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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  April 3, 2016 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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azerbaijan has announced a unilateral cessation of fighting in the nagorno-karabakh region. welcome, i'm peter dobbie. you're watching al jazeera life from doha. the other top stories. the syrian armed opposition group al-nusra front says its fighters have killed 50 government soldiers. the 40th paris marathon is underway with tight security. we will be in somalia where electricity costs are in the highest in the-- among the
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highest in the world the armenian defense ministry is saying the announcement by ceasefire by the azerbaijan as a trap. azerbaijan says 12 of its soldiers were killed and armenia reported at least 18 dead. both say they have been civilian characters as well. both the u.s. and russia calling for harm. the region of nagorno-karabakh is marked here on our graphic in yellow. you can see it in the middle there. this is at the center of a decade-long territorial dispute, though predominantly earth in particular armenian it was ruled during azeri forces. it has been controlled by local armenias since 1994 after an
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estimated 30,000 were killed. the shaded area is linking nagorno-karabakh with armenia. it is the buffer zone. it's controlled by armenia but it's claimed by azerbaijan. the armenian-backed government is accusing azerbaijan of violating the ceasefire. >> reporter: armenian forces report that there have been more tacks by azerbaijan's military. both sides are accusing each other of firing the first shots on saturday. they blame each other for violating a 1994 ceasefire that ended a six-year war for the regions. >> it was a violation of the ceasefire regime, the international law, international humanitarian law and geneva conventions, because whatever he has done in the zone of azerbaijan conflict was a
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manifestation of terrorism and against policy. >> reporter: some have called it a frozen conflict. it began with a decision soviet leader stalin made in 1922. he placed the mountainous ethnically armenia dn enclave into the soeft yet socialist republic. they lived in peace for nearly a century. then in the late 1980s when the u.s. sr was breaking up, they held a national referendum for independence from azerbaijan and for self rule. azerbaijan said the region did not have the legal right to do so and sent its military to retake the area. thousands of muslims from the area were forced to flee and after years of fighting and more than 30 thousand death, the region reached a truce in 1994.
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the republic is not recognised by the u.n. analysts believe the renewed sirmishes could lead to regional war >> the big question mark people worried about is that it probably wouldn't stay confined to those countries. there could be possibility of russian intervention. >> reporter: the group chaired by ambassadors tv been trying to negotiate a peace deal for years now. they're set to meet again on tuesday in vienna. even though the soviet empire has long discovered, the decisions the leaders made are still cause for those who were once neighbors to take up arms against each other looking at the role of two important regional powers, turkey and russia in the conflict. back in 1994 moscow brokered a ceasefire between the two areas
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to end a conflict. there have been a number of ceasefire violations by both sides since then. russia has a significant military presence with its two bases in armenia which is it's major strategic partner in the region. it is a business supplier of arms to both sides, but sells more weapons to azerbaijan. turkey on the other hand has been backing azerbaijan. turkey has imposed blockades on its border since the conflict began more than 30 years ago. live to our correspondent, just looking at that breakdown of who has got a vested interested in here, it looks like it has the making of some sort of proxy conflict and it has been like that for a long, long time. >> reporter: they could do. certainly the potential for this particular flare-up of violence is that it could spiral into a much wider regional war, but at the moment as far as we know it
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looks as if the triggers for this particular round of violence is local. we don't know much at the moment because this is a murky conflict that has been going on for decades and it is a hard to reach part of the world. there is a lot of information disemanation going on at the moment which is looking to muddy the waters. we've heard from the president of azerbaijan in the last few hours saying that this was a big victory for their people, but he says it was the armenians that started it although the azeris are declaring this ceasefire as long as armenians follow suit. they have said that this is an information trap and that proclamation about the ceasefire is not worth anything at all.
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the defense ministry of the self-proclaimed independent republic says that the fighting is carrying on sundays. there has been no sussation as this there is no negotiated format or template to which everyone is 100% signed up to. this area is not recognised as being a country as such. that's problem number one and 2, even when you get organizations like the oce going in they can only go so far. >> reporter: yes. the negotiations have been going on for 20 years. there is no trust on either side. it has been a situation that broadly has been kept relatively peaceful for a number of years, although there are always skirmishes along the contact line and there are often fatalities. this flare-up is far more serious than anything we have seen in recent years.
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that's why people are particularly worried about this weekend's violence. we have heard from the kremlin, vladimir putin has says through his spokesperson that all the sides here should stop their warring immediately. the two leaders of armenia and azerbaijan have also recently been in the united states and they met earlier on in the week with john kerry and john kerry urged them to finally poke this conflict-- put this conflict to bed, so settle this thing once and for all. of course what we're looking at now indicates that that ask not in the slightliest, one of them did not agree with the proposal. certainly if you look at the dynamics here, we have 20,000 armed men on either side of this contact line. you have an azari army that has spent much of the last decade
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tooling itself up into a pretty modern fighting force and a very small armed peace force. it does have a potential to get much worse thanks very much. an armed opposition group in syria says it has taken control of two areas around aleppo, the country's second biggest city al-nusra front said it has killed 50 government soldiers. aleppo is close to the border with turkey and it is strategical important. a boat full of migrants have been rescued off lesbos. greeks are struggling to cope with the number of refugees arriving in the country as they try to make their way to western europe. residents of the greek town of
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idomeni are becoming angry over the continuing presence of the refugee camp. they want the camp to be cleared saying their businesses are being badly affected. >> reporter: attitudes are changing, capacity has given way to anger. at first there was solidarity with the thousands of refugees and migrants, but now the people of idomeni are telling the government that livelihoods are at risk. some are furious. they say their quiet town no longer belongs to them. >> reporter: when they came here, we embraced them and gave them things, but now our lives are unbearable. we are scared to allow our children to play in the streets. no-one explains to us why they are staying here. >> reporter: the refugees and migrants have been living in the fields close to the border for weeks. farmers have lost their income. they can't plough their land. the people in the village say the refugees have been stealing
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their chicken and for the past two weeks the rail line have been blocked by those stranded in greece. they hope to the protest action will pressure the e.u. to open its borders, but it is adding more pressure on this country's already fragile economy. >> translation: we are now forced to rerout our produce. this means extra cost. we are paying 25% more and it takes longer to deliver the goods. >> reporter: greek police have tried to move people from the tracks. they failed because people resisted and authorities have said that they have no intention of evacuating idomeni by force. this used to be a transit camp. it is now who home to more than 12,000 people. a few hundred agreed to move to centers prepared by greek authorities. the majority of people here are reluctant. activity vifs in the camp are blaming the ue for a lack of transparency. they have set up this
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information center to explain to those trapped in greece their official options. >> our message is let all the people in. there is no full europe or something like this. it doesn't exist. our message is listen to the people here on the ground that are stuck, that are not treated according to human rights. their life is put on hold. a procedure that is set in place for people to access greek asylum system does not washing fall >> reporter: they say - --ing work at all. >> reporter: they block the area hoping authorities will act. once left, refugees and migrants make their way along what has become a road to nowhere there are also concerns about the growing number of refugees in western turkey. about 300 people demonstrated against the setting up of registration steps and the building of refugee camps.
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they will house refugees to be sent back to turkey. >> translation: first of all, we don't know who these people are. there are not only syrians in that group, there are members of the p.k.k., even people from zimbabwe. nobody know whose they are. how can i be sure they are not terrorists? >> translation: we feel sorry for the migrants, but we all know these policies are wrong. there is no need to say more brussels airport has reopened to a limited number of passenger flights. some of the first people flying out of the airport have started arriving for their journeys. extra security measures have been put in place. the fart ur hall was partially destroyed 12 days ago when suicide bombers attacked it. the metro attack was also targeted. 32 people were killed in both attacks the paris marathon has
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begun. there are some early finishers. there has been heightened security. at least 57,000 people are expected to take part. our correspondent is on the race route with this update. >> reporter: the organisers say that security has been considerably strengthened for the race, the 40th marathon. when we were at the start of the race, we saw a handful of police in uniform. we saw on the top of the top of a building somebody with binoculars watching on. when speaking to some of the competitors, they say that they feel safe, that they were determined to take part in this race and also some of the people who have come to watch this, one couple i spoke to said you couldn't let the actions of
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terrorists dictate where you go and watch this kind of event still ahead on this program, turkey pledges to rebuild the ancient city of diyarbakir which has been destroyed by months of fighting. we will tell you how a crisis in an argentina school means the loss of education for many children.
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the top stories. the armenian defend ministry is
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saying the ceasefire called by azerbaijan is an information trap. dozens of people were killed by bodies sides on saturday. al-nusra front says it has taken control of two areas around aleppo. it has killed 50 government soldiers in the southern aleppo countryside. runners taking part in the 40th paris marathon is taking place under tight security. the turkish prime minister has promised to build diyarbakir. it has been left in ruins as our correspondent explains. >> reporter: this man is now in debt. his small shop and café were closed for months. fighting between security forces and the p.k.k. has stopped and although his business is open
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again, he is not happy. >> translation: the people have nothing. they were hungry. there was to work or anything. i'm in debt. i'm relying on my credit card and i don't know how i will pay back the bank. the government has to help us >> reporter: he is not alone. people people in the diyarbakir historic part been affected. the district here is the hardest hit. the government imposed the curfew in late 2015 and launched a military operation targeting p.k.k. members and affiliated groups. the fighting went on for months, house to house, street by street. local aid groups say between 40,000 to 50,000 people were forced to leave. the damage is estimated to be tens of millions of dollars. over two weeks ago the occur fight r few was lifted and life is slowly returning to normal.
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but tensions remain. some areas remain dangerous. some areas within the district here remain under curfew. the government doesn't allow anyone to go back to that area. as you can see, there are barricades still set up. turkey's prime minister has promised to kerb what he called the terrorism of the p.k.k. speaking from the city's historic part, me pledged to rebuild diyarbakir. >> translation: we will not leave it as it is now. in the way that the terrorist ruined and left it. we will reconstruct it in the best way possible. >> reporter: but not everyone here trusts the government. >> translation: the fighting was like eye living hell. this is dirty politics from both sides. no, i don't believe what the prime minister says. >> translation: i will trust him when i see everything is
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rebuilt. >> reporter: the issue is like a bleeding woun. the p.k.k. has been fighting for over 30 years. a fragile peace process collapsed last year. restoring trust will take much more than rebuilding homes and livelihoods thousands of supporters of the former colombian president have been protesting against the government. they oppose ongoing peace talks with the farc rebels and believe they will not result in justice. our correspondent has more now. >> reporter: venting anger and frustration at a president that they see as a traitor. thousands of supporters of the right wing party of former president took to the streets in over a dozen cities and towns across colombia. they're protesting against the policy trying to reach a
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negotiated peace with the biggest rebel group in the country, the farc, to whom they feel he has given too many concessions. >> translation: the president is selling the country to the rebels underneath the table. this peace process is a lie and all colombians know that. we need help or we will episode up like venezuela >> reporter: many demonstrator is had the jersey of the football team while killing on the president to -- (end of session) captions brought to you by pacific transcriptions solutions. up like venezuela. >> reporter: police men and soldiers came in their uniform in support of those accused of violations. this shows how divided they are when it comes to the peace process and they're a show of strength by supporters at a time when the president's approval rating are at an all-time low. >> in any other country in the world it would be inconceivable that such large numbers of the
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population would march against peace. this is kind of a push to pressure the process and to see how much leverage he and his party can gain in terms of stirring up opposition on the part of the population. >> reporter: recent economic worries and delays in the peace process are providing fertile ground for increased frustration felt by many people. an eventual peace deal will have to be submitted for a popular vote and in a country as divide as this one, the result of that vote will be far from certain. -- divided as this one the former brazilian president lula da silva says he will take up the job. he made the comments in a rally. he was under investigation for corruption, was barred from the post by a judge. on thursday brazil's supreme court removed the judge from the case. dilma rousseff is fighting
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impeachment. education standards in south america are among the lowest anywhere in the world. now once a nation that prided itself on its educational system, the past 20 years has seen a steady decline in standards and the latest studies paint a bleak picture for the youth of argentina. >> reporter: four hours away by boat from the nearest town, in han area filled with small rivers and islands, these children are trying to make it to school. it is in places like this where people say the education system is in cry sigs. >> translation: we have problems with the ceilings of the school, electricity, drinking water. now there is apron with dengue. we do what we-- - is a problem with dengue. we do what we can but it is a challenge >> reporter: it is not just infrastructure. the delta area is so isolated that teachers have to sleep here
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all week so children can have classes every day. many have told us that sometimes going on strike is the only option they have. >> translation: teachers go on strike to demand better conditions, better salaries. the building is in very bad condition. there's no gas or electricity. getting a boat is difficult outside of school hours. >> reporter: 40 minutes away, another school. headmistress says the problem is there is no drinking water. water is brought in cans, but now there is a shortage because of unpaid bills during the previous administration. >> translation: getting drinking water is a challenge. we don't have a water sanitation system so it's difficult. that's what we need. we're trying to give children a good education, but teachers should have better salaries. >> reporter: there's more than ten schools in the area and what
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happens here is a reflection of what has been going on across the country for a while. school here is starting early in march, but many institutions around this area remain closed because workers have gone on strike. it is estimated that last year children missed around two months of school because of strikes and problems with infrastructure. latest international tests have shown that the situation has affected education here. argentina, colombia and brazil are amongst the lowest ranking countries in the world. >> translation: education should be a state issue. public education is important because it is the only one that can bring equality, because rich and poor children are getting the same. this is not happening in argentina. >> reporter: that's why immediate change is needed so that these children can get the education they deserve south africa's national assembly speaker says the motion
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to impeach the president will start on tuesday. a ruling by the country's top court found that he had violated the constitution when he refused to pay back public money spent on human renovations. he has since apologised for using the 16 million dollars of state funds. in niger the president's second five-year term is underway. he has been sworn in after winning 92% of the disputed elections of last month. the voter turn out was low and the opposition boycotted the process alleging the poll was rigged. somalia has some of the expensive electricity in the world. a kill awatt can cost $1 an hour. customers are saying they're being held to ransom by companies wanting to make quick profits. >> reporter: these electricity workers in mogadishu are in a hurry. they are trying to connect more families to the electricity grid. business has never been better. that is because many people are
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returning to the city because of improving security. the companies which use diesel generators are also benefitting from the global oil prices. the electricity here is still expensive. >> translation: we charge everybody what they use. our electricity is the cheapest in the condition p country. we think our customers can afford our price. >> reporter: electricity is a luxury that many people here can't afford. on average a kilowatt of electricity can cost as much as $1 an hour. that's five times more expensive than in kenya and five times more expensive-- ten times more expensive than the united states. >> translation: they charge me between 35 to $40 a month. if i want to change companies, they will charge me a disconnection fee which i can't afford to pay, so i'm forced to stay with them. >> reporter: some businesses in the city have taken matters into their own hands. this man bought a diesel
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generator for his ice-making business. >> translation: they give you electricity when they want and they stop it when they want. if i was to use this company's my electricity bill will increase by more than 80%. >> reporter: the industry ask not regulated. >> reporter: more than seven electricity company operate in the capital. all of them are owned by private individuals, but officials tell us the companies operate without a licence and pay no taxes and customers say the electricity companies charge them whatever price they want. the government said it is a way of consumers complaints and is looking into it. >> the only thing we can do and the only thing we want to do is provide the legislation - bring about legislation that will monitor these companies that provide electricity. we hope that these legislations once passed by parliament will affect the price of energy. >> reporter: the companies say they're doing their best to
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lower their prices. consumers hope that is sooner rather than later do checkout the website. it's always there for you. lots of news 24/7. that's here's the problem, some patients can't get it fast enough to save their lives. much of the recent outrage orover rising rice rising pricer prescription drugs is martin screlling.


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