Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 12, 2016 5:00pm-6:01pm EDT

5:00 pm
this is al jazeera. ♪ ♪ hello, i am lauren taylor this is the news hour live from london. coming up. fighting flares around the strategic city of aleppo in syria, just days ahead of a new round of peace talks. a stark warning from the i.m.f. about the impact the refugee crisis could have on the global economy. the push for greater trans marijuana is a at the u.n. the candidates for the top job begin to put forward their case. and a hero's welcome for the
5:01 pm
former or gun tin vinnie president ahead of a court appearance on money laundering charges. i will be here with all the day's sport including real madrid and manchester city of the english premier league book their spots in the semifinals of the champions league. ♪ ♪ there has been a surge in fighting in syria just a day before a new round of indirect talks gets underway in geneva. syrian government forces and their allies have launched an offensive to retake the strategic down south of the city of aleppo. it lies along the highway between aleppo and the capital damascus. pro-government forces say they have made advances but al-nusra front has managed to remain in control of the area. turkish government, meanwhile, says its forces have responded to a cross-border rocket attack. turkey fired shells against isil targets after a rocket struck a
5:02 pm
town. the latest in the series of attacks against turkey from isil-held territory. representatives from syria option opposition have now arrived in geneva ahead of the latest round of talks aimed at ending the conflict. this report from charles stratford on the situation in aleppo. >> reporter: the free syrian army fighter fires at targets in the streets of aleppo. alliances are changing in the city. these men say they are aiming at kurdish y.p.g. fighters. the free syrian army says the y.p.g. have allied themselves with government forces around aleppo in recent weeks. the u.s. supports the y.p.g. in its fight against isil and the al-nusra front. this flag shows an area controlled by the syrian military. there are various anti-government groups fighting for control of aleppo. it's believed around 65,000 families remain in the city. he and his family shelter in a
5:03 pm
cave that was convert ed in to a carpentry, they have been here for three years. >> translator: don't be afraid, my son, he says. there is no running water or electricity across the city. >> reporter: we had to convert in washing machine in to a wood burner to keep warm at night he says. >> translator: when the bombing starts, we hide in the car present tree. it's a room inside the cave. it's terrifying. we never go out. >> reporter: the partial ceasefire was supposed to allow more humanitarian aid n but the fighting and various armed groups competing for control has made that difficult. >> translator: the road is the main road in to the city of aleppo. if it is closed, there will be no more roads in or out. you have absolutely no other way. >> reporter: these are fighters with al-nusra front, they control some areas in the south of the city. no ceasefire for us, this man screams.
5:04 pm
back on the streets, the fighting continues. there is a sniper, i can't go out says this f.s.a. fighter. he says two of his sons don't speak anymore. he says they live in perpetual fear and like thousands of other families across this besieged city, they have nowhere else to go. charles stratford, al jazeera, southeast turkey. the syrian conflict and offensive against isil are expected to be some of the main issues discussed between saudi arabia's king and turkish president h erdogan. the saudi mark arc is in turkey ahead of thursday's heads of state meeting for the islamic corporation. turkey and saudi arabia are both involved in the effort getz against isil. in february the saudis flagged the possibility of sending ground troops in to syria to fight the armed grew, sue is
5:05 pm
following the story for us from ankara. >> reporter: relations between turkey and saudi arabia have improved immeasurably over the last year. this is very clear to see as king salmon made his visit to ankara. he was afforded full ceremonial orders with a mounted guard bringing him here to the palace before he then inspected the presidential guard. it was clear it see that this bond had grown between the two leaders. the king salmon referring to president erdogan as his brother and his close friends, they then went in to the al as where the king was given the highest award in turkey a ceremonial medal. then they went in for talks. where they discussed the region's problem, the war inside syria and the relationship between turkey and egypt. the saudi monarch came straight here from kyrie and is really encouraging the turkish president to try to improve the relations between those two
5:06 pm
nations. there is much more here to come on the al jazeera news hour. >> reporter: i am barn bee phillips in london a city we growing reputation as a safe haven for stolen money. planning the reconstruction of a country averaged by war, u.n. officials discuss how best to help libya get back on its feet. plus. i am in doha and i am finding out what it takes to be a world cup referee. ♪ ♪ authorities in the southern italian island of sicily have been accused of tricking asylum seek nurse to signing aware their rights by agreeing they have come to europe to work. the human rights lawyers say thousands of people have had their claims refused and are stranded. lawrence lee reports from sicily. >> reporter: the huddled masses who once again are arriving by the hundred in sicily. these are almost all somali and eritrean. and off they go to be processed.
5:07 pm
but soon the authorities will want to know what their story is. and that's becoming continue vercontroversial. he arrived last september, his case is one of many allegedly exposing an official trick, being played on would-be asylum seekers. and then where did go to mali? >> yes. mali. >> reporter: where after that? >> mali to enter queen a. >> reporter: he tried to find work from senegal to mali to libya but the dangers drove him to usual up. he's quite clear he believes himself a refugee not an economic migrant. >> they take people to attack take things if they see that you have a good car, they take your car. you do not do anything. >> reporter: when he arrived he was asked to fill out a form under the section why are you in italy, the first option says to work. he said, well, yes, of course.
5:08 pm
his asylum claim was rejected. the point about this form is that it plays on the desire of new arrivals to say the right thing when they first come to italy. and yet if an official says to you do you want to work, now that you are in the european union and you say yes, and he ticks the box, you have automatically undermined your ona sigh lum claim and that is happening to hundreds of people every month. his lawyer says it's design today make asylum seekers sign away their own lame. >> translator: they were asked if they want to work in italy they said, yes, sure. they were classed as economic migrants not asylum seekers. we have met many children considered as adults and rejected. >> reporter: those who claims fail are not deported but are stuck. on the roadsides young men seek illegal work picking oranges the farmers pay them in packs of
5:09 pm
cigarettes. >> i tkhaoeurpl gei came here tr life. because in my country there is nothing there, no food, severing. that's the reason i came to it this play. >> reporter: we asked the authorities what they had to say? but nobody was authorize today talk to us. meanwhile, thousands like this are now marooned not in the sea but on land. laurence lee, al jazeera, sicily. the international monetary fund has warned the refugee crisis is causing a rising tide of inward looking nationalism. in the latest world economic outlook, alan fisher has more from washington, d.c. >> reporter: the international monetary fund says the global refugee crisis is a humanitarian disaster. it insists the huge number of refugees running from the fighting in syria is not just a european problem but an international one. and it says it also brings with it huge financial concerns.
5:10 pm
>> it has challenged the e.u.'s ability to preserve open internal borders and as the incidents of terrorism has increased the strains have only runs. coupled with other economic pressures, the result in europe has been a rising tied of inward looking nationalism. >> reporter: the i.m.f. says the issue you of nationalism runs through the u.s. election campaign. although it mentions no names, bernie sanders who is running for the democrat nomination and donald trump on the republican side in various forms have argued against global trade. >> we are going to make great trade deals, we are going to have apple building their product in the united states not in china and vietnam and all of them. >> reporter: but the most obvious example of such inward nationalism cited is in the u.k., the country is about to decide whether fukudome it will leave the european union and vote in a referendum in two months. >> a breck it's vote would lead to a 2-year process.
5:11 pm
of renegotiation in which it seems unlikely we can't presuppose what would happen. that britain's status would not change. and this would have a big effect on u.k., it's european partners, in fact on countries more globally. >> reporter: the report says the prospect for global economic growth with be impacted by factors that are not economic. the i.m.f. says there is the growing fear of terrorism and climate change. it has lowered its estimates for growth in 2016 but says things will be slightly better than last year. but it insists the global growth has been too slow for too long and too many people are feeling it. allen fisher, al jazeera, at the i.m.f. in washington. there is growing pressure for a woman to be ban ki-moon's successor as general of the united nations, since are the
5:12 pm
job was established in 1996 and since then all eight have been men. this time around half nominated are women. breatdirector general of unesco. also a pair of former for be ministers from eastern europe. helen clark is another strong candidate. she was new zealand's prime minister for nine years and hits the u.n. program. of the men. then another candidate with strong u.n. credential the former portuguese prime minister. until recently he was u.n. high commissioner for refugees. for more let's speak to a professor of international compliment cam he come my at the university of oxford. thank you very much for being with us. this time around it's a slightly different process, they are asking public hostings and women candidates but how different do
5:13 pm
you think the process will be in the end? >> it's great to see eight candidates presented their c.v.s and positions this is the first time this has happened. african bank did this last year. what's different is when you open up the process and make it one where people actually scrutinize the candidates, you do tend, even in small firms to attract more women candidates. so there is something in the process itself. but i am sure everybody noticed as you read out the names of candidates, that there is a big eastern european majority. and that's because the word on the street is that this time around, that the resolve to have an eastern european second general of the united nations, so there is it's not strictly open. >> what steps do you think would be to improve the process further. you are suggest that go in the end they have to do deals behind closed doors if they are aiming to an eastern european candida
5:14 pm
candidate. >> reporter: well, we did a report on leadership and looked at the evidence and the most important thing of all is to actually define what the job is. we neat a secretary general that can do two things incredibly effectively. one broker consensus among states and governments. so that means somebody who can really engender trust. and other is to really manage a very large bureaucratic organization effectively. somebody who has got impeccable management credentials and once you layout that, the best possible thing you think do with the process is 34567 the need for those qualities with the actual candidates and not just the reputations but their actual experience, they have demonstrated outcomes of what they have done previously. >> from your sort of experience of it, then, when you looked at the list and possibly the wildcards who don't figure on the list at this stage, what is your thought on who might be the favorite? >> very hard to say. too soon in the race. but as i said, great to see the
5:15 pm
candidates being openly nominated and openly scrutinized. and i certainly hope that the candidate that's chosen will be subjected to the same open scrutiny. whether it's one of these eight or a subsequent addition. >> and tell me in terms of the deals behind the scenes, is this suspicion that the security council in the end, the players like russia and the u.s. will want to kind of -- they'll be saying i don't like your candidate, i don't like your candidate, they have to come up with someone else from the outside? >> definitely. i mean, they will be negotiating with the candidates, trying to work out which candidate will most likely do their bidding or not cross them when the need arises. and, of course, that's the opposite to what a really great secretary general needs to be able to do. they need to be able to not create conflict but they need to be able to have the spine to stand up to great powers when the need arises and to, as i said, to broker consensus among them. >> thank you very much indeed for joining us with your thoughts, really appreciate it,
5:16 pm
thank you. >> thank you. now, following the revelations of tax dodge in this panama papers like the european union will introductioned increased transparency mesh fours large companies firms with sales of more than $850 million will have to detail how much tax they play in each country including specific tax havens it only applies to activities one the e.u. it's estimated as much as $80 billion a year in lost in corporate tax savoy dance. among the 11 million documents released as part of the panama papers were detailed on how international investors put huge sums of money in to british property. thousands of properties in london are bought in the name of offshore companies that means finding the name of the real owners is impossible. barnaby has be been on the tour of london hosted by anti-corruption activists. >> reporter: this was not your normal bus tour of london. we drove through the city's most exclusive neighborhoods and saw a series of lavish houses,
5:17 pm
owned, we were told, by oligarchs and sheiks, as well is foreign politicians whose official salaries are only a tiny percentage of the values of the london properties they have bought. >> it's been flooded by money of unknown origin and there is a very good reason to suspect that a lot of this money is dirty. it's coming from countries where it's been stolen from its people. and it's been invested here, primarily in properties by klepto contracts, people who run these countries and use their power to booze their power to steal from their people. >> reporter: this row of properties is reportedly own by the ukrainian oligarch. once a key player in the murky world of ukrainian gas. the united states tried to extradite him from austria on bribery charges with which he strongly denies.
5:18 pm
the law firm wrote that mubarak, son of the former egyptian leader was listed as a resident of one of the houses behind the plastic sheeting. the authorities and few questions about the ownership of offshore companies and, of course, it's a wonderful investment climate because property just goes up and up in value. we were joined by an opposition member of parliament who fights for greater accountability. >> the people who suffer most are the poorest people in the world and those are those living in the poorest countries, because there is nigerian money here, for example, that money that comes here is mon that i cannot be used to provide public services to really needy people in the developing countries. they lose three times more in tax avoidance than they get in international aid. >> reporter: in one month's time
5:19 pm
the british government will host a major international conference on corruption. the prime minister, david cameron, is keen to portray himself as a champion in the fight against money laundering and bribery. so london's growing reputation as a safe haven for stolen money is awkward for the british government. barnaby phillips, al jazeera, westminster in central london. the u.s. military says it's reviewing its peacekeeping operations in egypt's sinai peninsula, americans troops have been based there sin 1976. around 700 u.s. peacekeepers are based in the sinai. the pentagon says its notified east i didn't want and israel of its decision. >> first of all, this is not done in response to any real or perceived threat by isil forces on the ground in the sinai. this is part of an ongoing effort, again minding, our
5:20 pm
understanding, to look at how to modernize the m.f.o. what i can say is in no way does it speak to a lessening in our commitment to the objective of the m.f.o. mission. it doesn't in any way signal a plan to withdraw from the sinai. the u.n. mission to libya and britain are hosting a meeting in tunis, delegates from more than 40 countries are discussing how to help libya's government of national accord. it comes off u.s. president barack obama admitted his biggest mistake was failing to plan for libya after the fall of muammar ga daphne 2011. we have a report from tunis. >> reporter: libya's unity government has international political support. now it needs action, that's what this meeting is about. plan to this he reconstruction of a country ravage booed by five years of conflict.
5:21 pm
>> our objective is to bring pros pair toy, security to the libyan people. this meeting today is aim today try to focus how we can do that most effectively. >> reporter: in tripoli libyan politicians welcomed the italian foreign minister. the first senior western official to meet the new libyan administration since it moved to the capital. but it still is facing opposition from factions in tripoli and doesn't have the backing of the rival parliament in the eastern city of tobruk. if it's to win the confidence of the libyan people, it needs urgent financial aid. >> translator: as a result of the falling oil exports which is the main source of ref knee of the budget and the decrease of its price for a long period, also other sources of revenues have almost vanishs as a result dysfunction of our institutions in the absence of the rule of law. >> reporter: many countries are now offering money and support to libya. they say it's better late than
5:22 pm
never. diplomats here admit not enough was done to plan for a post qaddafi libya they are trying to get things right now five years on, but libya is divided, the economy has been devastated and isil is gaining more territory. the u.s. special envoy to libyans the libyans aren't ready for the help after the revolution, but they are now. >> i don't actually take the narrative that the world failed libya after the revolution. i don't accept that. i don't believe that. what i see instead is that the libyans believing in him shelves having gotten rid of qaddafi felt they had the tools in place to govern and shape their future as everyone wanted to see. but they didn't look for international support, they wanted to do it themselves and then they started fighting amongst themselves. >> reporter: that in fighting continues which is one of the reasons why this meeting is taking place in tunis and not tripoli.
5:23 pm
many important projects being discussed here won't materialize without political stability and security. al jazeera, tunis. brazilian police have arrested a former senator as part of a corruption investigation in to petrobras. federal prosecutors say he took bribes to help protect construction firm objectives to being called for a parliamentary hearing in on i huge corruption scheme at the oil giants. probe has uncovered corruption at multiple companies and the government. brazilian politicians vote on sunday whether to impeach president dilma rousseff it's claimed she illegally manipulated government accounts to cover up government shortfalls, she has lashed out at her vice president calling him traitor. for more let's go live to lucia newman in the capital brasilia. this has all getting pretty unpleasant hasn't it?
5:24 pm
>> reporter: absolutely. it's beginning to sounds more and more like house of cards, claims of conspiracies, of stretch are you, betrayal and of more conspiracy. and the president today was certainly referring when they talked to stretch are you to a leaked audiotape by the man who is her vice president of all people who has now become her new worst enemy n that tape, the vice president talks as though he had already taken over from the president after an impeachment, he would be next in line were she to be impeached. and she -- and he presents a kind of address to the nation outlining what he would do to bring this country together. she says that this is proof that they have been conspiring against her to remove her from the presidential palace that you see behind people let's hear from else the president had to say. >> translator: even before the vote on an inconsistent request of impeachment, audio was distributed where one of the
5:25 pm
leaders of the conspiracy took on the position as president of the republic. >> so how is she holding up with all of that pressure? >> reporter: you know, lauren, during that speech she made today, you could really, really see the stress. it's really taking a toll on her. she had, despite all the makeup, she had huge shadows under her eyes. she looked at times as though she was struggling not to be distracted. clearly she's under tremendous measure and stress. anybody would be in her position. this is a woman who has survived cancer, she has survived, torture when she was a left i was activist during the military dictator ship here, this is going to be perhaps the most difficult battle of her life, certainly of her political career, lauren. >> lucia newman, thank you very much. still to come on al jazeera. we are in south sudan where families are having to sends their children on to the streets to beg because food prices keep on rising. and the world number two
5:26 pm
looks to find some form ahead of next month's french open, details later in sport. telling your stories. >> somebody to care about us man... >> we're live in ferguson, missouri. >> brick by brick, i will open it. it will take more than a few rocks to stop me from doin' what i have to do. >> suddenly heroin seems to be everywhere. >> there's no way i am willing to give up my family for a drug ever again. >> i know you all have strong opinions about the border. >> i don't believe in borders. >> our government is allowing an invasion. >> i don't really know as much as i thought i did. >> people don't just need protection, they need assistance. >> what's your message then? >> we need help now. >> oh my god... the town's out of water. >> we came up here to talk to some people who are selling fresh water... fresh water for fracking.
5:27 pm
>> we are a town that greed destroyed. >> what do we want? >> justice! >> these people have decided that today they will be arrested. >> i wanted to dance, and eventually i started leaving the gangs in the street alone. >> we're pushing the envelope with out science every day, we can save species. >> i'm walking you guys! >> all i wanted to see was her walk. it was amazing. >> these were emotions that i had been dreaming about for so long. >> getting to the heart of the matter. proud to tell your stories. al jazeera america.
5:28 pm
>> al jazeera america - proud of telling your stories. >> i wanted to dance, and eventually i started leaving the gangs in the street alone. >> we're pushing the envelope with out science every day, we can save species. >> i'm walking you guys! >> all i wanted to see was her walk. it was amazing. >> these were emotions that i had been dreaming about for so long. >> getting to the heart of the matter. proud to tell your stories. al jazeera america.
5:29 pm
♪ ♪ hello again, reminder of the top torie stories here on al ja. in syria there are reports that government forces and their allies have launched a force to retake a strategic town south of the city aleppo. ahead of u.n.-brokered talks to end the conflict which are due to start in geneva. the greet government is transporting refugees to new organized camps. the process of second selecting the next secretary general of the united nations. the former prime minister is one of the candidates. a bomb blast in southern lebanon has killed a high-ranking palestinian official. the murder is thought to be linked to tensions between rival palestinian factions, the attack happen ed in the lebanese city close to two palestinian refugee
5:30 pm
camps, victoria gatenby reports. >> reporter: chaos on the streets of lebanon. this is the aftermath of a bomb attack that killed an official with the palestinian political group fatah. it's believed an explosive device was placed on his car. he was in charge of the fatah movement in the palestinian refugee camp. it's one of 12 camps in lebanon which are home to more than 450,000 palestinian refugees. there are tensions within the camps between rival factions. supporters of the palestinian authority are facing opposition from those aligned with more religiously conservative groups. each side has accused the other of targeted murders. a retired lebanese general says the escalating tension may have led to the death. >> if the assassination is a part of the conflict between the palestinian authority supporters the movement of fatah and other
5:31 pm
factions and between the fundamental assists [ inaudible ] some of them declare loyalty to isis as well. >> reporter: all this is making an already difficult situation even worse. for hundreds of thousands of palestinians living in poverty. victoria gate end by, al jazeera. video has emerged of a brawl wean two people at a campaign rally for republican presidential hopeful dawned trump. two men are seen having a heated argument in albany, new york on monday before one pushed the other in the face. it comes amid heightened attention to the billionaire businessman's campaign, his campaign manager has been charged with battery over an alleged instance in florida last month. a charge he denies. argentina's president christina kirschner is due to appear in court on wednesday to answer questions been alleged scheme to manipulate the country's current civil it's
5:32 pm
just one of a number of investigations facing her. as teresa bo reports. >> reporter: a group of men counting millions of dollars in an office. one of them is the son of a businessman close to argentina's former president christina kirschner. this video is part of evidence in a case that is known as the root of the k-money. which is an investigation in to alleged corruption that happened during the government of the nestor and christina kirschner. >> translator: i believe the case intimately link today christina kirschner because they are partners not only in papers but in other relationships. if investigations continue christina kirschner should get seriously worried. >> reporter: kirschner is subject to a money laundering investigation after witnesses testified that she was part of an operation to hide money that has been illegally obtained. she came back from patagonia on monday where thousands gathered
5:33 pm
to show support. christina kirschner is facing several investigations on wednesday she can expected to answer questions in this courthouse over a separate probe in to the sale of u.s. dollars below market rate by the central bank while she was in office. prosecutors believe that kirschner and members of her cabinet committed fraud. last week, who many say was kirschner's business associate, appeared in court after being detained. kirschner's former transport minister has also been impressed accused of corruption. he belongs to kirschner's front for victory party. he says if christina is detained, thousands will take to the streets to defends their leader. >> translator: i wouldn't discard the possibility of christina kirschner being did he sustain if that happens it will be like going back to history. she's being persecuted by judges and the new right wing government of mauricio marci. >> reporter: the center left
5:34 pm
government of christina kirschner enjoyed support among the poor and despite the corruptioncorruption allegatione remains popular among certain sectors. analysts believe she's the only serious opposition that the government of marci faces. >> translator: kirschner-ism as a movement will start to disappear, but it is a process, it may be weakened ended on you they could remain serious threats to the currents government. >> reporter: and people here say christina kirschner knows that. that's why she continues to appeal to the masses who are convinced she is under threat. teresa bo, al jazeera. more than 80% of underground water drawn from china's shallow wells is unsafe for human consumption, that's according to a government report. the water is mainly used by farms, factories and rural households, samples taken by the water ministry show high contamination levels in wells in
5:35 pm
many heavily populated areas. many depends on these shallow wells like beijing and larger cities pull their water for deeper restles reservoirs. the conservation group american rivers has just released its annual america's most endangered rivers report. the san joaquin river in the california is the second most endangered in the country. rob reynolds went to find out why. >> reporter: life blood of central california the san joaquin river flows sluggishly through 589-kilometers of mountain, valley and wetland. the conservation organization american rivers callings it one of the most united states most critically endangered waterways. >> the fundamental problem with the san joaquin is we just don't have enough without third river. right now, during the spring, when the river should have its maximum flow, we are c canoeing there 10%. 90% of the water has been
5:36 pm
impounded by upstream reservoirs. >> reporter: 70 dams capture most of the river's water and state officials allocate varying amounts for cities, farms and wildlife habitat. environmental assists say it's killing the san joaquin. >> the tragic thing interest what will happen to the san joaquin if we continue to divert water the way we have both from the river and ground water is that overtime, the river will not be able to make its journey to the ocean and we'll have stretches of the river that are totally dry. >> reporter: the river is like a watery battle ground where compete are interests fight it out. those interests include farmers who need the water for their crops, cities that need water for populations and the environment, championed by conservationists. janine jones is a senior state water on visual. >> california is a state with about 38 million people. 9 million or a little less than 9 million acres of irrigated farmland and we have the second
5:37 pm
largest number of endangered species in the u.s. and it's been a serious balancing act to try and satisfy all of those. >> reporter: many california farmers are deeply dissatisfied with their share. >> we are looking this year at a 5% water al row ovation for farm nurse the valley. 5%. >> reporter: of what you normally get. >> right, 5%. you have to keep honor chart like this. keep any of these facilities any operations move forward. >> reporter: conservationists want more water released from damndams up street farmers wante dams. we need to cap pure more water then we will have more available for the en is environment, agriculture for our communities for everybody. >> reporter: as population grows, natural habitat that rinks and demands for food rises the struggle over california's water won't. with no clear resolution in sight. a high-tech state at the mercy of mother nature. rob reynolds, al jazeera, modesto, california.
5:38 pm
joining us now from atlanta, georgia is jason. i understand that you are a refer keeper. so tell me first of what that rolen tails. >> so chattahoochee river keeper is a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting this river system that serves as drinking water for 4 million people. and there are water keepers all over the world. that try to protect every human right to water. >> the chat hoocher is having problems, what things have you witnessed day-to-day in the river? >> so the number one endangered river basin was the chattahoochee flint and appalachia cola in the southeast and the first river that starts north of atlanta is the chattahoochee river. it's one of the smallest rivers that provides drinking water to a major mel pop tan in the united states. the problem is we just don't
5:39 pm
have enough water to go around. >> what steps do you think would increase that. we saw in rob recommend go ahead's report farmer saying you need to capture more water, how does that happen? >> we have a lot of state and local leaders here that are advocating for the construction of more damns. we have more than 10 dams on the river and hundreds of other smaller reservation on the tributaries that drain to the river. the last thing we need is another dam. what we need to be doing is focusing on the low-hanging fruit and the cheaper fixes such as increasing conservation, fixing leaks in water lines and over al doing a better job of utilizing the precious water resource. in periods of drought we use and have enough to go around. >> i gather in the area you are talking about there is a legal dispute, rumbling on for ages and ages and the report says
5:40 pm
unless a negotiated settlement breaks the litigation cycle maybe long-term unforeseeable consequences, how long likely will this be broke then the near future that cycle of litigation going on between the various parties involved? >> well, the three states, georgia, alabama, and florida have been in legal battles for almost three decades now. nobody has anything to show for it exempt if a long list of legal bills. and the time is now for these three states to get together and come to a fair and sustainable water sharing plan. there is a lot of negotiations that are taking place right now between georgia and florida, but unfortunately a lot of those negotiations are taking place behind closed doors and it's not being done in a transparent manner, we don't know where we are not in terms of the currents negotiations. >> tell us about the role of the environmental protection agency in the united states where labarbera twhen itcomes to rive.
5:41 pm
one of the examples in the report is the idea of a new mining project if that's given a go ahead in one area then the river could suffer and it says that that it's recommending that the e.p.a. blocks that development, that mining project. how likely is the e.p.a. to do that? and in your experience is the environmental protection agency, does it have a big enough teeth, if you like, to look after the water supply? >> well, unfortunately, the environmental protection agency is a heavily underfunded and under staffed agency. there is not enough boots on the ground to keep track of all waterways. they issue water quality standards and guidance to the states, that they need to follow to protect our waterwayses, but waterways, but alot of these des at the local level with guidance from e.p. capacity. it will be interesting seeing to see a what happens. >> okay, jason, thank you very much for talking the time to talk to us, appreciate it. >> okay, thank you.
5:42 pm
it was one a rare sight in juba but now it's come to see children begging in the streets doing whatever they can to get enough money to buy food as the civil war in south sudan this generation that missed out on school is doing what it can to survive. anna sent this report from the south sue an capital. >> reporter: he gets by washing cars, his life wasn't always like this, he went to school and his mother provided for him and his siblings, last month she walked out and chris is now the breadwinner. >> i feel like i have no option but to work. even if i decide i don't want to work nobody will be able to support us, that's why i work in the future i hope to be able to get an education because if i don't, i will be illiterate and that won't work. people have to be educated. but if i stop working and i go to school my brothers will suffer and i will suffer as well. even if i come from school there will be no food for me to eat.
5:43 pm
>> reporter: chris doesn't know why his mother left, but he suspects that she couldn't cope anymore. the rising price of basic goods has left many families unable to named seven. even those that were relatively well off. parents sometimes have no choice but to send their children out to find money. you didn't sue use to see childn begging at traffic lights like this. it just started happening in the last six months or so the other thing that is noticeable is the children are getting younger and younger. kathy runs on orphanage in juba and says the number of abandon children being brought to her is on the rise. >> they are being abandoned because their parents don't -- are not able to loo look after . there is been a story which was confirmed there was a woman in juba who even tried to sale her children so two of her children so that she could look after one. and the situation is really getting very bad here in juba. >> reporter: chris hopes to go back to school himself one day, but his biggest fear at the
5:44 pm
moment is that his junger brothers won't learn to read or write. like so many other thousands who missed out on education because of war. al jazeera, juba, south sudan. in the philippines the government says it has killed more than 15 members of the rebel group. the government offensive began against them on saturday. in this report residents in the village say they are unwillingly being dragged in to the conflict. >> reporter: she says war has long been a way of life in her village. >> translator: last saturday i heard bombs falling again. i fled with my family. we were not able to bring anything, not evening our clothes. >> reporter: he says he has been displaced for most of his life. now in his 70s, with a heart ailment, he says he can only dream of treatment in a local
5:45 pm
hospital. >> translator: the assault has not stopped, i lost my crops during that time. and war has never ended. i have never recovered. >> reporter: it's been days since the philippine military attack positions of the criminal group. it was the worst loss of life in a single encounter for the philippine military since 2007. at least 18 soldiers were killed. >> this has been a planned operation, it's deliberate and we have been kwabd natein coordh the local government. >> reporter: villagers say the offensive means more than 2,000 people are unable to return to their homes. they remain in evacuation areas like this one, expected to stay for months with no clear idea as to when they can go home. no residents here -- now, residents tell mere there is enough food and million dollars medicine, enough to last for weeks, but they are far more worried about long-term
5:46 pm
recovery. how are they going to rebuild their homes now? and who is going to give them the money to start over with their livelihoods? for decades, this has been the frontline of every armed rebellion. the mayor says the national government lacks the political will to go after the armed group. he says his people have suffered. >> after the operation when the camp was captured by the military, everybody is happy. on the part of the government, they took the camp, after several months or two to three months a they abandoned the area. and the lawless elements are back. so there is no continuity of the program. >> reporter: every three years or so, another conflict breaks out here. locals lose their homes, their livelihoods and loved ones it's a vicious psych and yet they say there is no getting used to it.
5:47 pm
al jazeera, sound philippines. reports are just coming in that dutch military police have arrested a man at amsterdam's airport after a suspicious situation. a spokesman says officers are searching area an area where buses stop outside the main terminal. they have been on high alert since the attacks in brussels last month. so an investigation at the airport as we understand it the airport has been partially evacuated we'll bring you more on that just as soon as get it. still to come on this news hour. >> reporter: i am rory challands in moscow with a team of enthusiastic young scientists are crowd funding their own satellite which they hope will become the brightest object in the night sky. keep watching for more. we'll have action from the third stage of one of the toughest long distance races on the planet.
5:48 pm
we'll be back in a moment.
5:49 pm
♪ hello again, people in russia are celebrating cosmonaut i cans day which is the anniversary of the historic 1961 trip in to orbit. now a new generation of space engineers is making its mark, al jazeera's rory challands meets one group of scientists who are crowd funding their own satellite. 79 the young scientists call their project lighthouse or beacon because they want their satellite to be one of the
5:50 pm
brightest objects in the sky. >> it will be a breathtaking spec taming, challenging the beauty of space stars yet being create by hugh humans. you will be able to say i have lit up this star and it will be true. >> reporter: if the video feels like marketing, that's what it is because they are crowd funding their way in to space, they have passed their target of roughly two to thousand dollars on the donation's website boone starter but looking for 45,000 more on kick starter. the project leader is keen to prove that space can be for anyone. >> i try to say that time changes and space exploration has become very simple. and you can do it by yourself. you can't wait for the large governmental agencies to launch something in space. you can do it by yourself. >> reporter: this small box is actually a real sized mock up of
5:51 pm
the final satellite. when it gets to space, this compartment will open and out of it will unfurl a balloon like, supported by struts here, they are made of tape measure. you might think in the final version these tape measure struts will be replaced by something a bit more high-tech, no, they won't, they will actually use tape measures. this is one of the nice diy of this project. it has two goals, to reflect light back to the earth. the second is more experimental acting a as a thin break in the atmosphere eventually pulling it out of orbit to burn up. they don't want to leave any debris in space. >> our project does not have anything to do with state preparations. >> reporter: actually, crowd funded space projects do have their d.i.y. limits. it will still be a state russian rocket, that will blast it in o
5:52 pm
orbit. if everything goes well that will be sometime later in the year, rory challeng cal addressl jazeera russia. manchester city and real have booked their spots in the champions league. real needed two overcome a 2-0 deficit. they did it from ronaldo. winning 3-0 at home and 3-2 on aggregate. real are aiming to be european champions for an 11th team. a second half winner from devin de bruyne saw manchester city beat psg at home. 1-0 win sends them through, 3-2 on aggregate and in to the last four for the first time. one side that are not in this year's champions league is ac milan they sacked their coach earlier. he became the first san siro coach to lose their job in just over two years. despite booking them a place in
5:53 pm
the italian cup final. the serbian was removed after a run of five games without a win. >> reporter: he leads milan to sixth which is actually higher an their 10th place finish under their previous coach. the draw for the final round of asian qualifies for the 2018 world cup has taken place, there will be two groups with the top two sides going through. the third placed teams will have a two-legged playoff with the wish facing central and north america's fourth placed team. this is how the groups look, asia's highest ranked side iran are in group-actual. the biggest threat for stop spot is likely to be south korea. japan have drown in group "b" with long with australia. the soccerroos are the reigning asian champions but their coach is expecting a tough time in reaching the final. well, the possible referees for russia 2018 are already being put through their paces. technology may be playing a greater part in officiating a game. but in russia, referees will still make crucial decisions,
5:54 pm
and there is no room for mistakes. joanna reports. >> reporter: forget players like luis suarez and mar your balotelli. sometimes the most divisive characters on a football pitch can be referees. as far back as anyone can remember there have been continue very shall decision whether it comes to major tournament. takes for example, maradona's hands of god goal in the 1986 world cup. goal line senators brought in for the last world cup couldn't have avoided that mistake. and so while referees continue to be in the firing line from fans football's word governing body fifa is making sure that the men and women on the pitch at the next world cups will get it right. what makes the best referees in the world? >> not make a lot of mistake. let's say, try to reduce. impossible to eliminate. >> reporter: these are the best referees in asia, africa and oceania. and they have been brought together for fifa's first joint
5:55 pm
male and female session in doha to share their experiences. as they prepare for the 2018 world cup, and the women's world cup a year later. >> it's developing in a very similar pathway the women are getting faster. everything that's happening in the women's game has happened before in the men's game so we can definitely learn from those, their experiences. >> reporter: as well as practical sessions the refs return to the classroom to brush up on the rules. but it's not just enough to know the laws of the game, you have to be able to keep up with the pace of play too. referees can run up to 20-kilometers in a match and in some cases that's more than the players themselves. these referees are being test today speed and stamina, multiple times. still technology seems to be creeping in to the game more and more. the international football association board said in march that video assisted referees could be used for game-changing decisions in the next two years. so could these officials soon be
5:56 pm
headed in to the stands? >> i say no. i don't think so. >> reporter: why not? >> because football is played lie human beings. it's officials by human beings. >> so i think so the human nature has to be there. >> reporter: and let's not forget it's only human to make mistakes, just not too offense at world cup level. roger federer has made a successful return to competition following knee surgery. he's through to the third round of the monte carlo masters. the 17-time grand slam champion had a 10-week lay off but showed little affects of it. cruise to go a 6-3, 6-4 victory against garcia lopez. federer was laying in his first match since losing to topped-ranked novak djokovic in the australian semifinals in january. federer will be joined in the third round by world number two andy murray who had to work hard in his second round match. the scott who is seeking his
5:57 pm
first title this season had to dig deep in his tie. he eventually took the match in three sets, murray has yet to regain his form with the french open beginning next month. and defending champion russian has continued his perfect start at the world' toughest race the marathon. the local hope won the third stage of the marathon in as many stages, the month rack an maintains his overall lead of the race through the sahara desert and raic russia's natalys the leading female runner for the third day in a row. and that's all your sport for now. it's now back to lohr then london. all right, thank you very much indeed. quick reminder that there is all the sport and of course all the news that we are covering on our website. the address for that is that's it for me lauren taylor for this news hour but i will be back in a new minutes for another full roundup of the day's news. thanks for watching the news,
5:58 pm
bye for now. >> al jazeera america - proud of telling your stories. >> somebody to care about us man... >> we're live in ferguson, missouri. >> brick by brick, i will open it. it will take more than a few rocks to stop me from doin' what i have to do. >> suddenly heroin seems to be everywhere. >> there's no way i am willing to give up my family for a drug ever again. >> getting to the heart of the matter. proud to tell your stories. al jazeera america.
5:59 pm
6:00 pm
[ gunfire ] >> the place is ferguson. >> flint. >> adepot. >> baltimore. >> charleston. >> the people not economically powerful. >> not politically connected. >> not socially influential. >> the stories, social justice. refugee crisis. >> environmental racism. >> gun violence. >> global conflict. >> these are our stories, these are your stories.