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tv   The Stream 2017 Ep 147  Al Jazeera  September 13, 2017 10:32pm-11:00pm AST

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she'll give her first speech in a televised address next week about the crisis. the president of the european commission says the block is back on track after britain's vote to leave the e.u. in his annual state of the union address. said economic recovery and unity between the members means europe is now ready to move forward at least three people have died after a suicide bomber blew himself up near a cricket stadium in the afghan capital the blast happened outside the kabul international cricket stadium where a t twenty match was being paid the police two police officers and one civilian killed. the caribbean island took the brunt of harken emma's fury leaving a trail of devastation in its wake on the island of a beauty of the government estimates ninety five percent of the buildings are damaged or destroyed the storm has also claimed six more lives in the u.s. state of florida as authorities confirmed patients died in a nursing home after it lost power during the storm. there's the headlines to stay
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with us if you can hear al-jazeera the stream is up next on more news for you after that i feel. hi anthony ok i really could be a liar and welcome to a special stream master class with so much misinformation and force news circulating on social media how can you tell what's true or not well and together today on the street. i'm sure you log on to nations and i mean strange. a shark swimming down
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a highway post how it came so i would see businessmen richard branson robbed brutally beaten hiv contaminated blood discovered in pepsi products while these stories may seem real they are in fact force but thousands of people on social media thought they were true sadly the rise of social media has also brought a rise in false and misleading content so why do houses go viral and how can you tell the really incredible from the incredibly force has to teach us in boston we have to care wardle she's a director at first draft news which provides practical and ethical guidance in how to find verify add publish content sourced from social media and in london as to read a social media journalist with the press association he specializes in finding and verify and newsworthy material on social media hello everybody so alison let us jump right in we're going to put you to work right away because we asked your community if they've fallen for if social media news hoax we got this response from
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that who says of course the viral image of the sharks swimming on a freeway in texas during hurricane b. i know you probably know what we're talking about tell us why that service with every time there's a hurricane. yes so that particular picture of a shark swimming and they others put up much screen myself in fact a shark swimming in a road taken from a car of his pigeon harken katrina it's appeared in big weather events and it's just a very it gives that wow factor that's why online misinformation hoaxes that's why they do so well is cause it gives you a very strong emotional response that makes you go wow what makes you scared or it makes you angry it can be all kinds of different things and that's why it's so successful to get shot so much that because people response to in that way now if you didn't want to look like an idiot on your social media thiis and walk out is this actually happening in texas take us through our steps what you do that picture
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ok so in this case what do is test which is is very straightforward a lot of journalists who work in the space do whenever they see a picture which gives us that strong response i'm going to share my screen so i can show you that exact juncture and then we can do it ourselves we can go through the actual steps you can see one second. ok so hopefully you will now we have seen that picture we're all been talking about the shark on the freeway and the tweet says you know believe it or not this is a shark on the freeway in miami in florida now in these situations what we always do is what's called a reverse image search where basically checking to see if a picture has appeared online before and if you're using chrome you know if you don't want a different browsers i normally use chrome because all it takes to check if there's images appeared online before is to right click go down to search google for image and then it will start to do that search it will check to see whether google has
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a record of that image appearing online before and if you scroll down to pages that include matching images first one hurrican harby of a service shark swimming there are no shark swimming bhushan shark freeway focus viral again we start there all the different examples of where this picture has appeared online before i answer that this is me here yeah that's all of it again i'll do it very quickly just so everyone can see when you right click search google for image that is it and this is all it takes if you go to images dot google dot com you can do it there as well ok and that's why just clicking on the little camera icon this thing that image and then you can either upload an image or paste an image or well it does exactly the same thing and this is the most common form of online hoax kind of misinformation i would say but it's also one of the easiest to spot cat i'm going to show you this tweet justin michael i believe jason the first
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person who said it said i can harvey and he has a car as a two thousand and three tweets and a hundred forty thousand likes why would somebody do that but what is the psychology and why did we love to share it. so i was i was right when he talks about emotions and the psychology behind people who do this is they want to connect in these types of situations we want to connect with people and believe that we're the first to know some information so there are hoaxes out there who then not be there just thinking wouldn't it be fun to see whether this takes off and this particular example he was interviewed by craig silverman from buzz feed to said why would i take it down i'm never going to get that many retreats again which is really telling which is he really wanted to you know there was some fame he had of glory even if it's you know twitter glory and so i think we have to understand people do this to connect with one another and sometimes it just starts off with
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let's see if i can get away with it and then it's like well why not i'm getting some attention so i'm glad to answer that because i was actually a question we just got in a minute ago from black physicist on twitter on why people do this but she went on to say this and i'll post you clear she says one could ask is a problem hoax generators or is it leaves the information consumers and if you saw that in your timeline and you heard the news reports about how awful these hurricanes were it's not beyond the realm of doubt that you could believe that could happen. now and this is a really complex area and there are elements of this information that really are worrying their attempts to mislead and do harm i think if we're talking about shock photos like this if we have information consumers should be more critical of the information we consuming the problem is as alison said we were emotional creatures and actually i sometimes talk about if i have too many cookies i need to stop before i have my fifth cookie and i would like to know i really hungry with information we should do the same we shouldn't click reach we immediately that we
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see something we should stop and reflect and do these checks the problem is we don't work like have the thought universe of what i want to tell writing because to just like just hold yourself back and not it isn't that's what we need to do really to be aware of how emotional we are and if we feel smart we feel angry or we feel fearful it's very likely that we actually aren't being as critical as we should be so i think there's a source askance at something if i may there's a big factor there and this is something which which closed as brought up before which is the kind of the social repercussions of sharing something which isn't true in the past if someone wants to just outright lie all the time there would be negative social repercussions people would be showing they wouldn't be talked to any. online and social media that doesn't really happen and people can actually get a lot of positive reinforcement by lying like that guy who got eighty thousand reese weeks that is you know a lot of strong reinforcement for that behavior rather than i could say of one and that's something we really struggle as
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a society with now with this happening on social media and online so you just taught us reverse so just tell us about geo location. so this is something that is a slightly more advanced part of the step that we need to do when we see a new picture or video additional information we need to check that strong on especially as journalists but this is something that we should everybody should be thinking about when they're seeing a picture or a video is simply does this particular thing this particular picture or video look fits with the location that it's reporting speaking i've got an example from last year which one's going to share my screen for again. so hopefully we'll be able to see that now so we've got that one again so this was a tweet and an example shared by an excellent journalist called jen and was that she was saying this picture that she's seen on telegram on the on encrypted networks that though i supported sharing pictures of themselves with messages
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looking forward to a message from one of the heads of isis propaganda and then this picture this person claimed that they were in paris and there are the ones people in amsterdam or in germany and london and elsewhere how do we know whether this is actually the just and on not and in these cases if that reverse image search doesn't work then we need to start looking at the visual information in the image itself like where is this what are the splines what does the road look like what does the world of the the architecture look like are there any road signs are there any building signs that we can search for and in this case in particular if you can see my quarter but just behind the paper as a shotgun yeah that's the eagle eyed will recognize that as a physically sign so if we were to go to google and this is an online map and say well this is paris it's meant to be authentic you sign on to do key places in paris let's have a look you know suzuki goes to kenya paris. and it was just there are all these
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different suzuki outlets in paris and what we can do is just post comparing the what that picture says with what actually says on these maps on things like the satellite imagery and even down on street you like this example here if we drop a little street you man into it. next little and in the right place the perils of doing things live. welcome to our. right we go down the road a little bit we can see well there's a suzuki sign and there's some scaffolding in the background and actually if we compare it to that tweet there's a salute the sign there's that scaffolding in the background here is that that shop sign there we can actually see well it's exactly the same there's the duty sign there's this castle in the background and there's the shop sign and if we look around or just use some of that visual information the clues essentially they're given in in this picture and then all kinds of other pictures and videos which
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appear to be newsworthy we can trace that and search for that using things like satellite images things like street view to see if that is actually true or not. so clear i want to raise an example with you that some people may be familiar with if they spend any time at all on the internet take a look here this is from iran city bigots make up fake texas mosque claiming they refused to shelter non muslims not only that in a separate story people stormed that fake ma so here are the images of screenshots of some of those sites that proliferated this quote unquote news this is ibrahim hindy and he says that's me in that picture and i've never even been to texas before so the claim was that mosques weren't opening up their doors to survivors of the hurricane and in reality the pictures they took were of someone who one wasn't in houston and two the name of the mosque also questionable if it is a place in houston so is this a case of using geolocation to find out where that mosque is is this
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a reverse image search to find out who the person is how do you sort through this. so there are kind of three main checks that you need to look for the first one being kind of the source so when you see somebody tweet and a piece of information is on facebook looking at their digital footprint who are they would do they seem trustworthy would you expect them to be in that place double checking the date and then doing locations that thing but it really is thinking about kind of becoming a shell of homes you're looking for all the different clues the pieces of the puzzle and cross referencing and luckily now partly because of social media we have hoaxes but we also can very quickly find clues or information that kind of debunk that so in these situations you have people say hang on i was never that or that doesn't make sense because actually you know i was here and here's the evidence so there are many clues online that you can use and that's why this is is actually really fun but this is a classic example of people who are trying to so just information and kind of look for divisions that exist already in society and use them as excuses for sowing this
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type of information and that's what i worry and we have the shop pictures but actually it's examples like this we need to be really careful about i really become very good researches in terms of the information that we consume and learning what to trust and what not to trust so tell you one thing that might make it harder these tweets we've got from community members this is frank he says i've received so many whatsapp broadcasts and i feel for those because i receive them from different contacts another person throws in another challenge this is kayla who says sometimes we trust information shared by a verified account and don't bother to fact check because it's who sharing it and if it's a verified account then it's not about what's being shared it's about who sharing it so clear the legitimacy of the source of course really plays into this a lot in the unfortunately sometimes it is journalists and checkmark verified people on twitter who are sharing some of this and even at the weekend we actually had somebody part of the president's communications team sharing information saying it was miami airport and you had miami airport having to tweet now it's not so we
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think they're going well now we're really if you if you see something that shared with by somebody the verify take you still have to believe it yourself. now you have the example of showing example where so then i'll just show you here miami international airport fact checking the white house this video is not from miami international airport what about if you're looking to see of the source so you are looking to see ok is that location the right location is the picture the right picture what about the source material how do you investigate that. yes they exactly as clear pointed out we want to start looking at some of the clues what information can we find out about an individual or an account that they're. telling us that we can see on that particular page just to show my screen again and i have an example from the u.k. election this was in june on june the eighth in fact when we had our general
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election here and as example this i spotted this account fairly early on that started to spread mr rumors basically and lies about what was happening on election day if you can see and that's wheat from the screen from the account was eventually removed thank you twitter but in this case i did take a screenshot and it says you can e.t.l. type switch at the far right parties in the u.k. intimidating women and minorities outside the polling station and what still trying to confirm now is b.b.c. eliot meke he has a big b.b.c. background on there but what can we see about this account to see whether it is true or not well for one it says joined june twenty seventh seen now we were only one week into june when this general election day happened so it's a brand new account that is one big red flag if it was a legitimate journalist they wouldn't have got their first job or it's very rare unlikely that they get their first job at the b.b.c. let alone only just set up their twitter account days before the election number
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two he's posing as a reporter but you can find no other evidence of this person appearing online even the name eliot mecklenburg you know there is no evidence of an alien that can vote . firstly the profile picture doing the reverse image search on the profile picture so is this just a stop picture is just a model for someone who's you know searched for man and just took a picture from stock images and decided to use that as a profile picture if we look at the number of tweets six tweet that's all for apparently a journalist by his age maybe a senior journalist. that is the big red flag because it's so low and them just looking for all the reports of the same thing and this is what we should be doing all the time anyway you know this is what we do as journalists we rarely if ever you know publish anything that we've only heard from one person we always always always look for other reporters look for other sources telling us the same thing
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unless it's someone very trusted or not my first editor would say you know i don't care if your mom told you double for that but looking for all the reports which tell us the same thing. i like that i definitely learned that if your mother says she loves you check it out good advice for everyone i want to share some of the consequences of not checking it out and then what happens when it's shared so this is nini he says there's an earthquake hoax in ghana majority of residents had to spend their night out on parks in schools fields and that's one that we've seen in other places as well as well as new zealand here's a news article out of ghana reaching as far back as two thousand and ten on that so that consequence was people sleeping outside because they feared an earthquake here's an easy though who says social media hoax are rife in nigeria pictures of armed south sudanese men are circulated as full on the herdsman so the consequences and potential consequences there. rick layer are a lot more than simply sleeping on the street because you think the earthquake might happen and i know there are other examples of that can you talk about some of
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the impacts of this. yeah and i think it's so important to think about the global context of this issue because i think a lot of this conversation is being focused on the u.s. and the political aspects of what's happened since trumps election but anybody who lives anywhere else in the world is almost saying you know welcome to the party america we've been dealing with these issues for a long time and certainly if you look across the globe you've got attempts to really you know divide countries along nationalism lines or ethnic divisions or racial divisions and you know you contributors are absolutely right when we look at these examples you know we have seen things that we think right now in me and ma in terms of folks imagery circulating around the ring you know and with that we're seeing across the globe examples that really are kind of life and death situations they're causing people to get out in the streets and protest and i really want to be much more focused on this type of disinformation more than sharks swimming down highways and i don't i don't think that's a recognition of the scale of this and also as your contributors talked about closed messaging apps things like whatsapp or you know price like asia we've got we
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chat and viber and kick out talk and line where you're seeing a lot of this information speculating and we don't even know what those rumors are and i think that's something that as a society how do we even get a handle on that when rumors which as people we always connected by rumors and gossip but what does it mean when it travels at speed through closed messaging apps by trusted peers claire you mentioned there were here and there was something that you said share this with the master class students so comeback kid to my laptop and you'll see he was a power italy is where he burning their villages look at these two gentlemen here one has a cap on one doesn't and then just look this is what journalists already did they did the kind of investigation that claire and alice to have been telling us about then in another picture this gentleman is putting on his spray cap and then keep going one more i want to show you this is again allegedly the hinge of burning
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their own village and then. one telltale sign that journalists were investigating this picture where the what the women were wearing on their skulls is a not typical ted conference had skulls for him women so journalists are going through and saying no no these pictures fake alister what's the worst that can happen from this kind of misinformation created news that really has no substance or it can affect effects the way people treat each other reflects the way people understand each other or understand people who are different from them. we see occasionally in europe around refugees and around the refugee problem that people are sharing pictures of people there was one example people on a boat big big men on a boat in the south pacific saying that these are refugees coming to europe but they were and doing that's kind of that kind of reverse image search is how we can spot that but what ends up happening in places like burma. is they
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affect how people understand each other and it can affect how people vote and it can affect how people in some cases treat the other people in our society and that can be dangerous i mean we rely on everyone treating each other fairly and based on truth but if there's this kind of this information's being shared around and people are misunderstanding who they're dealing with on a regular basis and that can be dangerous that this is the houston news and audiences like houston is and this looks like a valid web site headline here british billionaire richard branson assaulted and robbed by gunmen in his neck island home some very disturbing pictures but there's a but here what's the bot. well i mean this is actually an older story which about some was involved in acts and about four years ago so the imagery is genuine i think sometimes when people talk about things that a fake or false this is genuine imagery it's just used in the wrong context but the
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eagle eyed amongst us might look at the u.r.l. and this is something that we should be much better at is that actually said houston chronicle hyphen t.v. dot com yes and so immediate you think well hang on that doesn't really make sense and this there's this site here i can who weighs which allows you to check when a site was registered and if you check this particular design and to domain you put the divine there and it will tell you just you just monkey and paste from the from the u.r.l. box and it will tell you when the site was created and sometimes it will tell you who's behind that site sometimes people can pay extra money to hide their privacy but what's very useful is to say what on this site was created two weeks ago show and so you would know that houston chronicle hadn't been set up two weeks ago so i think a lot of these kind of fabricated news tech sites you know we know about the macedonian teenagers during the u.s. election many of them were created only in the last couple of months and that's a big sign that we shouldn't trust them. so i want to share this with you alastair on who is responsible for making sure that we put into this in the spreading of
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so-called fake and false news coverage here has an idea personally i think it's up to the individuals to use tools at their disposal to verify thank you try masterclass teachers image search will be handy here but he goes on to say i also believe that the mediums twitter facebook etc should also watch out for hoax i counts where do you put the onus out there yeah i think i very much agree that it's so it's on all of us to look into this and it's difficult to put responsibility particularly in the hands of the networks or in the hands of the government or in terms of individual actors because giving one group or one group of people the power to say this is true and this is not it can actually be quite dangerous so it should actually be on everyone to check what information sharing is and to have some some pride in telling the truth. yes there is there are things which facebook and twitter can do in terms of the accounts which is springing up i think that's
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a very good point i actually think that's better than a lot of the content is being shared because that there's a free speech issue that can come into that when sums of hoax accounts which are regularly sharing misinformation looking into that and making sure that everyone has a handle on what is true and what is not and how to actually look out for them. something it is fast draft news dot com have a look at my web site so i can catch my breath. essential resources for reporting and sharing information that emerges online so if you've found what alastair and claire been sharing review really fascinating like how do i do that again this is a really good place to go to you can also if you've been watching our saying you'll see their twitter handles just on the need their names also them tweet them i know they will treat you back really. people are sharing what will happen if this is proliferated the worst that could happen is more violence really and we've seen
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that happen on lines of you have ideas use twitter hash tag three it's a big thank you to i guess claire wardle alice to read and we have found the show informative and use that to the muscle class is dismissed.
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a place of refuge now its streets have become a battleground. a local armed group that has pledged allegiance to ice so as to get control of a hospital. and several communities such behavior in a largely moderate country has shocked many here thousands of civilians. they're either stuck in their cars or have been walking for kilometers all they know is that. a place that they used to call home now gripped by terror. along europe's borders tensions are increasing as nato strengthens us defenses and
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russia gears up for its own of course we don't want worried about unpredictability of russia we have to be prepared and we have to react to it but will the conflict rehearsals ever translate into the real thing as they say if you don't. prepare for war people in power report the story of going on a bear hunt at this time. in the top stories around a zero the government in myanmar has one hundred seventy six range of villages and are completely empty after all residents fled the recent upsurge in violence and it says revenge of muslims have begun to leave at least thirty four other villages amid an ongoing military crackdown u.n. .

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