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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  October 6, 2017 9:00pm-10:00pm AST

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also our ability to work for nuclear free were. these weapons of fire and fury have not been used in anger since one thousand nine hundred forty five but the haunting images of hiroshima and nagasaki still testament to their horror that it's al-jazeera london all right still ahead so on the program power of the people we report from puerto rico on how communities are coming together. to harken. and one hundred sixty art galleries all under one roof the best of london's phrase. hello the last twenty four hours to see some pretty heavy rain in the far south asia but as fast as you can get behind that's moved into water will be moving in
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towards north viet nam comes just and beyond that it will probably start to fall apart leaving just the onshore effect of showers down the vietnamese coast and just touching with us at the china but most of this part of china central southern china is now enjoying the sunshine is thirty four less humid degrees and that in hong kong twenty seven in shanghai in the sunshine no breeze at all here and sichuan still sees right off the effort to three weeks now the receding monsoon has taken a pulse and that direction this is fine it can come back because it goes like this it passes on its way out but the push that back out through not put towards the next day is quite an extreme one that the cloud cover is good you're right which officially is out of monsoon season and hard about in the flow and how about seeing some pretty heavy rain recently and given that push through the arabian sea as well it could well be shows a brief return to sort of that's the inland drizzle and fog daily occurrence during the long. it had gone away. there's been quite
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a breeze down the gulf breeze nice or cutter particular drop from the resort drop we get more of it coming back for sunday. sugar the ingredients that bring smiles but it's also the number one culprit in a global health crisis cardiovascular disease that's our number one killer already i would say the hardest part is just discipline we think of that but there is a saying if we throw that sugar into place there's risk factors this is a problem no i bestowed on old is new.
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again i'm reminded of the top stories on al-jazeera saudi arabia's ambassador to the united nations just use respond to a un report that strongly criticizes its role in the war in yemen and. the spanish government's official representative in catalonia has apologized to the violent response by national police during the ban secession referendum on sunday. and the geneva based anti nuclear weapons organization icann has been awarded this year is nobel peace prize. well earlier this week i can say executive director tweeted the donald trump was quote a moral speaking off the wall she used more diplomatic language but make clear her concerns about the u.s. president. the election of president donald trump has made a lot of people feel very uncomfortable with the fact that he alone can authorize
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the use of nuclear weapons and there's nothing people can do to stop him. or you can be with a tweet. who seems to be taking rational decisions very quickly. sort of not listening to expertise is it just puts a spotlight spotlight on what those nuclear weapons really mean. there are no right hands whether for the wrong weapons or meanwhile transfer ported plan to decertify be iranian nuclear deal is being greeted with dismay the european commission says the deal is working and that all sides should stick to their commitments russia's foreign minister is also backing the deal sergey lavrov telling reporters during a visit to kazakhstan that is very important to preserve the equipment in its current form if tom does decertify the pact that he's described as the worst deal ever negotiated then congress would have sixty days to decide whether to reimpose
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sanctions on iran we must not allow iran to or to him to obtain nuclear weapons the iranian regime supports terrorism and exports violence bloodshed and chaos across the middle east that is why we must put an end to iran's continued aggression and nuclear ambitions they have not lived up to the spirit of their agreement well our desires to markham and can join us live now from washington d.c. so what's the feeling tom does it seem likely that the president will decertify this deal. well all the indications are that he will although his own defense minister just a few days ago under questioning in congress said that it would be advisable for the administration to to keep to the deal for the u.s. to keep to the deal nevertheless the president has the final say and the question
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here is will in fact he make a specific recommendation to congress as to whether to reimpose sanctions congress has a lot of breathing room and there's a lot of discomfort among many congressman including those who voted against the deal originally under the obama administration two years ago as to whether this at this time would be inadvisable move some of them of course there are economic consequences as well since then since these sanctions were lifted boeing one of america's biggest manufacturing giants has placed has had iran place twenty billion dollars of orders for airliners supporting what the company says supports one hundred thousand workers and that would certainly the killing that deal would certainly redound to not to the benefit of the president who has talked and campaigned about bringing jobs back to america the question here is what the
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response would be from iran and the allies of the president in congress say that basically they think that iran will cave that they will be forced to come back to the negotiating table. the other question i guess is if the president does decertify the deal what happens to the deal itself i mean there are other policies involved who have signed up to me saying that commitments. well that of course is one of the principle points that or may have been made by some of his advisors who say that this will only alienate further his administration from his allies for so long he's been claiming that he is for unity or cementing relations with the european allies in particular and this would actually go against that it's since it's a multilateral deal it's unlikely that those countries would follow the u.s.
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lead in fact if sanctions were reimposed i might also point out that in fact in july trump did sign legislation which imposed sanctions on iran but only with because of what was regarded as a violation of or violation of human rights understanding's and also their ballistic missile ambitions as well as nuclear strictly nuclear ambitions so he already has within his power the ability to and congress does to reimpose sanctions even before this deal but of course that is within the american framework and not as a multilateral deal told it washington thank you. people on the harken high hurrican hit on into question complaining to the u.s. government that they're not getting enough help to repair the enormous damage that the u.s. vice president is due in the u.s.
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territory later on friday chamfer tonsil reports from congo us all mike pence this trip which is happening just days after donald trump's controversial visit. like much of puerto rico south of san juan was suffering off to use of financial steroids the cutting of social services education pensions as the territory attempted to repay its debts much held by wall street bankers before despite what happened here economy people that we are attending were already in the crisis when we feel right now induct prices coming out of the ground zero of their houses and the more important people already were starving people already were not having the medicine our know having many american a pension giovanni robot or founded a network of community kitchens around puerto rican the commodore a sociologist by resources such as food money and time to be plans to replace the diminishing central government since maria these kitchens have been supplying more than food. for example here they really have been asked if they believe the medical
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assistance. of i don't. i cook dignity center i have a lot of people i know still down we saw this week right there. independence activist all scott lopez rivera was imprisoned for some thirty five years by the us here in puerto rico he's widely regarded as one of the world's longest held political prisoners he says the community activism that's intensified off to maria is a springboard to put a ricotta de colonise from the u.s. and develop its fishing industry eco agriculture eco tourism and alternative energy and washington is not going to let you. know that that's you know i would say i was safe with my we were doing it with. doldrums contention that the puerto rican people simply waiting for government handouts couldn't be further from the truth
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from of puerto ricans are doing it no they just want the government there were not going to not look at this nobody has given these people on anything not even. the man. she overturns the al jazeera targets. the united nations says it's bracing for a further exodus of or hinge of muslim refugees from me and mark already more than half a million ranger who arrived in bangladesh since the end of august they're fleeing a military crackdown in the miramar state of rakhine but has been denounced as ethnic cleansing miramar claims it's combat ing separatist armed fighters there but aid organizations say the security forces and buddhist vigilantes have torched hundreds of the hinge of villages and driven people from their homes. this is not just the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world right now as of today it's
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also one of the most heart rending so i met. an eleven year old boy in a unicef therapeutic feeding center he was cradling in his arms his severely acutely malnourished two and a half year old sister his mother the boy and the boy's four siblings set off on a journey lasting i think nine days fleeing violence and the burning of their village the mother died on the journey this little boy is now in sole charge of his four siblings and al jazeera g.m. has more from cox's bazaar in bangladesh. you hear the word appalling use so much to describe conditions that there were hinder refugees are trying to survive in makeshift camps like this one in cox's bazaar which is on bangladesh's border with me and more let me try to tell you why that is first of all the weather it's
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brutally hot brutally humid then you have the rains you must remember this is still monsoon season that means that when more rains comes the conditions can get more unsanitary that's one of the reasons why aid workers are so afraid that epidemics could break out here at any time why they are trying to prevent that then you have the fact that i mean look at how these these tents are constructed all that these people have to survive the elements with tarp wood and other materials it's very difficult to survive conditions like this when you only have few materials like that it's a real concern and everybody that we've been speaking with be they refugees who arrived in the past month really refugees who arrived in the past few days especially the aid workers all sounding the alarm bells all saying that they expect that things are only going to get worse the u.s. military has pulled out of joint exercises in the gulf as a result of the all going diplomatic crisis targeting cata a spokesman is quoted as saying u.s. central command has abstained from participating in the exercise on falcon held in
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the united arab emirates the decision to abstain from this exercise was out of respect for all of our gulf partners the critical role each place in our shared interest in the region. a funeral with full military honors has been held in northern iraq for the better and kurdish leader. who died three days ago crowds filled the streets of his home city of solomon here to pay tribute to as a convoy carried his body to the burial site taliban he was a champion of the kurdish independence struggle and served as president of iraq for nine years until twenty fourteen he died in a german hospital on tuesday at the age of eighty three. the small pacific island of new a has created a massive marine sanctuary in its waters to try to stop overfishing the remote islands north of new zealand is only two hundred sixty square kilometers but the newly protected marine zone is five hundred times that size roughly the area of
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greece the premier took it to log a says it will stop the depletion of fish stocks and help preserve the oceanic environment for future generations. one of the world's biggest contemporary offices opened in london with one hundred sixty galleries all vying for the attention of collectors across the world it's chance for all of us to see a massive range of top name artists all under one roof but emerging artists they all being excluded charlie angela takes a look at this new type of gallery viewing and what it means for the art world. big brand names they dominate markets and the art market is no exception jeff koons picasso goga this is the blue chip stock on show that frees london in the last ten years the number of international art fairs has leapt from ten to over two hundred disrupting traditional gallery sales the three days freeze hosts one hundred sixty
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galleries under one roof it's a chance to see the maximum number of works in the minimum time we're talking tens of thousands of visitors that come and see and see any any one standard not fair as opposed to a couple of thousand they might visit a gallery show during during its entire two months duration freeze can feel a little bit like a shopping mall exclusive but impersonal these stands can cost anywhere from sixty thousand dollars put on a figure that can cripple small galleries but others just need to make one sale to cover their costs like this one by keith haring for one point two million dollars. as buyers migrate affairs commercial galleries are closing. but without a physical space the gallery isn't allowed to exhibit it freeze as a result emerging artists a missing out on vital exposure it's very difficult for the smaller more bespoke organizations to survive because it's usually a handful of people. there are models being promoted whereby you know single spaces
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where lots of galleries can share facilities but that loses their identity. so artist michael piper's identity is key his work place with pop culture how. he's built his own brand but with no help from the gallery talent comes in you saw the people who don't start but as all successful ones you know it's sort of like you've got to have a real belief in your voice and what you've got to say so actually being ignored worked out well for make that forced me to look at other avenues the big thing for me was actually going on instagram so as some doors closed the internet opens others transforming the art world into a global marketing operation charlie rangel al-jazeera london. and a quick reminder you can find out much more about many of the stories we are covering and i have by going to our web site al jazeera dot com al-jazeera dot com dress.
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and a look at the main stories making news this hour saudi arabia's ambassador to the united nations is due to respond to a u.n. report that strongly criticizes its role in the war in yemen according to u.n. figures the coalition was responsible for the six hundred eighty three child casualties in twenty sixteen and thirty eight verified attacks on schools and hospitals my job was to create facts in a report between january and december the job of this to get their general was to look at the information and see if he'd made it or not listing and frankly. the facts speak for themselves the numbers. the spanish government's official representative in catalonia has apologized for the violent response by police during the bouncer session referendum on sunday castle and health authorities say around nine hundred people were injured as
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a result of the police action. the geneva based anti nuclear weapons organization i can has been awarded this year's nobel peace prize the u.n. secretary general welcomed the unexpected decision tweeting that now more than ever we need a world without nuclear weapons. us president donald trump's reported plan to decertify the iranian nuclear deal is being greeted with international criticism and european commission says the deal is working while russia's foreign minister says it's important to preserve the agreements. the united nations says it's bracing for a further exodus of rich muslim refugees from me and mark already more than half a million were him to have arrived in bangladesh since the end of august they're fleeing the military crackdown in the mammal state of rakhine that has been denounced as ethnic cleansing a funeral with full military honors has been held in northern iraq for the veteran kurdish leader. who died three days ago crowds filled the streets of his home city
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of slavonia taleban he was a champion of the kurdish independence struggle and served as president of iraq for nine years. and those were our latest headlines coming up next his talk to al-jazeera with the iranian foreign minister will have a job as the raif speaking about among other things the iranian nuclear deal join me again for more news in about twenty five minutes time i'll see you then until then thanks for watching. would you. like to see.
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chemical weapons it was an unprecedented moment at the united nations general assembly the president of the united states in front of other world leaders criticizing an international agreement negotiated by another american president the iran deal was one of the worst and most one sided transaction the united states has ever entered and frankly that deal is in a barren spread to the united states and i don't think you've heard the last of it the nuclear be is a result of about ten years of posturing and two years of negotiations and unfortunately this is an illustration is going back to posture today on talk to al-jazeera iran's foreign minister responds to president trump he also discusses the geopolitical changes going on in the middle east from the efforts by ca's to create an independent state in iraq and the siege of qatar to the rivalry between
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iran and saudi arabia all of this when we sit down with iran's foreign minister mohammad zarif. let's start with iran's nuclear issue you know what president donald trump has been saying in terms of it being a bad deal for the united states from his perspective. how seriously do you take that but i think it is. an illegal alien point statement because. certainly any deed would not be a perfect lead for all sides it has to be less than perfect so that all sides could live with it that it has elements that we don't like it has elements that the united states doesn't like but it's not a bilateral trade it's not even a multilateral treaty it is a part of the resolution of the security council which was negotiated.
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in two years very difficult negotiations so i believe that the united states would be much better off if the united states agreed to abide by did the because if it didn't the international community would never trust any commitment by the united states because. it is possible that the administration or the future administration would like the deal and i think any time you could walk away from with the war any of these i think that would be a very bad precedent now how concerned are you about when donald trump and he's our lives particularly inside the united states the republicans talk about. slapping sanctions again on the islamic republic well you see the united says. the policy of imposing sanctions on iran for the past
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forty years basically they have immunized us to u.s. sanctions but from a global perspective it seems that the united states is addicted to sanctions and they believe they have an obsession they believe that sanctions will work in fact i think they should have learned by now that sanctions don't work you cannot impose. pressure on countries to abandon their sovereignty to abandon their dignity for a few restrictions that the united states has imposed on them i think the sooner the united states realizes that this type of behavior this type of policy is bound . to backfire and it's bound to create resistance and strengthen the resolve of the people to move pursue their own policies and their own interests. the sooner the united states achieves this
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important recognition of reality the sooner it can adjust its policies in a way that would even serve the interests of the united states but when you hear these statements coming out of washington from donald trump and he's allies about the agreement not being a good one for the united states from their perspective and you hear their statements about you know reimposing the sanctions feel is that where it stops or geo also here the war drums well i think you see that the nuclear the is the result of about ten years of posturing and two years of negotiations and unfortunately this is ministration is going back to posturing what is important for for iran is that we have maintained our options we have a number of options inside the in and outside the that are open to us and we will
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exercise those options according to our national security interest. we have no control over what the united states does obviously the deal has. reduced the options that are available to the united states there and if the united states makes the wrong decision to withdraw from the then iran has the option of withdrawing. it has other options will come back in a minute or the other options is as you called them but when you listen to the statements by particularly president donald trump do you just hear the voices of u.s. foreign policy or do you also hear the voices of allies of the united states in the region the israelis and the saudis who as you know are very unhappy as they say with iran's role regionally. i see both i see parts of. certain more hard line elements within the united states talking and i also see.
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those regional players who were used to a smokescreen of iran or the nuclear the in order to justify their own bad behavior their own disruptive policies policies that included violations of the rights of the palestinian people. trampling upon their most elemental rights for for the past seventy years which has resulted in terror mostly in our region. aggression against every country in the region by by israel a nuclear weapon policy that has continued to threaten not only the region but the global nonproliferation regime pursued again by israel and an unfortunate policy of supporting extremism and terrorism by saudi arabia that has affected our region if you look at syria if you look at yemen if you look at elsewhere in the region the
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unfortunate saudi posture against qatar. these are all policies that are pursued by saudi arabia have been pursued by saudi arabia and they only use the smokescreen of iran's nuclear program as a way to hide behind it and to sort of justify their own iranians policies i guess the nuclear agreement deprive them of that smokescreen and that. they are screaming back to donald trump do you miss the days of barack obama when it comes to dealing with the administration or do you feel that ultimately donald trump is a pragmatist and he'll do the right thing from your perspective at the end of the day i think situation inside the united states is the business of american people not ours. and whatever the american people do or don't do they were sort of enjoy or suffer the consequences for us of what is important is the global posture of the united states is global behavior it hasn't been positive it has not been conducive
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to stability in our region we have seen the consequences of u.s. policies in our region both historically as well as since president took office and i don't think they've been conducive to peace and stability in the region and i believe it is in the interests of the united states if you revisit those policies i cannot predict where that he will be a pragmatist or not but i certainly believe that the type of policy that is being pursued the type of statements that are being made certainly do not help peace and security in the region not at nor ultimately the interests of the united states you said that iran ultimately has alternatives can you outline some of those alternatives well i think the order of the day in this is ministration is to not be predictable. i want to say being unpredictable is different from being unreliable and this is ministration is proving that it can't be predicted and it can't be
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relied upon iran has shown that it it is a reliable partner we have implemented our side of the bargain up until now seven reports of the international atomic energy agency verified that we have lived up to our own part of the bargain but if the united states decides to even further violate its obligations under. the payment because it has already not been faithful completely to its obligations under the agreement but if he decides to commit any material breach which obligations under under the agreement then iran would have options options that have been. elaborated within the agreement including the option of partial or complete withdrawal from the deed as well as options that would depend on the behavior and the policies of other parties and participants in that regionally you're aware of the positions of countries
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such as saudi arabia for example the criticism that iran. has not been good for the stability of iraq do you see a way out of this situation with the saudis i mean your way to points. as a second first yes we are willing to talk to saudi arabia about our differences we have made it clear to them since we assumed office four years ago that we were prepared to talk to them about regional situation because we do not believe that iran and saudi arabia should have the type of relations that they do have now we believe iran and saudi arabia and other countries in the region should have a cooperative arrangement so that we can augment each other's security not try to undermine the security of one another we believe that the posture in in the persian gulf or saudi arabia is not a positive one policy that it pursues against qatar other policies or saudi arabia
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we believe that they need to be changed they need to be altered but through dialogue that is why we have supported the efforts of the emir of kuwait in the saudi qatar dispute and we have always called for dialogue between countries in the region we have responded positively to every proposal to engage in dialogue including the. proposal by the emir of qatar when he was the chair of the g.c.c. and the proposal by the emir of kuwait when he sent his foreign minister to iran representing the disease you see so that has been our policy ever since on your first. point. it is a matter of historical fact whose policies have been conducive to regional stability and whose policies have supported instability it was an iran that recognized the taliban as the legitimate government of afghanistan it was saudi
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arabia and the u.a.e. the only two countries that recognize taliban other than pakistan were saudi arabia and the u.a.e. it wasn't iran that undermined the government the democratic government of iraq it was saudi arabia we recognized the governing council we sent our ambassador to iraq immediately after the new establishments in two thousand and three saudi arabia paid to send an ambassador to iraq for at least eleven years it wasn't the iran that supported the terrorist extremist groups in syria it wasn't saudi arabia that came to the help of iraqis in erbil and then baghdad when isis invaded the country so we need to be clear about our historical rep record iran has been on the side of stability iran has been on the side of the fighting terrorism and extremism for the past at least since two thousand and eleven two thousand and one we have
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a clear straight record of engaging in every attempt to counter terrorism in the region and and fortunately saudi arabia and the united arab emirates have been on the wrong side the saudis and the like minded countries in the region they've heard these positions from. iran retreated over and over again nonetheless they will say the islamic republic has not stopped trying to export the islamic revolution ever since the islamic revolution took place and therefore they say that's that continues to destabilize all these places whether it's iraq whether it's iran whether it's lebanon. what's the way out again let's look at the fact iran is not spending billions upon billions of dollars exporting the harveys and throughout the world it's saudi arabia look at that we must look at every incident
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of terrorism in the region and in the world who are behind these acts of terrorism they're all financed both ideologically and. financially supported ideologically and financially by saudi arabia this is unfortunate iran has an idea that idea is available we have a democracy people participate in determining their fate my friend we deride our legitimacy and our security from our own people that is something that people like we are not like some who need a foreign bread for their security we're not like some who have to purchase their security by buying four hundred billion dollars worth of beautiful military
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equipment what makes iran secure what makes iran progress is the fact that we are are we rely on our own people the concepts that they are using in order to muddy the waters in order to justify policies that have brought unfortunate disastrous consequences for our reach him. cannot be justified by the smokescreens of exporting revolution saudi arabia needs to stop exporting terror exporting exclusionist extremist ideology of hate is there any situation for us the islamic republic of iran where you would say yes we do understand some of the concerns that the saudis have because these are vital interests for them in iraq in syria in lebanon on in yemen and therefore
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because we do understand them maybe we can find some common ground or do you think that the positions of the islamic republic and saudi arabia are diametrically opposed all along i think even if our positions are diametrically opposed we need to engage in a conversation with other countries in the region because we cannot decide for other countries in the region. with other countries in the region in order to find ways of accommodating we do not need the type of relations that we have now i do not think that these relations are. necessary i do not believe that these relations are in the interest of either iran and saudi arabia and that is why we have said all along that we are ready to talk we are ready to accommodate we are ready to address the concerns of all sides because we believe that geography cannot be changed we are bound to be neighbors we have been neighbors for centuries and we
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are bound to remain neighbors until eternity. it is important for us to find ways of talking to each other to find ways of accommodating each other to find possibilities for addressing our differences through dialogue addressing our grievances through. discussions and discourse rather than through accusations and taking. negative measures that at the end of the day had the people of the region look at the situation in yemen people of yemen are paying a heavy price. i do not believe that the aggression against them and the bombing of the yemenis the fact that seven hundred thousand yemeni people are suffering from colorado today i do not believe none of it is necessary and i do not believe any of it has any interest for saudi arabia or the united arab emirates i believe these
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countries need to look at what they have achieved over the past several years and see whether they are prepared to have to follow a different course of action and if they did it and will be a serious partner for them what do you think the gulf crisis has done to the region you as the islamic republic as as the islamic republic we have a record of. insisting on stability on inviolability of internationally recognized borders and on non interference in the internal affairs of each other we took a strong position against the iraq invasion of kuwait if you if you remember iran condemned iraq invasion of kuwait before g.c.c. that is our position today in the region and we believe that imposition trying to strangulate trying to suffocate. any country is not acceptable we would
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have adopted incidentally the exact same position if people were trying to do this to you eat if people were trying to do this to saudi arabia or to back again. as we did when we opposed the invasion of kuwait or measures against cutter we believe that all issues need to be settled through dialogue and through greater understanding and that is why we proposed in one nine hundred eighty six that we're stablished a regional security mechanism in the persian gulf we are still prepared for that we believe the security council resolution five ninety eight which and the date on iraq war provides us with a framework for doing that and we have called upon our. neighbors to engage in that effort and we believe the sooner we start in gauging each other the more crises we can prevent we have gone through many crises unfortunately the after the iran iraq war we've seen the iraq invasion of kuwait it the iraq war the advent of
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terrorism and extremism in the region u.s. invasion of iraq we have seen the difficulties between qatar saudi arabia and others we have seen other incidents of. instability and more you know our region so the sooner we start discussing these issues around the negotiating table the better we are in preventing further escalation and further reductions in the region there are people who feel that the countries that have imposed a blockade in the gulf they've pushed the qatari. into the arms of iran isn't that a good thing for the islamic republic in the region no. really you see the problems in the region are all like that they. complain about our influence in iraq they complain about our influence in syria all of it happened
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just like the situation in qatar they adopted wrong policies we took the right side and that created influence for iran it's not our choice we don't like what's happening in iraq we don't like what's happening in syria we don't like what's happening between qatar and saudi arabia and the u.a.e. because we believe that what is happening is injurious to the region and whatever harms the stability of our region harms us because we're major parts of this region so while we opened our ports and our airspace to our brothers in tatter what we would have done exactly the same had united arab emirates been threatened we're not happy with it because we believe that these issues need to be settled through peaceful means we believe that nobody should try to bully others we believe that
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differences need to be resolved around the negotiating table not through these measures now the kurds have voted in the referendum what does the referendum now spell to you as the islamic republic of iran having your own kurdish community in in iran but also looking at other kurds throughout the middle east where. again this our policy with regard to the referendum is driven by our quest to see stability in the region we have been and will continue to be eternal friends of the kurds we have our own kurdish population with whom we have excellent relations and we've had excellent relations with the k r g in. in iraq as i said we we were the first to go to their help when they were being attacked and under the threat of occupation by my dash what we consider the referendum first of
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all to be unconstitutional against iraq a constitution and we believe it would create instability dangerous instability inside iraq and at the end of the day it would not serve the interests about of iraq a kurdish friends who have gained a lot since the removal of saddam hussein and can even gain more through negotiations within the framework of the constitutional legitimacy in iraq that is what we have called for and we believe that a random was an imprudent decision going on the opposite way of what would be in the interests of the region and our kurdish friends they have a right to have their own state ever the kurds i believe this issue is a issue of regional stability and regional security and it is important for. our friends in in iraq various communities in iraq
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to come together and maintain territorial integrity and national unity of iraq which is an important arab state an important region a state it is important in our region to respect the boundaries to respect the unity and territorial integrity of all the state in the region otherwise we would be facing situations that would be very difficult to control and would harm the interests of all communities particularly the communities in iraq. forum is the thank you so much thank you.
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in the hash tag era when news coverage consists of a punk jihad line a five second sound bite and an easy solution. dellums deep a thumb says challenge the status quo expose double standards and debate the contradictions join me mad the hot sun for a new season of the show the frank loves us up front. at this time i'll just hear a. natural capital capital which makes a creative. when nature is transformed into a commodity big business takes a new interest buying landscapes protecting landscapes it's a phenomenal opportunity to be able to use a business model to achieve sustainability of nature but at what risk banks of course don't do that because they have at the heart protection of nature they do
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that because they see a businessman pricing the planet as this time on al-jazeera i really feel liberated as a journalist about. getting to the truth as i would that's what this job. how we see the rain forests of the sea we continue on our current way we won't have whole race within twenty thirty forty years from say your sense like trying to recreate the ecosystem but under controlled conditions the mind is so the balance is still that has a house with the climate the great barrier is still sizeable but we've got to start now and we need to get everyone behind the solution tagg know at this time on hold as iraq.
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a u.n. report blames the saudi led military campaign in yemen for the deaths of hundreds of children will bring you the saudi response. bar and this is al jazeera live from london also coming up spain apologizes for a violent police crackdown on castle and secessionists but the political deadlock continues. president trying to pull the plug on the iranian nuclear deal he says iran must not be allowed to get nuclear weapons. as the nobel peace prize goes to a group urging existing nuclear powers to disarm themselves. follow saudi arabia's ambassador to the united nations is very shortly to respond to a u.n. report that strongly criticizes its role in the war in yemen according to u.n.
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figures the coalition was responsible the six hundred eighty three child casualties in twenty sixteen to thirty eight verified attacks on schools and hospitals the un has placed saudi arabia on a blacklist for the killings let's take you live to the united nations a speech our correspondent there mike hanna and mike what else to the u.n. have to say about those deaths in yemen. well the un was highly critical of all parties involved in the yemen conflict the saudi led coalition along with the opposition in particular it lists all the infractions of children's rights that have occurred throughout twenty sixteen quoted the statistics the figures mentioned as well that a large number of hospitals and schools were destroyed during this reporting period well we are going to be hearing a response within the next couple of minutes from the saudi ambassador to the
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united nations. let's go straight and join him now. ladies in gentleman good afternoon i would like to note the presence of my colleagues them bastards from the coalition member states. we have yemen and then by train or roll call we are expecting a few more ambassadors to join us. from egypt from kuwait it is great the united arab emirates. and ireland of the. and other members of the coalition i will read
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a short statement and then i'll be happy to take your question this picking there will be a took north of the annual secretary-general report on children and armed conflict issued on friday six of october two thousand and seventeen which included the coalition to restore legitimacy in yemen in the list of parties that have put in place measures aimed at improving the protection of children very important praise the corporation of the coalition led by saudi arabia and the united nations in this regard. the kingdom of saudi arabia expresses its appreciation to the secretary general as a recognition of the important steps taken by the coalition and the kingdom of saudi arabia to ensure the protection of children and his acknowledgment of the continued cooperation between the coalition and i thought nations and his expressed desire to dip in this in gauge went while the kingdom of saudi arabia expresses its
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welcome and appreciation we reject the inaccurate and misleading information and figures contained in the report and we express our strong reservation with respect to this information at the same time we have affirmed the kingdom of saudi arabia's and the members of the coalition respect for commitment to and compliance with all our obligations under the rules and principles of international law international humanitarian law and international human rights law we exercise the maximum degree of care and precaution to avoid civilian harm that regrettable effects of this conflict are a direct result of the whole theory and forces loyal to former president saleh. use of immoral and illegal actions that put this a billion population at risk including using children as human shields and their
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continued grave violations in this regard with impunity and nor count ability. these heinous acts by the who these and their allies are committed to advance their goals and objectives in complete disregard to the sanctity of human life the kingdom of saudi arabia and the coalition. that we are taking important measures to protect civilians during all military operations to end the suffering of the yemeni people and minimize humanitarian cost. thank you very much please. thank you mr ambassador on behalf of the united nations correspondents association thank you for doing this press briefing by name is it a thought or a from the associated press both the secretary general and
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the special representative for children and armed conflict have said that while the number of incidents by the coalition. involving death and injuries to children have diminished from twenty fifteen there's still too high and they need to be reduced and quite a number of human rights groups have said that they want to know what specific additional measures the coalition is going to be taking to bring down these figures. to a much much lower level thank you thank you very much that's a very important question first of all let me assure you that one casualty is one casualty too many. so whatever the figure is we would consider it too high.
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because the place for children is at schools and playgrounds it is not on the battlefield and it is not where they can be casualties of war so. we continue to endeavor to reduce this number to the lowest possible level and we do so by using various means including defining the rules of engagement on a continuous basis we have been doing that in consultation with the united nations unit for protection of children. we have on. also been active in investigating. all alleged incidents that may have happened and we have already covered many of them and concluded the investigation on them and recently we have established as was indicated by madame
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gamba in her briefing the child protection unit in the headquarters of the coalition which is. making sure that the practices of all the units and all the commands and the operations of the coalition carried out in a manner that helps protect children as much as possible so we are trying to do our best in that regard and we will need to continue to improve our best yes sir thank you mr ambassador i have to a question i want to ask one and. so you're listening there to the saudi ambassador to the united nations responding to that report that was sharply critical of the saudi military coalition in its war in yemen saying that the military campaign was responsible for the deaths of hundreds of children he's been giving his response to that united nations or points he pointed out the saudi arabia is also i
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want to list the policies that are put in place measures to improve protection of children and he would jetted what i've described as the accurate figures in the report you also accused of using human shields are of course one of my kind is listening in to that press conference being held at the u.n. in new york joins me again now and mike i guess that's pretty much what we had been expecting from the saudi ambassador. well not as angry perhaps as one might have expected the ambassador being almost constantly a tree in his opening remarks there making very clear that the engagement between the un and the saudi coalition had borne some fruit eve made very clear that the commitment by the coalition to attempt to include more protections for children within the area of yemen was a complete and was going to be acted upon certainly that confirmation coming from
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the ambassador to the u.n. he's joined as well there by some of the other ambassadors from that saudi led coalition but as you pointed out to he rejected the figures provided by the un without giving any further details about what the figures should be and he also cast most of the blame or portion most of the blame to the goofy led opposition within yemen in a way discarding accountability from the. coalition on to that opposition . my cat the u.n. listings that press conference thanks michael. now spanish media is reporting that process session parties in catalonia parliament are working on a declaration of independence for tuesday. support the unity of spain say they'll
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hold a demonstration in barcelona on sunday to denounce separatist leaders also on friday catalonia as head of police appeared in court facing accusations of sedition out there was called pedal reports. weeks ago he was hailed a hero now catalonia as police chief is the villain appearing in court in madrid major just stepped up air or commander of the regional moscow's disquieted a force was lauded for his swift response to the attacks in barcelona an organist in madrid prosecutors accused him of sedition or for inciting a rebellion by failing to quash support for cattle and secession the process asian leaders of two of catalonia civic and grassroots organizations face the same charge prosecutors say the leaders grabbed up crowds around cattle and government offices on september the twentieth and the human blockade hampered raids by national and civil guard police under orders from government leaders in madrid. so you know it's
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that i invoked the right not to make a statement because i don't recognize this court's competence in relation to the crime we are accused of sedition because we are convinced we have not committed any kind of crime. i believe that on the twentieth of september there was a peaceful civic mobilization and there was never at any point any intention by the demonstrators to do what the prosecution claims and the political crisis is damaging the economy in catalonia banks biotech companies utilities and even spain's largest sparkling wine maker are considering moving their corporate headquarters from catalonia to other parts of spain government ministers in madrid announced on friday they passed a decree making it easier for corporations to relocate if catalonia breaks away it risks taking twenty percent of spain's economy with it. as the crisis lurches on
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the capital and parliament may reschedule a potentially historic meeting tuesday's debate could lead to a full blown declaration of independence and media reports suggest catholic church leaders or perhaps diplomats from switzerland could step in to mediate call pennell al-jazeera boss alone all right still ahead on the program the u.n. is bracing for a further exodus a break from myanmar where all the bangladesh co-director additions they sling violence are getting us. and a chance to own j.f.k.'s. former u.s. presidents belongings are up for auction in new york city. hello it looks like the iranian shores of the caspian are finally dry the cloud tops the white tulle to show how deep the clouds are just the way it took many
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stand leaving behind a bit of greyness maybe but more likely a sunny days twenty three in toronto part is cooling down slowly as is baghdad at thirty six degrees but the skies a largely blue and clear as doesn't true for the west coming on to the shores of lebanon is that increasingly breezy and cloudy weather which by sunday could bring a few showers in as well as far south as maybe jerusalem but nothing else happens in this part of the world the tempest slowly dropping the wind direction i want to watch we see a northerly recently blowing through the gulf that's brought humidity down temperatures have been in the middle thirty's not as high as forty four three a few weeks ago but the wind direction change will bring i think ball more dust into places like bahrain qatar maybe u.a.e. and with. a forecast of cloud that's because of pulse in the monsoon we could see the heavy returning for a couple days a little bit late in the year but the monsoon pulsing on its way out south africa
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has seen some particularly heavy rain recently right in the border with mozambique now it's moving steadily it has been only very very slowly.
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again undermined at the top stories so on i'll just saudi arabia has strongly rejected some of the figures in the united nations report the report criticized the saudi led coalition over the deaths of children in the war in yemen. catalonia as head of police has appeared in court in madrid facing accusations of sedition following sunday's unofficial independence referendum. an anti nuclear weapons organization has been awarded this year's nobel peace prize the international campaign to abolish nuclear weapons or icann is based in geneva the u.n. secretary general welcomed the unexpected decision tweeting that now more than ever we need a world without nuclear weapons on the phillips reports the announcement from norway's capital or the norwegian nobel committee has decided
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to award the nobel peace prize for twenty seventeen. to the international campaign to abolish new weapons i can't. i can't the geneva based coalition of campaigning groups for more than one hundred countries has promoted a treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons. this is a time of great global tension where fear. to unspeakable horror the specter of nuclear conflict looms large once more if there's ever a time for states to declare their opposition to nuclear weapons that moment is now . with north korea's repeated nuclear weapons tests and its trading of insults with the united states war seems a more real possibility now than at any time since the cold war the united states has great strength and patience but if it is forced to defend itself. we will have
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no choice but to totally destroy north korea donald trump is also threatening to take the united states out of the iran nuclear agreement the negotiations for the nuclear treaty were boycotted by the americans but the other nuclear weapons states britain france china russia israel india and pakistan also say they won't sign the message we are sending is to remind them of the commitments that they have already made that say also are obliged to work for nuclear free world. these weapons of fire and fury have not been used in anger since one thousand nine hundred forty five but the haunting images of hiroshima and nagasaki still testament to their horror phillips al-jazeera london. well earlier
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this week i can's executive director tweeted that donald trump was a moron speaking after the award she used more diplomatic language but make clear her concerns about the us president the election of president donald trump made a lot of people feel very uncomfortable with the fact that he alone can authorize the use of nuclear weapons and there's nothing people can do to stop it. or you can be with a tweet. who seems to be taking rational decisions very quickly. sort of not listening to expertise is it just puts a spotlight on our spotlight on what those nuclear weapons really mean. there are no right hands whether it's for the wrong weapons or traumas reported plan to decertify the iranian nuclear deal is being greeted with dismay european commission says the deal is working and that it will sides should stick to their commitments
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russia's foreign minister is also backing the deal so telling reporters during a visit to kazakhstan that it's very important to preserve the agreement in its current form if john does decertify the pact that he's described as the worst deal ever negotiated congress would then have sixty days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions on iran. we must not allow iran to attain to obtain nuclear weapons the iranian regime supports terrorism and exports violence bloodshed and chaos across the middle east that is why we must put an end to a rare and continued aggression and nuclear ambitions they have not lived up to the spirit of their agreement the united states has lifted its economic sanctions against sudan it's had sanctions against the african nation for twenty years u.s.
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officials cited improved human rights and progress on counter-terrorism as reasons behind the decision easing of sanctions began under the obama administration it was opposed by human rights groups the united nations says it's bracing for a further exodus to bring in jim muslim refugees from me amal already more than half a million ranger have arrived in bangladesh since the end of august they're fleeing a military crackdown in the b.m.r. state of rakhine that's been denounced as ethnic cleansing the m our claims it's combating separatist armed fighters there but aid organizations say the security forces and buddhist vigilantes have torched hundreds of or hinge of villages and driven people from their homes this is not just the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world right now as of today it's also one of the most heart rending so i met. an eleven year old boy in
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a unicef therapeutic feeding center he was cradling in his arms his severely acutely malnourished two and a half year old sister his mother the boy and the boy's four siblings set off on a journey lasting i think nine days fleeing violence and the burning of their village the mother died on the journey. michelle boy's now in so much of his full state flings. john james has more from coke's as bizarre in bangladesh you hear the word appalling use so much to describe conditions that they were him to refugees are trying to survive in makeshift camps like this one in cox's bazaar which is on fungal dishes border with me and more let me try to tell you why that is first of all the weather it's brutally hot brutally humid then you have the rains you must remember this is still monsoon season that means that when more rains comes the conditions can get more unsanitary that's one of the reasons why
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aid workers are so afraid that epidemics could break out here at any time why they are trying to prevent that and you have the fact that i mean look at how these these tents are constructed all that these people have to survive the elements with tarp wood and other materials it's very difficult to survive conditions like this when you only have few materials like that it's a real concern and everybody that we've been speaking with be they refugees who arrived in the past month be they refugees who arrived in the past few days especially the aid workers all sounding the alarm bells all saying that they expect things are only going to get worse. cambodia's government as far as a lawsuit to dissolve the main opposition party its leader come sako was arrested and charged with treason last month his cambodian national rescue party says his detention was politically motivated and he denies trying to overthrow the government prime minister hun sen has been accused of cracking down on opponents
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ahead of next year's general election boris louis is following that story from kuala bull. cambodian government lawyers in their lawsuit filed on friday accused at the main opposition party can both be a national rescue party of conspiring with foreigners to topple the government this attempt to disband the party comes about a month after the party's leader cam saka was arrested and charged with treason a few days ago the party's deputy leader left the country and went into self exile after being warned that she too would be arrested and charged with treason now half of the country's opposition members of parliament have left the country opposition politicians government critics and analysts say these moves appear to be attempts by the prime minister who sent to decimate his strongest political opponents ahead of national elections to be held next year. there are indications that the ruling party will face a strong challenge at the ballot box in local elections held in june it lost ground
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and it only narrowly won the last general election in two thousand and thirteen that was the ruling party worst ever showing at the ballot box in the country return to a full democracy in one thousand nine hundred ninety eight now opposition politicians aren't the only targets in recent months the government has also been clamping down on free speech and dissent shutting down several radio stations as well as a well respected newspaper this is led many to question whether cambodia is national elections to be held in july next year can truly be free and fair. a gun show that was shadowed for this weekend at a las vegas casino has been canceled the organizers say it didn't seem prudent in light of sunday's mass shooting which left fifty nine people dead gun homicides have become a common cause of death in the u.s. but the federal government still does not fund research into gun control the state of california is looking to change that as jacob reports. a few facts are clear
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the u.s. leads the world in gun violence it has the most relaxed gun laws of any developed economy and americans own more guns than anyone else but there's almost no good data on gun violence in the us because the government does not fund gun research here since one thousand nine hundred ninety six congress has forbidden the centers for disease control which tracks all threats to human health from pursuing any research that might advocate for gun control essentially killing the study of gun violence but researchers have found new methods of measuring the effects of so many guns siddarth size part of a stanford research group that uses computing power to model the effect of so-called right to carry laws on the states that passed legislators have argued that carrying a weapon or to turn a crime but that is not what the math shows. a right to carry lives increase crime
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unless specifically there's pretty robust findings that violent crime would increase between thirteen fifteen percent every year tens of thousands of americans die of the loop and that's why the government here has spent billions studying the outbreaks and promoting safety of producing cheap vaccines but guns kill more americans than that and yet the government does not effectively study that's why california is going its own way the california state legislature just put aside five million dollars to establish a california firearm violence research center at u.c. davis to study the unique side effects of guns in america by frank zimring of u.c. berkeley says research about california could reveal truths about the nation so if you can get the answers in sacramento california you have answers that are probably going to apply for the rest of the country and the rest of the organized world perhaps it's the first step to truly understand the risks in
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a country that has more guns than people. aboard al-jazeera berkeley california well many americans look back fondly on the era of j.f.k. it is one hundred years since president john f. kennedy was born on some of his belongings from the white house are up for auction as christensen reports. they were an american version of a royal family john f. kennedy with his wife jackie and their two young children were the symbol of the nation's vibrancy the kennedy era now remembered fondly as camelot camelot was the term you use to describe the joy of life that seemed to come with the kennedy family somehow the kennedys sort of rolled with the punches so to speak and dealt with it in an elegant intelligent fashion and all much beloved now from j.f.k.'s flight jacket to jackie o's lace veil
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a new york auction house is hoping to capitalize on what at least appears to have been a simpler time a time when the country was more united. perhaps never so united as in grief after the young president's assassination in one thousand nine hundred sixty three the auction includes two swords that hung above the president's casket in the white house and the lace veil strikingly similar to one the first lady wore to her husband's funeral and a meeting with the pope. having come directly from her secretary it's sort of impossible to know was this could she have had a second one you don't really. taking the cautious view and saying you know it could well be that one but we can't say conclusively but with the president's speedboat swim trunks and cigars also available the auction house is betting bidders will pay big for their own piece of camelot christian salumi al jazeera new
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york. and reminder of the headlines here on al-jazeera saudi arabia has rejected a united nations report that strongly criticizes its role in the war in yemen according to u.n. figures the coalition was responsible for six hundred eighty three child casualties in twenty sixteen to thirty eight verified attacks on schools and hospitals saudi arabia's ambassador to the u.n. had this reaction. we reject the and i created misleading information and figures contained in the report and we express our strong reservation with respect to this information. at the same time we have with the kingdom of saudi arabia's and the members of the coalition respect for commitment to and compliance with all our obligations under the rules and principles of international law international
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humanitarian law and international human rights law spanish media are reporting that procession parties in catalonia as part of and to working on a declaration of independence for tuesday. as head of police appeared in court in madrid facing accusations of sedition and catalan to support the unity of spain say they will hold a demonstration in barcelona on sunday to denounce separatist leaders. a geneva based anti nuclear weapons organization i can has been awarded this year's nobel peace prize un secretary-general welcome the unexpected decision tweeting that now more than ever we need a world without nuclear weapons. u.s. president donald trump's plan to decertify the iranian nuclear deal is being greeted with international criticism the european commission says the deal is working while russia's foreign minister says it's important to preserve the agreement. the united states has lifted its economic sanctions against sudan after twenty years a u.s. official cited improved human rights and progress on counterterrorism in the
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african nation as reasons behind the decision. the united nations says is bracing for a further exodus of rahane gemma's of refugees from me a man already more than half a million rand to have arrived in bangladesh since the end of august they're fleeing a military crackdown in the miramar state of rakhine that is being denounced as ethnic cleansing and those were his headlines here on al-jazeera inside stories coming next i'm back with the news into the five minutes. the historic international nuclear deal with iran could collapse a key deadline is looming and all eyes are on the u.s. president donald trump you've never liked you or can the agreement survive if
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washington gives it the thumbs down this is inside story. we're . we're. hello and welcome to the program i'm to the u.s. president donald trump calls it an embarrassment and the worst deal ever but when iran and six countries reached a nuclear agreement two years ago it was seen as a landmark and now it could unravel well trump has to review the deal and decide if iran is keeping to its end of the bargain and whether it serves u.s. interests the deadline for him to make that decision is fast approaching the signatories to the deal say to her on is complying and they are against scrapping or modifying it's a trump says iran is not living up to the spirit of the agreements. we must not
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allow iran to obtain to obtain nuclear weapons the iranian regime supports terrorism and exports violence bloodshed and chaos across the middle east that is why we must put an end to iran's continued aggression and nuclear ambitions they have not lived up to the spirit of their agreement. while the iranian president hassan rouhani calls those allegations baseless during last month's un general assembly in new york he warned of a decisive and resolute response if any of the parties violated the deal and of the u.s. decides to withdraw from the pact iran says it could abandon the agreements altogether so the nuclear deal was signed back in twenty fifteen between to iran and six world powers the u.s. the u.k. france china russia and germany so what exactly does it involve while it was agreed
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sanctions against iran would be lifted in exchange for the government's curbing if its nuclear program the deal restricts among other things the amount of nuclear fuel that iran can keep for the next fifteen years and prevents its ability to use to radioactive materials uranium and plutonium to create weapons to do that iran stockpile of low enriched uranium had to be reduced by ninety eight percent and two thirds of its installed centrifuges cuts the deal also calls for a sanctions to be imposed quickly if the agreement is violated and inspectors from the un's nuclear watchdog get access to iran's nuclear sites any time the agreement must be certified by the u.s. president every ninety days so the next deadline is october fifteenth and of donald trump doesn't certify it it will be up to congress to decide what to do let's bring in our guests we have. he's a professor of world studies at the university of to her on joining us from
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washington d.c. is hillary mann leverett. as a former u.s. state department official and from vienna thought if the rules he's the former head of the verification and security policy coordination office at the international atomic energy agency itself welcome to you all hillary mann leverett trump has certified this deal twice before why is he now expected to decertify its. well he has made clear through his presidential campaign and since he was inaugurated as president that he has not liked this deal and his intention was to get out of this deal somehow he has pushed his his national security and foreign policy team since he took office to try to find a way out the problem for him is that there's not an easy way out there's no credible alternative to this deal and there's no problem on the iranian side the international agency that is charged with monitoring this deal the i.a.e.a. has never found a single violation of any credibility from the iranian side so that leaves the
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president trumps team here with very little to work with they can't cite any technical violations as they call it of the agreement and they don't have and they don't have an alternative so up until now president trump has essentially been in his own words forced to certify iran's compliance and to continue waving the sanctions what we understand is happening now though is that his team has somehow come together with a policy that he can he could choose to adopt though it's not final he may not where he says that he wrote that this agreement is not in u.s. vital national security interests he will not cite any real violations by iran but just say it's not in u.s. national security interests and then the congress would decide whether or not to reimpose sanctions which would take the united states out of the deal we'll talk about a number of issues that you raise in a moment but first let me just get the sense from each of my guests about where they think trump stands when it comes to decertify and as the old thought of over
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here in vienna what it what is your sense of what the president is expected to do want to over the fifteenth. well u.s. media reports suggest that he will decertify with the iran but this will then mean that the united states will be perceived as an unreliable partner it would be a blow to the un security council because they're on the list sanctified by security council resolution twenty two thirty one and in the future countries would be reluctant to make agreements with the united states if they think that successive governments would abandon previously agreed deeds and this is also a quandary for international law of bank does sort of some sort of bound up where a state is responsible for living up to its international legal obligations and these do not change just because there is a change in government it's just to be perfectly clear if trump doesn't davy certify this deal then that doesn't mean that it is the end of the deal so i see the but how is ron looking at all of this.
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you know it's generally difficult to get iranians americans and europeans and the same page and then you can in agreement was an instant that this actually happened and as you have been watching the reactions we have former wal-mart officials or administration officials writing op ed pieces. going on television shows defending the nuclear actually meant any ron president rouhani and. foreign minister zarif. are doing basically the same thing they worked very hard in research visit in new york to save the deal so there is a consensus basically among you don't ians europeans and. most american observateur of iran and the middle east politics that this is
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a good agreement the problem that we have is donald trump's promised campaign to turn up the nuclear age limit and then we have a small minority of iran harks that don't like the agreement and what they are planning to do apparently is to have it both ways basically to have sanctions to have more sanctions and then at the same time not technically while it the agreement so they will have restrictions iran's nuclear program and this is not going to be good news for you know any and officials that accepted the agreement the agreement the idea behind the agreement was to reduce sanctions not to increase sanctions and iran has the old feel like that says that this could be good in your mind around the wing of the. yes i think so because. nor iranian politician can justify putting severe the sections on the un's nuclear
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program and at the same time get a new sanctions alone reveal so this is going to be difficult for you don't know officials to continue it and i think this is going to put the nuclear agreement in serious jeopardy hillary mann what's the strategy behind pushing the ball to congress. the strategy is is is in some ways not not so not so coherent and i think not readily understandable for those outside of washington it's not in fact as a priority to re-impose sanctions on iran what the strategy is is to build this and essentially a united front between the white house and congress to work with the europeans to build in a pretext to force iran to commit some sort of violation of either the deal or of a european u.s.
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consensus now that may seem strange but they've made some significant progress with that what the trump ministration has done is they've really kept congress at bay telling them we don't want to reimpose sanctions right now so you don't have a big call from congress to impose sanctions and then you see the trouble ministration work very hard and very closely with in particular the french but also the british in particular with french president macaron to try to figure out is there a way that they could have a what they would call a supplemental agreement the united states could call it negotiate renegotiating the agreement and the europeans can call it a supplement that would address other issues which the united states wants to bring out like iran's missile program like iran's support for groups such as hezbollah and others other things that have long been on the u.s. list of what they may describe as concerns about iranian behavior the point of that would be to push iran to not accept it and for iran to be the one that collapses
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the nucular deal that's essentially what the strategy is coming forward and i think will be unveiled next week though of course president trump can decide anything at the last minute as he's want to do so what you're saying is that the trumpet ministration is looking to challenge iran on a number of other fronts without breaking the nuclear agreements. yes and two principle ways to gain consensus with the europeans to add additional areas with which to force iran to to negotiate on the ballistic pro ballistic missile program and on iran support for various groups in the middle east and then the second area very importantly would be to push the i.a.e.a. to push here the europeans to support this in the i.a.e.a. the international organization charged with monitoring the nucular agreement to push them to insist on inspecting other sites that are not necessarily sites that have been declared nucular sites for example military sites conventional military
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sites the united states has long wanted access to those in iran and so those are the avenues that the trauma ministration sees possibilities for gaining more leverage these would be the europeans and against iran to have a an entirely new set of ground rules for how the united states works in the middle east to target or overcome the europeans be pushed on such issues in your opinion and what do you think their european response is going to be to all of this is if trump actually decertified the deal we have heard from the president the french president mccall who is saying that there is no alternative to the nuclear of course what do they do well just this morning the european union issued a statement saying the iran nuclear deal was the best way forward for a long term solution of the iranian nuclear file and that all parties should abide by this agreement. if the congress imposes new sanctions on iran that are not
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nuclear related but the sanctions impact on european businesses extractor tory are expecting a tory early then you will have a problem and will need to decide whether they also pull out or whether they continue to maintain this deal and support their industries that are targeted by the exchequer or the sanctions by the u.s. if however congress passes sanctions that. us specific and they do not being alive european businesses and banks then we are in a different situation but regardless i think european businesses will feel will feel the chill and would be very concerned about hefty fines being imposed on them as has been done in the past so how much pressure is this going to put on european allies say it's a get out of the deal well the iran agreement is the single main accomplishment of the european union as the union so i think there will bass very hard to preserve this deal and also endeavors to continue its implementation even if the u.s.
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backs out of the deal i.a.e.a. inspections continue in iran under iran's agreement with the i.a.e.a. pursuant to the nuclear nonproliferation treaty and then there are separate mental inspections under the joint comprehensive plan of action and i.a.e.a. already has the authority under iran's voluntary implementation of its additional protocol to seek access to sites that are not declared as nuclear but there is a mechanism under which iran can provide satisfaction to their concerns short of providing access and there is something called managed access underweight juran good except visits to military sites. on specific for specific purposes where persist so to speak a frog or is that it would you like to respond to that's my guest from vienna and also tell us does this in any way if the deal worth one raval if a tram does decertified and then congress impose
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a sanctions does the same courage iran then to restart its nuclear program. yes i think if the u.s. gets out of the nation in agreement it would be difficult for the iranian government to a say in it because after all the major sanctions that we have are u.s. sanctions and because of the snapback mccann ism and the un us will have the ability to bring the u.n. sanctions back as well so this is not going to be acceptable for you and there are some people in iran that are saying that iran not only should get out of the new can in agreement you don't should get out of the n.p.t. nonproliferation treaty because after all being part of n.p.t. should have some benefits for the countries that have signed the agreement and from the nine hundred sixty s. up to now nobody can present any evidence that n.p.t. has been good for iraq so this is going to be something very serious for the future
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if you don't see the program you don't is not interested in making a nuclear weapon but iran does not want to be. following saddam hussein in terms of allowing different inspectors generally generally some of them at least linked to intelligence services to be visiting iranian military sites that's what saddam did and we remember what happened to him so the idea is not only to get kind words from europeans what iran wants when europeans and concrete actions for example suing the u.s. . they were all passing legislation at the e.u. basically protecting companies that are dealing with you don't these concrete actions actually can benefit iran and politicians if they want to argue in terms of saying in their nuclear agreement but if you just goes along with us then i
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think the nuclear agreement is going to end. hillary mann leverett in his speech to the u.n. general assembly that is last month described as one of the worst and most one sided transactions the u.s. has ever has ever entered into and he calls it an embarrassment then at the same time you have the defense secretary james mattis who just recently when asked whether he believed that the iran deal was in the national interest of the country he said yes i do what do you make of these different comments. well in fact i would i would go back just a little bit further to the obama administration even though this agreement was hailed as a tremendous victory the signature achievement of the obama administration in foreign policy even president obama did not have the political will to submit this agreement to the congress as a kind of treaty which would bound the united states and any future administration
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so we would not even be in this situation if president obama had had the political will to submit it to congress it would have bound future administrations it would have been a binding agreement for the united states under international law because president obama didn't do it because the congress wouldn't accept it there is there has always been i would call it a vocal but very well funded and extreme part of the american policy elite that sees the u.s. invasion for example of iraq and the overthrow of saddam hussein and even before that as professor of the deal was pointing out the massive sanctions and sanctions mechanism that him imposed on iraq they see all of that as successful because it brought down massive iraki arab military power in the middle east they see that as a success never mind the people that died there but they see that as this as a success what's happening now is that same small group of people are now being essentially empowered not just in congress but at the at the cia within the white
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house to have influence over us the u.s. policy direction what's holding them back is not a group that presents an alternative not a group that says hey we could work with the islamic republic of iran it's an important power we can work with where our interests overlap and we could negotiate where they where they diverge no this alternate group says iran is still a bad actor but the united states much must respect its agreements and we can push iran in other ways that group is personified by secretary of state tillerson secretary of defense mattis and probably national six. already advisor mcmaster in the white house so there is this debate there is a conflict within the administration but it's not a conflict between two real alternative views it's basically a view that sees iran as another target like saddam hussein's iraq and the other view that sees iran still as a bad player but can be undermined in other ways where the united states doesn't
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have to break its word in the nuclear agreement well a group that campaigns for the total ban of nuclear weapons has been now awarded the nobel peace prize the nobel committee said it wanted to honor the work done by the international campaign to abolish nuclear weapons especially with the increased threat of nuclear conflict listen we are sending messages in fact to all states but also in particular to the nuclear weapon states. because it is a fact that states are in a different situation the majority of the states of the world who have. signed the ban treaty can do so without an immediate consequence on. their armies and. they don't have to disarm where of course nuclear states are in a different position and we do realize that it has to be
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a slower process for them but the message we are sending is to remind them of the commitments that they have already made that say also are obliged to work for euclid free world so that happened recently let's just broaden out the discussion for just a moment thought it over if america pulls out of this a quarrel with iran what is the message there that is being sent to countries like north korea for example. well i think the message particularly for north korea would be that it's not worth making a deal with that washington because there is no certainty that the current government or a future government would abide by such an agreement the international community of more than one hundred twenty two states has sent a clear message by approving this treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons which has already been signed on the very fifth day that it opened for signature by
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more than fifty countries and already ratified by three of them and as the bell prize committee chair was just mentioning in your clip the five nuclear weapons they thought already obligated under the nuclear nonproliferation treaty to end the nuclear arms race and to work through its nuclear disarmament with the award of the nobel peace prize to this international campaign for the abolition of nuclear weapons which represents a broad coalition in many different countries it's a very clear message that nuclear weapons no longer play a role in today's international security challenges nuclear weapons are not useful in solving the problems in the middle east and nuclear weapons certainly are not useful in solving the issue with the north koreans but hillary mann leverett isn't there a bit of a double standard here when the focus is on iran and now the threat is that the the deal might unravel and then you have countries for example israel who has nuclear capabilities yet no one talks about that especially in washington sure absolutely i
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mean even not even with iran itself before you know before the revolution and one nine hundred seventy nine the united states supported the shah of iran having not just a nuclear capability but we supported his development of nuclear weapons that's how this whole thing even starts in iran with the nuclear cooperation with the united states because united states wanted the shah of iran to have nuclear weapons as we have supported israel's acquisition of nuclear weapons the double standards are are far too many and too deep to to recount or. but it's not just how the united states reacts to the the iran agreement it's also what the united states did to libya after libya agreed to dismantle all of its nuclear and other other weapons programs but i think significantly although it sends a very important message the nobel peace prize to this organization it's very important it to keep reality where it is in terms of what's happening in washington a idea that the united states would no longer use nuclear weapons is no longer is
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no longer there there is now a discussion that the united states could actually use what they call tactical percentage and guided nuclear weapons to achieve goals that's very much back on the table in washington for the final word to you just tell us how much work iran will put will put in to try and save this deal with the u.s. as well as with europe in just thirty seconds or so. you know you know you know it's funny that if miss any. of this it isn't it is. on the short list of the nobel prize nobel peace prize this year and this i think is an indication that this is actually getting rid of nuclear weapons if you can get all these two parties. on the nuclear agreement and you know and has been asking for many years for a nuclear free middle east and the people who have been opposing it the hawkish
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elements in washington that are in power the israeli government and basically u.s. allies all right leave it there we thank you very much for joining us to all of my guests. leverett and taught at the thank you for speaking to us on inside story and thanks for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com for further discussion you can go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com for its story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story from myself and the whole scene here in doha the bye for now.
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in the. news coverage of looking for an easy solution we delve deeper and challenge the status quo join the hot sun for a new season of the front at this time. the story that had the greatest impact on me would probably be the. miners died and we where there were no fanfare television hanging on that spot at that time to this is some of the times the story of the story and films and. i like to tune that i want the viewer in malaysia like al-jazeera english because the news is not fair but and if they miss any of the
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news or any of it they still can watch it on my. micro capital capital which microcredit. when nature is transformed into a commodity big business takes a new interest buying landscapes protecting landscapes it's a phenomenal opportunity to be able to use a business model to achieve sustainability of nature but at what risk banks of course don't do that because they have at the heart protection of nature they do that because they see a business man pressing the planet at this time on al-jazeera i really felt liberated as a journalist was about getting to the truth as i would that's what this job.
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this is al-jazeera. hello everybody i've listed on the wall welcome to this news hour live from london coming up in the next sixty minutes. saudi arabia rejects the figures in a u.n. report claiming it's the deaths of hundreds of children in yemen. the nobel peace prize is given to a group mission is to abolish nuclear weapons and its director is not mincing her words. the election of president donald trump made a lot of people feel very uncomfortable with the fact that he alone can authorize the use of weapons and there's nothing people can do to stop it. trust me one is set to decertify be rainy and you clear the could unravel the entire. and i'm forest well have all your days sport including some reassuring words from
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the head of capt r twenty twenty two when the regional blockade poses no risk to the world cup. fellow saudi arabia's ambassador to the un has rejected the figures in a un report on the number of children its military campaign in yemen has killed according to the un the saudi led coalition was responsible for six hundred eighty three child casualties in twenty sixteen and four thirty eight verified attacks on schools and hospitals. described the figures as misleading we reject the inaccurate and misleading information and figures contained in the report and we express are stronger as a relation with respect to this information. at the same time we have with reaffirm the kingdom of saudi arabia's and the members of the coalition respect for
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commitment to and compliance with all our obligations under the rules and principles of international law international humanitarian law and international human rights law we exercise the maximum degree of care and precaution to avoid civilian harm the regrettable effects of this conflict are a direct result of the whole theory and forces loyal to former president saleh. use of immoral and illegal actions that put this in billion population at risk of speak live now that is there is mike hanna who's that united nations for us and mike what did you make of the saudi response. well it was interesting that the ambassador began his response by making very clear that saudi arabia and the saudi led coalition were in deep talks with the united nations that they were committed to instituting protection or greater protection for children in liaison with the
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united nations he then went on as you heard to play in there the united nations figures were incorrect saying that the brunt of the responsibility for the violence in yemen must rest in the hands of the hooty opposition but he made very clear that the saudi coalition in words at least is committed to improving the safety of children now earlier in her report virginia. the represent the u.n. representative who drafted this annual report acknowledge that there had been engaged meant to the saudi led coalition that there had been movement in terms of adding extra protections but she also said that the coalition must still be held accountable it still has charges to answer this is precisely what she said these initiatives are steps in the right direction nevertheless i urge the coalition to improve its approach since despite these measures grave violations against children
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continued at an acceptable the high levels in two thousand and sixteen here the report making very clear that more movement has to be created by the alliance in terms of creating greater protection for children and less damage to property as such as hospitals and schools before it can be removed from the annual list of shame or blacklist by kind of the latest there at the u.n. thank you mike i'm going to speak now to caroline unning senior conflict and humanitarian advisor at save the children thanks for coming in caroline what are the source first of all that you've been hearing of hell children are being affected by the war by the violence in yellow. what children in yemen you know would all start to see on the ground every day is that they're trapped in the middle of a really brutal war that is not their making and they're really being attacked from all sides so there are the attacks that are coming up in this report you know children being in engine is injured in as strike their schools being bombed
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children being maimed and we see that every day children with burns all over their bodies children with life changing injuries toddlers with life changing injuries but there's also the other side of it the humanitarian crisis so huge numbers of children who are on the brink of starvation children impacted by cholera so they're being hit from all sides but all of that is a direct result of the conflict what was interesting was that saudi arabia will strongly criticized the killing and injuring of children in yemen but the u.n. also said that riyadh was one of the policies that was putting in place measures to improve the protection of children but has been criticized by some organizations like amnesty international and say that there's no proof that saudi arabia has been doing that how do the save the children think of the report was so we want to save the children of the i mean specific the fact that the report did mention that we had has put in place these extra protections and started to anyway so the saudi arabia led coalition with one of a number of parties that was listed in this new b.
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category which is basically parties that are put in place some measures to improve i mean we have campaigned for the last kind of six months for this to be a robust report that does listen to the lead coalition alongside all the parties in yemen as far as we're concerned they've been listed they should be ashamed as should everybody who is on this devastating list you could argue that there have been some improvements made we have seen some improvements in there the number of hospitals targeted for example but the reality is what our staff see on the ground every day is a continuation of attacks on civilians attacks on civilian areas reports of folks children killed in an airstrike just yesterday and very very difficult for humanitarian agencies to operate of the children to live their lives so you know as far as we're concerned there hasn't been nearly enough of an improvement and she. also point out of course that the u.n. was strongly critical also of the who feeds the other side in this particular conflict i mean this report wasn't just about yemen it was about children being the victim of conflicts right across the world and one of the staggering statistics i think came out of afghanistan the absolutely gana star more than three thousand
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child casualties last year to put that into context yemen had about one thousand three hundred the highest we've ever seen in afghanistan ever recorded which is really a depressing statistic and there's a number of reasons why that is the case an increase in ground fighting roadside bombs that are very dangerous for children as well as airstrikes and it just shows you know we have coming in the report shows some progress on issues like child soldiers but it also paints a very depressing picture for children in conflicts around the world in afghanistan and iraq in yemen in syria around the world children of victims of conflicts that are not of their making the thing is it's hard for you and i sitting in this you know noise plus studio here in london to understand how children end up being the victims all these conflicts how in some cases children for example all turned into child soldiers or by others might deliberately target it but it happens unfortunately i mean the save the children is an aid agency that works in conflict zones all around the world we know all too well how it happens and happens because
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people do not take the care to protect children people don't make the effort to protect children you know they're either intentionally harming them sometimes children are targeted to harm the community because they make a child soldiers because you know a school makes a good military base sometimes they just haven't made the effort to not harm them so unfortunately you know we're seeing a world in which children a caught up in very brutal and conflicts often without any discrimination between civilians and military targets and we need to see much much more effort made to protect those children come in very depressing but appreciate it john thank you. now anti nuclear weapons organization has been awarded this year's nobel peace prize the international campaign to abolish nuclear weapons or icann is based in geneva the u.n. secretary general welcomed the unexpected decision tweeting that now more than ever we need a world without nuclear weapons wanna be phillips reports. the announcement from
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norway's capital or from the norwegian nobel committee has decided to award the nobel peace prize for twenty seventeen to the international campaign to abolish new weapons i can i can the geneva based coalition of campaigning groups for more than one hundred countries has promoted a treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons. this is a time of great global turns. where fear could all easily lead us to unspeakable horror the specter of nuclear conflict looms large once more if there's ever a time for states to declare their opposition to nuclear weapons that moment is now . with north korea's repeated nuclear weapons tests and its trading of insults with the united states you clear war seems
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a more real possibility now than at any time since the cold war the united states has great strength and patience but if it is forced to defend itself or is our lives we will have no choice but to turn only destroy north korea donald trump is also threatening to take the united states out of the iran nuclear agreement the negotiations for the nuclear treaty were boycotted by the americans but the other nuclear weapons states britain france china russia israel india and pakistan also say they won't sign the message we are sending is to remind them of the commitments that they have already made that they also are obliged to work for nuclear free world. these weapons of fire and fury have not been used in anger since one thousand nine hundred forty five but the
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haunting images of hiroshima and nagasaki still testament to their horror to be phillips al-jazeera london well earlier this week i can't executive director tweeted the donald trump was a moral speaking after the war she used more diplomatic language but make clear her concerns about the u.s. president the election of president donald trump has made a lot of people feel very uncomfortable with the fact that he alone can authorize the use of nuclear weapons and there's nothing people can do to stop him. so you can be with a tweet. who seems to be taking rational decisions very quickly. sort of not listening to expertise is it just puts a spotlight spotlight on what those nuclear weapons really mean. there are no right hands whether it's for the wrong weapons or we will trance reported plan to decertify the of rainy and nuclear deal is being greeted with dismay european
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commission says the deal is working and that all sides should stick to their commitments russia's foreign minister is also backing the deal so telling reporters during a visit to kazakhstan that it's very important to preserve the agreement in its current form well if trouble does decertify the pact that he's described as the worst deal ever to go stated congress would then have sixty days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions on iran we must not allow iran to or to him to obtain nuclear weapons the iranian regime supports terrorism and exports violence bloodshed and chaos across the middle east that is why we must put an end to iran's continued aggression and nuclear ambitions they have not lived up to the spirit of their agreement to speak to our desires correspondent tom ackerman live in washington and thomas is looking pretty certain now but the president will
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decertify the deal. well it's not certain and we must point out that there are advisers to the president in the white house and close to him including defense secretary james mattis who publicly just a few days ago said that it is in the interest of the united states in the interest of the united states and its security interests to keep to the agreement so in the face of that if trump says that he is ignoring those advisors and saying that. that is more important that the united states see that iran abides by the spirit what he calls the spirit of the agreement rather than the letter of the agreement that in fact it looks clear that that will be the decision of congress to decide what the next step will be what step that will be
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it's a good question some of his allies on capitol hill say that their real objective is to force iran to go back to the negotiating table and expand its its mandate or rather its requirements to go beyond just complying with the strict aspects of the the deal with nuclear development and go on to restrict their ballistic missile development curtail their. association with and support with the groups like hezbollah elsewhere in the middle east and so that would entail a very very complex negotiation and as you indicated the european commission the european commission has already indicated that they say that the remit is working and none of the. allies who are co signatories to the pact are inclined to open it up again so will that leave america isolated an alienated from
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its allies that is another consideration of congress listening indeed on you know the wider question is well will the deal survive without one of its key signatories but there are as you pointed out all the signatories to this tale who are very much a favor of it continuing. well the many people here project that in fact the other countries will continue to trade with iran. by the way the big economic factors and powers within the united states who have already begun to reengage with iran boeing which is signed a twenty billion dollar deal with iranian airlines which it says supports one hundred thousand workers in america that's going to be a factor that congress will have to consider but of course that and then boeing is in competition with airbus which is also going to be providing the iranians with
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planes so the u.s. there is some blowback for the united states and that is something that the united states congress will have to be considering as it looks at its options after the president throws the ball into its court so i can in washington thank you. all right there's plenty of also to come here on the al-jazeera news hour including thousands gathered to pay their respects to iraq's former president and that trend kurdish leader to allow. i'm hiring with us a reporting from trying to. find out why thousands of people are fleeing the democratic republic of congo coming up with the world's top tennis player continues to impress details coming up.
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first the spanish government's official representative in catalonia has apologized for the violent response by police during the ban secession referendum on sunday around nine hundred people were injured when the police try to prevent voting taking place it comes after cattle and law enforcement chiefs appears in court in madrid culprit all reports. go it was a little lukewarm spanish government spokesman said he was sorry for the hundreds of cattle and voters injured by national police and civil guard riot units but he said they were just following orders those orders to stop sunday's referendum from happening at all can direct from madrid on this. i said this very clearly before they were following an order they weren't order to avoid in a legal vote they were ordered to seize ballot boxes if there were incidents and there were people injured evidently we are all sorry other than those words there
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was no him to madrid softening its stance on friday catalonia as police chief only weeks ago hailed a hero became the villain appearing in court in the dritte. major just stepped up arrow commander of the regional muscles disquieted a force was lauded for his swift response in august to the attacks in barcelona in madrid prosecutors accused him of sedition or inciting a rebellion for failing to quash support for catalan secession the process asian leaders of two of catalonia civic and grassroots organizations face the same charges prosecutors say the leaders revved up crowds around cattle and government offices on september the twentieth and the human blockade hampered raids by national and civil guard police under orders from government leaders in madrid. is that i invoked the right not to make a statement because i don't recognize this court's competence in relation to the
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crime we are accused of sedition because we are convinced we have not committed any kind of crime as the crisis lurches on there's a whiff of disarray among cattle and process sessions politicians some want to call a potentially historic parliamentary meeting for monday that debate could lead to a full blown declaration of independence others favor rescheduling it until tuesday and yet more sensing they may have overplayed their hand suggest catalonia may not yet be ready for independence at all call pennell al-jazeera barcelona spain. the united states has lifted its economic sanctions against sudan it's had sanctions against the african nation for twenty years u.s. officials cited improve human rights and progress on counterterrorism as the reasons behind the decision easing of sanctions began under the obama administration it was opposed though by human rights groups. the united nations
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says it's bracing for a further exodus of range of muslim refugees from me and mark already more than half a million rippin jehovah arrived in bangladesh since the end of august a fling a military crackdown in the miramar state of rakhine has been to doust as ethnic cleansing myanmar claims it's combating separatist are fighters but aid organizations say the security forces and buddhist vigilantes of torched hundreds of range of villages and driven people from their homes. this is not just the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world right now as of today it's also one of the most heart rending so i met. an eleven year old boy in the unicef therapeutic feeding center he was cradling in his arms his severely acutely malnourished two and a half year old sister his mother the boy and the boy's four
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siblings set off on a journey lasting i think nine days fleeing violence and the burning of their village the mother died on the journey this little boy is now in sole charge of his four siblings the u.n. is concerned that growing violence in the democratic republic of congo is worsening the region's refugee crisis the r.c. itself is host to more than four hundred seventy thousand refugees including hundreds of thousands who fled fighting in burundi in the past two years but even more people more than four hundred ninety thousand have fled the d.l.c. to take refuge in neighboring countries most recent outbreak of violence has driven more than three thousand people over the border into zambia in a moment we'll hear from malcolm webb at a refugee camp in veera in the d.l.c. but first how much hassle reports from a transit center in an in northern zambia. doesn't
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know if his wife is dead or alive they were separated when they village was attacked in the democratic republic of congo a security forces were fighting against militia groups in the area in the chaos he grabbed his children and ran it took them weeks to walk to the zambian border a journey he says traumatized his children. people are dying their hands in his cut off with machetes pregnant women had the unborn babies cut out of the tummies they burned. they burnt our crops i said if we will die. other refugees also say they were forced to flee ethnic clashes aid workers of course this the largest influx of congolese refugees into zambia in the past five years. say in this place more than one so you can have a billion refugees and it's on there before and hard with the aid in the hold that you would be safe and secure for them to stay but they have been displaced yet again they're arrive tired exhausted. and in need of
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shelter and lifesaving humanitarian to get the united nations refugee agency says on average between sixty and one hundred people crossing into zambia each day sixty percent of the new arrivals are children the most recent arrivals day and communal structures until more resources are available on average for families in this one area people get two meals a day one in the morning and one in the evening them in the by what the women do the cooking aid workers say there are more than three thousand registered refugees in this transit center and more are still coming. at the end of the day another bus arrives from the border with sixteen families people hope some of their friends neighbors and relatives are inside. it would manage to reach tens in the end the united nations is warning if the security situation in neighboring gets worse the humanitarian needs on both sides of the border will become more dire. al-jazeera
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challenging zambia. leave. the people in this transit camp of being stuck here for months it crammed it dirty and there's not enough food . for refugees to stay for a few days before their resettled here in the democratic republic of congo francine says she fled her home in neighboring grundy when men came to her house tied her up and abducted her husband she heavily pregnant then you got money go. i saw them carrying him away i was left with our five children that are decided to come here i arrived in february and camped outside the fence for two months before they allowed us to come in. many others here also told us they camped outside for a month before they were allowed to come in and register. the un and the government who run the comes say the nearby long term refugee settlements now full and the
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transit comes filled up because of a new influx of refugees fleeing violence in the room the earlier this year the camp is within the town of revere which is close to brandy the borders just a couple of hundred meters down this road and this is where most of the refugees came from just over a week ago a congo militia came down from these hills and attacked the town they fought with the army and at that point all of the refugees who were camped outside were allowed in with the insecurity has caused many more problems since government troops seem to be in control of the town for now they fought off the attackers with help from u.n. peacekeepers humanitarian workers pulled out and food supplies which cuts off. the people in the camp went from eating to meals a day to just one they say the corn flour paste tastes terrible and gives the children diarrhea and everyone says they're hungry the u.n. says it's in the process of opening a new long term settlement since the first one called lucinda became full we had
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really funding issues big funding issues but even without you know the little sign we're getting we are now developing a new camp and that is the reason why actually to send the camp is overcrowded and the transit center is supposed to be transit facilities have now become actually camps most of these refugees fled to tanzania and some to rwanda those that came here to congo say it was the closest border they could reach. and they're the least fortunate struggling to survive in a country that suffers from poverty and conflict as much as their own malcolm webb al-jazeera here in the democratic republic of congo. all right still ahead on this news out there are more guns than people in america no funding for research into gun control. the u.s. state is looking to change the tax. thousand homeless in southern mexico
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after last month's earthquake. one all around the world. and an apology from an n.f.l. player accused of making sexist remarks last night. at the iranian shores of the caspian a finally dry the cloud tops the white tulle to show how deep the clouds are just the way it took many stand leaving behind a bit of greyness maybe but more likely a sunny days twenty three in toronto the heart is cooling down slowly as is baghdad at thirty six degrees but the skies are largely blue and clear as doesn't tawny true for the west coming on to the shores of lebanon is that increasingly breezy
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and cloudy weather which by sunday could bring a few showers in as well as far south as maybe jerusalem but nothing else happens in this part of the world the tempest slowly drop in the wind direction another one to watch we see a northerly recently blowing through the gulf that's brought humidity down temperatures have been in the middle thirty's not as high as forty four three a few weeks but the wind direction change will bring i think bill more dust into places like bahrain qatar maybe u.a.e. and we're seeing forecasts of cloud that's because a pulse in the monsoon we could see the heavy returning for a couple days little bit late in the year but they are the monsoon pulsing on its way out south africa seen some particularly heavy rain recently right on the border with mozambique now it's moving steadily east was the only very very slowly. news has never been more available it's
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a constant barrage of it every day but the message is a simplistic you have the brain the good logical rational crazy monster and misinformation is rife dismissal and denial of well documented accusations and evidence is part of genocide the listening post provides a critical counterpoint challenging mainstream narratives of this time on al-jazeera and when the news breaks. and the story builds. much better marketing. when people need to be heard they thought they were american until they broke the law now they're deported to cambodia al-jazeera has teams on the ground to bring you model and build winning documentaries and live on air and online.
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top stories here on al-jazeera saudi arabia's ambassador to the un has rejected the figures in a un report on the number of children its military campaign in yemen has killed wagered. the geneva based weapons organization i can has been awarded this year's nobel peace prize. and the spanish government's official representative in catalonia has apologized for the violent response by police during the bonsa session referendum on sunday. or let's get more now on those reports that president trump is planning to d.c. . it's a five year rainy and nuclear deal apis malani is that or accept the iranian studies
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program at stanford university in california as you can see he joins us live there now moloney i guess first of all i should ask you your thoughts do you think the president will decertify the deal and do you think congress will then re impose sanctions. i don't think anybody knows and i am rather surprised that the president is doing this kind of dangling at the end result as if it is a television series in one of the most important diplomatic issues facing the united states and the world and clearly his top military brass those top foreign policy advisers do not think that the united states should to sort of walk away from the deal and i have no idea why he thinks that if he does send to congress there will be enough votes to reimpose sanctions the congress has not done
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well in implementing his agenda and this one i think is going to be as contentious obamacare well i mean a lot of people are scratching their heads about why he's decided to take this decision right now if indeed he goes ahead with the certification do you think there is some sort of strategy amid the trumpet ministration or is this just trying to alter what he said he would do any of his election campaign. my sense is that he's basically trying to satisfy the thirty five to forty percent solid base that he has and he promised them that is going to tear that agreement the first day in office he hasn't fortunately tour again for the first day in office but i think is still trying to do some damage to the steel. i don't think it's in the interest of the united states i don't think it's a torah policy i simply don't see what the logic of it is this is not a united states agreement this is an international agreement everyone else involved
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in and the europeans the chinese the russians. have said that iran has essentially complied and to walk away from it i think further isolates iran the united states and iran i think unfortunately it consolidates the hands of the most radical elements in the regime including ayatollah khomeini who have been all along trying to torpedo any possibility of rapprochement with the united states or that does lead me to my next question how do you think iran is likely to respond if what we think is going to happen does come true that the deal is decertified and indeed that congress does impose those sanctions once again was already on. i think iran will milk it terms of propaganda i think the likes of mr harmony will milk it for its propaganda purpose they will use it as an excuse to explain the
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profound economic inadequacies and corruption that exist in the regime they will use it in iran to further isolate the likes of zarif the likes of wrongly who have been trying to bring a little more rationality to iran's foreign policy but they will continue to benefit from the fact that they have compiled the complied i think they will get many contracts from the europeans who are waiting i think they will have more trade with china and russia so for the radicals in iran for the united states to unilaterally dysart of is an absolute bonanza for the iranian people it is a disaster for the united states equally in my view it's a disaster really interesting to talk to us manana joining us there from stanford appreciate your time actually. now a funeral with full military honors has been held in northern iraq for the veteran kurdish leader. who died in
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a german hospital on tuesday at the age of eighty three crowds filled the streets of his home city of so many to pay tribute to a convoy carried his body to the burial site he was a champion of the kurdish independence struggle and served as president of iraq for nine years until twenty fourteen. in northern iraq. three days after his death the body of. it was an iraqi aircraft that carried iraq's first post saddam hussein president but it was the kurdish flag his body was wrapped in a message clearly saying. he was a kurdish leader. it was his successor iraq's current president and childhood friend who laid the first followed by kurdish president. at times his political and at other times and. then it was iran's foreign minister followed by
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iraqi officials but the big absence was iraq's prime minister. perhaps a reflection of the current tensions between the central government and the kurds following to vote for. but this was a day for his people generations of. i'm very sad after he was sick kurdistan had many sorrows we lost many soldiers in the war now we're all friends he created a women's battalion in the america i'm very proud to be part of it. this grief in so many people lined the streets as his body was carried through the city kurdish authorities had declared a seven warning. here people have been lining up throughout the city to say their last good bye to. this is how they refer to him. in kurdish.
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an affectionate was given to me by his friends one that he carried throughout his career. has been waiting from early morning near dobro your place like many here he regrets the demise of any just as iraq's kurds are facing turbulent times. if he was still alive the kurds would get independence now the turks iran and the west are all against the vote we don't want closed borders the situation will be different if he was still here in two thousand he said this was not the year to call for independence neighboring countries will close the borders five years later iraqi kurds have never been so close to secession the predictions of the pragmatist now a very real threat hanging over the kurdish region but at the. vatican treasure george pell will return to an australian court in march to defend himself
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against sexual assault charges date was set after the cardinal appeared in court in melbourne on friday pell is accused of historical assaults involving multiple complainants in the state of victoria the seventy six year old says the claims are false he's taken a leave of absence from his role at the vatican pope francis says he won't comment until the case is over a gun amnesty in australia has seen fifty one thousand illegal guns handed to the police they've been surrounded during a three month amnesty the prime minister malcolm turnbull says an estimated twenty percent of all illegal guns in the country were handed over he says tough gun ownership laws which ban all semiautomatic rifles and shotguns limit the chances of a mass shooting. we've seen that shocking tragedy in last vegas is the killer there had a collection of semiautomatic weapons which i person in his position would simply
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not be able to acquire in a strike so we have strict gun control laws on the gun show that was shadowed for this weekend at a las vegas casino has been canceled the organizers said it didn't seem prudent in light of sunday's mass shooting which left fifty eight people dead gun homicides have become a common cause of death in the u.s. but the federal government still does not fund research into gun control so the state of california is looking to change that as jacob ort reports a few facts are clear the u.s. leads the world in gun violence it has the most relaxed gun laws of any developed economy and americans own more guns than anyone else but there's almost no good data on gun violence in the u.s. because the government does not fund gun research here. since one thousand nine hundred ninety six congress has forbidden the centers for disease control which tracks all threats to human health from pursuing any research that might advocate
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for gun control essentially killing the study of gun violence but researchers have found new methods of measuring the effects of so many guns siddarth size part of a stanford research group that uses computing power to model the effect of so-called right to carry laws on the states that pass them legislators have argued that carrying a weapon or deter crime but that is not what the math shows. a right to carry lives increase crime unless specifically there is a pretty robust findings that violent crime would increase between thirteen fifteen percent every year tens of thousands of americans die of the loop and that's why the government here has spent billions studying the outbreaks and promoting safety of producing cheap vaccines but guns kill more americans than that and yet the government does not effectively study that's why california is going its own way the california state legislature just put aside five million dollars to establish
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a california firearm violence research center at u.c. davis to study the unique side effects of guns in america frank zimring of u.c. berkeley says research about california could reveal truths about the nation so if you can get the answers in sacramento california you have answers that are probably going to apply for the rest of the country and the rest of the organized world perhaps it's the first step to truly understand the risks in a country that has more guns than people jake aboard al-jazeera berkeley california . more than three million mexicans were affected by last month's earthquake which hit the impoverished southern states of waka and posts ten days later another quake hit mexico city and its national attention shifted to the capital but they're also thousands of mexicans in the south whose houses have been destroyed and are still waiting for government assistance john holliman has been to us from where he filed
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this report. natalie's been homeless for a month now that's more than half her life the seven september earthquake in south mexico destroyed more than one hundred houses in her village including her family's since then her mother data has been waiting for government help to rebuild. them that they haven't given us a specific time some say in a bit others in december we have no certainty especially because officials have told us we're not on the list to get help. back of mint list of destroyed houses is everything here authorities have spent a month drawing it up and placed around six and a half thousand dollars to each family whose home is on it many are worried that there's has been missed especially those in smaller communities who didn't receive a visit from government experts like eighty two year old petrovna she and her
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family is sleeping outside their home they're worried it could collapse at any moment. we're frightened of paypal about the mosquitoes about dainty where waiting for help saying how long we can last outside my mom doesn't want to do this any longer. this earthquake was overshadowed by one which city shortly after but federal authorities still arrived in force that hasn't stopped widespread doubts on whether they'll come through for residents makes conserve learn from bitter experience that disaster funds often don't get to where they're needed even in the midst of situations lie. this one there's a long track record of government officials misusing or simply stealing public money and social development ministry is coordinating earthquake relief but an investigation by a news media site and then geo just before the disaster found that it a previously disappeared millions of dollars meant for the poor how are you going
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to assure people that the federal government isn't going to misuse or steal this money they haven't thought about it either. the best way is to work as we're doing it's very simple the disaster money doesn't pass through the hands of the government and it goes directly to a credit card with the name of the person that. is the rainy season goes on the newly homeless here have little choice but to trust that this time things will be different john home and how does it or choppers. so i had so on the program a hundred and sixty odd galleries orlanda one or a full showcase the best of london's freeze all effect. and want to also known as biggest all signs a contract quite like no other will have the details. facing
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new realities the president said that there would be a complete audit under present audit that audit hasn't happened getting to the
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heart of the matter so are you saying then that the future of the g.c.c. will be in doubt. here their story. on talk to al-jazeera at this time. again the small pacific islands of new way has created a massive marine sanctuary in its waters to try to stop over fishing the remote islands north of new zealand is only two hundred sixty square kilometers but the new protected marine zone is five hundred times that size roughly the area of greece the premier took at the law he says it will stop the depletion of fish stocks and help preserve the oceanic environment for future generations well that
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announcement by new way was made as an international conference on oceans being hosted by the european union on the mediterranean island of malta as well as overfishing one of the main issues being discussed at this two day meeting is water pollution the philippines is one of the world's worst offenders what it comes to dumping waste in the city and a good reports from the capital manila. every warning wrote the song checks his fish pen he's been a fisherman almost all of his life and has recently moved to manila fishing has always been difficult in the provinces but he says it's far more challenging in the capital. the current is not so strong today my fish ban has no garbage unlike when the waters are high garbage is everywhere the stench is overwhelming hundreds of filipina fisherman depend on manila bay for their livelihood they admit it is not
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an ideal place for fishing manila bay it's one of the most polluted areas in manila but they are left with no choice. greenpeace says cleanup activities in manila bay show that disposable plastics used just once are one of the leading causes of pollution it says the situation is similar all across the country with giant companies and their costumers polluting oceans with their plastic waste in the philippines where the majority of people live below the poverty line families are pushed to buy cheap goods in small quantities the so-called sashay economy response to the needs of for the new consumers but it is also made the country the third biggest polluter oceans based on the greenpeace thirty china and indonesia ranked first and second we don't have the in our like an infrastructure to manage our waste we have a good law the logical solid waste management law but we feel that it's not
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implemented properly in in all our levels of the government the government admits a national policy must be in place. this is going to. sunset over manila bay are spectacular but the philippine capital is gaining and wanted reputation for its wasted potential dog and i'm just here in manila it is time to give away his his for. thank you so much felicity the head of kept our two thousand and twenty two says the regional blockade poses no risk to the world cup going ahead katter's land air and sea routes have been closed off since june after bahrain egypt saudi arabia and the united arab emirates cut off diplomatic ties with the country but world cup supreme committee had. projects relating to the
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tournaments are progressing as planned in relation to the unilateral illegal blockade that is currently under the first was imposed upon us we immediately instigated our a our plan b. as you know every project contingency plans and we've had contingency plans in place for me from from from the very start once the blockade came into play we contacted them a contract or as we put in place alternative supply chains we sourced alternative materials from alternative suppliers and i'm very happy to say that our project schedule is on time and there's no and there's no significant impact on our projects there are nine world cup qualifiers in europe this friday one game has already happened and it seen wales keep their hopes alive of automatic qualification the euro two thousand and sixteen sammy finally speak georgia away tom lawrence getting the goal in a one no win but win moves them one point behind group leaders serbia with a game to go. barcelona's team captain andreas iniesta has signed
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a lifetime contract with the cost of the thirty three year old is second on their all time and parents list taking the field six hundred thirty nine times his first team debut coming back in two thousand and two and he's help the club seal a lot of honors winning the league eight times in addition to four champions league titles. today is a very special day for me the same way it was when it was confirmed i was sitting here in my home to be able to keep dreaming of achieving important things with this club my club a club seeing me grow up. it is a privilege to be to be able to be captain of this club the i.o.c. has provisionally suspended the brazilian olympic committee and has frozen payments to the body the move comes a day after the arrest of carlos newsman brazil's olympic committee president he was arrested as part of an investigation into a vote buying scandal the probe is linked to rio's awarding of the twenty sixteen
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olympics newsmen has also been suspended as i.o.c. honorary member and withdrawn from the tokyo twenty twenty coordination commission lewis hamilton has set the fastest time in practice ahead of sunday's japanese grand prix the mercedes driver is looking to extend his championship lead over sebastian vettel he was one of only five driver seven time in a second practice session at suzuka carlos sainz among the victims on the track. and i felt player cam newton has apologised on social media after being accused of being sexist towards a female reporter the carolina panthers quarterback said during a press conference that it was funny to hear a female talk about football one question by jordan of rogering from a local newspaper the league condemned the twenty eight year old comments as plain wrong and disrespectful one sponsor has dropped newton from their books. during this whole process i've already lost dancers in counseling and i realize that the
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job is really only. learned valuable lessons from those two. young people she told that you learn something from this. don't you might be. better. to the reporters. journalists. to. supermodels. to the door sister. the women all over the world should we apologize and hope that you get from the qantas board. to major league baseball where the cleveland indians have dominated the new york yankees in the opening game of the american league divisional theories for bauer was the star of the game he struck out eight batters says the yankees were shut out for nothing the indians one up in the best of five series well i'm one rafa nadal isn't slowing down as we approach the end of the international tennis season the spaniard advanced to the semifinals
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of the china open on friday by beating sixteen john isner in straight sets as al is on his sixth title of the season and will face for gold trail next. simona halep is looking to take the world number one women's ranking from garbin she needs to reach the final in beijing and she's one game away after beating daria cat scanner six two six one. and that's all your sport for now it's now back to felicity and london. thanks so much for that now one of the world's biggest contemporary art fairs has opened in london with one hundred sixty galleries all vying for the attention of collectors from across the world it is a chance for all of us to see a massive range of top name artists all under one roof but emerging artists say they are being excluded it. takes a look at this new type of gallery viewing and what it means for the art world. big
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brand names they dominate markets and the art market is no exception jeff koons picasso goga this is the blue chip stock on show at freeze london in the last ten years the number of international affairs has leapt from ten to over two hundred disrupting traditional gallery sales for three days frees hosts one hundred sixty galleries under one roof it's a chance to see the maximum number of works in the minimum time we're talking tens of thousands of visitors that come and see and see any any one standard not fair as opposed to a couple of thousand then might visit a gallery show during during its entire two months duration freeze can feel a little bit like a shopping mall exclusive but impersonal these stands can cost anywhere from sixty thousand dollars put on a figure that can cripple small galleries but others just need to make one sale to cover their costs like this one i keep airing for one point two million dollars.
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as buyers migrate affaires commercial galleries are closing. but without a physical space the gallery isn't allowed to exhibit it freeze as a result emerging artists a missing out on vital exposure it's very difficult for the smaller more bespoke organizations to survive because it's usually a handful of people. there are models being promoted whereby you know single spaces where lots of galleries can share facilities but. that loses your identity artist michael piper's identity is key his work place with pop culture. he's built his own brand but with no help from the gallery talent comes in useful to people who don't start successful ones you know it's sort of like you got to have a real belief in your voice and what you've got to say so actually being ignored worked out well for me to force me to look at other avenues the big thing for me
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was actually going on instagram so as some doors close the internet opens others transforming the art world into a global marketing operation charlie rangel al-jazeera london. speaking of the internet my humbly suggest you check out our website the dress al jazeera dot com al jazeera dot com that is it for me. and the news our team here in london joyce sue turton in a couple of minutes. in
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the hash tag era when news coverage consists of a punk jihad like a five second sound bite and an easy solution. delve deeper follow says challenge the status quo expose double standards and debate the contradictions join me mad the hot sun for a new season of the show the frank. and up front. about this time i'll just write. facing the realities your president said that there would be a complete audit a hundred percent audit that audit hasn't happened we're getting to the heart of the matter so are you saying then that the future of the g.c.c. will be in doubt. here the story. on talk to al-jazeera at this time the strength of al-jazeera is that because we have to spend fifteen are poor
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people will come to us and actually share the information with zero team and track after. my provocative oh is it a listen when they're on line we were in hurricane winds full almost like thirty six hours these are the things that you u.k. has to address or if you join us on sat i'm a member of a complex one but we struck up a relationship based is a dialogue tweet us with hostile a.j. stream and one of your pitches might make the next show join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera. saudi arabia rejects the figures in a u.n. report blaming it for the deaths of hung.

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