered the question. >> thank you. >> are you forgetting something? >> the world's best female surfers are competing at a famed
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australian break. bell's beach in victoria is the second stop on the world tour, and californian courteney got the better of local hero in the final here. she moved to the top of the overall standings, and here she is ringing the traditional bell offered to the winner at this event. that's how sports looks for now. thank you very much for that. that's almost it for this news hour. back now to south africa. you can see that senior members of zuma's anc party, that's the african national congress, are speaking now. in the past hour or so we heard from president zuma himself. this all relates to the fact that the constitutional court has found that he did use government money inappropriately in doing up one of his residences. now, he defended himself in the speech that he gave about an hour ago. we'll have more reaction to that here on al jazeera. thanks for watching.
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>> [chanting] yes we can! >> an historic election. >> you and i, we're going to change this county, and we will change the world. >> monumental decisions. >> mr. president, there's a one and three chance of a second great depression. >> first-hand accounts from the people who were there. >> their opinion was shocking. >> the challenges. >> he said, "i am president of the united states and i can't make anything happen." >> the realities. >> he stood up and said, "that's it, i'm finished." >> al jazeera america brings you independent reporting without spin. >> not everybody is asking the questions you're asking me today. >> we give you more perspectives >> the separatists took control a few days ago. >> and a global view. >> now everybody in this country can hear them. >> getting the story first-hand. >> they have travelled for weeks, sometimes months. >> what's your message then? >> we need help now. >> you're watching
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al jazeera america. ♪ >> i did not act dishonestly. >> south africa's president apologizes for confusion over upgrades to his home, but defends his actions. >> hello, i'm maryam nemazee. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, warnings turkey has illegally returned thousands of syrians in recent months including children without their parents. turkey's prime minister visits a day