tv Indias Nuclear Riddle Al Jazeera September 22, 2017 6:32am-7:01am AST
i intend buildings that collapsed in tuesday's quake rescue crews are working around the clock to reach an adult trapped under the rubble of a school in mexico city twenty five children and adults died when the building collapsed. hurricane maria has been upgraded to a category three storm as it makes its way to the turks and caicos islands and the bahamas it's caused flooding and power outages in the dominican republic and across the u.s. territories of puerto rico and the u.s. virgin islands. protests are showing no sign of letting up in spain's catalonia region where thousands of independent supporters are rallying outside a courthouse in barcelona. they're demanding the release of catalan government officials detained over next month's independence referendum spain's prime minister mariano rajoy has called the vote illegal and says he'll be consequences if it goes ahead catalan government says it's determined to hold a poll anyway. but those were the headlines the news
continues here on al-jazeera after people in power station thanks for watching. it's not just phones contributing to samsung bumper profits if we look at the u.s. economy the moment it does seem to be in pretty good shape up until around two thousand and five greek debt levels were basically stable we bring you the stories that are shaping the economic world we live in counting the cost at this time on al-jazeera. deep in southern india a mysterious construction project is making the country's neighbors nervous some see it as evidence of an escalating arms race that could one day take the subcontinent to the brink of firm a nuclear war. so what's going on behind these walls we sent indian journalist man
today india is the largest importer of arms in the word and has pledged to spend two hundred fifty billion dollars over the next decade to modernize its military hoping to cash in on seniors and companies from across the globe have flocked to the defense expo in the hopes of selling that to the indian government. my name is my. i at the forefront of india's military expansion is the devil up into four feet of nuclear submarines which will be powered by enriched uranium and capable of firing thermonuclear weapons each one over a thousand times more powerful than the devices detonated over hiroshima and nagasaki joining world war two. but in order to power and arm this fleet india will need a large stockpile of sufficiently enriched uranium. according to a recent investigation by foreign policy magazine a new top secret facility is under construction in the south indian district of
china kerry and it is here that many believe the highly enriched uranium needed to fulfill india's military ambitions will be produced though this is a claim that has been hotly contested by the indian government itself. so i've come to the expo to seek out india stop defense and military leaders and see if they will explain what is going on. our first port of call is the defense ministers press conference where i ask him about these alleged plans to build a new uranium enrichment site. so how can you know. what . will. be the.
one. when. you. his answer is a visit but that's not really surprising indian officials are famously tight lipped about the country's nuclear weapons program because it is covered by a draconian official secrets act we are the same evasive responses from a long list of people at the defense expo. i don't recall that. we ran into the same apparent wall of silence when we approached the company that built india's first nuclear submarine during remote from the country. even the country's vice chief of naval staff was unwilling to address the subject. under the. india
is keen to discuss and debate its growing military prowess the nuclear weapons program is a subject that remains off limits. but many analysts across the world believe that india is indeed bustling a ball a sea of creating company ok weapons many times more powerful than anything in the country's arsenal to date if you're saying that. and india's historical for pakistan has already taken note pledging to do whatever it takes to keep up with indian nuclear capability. whether they want to burn bugs on endurable or a weapon with their driveline do. their debts or not bother me much as long as i retaliate. with
regional superpower with china already holding a vast stockpile of these weapons experts fear a new nuclear race on the sub continent could threaten the existence and livelihoods of heart of the world's population. is also taking their shape in south asia because india's concerns are china's so india. against china and india want to have for example. on the areas that are very close. but concerns that india is planning to expand its nuclear arsenal first came to light in a rather. unlikely backwater of rural south india the lush plains of. it was here that a group of local shepherds on earth details about the government's alleged plans to construct a secret nucleus city. for
generations shepherds like. had unfettered access to common pasture land stretching on with thousands of acres they use this land to grow food and graze their animals i didn't two thousand and ten the indian government suddenly ordered ten thousand acres of these common grasslands be walled off no information about the intended purpose of the new facilities was made public and local community members claim they were not even consulted or informed about the appropriation of the sly and before it happened almost overnight even the local politicians and civil servants had been kept in the dark. knight. i want to marty. then in two thousand and eleven
india stopped nuclear official admitted that among the projects slated for construction and. is a year a name enrichment site that could feed the country's military nuclear programs as well as civilian this announcement came shortly after the launch of ins arihant the first of several nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines being built for the indian navy. slowly this information made its way back to the local community in. when they. organized protests to the attention of the government including. court of the two thousand and fourteen indian general election. but it soon became clear to them
that this was a battle that would have to be fourteen. so they got in touch with environmentalists . when the father was discovered the walls were coming of almost forty years ago secret the. case in the i thought it was not going well for them which is when we took it to the national bank. in response to the green. government agencies were compelled to go on the record and reveal important information about the purpose of the site so they very clearly said in that affidavit to produce i need enriched uranium which is used by both civilian as well as military including for nuclear ballistic missiles and. if you did happen in iran basically the. united states government does force discipline between the. weapons grade uranium
and the energy post that separation is important so that there is no perfect proliferation. through the. managed to get a government agency to admit for the first time that the site will be used to enrich uranium to build weapons. according to national security experts can not building a city sized complex to house the entire process it's not uncommon. the best way to make a weapon and i have industry and industrial size process make a new weapon drive it in one place where the russians have done. for instance. just a city in some remote part of siberia or something where they make nothing but bombs. may be adopting the russian people i don't know and i'm in the same as an
outside person looking image but. the product of reform. is credible but it's nearly impossible to get any confirmation from the indian government. for more concrete answers takes us outside india to washington d.c. . in two thousand and eight india signed an historic deal with the united states allowing international inspectors to regulate reactors used for its ambitious civilian nuclear energy program in exchange the country was granted a waiver from the nuclear suppliers group to import fuel and by civilian nuclear technology that for decades had been kept out of its reach since then western analysts have monitored india's military program closely. at the institute of science and international security we meet serena. who is tracking the proposed
enrichment site. we were able to discover the plan for the construction of a new enrichment facility by analyzing open source information this area up here does not have any construction so far but the plans are to build a uranium centrifuge program here in new enrichment facility means that india will be expanding its talk of highly enriched uranium. to is concerned but the new site could trigger a new cleary's in the subcontinent. it's significant because it indicates that india's uranium enrichment needs are growing and we believe they're growing because india needs to fuel its nuclear submarine program. we worry about pakistan because pakistan has a tendency to want to match any new advancements that india makes and currently we
are worried that pakistan might want to match india's efforts when it comes to creating a nuclear submarine program china is also nearby and any advancements in this nuclear program are going to create are going to have destabilizing effects in the region and yes we worry about us collation. suing such a bullish policy on nuclear armament has the potential to destabilize the region why exactly is it but the indian government is so hell bent on improving its awesome oh after all the country already has nuclear weapons doesn't it. in contrast to the big boys nuclear as india and pakistan account for only two hundred to two thirty bombs between them india's program dates back to one nine hundred seventy four when prime minister indira gandhi gave the go ahead to test the country's first bomb the smiling blood that exploded deep in the heart of the
rajah's son desert taking the world by surprise india described it as a peaceful nuclear explosion august fonso it as an act of aggression the nation reacted swiftly accelerating the pleas of its own program prime ministers and figure on grandly declared that pakistanis would eat leaves and grass or even go hungry but they would build the bomb. things came to a head in may nine hundred ninety eight went under the cloak of secrecy india tested five more bombs a move that led to swift condemned nation from the world. less than three weeks later in a tit for tat move pakistan detonated six devices sanctions were placed on both nations. while the tests proved conclusively that both nations had nuclear capability a shadow was cast over the credibility of india's doctorand in two thousand and nine. that year. the number a key member of the scientific team responsible for conducting the tests made
a shocking revelation the fact they'd be more nuclear test. gave a year in much lower than was predicted was obvious but for some reasons that was kept hidden then we go down. and. plainly we took a naked man. that the shaft was intact indicating that the use of the thermonuclear. was not what was claimed to be. the government was quick to refute design a geisha but sometimes claims was seized upon by those national security experts such as parker knight who have been calling for further testing and asking the government to build a full scale thermo nuclear arsenal. only proven and dish good weapon is
a twenty kilometer we can be a one hundred five you claim we had were two hundred twenty five a claim you have a two seventy five but unless you actually test. there's no credibility to your claims if it's a mind game before the nuclear war starts the chinese have an edge because when you say ok the chinese she ok you want to start a nuclear war ok i'm going to open up with my one megaton what do you have the accurate twenty killer ok first. not everyone shared this enthusiasm for the proliferation but sometimes revelations had left those on all sides of the political spectrum wondering whether india's. enemies particularly pakistan with whom the country's relations have often descended into violence. in fact hostility has been a defining characteristic of the relationship between india and pakistan for nearly seventy years now
a period mocked by several wars and endless military standoffs and this mutual enemy is perhaps best illustrated by a ceremony that takes place at the border every evening both sides put on a grand show of aggression. by their countrymen but even the spectacle under play is the very real threat but. india and pakistan have. to kill weapons on. us is growing nuclear weapons program india nuclear weapons aspirations the right way with china looming large. nations many. weapons trade breaking. we arrived on may twenty eighth. to the days since pakistan tested its bonds.
with. adding fuel to the fire of hostility between pakistan and india is this man a.q. khan the father of the pakistani bomb. he's a controversial figure accused of setting up a network sensitive information to north korea and iran. giving a speech. the pakistani government has publicly distanced itself from but he continues to be a celebrated they go up and down the country. getting
a high ranking member of pakistan's strategic planning division an elite branch of the military that has command over the country. at university in islamabad. in the wake of revelations about india's nuclear ambitions pakistan has no choice but to escalate the production of its own weapons. people are generally willing to accept india's logic that their means could detect is from china in terms of the strategic weapons as well if there is a mercedes or a nuclear weapon. which the indians may claim that it is intended for china but stop it stops indians from pointing the same weapon stan what i want india does who should be able to in minute elliot reward was. unbearable damage today and saw there they will hopefully to free him from. for the bugs and the postgres.
but pakistan's history for the nonproliferation has always been a huge concern globally and the recent introduction of tactical nuclear weapons to its arsenal short range missiles equipped with nuclear warheads that can be used on the battlefield have caused many particularly indian military officials to balkan horror the only fact there is a substantial part of forces is engaged in counterterrorism operations on the western borders so that has created a kind of a liberty which indians seem to be willing to exploit so pakistan had to look for those who should to their and pogs thousand sponsor this was done in by the way over the introduction of short range battlefield nuclear weapons so we're loading our nuclear threshold pakistan has also delegated the command of tactical nukes to battlefield commanders with some analysts believe leaves their arsenal warningly
open to attack and even taft by extremist organizations in the region for his part pakistani peace activist and physicist expects things will only get worse in the years to come the race is also taking it bad shape in south asia because the south asian situation is not just india pakistan situation because india has concerns of the china as well so india builds up again against china and india wants to have for example a trial which was nuclear weapons on on the air as it has in the season somebody who and therefore pakistan would feel more certain and back at home are also going that for those who track strategic weapons closely one area where the research most apparent is in the building and testing of bomb delivery systems such as messiah. both india and pakistan have
a large stockpile of subsystems most recently india tested the list of files from onboard its first nuclear powered submarine leading to fears that the indian ocean is on course to become a nuclear rise zone in november two thousand and fifteen even u.s. president barack obama voiced his own concerns about the direction south asia's taking at the nuclear security summit in washington d.c. the other area where i think we need to see progress is pakistan and india. making sure that. as they develop military doctrines that they are not continually moving in the wrong direction. india resents any attempts to link its nuclear security and doctrine with that of pakistan and quickly protested president obama's remarks but for those charged with analyzing india's national security strategy expanding the program appears inevitable if you're saying that we.
really ought to keep pace with china. the other countries are not really threats to india so we don't india shouldn't really be concerned not pakistan not trimming pakistan as you know i mean for example a very small country because india so large. one can never be certain there are nuclear weapons can be destroyed in exchange while we can be certain we can make an extinct as a social organization. the walls of china continue to obscure india's allegedly new nuclear program from view. but many on all sides agree that a nuclear arms race on the subcontinent is underway. the potential fallout in the swallow tiled region is thinkable and while the indian state seeks to secure its dead and capabilities against its neighbors
a lot more thought must be given on how to prevent the strays from spiraling out of control. in the aftermath of civil war peace and reconciliation i remember seeing in the absence of justice. people in power on earth chilling testimonies of atrocities suggesting or for teams have failed to conduct full and proper investigations that could help heal resentment inflicted by conflict. cote d'ivoire partial justice at this time on al-jazeera. the latest news as it breaks many
of the people here came to this camp with injuries and illnesses already with detailed coverage the border between china and north korea stretches double the fourteen hundred kilometers long like the demilitarized zone the obvious fear here is very relaxed from around the world the water that comes in the trucks williston water from the shallow holes in that is full of sediment and of course the high risk of disease. in the next episode of science in a golden age i'll be exploring the contributions made by scholars during the medieval islamic period in the field of medicine. science tend to be a good subject to bring different people from all over the world together with to such like a magical that the more i learn about the more i respect science in a golden age with professor jim attorney at this time. for
a man who's decided to break with tradition and train to sail competitively maybe not that we want to present a positive image and to use the steering typical expectation of women for them it's about more than just racing yachts you can still be a good amani woman and also a very talented sailor going off around the world showing everybody how strong armani people are al-jazeera world meets the first female sailing crew in the gulf a man's sailing star at this time on al. north korea says it may carry out a hydrogen bomb test in the pacific donald trump ups the pressure with new sanctions. hello i'm down jordan this is out is iran live from doha also coming up robbed of