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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  October 17, 2017 12:00am-1:01am AST

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dawn but if i don't go buy coffee black families need the men who go to the extreme just to make a living by you have to be a strong swimmer otherwise the surf and risking it all vietnam at this time on al-jazeera. al-jazeera. with every us. this is al jazeera.
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everyone i've missed a bar and welcome to this news hour live from london coming up in the next sixty minutes iraqi forces celebrate as they take control of the kurdish health city of kirkuk. evading the question catalans leader fails to answer yes or no on whether the region has declared independence from spain. and turkey stepped in to help the victims of somalia's twin bomb attacks as the death toll rises to more than three hundred. in s'pore colin kaepernick takes a legal stance against n.f.l. owners captain it claims he isn't being hard because of his protests against racial injustice. we begin this news hour with major developments in iraq where government forces have taken control of the contested city of kirkuk from kurdish forces tensions
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have been mounting in the oil rich region ever since the kurds held a referendum last month. that has more now from a bill. the kurdish flag no longer flies in the center of kirkuk. the city now officially back in the hands of the iraqi government which foresees but made a rapid branch in the middle of the night fifteen hours later the industrial area military base and critical oil fields were under the control of iraqi forces soon after they marched into the center of the city. iraqi officials were quick to declare victory but. the joint military operation was launched at dawn and progress significantly as the troops approached the area to crete and the north oil company were confronted by some rebels who tried to hinder the progress of the advancing units turned fire in style and. thank god today we have achieved all our goals
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according to our plan. the u.s. military which should train both sides in this dispute trying to downplay the escalation in a statement blaming the firefight on the darkness calling it a misunderstanding. but kurdish fighters painted a different picture of what was happening on the ground. i don't know what is happening exactly because we have been in the fight since four in the morning in the areas of tasa we have suffered casualties including mortars and now we have withdrawn into this position and some of the other forces have pulled out they didn't fire a single shot and that's all but we're. holding our position here. thousands fled the city as the forces approached mixed in among them kurdish fighters now as the u.s. surge is dialogue and the question is what's next will iraqi forces and their militias pursue the kurdish people and fighters that answer will have an impact here and around the globe oil prices are climbing with the news the possibility.
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of a civil war perhaps in iraq with kurdish forces fighting both iraqi army and possibly iranian militias. did not play well with the with the well so traders and so the perception is that prices will rise. until that's what we've meant risky is completely carrots russia was saying understood most world powers had warned the kurdish regional government not to go ahead with a non-binding referendum where the majority of people voted for secession from iraq . now the people of this region and their government finding out there is a very real price to be paid in this search for independence the speed with which the iraqi army were able to achieve their aim is left the kurdish regional government shocked and wanting and already there are questions being asked as to whether certain members of one of the main two kurdish political parties may have
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colluded with the iraqi military in order to ensure such a swift and easy victory in and around kirkuk for al jazeera. on i'm joined now in studio by saad jawad he's a professor of political science and senior fellow of the middle east cents at the london school of economics welcome to you thanks for being with us let's pick up on what charles just ended his report on. i did that there might have been one side of the kurdish peshmerga fighters who actually colluded he put it as he put it with the iraqi army to make sure they had a very easy advance in into cook that's the reality isn't it the kurdish peshmerga within that region within kirkuk that they're not you know i sit all day they follow different political factions. well it's a reality that the kurdish parties are now never united they were never united in any time of the history of course they agreed on certain things but but they have they were not united and i think the iraqi government with the pressure of the
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iranian government and so lay money mannish to part of the. peshmerga that belong to the p u k. but the attic union of course which is the opposition party opposition party and a party that belongs to the late mr talabani and it seems that these. collaborated and accepted the solution presented by mr saleh money that it's better to negotiate with the government than. following mr brazillian in his aim to separate the area. the offer ration body iraqi army to retake was not a direct response do you think to the independence referendum that was held. than serious and no because to start with i should the correct something in your
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introduction is not a city the same exchange places a split between three nationalities. and the. constitute third of the population the truth. turkomans and the iraqis i sure thing even the government have no objection to the kurdish parties to have their own say in their areas that is the tournaments area talk soleimani and can be but the problem with the kurdish parties and specially the party of mr muscle design is that it is extended its presence in. mixed and they are not or they were not or never were part of the kurdish. region they managed to do that didn't they because they were the ones that stayed in force i solemnize area they have taken advantage of the surrender of some of the
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iraqi troops during the maliki period and of course they fled the ground and they said that we have liberated these areas between two blockades and we have the markets with the borders with blood and with blood we will not never leave these areas which is not accepted by the iraqi government of course the iraqi government . gained a lot of confidence after the liberation of. mosul. all these areas and limited the presence of in some areas and with this power they have started to speak about the area into two brackets congress created by the political parties like mr mr burns on his part and that's was the beginning referendum again the goldman. i should say if it happened in the area where the kurdish are the vast majority of the kurds the iraqi government would not have. a main objective but
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they extended the referendum to areas well which are mixed and not part of the kurdish region where i could take your analysis of the situation like so much thought you you had. they are spanish judge has ordered two senior castle and separatists to be remodelling custody as they face charges of sedition and catalonia as leader has failed to clarify whether his region plans to secede from spain or not just hours from a deadline from the spanish government colors push for more for more dialogue in a letter to the central government. reports from. it was supposed to be a monday deadline but the catalan president's response to madrid demands that he clarify his position on succession lacked any definitive answers in his letter to spain's prime minister might enter a holy godless preacher once said that the suspension of the political mandate
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given by the polls in october first demonstrates our firm will to find a solution and not confrontation not exactly the yes or no response required by the spanish government before it decides whether to push ahead with suspending catalonia autonomous powers. but in that i know that on such an important issue we only asked for clarity to extend uncertainty we're only favor those who wish to end peaceful coexistence and to continue with the poor project the government hopes that in the following hours up until the next deadline on thursday mr push will give the clarity that all citizens demand and the rule of law requires we can understand his preservations and confusion and that he is doing that to meet the demands of the most radical groups the spanish government is maintaining it's tough stance on mr prejudgment but it has given away just a fraction on the question of the deadline the ball and the fact is back in the catalan government's caught with a constitutional crisis is far from over. the back and forth between woodridge and
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barcelona has prolonging the standoff between the two sides and the catalan government is adamant about its position organizing a referendum is not a crime so that when we are confronted with there is no separation. i was in the spanish did there is no respect for the basic laws and the only thing we can address east politically to respond would be is demanding us to do. in madrid the head of the catalan police force just copied or was questioned at spain's national court despite pressure from the prosecution he's not being detained but all thora teams have withheld his passport he's accused of failing to enforce a ban on the october first referendum a vote madrid says that was illegal under the constitution. that has angered many in catalonia who is a hero to the region secessionist after his force took a much less aggressive position than the national police force they came under
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international criticism for their violent crackdown on voters. there is little clarity about how this will end and which side will back down and many here whatever the catalan government decides to do it will pay the price for holding the referendum in the first place so yeah go out jazeera barcelona. at least thirty two people have been killed in wildfires ravaging parts of portugal three people have also died as a result of fires that broke out across the border in spain a state of emergency has been declared as far as continue to battle the flames which have been worsened by storm ophelia john holl reports. a prolonged drought plus i'm usually high in mid october heat or a deadly combination of. the wildfires herring's through the parched forests of central and northern portugal have claimed dozens of lives and made many more homeless of the rhythms of humans but. obviously we would like to present our
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deep condolences to the families of these victims as you know sunday was a day when all records registered this year were beaten we reached the maximum of five hundred twenty four fires and today since midnight we've already registered a total of one hundred ten fires. and over the border fires raged in spain's northwestern gully theory to. more than one hundred separate blazes there's been a number of fatalities including two people who died when their car was trapped by the flames thousands have been evacuated much of the destruction here is not natural but deliberate in spain arsonists are said to strike every year prime minister mariano rajoy is a native of colombia. most of what we are dealing with here is something that is not caused by accident it has been provoked we are here in perth a step or den where there's been a big farm which began at one in the morning at five different points so you can
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see it's impossible for this to be triggered under natural circumstances in spain schools were shocked as the fires closed in on towns and villages threatening more lives and livelihoods like rainfall is forecast that may help existing wish the flames but not. soon enough to avoid portugal second such tragedy in four months after sixty four people were killed by wildfires in june john a whole al-jazeera. and storm ophelia has killed three people in island and left three hundred sixty thousand properties without power schools have also closed and the irish government has deployed the army to bolster flood defenses residents in northern ireland now being warned to stay indoors as ophelia makes its way to the u.k. from an indoor and in donegal phillips. from space an ominous sight storm ophelia approaching an island at dawn in the skies about the southern coast
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it seemed the crows knew something unusual was coming no longer a hurricane by the time she hit land but ophelia battered islands coast and inland her winds wreaked havoc knocking things over sending them flying even as if in rage a school's roof picked up and thrown we were further north in donegal where the worst of the storm didn't arrive until towards the end of the day. in this town as in towns all over ireland it's been a very unusual day streets all but deserted shops closed pubs close restaurants closed schools closed families waiting at home for the worst of a fear to pass without the local shop this morning and it was like christmas eve it was packed with people. you know we're in for the storm kind of sitting. in the street scary looking forward to getting home. i think we're just in the brunt of it
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right now for the next couple of hours. meanwhile to the east over england calm but of fear brought a strange glow to the sky not an impending apocalypse a scientists but sunlight filtered through dust pulled up from the sahara and the forest fires in spain and portugal barbie phillips al jazeera on islands west coast there is much more to come here on this al-jazeera news including israel's government gives the go ahead for dozens of new satellite homes in the heart of hebron. the desperate bid to leave violence in a.m.r. ends in disaster for more preferential refugees another boat capsizes leaving twelve dead. and the l.a. dodgers move within sight of their first world series in nearly three decades details later in school.
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more than three hundred people have now died after twin bomb explosions in somalia on saturday with forty of the most severely wounded being flown to turkey for further treatment it is the deadliest single attack in somalia's history catherine soy has more from nairobi. attack each military plane was used to transport several somalis with serious injuries from saturday's attacks in mogadishu they'll receive treatment in touch him. other countries like kenya and ethiopia are also offering logistical help while locals have reason to the occasion helping where they can like retrieving bodies from the rubble providing food and water for my agency workers and just being there for those who are grieving. we have been able to take those. systems of the government and other partners we will prevail. but people here are also angry hundreds took to the streets of the city protesting
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against the attack blaming al shabaab the armed groups fighting the government and african union peacekeepers inside somalia. it was a message i've never seen anything like it in the last twenty seven years i saw a little boy's head lying on the ground it was shocking. no one has yet claimed responsibility while speaking. and al-shabaab spokesman refused to confirm or deny responsibility the president has visited the scene playing what he calls terrorists targeting innocent civilians saturday's attacks happen in two different areas during rush hour a busy intersection in another business district in the heart of the city the number of those killed continues to rise residents of mogadishu still. cathy zoi al jazeera. more civilians are fleeing eisel self-proclaimed capital raca as the final assault to push out the last remaining fighters continues us back syrian
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forces say victory is near despite fierce resistance has more from her toy on the turkish syrian border. a group of men believed to be i still fighters surrender in iraq. they are mostly syrians who handed over themselves to local officials after the deal brokered by tribal leaders. you start a new life and turn the chapter of the dark times you live then remove those ideas that were injected into your brains and which made huge harm to islam and to our country. the deal was not extended to foreign fighters who still remain in the city syrian democratic forces a coalition of kurdish groups backed by the u.s. are on the offensive they are seen here demanding i sell fighters surround
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but i still don't for using snipers suicide bombers and trapped buildings to block their enemies from advancing i mean. i still will be defeated so they launch attacks under the cover of the night they capabilities have diminished civilians caught up in the fighting are fleeing the area they have been trapped iraq since i still took control of the city into thousand and fourteen the s.d.f. accuses i.c.l. of using civilians as human shields. records a big deal we were trapped for three years we tried three times to escape but couldn't because i saw snipers shoot anyone who was leaving the city taking control of iraq is crucial for kurdish factions since the start of serious conflict the kurds have expanded their influence in the region they now control an area stretching from the north all the way to
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a freend on the border with turkey the capture of rock is a major setback for i said which is losing ground in eastern syria the armed group is now retreating besieged from everywhere by the kurds the syrian army and constantly under threat from the u.s. and russia and. its presence in syria is now approaching it and. the tie on turkish border with syria. the israeli government has approved the building of israeli settlement units in hebron in the occupied west it is the first time the government has given official approval for construction in hebron in fifteen years there is how a force that reports from hebron hebron is newest israeli settlers are due to live here on what is now a military base adjoining another settler building the approval for plans for thirty one housing units is the first in this bitterly divided city since two thousand and two. it reside or need to be on to the balcony of the house that he
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was born in seventy years ago it overlooks the site for him this decision will only increase the burden of restrictions on movement that have been his daily life. we can hardly manage it with ten settlers in front of this can you imagine how two hundred we turn our lives upside down. hebron streets are marked by stark close quarter separation hundreds of settlers kept apart from thousands of palestinians with cages barbed wire and a large israeli army presence conditions which attract mostly religiously radical right wing settlers the approval would change the designation of this land from a military base to housing use and given that the israeli army seized it on security grounds that does open up the prospect of a legal challenge hebron as mayor says he plans to do just that this is the first announcement in a series of approvals planned for this week nearly three thousand eight hundred housing units are expected to be given either advance or retrospective approvals bringing this year's total to more than twice that of twenty sixteen all of which
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are illegal under international law. israeli prime minister while telling certain groups he remains under u.s. pressure to rein in construction apparently feels freer to build with president donald trump in the white house than with his predecessor the israeli government is offering no comment beyond announcing the approval in recent weeks netanyahu has been looking to shore up his prosthetic credentials so not a single israeli settlement would ever be given up the one in hebron is due instead to get bigger hurry forsett had drawn in the occupied west bank a high profile investigative journalist in malta who was strongly critical of the government has been killed in a car bombing daphne car one a list the wrote a popular blog highlighting alleged corruption with many involving politicians on the mediterranean islands the prime minister joseph miscasting faced accusations from carwin or. earlier this year made a t.v. statement denouncing the killing the u.k. prime minister tourism a and e.u.
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president called younker have agreed that breaks in negotiations should be stepped up over the coming months the pair made the announcement following a dinner meeting in brussels and talked about what has more. well there was no great breakthrough after this but both sides agreed that more progress needs to be made in these breaks that negotiations and that's no surprise because we are at a critical point it's a few days until a summit of e.u. leaders here in brussels and a few months back it was thought that this would be the point at which britain would start negotiating these discussing things like trade and its future relationship with the e.u. instead read a situation in which e.u. leaders and the british prime minister well they find themselves in absolute a deadlock on able to move forward to resume a nose it's a critical point she has certainly stepped up efforts to try and move forward she has spoken to the prime minister of ireland today she spoke to the french president
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the german chancellor as well but the problem is the e.u. says until certain points of the so-called a divorce settlement reached and concluded and clarified by the british then the e.u. officials are certainly not going to move forward and those three points of contention remain the same as they have done for weeks now the e.u. wants britain to basically clarify how much money it's going to put into the e.u. budget how much it is it wants more clarification on the status of e.u. citizens working in the u.k. and more information on what the intentions are of london in regards to the border of northern ireland now how all this will play out at the end of the week when this summit takes place here in brussels remains to be seen but there is it is very clear the no one wants to see the one thing that everyone is talking about now and that is the real possibility of suddenly a situation in which no deal is made now all the official results are expected
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until the end of the week austria does look set to welcome a new leader one year old sebastian kurtz is said to be seeking a coalition with his country's far right immigration policy sending shock waves around the european union from vienna reports. a new start and a new image for austria the world's youngest leader in waiting is reported to be in intensive behind the scenes negotiations with the hard right freedom party to whom a coalition government political analysts say sebastian kurtz cleverly exploited his country's fears about another immigration crisis. migration is now the topic that all the politicians have and all political parties have to address in order to be successful in election complaints. instead of the defaced posters you usually see in the aftermath of many elections curses were plastered with stickers saying
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thank you we are behind us in the world but. i realize the shift to the right is happening in europe in general and that is i think a development which means that people are more insecure of our values on right anymore. hinds christian strucker who leads the freedom party is expected to demand the foreign ministry as his price for giving kurds an absolute majority in parliament the international reaction to kurds is victory has been somewhat cautious and muted no doubt because the coalition talks are still going on. the german chancellor angela merkel praised him for running a very bachmann campaign but knows the immigration crisis could be even harder to handle with curt's as her new neighbor. today we have said and i say this time and time again we must solve the problems and we must look we have achieved what we
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have not. the counting of postal votes has yet to be completed city official results of the election will not be announced until the end of this week no major changes are expected though the far right is about to enter the government for the first time in seventeen years if the coalition talks are successful. to al-jazeera vienna. or i stay with us here on the news out because still ahead a report from the philippines city. where the government says its fight against i slink fighters is nearing the end of. the cosmic collision eleven billion years in the making the scientists use it to make a gold. discovery. is animation of what footballing farewell face.
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so clearly lovely weather across central and eastern parts of europe and you've got a big area of high pressure keeping things settled but we are still feeling the effects of what remains of hurrican a fairly i just about the far northwest of the continents possible and scotland as we go on through tuesday feeding that very disturbed weather little hook of cloud that will make its way just to the north of northern ireland running across the northern half of scotland as we go through choose day temperatures back where they should base say no more twenty three celsius for london than we was for paris sixteen degrees there for london just noticed some useful right there will come into spain and western parts of portugal pushing right across by and actually i say useful because we have had wildfires here so that is good news cooler air coming to madrid as well as around eighteen degrees celsius central parts of europe still on the quiet side still in the second side but
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a bit about the morning mist and fog into the central areas but twenty one in vienna. babbie getting into the most twenty's to across northern parts of africa maybe for cairo we see a little bit of cloud just scouting with the far north of libya rather more cloud also making its way just across the fog north of morocco as we go on through choose day and push into northern areas of algeria by wednesday. as we embrace new technologies rarely do we stop to ask what is the price of this progress what happened was people started getting sick but there was a small group of people that began to think that maybe this was related to the kind of the job and investigation reveals how even the smallest devices. environmental and health we think ok will center you waste to china but you have to remember that therefore you should travel around the globe death by design at this time on
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al-jazeera. grow in a very short time to be a trusted news source wherever you are in the world he really want to know what's going on there and you can find out very quickly look at some nations prism. we are probably international everybody will learn something watching our coverage . be shown that we can be the best international news and a trusted source of stories that people actually can't find elsewhere and that's going to continue. welcome back out reminds of the top stories hail me out is there a new iraqi army says it has taken full control of the oil rich northern city of
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kirkuk without resistance from kurdish forces. leader has filed to declare if his region plans to secede from spain instead collis point the mall has also for more dialogue in a letter to the central government. and the death toll from somalia's twin the bomb explosions on saturday has risen to more than three hundred with forty of the most severely wounded victims transferred to turkey for treatment. well venezuela's opposition is refusing to recognize the results of sunday's regional elections the ruling socialist party won seventeen of the twenty three governorships president nicolas maduro is calling is an emphatic victory it is a major surprise with the south american nation in the grip of a long running economic crisis but the opposition is now calling for street protests if there isn't a full recount observers to raise a bow is in last decades for us and explain why you're there and what's happening.
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well we're hearing crackers where the opposition continues to challenge sunday's it resolves what we just heard a press conference a few hours ago from kind of lost or got a nice he's a candidate for the governorship from the opposition and he's saying that sunday's elections were filled with irregularities from vote rigging to voter harassment that the last minute change in polling centers and in voting center confuse people and they believe that they lost around thirty percent of the vote because of that and that's why he's saying and he's asking people to challenge their reports to get this before it's a challenge the results and to support them they're also calling for street actions that's what they said they have not specified what type of factions they're planning to take the government however is saying is that the elections where an example of democracy that sunday if there were no major incidents that isolated
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incidents could have happened but nothing major that could affect the electrode results and they also said that this confirms that unequal amado continues to be a force to reckon with in this country let's not forget venezuela right now is desperate to show at home and abroad that this is not had dictatorship in the last few moms we've seen the government try to strip congress off its last hours call for an election for a constitutional assembly that the opposition says it's completely eagle and now they need to come with a in a way they need to convince the international community that this elections were free and fair well that's not going to be easy because the opposition here is saying that they won't go to the supreme court to challenge this result but they're planning to go to the international community because they are convinced that on sunday the fraud was committed during the elections well for those results and they were surprising to raise the what is up next fall down this way to where things go from here. well it's been
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a long. and now. going to happen next and the president of the. clear yet whether the opposition is going to be there and that's probably going to be. going to be. more and. will be combined with the economic situation here with. millions of people suffering the consequences. twelve people including six children have died after a boat carrying the hinge of muslims escaping fire capsized in the bay of bengal survivors of told local officials up to sixty five people will board at the time
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well one hundred eighty were had to have died in accidents while crossing into bangladesh on move half a million have fled since fighting erupted. well a field hospital has now been opened in bangladesh to help some of the hundreds of thousands of refugees the government run hospitals have been struggling to provide proper medical care from coke's is bizarre the child reports. a fully cured failed hospital open in cote de paulo refugee areas with the help of norway d. and finnish red cross society there are doctors and nurses volunteers from bangladesh red crescent society as well here now this is about the size of. this going to accommodate up to sixty in-house patients there i don't patient clinic there is a facilities that are surgical unit there are a delivery unit there maternity unit a very impressive set up i must say it's got electric supply water supply and highly sanitized place filled also but i like this are very badly needed within the refugee camp areas the government hospitals are inadequately acute to deal with the
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number of refugees crossed over into bangladesh let alone local people they're also not well acute this hospital got all the modern equipment from makes the departure six hour journey you need if in the long run hospital like this are set up filled ospital like this are set up within the refugee camp area it could made the long term strategy to deal with the refugees health issues in bangladesh in coming years . the defense minister of the philippines says two senior commanders of armed groups linked to i saw have been killed in fighting in the southern city of moore our way they've been battling the army for control of the city since may the government says it's now on the verge of finally driving the miles under going has the latest from the city. it is the end of an era says the philippine military the leaders of the multi-group leland happy law and omar were killed in a military operation early on monday morning but it says the victory is bittersweet
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it is a conflict that has dragged on for far too long even the officials here admit more than a thousand people have been killed and a hundred thousand more displaced since the fighting began the more than four months ago. of the movement. one of the leaders of the abu sayyaf group in the southern philippines he pledged allegiance to isolate a few years ago and declared leader of an islamic state he wanted to set up in southeast asia together with his supporters he joined forces with another armed group called the mountain last year the mountain started as a private militia in la now those who are province all more and pledged allegiance to isolate to the group took control of several parts of the city a few months ago it raised its black flag over several government facilities and
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took thousands of civilians hostage. there was killed a few months ago in one of the battles inside but are we. more than four months on much of morality is now in ruins according to the philippine military the fighting may finally end this week. about two hundred meters across that blake is the last remaining stronghold all of them out to go. around thirty of them continue to battle it out against the main military. but they still have hostages with them and it's making the situation complicated. in the midst of congratulatory salutes are questions whether lessons have been learned. in the. program. the fighters there may have been a setback to the leadership but it doesn't signal the end of the mounting are there i so inspired troops in mindanao the people of morale we say they're happy knowing
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the siege will be over soon so much blood has been spilled here they say and the city they love has turned desolate. dog and. city southern philippines. scientists have observed the collision of two giant neutron stars in deep space it's out of a never before observed in human history and confirms a seri about how heavy elements such as gold and platinum were created reprisals as a cosmic collision to neutron stars one hundred thirty million light years away crashed together with all inspiring force the event so powerful it created ripples in the fabric of space time called gravitational waves what's amazing with these discovery is that there were adequately all of these that was observed on aug
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seventeenth was actually predicted it. saw over a century ago einstein predicted that two are getting objects we limited could have if they saw the waves as they spied i mean and as the physicists predicted that as that two compact objects the space that in your dress that's called lied they said they made gamma rays and this simulation shows what it may have looked like it was also observable as visible light and gamma ray radiation this is what scientists actually observed a small dot of light emerging glowing blue and then fading to read before disappearing the event in the constellation hydra set in motion a frantic effort by scientists from california to chile and europe using satellites astronomical observatories and radio telescopes to find the exact location of the stellar smash up this simulation shows the stars in a slowly decaying orbit around one another
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a death spiral that lasted eleven billion years before the final merger this shows the resulting jet of gamma ray radiation and matter that burst out in an instant with the amount of energy that our sun only emits over millions of years the burst contained heavy elements such as gold platinum in lead created in the unimaginably hot dense and radioactive furnace of the neutron stars collision and now through these observations what we found out was that those heavy elements things like platinum and gold were created in neutron star mergers and so the gold in your feelings or you know that you're wearing around your finger that most likely came from a winery in your tristar merger billions of years ago the amount of such metals the explosion scattered across the universe is estimated at sixteen thousand times the mass of earth gravitational waves are produced by the most violent events in the
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universe fortunately for us by the time the waves reached earth their force was only perceptible to the most sophisticated of instruments rob reynolds al-jazeera. well david scientists an astrophysicist and assistant professor at the university of arizona and he joins us live now from washington d.c. good to have you with us just how exciting and how significant an event is this for humans to capture i gather that scientists and astronomers across the world were racing to try to find the location of this collision yes this was an extremely exciting event we have been waiting for it for years i'm a sort of normal traditional astronomer i look through optical telescopes and such but i have been in partnership with like go in virgo in these gravitational wave observatories and we try to follow up everything that they detect it's something that we been waiting for for years and it's really an exciting moment to those of
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us who don't really understand what happens where it's fascinated by the fact that this is proof of how gold and how platinum. that's something that we can understand those metals tell us a little bit more about how does that happen. so these two neutron stars that are colliding together well it's true they're made mostly of neutrons and so when the collision happens many of these neutrons get a jet did they get the jet did in this collision and they interact with nearby heavy nuclei to form larger and larger elements so normal supernova produce all the elements up to iron or so but it's these sort of special events these neutron star neutron star collisions that actually produce the much heavier elements everything above that periodic table and important to stress this happened an awful long time ago. yeah that's right about one hundred thirty million years ago
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the distance to this galaxy is about one hundred thirty million light years that's right i have to say it proves yet again that einstein was a rather clever guy he predicted this is what would happen and this is what we will be able to see happen. yeah that's right about one hundred years of ago science general theory of relativity predicted such things as gravity waves gravitational waves excuse me and we're just now about one hundred years later detecting these things two years ago two black holes merging with the lego detectors we were able to detect that and then just last month these two neutron stars coming together a much weaker single but again it showed that einstein was right it's a great thing it's an exciting thing that's happened in your wells but what actually can come out of this long. scientific discoveries possible from what
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you've learned from this oh certainly this is just the you know the tip of the iceberg this is the first event we've seen in the years to come this will become much much more common we'll find vents like this about every month or so potentially it will teach us more about how stars die ok and like we alluded to earlier about how the heavy elements are created there's even a certain way that these events could teach us about how fast the universe is expanding as well. as trivial there's so much to learn here we're really just getting started yeah absolutely fascinating davis and appreciate your time thank you so much for joining us. i still ahead so all of the program good crop bad crop a zombie a has a bum behind this but the poor farmers the weather could still hold the upper hand . drifts coach says his team a getting ready for a mini final in the champions league group stages and is here with that sports
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story in sport. business update brought to you by chance are always going places together.
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business update brought to you by chance are always going places together. again i'm francis is called on all governments to work together to do more to end world hunger saying the. attitude of someone else will do it isn't good enough speaking in rome on world food day the point of said conflict and climate change that now made hunger widespread united nations says hunger levels have risen for the first time in a decade and eight hundred fifteen million people are affected. after
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a long drought several countries in southern africa are enjoying bumper harvest zambia is even selling excess maize to other countries but poor farmers remain vulnerable to the unpredictable weather patterns as hard with us are reports. alister quizzers says this maize is the last of her reserves if the rains come late this season or if there is another drought her family will be in trouble it won't be in a if i can't get a job washing clothes i won't be able to buy food if the maize runs out the united nations estimates that small scale farmers grow about eighty five percent of zambia's food. and her sister say it's been a frustrating few years the drought and a pissed invasion earlier this year by the fall army were destroyed some of the maize production costs also high for a lot of reduced though a growing even less than we used to grow even garbage as for cars now reduced because of the. electricity prices are high margaret says she pays on average four
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hundred dollars a month for power to irrigate ten acres of land despite the challenges that beah has had good crops of maize the country's staple food which it sometimes sells to other countries in africa we had a crop of maize just imagine three point six million times compared to last year where we had a drought of two point six million tonnes so means that you have. this moment in time but weather patterns in southern africa keep changing farmers know at some point they will be another drought despite relative political stability and more than a decade of consistent economic growth still has a lot of talent as the world food program says more than sixty percent of the population is poor it's also is to make it forty percent of children under the age of five in zambia have stunted growth because of money tradition the government is already more may storage facilities and also trying to encourage farmers like alice
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to grow drought resistant crops such as millet sorghum and. she's considering making the change but convincing enough people to do the same could take time. alright time to get the latest with. thank you so much for listing a lawsuit filed by an n.f.l. quarterback is escalating and off the field disputes in the world's most lucrative sporting it's a debate between freedom of speech and patriotism being played out on football fields now the league is meeting to see if or how it can all be resolved. reports from new york. he's only twenty nine years old and widely considered still in the prime of his playing career but he can't find a job former n.f.l. quarterback calling kaepernick believes there's a good reason for that and he's filed a formal complaint accusing the national football league and the owners of the thirty two professional football teams of colluding to keep him off the playing
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field but it definitely is rattling for the league if this case goes through if he's able to prevail in this and prove that there was collusion among the owners to keep the league there is a very serious ramification for the n.f.l. kaepernick has been unemployed since opting out of his contract with the san francisco forty nine er's earlier this year last year he launched what has become a movement when he took a need during the national anthem to protest police brutality and racism this season some other players continue to do the same in solidarity this weekend's games were no exception and act of freedom of expression for them but not in the eyes of president donald trump who once monday again commented about it you're disrespecting our flag and you're disrespecting our country and the n.f.l. should a suspended some of these players the n.f.l. brings in about nine billion dollars a year making it the most lucrative sports league in the world. attendance and t.v.
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ratings were already in decline but there are signs that the controversy may be adding to the n.f.l. as wos average ratings for the first five weeks of the two thousand and seventeen season are just over fifteen million viewers that's a seven percent drop in the same period last season and a more worrying eighteen percent drop from the more than eighteen million viewers in two thousand and fifteen and that could all have a knock on effect for the amount t.v. companies and advertisers are willing to pay the n.f.l. the owners just don't like the distraction and the more that it starts to threaten their business model than of course the league is going to be upset now n.f.l. bosses and team owners are set to huddle in this new york hotel for two days to try to come up with a response to the growing controversy they wish would just go away gabriel is on to new york. well head coach of n.b.a.
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team the cleveland cavaliers says he isn't expecting his players to take in a before the league season opener on choose de le bron james and co will be taking on the boston celtics and the promise spoken of his admiration for captain x. handling of the situation n.b.a. rules explicitly state that players and coaches stand and line up in a dignified posture during the national anthem here's what the cavaliers coach had to say when asked if he thought his team would break that protocol. we talked about a guy was going to come out for. all pre-season but i was excited to be here. be able to keep up with the first game of the n.b.a. season i mean what it's doing so we're excited about that i'm excited so ready to go. the l.a. dodgers have gone two up in their playoff series against defending world series champions the chicago cubs justin turner hit a three run homer in the bottom of the ninth inning to lead to a four one win for the dodgers are now just two wins away from watching their first
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world series in twenty nine years game three of the best of seven series takes place on tuesday in chicago. i had a ball pretty good center earlier in the game in morris center fielder has been taking hits away from us. every time we point so i was just watching him hoping he was going to catch it and then when it did end up going over the fence obviously. i was fairly excited. national cricket board has confirmed the country will send that same to pakistan for a t twenty international at the end of the month that will be the highest profile game in pakistan since the sri lankan team was attacked by a gunman there in two thousand and nine while the two countries are currently playing a one day series in the united arab emirates west sri lanka's poor enough for continued a century from barbarism how to pakistan's with title of c. one hundred nineteen for now and in this second one day international. in reply
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shrunk a slumping to one hundred eighty seven all else to lose by thirty two runs. it is the ninth straight one day defeat at. the champions league group stages continue on tuesday with two time defending champions around madrid hosting tottenham royal haven't lost a home match in the group stages of the competition since two thousand and nine but there's nothing separating them from their english opposition at the moment both sides are in batan so far in group h. is in again as it has described the clash as a mini final. defeat on for the english football is very different very physical i wanted team is more powerful they can win matches for me we are the best league in the world that's why it's going to be a very interesting match up between the spanish team and an english team we will see what happens it's going to be like a mini final we must play a good match and prove that leader is better english premier league leaders
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manchester city are at home to say we are leaders napoli man city who put seven per stoke on saturday also top their champions league group with two wins out of two but manager not underestimating napoli who are unbeaten in the italian league this season. dorchin up only sitting there in my home. like i learned many many things about him so and. so. what i like i laid towards him to play him to morrow is a big does for us for me as celtic the manager that would do to be. brazilian football stalker car has played his final home game for orlando city in the m.l.s. before my favorite world player of the year who spent three years with orlando announced last week that he wouldn't be resigning with the club but he couldn't let the occasion with a goal as alonzo lost one nil to the columbus crew the thirty five year old hasn't confirmed it will carry on playing else. ok but it's
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a sport is looking for now let's get back to london and felicity. thanks so much and just time to remind you that kind of course find out much more about the news as school stories are covered by going to our web site there it is the address is al jazeera dot com al-jazeera dot com. is despite it from a list of all on the news our team here in london join us again in a couple of minutes time thanks on a bike. the
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sky what they should be no borders up here. only horizons. as an airline we don't believe in boundaries we believe in bringing people together the world's better that way. it is a right for all of us to go where we need to go to feel the things we want to feel . to see the people we want to see. that's why we'll continue to fly the skies providing you with everything we can and treating everyone how they deserve to be treated we do this because we know that travel goes beyond borders and prejudice all the travel teaches compassion in the travel is a necessity. the travel is a right. remember that this world is full of ours to explore. and it's a strange thing for us to be a part of. cats are always going places together. iraqi
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forces celebrate as they take control of the kurdish held city of kirkuk.

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