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tv   Death By Design  Al Jazeera  October 20, 2017 3:00pm-4:00pm AST

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but we struck up a relationship this is a dialogue tweet us with hash tag stream and one of their pitches might make them actually join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera. you stand the differences. and this in the marriages of cultures across the world. al-jazeera. you're watching i was there as a whole robin these are all top stories kurdish peshmerga are sending reinforcements to the front line north of kirkuk where they're battling against
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iraqi forces. a bridge was blown up near the town of prayers the size exchanged mortar and rocket fire the kurds took up positions on the road between bell and kirkuk on thursday three days after they pulled out of the city stephanie decker has more from the erbil kirkuk highway. we have seen smoke in the distance and just looking at the road really tells you a story immense military reinforcements being sent by the peshmerga counterterrorism forces also a lot of trucks with ammunition a new checkpoint has been set up further behind us where there wasn't one before further towards appeal so of course they are defending their positions their concern of course is that the iraqi forces pushed further up along this road towards the city of now just to explain just rough job graphy there is still the main checkpoint into and just a couple of kilometers down the road from office around
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a kilometer from that is where the fighting is going on there's also been ambulance a lot of ambulance activity and we do understand there have been injuries that for a moment numbers difficult to confirm we did speak to a hospital in erbil that had been brought back so at this at the moment an actor we've heard from a few days ago that that had they had taken the territory that they were meant to do so this now is a question is it that the iraqi forces want to move towards the main checkpoint of or below and stop there because as i mentioned they're still around a kilometer away around the town of alton there is fighting around there so that's still a big question mark so it is a very fluid situation and the irony of all of this is the peshmerga got trained and armed by the u.s. the iraqi army and forces trained and armed by the u.s. these two forces were fighting together just a year ago when they pushed towards mosul and now they're turning those guns on each other u.s.
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secretary of state picks to listen to his criticize the four countries imposing a blockade on council for refusing to engage in talks to ease the crisis he's kicking off a week old overseas trip with stops in saudi arabia and. the british prime minister to reason bay has told you leaders in brussels they do not need to worry about the u.k. meeting its financial obligations after its exit from the union she has sought to expand talks to include trade but the other e.u. leaders are demanding more progress first on e.u. citizens rights that derangements for the irish border i've made clear to my e.u. counterparts in relation to financial contribution is what i set out in my florence speech which is that i have said that nobody need be concerned for the current budget plan that they would have to either pay in more for receive less as a result of the u.k. leaving and that we will honor the commitments that we have made during our membership now there has to be detailed work on those commitments as david davis
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has said we're going through them line by line and we'll continue to go through them line by line and the british taxpayer wouldn't expect its government to do anything else the procession is group of the cattle and national assembly is calling on its supporters to withdraw their money from five of spain's largest banks in its response to the spanish central governments close to suspend the region's autonomy prime minister buddy a little whore has confirmed the budget will be announced on saturday catalonia as president of karla's pujol has threatened the regional parliamentary vote hold independence if madrid goes ahead russian foreign minister sergei lavrov has warned that abandoning the iraq nuclear deal could and by the chances of curbing north korea's nuclear ambitions us north korea delegates are out of moscow conference and what could be a rare opportunity for dialogue between the two sides also twenty one year old irish egyptian citizen has been released after four years behind bars in egypt the news of him bringing her hours for these was welcomed by his family last month he
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was acquitted of charges linked to the for the boston restrictions twenty thirteen . the chief executive of kenya's election board is taking three weeks of leave just ahead of the presidential rerun next week the initial vote in august was an old by the supreme court citing irregularities those were the news i'll be back with more in thirty minutes. i'm also attached to my phone my computer my tablet. and it amazes me how in just twenty years they've completely changed the way i live and
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communicate. our devices are sleek and elegant. we store our lives in a beautiful cloud. and i started making this film to explore the impact of our digital revolution. and then secrets the industry tried to hide for years began to spill out. our electronics are made and unmade is dirty and dangerous. it's a global story of damaged lives environmental destruction and devices that are designed
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to die. in china massa. of industrialization i've put a huge pressure on our ecosystem and on the environment. when it comes to i.t. industry many people think it's. it's grainy or natural it's raining or some people think it's even think it's virtual. but in our investigation
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we find it's not like that. this pollution is having different consequences but i think that the top impact of the biggest impact is on this public health we have nearly three hundred million who are residents who don't have access to sufficient saved drinking water. going to see what they almost see the have a shiny new economy but not. the kind that your show is you know i'm just trying.
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to over think it's wrong but rather. to just it's is a hold up you hold on is it and i don't wish i don't want. i keep thinking about the moment when i face all those environmental and social damage. river you know which carries all the ways to lake beside the river and place old ladies suddenly down down on their knees in front of me. was. no no no no no no. i don't have any sort of government administrative power and don't have much financial resources to deal with this but i told myself at that moment in front of those ladies i told myself that. at least i need to bring the message out.
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i need to make sure that all the users of all those gadgets they need to be informed about this. i moved to this area in one nine hundred sixty nine to go to law school because i said i wanted to help people who didn't have the means to represent themselves. it was a time when most people are not heard of the semiconductor industry. but within a few years people started seeing the the birth of what has become the you know global electronics industry. the. top names were companies hewlett packard apple intel vance micro devices. the
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virtually the who's who of the electronics industry. and of course the granddaddy of them all was i.b.m. . when i got a card and i.b.m. that was great that was the company to work for at the time i could go any place where he worked at i.b.m. i don't need an id you just write a check it was that easy i.b.m. had that much clowne. i was the first microprocessor buyer for i.b.m. . in the early eighty's the idea of a personal computer which was was on oxymoron right i mean personal computer what end it what would you use it for anyway but it got legs when we started the p.c. business the first year they shipped fifty thousand units. and so we went from five thousand a week to forty thousand a week and at that point the p.c. was launched. from
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almost the very beginning you heard electronics and semiconductor production was a clean industry they said it was as clean as a hospital but what they weren't telling people was that it was really a chemical handling industry and that the magic of making these microcircuits relied on the use of hundreds if not thousands of very toxic chemicals and that's why they have clean rooms that's why they have bunny suits to try to protect the chips it was never designed to protect the workers it was always designed to protect the product itself oh my god there was a a lot of different chemicals they built the disk drives we had to strip them out and then would literally have to dip in in severe gas and with a sponge you just with arm with severe to have you know what it was is i just knew it stunk really bad and you couldn't get it on your skin because it would burn you
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like nobody's business what what happened was people started getting sick with very strange kinds of illnesses things that didn't seem to make a lot of sense and didn't seem to hang together but increasingly as this happened more and more there was a small group of people that began to think that maybe this was related to the chemical exposure and the job. one put music on yeah right turn on the music from. but some good music on today. right there. beside me there's a thing of. the. one nine hundred seventy five i was eighteen years old and i started working in the electronics field i went to spectra physics and they just hired me just like. i was making the end of the laser and i would have to mix up his chemical in i used
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to call it green go. and get the consistency and then put it into a spray gun and i would have to heat that up after a glued on together that was just all day that i did at that event you know the material she was using turns out to be probably in the vicinity of fifty percent little excite she didn't know she was exposed to lead in to with it and i got pregnant with mark in one thousand seventy nine and that was full term my months and we're just really happy about it. that he doesn't even know to cross the street and not know a car is coming to stop going to the restroom you know i have to go with him in there so i have to system everything was number one or you better know. if i knew what i know now how to read out
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a spec or physics at the time it was unnecessary it just. breaks my heart that i could avoid it. oh we're filing this lawsuit against her employer and it's a lawsuit for his son who was born with severe developmental disabilities and is a suit concealment of system a chemical poisoning case of the vet and for the direct injuries to mark. marks condition isn't like a cold take antibiotics and you're going to be fine in five days this is life. you're. just overrides all that and you do what you're going to do to the stereo still do. i'm sorry. but.
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i discovered i.b.m. had a corporate mortality. which they kept for thirty years and it kept track of the causes of deaths of their choice the most dramatic findings were about cancer for the company as a whole this was thirty three thousand deaths that were in this corporate mortality file so included people who had worked all over the u.s. . but then when you look at specific plants like the i.b.m. plant in san jose there was some extraordinary excess costs of deaths one was brain cancer the other was not hodgkin's lymphoma another was melanoma of the skin and in the women breast cancer was three and four fold higher than expected. that was the heart just settles a lawsuit. in a santa clara courtroom today the first trial out of more than two hundred similar lawsuits filed against i.b.m. former i.b.m. workers jim moore and a lighter hernandez say they developed cancer from exposure to toxic chemicals and
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i.b.m. san jose facility in the late seventy's or early ninety's i mean literally tried to prevent the results of the tally analysis from ever seeing the light of day in fact they went to the judge and said this can't be used in this case a lot of hernandez's not dead she's going to be in the courtroom and not only was it not relevant the judge said it was prejudiced the jury if they saw what these excess costs dusts were and so he denied the use of it in the court many of the brands will respond to questions by saying no one has ever proved to me that a single person has died from exposure to these chemicals either within inside their factories or outside of the factories and of discussion but that's not the way that we approach environmental or occupational health in the world we are not flying blind here at all especially on the chemicals at issue here in the electronics
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industry actually and most of the common chemical used in all industrial manufacturing we've been at this work for forty years. if you look at the pub listening generated by i.b.m. you would think that we lost everything and that's simply not. after the trial i.b.m. matters were resolved for hundreds of people whose claims did not go to trial. what can you tell us about the settlements. i'm not going to be able to talk about any of the resolutions of the cases and. can you give any details at all. did you have to agree not to reveal the details as part of the settlement all i can say is that the matters were resolved that's what i'm allowed to say.
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here in silicon valley chip companies and the other electronics production companies used hundreds if not thousands of toxic chemicals and a most of the chemicals once they're used in making the components needed to be disposed of as waste the companies ended up storing them in underground storage tanks all over the valley. but what the brilliant people who are designing these systems didn't quite think through all the way was that the solvent swear really good it dissolved ing things and so when you put them into a tank eventually they're going to eat their way through the tank. solvents that the electronics industry used in production in silicon valley in the seventy's
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and eighty's are now on in the groundwater and if you think about putting a drop of ink in a bathtub. that spreads really quickly and it's really hard to get that dropping back that's what we're dealing with except we're dealing with multiples of gallons of the stuff that is in the groundwater. in late one thousand nine hundred one there were over one hundred families in one little neighborhood who had serious problems and the state health department discovered that the families that were drinking the most heavily contaminated water had significantly higher rates of miscarriages and birth defects then did people in other neighborhoods. well the chemical industry will often say if i had not a dime for every time i heard this that even water can kill you the most non toxic thing of course it can but only if you stick your face down in the bathtub or fall into a you know fall into a large body of water and so that has the traditional approach to toxicology is
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that the more stuff you're exposed to the more harm it causes you but what we're seeing in particularly around cancer and around hormone disrupting chemicals is that it's when you're exposed to it the time of exposure so if you're in third trimester and you get even a perp or billion or part for truly an exposure it can actually cause significant damage. we formed this silicon valley tuxes coalition and we did a summer organizing project getting people to sign petitions asking the e.p.a. step in with their authority into the superfund program yes. yes. yes. and i went to a meeting in washington and presented these thousands of petitions saying we need e.p.a. to come in it's time for e.p.a. to exercise your authority and to everybody's great surprise they agreed to do that . so hewlett packard became a superfund site intel became
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a superfund site national semiconductor advanced micro devices i.b.m. you name it they were there and they were all superfund sites and. the cost of cleanup for i.b.m. as well as all the other companies has been tremendous it's an enormously slow and tedious process. if you look right over here also this is a major residential neighborhood just directly across the street from this industrial site and most of the people living here today are unaware of this huge toxic plume. and those same chemicals that are still right under where we're standing are now beginning to seep back up out of the groundwater through the soil and they're actually coming into the offices of these software engineers
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a google. and this is the one that e.p.a. said might take three hundred years to clean up. this is so complicated the devastation is so enormous that we're really talking centuries of cleanup not just years or decades. the problem is that it just keeps reoccur. when companies started moving away from silicon valley to china i think that they've been only too happy to have the government off their backs. the chinese government made an offer to multinational corporations that they couldn't refuse. you need a land and you need money and you need government approval and you need lots of people to put it all together will they have all of that in china. it's going to be the same. which is just.
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one of the primary purposes of outsourcing is to enable companies like apple to make what are essentially an reasonable demands on manufacturers that they wouldn't and couldn't make if they actually had to employ the workers directly apple doesn't have to worry about what it means to workers when they insist on a tripling of the pace of i phone production. didn't go down the commie of the gloom and sons of those who. come in the new.
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school don't go. don't add new i've always done this and you. know yo to do you. mean johns hopkins who are you can see as you go by the one you don't we see you know some of them could. now i can go down to guys here in. this one dance here in grozny. you see the late ninety's. and they. knew them we're. not going to be here.
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to live. like this. do. you want. to reduce. the number. you put in the no. sound we're fine in the new samsung do counseling. center you have any feelings with this guy. get in and then i think you.
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know it's easy to do so because later so. based on. i'm so good about themselves. there are some. germans who you would think i'm going. to do more than the word change and sort of a new song. you can. get without ing in germany.
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yes he told me only. just.
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a journey both dogs could perceive you know there's a very for everything there's a lot of corruption and beautiful lake the beautiful lady you have to be very patient and what he's also the same as ascended he can see how i was introduced to in the when my father and my most holy hour king fahd king fahad the personal story to discover the source of one of the most expensive commodities sent from heaven this time on al-jazeera. one of the really special things about working for al-jazeera is that even as a camera woman i get to have so much empathy and contribution to a story i feel we cover this region better than anyone else working for it is you know it's very challenging liberally particularly because you have a lot of people that are divided on political issues we are we the people we live to tell the real stories are just mended is to deliver in-depth journalism we don't
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feel inferior to the audiences across the globe. she was a society hostess in beirut in the one nine hundred forty s. she was in touch with a lot of people from the lebanese the rick was going to make this work. was the power and she spied for mossad in lebanon. what she was doing it was such a brave as it would make al-jazeera well douses story. at this time. you watch it all just arrives a whole robin these are all top stories kurdish peshmerga are sending reinforcements to the front line north of kirkuk whether battling iraqi forces.
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for the bridge was blown up play the turn of. the size exchange mortar and rocket fire stephanie decker has more from the erbil akercocke i way. we have smoke in the distance and just looking at the road really tell you a story a man's military reinforcements being sent by the peshmerga counterterrorism forces also a lot of trucks with ammunition checkpoint has been set up further behind us where there wasn't one before further towards a b. also of course they are defending their positions their concern of course is that the iraqi forces will push further up along this road towards the city of. u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson has criticized the four countries imposing a blockade on cancer for refusing to engage in talks to ease the crisis he's kicking off a week long overseas trip with stops in saudi arabia and qatar the british prime
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minister to resign may has told e.u. leaders in brussels they do not need to worry about the u.k. meeting its financial obligations after its exit from the union she's been seeking to expand talks to include trade spain's prime minister mariano rajoy has blamed the catalan regional government for forcing would return to suspend its autonomy. if you do the way they think. we will go ahead with article one five five tomorrow as decided at the council of ministers the government has made many attempts finding a way out we only asked for one thing which was for them to clarify whether or not there was a unilateral declaration of independence and they didn't want to answer that we gave them a deadline and then a second deadline we arrived at the present situation because that's what they wanted russian foreign minister sergei lavrov has warned that abandoning the iran nuclear deal could undermine the chances of curbing north korea's nuclear ambitions
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u.s. and north korean delegates at a moscow conference. the chief executive of kenya's election board is taking three weeks' leave just ahead of thursday's presidential rerun the initial vote in august was an old by the supreme court citing irregularities those were the headlines i'll be back with the al-jazeera news hour thirty minutes next on al-jazeera death by design continues. to happen to those who do for the company in the six minutes as you see this emotional it has died and fifteen others were injured after an explosion at a foxconn factory in chengdu southwest china talking to some opened on people you know just. occurred at around seven p.m. in a polishing workshop and appears to have been triggered by an explosion of combustible dust in a duct. no one to be
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surprised that aluminum dust if it's in a high enough concentration and there is an ignition source it will produce explosion and fire this is a hazard which is extremely well known. so the fact that apple suppliers have an explosion in chengdu in the plant means that they had very poor housekeeping very poor production processes that's terrible. what's completely unacceptable is that five months later at another plant that within the apple supply chain they had another explosion and fire. as outrageously inexcusable that they had a second one five months later. they set up the supply chains exactly the way they want them they monitor these private chains with exacting scrutiny so they know exactly what's going into their products
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at every point along the way. here. we have a live picture of the gun so it will show you some of. that and. so i have an i phone five here and i'm a show you a little bit about what's inside what makes it tick and the some of the design choices that apple made putting it together to the first thing up or has on the bottom is too proprietary penta loeb screws this is a security scare the apple designed to keep people out of the phone once you get the phone open we can start to see the guts. this isn't really a phone it's pretty much
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a full blown computer that can make your phone last for eight hours if you need a really big battery. batteries and phones last about four hundred charges every cell phone i've ever had just popped the back off you can pull the battery out swap a new battery and every year or two you have to replace a battery apple has decided with the the i pod and now the i phone that they don't like that model so what they are doing is building the batteries in the phone and using proprietary screws on their in the temp to limit the lifespan of the phone to about eighteen months which is around the time when they have a new phone and they want you to buy a new one anyway. i think says a company that wants to see everything get fixed so we show people how to fix things and provide the parts tools and guides to enable them to do so helping everyone fix everything so that's the challenge it's a big challenge because there's millions of devices out there and say luke and i are reluctant capitalists we get excited selling screwdrivers even though that
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seems like a boring product because we're selling people a capability with able to do something that they wouldn't have otherwise we want to make it simple and easy for me to repair their own stuff. the amount of raw materials that go into the products that we use are staggering to over five hundred pounds around material go into making in a down south. so here's an example of a circuit board in this new ways this is out of apple laptop from a few years ago even if you make this circuit board in the most environmentally friendly way it's still going to use a ton of water a ton of money probably literally a ton of water lots and lots of materials. book when we know of or most of you know. well nothing is different. electronics industry is closed the way is that through this the american manufacturers are. they're selling
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a thing and they're saying well you have it but you don't really own it there's no way we're ever going to sell you a screwdriver to be able to get on the phone ford would never sell you a car and say we're not going to make tires available to it to keep your car running after thirty thousand miles you have an entire ecosystem an entire industry that's built on secrecy and we're one organization that's trying to pry open the hood a little bit show people what's inside. and we've kind of been conditioned by manufacturers and brands to leave yourself on the outside don't worry about the details we make this product we give it to you and you just use this product you know when it stops working you go buy a new one. when we originally started i fix it it was just a way to provide people with some solution to fix broken devices. and over time we've realized both the manufacturing and the environmental problems are all huge
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concern. over the last few years i've been to china on a regular basis and a lot of that related to our tool manufacturing. we're looking at getting circuit boards manufactured. this is the big rechargeable battery and this is the main circuit board in here so considering it's just a flashlight you can see it's a surprisingly complex circuit board and i've got these basic schematic of the sort of board once we did it will leave him with the most active and has been. finding this supplier that is environmentally friendly has good quality and has reasonable pricing all three of those at once is probably going to be a challenge. for
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some action photo. visiting factories we've found that it's surprisingly effective to show up on short notice. in general any factory of it's not willing to let you see the factory is an immediate red flag at least for someone that we don't want to do business with. this is the big. why and then the factory said this is where they're edging it bringing all these nasty acids and other chemicals and. you got a little bit of acid believe you you can see below the acid on the outside in the
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machine. i walked over to where there were some storage tanks and it was basically asset all over the floor and the moment i looked over that they told me no get back away from here and this isn't giving me a good feeling. as far as making sure everything's done correctly environmentally it doesn't seem like that's a priority for them. and they got them out whoever in there so the fact that it was so dear to you is the price you have to pay for the last thirty years of development you. don't want to buy from them.
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what you that was the time to someone. that i hope you know i didn't finish the front of me. not to just lie. down. and up and tell you to that's when. you saw about soccer trauma can really. just and so will we so so much you know she represented the time to buy them just. as what the idea what that's like a model of model hope. to. come with a lot of the document template on so that it. doesn't you know but you know mind you since you tony. there's a new. woman sitting down when i do it so you suddenly and so when we see him. do it it's a typical high problem. from why you're good to get don't you think you. do
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you see. that is constantly changing and. i'm all of those. you. spend a lot of time travel you. can't see. we seem to have. this is definitely the most professional of the factories visited. the fact that we're being taken through this water treatment facility is a really promising sign. you start out with incredibly yucky water and it goes through a progressive series of filters and other processes and eventually you end up with hopefully acceptably clean water. the coolest thing when the water is coming
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through the treatment facility some of the water comes out and dumps into this fountain and they have fish in here in the factory and i said well they know the water treatment is working ok as long as the fish are still alive a little unfortunate for the fish because if something breaks maybe the fish die but it's clear to me that this would definitely be the factory to buy from up the one we visited. from the institute of public and environmental affairs ma june. thank you thank you ladies and gentlemen i'm truly honored and humbled to be the first chinese citizen to receive the scole award i was thank
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you i set up this institute of public on your bar medal affairs ip and our first project is true to a national water pollution database. though this records comes from the government sources the public can access the information by click on the locations on the map because people want to know you know who should be held responsible for such a bad what a pollution situation and so far we got some more than one hundred and ten thousand records of violations in our database. april two thousand and ten we filed letters to twenty nine my team friends who checked with them whether those polluting factories whether they are their
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suppliers. all of them responded except the one that is an apple. apple just give us one statement that is we have a long term policy not to disclose our supply chain or. not to. my june contacted me and we began to work together to apply additional pressure to a company with headquarters here in the united states might join singled out a number of facilities that he believed were in apple supply chain that it had a very heavy environmental impact in their locality and when he level of those charges apple was shocked and is sort of in denial that this type of problem to this extent could really exist in their supply chain. i
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think it's important to understand that this is not just about apple you know this is about the id industry. they all share printed circuit board manufacturers they all share chip manufacturer is you know despite their audit protocols there is a lot more talk than walk on environmental impacts in the supply chain. you say to yourself how could they not know about any of these problems but you know it's it's always you ask and it's all you look for so if you are there and you have a checklist of what you need and you need it now and that checklist does not include what's going on at the end of the pipe of your wastewater treatment plant it's actually conceivable that you know exactly where it's being made you just don't know exactly how it's being made and what the impact is. that's what's going
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on not just with apple but with all of these companies. forty years of operating the environmental protection agency in this country these are american based companies hard to believe. we still have this industry which is discharging so much waste not just normal ways and a hazardous waste. in just one supplier it generates more than one hundred thousand tons of hazardous waste in one year. how could we dispose stuff you know in a safe way so how much a time bomb this industry is gonna create. in electronics at this moment in time i believe we're in the dinosaur age. we're
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using too many resources too many raw materials and the life of a computer is a typically three to four years. or small company in our hand and a mission is to produce a fair trade computer. in the early days i repaired this component levels on the computers and one imports. from i noticed that there was a huge amount of waste in the computer industry. so we started designing and building a database of raven reuse with computers. this is my father's environmental drill now electricity and just you know.
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how can you build a computer would have to ask how could you build a computer without lead mercury p.v.c.'s brominated flame returns and all the other heavy metals. that was our goal the material we use is wood so it's technology of one hundred years ago but it's perfectly good our computers will last seven to ten years because home users non-technical people can repair and replace i'm never place in the memory you can extend the life upgrade ability. to day is these are major launch in europe. we've lots of invites and to
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people. we were awarded the world's first year. for integration desktop computers it was the world's first ever achieve this award that time i thought wow the gates will open with a. first that was not the case maybe a little bit of naive essay on my part it's hard out there like government agencies some people like that there is no room for environmental they are totally just bottom line. i'm looking at it now it's one little step at a time but what we need to do is work harder build more computers. get people to join us. americans toss out a lot of gadgets every day. if we look at the three million or so tons of
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electronic waste that gets generated in united states every year probably fifteen percent of that gets recycled. and some percent of that gets recycled in a responsible fashion. for the. park to crumble she says t.v. there you go. again that idea of the wind you may do floors or.
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tomorrow or the new it's no more say on the far. side of the woods in join the euro . and you'll carry the sewage of particular and. make new or money or try to harvest your. dishes those are the events and. then the feet hunting. ok the highs are. shit don't lose your shit good. than the one who has a peak. so nice. to the decimal. so happy that he goes he'll hi bill.
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she says those are shall we. now. she need. to hear heisley use a male voice here that hasn't k.g.b. and she deal with iraq. we think ok we'll send our you ways to china let them burn it let them have the pollution but we have to remember that air pollution travels around the globe. that pollution is getting lost into the atmosphere and coming right back to us. metals a metal is a metal you know and it's there's no other form for it to convert to you can convert it from being in the soil to being in the water to being in the air but you still have a metal. in our work we
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fly through clouds and we sample the cloud droplets and we measure the chemistry of each one very fast as you're flying through a cloud they're flashing as fast as you can imagine on a screen and we collect all that information and what we get is what's a chemical fingerprint. in california with getting rid of lead in gasoline we've reduced the amount of lead we have and so when lead shows up that is one of the tracers that we say this could be from elsewhere and we can trace it back in time and say you know four days ago this air was over asia. and you have more pollution and you have more aerosols those go into the cloud and so you have so many things they can't get big enough to fall and lead to rain. and it's giving you these extremes of either not enough water in some places and
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way too much water in other places. what happens if we push it too far. we'll start to see more of these extreme events things like flooding and hurricanes. these are what people often refer to as tipping points and not so that's what we're very concerned about happening. my attachment to my devices is more complicated now. it's hard to get excited about the next new model or upgrade knowing what they really cost to make. the industry in it's constant search for cheaper workers and land is moving on to new countries with few government safeguards or inspections. we all have a share in this problem. but we can use our voices and our buying power to demand
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real labor safety and greater environmental protections. the digital revolution has improved our lives in so many ways. we need to make sure it doesn't rob us of our health and our planet. by the skyline of invasion haba or off the coast of the italian riviera. we have got some dry weather coming back in two years ago i very very heavy right
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and the violent storms how storms and found this band a. little further north would send a sled so we can see the heavy rain pushing into southern parts of brazil for uruguay it's fine and dr want to satirise on the other side of the plate twenty three celsius were some pleasant sunshine. as we go on and saturday the winds coming in from the south but you can see have a right as it makes up with those northerly winds the convergence line the bringing more heavy right in across the area the right there that pushes its way up into the western side of the amazon heavy rain into the western side of the carob a big area of cloud streaming right up central america many parts of central america will see some very heavy showers over the next couple of days a little clutch of storms just pushing into central jamaica as we go through friday some very wet weather coming in here some good deal dry and thought about the west the weather will make its way through cuba it pushes a little further west which much of central america seeing some very heavy rain by
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this stage some heavy rain also pushing up into texas over the next but for north america. the weather sponsored by the time. when they're on line we were in hurricane. almost like thirty six hours these are the things that i still address or if you join us on saturday i'm a member of the complex but we struck up a relationship is a dialogue tweet us with hash tag a stream and one of your pitches might make the next shot join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera.
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al-jazeera. where every. al-jazeera recounts the shocking story of the assassination of counts folk abene dot. the first u.n. envoy trying to bring peace to the middle east how is negotiations with himmler helped save thousands of jews from nazi concentration camps and how these mediation skills put him at the vanguard in the quest for peace in the middle east. killing the count at this time on al-jazeera.

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