Skip to main content

tv   Death By Design  Al Jazeera  October 21, 2017 4:00am-5:00am AST

4:00 am
source of heated debate nothing much has changed they still spend most of their days looking forward to from a dry riverbed like this one five years on the syrians still feel battered or even those who managed to escape their country have been truly unable to escape your. fear is a very important source of information for many people around the world when all the cameras have gone i'm still here go into areas that nobody else is going to talk to people that nobody else is talking to and bringing that story to the forefront. hello again i'm dennis in doha and these are the top stories here at al-jazeera
4:01 am
iraqi forces have claimed control of the whole of kirkuk province after intense fighting against kurdish peshmerga forces the army says it's captured the last town of capri which is situated near a bill with the help of shia militias just a few seventy deca reported from the battle zone with some of the peshmerga feel they've been betrayed. a new front line opened early friday iraqi forces together with. move towards positions. in kurdish it's around thirty kilometers south of erbil on the road to kirkuk. yes they were talking it out and play another talking. and there's nothing we can do about. the coalition forces to come in and help as it hit the peshmerga we have martyrs that. a steady stream of reinforcements were sent throughout the day blankets and
4:02 am
mattresses packed in with the soldiers defend their positions many here feel betrayed by iraqi government leaders in baghdad some fellow kurds and the international community. in reality when we used to fight everyone used to play the peshmerga they are brave they are fighting for the world and now they have done this plan they are attacking us as i see right now everyone is turning their backs on us. mortar shells machine guns were fired throughout the day well it's going to everyone here is tense. waiting to take any of the injured. back to. prime minister hyderabadi has ordered iraqi forces not to enter abele and to stick to what he called the two thousand and three lines this is all about disputed territories longstanding on
4:03 am
resolved issues between baghdad in erbil about what the peshmerga gained more territory since two thousand and fourteen as it pushed myself out of many areas the iraqi army used to control and last month's referendum on secession seems to be the final straw for the iraqi government and neighboring countries who oppose kurdish independence the irony there were very similar scenes just a year ago as the peshmerga iraqi government forces and shia militias all moved in to ward a common enemy i saw but now their guns are turned on each other stephanie decker al-jazeera on the road to kirkuk i saw has claimed responsibility for one of two attacks targeting mosques in afghanistan more than seventy people were killed in one attack a man moved into a shia mosque in the capital kabul and detonated an explosive vest killing at least thirty nine people and injuring dozens of others the second attack happened in the central province of gore where a suicide bomber struck
4:04 am
a sunni mosque in the thirty three people were killed including a rebel commander who was apparently the target of the attack. the u.s. defense secretary has told senators the military is counterterrorism efforts will shift to focus more on africa james mattis is meeting senators to discuss the death of four u.s. soldiers in an ambush in the air earlier this month. the war is morphing we're going to see more actions in africa and less you're going to see more aggression by the united states toward our enemies not less we're going to have decisions being made not in the white house but out in the field and i support that entire construct so the rules of engagement are going to change when it comes to counterterrorism operation we're going to move to status based targeting so if you find somebody who's a member of a terrorist organization then we can use lethal force they don't have to present an immediate threat it's been a month since her marriage hit put
4:05 am
a rico and eighty percent of the island is still without power crews are working round the clock to fix hundreds of kilometers a power lines but the governor says it could be another two months before the full power is restored all right you have to say those are the latest headlines from us here at al-jazeera coming up next is death by design. i'm also attached to my phone my computer my tablet. and it amazes me how in just twenty years they've completely changed the way i live and communicate. our devices are sleek
4:06 am
and elegant. we store our lives in a beautiful cloud. was. i started making this film to explore the impact of our digital revolution. and then secrets the industry tried to hide for years began to spill out. our electronics are made and unmade is dirty and dangerous. it's a global story of damaged lives environmental destruction and devices that are designed
4:07 am
to die. in china massa. of industrialization have put a huge pressure on our ecosystem and on the environment. when it comes to i.t. industry many people think it's. it's grainy or natural it's rain or some people think it's even think it's virtual. but in our investigation we find it's not like that.
4:08 am
this pollution is having different consequences but i think that the top impact and the biggest impact is on this public health we have nearly three hundred million who are residents who don't have access to sufficient safe drinking water. want to see what they almost see the have a shiny new economy but not. the kind that you're sure you should get them to check . to over think it's wrong but rather.
4:09 am
to just it's is a hold up you hold on is it and i don't wish i don't want to. i keep thinking about the moment when i face all those environmental and social damage. river you know which carries all the ways to lake beside the river and this old lady is suddenly down down on their knees in front of me. was. no no no no no. i mean i don't have any sort of government administrative power and don't have much financial resources to do with this but i told myself at that moment in front of those ladies i told myself that. at least i need to bring the message out. i need to make sure that all the users of all those gadgets they need to be
4:10 am
informed about this. i moved to this area in one nine hundred sixty nine to go to law school because i said i wanted to help people who didn't have the means to represent themselves. it was a time when most people are not heard of the semiconductor industry. but within a few years people started seeing the the birth of what has become the you know global electronics industry. the. top names were companies hewlett packard apple intel vance micro devices. the virtually the who's who of the electronics industry. and of course the granddaddy
4:11 am
of them all was i.b.m. . when i got a card and i.b.m. that was great that was the company to work for at the time i could go any place where he worked at i.b.m. i don't need an id you just write a check it was that easy i.b.m. had that much clowne. i was the first microprocessor buyer for i.b.m. . in the early eighty's the idea of a personal computer which was was on oxymoron right i mean personal computer what end what would you use it for anyway but it got legs and we started the p.c. business the first year they shipped fifty thousand units. and so we went from five thousand a week to forty thousand a week and at that point the p.c. was launched. from
4:12 am
almost the very beginning you heard electronics and semiconductor production was a clean industry they said it was as clean as a hospital but what they weren't telling people was that it was really a chemical handling industry and that the magic of making these microcircuits relied on the use of hundreds if not thousands of very toxic chemicals and that's why they have clean rooms that's why they have money suits to try to protect the chips it was never designed to protect the workers it was always designed to protect the product itself or mike that there was a a lot of different chemicals they built the disk drives would have to strip them out and then would literally have to dip in in severe gases and with a sponge you just with arm with severe to have you know what it was is i just knew it stunk really bad and you couldn't get it on your skin because it would burn you like nobody's business what what happened was people started getting sick with very
4:13 am
strange kinds of illnesses things that didn't seem to make a lot of sense and didn't seem to hang together but increasingly as this happened more and more there was a small group of people that began to think that maybe this was related to the chemical exposure and the job. one put music on yeah right turn on the music from. but some good music on today. right there. but beside me there's a thing of. the. one nine hundred seventy five i was eighteen years old and i started working in the electronics field i went to spectra physics and they just hired me just like. i was making the end of the laser and i would have to mix up this chemical in i
4:14 am
used to call it green go. and get the consistency and then put it into a spray gun and i would have to heat that up after a glued on together that was just all day that i did. yvette you know the material she was using turns out to be probably in the vicinity of fifty percent little excite she didn't know she was exposed to lead in to with it and i got pregnant with mark in one thousand seventy nine and that was full term my months and we're just really happy about it. that he doesn't even know to cross the street and not know a car is coming to stop going to the restroom you know i have to go with him in there so i have to system with everything. number one or. if i knew what i know now how to read out a spec or physics at the time it was unnecessary it just. breaks my heart
4:15 am
that i could avoid it this. oh we're filing this lawsuit against your employer and it's a lawsuit for his son who was born with severe developmental disabilities and is a suit concealment of systemic chemical poisoning and case of a vet and for the direct injuries to mark. marks condition isn't like a cold take antibiotics and you're going to be fine in five days this is life. you're. just overrides all that and you do what you got to do to this day i still do that i'm sorry getting. and. i discovered i.b.m. had the mortality. which they kept for thirty years and it kept track of the causes
4:16 am
of death of their floyd's the most dramatic findings were about cancer for the company as a whole this was thirty three thousand deaths that were in this corporate mortality file so included people who had worked all over the u.s. . but then when you look at specific plants like the i.b.m. plant in san jose there was some extraordinary access cause of death one was brain cancer the other was not hodgkinson foma another was melanoma of the skin and in the women breast cancer was three and four fold higher than expected. that was the heart just said it was a loss of. innocent a clear a courtroom today the first trial out of more than two hundred similar lawsuits filed against i.b.m. former i.b.m. workers jim bore and a lighter hernandez say they developed cancer from exposure to toxic chemicals at i.b.m. san jose facility in the late seventy's or early ninety's i mean literally tried to
4:17 am
prevent the results of the tally analysis from ever seeing the light of day in fact they went to the judge and said this can't be used in this case a lot of hernandez's not dead she's going to be in the courtroom and not only was it not relevant the judge said it it might prejudice the jury if they saw what these excess costs were and so he denied the use of it in the court many of the brands will respond to questions by saying no one has ever proved to me that a single person has died from exposure to these chemicals either within inside their factories or outside of the factories and of discussion. but that's not the way that we approach environmental or occupational health in the world we are not flying blind here at all especially on the chemicals at issue here in the electronics industry actually and most of the common chemical used in all
4:18 am
industrial manufacturing we've been at this work for forty years. if you look at the pub listening generated by i.b.m. you would think that we lost everything and that's simply not correct. after the trial i.b.m. matters were resolved for hundreds of people whose claims did not go to trial. what can you tell us about the settlements. i'm not going to be able to talk about any of the resolutions of the cases and. can you give any details at all did you have to agree not to reveal the details as part of the settlement all i can say is that the matters were resolved that's what i'm allowed to say.
4:19 am
here at silicon valley chip companies in the other electronics production companies used hundreds if not thousands of toxic chemicals and the most of the chemicals once they're used in making the components needed to be disposed of as waste the companies ended up storing them in underground storage tanks all over the valley. but what the brilliant people who were designing these systems didn't quite think through all the way was that the solvent swer really good it dissolved ing things and so when you put them into a tank eventually they're going to eat their way through the tank. solvents that the electronics industry used in production in silicon valley in the seventy's and eighty's are now on in the groundwater and if you think about putting
4:20 am
a drop of ink in a bathtub. that spreads really quickly and it's really hard to get that dropping back that's what we're dealing with except we're dealing with multiples of gallons of the stuff that is in the groundwater. in late one thousand nine hundred one there were over one hundred families in one little neighborhood who had serious problems and the state health department discovered that the families that were drinking the most heavily contaminated water had significantly higher rates of miscarriages and birth defects then did people in other neighborhoods with a chemical industry will often say if i had not a dime for every time i heard this but even water can kill you the most non toxic thing of course it can but only if you stick your face down in the bathtub or fall into you know fall into a large body of water. so that has the traditional approach to toxicology is that the more stuff you're exposed to the more harm it causes you but what we're seeing
4:21 am
in particularly around cancer and around hormone disrupting chemicals is that it's when you're exposed to it the time of exposure so if you're in third trimester and you get even a perp or billion or part for truly an exposure it can actually cause significant damage. we formed this silicon valley tuxes coalition and we did a summer organizing project getting people to sign petitions asking the e.p.a. step in with their authority into the superfund program yes. yes. yes. and i went to a meeting in washington and presented these thousands of petitions saying we need e.p.a. to come in it's time for e.p.a. to exercise your authority and to everybody's great surprise they agreed to do that . so hewlett packard became a superfund site intel became a superfund site national semiconductor advanced micro devices i.b.m.
4:22 am
you name it they were there and they were all superfund sites and. the cost of cleanup for i.b.m. as well as all the other companies has been tremendous it's an enormously slow and tedious process. if you look right over here also this is a major residential neighborhood just directly across the street from this industrial site and most of the people living here today are unaware of this huge toxic plume. and those same chemicals that are still right under where we're standing are now beginning to seep back up out of the groundwater through the soil and actually coming into the offices of these software engineers a google. and this is the one that e.p.a.
4:23 am
said might take three hundred years to clean up. this is so complicated the devastation is so enormous that we're really talking centuries of cleanup not just years or decades. the problem is that it just keeps reoccur. when companies started moving away from silicon valley to china i think that they were the only too happy to have the government off their backs. when. the chinese government made an offer to multinational corporations that they couldn't refuse. in the land and they need money and you need government approval and you need lots of people to put it all together well they have all of that in china. to get near the center. which is just.
4:24 am
one of the primary purposes of outsourcing is to enable companies like apple to make what are essentially an reasonable demands on manufacturers that they wouldn't and couldn't make if they actually had to employ the workers directly apple doesn't have to worry about what it means to workers when they insist on a tripling of the pace of i phone production. didn't go to the gloom and sons of those who. come in the new. school don't go.
4:25 am
new i've always done this and you. know. how you can see as you go by the minute and we see you know some of them could. now i can go down police say so i hear. this one dance here think. they should use you played against you. and they. knew them. because the thing here.
4:26 am
to. tell. you nothing. to do for jennifer how much how. good. you put in the no. sound you find your stance even my new samsung you can still read. into. this. with. no it's easy to do so because of that stuff so
4:27 am
basically. i'm so good about themselves. there's a. sort of convergence how you could see them going that they wanted to. come with aladin would you like to do more in the. sort of emotion. you can see more you feed on your little notes and don you've got people doubting in general. the injured in the boston. i know you turned over the. last.
4:28 am
sure. to live. he told me he like. chicken.
4:29 am
from the shores of the red sea storage a clean water act the globe and home on it is a major cause but in georgia fifteen is changing that to the pics of the himalayas where water conservation looks like this. solution is to save the world's most precious resource and the next episode of right we'll look at what is being done step towards crisis. at this time on al-jazeera the sams and archaeology graduate from iraq he's also a part time going to pergamon museum which includes a reconstruction of the famous ishtar gate in babylon most of the people he's showing around came to germany as refugees this is just one of several berlin museums taking part in the project called a meeting point and as well as bringing people together one of its aims is to emphasize the contribution of migrants right up to the present day to western
4:30 am
culture. here build because i've been here for some time i can help them with lots of things that moves us forward to me the great thing is it's not just about museums about forming a new life is part of life it's culture she was a society hostess in beirut in one thousand nine hundred forty s. she was in touch with a lot of people from the lebanese the request to make this work. name was the power and she spied for mossad in lebanon or for. what she was doing it was something brave as a woman algis you know well douses story of sure. the baby. at this time. hello again i'm denis in doha these are the top stories here at al-jazeera iraqi
4:31 am
forces have claimed control of the whole of kirkuk province from kurdish peshmerga forces the army says they captured the last town outcome capri which is situated near erbil with the help of forces the u.s. has come from the iraqi government and to avoid crashing i saw has claimed responsibility for one of two suicide attacks targeting mosques in afghanistan more than seventy people were killed in attacks happened in a shia mosque in kabul and in a sunni mosque in the central province of core. right after the cleric started the prayers i was passing by the mosque and the explosion happened there was chaos amongst the people all the windows of the mosque were shattered from a nearby checkpoint arrived to try to control the crowd all the wounded victims in the shattered windows were taken to hospital by ambulance and the dead bodies were lying in. the u.s. is to shift its counterterrorism strategy to focus more on africa defense secretary
4:32 am
james mattis has met members of congress to explain the change it comes as the white house has been under pressure to be more forthcoming about the deaths of four american soldiers in the air two weeks ago after the meeting senior republican lindsey graham talked about the new u.s. strategy. the war is morphing we're going to see more actions in africa and less you're going to see more aggression by the united states toward our enemies not less we're going to have decisions being made not in the white house but out in the field and i support that entire construct so the rules of engagement are going to change when it comes to counterterrorism operation we're going to move to status based targeting so if you find somebody who's a member of a terrorist organization then we can use lethal force they don't have to present an immediate threat it's been a month since hurricane maria hit puerto rico and eighty percent of the ana distil
4:33 am
without power crews are working around the clock to fix hundreds of kilometers of power lines but the governor says it could be another two months before full power is restored all right up to date those are the latest headlines for us here at al-jazeera let's go back now to death by design.
4:34 am
and i can't thank you guys from google for the content in the photo six missiles you see youngest of us who do it has died and fifteen others were injured after an explosion at a foxconn factory in chengdu southwest china the eight hundred two some options on cuba you know just how you hold a day or two that occurred at around seven p.m. in a polishing workshop that appears to have been triggered by an explosion of combustible dust in a duct. no one to be
4:35 am
surprised that aluminum dust if it's in a high enough concentration and there is an ignition source it will produce explosion and fire this is a hazard which is extremely well known. so the fact that apple suppliers have an explosion in chengdu in the plant means that they had very poor housekeeping very poor production processes that's terrible. what's completely unacceptable is that five months later at another plant by within the apple supply chain they had another explosion and fire. as outrageously inexcusable that they had a second one five months later. they set up the supply chains exactly the way they want them they monitor these private chains with exacting scrutiny so they know exactly what's going into their products
4:36 am
at every point along the way. we've all i think said of the guns and some of. that and. so i have an i phone five here and i'm a show you a little bit about what's inside what makes a tech and the some of the design choices that apple made putting it together to the first thing up or has on the bottom is too proprietary penta loeb screws this is a security scare the apple designed to keep people out of the phone once you get the phone open we can start to see the guts this isn't really a phone it's pretty much
4:37 am
a full blown computer to make your phone last for eight hours or you need a really big battery. batteries and phones last about four hundred charges every cell phone i've ever had to pop the back off you can pull the battery out swap a new battery and every year or two you have to replace the battery apple has decided with a the i pod and now the i phone that they don't like that model so what they are doing is building the batteries in the phone and using proprietary screws on their in the temp to limit the lifespan of the phone to about eighteen months which is around the time when they have a new phone and they want you to buy a new one anyway. i think says the company that wants to see everything get fixed so we show people how to fix things and provide the parts tools and guides to enable them to do so helping everyone fix everything so that's the challenge it's a big challenge because there's millions of devices out there. luke and i are reluctant capitalists we get excited selling screwdrivers even though that seems
4:38 am
like a boring product because we're selling people a capability with able to do something that they wouldn't have otherwise we want to make it simple and easy for me to repair their own stuff. the amount of raw materials that go on the products that we use are staggering to over five hundred pounds around material go into making in a down south. so here's an example of a circuit board in this you waste bin this is out of apple laptop from a few years ago even if you make this circuit board in the most environmentally friendly way it's still going to use a ton of water a ton of money probably literally a ton of water lots and lots of materials. books when we know of or you know. nothing is different. electronics industry is close in ways that through this the american manufacturers
4:39 am
are. they're selling a thing and they're saying well you have it but you don't really on then. there's no way we're ever going to sell you a screwdriver the bill again the ford would never sell you a car and say we're not going to make tires available to it to keep your car running after thirty thousand miles you have an entire ecosystem and entire industry that's built on secrecy and we're one organization that's trying to pry open the hood a little bit show people what's inside. and we've kind of been conditioned by manufacturers and brands to leave yourself on the outside don't worry about the details we make this product we give it to you and you just use this product and when it stops working you go buy a new one. when we originally started i fix it it was just a way to provide people with some solution to fix broken devices. and over time we've realized both the manufacturing and the environmental problems are all huge
4:40 am
concern. over the last few years i've been to china on a regular basis a lot of that related to our tool manufacturing. we're looking at getting some circuit boards manufactured. this is the big rechargeable battery and this is the main circuit board in here so considering it's just a flashlight you can see it's a surprisingly complex circuit board and i've got these basic schematic for this sort of board once we decide it will leave him with the mossad team and has been. finding this supplier that is environmentally friendly has good quality and has reasonable pricing all three of those at once is probably going to be a challenge. for
4:41 am
some action photos like. visiting factories we've found that it's surprisingly effective to show up on short notice. in general any factory of it's not willing to let you see the factory is an immediate red flag at least for someone that we don't want to do business with. this is the big lie. and then the factory said this is where they're edging it bringing all these nasty acids and other chemicals and. you've got a little bit of acid believe here you can see acid on the outside in the machine.
4:42 am
i walked over to where there were some storage tanks and it was basically asset all over the floor and the moment i looked over that they told me no get back away from here and this isn't giving me a good feeling. as far as making sure everything's done correctly environmentally it doesn't seem like that's a priority for them. and they got them out whoever. it is the fact that it was so dear to you is the price you have to pay for the last thirty years of development you. don't want to buy from them.
4:43 am
what you got was a time to someone. that i hope you know about incentives on the internet. not to just lie. down. and up and tell you it's and that's when. you saw. plummeting really. just it's a wealthy store so i said you know she brings my sense at the time to buy them just smile. and said what the idea what that's like a model of model hope we're. going. to do a lot of the next time we're going to have it. doesn't you know but you know by you since you general. there's a new. woman sitting down when i do it so you suddenly and so when we should. do it's a typical high popping. from imply you are from but to get don't you think you.
4:44 am
do you see. that is constantly changing and. i'm all of those. you. spend a lot of time travel you. can't see. them we see. this is definitely the most professional of the factories visited. the fact that we're being taken through this water treatment facility is a really promising sign. you start out with incredibly yucky water and it goes through a progressive series of filters and other processes and eventually you end up with hopefully acceptably clean water. the coolest thing when the water is coming
4:45 am
through the treatment facility some of the water comes out and dumps into this fountain and they have fish in here in the factory owner said well they know the water treatment is working ok as long as the fish are still alive a little unfortunate for the fish because if something breaks maybe the fish die but it's clear to me that this would definitely be a factory to buy from up the one we visited. from the institute of public and environmental affairs ma june. thank you ladies and gentlemen i'm truly honored and humbled to be the first chinese citizen to receive the scole award was thank
4:46 am
you i set up this institute of public on your bar medal affairs ip and our first project is to two beauty a national water pollution database. though this records comes from the government sources the public can access the information by click on the locations on the map because people want to know you know who should be held responsible for such a bad what a pollution situation and so far we got some more than one hundred and ten thousand records of violations in our database. april two thousand and ten we filed letters to twenty nine my team friends who check with them whether those polluting factories whether they are their
4:47 am
suppliers. all of them responded except the one that is an apple. apple just give us one statement that is we have a long term policy not to disclose our supply chain or. not to. my june contacted me and we began to work together to apply additional pressure to a company with headquarters here in the united states mind you and singled out a number of facilities that he believed were in apple's supply chain that had a very heavy environmental impact in their locality and when he level of those charges apple was shocked and is sort of in denial that this type of problem to this extent could really exist in their supply chain. i
4:48 am
think it's important to understand that this is not just about apple you know this is about the id industry. they all share printed circuit board manufacturers they all share chip manufacturer is you know despite their audit protocols there is a lot more talk than walk on environmental impacts in the supply chain. you say to yourself how could they not know about any of these problems but you know it's it's always you ask and it's all you look for so if you were there and you have a checklist of what you mean and you need it now and that checklist does not include what's going on at the end of the pipe of your wastewater treatment plant it's actually conceivable that you know exactly where it's being made you just don't know exactly how it's being made and what the impact is. that's what's going
4:49 am
on not just with apple but with all of these companies. forty years of operating the environmental protection agency in this country these are american based companies hard to believe. we still have this industry which is discharging so much waste not just normal ways hazardous waste. in just one supplier it generates more than one hundred thousand tons of hazardous waste in one year. how could we dispose stuff you know in a safe way so how much a time bomb this industry is gonna create. in
4:50 am
electronics at this moment in time i believe we're in the dinosaur age. we're using too many resources too many raw materials and the life of a computer is a typical e three to four years. wrist mall company in our hand and a mission is to produce a fair trade computer. in the early days i repaired this component levels on the computers and one imports. from the i noticed that there was huge amount of waste in the computer industry. so we started designing and building a database of brain reuse with computers. this is my father's environmental drill no electricity just and that's just.
4:51 am
how can you build a computer would have to ask how could you build a computer without lead mercury p.v.c.'s brominated flame returns and all the other heavy metals. that was our gold the material we use is wood so it's it's technology of one hundred years ago but it's perfectly good. computers will last seven to ten years because home users non-technical people can repair and replace i'm never place in the memory you can extend the life of upgradeability. today is these are major launch in europe. we've lots of say invites intel to
4:52 am
people. we were awarded the world's first european economy for integrated desktop computers it was the world's first ever achieve this award at that time i thought wow then the gates will open with orders for flooding first that was not the case maybe a little bit of naive essay on my part. as hard as they're like government agencies some people like that there is no room for environmental they are totally just bottom line. i'm looking at it now it's one little step at a time the what we need to do is work harder build more computers and get people to join us. americans toss out a lot of gadgets every day. if we look at the three million or so tons of
4:53 am
electronic waste the gets generated in united states every year probably fifteen percent of that gets recycled. and some percent of that gets recycled in a responsible fashion. to . get an idea of the wind. or.
4:54 am
carry the sewage a particular and. new or many. of those with. the feet hunting. oakley the high season. should only as you should. the one who has a peak. so nice which is what she. says to a program says the decimal sapiens out how you the ha so happy that he knows he'll hide up.
4:55 am
to. those. she needs. to hear heisley use a male voice here that. we think ok will send are you waste of china let them burn it let them have the pollution but we have to remember that air pollution travels around the globe. that pollution is getting lost into the atmosphere and coming right back to us. metals and metals in metal you know and it's there's no other form for it to convert to you can convert it from being in the soil to being in the water to being in the air but you still have a metal. in our work we
4:56 am
fly through clouds and we sample the cloud droplets and we measure the chemistry of each one very fast as you're flying through a cloud. there flashing as fast as you can imagine on a screen and we collect all that information and what we get is what's a chemical fingerprint. in california with getting rid of lead in gasoline we've reduced the amount of lead we have and so when lead shows up that is one of the tracers that we say this could be from elsewhere and we can trace it back in time and say you know four days ago this air was over asia. and you have more pollution and you have more aerosols those go into the cloud and so you have so many things they can't get big enough to fall and lead to rain. and it's giving you these extremes of either not enough water in some places and way
4:57 am
too much water in other places. what happens if we push it too far. we'll start to see more of these extreme events things like flooding and hurricanes. these are what people often refer to as tipping points and not so that's what we're very concerned about happening. my attachment to my devices is more complicated now. it's hard to get excited about the next new model or upgrade knowing what they really cost to make. the industry in it's constant search for cheaper workers and land is moving on to new countries with few government safeguards or inspections. we all have a share in this problem. but we can use our voices and our buying power to demand
4:58 am
real labor safety and greater environmental protections. the digital revolution has improved our lives in so many ways. we need to make sure it doesn't rob us of our health and our planet. how the weather is lost he said barack ross eastern parts of the us but we've got some increasing class spilling into central parts seizing up across the deep south
4:59 am
texas will see cloud and rain coming for him another band of cloud and some wintry weather will push its way in across the mountain state that cloud that will stand up towards the northern plains easing up into the canadian prairies as sunshine for the eastern side of the u.s. into eastern parts of kind of the further west we are going to say that really wet weather pushing in across the good parts of seattle pushing over towards oregon into the western side of kind of a little sneak a little further research as we go on through sunday so washington state oregon seeing some of that wet weather look at the rain really peping up across central parts of the u.s. just twenty three celsius in dallas and there is heavy downpours extend right up to the lakes but on the other hand staying fine and dry with pleasant sunshine twenty one celsius there for new york jason i'm out of sunshine into parts of the caribbean but the central and west impose we have some live was in the full cost and wet weather coming through jamaica was we go on through
5:00 am
a sas day making its way further west was that western side of the caribbean increasingly wet. an indian mining company is heading to australia to build one of the world's biggest mines will it be an economic but names or an ecological disaster. at this time on al-jazeera. howard hughes iraq where ever you are.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on