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tv   newsgrid  Al Jazeera  October 31, 2017 6:00pm-7:00pm AST

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at this time. for twenty three years as collected objects he finds a long. enough to fill his museum enough to break a guinness world record. with the story. he's become an environmental activist an inspired. voice for the part of the smart. this time. this is al jazeera. and live from studio fourteen here at al-jazeera headquarters in doha i'm hasn't saeco welcome to the news grid anti social networks the heads of facebook twitter and google before us to tell them
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russia tried to reach one hundred twenty million americans with divisive social and political messages they say it happened during an off the last year's presidential campaign will be live in washington shutdown closes one of its offshore detention centers but the hundreds of asylum seekers at the manor facility are not leaving without a fight the government wants them to relocate but they say they're scared for their safety so what's next for them raise your game or suffer the consequences the u.n. is warning momentum on climate change is functioning as a countries must do more we take a look at the latest trends the good the bad and what it all means for the fight to stop global warming the young victims of the war in syria are speaking out to share their stories we're following the hash tag my voice matters as we look into the impacts of children living. violent and i'm we're hard in connected us with the
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hash tag a genius for. thank. you and you're the news great live on air and streaming online through you tube facebook live and al jazeera dot com did russia use tech companies to interfere in the twenty sixteen presidential election well that's the question politicians in the u.s. hoping to get some answers to the bosses of facebook twitter and google will go before senators and congressmen in just a few hours there outlined how russia allegedly used their services to influence last year's polls and there are already reports coming out about what they're going to say facebook says russia based operatives published eighty thousand posts during and after the election it reckons the one hundred twenty six million americans could have seen those posts about half of them were voting age population or twitter found russia linked accounts generated one point four million election
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related tweets between september and november last year hof of them were automated and google says pro russian groups uploaded more than one thousand videos to its you tube service or russia's foreign minister denies any meddling in u.s. elections and calls the allegations fantasies kimberly how could joins us live now from washington d.c. so kimberly just just how significant is all of this and what else are we expecting to hear from these tech executives. well it's significant given the fact that this is one of two panels that is taking place on capitol hill we have the subcommittee hearing of the judiciary committee today and on wednesday we have the senate intelligence as it came to news it probe into russian interference in the twenty sixteen u.s. election given what we expect will say there certainly is an acknowledgment by
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these tech giants facebook twitter as well as google that there was purchasing out of these ads that it was much more vast than anyone expected but also expected there's a little bit of reticence as these companies do cooperate with investigators given the fact that these hearings often lead to regulation something that these tech companies right now enjoy a sort of a sort of relaxed attitude given the fact in the words of senator lindsey graham really this is kind of the wild west of of the tech industry there's not a lot of regulation in terms of the buying of these ads with respect to campaigns political campaigns or the election so there is this nervousness among these tech giants that are testifying about what comes after these hearings because right now again they're sort of enjoying these sort of lax regulations and the fear is that with this testimony will come just the opposite and of course all of this comes off
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to the dramatic events of monday and the announcement of those indictments from. the special counsel they've had more than twenty four hours now to digest all of this what is the feeling there about where this investigation is going to go and how close it could get to the president. well the digestion that seems to be occurring is in terms of those that have been charged just who is most harmful to the president and well initially it was thought the former campaign chair paul amana forte and that the charges he's facing were particularly damaging to the trumpet ministration the trunk campaign the spotlight now seems to focus on george papadopoulos the gentleman who the white house says was nothing more than a volunteer but the indictment says in fact he was what they're calling a proactive cooperator in terms of this muller investigation in other words not only has he pled guilty to lying to f.b.i.
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investigators but he's also working with muller in his investigation of his russia probe to try it in look here is get more evidence that could be part of an effort to try and get to a bigger target even the president donald trump the concerning thing about george papadopoulos to the president is the fact that he well he was working on the campaign as a foreign policy adviser and in fact was the go between issuing e-mails to russian nationals and reaching out to the campaign to try to coordinate meetings that seems to lay out the template for collusion which of course is what robert muller is trying to prove and that could prove to be if there is evidence that has been gathered damaging for this white house or i can believe how could life force there in washington thank you. now john biggs is the editor at large at tech crunch you need joins me now from new york via skype to talk more about this thanks for being with us now when you introduced this story i think the number that jumped out of
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a lot of people was the one hundred twenty million americans that they are estimating it. could have seen all of these posts on facebook but what does this i mean how punish this is this and how perhaps dangerous is this for the the political discourse so or are we making too much of it. i think it's probably dangerous as well or dangerous to have. eighty thousand pieces of information out there that are mostly false and are taken as truth and are broadcast worldwide by the social networks essentially we're in a situation where you can't trust what you read online you never really could write but but at this point it's even worse and one of the tech companies. what should they be doing right now the pet pap's they have not been doing in the far in the past to try to counter this they should be fun their own terms of service if you're if you're posting hate speech if you're posting if you're posting fake garbage
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online and you're and you spread it pretty active lee using these tools. everybody in these organizations fall i would say i would say mark zuckerberg is is enemy number one right now when it comes to the truth online and how incumbent is it upon then for people to to to kind of. use use a kind of a lot of their own common sense in trying to filter some of this stuff out themselves to to to to get through what is what's clearly. untrue and his and he and his is fake news and is just for partisan purposes and and are and what they know is is is more credible. well the worst thing is that you really don't know what's credible right now so if you if you used to read a newspaper and we can't go back to newspapers obviously if you straight a newspaper you could go through the newspaper and pick out what you want to read now the computer another robot basically picks stuff for you to read and we're
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going to pour in a position that we all have our own personal news feeds and it feeds into our own personal peccadilloes if we're afraid of something we get more news about how that thing is bad if we're pro something that we get more news about that thing is good and it's happening it's happening as we as we read the internet and we're picking what we read. and it's being pushed in front of us so we have very little control over it as well so common sense doesn't have anything to do with this anymore because our brains are wired to expect to graze over and wider range of information but in this case the information just pops up it is stuck into our faces almost immediately without our control yeah it is an ongoing battle to filter out good and bad information out there john biggs good to speak to you thank you thank you. now katz i'll add a second catalyze sec president says he is not looking for political asylum in belgium but he's there for his own safety call us put him on was speaking for the
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first time since spain's top prosecutor to call for rebellion and sedition charges against him on monday that request tied to his decision to declare catalonia as independence. and other catalan leaders who could face thirty years in jail if convicted. the spanish government wanted to conduct a very aggressive attack without precedence against the people of catalonia against officials who were truthful to the legitimate government and against the government over which i preside with charges from the prosecution that were confirmed yesterday with sentences that could be adding up to five hundred years in jail against members of the catalan government we agreed unanimously that the government would give priority to caution safety and moderation. or david chaytor is live for us brussels so david what's been the reaction to. mr put him on. next move good big. as of the
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this man is essentially the eye of a media storm at the moment we haven't heard of him since friday he drove in a car to mass in the court of light to brussels belgium prime minister here said that he had nothing to do with inviting putin want to hear and that he was a free citizen a free man under the laws and he could do essentially what he wanted now that was also the point of the cowtown leader brought up at the press conference he said here in the hearts of the democracy in europe in brussels he felt safe and free to operate in any way we wanted so given the fact that everybody's watching and listening to him he's got a great opportunity here to actually come out with more statements come out with more press conferences go in meet if we can members of the european parliament and press his case press his case also he hopes where maybe some senior officials
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within the e.u. council and commission but they will turn their back on him i don't think anyone's answering his phone calls so he's going to come up with something to make sure that he stays in the eye of that storm that his fight for the independence of catalonia remains at the center of news both worldwide and of course in spain and he's been very successful so far he's kept his silence and everybody came to this press conference he's really got his message across and i think we'll see some more strategies just like that over the next few days as you say he's very much in the eye of the storm here and perhaps some would say he and his supporters are kind of on the back foot here at the moment with with he and his many of the leaders not in the country right now his supporters back in catalonia will be wondering what what happens next and and looking to him for leadership what's the feeling there.
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well hasn't yet. he has something like that i think seven members of his cabinet with him it was originally thought five in fact he said he's got seven members of that cabinet with him so there is already a large part of their original government in exile even though it's been deposed and what's been happening is that i think yes there's probably some disquiet among catalonian people that he's taken this particular time when madrid is beginning to close down on catalonia takes certain strict measures that he's absent if you like absent and away from catalonia because the the government in madrid first of all constitutional court today quashed the the independence decoration by catalonia last week also the civil guard have been searching the the local police
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headquarters in barcelona but typically looking for communications between the police units on the on the actual day of the referendum so it seems that in no the major govern is closing in on catalonia at the same time the former president and seven of his ministers are here in europe so i think their bit disappointed you have a fascinating fascinating to see what does happen next for the moment david tate a life for us there in brussels now refugees have barricaded themselves inside an australian run detention center in papua new guinea the manners are in compound was closed on tuesday after a court deemed it illegal australia now wants the six hundred asylum seekers to be relocated to nearby facilities but they don't want to leave because they fear for their safety charlotte bellis reports. these refugees are desperate to stay inside
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a detention center that they fought to close our men. are safe maybe this is my last picture you you see here maybe not who knows our life is in deep danger. refugees was sent to the man asylum detention seem to by a stray here four years ago holding pain until a permanent solution was found and a deterrent for those who might follow. the locals of papa new guinea were always hostile it was an attack in twenty four tane that left one refugee did the concept and conditions of men a silent who widely condemned finally according to the legal and astray or grade to close the same to and pay refugees compensation. but as the facility was decommissioned and security forces left on tuesday refugees reported. yesterday and authorities all out of the center. adding these refugees essential really. and they
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have serious concerns for their safety on medicine and whether they need the facility or not so barricaded themselves into the center. it's now a c h water electricity and food supplies have been cut off. the water tank is empty. as best i can tell we know it's good to die. but we are staged the asylum seekers were given alternative accommodation on the island but they said it isn't equipped to protect them from the locals they are not going to get safe to go into that's why i'm saying here this is a crazy situation everybody has been screaming about wanted to get out of the place where we saw that we had a closet and moved them into a different facility. require those the refugees to go back to their country of origin and now they want life straightly as government says the prison closure is
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a matter for happy new guinea and yet pup in new guinea disputed that in a statement on sunday which leaves refugees caught between two governments and a hostile native population shallop ballasts al jazeera now our team news group is in contact with several refugees on madness island many of them quite active online frequently posting updates especially on twitter earlier we heard from. charlie who's been on the island for a half years now he sent us this message via whatsapp the important thing is that the refugees don't feel safe in this. island we didn't come to. ireland we didn't come. country by. strange government force. by force to this place and have kept us in this prison after four and
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a half years they just left last year without protection so. we worry. scary at this moment it's really. any time we are expecting. someone attack us nobody is here to protect the refugees or let's get more of the latest world news for you now with felicity in london. thanks so much indeed we're going to start in afghanistan that's at least where at least three people have been killed in a bomb blast near the u.s. embassy in kabul afghanistan defense ministry says at least fifteen others were injured in the suicide attack it happened in an area where many foreign embassies and government departments are face a quarterly report to the u.s. congress has highlighted just how much the situation is deteriorating in afghanistan it says are groups are increasing their control and territory across
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the country and civilian casualties are up fifty two percent on last year. kenya's opposition leader raul adiga has called for the results of the presidential election rerun to be an ultra president who are kenyatta was declared the winner on monday ninety eight point two percent of the vote in the turnout was below forty percent because the poll was boycotted opposition supporters but it made no mention of a legal challenge but will the election results will undermine the public's faith in democracy after a series mohammed oh has more now from my baby raila odinga says he will not accept the results of the election but were released on monday and the president who. is in office illegally is now embarked on what he calls a complete for electrode justice and he says he will achieve that by calling on his supporters to come out and protest picket them court goods and services
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belong to companies of the presidents for a million or so or other people allied to his dibley party this is what reloading had to say this illusion must nonstandard. if alone does turn. mockery. of the bollocks as a means of instituting a government in. little does draw of the public confidence in the vote. will not turn out to. be determined outcomes. comments will not come as any consolation to many kenyans who want to move forward and leave the whole process behind them it's been a more electoral process we've been hearing of this election since june this year
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and it's been a process marked with violent protests attacks on the ideas and threats to the electoral commission staff all the signs of a country on the brink and it promises to be in a longer process and more painful one israel continues with his uncompromising stand cambodia's top court has ruled that opposition leader can socha must remain in prison while he awaits trial for treason he was arrested at the beginning of september and accused of working with the us to overthrow the ruling party if convicted he faces up to thirty years in prison hun sen's government is also taking steps to dissolve came so because cambodia national rescue party that is the only opposition party with seats in parliament or musa church is vice president of the cambodian national rescue party she fled cambodia a few weeks ago fearing arrest just now in the moroccan capital robot she says democracy in cambodia needs help from the international community is journalist and
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wants to continue to have is powerful and can use we cannot have mr kenyon's it will be the end of cambodia is not enough our and the opposition michael he is the last credible party is. the choice of the people in two thousand and the recent local elections we must create the air it should and step one is that has to be released we want free and fair elections not by ends resolution and the power for cambodia to rule for all the up or we are asking the international community to step at right now so. that's not get have to face the solution is the present will listen to the international community is strong mention for sanctions thailand has revoked the passports of former prime
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minister yingluck shinawatra who's believed to be living in the u.k. she fled the country in august after failing to appear in court to face charges of negligence she was later satyrs to five years in prison in absentia eunuch says the case was politically motivated she was removed from office in a coup in twenty fourteen. and a japanese man has been arrested after police in tokyo found the dismembered bodies of nine people in his apartment twenty seven year old takahiro shut eye she has confessed to killing the eight women and one man cutting up their bodies and hiding them in coolers covered with cat litter besa gators were searching for a twenty three year old woman who disappeared last week after exchanging internet messages with her i should. and that's it for me for this news chris back to has i'm into felicity very few now another round of talks aimed at ending syria's six year war is taking place in kazakstan capital the meeting is expected to call for
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a ceasefire which when government forces and rebel groups release six months m.r. carney reports from a stunner. the talks in a starter have concentrated on strengthening the deescalation zones in syria established in september those owns include it live province northern homes in homs eastern ghouta and parts of the border with jordan security in the zones has been guaranteed by russia and iran who backed the syrian regime and by turkey to back the rebels that keeps the farmhouse firmly entrenched on the ground in syria but the charity international rescue committee is concerned that civilians have been forgotten. the safety of civilians has not improved with the establishment of the so-called deescalation areas with so many armed groups not covered by cease fire agreements we have even seen periods of increased aerial bombardment the idea that peace is somehow broken out in syria is far from the reality we see civilians
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trapped in the area a pessimistic that the astonished talks will change anything. for the left actually the entire us donna process is a failure it is nothing but empty promises we will do this we will do that all life . the circulation of the horse start a process is a failure many years have passed since the beginning of the revolution and nothing has changed to me the situation more remain as it is. the syrian opposition also claims civilians are being targeted the escalation areas which are being breached by the regime in iran on almost daily basis and russia's are going to and it's supposed to do something about that the deescalation zones are in place for another six months however that might get extended but what the a standard talk seem to be proving is that russia is leading the charge however they are walking a tightrope between the international community and all the different syrian factions but they do seem to be backing syrian president bashar al assad it's not
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just the deescalation zones that are under discussion the syrian opposition want a prisoner exchange but there's been no agreement on that so far u.n. backed talks are scheduled for geneva in late november imran khan a star. is the director of the center for conflict and humanitarian studies here at the doha institute and he is with me now in the studio welcome so it is the this is the seventh round of talks in a start and we're not even talking about ending the conflict so how much should we pin on anything meaningful or effective coming out of these talks that. well the standard process was never meant to bring in an end to the conflict they stand a process was introduced by the russians the turks and the iranians to try and reduce the level of violence in syria and there are other reasons which we can talk about in a minute but i think it has been successful so far in reducing hostilities within
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syria and you can see this in prickly proven in terms of casualties dropping in numbers attacks on health facilities other facilities and so on but it hasn't put an end to the violence altogether and it hasn't led to assess the situation of violence in syria a lot of the discussion has been around these so-called the escalation. in syria what guarantees are in place then. from from from getting them and do they serve a purpose saw or are they just kind of shifting the problem around or those zones are areas where the opposition is concentrated mostly and the idea is that there are different reasonably well defined and all parties will resist using violence and in those areas by doesn't stop you entirely from pursuing certain amount of military activities and it is seen really in the interest of working the interests
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of the assad regime because they're able to win politically internationally that in the sense that they're engaging talking to the others at the same time to continue with their operations the russians their ears on the ground and it hasn't in. benefited as much aside from the reduction of violence it hasn't benefited the opposition terms of holding on to ground or developing long term vision in terms of what could syria look like in the future. and can what's happening in a start really work in power with the geneva process because there have been talks have been going on for years as well in geneva led by the. special u.n. envoy which is focused on a longer term political solution are they competing or they've been coordinated what's going on there and if you recall back in december it started very much as a separate process and it was seen as the eastern solution the russians coming
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alongside the turks and the rainiest offer something different but i think since then there has been more and more coordination between the two the parties attending there stana talks are more or less the same now as the same parties are tending the geneva talks the only difference is that in geneva they're talking about a long term political settlement in estonia they're trying to firefight basically the conflict on and on weekly basis or i could speak with assault on but a car thanks very much there were things well even those even as those talks drag on the need for aid and basic services inside syria continues to grow more than thirteen million people inside syria still need humanitarian assistance six point three million of them are exceptionally vulnerable and in acutely as a result of displacement hostilities and limited access to basic goods and services conflict and violations of international humanitarian law continue to be the
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principal drivers of humanitarian need with civilians in many parts of the country injuring massive suffering. our trucks with aid for nearly forty thousand people have entered the rebel held area of eastern huta near damascus it's been under siege by government forces since twenty thirteen the u.n. says a convoy carrying food and medical supplies reached the area on monday but some of the people who are still there say the help is not enough and six years on the human cost of the war there is staggering more than four hundred thousand people have been killed and some twelve million syrians have been displaced the u.n. say more than five million of them have registered as refugees outside syria the largest number have gone to turkey which is hosting more than three million syrian refugees just over a million of them escape the fighting and destruction to neighboring lebanon and more than half
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a million syrians crossed into jordan. let's get more on this now from leah wright will children are among the most impacted by the war in syria and the group save the children is behind the latest child refugee hash tag they're hosting a unique conference in lebanon where they're having the children speak and share their stories themselves the aim is to bring their voices to politicians and to encourage organizations to provide health care education and more housing children from lebanon syria and occupy pos new territories are sharing their experiences during the summit the hash tag my voice matters to is being used to post updates about the children one young lebanese child quote said child marriage should be banned in lebanon i know a pregnant thirteen year old that was said during the summit now the war in syria is also at the forefront of the summit about seven and
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a half million children in syria today are growing up knowing nothing about war but now on the bed you may remember her she's a seven year old from syria and we've been following her here on the grid first quite some time she documented her journey during the conflict on twitter she now lives in turkey and recently shared this picture with her three hundred and sixty two thousand followers she said quote my school was bombed today i can go to school without fear the world needs peace pin and book she says she also regularly posts videos speaking out in support of other children who are in war zones how the friends i am that he said because. i only see the children this time of the day because there is no these days a lot of people don't have food and there
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would just sun. places that you. we should tell that to go to school like. and live in peace and. and that would that. we should just. like i said she's only seven years old war interactive team here at al-jazeera they put together this interactive graphic to let us know how young lives in syria are really impacted looking at different elements here especially the psychological toll one in four children are at risk of severe mental health disorders with potentially lifelong consequences and then another thing to think about is that the majority of children are risk of being recruited by armed groups this entire info graphic is available to you under our interactive page on our website now just this week a barrel bomb killed at least three people including a child in the opposition held city of rest on in homs province that's according to
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the syrian network for human rights it's those children that survive attacks like this that groups like save the children are trying to help you can follow the save the children conference to hear testimonies from children who are now refugees sharing their stories the hashtag as i said is my voice matters to if you're following that let us know what you think and be sure to use our hash tag as well a.j. news grid has a. thanks very much leah now if you have anything to say about these stories get in touch with one of our online platforms tweet us at a.j. english or on facebook dot com slash a.j. news grid you can also send this a whatsapp message at plus nine seven four five zero one zero one four nine and of course you can always use the hash tag a.j. news group. for those of you watching us on facebook live made the video gamers who felt underrepresented and took matters into their own hands the jays that and then
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after the break how south korea and china are teaming up i mean nuclear threats. hello and welcome back we'll take a look at weather conditions across the levant and western parts of asia but of close pushing through but you know it's quite remarkable temperatures there are twenty three and almighty and really this time of year temperatures should be about ten degrees out best well we will find cold weather eventually pushing in across this region as we head through into the latter part of the weekend in particular so drop by about ten to thirteen degrees same goes for time can't meanwhile we've got colder air further towards the west you can see there across parts of turkey temperatures struggling a little bit of snow as well the higher elevations cooler conditions around the
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eastern side of the mediterranean and pleasant effort by tap highs of thirty one kuwait city to the him by some of thirty three here in the arabian peninsula the humidity is still fairly high temperatures are up for this time of year to thirty for those still very pleasant here and can only get better with time really on the other side of the peninsula is looking fine for a medina and mecca temperatures again in the mid thirty's so nice weather conditions though to heading across into southern parts of africa we've got to have . amounts of cloud actually coming through convergence developing so far as the forecast is concerned it's looking largely dry and fine pleasant day twenty one we've got some showers and. sixty seven words that spelled promise one people but ended up a disaster for another. that led to the establishment of
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a jewish homeland at the expense of the palestinians a hundred years on al-jazeera world tells the story of the british declaration that changed the middle east for seeds of discord this time. al-jazeera. interview eyes.
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and again i want to give you a quick look at what is trending on our websites dot com these most popular stories right now the most viewed stories singapore banning the most emailed from entering the country events in catalonia as well also in their comparison to the situation in scotland with their independence referendum
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a couple years back all that. dot com. now china and south korea have agreed to improve diplomatic relations off their year long standoff over you u.s. made anti missile systems in south korea seoul and beijing say though what together to come north korea's nuclear program tony badly has this from so. they issued a press statement saying that they want to get the normalization of relations back on track that's encouraging neither side would be a lab rating on the thout missile defense system but both said that they remained in position with their stand on china wanting the missile system to be withdrawn and south korea saying it must stay but they've agreed to talk about that in the future that is encouraging it's one of those methods now of reducing tension here because in the last few weeks the rhetoric between p.r.
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yang in the north and washington in particular with president trump has really gone up a ratcheting or two a couple of notches so there are concerns about the fire and fury and the threats of total destruction north korea the threats by north korea basically of a another nuclear nuclear test at this one atmospheric so a lot of concern and with president trump about to arrive in south korea in the next week there are concerns about what may happen both china and south korea in addition to these meetings of both reaffirm their commitment to peace for ways of trying to get north korea to denuclearize that is actually good news everyone sees this as a very highly emotional and tense situation in korea and the korean peninsula and very much those concerns that it may lead to something happening an unpredictable nature. tony burley there are not enough is being done to reduce climate change
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that's the conclusion of a new un report which says there's a catastrophic shortfall between what countries have pledged to do and what they are actually doing two years after one hundred ninety five countries signed the landmark paris climate deal to keep quote warming to well below two degrees celsius momentum is faltering greenhouse gas emissions are on course arise about thirty percent above the twenty thirty global target and that's being blamed partly on population growth agricultural practices deforestation and energy use from fossil fuels but it's not all bad news though the u.n. says some progress has been made with more investments in solar and wind energy john christensen is the director of the united nations environment program partnership which is a leading international research an advisory institution on energy climate and sustainable development good to have you with us so i want to ask you first of all one of the things that comes out of this report today suggests that the commitments
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made at the at the paris climate agreement do not go far enough why is that just explain that i think it's partly to do with the process because the process around paris was that countries were sitting in their own suggestion for what they could do and i think it would you do this kind of bottom up process where they're also i want to do so much everybody tends to be a little bit conservative in the first go because they're waiting to see what the other ones commit to and therefore the process has built up with a possible ramping up of the commitments over time and the next discussion of that will start next year so what needs to be done then to combat the negative effects of climate change and does money need to be set aside by countries for new technologies that can better help us achieve them. yeah i think money is is part of the story because many developing countries made their commitments
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with a condition that they would receive support both financially and technologically such of the commitments from the relevant countries there's a need to put some more money into the green climate front of the into green investments in general but i think what we show in the report is that you can actually do a lot of what needs to be done with existing technologies and existing policies that we know about but that really needs to be applied much wider than they are right now some of them don't come with additional cost but some of them do so i think it's impose impossible for developing countries to do it on their own the need support but many industrialized countries could easily do much more maybe even serial costs but simply doing the right things at the right time on a number of industry leaders and non-state actors that is organizations and individuals have been at the conference in geneva today way you've unveiled this do do they need to step up and bridge the gap that the governments are not meeting
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well i think the governments are responsible for the plans for the national commitment part of the way of implementing that is of course by acting true industries and through other actors say it is a very active and regions are so active i don't think it's fair to push it on to private sector say you should do this without some kind of incentive or support or whatever but i think it all comes together if what countries commit is also engaging the private sector in the right way and of course you can guide that through regulation or incentives or so forth but i think it's that question a lot of companies are acting on their own also and we had a lot of the positive companies here today talking about what they do while they wait for governments to get their act together many of them simply act because they think sustainability and climate are important issues for all of us and also for their own business john christine good to speak. whether. there may be
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a real monetary cost to the lack of. a look at the price tag in the us. is the primary control. though i would agree that it's
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a primary. time to go off the grid now back to leah banks has a more following a developing story from brazil about
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a new law that is trying to change the government's definition of slavery now according to the brazilian penal code slavery and clude forced labor exhaustive hours degrading conditions and movement restriction the government has a public list of employers that have been accused of slavery but now a new controversial law has narrowed the definition of slavery to their restriction of movement and the lack of freedom of choice this new law now excludes ninety percent of previous reported cases as for the list of offenders that i just mentioned well it's not open to the public anymore the law has caused quite an uproar from human rights organizations and from politicians all across brazil online people have been protesting the decree with hashtags like we are free out of slavery and no slavery this poster here asks during your working hours do you faint do you receive rotten food do you sleep in filthy dorms shouldn't this be
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considered slave work celebrities are also joining in on the conversation take a listen to this is that my people eating with the animals sleeping on the ground in the middle of bushes that have to hunt that work until they die that will no longer be considered sleeper in brazil look there is such moments i had moments to do my job and i reach my limits of exhaustion yes but not even my worst moment compares to what tells of people and their slavery people who aren't free who work under conditions that the human dignity. so the brazilian government says the original law was too broad and led to wrong convictions the minister of labor responded for the new legislation and it says that it's meant to crack down more on slavery charges but even members of his ministry are against the changes so much so that the supreme court actually suspended the law this month under pressure the minister says that he could revise it but that it will not be revoked now according
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to a report by n.-g. o. a lion eighty seven in two thousand and sixteen more than forty million people around the world were victims of modern slavery in brazil alone almost fifty thousand people were freed from slavery in the last two decades as we see here from this graphic from watchdog reporter brazil un brazil says that it is quote deeply concerned with the recent law that changes the definition of slavery and that will make fighting this evil harder if you want to get in touch with us especially if you're in brazil we would love to hear from you you can write me directly at leo harding a j e and as always you can use your hash tag a.j. has a. now we do like to hear from you get in touch with with us on any of all online platforms tweet us at a.j. english or on facebook dot com slash a.j. news grid you can also send us a whatsapp message at plus nine seven four five zero one one four nine
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and as always use the hash tag a.j. newsgroup. will be here with the sport shortly and she'll be looking at whether england's under seventeen world cup success confronts an upturn in fortunes for the senior national team.
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well again let's find out what people are talking about in sport today has far hasn't thank you so much the english premier league is the most lucrative and most watched football league in the world but for decades in the national team has underachieved this however could be about to change england's under seventeen team has just returned home having won a world cup for their age group in india follows a year of unprecedented success for england at junior level but will any of these players get a chance to play at a league club level and is there a systematic problem with how the english league is run here's a reminder of what kind of year england have had england beat venezuela to land the under twenty world cup in june ending the country's fifty one year wait to win
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a global football tournaments the following month they won the under nineteen european championship beating portugal in the final and to cap things off success at the under seventeen world cup in india has given england another world title to the three of us and if. you think it's like that in the twenty's when the oracle late ninety's when your this we've obviously. got a few to the so. the game sort of a similar experience as you go obviously in india we've experienced probably shoot outs that internal flights was a really tough group tough opposition in the not go so we really experienced it all over the last three months of the euros as well so yeah it's all part of the long term journey of these boys are just you know really good place now to kick around for the next bit. well despite the success the country has had at junior level the senior team will be heading into next year's world cup with outsiders joining us now to discuss this further is matthew white house he's
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a coach and author of the book the way forward solutions to england's football failing and he joins me now live from sheffield and are things changing for the better in english football do you think absolutely i mean just this summer you can see how well the england teams have done the players are as good as they've ever been think of that coach recently said that this is the best crop of players in the world at this age group so you can see the work that's been done the last decade in the academies and recently the f.a. has really made a massive impact on our young players and i young teams the key now is for that success to go into the national team at the senior level and for us to start within trophies at the top level that. well how likely is it that a player who is good at sixteen goes on to be a top player at senior level it's not completely likely obviously the some players who do really well at younger ages and don't make that step but there are players such as hurricane who are really a factor
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a younger age and all of a sudden then emerge on the scene and become one of the best players in the world so that pathway is an guaranteed but what we can see the players of one of the in the seventy's particularly is a real strong group of players the key now is for those players to get off the train is to play senior football i think they're ready i think they should get the opportunity to do that and i think there are clubs that if they're given the right back and they can become excellent players if you look at what barcelona did with their young players and see the success that they had in the last decade you can see how important it is for young players to come for the top clubs and get the experience as an opportunity and evidence of progress with quality players around them. ok let's talk a bit about the idea of a quota system for english players in the premier league do you support the idea of one. i think it's important based on the fact that the so few players playing however i don't see it being realistic if you compare it to the german national team or the german league they work together the clubs and the f.a. in order to kind of embrace young players the english premier league unfortunately is a little bit more owned by people who want exactly english so they're going to look
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for the best players more so than producing young players also the money in the league doesn't really need you to bring young players through so there is a big problem there because what we have that is young players with the potential to play and the quality to play on get the opportunity is so they need to go to have a league of the top leagues so it's a progress you look at young players who come through the league in the belgian league and then progress into the top leagues maybe our young players need to do more of that but i think import far from elites we embrace the young players we've got and success on the international stage like we see in the summer it really will force clubs in order to use these players they clearly are quality players there's no excuses with that now so i think it's important those players now given the chances in order to progress in the first team level ok great chatting to you very interesting matthew white house thank you so much for your time thank you cheers. now before we go here's something that will help you get excited about next year's winter games the olympic torch has been officially handed over to the young chang organizing committee in the greek capital of athens where the ancient games began
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south korean organizers are still struggling though to sell take it only thirty percent have been sold so far the opening ceremonies begin on a february the night looking forward to that as always we'd like to hear from you send us your views by using the hash tag a g. news grade or tweet me directly add after score is smile i'll be back with more of eight hundred g.m.t. but for now i'll hand you back to hasn't. great stuff we'll see you then thanks before we go we've got a comment here from mahmoud do or who says good news six months ceasefire in deescalation zone it will reduce attacks and deaths of innocents we're talking of course about earlier story in syria reacting to those talks in a stana mamadou also reacted to the inquiry into russia's alleged meddling in last year's election he says washington is in a very critical situation it appears dark clouds overcast around washington but it
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is too early to make any comments keep all of your comments. online coming remember keep in touch with us on social media the hash tag as ever is a.j. news grid all the other ways to connect right here on our facebook messenger pod is up at all hours ready to chat whenever us we'll see you back here super fourteen fifteen hundred on wednesday. the they . like the book at it or is it alison where they're on line we were in hurricane winds for almost like thirty six
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hours these are the things that you u.p.a. has to address or if you join us on sat i'm a member because one but we've got a relationship this is a dialogue tweet us with hash tag eight a stream and one of your pitches might make them actually join the colobus conversation at this time on al-jazeera the street is quiet the signal is given gang members aren't out yet so it's safe to walk to school. last year there are more than thirty in this community in one month the police say this area is a red zone one of several in some townships. children sometimes caught in the crossfire when rival gangs fight so parents and grandparents have started what they call a walking us to try to take the. i lost my. go i also lost my but there are more than one hundred fifty volunteers working for several working buses teachers say it is working class it in it has improved the
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volunteers also act as security guards. subzero temperatures extreme altitudes. this is where the hard part because of the extraordinary journey. to tajikistan braved. to high up there's no oxygen. just are experiencing life simple pleasures. risking it all in kurdistan of this time on al-jazeera. meeting at the media that oppose leader of catalonia turns up in brussels to break his silence.

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