tv Mediation And Assassination Al Jazeera October 31, 2017 4:00am-5:00am AST
just era. it's us president donald trump visit to asia. to forward relations and strengthen the resolve to confront the threat from north korea but what impact can this visit really have we'll be live across asia to bring you the very latest coverage here on al-jazeera. our again adrian finnegan here in doha with the top stories on al-jazeera the investigation into russian links with donald trump's presidential bid his former campaign manager paul manifested his business associates charged with conspiring against the u.s. they pleaded not guilty a third man who served as
a campaign advisor has admitted lying to the f.b.i. about his contacts with moscow helen fisher reports from washington the white house is trying to downplay the role that paul matter for played in the campaign but he was campaign manager for a lot longer than steve bannon who eventually got donald trump over the line and he paid a key part in formulating the platform for the republican convention and also was the man who essentially pushed mike pence into the vice presidency put him before don't jump and said this is the guy you need to pick when donald trump was pretty keen on getting chris christie the job but george papadopoulos the man who's pled guilty to misleading f.b.i. agents that brings the whole thing a lot closer to donald trump. president trump says that a libyan man linked to a twenty twelve attack on american diplomatic compound in benghazi has been captured attackers killed the ambassador to libya and three other americans trump says that it was stuff and mom will face justice in the u.s.
muslim jordan reports from washington on september eleventh two thousand and twelve a mob attacked the home in benghazi libya where the u.s. state department had established a de facto consulate the ambassador christopher stevens was killed during that attack as were three other americans said to be security contractors at the benghazi site more than five years later just one man the alleged ringleader of that mob is now on trial here in the united states on monday the u.s. announced that a second person mostafa has been arrested after a u.s. military operation somewhere in libya and that mr will be coming to the united states to stand trial in the deaths of the four americans very little is known about the stuff with whom he was associated whether he was directed to carry out this attack on u.s. interests or whether it was a happenstance attack on pieing country whatever happens now it is certain
that if there is a conviction he would perhaps face the potential death penalty here in the u.s. if not at least life in prison there are other people said to still be under search by the u.s. government it's not clear how close they are to apprehending those suspects as well spain's chief prosecutor is seeking charges against several senior cattle and politicians over the recent photos on a session they could face up to thirty years in prison if convicted of rebellion sedition and embezzlement. opposition supporters in kenya have reacted angrily to her kenyatta being reelected in a rerun of the presidential vote supporters of his rival. boycotted the election. at least eight people were killed when israel destroyed a tunnel in gaza prime minister benjamin netanyahu says that advanced location technology was used to identify the tunnel in the commune as area amasses describe
the killings as a dangerous escalation. the first priority for any government is to provide security for its citizens those who try to hurt us we hurt them i have said several times we are developing a pioneering technology to deal with the total threat today we discovered undestroyed air tunnel we hold hamas responsible for any attempts to harm our sovereignty outside its territory i assure you that we will continue to defend israel's borders the future of a historic ceasefire agreement in colombia is in doubt after an armed group admitted killing an indigenous leader of the national liberation army l.n. says that it was questioning islam for a stero on links to colombia's intelligence services when he tackled one of its members it says that he was shot in self-defense. about raney course has sentenced a blogger to life imprisonment for insulting the king and improper use of information technology. posted articles about pro-reform protests in bahrain in two
thousand and eleven he's criticized bahrain's monarchy press freedom groups a call for his release what he is after killing the count. the northern cemetery. principal burial ground of the city of stock. last resting place for sweden's most celebrated citizen. not far from alfred nobel whose famous prize is bear his name lies another
illustrious. count falcon bernadotte a visible. like nobel his name is linked with peace as the first un mediator in the arab israeli conflict. unlike. his life ended violence. like van adult who want to make peace. have a chance of doing so look at the lily understand the deeper roots of the conflict. on the seventeenth of september one thousand nine hundred forty eight shortly after arriving in jerusalem. that office was assassinated by. the killers right wing israelis the stern gang people with seen this true path feel
they got off scot free. and one of them the tuckshop mia. became the prime minister orpheus for. this is the story of how peace can be frustrated by extremists and. how assassination can turn the tide of history. with consequences that still scar the middle east. this is the story of killing the count. february one thousand nine hundred forty five. count foca been a dot is about to board a nazi plane bound for land. as vice president of the swedish red cross
he was leading the biggest humanitarian effort of world war two. he had come to germany to negotiate with find human nazi minister of the interior. this meeting would secure the release of thousands of concentration camp person use . by the end of the war byrne adults mission known as the white buses. would successfully evacuate thirty thousand prisoners of over twenty nationalities to safety in sweden. one third of them were jews.
in the aftermath of war those jews who had survived the holocaust began to leave a continent that had become for them a personal hell. after there was. a big guy. like the birds to flee to palestine. the lists of ships they discovered that. they didn't the l.o.'s. the british the ruling all stars he in palestine had decided to put a stop to the tide of jewish immigration.
the tide the pumpkin swelling since fascism had begun its march across. in one thousand nine hundred thirty six local arab objections to both british colonial rule and mass jewish immigration into their homeland erupted into a full scale revolt. jewish settlements in palestine had been protecting themselves against sporadic arab attacks with the defense militia. the how going on.
in thirty six in the face of. suddenly it dawned. the younger generation that unless they are ready to undertake the military effort in the country the jews won't be able to stay so. defensive. changed into an offensive he says. a more extreme group now emerged from the hard. cold air to ground. the national military organization in the land of israel. in march nine hundred thirty seven you're going to launched a series of bomb attacks. against arab cafes markets buses
and trains. with the cycle of violence in palestine growing. the british decided to act. as a dangerous palace of conferences hoping to arrive at the solution of the arab jewish problem of palestine. after a conference in london after attended by both arabs and jews the british government produced a white paper setting a limit on jewish immigration to palestine for the next five years to bring peace to the beyond that it would be left to the arab majority to decide to the jews this was complete betrayal soon the british would feel their
anger. on the twenty sixth the bogus one nine hundred thirty nine. it a gun started its own war against the british killing two offices in a bomb attack. six days later the whole well it's descended into war. the air going on in egypt we called off its campaign. so as not to hinder britain's fight against what they called the jews' greatest enemy in the well. german nazi is. but within a splinter group now emerged led by a man determined to fight on. a hamster and thought that britain
was a greater enemy of the jews than down through germany. and he wanted to continue to fight the british during the second world war. you know order to expel them. in july one thousand nine hundred forty stern created a new militant break away from him gone called left or fighters for the freedom of israel. to the british it was simply the stern gang. the fate of falcon bernadotte would be determined by these men. they wanted the british out of the middle east the germans wanted the british out of the middle east so decided to make common cause with the nazis tried to make contact with them
and stumble the nazis weren't interested nothing came of it. it was a mixture of stupidity and fanaticism they thought that they have should join the enemy of england in order to attain help for the girls in palestine which was just stupid they were very brave and very stupid people. in february one thousand nine hundred forty two during his arrest in tel aviv by the british. after him stan was shot dead. on the six that november one thousand nine hundred forty four left he commanded now by yet sack shania struck back in an unexpected place. highroad. two assassins killed
lord moyne the british minister resident in the middle east outside his home. it's hard for me. was a terrorist and not just he but the other members of the stern gang defined themselves as terrorists and wrote that terrorism is a perfectly legitimate means for expelling the foreign occupier from the land of israel. after the end of world war two in one thousand nine hundred forty five as jewish organizations were honoring bernadotte for his work with the white buses. many of the holocaust survivors trying to enter palestine found their way barred.
britain had refused to raise immigration limits set before the war. to the jews the betrayal now seemed even greater. having one one draw britain found itself fighting another. this time against jewish militant groups. what developed was the kind of competition. it was the last sixty. and. also this.
violence and death ride the streets of jerusalem. and tel aviv has been the chief outward sign of a critical situation. palestine continues to present one of the most obstinate problems of today. responding with the draconian counterinsurgency campaign. the british arrested in. imposing the death penalty on the convicted insurgents. in response. under the command of another future israeli prime minister menachem
begin. at the king david hotel. the main base for the british administration in palestine. killing british arabs and jews alike. by october one thousand nine hundred forty seven jewish underground groups had killed one hundred twenty seven british servicemen. have been inspected thank his majesty's government few enough so that in the absence of a settlement fee mess few. british forces of the british administration from. britain had washed its hands of a problem of its own making. the fate of palestine now lay with the
united nations. only really in november one thousand nine hundred forty seven the un general assembly adopted resolution one eight one recommending that palestine be partitioned into separate arab and jewish states. the owners of the united nations the season to recommend partition brings while devolution among the jewish community into rosamond tel aviv. this was the first ever international recognition of the long hoped for jewish state. but the extremists saw no cause for celebration. they thought that the jews had the absolute right to the whole of
palestine. and that the borders of the jewish state shouldn't be defined by any foreign bodies like the united nations so they wanted greater israel as it existed in biblical times. in april one thousand nine hundred forty eight going to forces began a military operation to take control of arab areas assigned to the jewish state under the partition plan. extremist militias joined the effort but soon they had overstepped the mark. left that is the stern gang and you'll go in as the british call them participated
in one famous atrocity which was of course conquest and massacre which occurred in the village of the area seen on the ninth of april one nine hundred forty eight when about one hundred villagers were killed most of them civilians. the palestine mandate is ended britain is relieved of about sudan and cunningham takes leave of the troops are shown exemplary patience in a thankless task ten weeks more not acquired complete with the departure of the last high commissioner of palestine the british mandate was of. that same day in tel aviv david ben-gurion declared be establishment of the state of israel. thanks the celebration
would be short lived. within hours the egyptian air force would bomb the capital of the newly formed state. at the same time the armies of egypt jordan syria and iraq cross the borders into palestine. was the maintenance of modern security and just as an urgent question but from three new york the united nations faced a major challenge to its power and prestige. the first arab israeli war going. on the twentieth of may nineteenth forty eight the united nations named its first mediator in palestine. the man who would take on the task was
count full cabin adopt heroes of the white bus and. he was from that noble family he was a relative of the king and it's thought he could deal very good with people meeting high and making compromises and things like that. at the end of may nine hundred forty eight bernadotte left paris for the middle east. seen off by his american born wife estelle. in a pointed to echo of the white buses campaign burna dogs had his specially chartered plane painted white with the u.n. and red cross mocking us. into the fire count but it is caused by united nations as must help mediate it was time record ever. made him
above suspicion of advantage in tel aviv here. first time his first task was to bring about a cease fire. which needed that he went to the different capitals in kind of shuttle diplomacy. which he really invented because everybody was very impressed about his energy here to the temple we used when he was traveling around and there you can see he made all possible efforts to bring this ceasefire about. after only ten days in the middle east bernadotte scored his first success on the ninth of june he announced a four week truce. if it had been through federal politicians doing all the tricks i'm not sure he would have succeeded better because. they were
surprised of his total openness he never had this diplomatic roundabouts all the time and many people say that that was a clear advantage. by the end of june after weeks of diplomacy bernadotte was finally able to unveil a new plan for peace in palestine. was a realist and he did not want to abandon the un partition plan but he wanted to modify it to fit in with the new reality on the ground. and if you look at the map of the un partition plan it doesn't make much sense it's three jewish enclaves with kissing points and then there is the arab state which is also fragmented so basically what he
wanted to do is to give the jews the whole of the galilee in the north and the coastal plain but to deprive them of the negative and to give the negative to the arab state that there was not to be an independent palestinian state by this time the arab part of palestine was to be incorporated with france. despite there being no independent state allocated to the palestinians bernadotte proposals did include one key provision for them. the right of return for refugees expelled by force from their homes in israeli controlled areas. assess number four how can i bear no doubt proposed the right of return and he managed to obtain a un resolution that this is
a humanitarian right that can be ignored with no limits or numbers the complete and immediate right to return. and bernadotte plan included one more provision which would outrage the israelis. in his first peace plan which i think was his biggest mistake he said that jerusalem would be inside the arab state because there was no possibility whatsoever to have that use agreed to something like that. under bernadotte supplant judaism's most holy place would come under the control of the arabs. jewish militants decided they must fight on in defense of jerusalem. the campaign against bernadotte was building and plans were soon being laid for
just doesn't go away. for a living out of his truck for the last couple years he's homeless. follows a group of u.s. veterans traumatized by war. as they struggle to get their lives back. at this time. hello again adrian fenty good here in doha the top stories on al-jazeera the investigation into russian links with donald trump's presidential bid has seen his former campaign manager pull manifest and his business associate charged with conspiring against the u.s.
they've pleaded not guilty a third man who served as a campaign advisor has admitted lying to the f.b.i. about his contacts with moscow on official reports from washington. the white house is trying to don't plead the role that paul metaphor played in the campaign but he was campaign manager for a lot longer than steve bannon eventually got donald trump over the line and he played a key part in formulating the platform for the republican convention and also was the man who essentially pushed mike pence into the vice presidency put him before donald trump and said this is the guy you need to pick when donald trump was pretty keen on getting chris christie the job but george papadopoulos the man who's played guilty to misleading f.b.i. agents that brings the whole thing a lot closer to donald trump donald trump says that a libyan man links to a twenty twelve attack on an american diplomatic compound in benghazi has been captured attackers killed the ambassador to libya and three other americans president trump says that stuff for a man will face justice in the u.s.
spain is chief prosecutor is seeking charges against several senior catalan politicians over the recent vote on secession they could face up to thirty years in prison if convicted of rebellion sedition and embezzlement opposition supporters in kenya have reacted angrily to. being reelected in a rerun of the presidential vote supporters of his rival boycotted the election at least eight people were killed when israel destroyed a tunnel in gaza privatise to benjamin netanyahu says advanced location technology was used to identify the title in the current units area hamas as described the killings as a dangerous escalation. the future of a historic ceasefire agreement in colombia is in doubt after an armed group admitted killing an indigenous leader the national liberation army or the land says it was questioning islama for a stero on links to colombia's intelligence services when he tackled one of its
members it says that he was shot in self-defense i'll be back with a news hour a little over twenty five minutes but now let's get you back to killing the count. the greek island of rhodes. a world heritage site today it's one of the most popular tourist destinations in europe. rose's hotel is one of the oldest on the island.
in the summer of one nine hundred forty eight count foca bernadotte the un's first mediate up for palestine had chosen the island as his headquarters. for the arrival of his american born wife estelle and their two sons full care and bed to ease the tension as bernadotte waited for the official response to his proposals to end the war that had broken out in palestine. after two weeks relaxing with his family. bernadotte set out on another round of shuttle diplomacy. with him warning one day he came with the red cross here before he's had as a put this all and i put it all but i was allowed to travel with him in the world i did they friends go. to jerusalem. but i was told to stay of the
car. but adults had come to jerusalem to meet the israeli foreign minister moshe ret. israel's response to burne adults plan was a total rejection. i think they saw him as an enemy of the jewish state he was going to reduce by large measure the size of the state the jews were to have so they regarded him as pro arab basically and he was in some ways a an agent of the british government who were regarded rightly or wrongly by the israelis as anti zionist. after the failure of bernadotte first plan and with a full week troops coming to its end. fighting broke out again palestine.
would have. back in the middle east and with a second fragile truce in place bernadotte began a new round of negotiations. but securing that peace seemed impossible. like an shandor escheat and that but often he didn't have anything definite convinced either the arabs or the israelis that he had read authority or power so there was a lot of resistance from both sides to his proposal for their give up about. in mid august and exhausted bernadotte flew to sweden.
he was to chair the international red cross conference. and it was a chance to see his family. he took me out for a whole day we went to museum or winters or football and things like that and i remember afterwards to having my father for myself a whole day was a day and a fantastic thing to happen. once. before returning to the middle east he arranged to meet estelle in paris three weeks later. for her birthday. it was a meeting he would never make. during the first two weeks of september one thousand nine hundred forty eight bernadotte
spent what would prove to be the last days of his life in rhodes putting the final touches to a revised peace plan. completed on the sixteenth of september it contained a major concession to israel jerusalem the city would no longer be under arab control it would be administered by the united nations. but this change had come to light. six days earlier in an apartment in tel aviv's ben yehuda street the commanders of leahy the stern gang had come together to seal the fate of falcon bernadotte. nothing really more voted against the assassination of been
a door. doctor he said i have. voted for the s.s. in the nation anything like show me a cost he's voted in favor of the assassination of the u.n. envoy. so it was two against one that's how the decision was made. on the seventeenth of september one thousand nine hundred forty eight at ten o'clock in the morning. count full cabinet officers landed at kalandia rathole just north of jerusalem. shortly after his three car convoy arrived at the mandelbaum dates. the crossing points into the west and jewish part of jerusalem.
waiting at the gates was a liaison officer assigned to him by the israeli government. captain moshe. for their father count notice that mr hellman was armed with a pistol so he turned to him and said no no no no you have to get rid of that pistol give it to the other officers here you're under the protection of the un and when you're protected by the un there are no weapons. with no military escort no protection other than the u.n. flag. burning docks convoy and to jewish jerusalem. after a few hours spent visiting the former british governor's house they headed to the y.m.c.a.
for the night. as they left andres soho a french colonel traveling with the u.n. convoy asked tilman to do him a favor. them a hundred or so bit and i thought right away the liaison officer swapped seats in burn adults car and goes to sit in another car in the convoy care should be the move the upload. and switches with colonel servo who asked for the chance to thank bernadotte for the red cross campaign that had saved his wife from a german concentration camp of. the. little straw. so i was wife had been liberated by one of the white fusses. his gratitude would cost him his life.
heading towards the y.m.c.a. the three car convoy was suddenly halted. an army jeep pulled out from the side street to block the road. three men an israeli army fatigues sprang out of the jeep. they are they block the road and then two of the assassins come out steinberg and ben maché and puncture the tires of the vehicles in front. of a gully shed day on the phone here that we show no they don't know which car the county's in and then suddenly the count opens the window of his car so he can see what's happening. to show you his the shots so that they are bad news the image of we'll show up for you then they identify him and yehoshua cohen goes to the car puts his schmeiser submachine gun in through the window and unloads on everyone
sitting in the receipt but most of all the. six bullets tore into the underdogs left arm throat and chest. cohen kept firing pumping eighteen bullets into colonel sorrow. in a matter of seconds the assassins had made their escape. by five o'clock in the afternoon bernadotte lay dead in hospital. alongside him colonels. i heard it on the radio which was a bit deplorable in many ways the news had come first of all it was a swedish king and he baited with members of the family who would inform my mother and that debate carried on so much that the swedish radio assumed that
the family had been told but we hadn't so therefore it came as a bit of a shock and i got up and went to my mother and said something's happened to my father and she said i i felt that i had a feeling. she knew that he was there. and. the next day bernadotte body left israel on the same white plane that had carried him in search of news. it was on its way to paris where bernadotte had been due to present his second peace plan to a un meeting. and to meet his wife to celebrate her birthday. politicians and diplomats
representing their countries of the un meeting in paris came to all the airports to pay their last respects. with the assassination of its mediator the u.n. had failed its first great test. that evening bernadotte body arrived in stockholm and was carried to the family home. life all the way in a room in our house. but my mother didn't think it a good idea and neither did i that i should go in and see him like that so i didn't have a saw. five
days later swedes came on to the streets of stockholm to bid farewell to burn thought. ninety year old king gustav arrived to mourn the death of his beloved nephew. scouts and red cross workers from the two organizations bernadotte chaired the coffin along its way to the northern cemetery. when. in israel prime minister david ben-gurion
ordered an immediate hunt for the killers. but it soon became apparent that the hunt was not what it seemed. moshe hilman the liaison officer traveling with bernadotte had recognized the driver of the jeep used by the assassins a very much as they are so yeah my dad went to moshe dyan who was then the military commander of jerusalem and said to him listen i received a threatening letter that said hilman be careful why because he knew one of them but he said he didn't want to mess anything up and diane said to him you know what let's leave things in secret for the time being we didn't hear we didn't see. with bernadotte death his plan also done right. but the legacy of his assassination had only just begun. israel covertly strengthened
during the truce successfully launched a series of military operations to drive out the arab amin's. israel at the end of the forty eight war was interested in retaining its conquests and all the territory which it had in its hands which included of course all of galilee and a the negative were going to have relinquished them in line with what the bernadotte had planned. i doubt it. in one thousand nine hundred forty nine a series of armistice agreement was signed in bernadotte former headquarters in roads between israel and its arab neighbors. but the solutions bernadotte had been seeking and had paid for with his life remained elusive. but if of course the
jerusalem problem is still under resort that this day and then of the want of the city to be part of the arab state or under international administration the proposal for the immediate return of fifty g.'s if that had happened relations between designers ten palestinians would have been a better more able to find the common future for palestine but for this thing. with israel victorious ben-gurion announced a general amnesty. bernadotte killers were freed to return to normal life in the new state of israel. yahshua cohen would head south to the newly occupied negative to a kibbutz called sday bucca. in years to come prime minister david ben-gurion would make this place his home. you're sure calling
was one of the founders of this there because he puts the book at her and was the closest member of the kibbutz to bring gloria they were going to get there before the morning march in the evening march and they were talking in the were friendly and i thought to myself wow this was the guy well when gloria wanted to find anywhere he wanted to find him to crush him and now they're their friends. while bernadotte killer became a friend of the prime minister. one of the men who ordered the killing would eventually rise to that role himself. great of a humiliation when the right wing swept to power for the first time in one thousand nine hundred seventy seven. men are him begun the former you're going to need a became prime minister.
yitzhak shamir the formulae he commander became speaker of the israeli parliament the knesset i never have. been beginning with i and show me a target if. this is not really unusual. except that show me of an honest to goodness fellow with the beginning of not. lead best lead. operations. under a palestinian uprising the first intifada provoked a brutal reaction. of
ours say after stop all these horses of the riots of flying stubbles or wounding people it's yours lies. in one thousand nine hundred ninety two israeli politics veered to chop the left. rabin leader of the labor party came to power as prime minister. he quickly began to secure peace deals after decades of struggle with the arabs. but right wing extremism was still alive in israel. and in november one thousand nine hundred ninety five while attending a peace rally in tel aviv these were. itzhak rabin like bernadotte
paid the ultimate price for the pursuit of peace. he was killed by one of his own countrymen. a peace which had seemed within reach. was once again snatched away. in sweden the memory of fall combinatorics has faded. except in this place. the royal palace in stockholm. on the twenty fifth of february two thousand and twelve king called gustav of
sweden announced that his newborn granddaughter would be cold estelle. is there was the wife of the fourth amendment and now to me it's a clear rare demonstration that they want in some way to. do homage called battle and if this baby would have been and always i guess he would have remained for the. second in line to the throne princess estelle may one day be queen of sweden. the christening has rekindled public interest in but an adult's life story. bus in this house in gothenburg there is one man for whom the count story has been
a life's work. in one nine hundred fifty seven son a person was a member of a swedish un but tiny and guarding the armistice line between egypt and israel. this his first contact with the struggle in the middle east would shape the remainder of his life there's a lot. left to truth. son and. i have the right to take. that. up carol. oh. so i have met. joe. and we had
or. how i when i'm places say the weather is now quieting down across that northeastern corner of the end eyes his stacey can see the error cloud him making its way further northeast was at a little bit of a nor'easter which is filtered in across new england eastern parts of kind of the produced a fair amount of rain lively waynes added they some coastal flooding as a result of that system coming through west of the weather will ease away as we go
on through chews day if it is snowing there you notice into one terrio and quick back but should be largely dry there for maybe the odd shower eight degrees celsius thirty celsius for new york so pretty ordinary weather right down that eastern side of the u.s. a little more cloud though coming across the southwestern corner some rain some sleet and some snow a possibility so when there is colorado maybe into new mexico wet weather will push its way into texas as we go through where to stand some heavy rain at that easing over towards the louisiana was going to the second half of the week still a fair amount of cloud around the northern plains with a possibility of some snow calgary you know within three degrees celsius meanwhile tropical showers continue across central parts of the caribbean still a large area cloud there just around the great around to the jamaica to them of the chance of seeing some very heavy rain running right down to nicaragua. it's sad that. five years after the