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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  October 6, 2017 12:00am-1:00am AST

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these are very receptive. because it is such an international city they are very interested and that global perspective that al jazeera provides. their fool fathers force the soviets. twenty five years off to independence. they too must become. defenders of lists. preparing for the possibility of. waiting for invasion but witness documentary at this time on al-jazeera. this is. hello i'm maryam namazie this is the news hour live from london coming up was the
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arab. the rocky civilian celebrate after government forces push i still out of its last stronghold in the north of the country we report on how armed groups in the central african republic of being accused of using rape and sexual slavery as weapons of war. to cheers and jeers some national police pull out of boss alona as spain's fifth biggest bank moves its legal base from catalonia and its top bars they can't land parliament for meeting. and keeping the planet's blue heart beating world leaders meet in malta to find ways of saving the whales oceans from the effects of aleutian and global warming. and sport in england and germany qualify for the twenty eighteen world cup the late penalty keep serious world cup hopes a lot. they battle for
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a draw against australia and their like. iraqi forces have captured the town of how we and the surrounding area i cells last stronghold in northern iraq the iraqi military say some fighting is still going on to the north and east of the town where i solicit around it troops were greeted by jubilant villagers and six kilometers northwest of the town of the capture of how each of the only area that remains on the eyes of control in iraq is a stretch alongside the west in order with syria military operation has come at a cost as charles stratford reports from a nearby checkpoint it in northern iraq. exhausted and scared it took this family five days to reach the peshmerga defensive position. they walked across these parched hills from their village in iceland controlled territory sometimes
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struggling to find shelter from coalition airstrikes and iraqi army shelling but the situation is tense there are airstrikes artillery shelling i have escaped with my family as soon as we could i saw were relocating from one place to another and many of them were pushed and squeezed further into how we there is no food or water available in our village. and condition so he barely managed to get out we used to live off the scraps of food our property had lead was all destroyed and the peshmerga defending his position against potential leisel fighters. from this area as the iraqi military and shia militias advance in this direction this area here there's still a number of villages there that are controlled by i saw in the last few minutes we seem to i saw fighters come here and surrender the commander of this position says
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that in the last two weeks around two hundred i saw fighters have surrendered at this position alone. the peshmerga took control of this area from iceland two thousand and fourteen after the iraqi army fled it is beyond the official boundary of the semi autonomous kurdish regional government controlled area of northern iraq but the commanders here say the peshmerga won't withdrawal when the fight against the last pockets of eisel is over. she had acted as an all these lanes you see have been taken and defended by the peacemaker and we will not give them back many pacemaker died defending these lands i think she managed hereon and military corridor also people displaced and military personnel who easier was the last stronghold for eisel in northern iraq iraqi prime minister hydrilla but he says the town has been retaken the disagreement between the curves and the iraqi government about who will control areas such as the we have just begun john strafford al
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jazeera debases in iraq. turkey says it's considering blockading iraq's kurdish region by closing its airspace and borders of the day after the kurdish secession vote last week president or a ship typo on is also said he'll decide with iran and iraq central government on whether to cut oil exports from the iraqi kurds do on was in the iranian capital tehran on wednesday way discuss the kurdish vote with iran's leaders both countries have large ethnic kurdish populations. well now moving to syria where the red cross says the country is experiencing some of its worst fighting since last year's battle for aleppo at least one hundred thirty people have been killed in multiple as strikes over the past two days in their resort province there are also reports of at least ten hospitals being damaged cutting off hundreds of thousands of syrians from health care kathy lopez her diane reports. death destruction and desperation are the results of our thoughts of the russian air
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strikes towns destroyed thousands displaced in the syrian province of darrow's or the syrian observatory for human rights as the airstrikes over the last six days killed at least one hundred eighty five people including women and children more than. we have looked at houses and went to the desert would be like this but by the situation is catastrophic we've seen rockets artilleries and warplanes and we don't know who is who and what is what. the international committee of the red cross says the number of civilians killed is the highest this year since the fight over aleppo the strikes damage at least ten hospitals leaving the injured helpless humanitarian organizations are struggling to care for syrians to scaping the attacks this includes search and rescuers from the white helmets organization everyone is. free to rescue eisel controls most of day arrives or and is under attack by the russian air force russia's defense ministry says forty nine members of al qaeda
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including its top seven leaders in syria have been killed recently the russian government says it targets insurgents not civilians but first responders say they see the opposite when we. see women we see men old men entire towns already devastated are now left wondering when the next airstrike will be. al-jazeera. meanwhile rush hour in saudi arabia who backed rival sides in the war in syria have agreed to work together to unite syria's opposition saudi arabia's king solomon has been meeting the russian president vladimir putin in moscow is the first saudi monarch in history to visit russia or challenge reports from moscow. as a saudi monarch has never visited russia before this meeting had all the ceremonial
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pomp you'd expect the kremlin's alexandrescu hall really disappoints in that regard a grand setting for a handshake that confirms the altered power dynamics in the middle east can you here for us or you are colleagues and friends let me warmly creech you in the capital of russia moscow thank you very much for except in our invitation and telling us to visit. recent history has provided much for these two countries to disagree on russian bombs and missiles still rain down on bashar al assad's opponents in syria for six years saudi arabia has been supporting groups fighting to throw the syrian president out but with russia's syrian intervention both securing asset in power for now and making russia an important regional power broker there's fresh impetus for adversaries to work together my view is surely the syrian crisis we are working on resolving it in accordance with the decisions of
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geneva and the u.n. security council resolution and unfunny a political solution that would guarantee the achievements of security and stability as well as preservation of syria's unity and territorial integrity. away from the battlefields russia and saudi arabia have been cooperating for some time over the last year together with opec they've limited oil production to boost prices and the saudi visit is as much about the dozen or so energy trade and investment agreements that have been signed here as it is about politics. will put money into russian transport infrastructure they'll be a joint platform for investing in energy projects but much of this probably wouldn't have happened if saudi arabia along with countries like turkey israel jordan and egypt have noticed a marked decrease in u.s. influence in interest in the middle east king salmon is just the latest in
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a long line of middle eastern leaders to visit russia although the u.s. still commands a preeminence position in the region rulers like king solomon have decided that these days it's wise to deal with russia to reach alan's al-jazeera moscow. at least eighteen people have been killed and twenty five injured after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a shia shrine in pakistan southwest atack happened in the village in lucius stan province. now human rights watch says armed groups in the central african republic are using rape and sexual slavery to terrorize women and girls investigators documented more than three hundred cases of rape torture and sexual violence in the past four years some women and girls were held as sex slaves for up to eighteen months and victims say they've been targeted by both muslim celica rebels and christian fighters but not a single person has faced charges since the overthrow of president francois twenty
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thirteen fighting has killed thousands of people and more than a million a fled their homes thirteen thousand united nations keep peacekeepers are struggling to contain the violence imran khan has more on this now in just a warning that you might find some of the images in his report up setting. hidden beyond the toll grass and veiled behind curtains survivors in the central african republic talk of. cruel and brutal crimes that are still unpunished. that one of them took a grenade and they put it in my vagina then they removed the grenade and they write to me. a thirty five year old is among hundreds of women and girls he told human rights watch about sexual violence and torture. when i think about it my heart beat so fast and really hard when i remember my heart beat so hard so hard so
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hard even right now when i'm thinking about it beating hard and so fast fast fast three of the victims the children when they were raped and became pregnant. they raped me over and over again they never stopped not for even one day when i was eight in the house months pregnant. when i had the baby i didn't want to hold him i felt like killing him the survivors say they were right by a dozen men fighters beat the women and left them with broken bones smashed teeth and had. the fighters kidnapped women beat them up rape them and took them young girls older women they just didn't have. he when rights watch says the abuses are not only crimes under central african law but also constitute war crimes and possibly crimes against humanity a new task force is trying to address the plight of survivors. those that we know
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responsible for these grave crimes of rape and violation of human rights if they are not arrested right now and taken into custody no victims will have the will to seek justice and that makes justice it accessible you have to talk about zero impunity then you need the women to have the courage to come forward and report the facts human rights watch says only eleven of the two hundred ninety six survivors interviewed try to initiate a criminal investigation so far no member of any armed group has been arrested or tried to committing sexual violence in iraq is there now in the past few minutes we've heard that the united nations has blacklisted a saudi led military coalition for killing and injuring almost seven hundred children in yemen and attacking dozens of schools and hospitals last year let's go live to mike hanna he's at united nations in new york following everything for us might what more can you tell us about this. well let's put this into
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a context this is part of a vast a report which covers across the globe put together by the united nations every year on children in conflict the highlights of the report as a whole is that there's been four thousand violations by government forces some nearly twelve thousand violations by non-state actors now with particular regard to the saudi led coalition the report has included them in the annex which is a list of shame as it is commonly called a blacklist as it is commonly called these are parties that have been responsible for violations during the year or for porting but important to note that there are two portions of the annex one in a it lists those countries and non-state actors that have been responsible for violations and for the death or maiming of children but then in the b. section of annex one in which the saudi led coalition is listed those are parties
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that have put measures to end this in place during the reporting period a very clear delineation in the annex in this blacklist of parties that have done nothing to end the ongoing killing and maiming of children and those parties that have been seen to do something during the reporting period but a very vast report indeed one that ranges across the globe and for the first time we're seeing as well a full accounting of what has been happening in yemen and just very briefly the yemen figures that the saudi led coalition responsible for some six hundred eighty three casualties a large number of schools and hospitals destroyed during the attack who theme the government fighters are responsible for some four hundred fourteen infringements killing and maiming of children so the u.n. blacklisting sounding for their violations against children in yemen this year but
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what happened to the list last year. well this was a controversial fact last year that the saudi led coalition was included in this annual report these saudis protested loudly and vigorously that then secretary-general ban ki moon took them off the blacklist pending further review now this raised great controversy we are told that this year the present secretary general antonio good terrace has looked very closely at this report and weighed all the wording very carefully and as a consequence we see the introduction of those two sections in the blacklist which i was a split explaining about those parties in a who continue to maim and injure children without doing anything about it and access section b. of an x one which includes a saudi led coalition along with afghan national police a somali national army who are actually putting measures in place during the
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reporting period this in a way to try and cat or head off the criticism from the south from saudi arabia that we are likely to get in the next few hours thank you very much mike hanna at the united nations. much more to bring you on this news hour from london worsening conditions for the ranger refugees with even young babies in dire need of help. police say the last vegas gunman had previously booked rooms overlooking it to other music festivals and it really those stories and then of course the sport details on the arrest of one of the most important figures in brazilian sport. u.s. president donald trump is expected to announce that he will decertify the landmark international deal to curb iran's nuclear program so for more on this story let's
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go to state farm correspondent patty culhane who is of course in washington d.c. for us what do we know about president trump's potential plans for the deal. well i should point out this is coming from two very senior respected journalists in washington both at the washington post and at reuters they say that next week sometime next week they expect to get its not hard and fast confirmed but that they are being told to expect president donald trump to in his words d. certify that iran is in compliance with the nuclear deal so does that mean it's dead no it does not this is a one hundred percent internal u.s. mechanism set up by members of congress the deal between the u.s. five other countries and iran is still going to be in place what decertifying does is it sets a clock it gives the u.s. congress sixty days to reimpose sanctions on iran that were lifted as part of this deal mostly those are financial sanctions so are they going to do that well there's probably going to be some pretty intense lobbying and going into all of this and i
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think it's important remember it was just about twenty four hours ago that we heard secretary of defense jim mattis tell members of congress that he believes that the u.s. should stay in the iran deal and that it was one hundred percent good for u.s. national security asked about that here's what the white house spokeswoman had to say the president has as he said made a decision on this and he'll make that announcement the appropriate time that's the main focus that he has had has been a comprehensive strategy on how to deal with iran that is what he wanted his team to put in place and i think you'll see that announced in short order and that will be a comprehensive strategy with a unified team behind him supporting that effort. so in senator matters made those comments to congress it was broadly seen as he was sending a message to president donald trump now that we believe he's going to go ahead to certify you could read that very differently you could see the secretary trying to
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use his considerable influence to try and push members of congress not to reimpose these sanctions that would mean the u.s. stays in the deal and it's we do expect this is going to be intense lobbying that we don't believe the president's going to really push for those sanctions to be put back in place we expect the israeli lobby the progress israeli government lobby will push hard but also their allies who are also part of the deal to push back so if he does this it doesn't mean it's over it just means it could be right so these are all very nuanced moves you're talking about logic might they use to make the case that iran isn't in compliance especially when the international community would be against them on this and that's going to the most interesting thing because the i.a.e.a. has been monitoring iran they say they're one hundred percent in compliance and they're the administration's going to find themselves on shaky ground on this they keep pointing to the fact that they say iran in the preamble to the agreement it said that iran would contribute to the peace and stability in the region that's not
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at all what it says it says the deal will contribute to the peace and stability in the region we asked the state department spokesman about that and her response was generally the whole sentence so it's going to get interesting thank you very much patty cohen in washington d.c. . aid agencies are warning that zambia is facing a humanitarian crisis the country's dealing with more than twenty seven thousand refugees who cross the border from the democratic republic of congo at least we thousand and in the last month the u.n. says on average one hundred asylum seekers and each day congolese government forces a fighting a local militia and the region or the one point four million people have been displaced by the violence that since august last year which is in the end shelling the transit camp in northern jambia. this transit center was set up three and a half weeks ago the people are many from attending and some from the troubled
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region is a running away from ethnic tensions and fighting between government forces and militia groups aid workers say if one is given to eighteen hundred people coming into zambia every day and conditions are basic the new arrivals haven't yet brought their own form of structure to live and stay in these communal kind of compounds held together by reed mats and some top hole and tents to cover the top three or four families can live in here and till they move to a spot where they can build the own temporary structure with their families some aid workers say that they see a large number of mainly women and children coming into the strands at center and about sixty percent of those who are coming here are children under the age of eighteen there is a communal set up already whereby the meals are prepared by the women the men cut the firewood the people are then given food in the morning and then at supper but at any sea say they need more help the rainy season is about to start in
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a few weeks the concern once is rains all this to be flooded with water people need some kind of decent accommodation in the mosquito nets and it mysen they need more food and a concern that as long as the balance keeps continuing in the d.r. seeing more people crossing into zambia. anil dash is planning to chop down part of a forest to extend a massive ten city sheltering range of families who fled an army crackdown in myanmar more than half a million refugees have crossed into bangladesh and dying need of help among them babies injured in the violence mohammed junction reports from a camp and cox's bazaar in a warning that his report does contain distressing images. with nothing else that her disposal a desperate mother blows air on her babies severely burned head to try and cool her off. their adult is in the camp but when i took her to the
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doctor they said they don't have the right medicine for her she needs to be taken to see specialized doctors where when i get the money. tells us her baby was burned when me and mars military set her village in iraq and state ablaze it took her family ten days to escape to bangladesh with no medical care the nine month old girl's wounds especially the one on top of her head have only worsened i've got about anatomy. i think if she doesn't get any treatment then my baby will die it's too hot here so i'm not able to keep her calm here she can't get any peace i can only make her feel better by finding her. at the tank ali makeshift camp for him to refugees in cox's bazaar the misery is seemingly endless reflected as much
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in the faces of residents as it is in the appalling conditions they're trying to survive the people you see behind me here they're lining up for aid distribution to give you some idea of the scale of this crisis this encampment that we're in today it didn't exist about three weeks ago now there's at least twenty thousand refugees who live here. they are among the more than five hundred thousand refugees who've crossed into bangladesh since late august the u.n. calls it the most urgent refugee crisis in the world like so many others here who is attempting to find family members she's been separated from. i know what i'm searching for my mother and my aunt to i came across my neighbor who told me they came here. waiting barefoot through mud gould's our sadness is matched only by her persistence asking after her relatives at every turn she tells us she'd
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wanted to remain in me and more but that the military's brutality made that impossible so. if only they weren't shooting and setting fires to homes we would stay there even in the jungles eating leaves but they set fire to our homes and we couldn't stay there no more. with each passing day knows her chances will only grow dimmer not just that she'll locate her loved ones but that she'll ever be able to experience anything close to her previous life again. at the ten kali refugee camp in cox's bazaar bangladesh. in iran move the national rifle association has called for additional regulations on stocks a type of rocket fire weapon it comes four days after stephen paddick opened fire on concert goers in last vegas killing at least fifty eight people with the same type of gun in a statement the n.r.a. said devices that are designed to allow semiautomatic rifles to function like fully
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automatic rifles should be subjected to official regulations will make his plan to hold hearings and consider a bill to outlaw the device. also let's go live to andy gallacher who's in las vegas for us first of all the statement from the national rifle association how significant is it that they're talking about tighter restrictions on this type of device. i mean this is hugely significant for people who don't know the national rifle association is a very politically powerful body that represents gun owners across the united states they donate millions of dollars to the republican party and in past mass shootings they simply haven't budged on any talk of gun control or any talk of even banning these kinds of modifications so i think that is very significant what they're talking about here specifically are these bump stocks that is a device that replaces a traditional stock and allows the rifle to go backwards and forwards and essentially and the faster way more rounds than they have been able to do
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previously they are legal at the moment and in fact sold out here in las vegas so for the n.r.a. to come forward and be backed by senior republican lawmakers to say they would look at this as a bill to ban these kind of modifications is something i certainly haven't seen covering mass shootings here in the last fifteen years at the end of the day these weapons are still deadly but i think in a situation like what happened here on sunday night the death toll would have been far less if steven partic hadn't had these kind of modifications so this is a significant move on their part on the part of the republican party and what about the investigation of we learned anything more about the gunman and why he did this . well that all important question of why steven part of carried out this attack is still really unknown we know this is a man that led an incredibly secretive life but there are some chilling facts coming out here in the investigation that is that it was looking at going to boston
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looking at events in fenway park and in fact booked a hotel room in chicago for the lollapalooza music festival so it seems clear from the investigation that he was. wrecking other music festivals to potentially carry out an attack on those we also know that here in las vegas he booked in another hotel where there was another music festival before the one here on sunday night but as for that all important question of why he carried out this attack that remains a very elusive but the police seem to think that he couldn't have done this so they are looking at leads that are spreading out all across the country and certainly they're wanting to get answers as quickly as possible and in las vegas thank you. for you in the news hour public gatherings banned as madagascar battles an outbreak of highly contagious plague. a traditional harvest festival is providing a brief. tensions between north and south korea.
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it's funny to hear talk about droughts. and the n.f.l. player under fire for mocking a female reporter. hello and welcome to international weather forecasts it's all looking very unsettled across europe at the moment a series of what weather fronts some strong winds pushing them behind them across more southern parts here the weather doesn't look too bad generally fine conditions but you see that northerly flow pushing into just fourteen in london on friday and they've got this cold air digging down across the alps and through into wards the balkans are quite unsettled temperatures nothing special across more eastern areas now as you head on through into saturday we've got a trough of low pressure digging right down across here into southeastern areas
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docking really stormy here through greece and through the western side of the black sea still on the chilly side from moscow there at ten and still pretty unsettled across more western areas but for much of france down in therapy and plenty of weather conditions here at least are looking pretty good on the other side of the mediterranean the weather's looking fine for our tears and for tunis elsewhere we've got a few showers through the gulf but generally weather conditions are looking fine for karo temperatures rising up to thirty five degrees celsius into central parts of africa and we have plenty of shower activity across central africa public through towards cameroon we'll see some showers affect in lagos in nigeria and also seeing some showers affect in akron ghana with a high here of twenty nine degrees. an indian mining company is heading to australia to build one of the world's biggest mines will it be an economic bonanza or an ecological disaster.
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at this time on al-jazeera. it's impossible to underestimate the size and scale of the economic crisis it's not just about the billion trillion dollars of debt it's not just about the banks it's not just about the government to buy real. egypt is now china's third biggest trading partner in africa more than ten thousand chinese are living in cairo i wanted to see the permits on september one thousand nine hundred five i came with my friends to egypt many started a small traders but i'm now successful in business do you know i began to do business in two thousand and three or two thousand and four at a time it was small but then it began to expand and al-jazeera well meets the growing chinese community in egypt egypt made in china at this time.
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i'm back you're watching the news out top stories united nations has blacklisted a saudi led cut military coalition for killing and injuring almost seven hundred children in yemen and attacking dozens of schools and hospitals last year. iraqi forces say they've recaptured the town of how we. hold in the north of the country the troops were greeted by jubilant villages nearby. and human rights watch has documented hundreds of cases in the central african republic of on groups using ripens sexual slavery to terrorize women and girls. now after thirteen years the united nations mission is pulling out of haiti the peacekeepers have been credited with bringing some stability to the caribbean island nation but their legacy also includes disease violence and sexual
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exploitation so let's now speak to daniel is in the capital port au prince what's happening there now. well mary i'm i'm at the former brazilian base camp on the outskirts of port to brands where the next half an hour or so there's going to be a closing ceremony to mark the end of the u.n. stabilization missions fourteen years in haiti those troops behind me getting ready for many countries all around latin america also bangladesh india nepal and many others is going to be a fairly low key low profile sort of event very few haitians here i think because the vast majority of haitians are kind of glad to be seeing the the u.n. mission going with a little trepidation what the future might hold but for a force leaving leaving today the military believing today the mandate ends on the fifteenth of october where the fourteen fourteen year mission will come to an end
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now and the peacekeeping mission wasn't without controversy was it what sort of legacy did they leave behind. what they we've been talking to them in the last few days and they're obviously very keen to talk about the positive they will talk about humanitarian aid assistance after her recurrence of the massive earthquake in two thousand and ten they talk about the restructuring of the police force and the army here concord census building three what they term they deem to be successful elections but what the people here talk about what the media tends to concentrate on several cases of sexual exploitation of children fathered by u.n. troops and then leaving the children abandoned we've been speaking to mothers down in the southwest in the last few days who want some kind of compensation some kind of recognition from the euro gwion true. they say father their children but for you the biggest scandal the biggest controversy was the two thousand and ten cholera epidemic which many have blamed on the nepalese troops who were who were based here
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there was no cholera in haiti up until that moment something like nine thousand six hundred people died in the tech of epidemic the united nations were very slow to take responsibility for it they are now spending money on citation projects like but still very little in the way of recognition for what many say they carried out and people are still very angry about the. import of prince thank you. speaker of the catalan parliament has slammed spain's constitutional court after it suspended its session planned for monday a parliament was expected to declare independence unilaterally from spain after two million cast lands voted in favor of secession. this is an act of extreme seriousness because it contains the freedom of expression of members of catalonia parliament this shows the total incapacity of the spanish government to resolve political problems in
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a political way we repeat what we've always said that we will not allow the parliament to be censored. also to spain's biggest banks appear to be preparing to move their headquarters out of catalonia over fears the region will secede. which is spain's fifth largest bank has already decided to move its legal based on accounting and there are reports the board of bank is also considering relocation because of the political uncertainty bank is feigns third largest lender and the biggest catalan company by market value karl penhall has more from barcelona. you know if you don't make. me. think of.
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you. yeah. i'm not coming to gather outside. of your civil god only this please. and not a referendum come to. the out about the potential economic impact to face banks already saying that they could move outside the region. that if catalonia stays plain. temporary.
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european union is patch nearly six hundred sixty million dollars to help deal with ocean pollution it's estimated that there is five hundred times more micro plastic in the sea than there are stars in the galaxy and it's taking its toll on hundreds of species daryn taylor takes a look at the problems facing one of the world's greatest resources. across the world our oceans and seas are being ravaged by pollution overexploitation and the effects of manmade global warming rising sea temperatures are believed to be exacerbated the effects of the recent spate of deadly hurrican in the caribbean and the united states will motions also mean acidification dead zones and invasive species jeopardizing the marine ecosystem and threatening our fish and seafood supplies then this pollution but actually every part of the world's oceans are affected by it particularly by micro plastics and every year more than eight million tons of new plastic trash end up in our cities and there's the impact of an
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reported in unregulated fishing it's worth billions of dollars to the world economy but at an unknown cost to the natural environment a multi-million dollar pledged by the e.u. is made at the our oceans conference being held in malta at the event the heir to the british throne prince charles said decisive action must be taken to cut down on the amount of plastic we use mostly. it is i believe our sleep crucial. that we transition to a circular economy. a secular economy allows plastic along with many other substances to be recovered recycled and reused instead of created used and then thrown away. on our increasingly overcrowded planet this economic approach has to be a critical part of a stabber seeing a more harmonious relationship between humankind and the ocean that sustains us
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all. well for more on this we can speak to nicholas malice he's the director of the trash free c. program and is a marine biologist at the conservancy each of us live now from portland oregon thanks very much for speaking to us how would you describe the biggest challenges we face in improving the health of our oceans well thank you very and that's a great question and unfortunately our ocean faces many challenges ranging from overfishing to increasing acidification to warming ocean temperatures to sea level rise and the one that i work on in my daily life that's the threat of plastics and permeating every dimension of our global ocean and the thing that the statistic we've been throwing out that today that there is more micro plastic in the ocean than there are stars in the galaxy how how did it come to this how did it get so bad. it's
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a great question and what we know through more than thirty years of the international coastal cleanup that ocean insurgency hosts every year is that every year we're seeing more and more plastics on our beaches in our ocean and each year eight million metric tons of plastic enters our ocean and what we know is that these items represent you know the types of items that you and i use in our daily lives disposable food and beverage packaging largely comprised of plastics and when these items under the ocean they don't simply just stay intact but they break down into smaller and smaller pieces and so while one item may enter into the ocean in its entirety that single bottle or that bag quickly breaks down into thousands of little plastics that can then be ingested across the entire food chain right so that means that is it is it just about we at fault is it consumers in the the plastics in the materials that way using or is that more to it.
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well the one bright spot about this problem is that unlike changing chemistry in our oceans fishery dynamics at the end of the day ocean plastics is not actually an ocean problem is a people problem and we started this problem which means we can be the solution of this problem and there is no silver bullet solution there is no one entity alone that is going to solve this problem we all have a critical role to play and that ranges from each of us as individuals to governments like is being demonstrated by the incredible showing at our ocean this week in malta to the private sector in industries ranging from the plastics producers to the consumer goods companies and retailers around the world every entity in in that chain has some role to play in addressing this problem right and we speaking about the oceans conference being held in malta and that's all well and good it gets people talking about the important issues that we're doing now but does it need to go beyond the consumers in the governments governments are pretty cash strapped nowadays what can the big corporations do.
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well we were very pleased through our trash free sees alliance ocean conservancy announced at malta this week along with our close loop fund partners one hundred fifty million dollar commitment to addressing fundamental ways collection and recycling in the key developing geographies around the world where ocean pasta imports are currently greatest and so we know that of that eight million metric tons that enter the ocean each year a large percentage of it is coming from developing economies where population growth and posix consumption is outpacing the ability to manage and collect and recycle basic waste needs and so first and foremost we need to work with the private sector and governments to turn off the tap to stop and collect the material that is currently in the system and provide that foundation for the circular economy that has for his royal highness mentioned however managing waste in
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collecting alone is not going to solve our problem we have to also look upstream to the amount of single use plastic that we are currently producing and putting into society and so it's not a pipe solution alone is not a front end of solution alone it really is tackling this issue at every point along the ocean plastic pollution pipe pipeline from creation it to disposal silva is that nick and i smell a start to the trash receipt program thank you so much. madagascar is trying to contain an outbreak of the play at least thirty people have died in the past two months and almost two hundred suspected cases have been reported public gatherings in the capital have been banned to try and stop the spread of the disease solid binge of a reports. these are the culprits partly responsible for the plague spreading in madagascar infected right spread the bubonic plague while the mnemonic plague is carried from person to person more than one hundred sixty people have been infected
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when they say plague the. actually stands for the swelling in the various love notes but it soon as it spread from the logs i could cough and those droplets could infect you that's alarming because it's human to human transmission rather than animal to human. on average two to six hundred people are infected annually in feet and outbreaks of the plague madagascar's rule areas but this time it spread to populated parts the government has now banned public meetings in the capital and ten and i reveal that they must first we must because we have heard of the disease that is spread through breeding so just to be on the safe side you never know i don't shake people's hands and i don't care so i don't know the precautions you take are not to talk to people and always wear a mask. the disease killed an estimated two hundred million people in the fourteenth century health experts are advising caution but they say there is no
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need for panic the plague is treatable with antibiotics and the world health organization says there is no risk that the disease can spread internationally with lisi example i would like to remind you here and it is important that the plague exists in many countries and the latest epidemics in some countries including botswana kenya madagascar zambia algeria and the d.r. see it's not only madagascar and this is important because what we hear in the city is that the plague is if my. gas car is the end of the world we would just like to say that it is a disease like any other but we are lucky that this disease has a cure and this treatment is available and it is free. many schools are closed and they're being sprayed to kill fleas campaigns are also underway to remove trash in cities and officials are setting right traps the health ministry says it's taking steps to keep infections from spreading of a disease which was believed to have already been wiped out some of the job i was
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there. bringing on the program still. it's turning out to be a season to remember the tennis while number one rafael nadal that story and more coming up shortly. the business update brought to you by always going places together.
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business update brought to you by chance are always going places together. welcome back now people in south korea are enjoying to sock a traditional holiday celebrating the year's good harvest the holidays also celebrated in north korea getting residents a briefer spite from escalating tensions right has been to a ceremony on the border between the two countries. traditionally
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a time for family reunions for these aging koreans this. as close as they will get to one it's a ceremony near the d.m.z. border between the two koreas. people like one young hope who attends every year and who was separated from his family in the north during the korean war more than sixty years ago he's on a waiting list for an official reunion but the current tensions have put the program on hold. if both sides can compromise hopefully my chance will calm. the two koreas may share the same holiday but seem as far apart as ever while north koreans celebrate to suck in a similar way to people in the south it's only a one day holiday in north korea and while millions of south koreans are travelling to see family and friends travel restrictions and a lack of transport in the north means that most people there have to stay put
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translated as harvest festival to suck is a time of thanksgiving with special cakes made from the rice just harvested. one of the many festivals an art group of north korean defectors perform in front of their south korean audience. some of the most popular songs date back to before the war when there was only one korea. by celebrating our culture through art we can show how south korea and north korea are one nation but as the families waiting for reunion can attest the political divisions remain as wide as ever. urge north korea once again to join us on the path of reconciliation to help reunite families who don't have much time left. not knowing how many more to suck festivals they will see without seeing long lost families rob mcbride al-jazeera changing gak on the north south korean border ferris handing out this for.
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thank you so much merriam reigning champions germany and lind have qualified for next year's world cup in russia. germany got there by beating northern ireland on thursday sebastian rudy sound and joshua chemist's wrapped up the three one win germany have now made it nine wins from nine games to finish top of group c. england needed a stoppage time goal from harry cain to beat slovenia one nil and booked their spot to england are top of group with one game to go they've now qualified for every world cup since missing out in one thousand nine hundred four scotland are second in group ass behind england they kept their hopes alive with a late own goal from martin martin scuttle the czech republic are third in group c. after their win seven points behind northern ireland poland lead group by three points after their win over armenia. serious surprise run to make next year's
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tournament is still on course they held asian champions australia on their first leg of their playoff setting up a tense decider in sydney on october the tank so how moloch has more. syria and australia face a gauntlet of matches to make it to the world cup next year they faced off in the first game of a two legged play off their award for winning another playoff with a team from north and central america syria who played the home games in malaysia because of the war in their homeland came close to conceding early on. mark milligan the nine ninety minutes in. just before half time however australia struck . robbie kruse giving them a one day lead. the socceroos could have put the game to bed just after the break. tommy you're rich missing out not just once but twice. and they were made to pay for blowing their chances. syria grabbed
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a late penalty. matthew lucky controversially called for making contact with. the syrians took full advantage of their opportunity omo some eleven it won one and that's how and. how soon will be disappointed with. why the game finished before. we were in control again but we have to let you know sixteen sixteen minutes back. yeah probably. not change the guy to up and kill them off and i mean. we are proving to the world that the syrian national team is always high spirited we are all proud of the says syrians. syria are at the world cup will be for the first time ever in the history. if australia don't make it the tournament would be without the asian champions so hell malik al-jazeera. a reporter from florence lowy was at the game in malaysia getting
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a sense of how syrian fans there were feeling. some have this much to be a sort of david versus goliath much. three consecutive world cup qualification syria has never played in the world cup you don't think very nearly didn't get to play in the world cup qualifiers on. security reasons and a deal with a group but malaysia stepped in at the last minute so they've been playing the home matches you know some critics have said that the game and its teams achievements are being used as a propaganda tool by the syrian government as the conflict. but the fans here tonight it's all about the beautiful game. yeah.
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both sides narrowly missed out on automatic progression so this is second chance to advance the group the second leg will be played in sydney. the winning team will then meet the fourth placed team from the northern and central american and caribbean region for a spot in russia at the world cup next year. brazil's olympic committee president carlos newsman has been arrested as part of an investigation into a vote buying scandal the probe is leong to rio getting the twenty sixteen olympics he's accused of being a go between to nail down the backing for a bit of who at the time was a senior i.o.c. official the rest follows newsman being questioned having his passport seized and house searched last month. tennis world number one rafa nadal has advanced to the quarterfinals of the china open the spaniard beats karen catchin off of russia and straight sets six three six three it's now dallas fifty eight the season leading
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victory of the of the season will face american john isner next. the second seed alexander's ever and has booked his place in the last day the german had a comfortable straight sets win over the a fifteen in italy sever is currently third in the a.t.p. race to london rankings and an n.f.l. player has been criticized for mocking a female reporter during a press conference take a look at this exchange involving the carolina panthers cam newton and reporter jordan rogering from the charlotte observer you know you take a lot of pride in your seabirds claim that bunches the seem to really embrace the ballot. is brown and make it in the next three yards as i give you a little bit of an enjoyment is even more interesting it's funny to hear female talk about route.
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the reporter involved responded on twitter saying i don't think it's funny to be a female and talk about road so i think it's my job she also said she sought out newton after words but he refused to apologize that's all your support for now it's now back to mary and london all right thanks very much for this news but i'll be back in a few moments time with a full polish and news all the latest on our top stories and much more do stay with out is there a cute couple. the
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sky what they should be no borders up here. only horizons. as an airline we don't believe in boundaries we believe in bringing people together the world's better that way. it is a right for all of us to go where we need to go to feel with things we want to feel . to see the people we want to see. that's why we'll continue to fly the skies providing you with everything we can and treating everyone how they deserve to be treated we do this because we know the travel goes beyond borders and prejudice. the travel teaches compassion the travel is a necessity. the travel is a right for. remember that this world is full of ours to explore. and it's a strange thing for us to be a part. cats are always going places to get a. little capital which makes a great if. when nature is transformed into
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a commodity big business takes a new interest buying landscapes protecting landscapes it's a phenomenal opportunity to be able to use a business model to achieve sustainability of nature but at what risk banks of course don't do that because they have at the heart protection of nature they do that because they see a business of pricing the planet at this time on al-jazeera. the un has strongly criticized the saudi led military coalition.

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