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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  September 16, 2017 8:00pm-8:34pm AST

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it looks like something out of a very title and its characters a desperate to live happily ever after. the patient is not so far away that it's far away for all it's into pint sized a stone has shaken off dictatorship and builds a high tech economy that's the envy of the world. about its old enemy in the east is rising again and the study is gearing up to fox. taking on the russian ban means more than boots on the ground a stony a is pushing cyber defense to the very limits. we have to be prepared and we have to react if meetings. as they say if you
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don't want to war prepare for war. every spring when the weather warms up a study is invited. in the capital telling its tourists jostling for space in europe's hot new destination a mix of medieval splendor and historical kitsch. to see. the two halves drive away in the forest there's
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a more aggressive fight for territory. these unnamed those annual war games near the russian border this year it's nine thousand troops from fifty countries. these are the market out trying alongside the a study in defense forces and the a stony and defense league a reserve abhi of volunteers. there was a student at a star in his national film school one day she hopes to be a movie director today she's learning what to do with a hand grenade explodes in front of i may have been one guy who almost hand
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and giving her state does it feel more real when you're doing this exercise is. a start he has been doing these exercise. as for fifteen years in the past three years. of conflict with russia has become much more real people have seen me an exciting crimea how price of war in eastern ukraine but downing of m. and seventeen and more recently the cyber attacks on the u.s. and france that many have blamed on russia and this is one very small country trying to work out how the friend itself from a giant neighbor. and friend decided to learn combat they were among hundreds of young women to join the league after russia invaded its neighbor crime here. just like the russians next to.
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the first. time a country people worried about a little bit like maybe it's going but no we don't know that you want to be ready yet. to actually fight you know we're working on it. that's why we're here you know for i mean that the idea. of course. war is awful and i don't want to have a war. as they say if you don't want to war prepared for war. a stone here feels it has good cools to beacons. in world war two it was invaded by the soviet union the communist empire dominated by russia.
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capo caruso was a boy when a stony a finally won independence in one thousand nine hundred ninety one. was most important doesn't understand the cost of freedom i'm thirty eight years old i remember the soviet times i remember soviet. army. and i don't want that back. he's not you know it's not granted. as a country in the world today even though he does a study on its own could never defeat russia with a population of just one point three million they're out numbered one hundred to one. we're leaving. but he believes they could inflict enough pain to make moscow think twice. if we don't actually fail to
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invade other countries the more we access the less likely somebody's birth records but i think that second guess this must be as expensive as possible. you just have to glance at the map to see why a stone is wearing. it's not only drove by russia which is nearly four hundred times its size it's seen how easily moscow can take back former soviet territory in twenty fourteen and captured ukraine's province of crimea with barely a shot. that. moscow sent in soldiers guns at popstars supposedly to protect crimea as russian.
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russian media warned they were about to be attacked by ukraine's new pro western governments. that. just anybody. russian militia surrounded ukrainian army bases as separatists held a referendum to formalize the split to me it reminds very much what happened in stoney a nine hundred forty sixteenth of june so the troops entered referendum or staged a months later and a month later we voluntarily joined so that. so the scenario is very familiar to the people in a stoner if you talk to that. county right there is a former ambassador to russia and has little trust in its president vladimir putin of course we're worried about recent steps well weren't worried about unpredictability of russia we are worried about violations of our air space we do follow rules of military exercises that do not have defensive or friendly character
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but as a rather. aggressive ones so of course we have to take that everything into account we have to be prepared and we have to react if needed and conventional war is not the only danger. the hard way that there are other ways to be attacked. ten years ago the stoney and government decided to move the statue from this park that commemorated the liberation of talent well russia was outraged. and amid fike news reports that the statue was being destroyed some russian speakers in tallinn went on a rampage more than one hundred people were injured but the main attack was on the internet. overnight web sites from an service. it's cold at the nile of service attack
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and it was launched from the addresses across europe. a star near was briefly plunged back into the pre-digital. russia's government denied any. i was a stone an ambassador to russia so of course the question of attribution who was behind those attacks was racist some of the russian officials even officials were stupid enough. to say themselves that they were behind those attacks or they were part of those attacks or that took place in those attacks. nature the western defense alliance is the first cyber war. it's set up a cyber defense century talented counter future attacks every year it stages complex cyber war games to probe for weakness. the researches help
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dystonia develop one of the world's most secure digital networks if russia's intention was to scare us tonia it backfired because it was so. out of the blue i mean like so and. it didn't affect our everyday life. too much one bank was down for one of us. no how or again so that was the maximum damage place rather than retreating from cyberspace a stern you decided to double down and make digital development the core of its new economy. the government back doubled its stock to run foreign service to prevent disruption every citizen was given a unique digital identity to access any government services on line from paying taxes to voting. helped design the system and says the public it breaks
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that people could use that they don't like benefits like eroding or like paying taxes with zero click on one click and everything happens like this. with a sharing information. government institutions sharing information with each other without any paper or like personal interference so that they like the thing there are things so fish. once high speed internet was extended to every part of the country nobody needed to line up at government offices. i had to round the trip in my children and. first stop us intake of k. and you know that there is that immigration all those ropes forming the line and and my to them asking me like father what is this. it's a queue what is it. because they have never seen
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a queue i mean they obviously have seen their likes seven eight person standing in the grocery store like and waiting but they organized visit ropes. never never seen it all happens online. a study here is now one of europe's most wired countries this former soviet industrial states new talent airport is becoming a new silicon valley. we caught up with kalpoe caruso the machine gun we filmed in the forest these are software consultant there are like hundreds of services the countries offering us the government is offering us. companies like our company and we can use them for free and deliver our own thing which which is really really smart them secure and reliable so you basically leap frogged from being a fairly backward soviet economy to being
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a very bad start technically you know we're we have not joyce we have to do something right little stonier has developed some of the world's biggest digital products like the video calling service skype. but even as it looks to the future there's always one eye on the soviet past which is why campo alternates his hips the uniform of jeans and t. shirts with military fatigues. but not everyone here feeds russia. less than three hours drive from talent is the old fortress town of navarre on the russian border. it's just two hours drive from here to russia's second city's pages but. ninety percent of novice residents big russian most like rather major dark off feel
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russian that their risky quarter to get got a commercial growth could work better but on the. look at the record shows you tell your story new york about more than a quarter of the stern is population hails from russia as in crimea many of their families moved across in soviet times when they were the same country now the us and its neighbor evander it were effectively the same town. but in the one nine hundred ninety one it was suddenly cut off people now need visas to visit family and friends across a heavily patrolled border. yes so some use it was done through school so this was also used to get out and. who was doing it. despite find himself on the a stony and side light m.h.l.
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dark off remains proud of his heritage. yet twice a week he rehearsals with a russian folk group in novice casal assume. of a long history of conflict. danish occupiers build it in the thirteenth century as they advanced on russia in the fifteenth century the third built an even bigger fortress directly opposite it's now the only place in the world where two fortresses facing each other across a border. not of the. most it's a good you know you can see. what you do which used to look at it is still in use but i wanted it doesn't conflict you come. to them you know.
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and i see thank you to you and you. of course russia did support separatists in ukraine and georgia but the russian community here is different nobody is that keen to rejoin the motherland. katori. not rushed at. cream. at the bit. bustle it can you let us go over from year. to see. that which is. why he doesn't see trouble coming from the russian side he does blame one group for stirring up the neighborhood nato.
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because the sopranos not to do. you not ask you must know. this he is nato operation was called springs story two weeks of war games leading up to a major battle. or profession the commander of the defense forces general retired terrorists told us it was minor compared to what russia was planning for september russians are exercising more than a hundred thousand people so it is i think the only question i can see is if we don't do anything i think ukraine provoked enough in crimea not doing anything so no procreation from our side you're ready yes we're ready we're prepared for it.
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but this year vladimir putin wasn't the only president causing. u.s. troops were taking part in the games but their new commander in chief donald trump that's called nato obsolete while praising putin. a stone is in the suburbs of st petersburg his campaign team and even questioned if the u.s. would defend the night a member. i'm not sure i would worst nuclear war. over some place which is the suburbs of st petersburg. this year's war games were appointed demonstration that nato would fight a conventional. a major battle and spring storm inside the battle against this well they know
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me. they said yesterday just blanks but otherwise everything is going to be as real as possible. battles as soon right around us. we find ourselves. being hunted down by brits eat anything anything. meaning you. see anything. funny. if you. think it's not. unlike the real war it's all over.
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but the real battle was just begun. as soldiers gathered for the closing ceremony leaders were converging on brussels for their first musing with trump general terrace was playing down the differences . here behind. nations. back to the next year's exercise in order to show the strength of the alliance which is today. in brussels in a couple of always thought nato members must finally contribute the alliances twenty eight other members hope to trumpet of the nato doctrine that in attack on
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one was an attack on all instead he attacked them for not paying their bills. this is not fair to the people in taxpayers of the united states and many of these nations oh massive amounts of money from past years. could it was a school of some european leaders seen to dismay but as stony as prime minister your rewriters says his meeting with trump left him reassured the most that there levy's asked first of all i would tell him that i told him but the strong supporter for me and also the stone to keep our promises for example our defense spend it sure is this year more.

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