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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  October 13, 2017 8:00pm-8:34pm AST

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lifted the sanctions just before what would have been the total collapse of the arabian regime through the deeply controversial two thousand and fifteen nuclear deal with iran this deal is known as the joint comprehensive plan of action or j c p a way as i have said many times the iran deal was one of the worst and most one sided transactions the united states has ever entered into the same mindset that produced this deal is responsible for years of terrible trade deals that have sacrificed so many millions of jobs in our country to the benefit of other countries we need to go shaders who will much more strongly represent america's interests the nuclear deal through iran's dictatorship
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a political and economic lifeline providing urgently needed relief from the intense still messed up pressure the sanctions had created it also gave the regime an immediate financial boost and over one hundred billion dollars its government could use to fund terrorism the regime also received a massive cash settlement of one point seven billion dollars from the united states a large portion of which was physically loaded onto an airplane and flown into iran just imagine the sight of those huge piles of money being hauled off by the iranians waiting at the airport for the cash i wonder where all that money went. worst of all the deal allows iran to continue developing certain
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elements of its nuclear program and importantly in just a few years as key restrictions disappear iran can sprint towards a rapid nuclear weapons breakout in other words we got weak inspections in exchange for no more than a purely short term and temporary delay in iran's path to nuclear weapons what is the purpose of a deal that at best only delays iran's nuclear capability for a short period of time this as president of the united states is unacceptable in other countries they think in terms of one hundred year intervals not just a few years at a time the saddest part of the deal for the united states is that all of the money was paid upfront which is unheard of rather than at the end of the deal when they
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have shown they've played by the rules but what's done is done and that's why we are where we are. the iranian regime has committed multiple violations of the agreement for example on two separate occasions they have exceeded the limit of one hundred thirty metric tons of heavy whatever until recently the iranian regime has also failed to meet our expectations in its operation of advanced centrifuges the iranian regime has also intimidated international inspectors into not using the full inspection authorities that the agreement calls for iranian officials and
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military leaders have repeatedly claimed they will not allow inspectors on to military sites even though the international community suspects some of those sites were part of iran's thailand distain nuclear weapons program there are also many people who believe that iran is dealing with north korea i am going to instruct our intelligence agencies to do a thorough analysis and report back their findings beyond what they have already reviewed. by its own terms the iran deal was supposed to contribute to regional and international peace and security and yet while the united states said here's to our commitment under the deal the iranian regime continues to fuel conflict kera and turmoil throughout the middle east and beyond importantly
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iran is not living up to the spirit of the deal so today in recognition of the increasing menace posed by iran and after extensive consultations with our allies i am announcing a new strategy to address the full range of iran's destructive actions first we will work with our allies to counter the regimes destabilizing activity and support for terrorist proxies in the region second we will place additional sanctions on the regime to block their financing of terror third we will address the regimes proliferation of missiles and weapons that threaten its neighbors global trade and freedom of navigation and finally we will deny the regime all paths to a nuclear weapon today i'm also announcing several major steps my administration
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has taken in pursuit of the strategy. the execution of our strategy begins with the law overdue step of imposing tough sanctions on iran's islamic revolutionary guard corps the revolutionary guard is the iranian supreme leaders corrupt personal terror force and militia it has hijacked large portions of iran's economy and seized massive religious and dominants to fund war and terror abroad this includes arming the syrian dictator supplying proxies and partners with missiles and weapons to attack civilians in the region and even plotting to bomb a popular restaurant right here in washington d.c. i am authorizing the treasury department to further sanction the entire islamic
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revolutionary guard corps for its support for terrorism and to apply sanctions to its officials agents and affiliates i urge our allies to join us in taking strong actions to curb iran's continued dangerous and destabilizing behavior including pharaoh sanctions outside the iran deal that target the regimes ballistic missile program in support for terrorism and all of its destructive activities of which there are many finally on the grave matter of iran's nuclear program since the signing of the nuclear agreement and the regimes dangerous aggression has only escalated at the same time it has received a massive sanctions relief while continuing to develop its missiles program. iran
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has also entered into lucrative business contracts with other parties to the agreement when the agreement was finalized in two thousand and fifteen congress passed the iran nuclear agreement review act to ensure that congress's voice would be heard on the deal among other conditions this law requires the president or his designee to certify that the suspension of sanctions under the deal is appropriate and proportionate to measure and other measures taken by iran to terminate its illicit nuclear program based on the factual record i have put forward i am announcing today that we cannot and will not make this certification we will not continue down a path whose predictable conclusion is more violence more terror and the very real
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threat of iran's nuclear breakout that is why i am directing my administration to work closely with congress and our allies to address the deal's many serious flaws so that the iranian regime can never threaten the world with nuclear weapons these include the deals sunset clauses that in just a few years will eliminate key restrictions on iran's nuclear program. the flaws in the deal also include insufficient in force mint and near total silence on iran's missile programs congress has already begun the work to address these problems key house and senate leaders are drafting legislation that would amend the iran nuclear agreement review act to strengthen
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and foresman prevent iran from developing and internet this is so totally important and intercontinental ballistic missile and make all restrictions on iran's nuclear activity permanent under u.s. law so important i support these initiatives however in the event we are not able to reach a solution working with congress and our allies then the agreement will be terminated it is under continuous review and our participation can be cancelled by me as president at any time as we have seen in north korea the longer we ignore a threat the worse that threat becomes it is why we are
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determined that the world's leading sponsor of terrorism will never up tain nuclear weapons in this effort we stand in total solidarity with the iranian regime longest suffering victims its own people the citizens of iran have paid a heavy price for the violence and extremism of their leaders the iranian people long two and they just are longing to read claim their countries proud history. its culture its civilization its cooperation with its neighbors we hope that these new measures directed at the arabian dictatorship will compel the government to really evaluate its pursuit of terror at the expense of its people we hope that our actions today will help bring about
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a future of peace stability and prosperity in the middle east a future where sovereign nations respect each other and their own citizens we pray for a future where young children american and iranian muslim christian and jewish can grow up in a world free from violence hatred and terror and until that bless a day comes we will do what we must to keep america safe thank you god bless you and god bless america thank you. so even listen to us president donald hamm speaking from washington d.c. . a rebound if you like of u.s. strategy towards iran he did speak about the iran nuclear deal and it all went down pretty much as expected with u.s. president donald trump refusing to sign off on the sort of regular endorsement of
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the deal which the president has to do every ninety days this does not mean that the u.s. is pulling out of the deal but it does trigger a process a sixty day period in which congress has to decide whether to reimpose sanctions to reimpose nuclear sanctions the white house president said that he's not happy with the deal because it doesn't incorporate iran's non-nuclear activities things like its ballistic missile program and exact and its activities in the region so the trouble ministration one. congress to amend u.s. legislation on iran so let's look at what all this means about diplomatic editor james bays who's covered the nuclear talks extensively of course trump also said that you wanted to impose sanctions on the iranian revolutionary guard james that was another component of his speech but you know he really seemed to stick to the script he repeated his accusation that iran is not complying with the spirit of the
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nuclear deal what does this mean for u.s. policy towards iran. well he's not pulling out of the deal yet but he's setting in chain a series of events which could lead to its collapse or him pulling out as the latest sage because he certainly made that threat very clear he said the deal will be terminated if he thinks that is the way to go i would describe the tone of this as yet another flame throwing speech from the u.s. president just about a month ago at the u.n. general assembly a speech about north korea and iran and this is very much a similar tone from president trump and very marked contrast i can tell you from a conference call that was had just a matter of hours ago with the u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson and the national security council national security advisor h.r. mcmaster where they were explaining this the technical detail and it was nothing like this the sort of tone that you heard there they were making it quite clear
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that under strict technical terms of the deal that iran was in compliance president trump said no there were multiple violations of the deal a lot of his speech was focusing on things that really are quite historical going back to the iranian revolution of one nine hundred seventy nine which most historians believe was a popular revolution he was saying it was a wicked regime that had seized control also some other points in that speech i think really the fact checkers are we working hard the idea that the iran nuclear deal came if it hadn't occurred there would have been a total collapse of the iranian regime and i think it's also worth. commenting on the money he said iran was paid the money up front and that was totally wrong and talked about that shipment of cash to tehran it's worth telling you whose money that was because that she was a rainy in money under the sanctions money that was owned by iran that was in
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foreign banks was frozen so under the iran nuclear deal which was a suspension by iran of its efforts to get nuclear weapon in return for an easing of nuclear sanctions that was easing of nuclear sanctions it was a wrap allowing iran to have its own money back. and so james the white house now wants to make changes to the legislation this is domestic u.s. law that. basically takes care of the iran deal they want more intrusive inspections and they want a change to these so-called sunset provisions that were in the deal if you could just tell us you know how important those provisions are. well the deal that was done remember and i think it's worth telling you this was not just a deal between the u.s. and iran it was a deal in july twenty fifteen with six world powers and iran painstaking negotiations now in the end they came out with this this plan of action as they
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call that they don't call it a treaty because president obama knew that if he had a treaty on his hands that the u.s. constitution says he has to get it ratified by congress so congress then had this deal that had been done wasn't entirely happy about it and said well we're going to watch this really closely so they came up with legislation to monitor it and under that legislation the president every ninety days had to certify that the deal was in the u.s. interest what the president trump has just done is decertified that deal for the first time he's now saying that congress should come up with legislation and there's already legislation in the works and what it seems to be is that rather than having this monitoring act that's there at the moment monitoring and scrutinizing whether iran is keeping to its side of the bargain what they're actually doing is putting a second compliance mechanism on top of the international deal they'll be in even stricter u.s.
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mechanism put in place with what i'm told are going to be trigger points and if one of those is breached then it will bring back those sanctions which in effect collapses the deal one of those trigger points i think is going to be about these so-called sunset clauses they were in the nuclear deal they were things that said that after a certain period ten to fifteen years that iran would be given more leeway on its nuclear program or what it's allowed to do under its nuclear program it's worth pointing out with regard to sunset clauses that there is no sun laws on iran having a nuclear weapon that is permanently banned under the iran nuclear deal of twenty fifteen right now and james thank you very much well ahead of the speech. iran said its ballistic missile program is for defense only and that the u.s. cannot evade its responsibilities by throwing accusations at this. tough language coming out of town. joins us live now he's been monitoring all of this and i just
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wanted to raise one important point from trying to speak with you which is the additional new restrictions on sanctions on the iranian revolutionary guard of course a very important branch of the forces although interestingly president stopped short of designating them a terrorist organization which would have been quite a serious red line for the regime. yes absolutely in the last several weeks we've seen the government of politicians and military leaders alike a come out in defense of the revolutionary guard it is the president rouhani itself said it is one of the most beloved institutions in the heart of the nation and so that is definitely a red line that we're in the iranian government they will not tolerate any sanctions they will tolerate any. attack be it a war of words against the revolutionary guard and really really speaks to a vast gap between how the president sees iran sees the revolutionary guard and how
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he wants his countrymen to see them versus how iranian people see themselves how the iranian government sees itself you know we've seen in the last few weeks iran's government try to pivot to its european partners to russia to china in an effort to try and sell this deal with the nuclear deal was signed two years ago as a publicly a very popular deal is a success for the one hundred government it is much as it was a success for the obama government and their search is one that they want to maintain both for their own political. stability domestically here at home as well as for a future lotrimin economic. stability that you think having to deal with is provided and the interesting thing is that throughout the iraqi nuclear negotiations when we're hearing from the scene from leader and those hard line elements in the country saying that it probably would walk out that the u.s. would find some excuse to go back on the agreement to what extent does at what
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we've just heard out of washington feed into that narrative and perhaps strengthen those more conservative elements. exactly i mean for the hardline critics of any negotiations with the white house any negotiations with the united states this speech a very retrospective look at least a sort of big bad wolf in the neighborhood for those critics here and for the conservative parties who are critical of you on his government who are making this deal this will be an i told you so moment and it's going to be something that they're going to be able to point to in any sort of upcoming elections or in years of coming opportunities to to to criticize them or do making and say that with the united states you do not have a reliable partner when it ministration to the next it is not the kind of country that you can you can sit at the negotiating table with and i think from what we've heard from leaders in iran in the last few weeks i think what they're going to try
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to do now is is this pivot more towards their european partners continue to deal with other partners and help negotiate a deal try to salvage it and say that the united states is the only lone voice against this deal that they're trying to create divisions internationally and in doing so they are not a stable partner to keep your shooting. and you know that the iranian you kate deal when it was being negotiated was followed very closely by people that in teheran and play and had a hand in and giving up president has and ronnie his mandate in the elections how how will these latest developments be reviewed by people that. well that's that's a very good question when the deal was signed it was it was incredibly publicly popular it was it was something it has to respect where it's going to be a solution to a lot of the country's problems and a lot of the economic benefits were felt we we did see
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a frozen assets release we saw the deal and start this boeing and airbus. the french carmaker are. planning to start up a ready factory so that here all these kinds of things would have a direct impact on people's lives with it would make life easier for the urban rural middle class but it would help improve if it is a true charge and these kinds of things are the things that would. be something that would create positive public opinion for the u.s. for what is governments but these impacts have not been felt two years is a very long time in terms of sort of national school impact so. we're not told those there was a national or economic impact on the ground as such the deal has become something that is very unpopular and with all of the strong rhetoric coming out of the white house even since before tribes took office that's been shooting the national pride i think the iranian people. oh it was beginning to become impatient with with the
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constant criticism of the deal and of the country and i think at some point they will feel that the whole world is no longer seeing them the way they see themselves as a forward looking nation as one that is it is modernizing and where there is a great deal of potential for exploring new investments for sure for economic growth and so if the boiling point is reached observers here are saying that is something that could trigger the government to react as strongly as the trumpet ministration seems to be. thank you very much saying the entire hong kong let's get some analysis on everything with al-jazeera senior plus contests in iran bashar and iran so far we've been speaking about what this means for the u.s. and iran and well the relationship for that flight to terry rating what sort of message does this send to the region i hurled to america's allies in the region. certainly a message of support to israel saudi arabia this is clearly
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a speech that is meant to say not really america first but israel first saudi second and perhaps america third in a sense that what we heard today were more of the lemon that you would hear from riyadh and television than from washington over the last few years is not exactly the things that obama tried to walk away from in order to establish a new era with iran after resolving the nuclear deal but what we heard from president trump today was a list of complaints if you will and the recount of history of course one sided that you would hear from riyadh until if you would hear from bynum in netanya than from an american president but be that as it may it certainly weakens american leadership weakens american. words in terms of international diplomacy and i think it weeks american standing among our allies in terms of europe also adversity is
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like russia and china because it's very hard to respect the united states and its signature over deals when when it moves from one person to another who is ready to walk away now having said all of that it's very important to say that what he spoke so loudly you would expect him then to say hence i am walking away from the agreement tense i am canceling the agreement tense i am i don't know escalating against iran he didn't do any of that it's very important to notice that you know despite the rhetoric what he said is you people in congress and the our allies what get out and if you don't then i will walk away from the agreement that's a very strange leadership quality if you will who are in congress and how will congress. find a solution to the iran deal and of course let me add just one last. you know note that the head of the foreign relations committee in the american senate just said
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that their american president is a threat to the world so really there's no good working relationship between trump and american congress yes it'll be interesting to see how that plays out but you know laurie's been speaking a great deal about the language and the process as behind the nuclear deal and and as you say the u.s. is stopped short of pulling out of the deal but it seems as though what we've heard today perhaps in the long term does threaten its survival absolutely i mean in the end of the day the the in could be a shoo in if you world in the speech was so you know escalating in the way it attacked iran i mean every word it's been used drugs state extremists spreading death and destruction terrorism nuclear ballistic sinister regime the warst ever one sided agreement and so on so forth so all the words used have been really it's
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condition in every possible way but by the way the most dangerous thing that we've heard that is actually actionable is not against the iran nuclear deal it's against the iranian revolutionary guards because in the end of the day that's where the wrath has gone. escalating threats against the revision of god to call them terrorists and so on so forth and. threatening with all sorts of measures against them and against the regime i think that has been the actionable part but when it comes to the iran nuclear deal as you said it's everything around it seems to be leading to its destruction but he hasn't really uttered the words i am walking away from the deal thank you. all right let's turn to another story now because there were other things happening while president trump was speaking including france naming is candidate it goes new director general audrey as a lady french film
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a culture minister was up against cattle has been. he was also previously his country's culture minister also who is a will she's a former minister of culture and communication as you were saying but before her appointment to the cabinet as culture advisor to the president along she is the daughter of andrea's ill a current advisor to king mohammed the sixth of morocco of course is headquartered in paris now correspondent joins us live now and so what's been the reaction there what have you been hearing about this. as he lay has just come out he will be speaking shortly from our what we know is that he becomes the youngest start to general unesco he's only forty five years old as you mentioned that he's a former a cult of the voices of also
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a lot then made him.

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