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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  November 17, 2017 2:00am-3:01am +03

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president hosni mubarak has resigned. is going to be the next president retaliation we're going to go. back she's standing canisters of gas something that best to prevent getting anyone to skeptical that. he achieved something that never happened before. we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring you the news and current events that matter to al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera.
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and i'm richelle carey this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes. but rather that it's not been adopted all into a negative build of a permanent member of the security council. not initialize a russian veto signals the end of an investigation into the use of chemical weapons in syria. in the interest of the people of zimbabwe. mr robert mugabe in my city zine. president is refusing calls to step down military leaders say it's the only way to ensure a bloodless transition. friend says lebanon's prime minister is due there in a few days but whether he's free to travel or even still in office that's not clear also. this is about giving hard working taxpayers bigger paychecks more take home pay is giving those families who are struggling peace of mind. and the u.s.
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house approves the first major tax overhaul in three decades question donald trump closer to what would be his first big victory while in office. and an evening of high drama at the united nations russia and the united states. veto competing resolutions on syria the key resolution was the u.s. one it sought to extend an international inquiry into the use of chemical weapons in syria so it means the united nations team investigating the use of deadly sarin gas in syria will be disbanded the veto sparked intense criticism of moscow's position from france the united kingdom and the u.s. russia has issued vetoes before to prevent council action and accountability in syria russia has invented reasons not to support a mechanism that helped create because it did not like its scientific conclusions
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russia has acted to obstruct these investigations many times but today it strikes a deep blow russia has killed the joint investigative mechanism which has overwhelming support of this council and by a lemonade in our ability to identify the attackers russia has undermined our ability to deter future attacks assad and isis will no longer be on notice for the use of chemical weapons by russia's actions today last month inquiry found the syrian government response will for the april chemical weapons attack in conscious at least eighty people died that day many of them children russia and syria rejected the investigations findings at the security council meeting moscow presented its own draft resolution it would have changed the methodology used to gather and assess evidence it was not adopted by the council. it is. the mosque the endless distortion of the chemical weapons stored in damascus these
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weapons were indeed withdrawn and destroyed under the o.p.c. w.'s oversight these a stokley reminiscent of the situation around iraq nearly fifteen years ago a united states representatives at the time deliberately misled the international community including the security council in doing so they set the stage for intervention which on least unspeakable tragedy on both iraq and the whole region our diplomatic editor james pace has been watching these developments at the united nations he joins us now james this the issue of the use of chemical weapons in syria something that the international community has been grappling with for some time how to deal with it specifically the u.n. the security council has been grappling with this all came to a head today. absolutely this is an issue that the security council has been looking at for a long time remember they had a whole plan to remove chemical weapons in syria that was worked on by the u.s.
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and russia then when they were used again it was the u.s. and russia who created this joint investigative mechanism now that the u.s. and russia have come up with rival competing drafts both of them have failed in the security council the deadline to continue that joint investigative mechanism is just a few hours away midnight new york time so it looks like the body that is tasked with finding out who's carrying out the chemical attacks is now going to wither and die and this indicates haleigh to nikki haley's point because of that she's saying that nobody is scared anymore there is no accountability that the people that have been doing this have no reason to stop doing this and she also said james that it is still currently going on is she right that there is now nobody no one to keep it to keep the people that would carry this out in check. well if
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the joint investigative mechanism ends and it's supposed to end in a couple of hours there's a little bit of discussion behind the scenes about maybe whether there's a few more hours more and when do you actually interpret the deadline could they possibly do something in the next few hours and have another meeting taking place on friday here in new york certainly some council members would like that but it seemed there was a lot of finale t in the words of ambassador haley when she spoke about this what you'll be left with is one other mission that was put in place before the joint investigative mission which is called a fact finding mission of the o.p.c. w that's the body that deals with chemical weapons that's based in the hague the problem with that organization in that particular team is that they can investigate the use of chemical weapons and say what they think happened but they don't have the power to say who did it this joint investigative mechanism have the power to
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look at it all and point the finger and say who they thought was responsible and certainly the u.s. the u.k. france and other allies of the u.s. on the security council say that's why they believe russia ultimately worked to try and destroy this mechanism because the finger was being pointed and four times they had concluded that the chemical weapons attacks were done by the assad regime and thus the holy did also talk about one other option which has got nothing to do with the u.n. security council and global diplomacy because it's a very different option she again mentioned what happened in april the trouble ministration strikes on that airfield in syria to punish the use of chemical weapons and she said the syrian government the assad regime needed to be on notice that the u.s. government was apparent to act again if necessary militarily ok as live press upon that emotions came spanx. russia's president vladimir putin will host the leaders
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of turkey and iran in sochi next week for talks on syria they will discuss finding a political solution to the civil war but those inside syria are skeptical about the chances of any diplomatic breakthrough some avenge of a report from gaza and turkey near the border with syria. more syrian soldiers and militia fighters from iran backed groups in syria and iraq have arrived and. it's been a week since the syrian government scheme that it took isis last stronghold since then isis has launched dozens of attacks and its fighters hiding in tunnels inside the city managed to take back most of the town on the syria iraq border. assad's forces have also come under attack by opposition fighters in the suburbs of the capital damascus this is one of the largest military barracks belonging to the syrian regime in eastern since january it has exchanged hands several times.
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but the rebel small gains are no match for the government's air superiority fighter jets have continued to target opposition areas. raise the b.s. collation if that's what is called the planes didn't spare any neighborhood more than sixty people injured here the hospitals are full of civilians dying because of the lack of medicine as government forces gain ground against rebels are nice and they renewed their calls for u.s. soldiers to leave the statement from syria's foreign office came a day after u.s. secretary of state quote walking away from syria this white in attacks comes as world leaders agreed to reduce the number of civilian casualties but inside syria people say that another security council meeting with continued to fail to prevent attacks. earlier this year the world reacted in almost unanimous condemnation to the images of suffocating children the u.n. found the assad regime responsible for the chemical attack in qana which killed dozens of people the government denied responsibility and russia questions about
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the attack itself written foreign secretary accused russia for consistently choosing to cover up for the sun as the mandate for the un joint investigative mechanism expires the u.s. and russia are presenting rival bids for how to investigate future chemical attacks russia has so far vetoed nine resolutions on syria and more than six years into this war world leaders are still making statements as attacks against civilians continue with impunity some of the job it out of their. robert mugabe is refusing to stand down as president despite being confined to his home by the military delegation from south africa's in the capital harare trying to reach a deal on his and the country's future holding talks with members of the army president mugabe's family and his party with a catholic priest acting as the mediator the military says it wants mugabe to stand down so there can be a smooth employed list transition the army chief backs the former vice president
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emerson. who was sacked last week he could then take over as interim president now amid the political and economic uncertainty opposition leader morgan tsvangirai has returned to the capital after receiving cancer treatment overseas. reports from harare one less of african delegation and the catholic church media and president robert mugabe some of his main opposition leader morgan tsvangirai see it is only one way out of the political crisis in the interest of the people of zimbabwe used to robert mugabe in my city. step down immediately with the national sentiment and expectation degree of god's will for his legacy and contribution to zimbabwe. the army seize control on wednesday and can find the ninety three year old whose private residence in harare some sources there still insists he is the country's only legitimate leader soldiers in armored vehicles are
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guarding government offices but harare is calm and quiet civil servants have gone back to work shops and businesses have opened official word of what exactly is happening doesn't come off and people have to lie and social media and speculation which sometimes cause panic wasn't his way to hear the news of the meeting between the army president robert mugabe and the south african delegation getting on with their lives but his calls for the president to step down grow louder zimbabweans are talking about a post era and they say several scenarios could play out the readings on the pier party could recall mugabe his annual conference next month that means he'll no longer be leader of the party and head of state they could be a transitional unity government with all political parties including zanu p.f. war veterans who helped in power for nearly forty years planned to have a rally on saturday to prepare for the future but for now the military insists this was not a coup it is robert mugabe is still the head of state and commander in chief.
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was chief advisor to morgan tsvangirai when he was prime minister it has mugabe will not step aside without first protection for his allies. he's been one of the most deceptive villian figures you know politics is very hard to tell what he's thinking and ways going there's lots of information some of it is quite frankly speculation and doesn't really give the true picture of what's going on behind the sins i don't think that we've got to who agreed to leave zimbabwe i think you would want to stay in the country one to be able to continue with his life i also think that he would want to secure some guarantees for. the people who are working with his wife who are detained and are those who may be threatened i think that you try to secure some positions and also it's also a question of protecting him so from those who are coming in as leaders he may not
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be comfortable with some of the figures that are being proposed he may have other people in mind and he knows that in the moment he also holds a bit of a trump card and he will try and use that because if the generals and booty to to fire him and take falls which they know it's very difficult because of the illegality of it you can make continue to hold on to that the u.n. says at least a million children in yemen are at risk of contracting diphtheria because urgently needed vaccines are being blocked from entering the country the heads of three u.n. agencies have pleaded with the saudi led coalition to fully lift its blockade they say there's also the risk of a renewed flare up of cholera which is infected nine hundred thousand new many's in the past six months on it i was in djibouti were aid agencies are still waiting to ship urgently needed deliveries to yemen. frustration is growing with in the aid community based here in djibouti they have been unable to deliver a much needed aid to yemen for more than ten days now they say the ships are ready
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lauded with much needed medical supplies for their color a response as well as food needed by malnourished children in yemen but they have not gotten the go ahead from the coalition led by so dariya to walk into the port of the day that which they say is where they've been delivering aid ever since the human humanitarian response began so far they have been warmly able to take stuff about seventy of them working for the united nations and other international organizations to the port of other than now they say the coalition has allowed them to dock into the port of other alone and they say that is not logistically. possible for them because much of the aid is supposed to be delivered to the north and part of yemen and they say they that is the ideal port for them and that
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landing the aid in other than will only force them to go through just to go challenges including passing through land being held by tribal militias and they say anything could happen i mean our distractor of u.n.h.c.r. is middle east and north africa piro says the humanitarian message is very clear. it's a tragedy of time almost twenty one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance of course there are various degrees of assistance and needs but some of them are really facing. horrible times hunger diseases. starvation for some of them. mobility freedom of movement. no income no access to health services they're facing a big demick so we've seen the cholera outbreak there are there in danger of the fear and other diseases if vaccines do not reach people and if they don't have access to the medical service adequate one we see these children are walking
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skeletons that shouldn't have been in our time today. claymore head in the news hour. changing in the middle east a senior israeli general talks about. what saudi arabia. hearting what's being described as the death of democracy and makes a move to become a european leading man. the french foreign minister says lebanon's prime minister saad hariri will visit france in the coming days earlier this week lebanon's president said hariri was being detained and saudi arabia senses shock resignation almost two weeks ago now. allegations from beirut. it was a confusing picture for nearly two weeks the fate of saddam was open to question
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many in lebanon including the president michel and accused saudi arabia of forcing the prime minister to resign as well as holding him and his family hostage accusations rejected by saudi officials the french government weighed in in what some are calling a face saving deal the french president. invited harvey and his family to visit paris his foreign minister who held talks in riyadh confirmed that the invitation was accepted the crisis began one hundred eighty announced his sudden resignation earlier this month it was seen as a saudi move against iran's ally in lebanon hezbollah. collective efforts must be made to restore things as they were before the resignation of prime minister saad hariri last year there was a rare deal between saudi arabia and iran to keep lebanon stable and shielded from crises across the region they agreed to appoint michel aoun as president and choice
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of saddam had eighty as prime minister. that is no longer the case saudi arabia has taken a more aggressive stance against what it sees is growing iranian influence. the crisis in lebanon is caused by hizbullah that hijacked the state and imposed on the country if hezbollah continues its current policy it would make lebanon vulnerable lebanon has been caught up in proxy wars in the past it is easy to exploit the deep divisions between its political camps we cannot afford more pressures we cannot afford more interferences from anybody whether from the or from iran. it's not clear if his resignation but lebanon's president michel aoun said he will wait for the prime minister to return to beirut to decide the next step with regards to the government french mediation may have ended the
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diplomatic turmoil over fate but the crisis is far from over if it's on resigning it will be hard to find a candidate accepted by all sides to replace him and the ongoing rivalry between iran and saudi arabia could cause more instability here. lebanese from across the political divide had one message to saudi arabia we want our prime minister back it seems he is now coming back but what happens next will test if the unity will be short lived. beirut. israel says that it's prepared to cooperate with saudi arabia and face down what they say is iran's plan to control the middle east israel's military chief says in an interview with an arabic online newspaper that it's ready to share intelligence information with saudi arabia so they both need to stand up to iran this comes as tension between tehran and riyadh increases just a visiting scholar in the middle east program at the carnegie endowment for
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international peace he joins us from washington d.c. and we appreciate your time. how would this relationship work. look it's been no secret the last two years have seen repeated an increased. high level. visit truck to contacts between the israeli intelligence and israeli. counterparts mainly saudis and emirati is the talks were so far mainly political and strategic about the region many syria iraq of course iran and lebanon hezbollah but it seems that these talks have translated into some concrete if not military at least intelligence cooperation and coordination between the two parts which is something that is easy to understand from the analytical point of view which is surprising from the political point of
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view and mainly from the announcement. today came from general god isn't god who is the highest ranking military. of the army in israel his doctrine of national security in israel he's a serious guy so what he says or what he said has to be taken very seriously and this is i think a sign of what's coming in the region not only in lebanon who needs home out of days too. look both needs each other both need each other and very strongly of course israel needs a kind of cover from arab sunni states in the arab sunni states that has their way and their say in arab affairs like saudi arabia and the emirates in order not to be in the frontal line of confrontation and the gulf is need to know how they need the intelligence they need maybe at one point military and security backup they need
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also the channel with the us that israel can. get them that's always a very transactional relation sorry i said what israel give them any military backup that's a that's a big if i think i think i think that the military is not on the table but between military and nothing you have a range of things you have. intelligence information which is part of military you have bought our military support which is electronic surveillance. on the ground underneath our training maybe equipment and and you have some whole range of technical coverage that is badly needed by the gulf states mainly if the theater of confrontation will be lebanon because geographically these countries don't have access to the lebanese territory israel is a neighboring country to lebanon jordan is another one and it has excellent
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security intelligence ties with israel so we can easily see if you want the bridging points of that relation that are today more and more gathering and the landscape is becoming clearer that in the coming confrontation probably the gulf is will be at the forefront doing things that remain to be seen and israel probably providing some strategizing and probably some intelligence. just of what could go wrong and i mean that as we said the landscape at the middle east is changing broader than that herky has good relations with iran things are shifting what could go wrong. what could go wrong is many things first of all this kind of proxy warfare i wouldn't say a proxy war it's proxy guerilla militia warfare or intelligence undercover work
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can go sour and backlash against the party that initiates the other party is able to quell it the second thing that can go wrong is that if it's not done at the proper level in lebanon given the strength of hezbollah on the lebanese. it could undergo a kind of preemptive strike and seize over the country and put everything on there its control of course it will confront a huge and a very powerful range of enemies abroad and probably pressures but in the meantime the lebanese would have a very high price lebanon could become one of the countries that joined in stable countries in the region with security incidents security tension troubles and confrontation like what's happening in yemen maybe in syria and elsewhere so the risk is that we could be adding another country in the sights of countries that are
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today unstable and destabilizing the middle east all right. thank you very much for your insight on this we appreciate it. my pleasure thank you al jazeera continues to demand the release of a channel a smart move to saying who's been an egyptian president for almost eleven months they say in his case are broadcasting false news to spread chaos which a an al jazeera strongly deny here should paid only complained of mistreatment in jail the same was arrested in december and december twentieth while visiting his family. cambodia supreme court has does all the main opposition party given the prime minister hun sen's ruling party a clear run in next year's election the government says the cambodian national rescue party was plying to take charge with help from the united states robin private ports. the decision came after a day of deliberations held him a tight security around cambodia supreme court the cambodian national rescue party
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had been expecting its dissolution and had already ceased to function with many of its senior members in hiding already exile like its vice president. we look at. this is new to. the international community yet you still stand is. who wants to how prime minister hun sen has accused his rivals of plotting to overthrow his government after the arrest of opposition leader kim soccer the national rescue party denied the claim accusing the ruling party of using the courts to silence it it nearly won against the government at the last election and has been gaining in popularity look at what in politics is a zero sum game is a winner takes all politics and is. is risky to lose.
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human rights groups have accused one send of a wider crackdown one of the leading newspapers the cambodia daily was closed in september the government says for nonpayment of taxes and there have been restrictions on the activities of foreign n.g.o.s the opposition has promised to fight on regardless it can continue to exist and it is in. everyone in cambodia it can go. inside and outside it was a movement for change in vibrant with this court's decision prime minister hun sen removes in one stroke his biggest obstacle in next year's election he will still face opposition but there will likely be from smaller parties unable to war going to rise themselves in time to unseat him and his premiership that has lasted for three decades is set to continue bride al-jazeera and and amp. well ahead on
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al-jazeera the u.s. decision to pull out of the paris climate deal spurred other nations want action. as now dealing with an issue countries worldwide are facing how to stop the region and thinking autonomy i don't support russia's hopes of participating in next year's winter when it's are dealt another blow. and i was more snow on the way but it's still making much penetration further south at least in the plains states and through the midwest whereas in the mountains to the west right down to colorado that cloud will bring out the rain or snow at heights not a huge amount but it's a steady steady amount she can see of the next twenty four hours or so and then for more or less the north of illinois through the great lakes and up into ontario snow
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seems to be quite prevalent now and has touched chicago the given the forecast max of nine here nation toronto this is more like to be rain or snow occasionally and then it melts very rapidly so this is nice and warm in two thousand twenty three were in the teens the new york and washington the plain states jim's been here in the sunshine denver is not warm at six degrees but the pacific coast by the time we get to saturday has gone back to sunshine only fifteen in san francisco but the sun is shining now to the south as big area of no cloud and then an obvious line here the one that goes through haiti it's just miss jamaica go down towards panama and costa rica it's a good lot of rain recently if anything is edging study away from panama towards north and colombia and venezuela and then an obvious sign takes you again through haiti where rain has been steadily falling.
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violence and discrimination are all too familiar to many women in india a reality too often reinforced by bollywood. but its leading star is throwing his weight behind the cause. somebody to their duty and using his celebrity to advocate for gender equality. the snake charmers ahmed khan witness at this time on i'm just me to. meet. our jazeera and. where every.
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with. crushing al jazeera let's recap the top stories this hour russia has vetoed a u.s. led attempt to extend an international inquiry into the use of chemical weapons in syria it means the united nations chain investigating the use of deadly sarin gas in syria will be disbanded robert mugabe is resisting calls to stand down as a place president despite being confined to his home by the military a delegation from south africa in the capital harare trying to reach a deal on his and the country's future. cambodia supreme court has all the main opposition party giving prime minister and sends ruling party
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a clear run next year's general election the government accuses the cambodian national rescue party of plotting to take charge with help from the united states. as president hollande trump is a step closer to his first major legislative victory the house of representatives has passed its flagship tax reform bill but it still needs to get through the senate complete halcomb reports from washington d.c. . he campaigned on winning tax breaks for ordinary americans but after nearly ten months in office donald trump has yet to score legislative victory that's going really well thank you very much so the u.s. president went to capitol hill to drum up support for his controversy tax reform legislation in their bones the american people know they're getting a raw deal under the republican bill before passing this bill is the single biggest thing we can do to grade the economy jurist or offered. thirty and help
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these middle income families who are struggling on this vote the answer to twenty seven the night. and while the bill passed easily in the house of representatives it still has to pass in the senate to become law and that will be a challenge that's because tucked into the senate version of the legislation is a plan to end something called the individual mandate or the requirement under the affordable care act that all americans must buy health insurance or pay a tax fine without healthy people being forced to buy insurance sick people who often can't afford it pay a larger share of the cost people who benefit from government subsidized health care are worried eunice hagler is partially blind as a result of a tumor that wasn't treated in time because she couldn't afford proper health care now she does have government help it's a matter of life what do. you know it's it's not a maybe it's not ok well we can wait we can't wait. people will literally.
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hear a patient health care isn't what's driving these changes it's politics the few days left in the legislative calendar and after nearly ten months in office this may be donald trump's last hope of delivering tax reform and dismantling obamacare allowing him to keep a campaign promise can really help get al-jazeera washington. eric levitz is the associate editor at new york magazine's daily intense intelligence or he joins us from new york via skype we appreciate your time very much so. looking at the number system hacks bill proposed tax bill reduces the corporate tax rate from thirty five to twenty percent also it just the estate tax you don't pay until you get to eleven million dollars dollars campaigned as a populist how does he reconcile those types of tax cuts with people who supported him are partly so
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a significant portion of the people who supported him yeah i mean it's really fascinating what is going on with her look in party right now so they took power in the first thing that republicans did was try to pass a health care bill that would have hurt a wide swath of the country but to simply would have been really poor elderly people in rural areas because of the nature of the way that it made its health care cuts so a key part of the republican base now with this bill actually a lot of provisions of it eliminate deductions that are used heavily by upper middle class people which is another significant part of the republican base so the republicans in both these bills are really putting their donor classes interests above everything else and i think the theory for trump is that you know you can sort of let the masses in caprona these culture work grievances about the n.f.l. about undocumented immigrants that you can feed them this sort of rhetoric and that will kind of satisfy them it is true there are some tax cuts in the bill that we
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can we can talk about that will what i think it parallel says most americans are actually going to pay the same or lower taxes but only until twenty twenty three and the word there i said is most not all so there is something in there for for everybody is that a fair characterization. i would say that's a fair characterization if you assume that the current level of debt the country has a sustainable and that this is never going to result in any cuts to programs that working people depend on but there's little reason to believe that that's the case considering that again republicans when they weren't working on this it spent most of their time in office trying to cut programs that working people depend on for health care for education on the rationale that the debt is too high so once you factor it out in the really is not much on the table europe or middle income people especially when you consider the secondary effects of concentrating wealth at the top is the defining thing that this bill does is redistribute income to the very
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top of the ladder and specifically to owners of capital it actually makes it so that people who own wealth who make their money by just owning wellstone in stocks will do better than people even millionaires who work for a living and there's real dangerous things that can happen when you do that as far as you know. symbolically being able to really hold a lot of power in society and our politics your campaign to make it so this is a long way from from being a done deal right end seps legislation as we started off talking about the health care bill you know it died in the senate so this still has a long way to go do you see the senate having big differences big issues with with this when they receive it so that the big caveat with the house passing this bill today the senate bill is like very very different and it needs to be different because complicated budget rules basically. with
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a number of votes that republicans out in the senate right now they cannot pass a tax bill that increases the deficit ten years after it's passed the house doesn't have that restriction and so the house bill is much more expensive than the senate bill is and the senate. complies with these budget rules by canceling the individual mandate which actually saves the government money you throw people are healthier that's. money that's why they're doing that but they also do it by ending all of the tax cuts that benefit middle class people in the senate bill and in two thousand and twenty six and at that point actually because the elimination of deductions are permanent in the corporate tax cut or permanent after twenty twenty six the senate bill turns into a plan for raising taxes on about seventy percent of americans to find a giant corporate tax cut the theory that republicans are working on is that in twenty twenty six even if democrats are in power the middle class tax cuts are going to be renewed because no one's going to let this middle class tax i go into effect but as written there is
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a plan to raise taxes on the middle class in ten years in order to fund a giant tax cut for corporations and owners of stocks ok eric levitz thank you so much for helping us distill all this we appreciate it so. there is much more much speculation rather before the start of the latest climate conference in germany that the promise us pull out of the paris agreement made to real the process but in fact it appears to have galvanized efforts to lessen the effects of global warming that clark reports from. the feelings about president trump's valve's withdrawal from the paris agreement has been met with predictable school here in bone but on thursday the president's representative said the window may still be open for us in gates went down the line. president has made clear the u.s. position with respect to the paris agreement although he indicated that the united states intends to withdraw at the earliest opportunity we remain open to the
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possibility of rejoining at a later date under terms more favorable to the american people the u.s. pullout is wholly opposed by a burgeoning group of american manners and state governors who came to. paris agreement together they represent six point two trillion dollars of the u.s. economy climate change we've seen the impacts this year in the united states we have category five hurricane hitting the floors in california we have truly horrific fires these are symptoms of climate change there's no avoiding them that's the science and so eventually the united states hopefully sooner rather than later is going to be back in the process it's clear the challenges are immense for all nations of the world but this go to loan us effort was invigorated on thursday by the u.k. canada global alliance to phase out coal some see it as
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a rebuke to donald trump and what to do he's too close as you can canada is busy going to telling him that we have. very. little energy and it's something that belongs to the ignorant. as a symbol to the fijian presidency the traditional double. has pride of place over the top the point being that when it comes to climate change we're all in the same boat at the same time there's a gathering force in the fight against global warming and that's a younger generation. that's i mean this is our fourth enough to revolution over the most exciting to time to be alive for me this is like you know it's going to go down in history books as a time when we shifted away from fossil fuels onto more sustainable solutions and i want to be a part of that. begins in other nations will celebrated approach like that making opportunity of the crisis that is climate change may not suit the white house but
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around the world it seems it is a concept it's gaining momentum. al-jazeera told him the chalange will be going to the polls to choose a new president next sunday one of the key issues was the increasing attacks by the injured and did in this welfare chase who want to take back their ancestral land and game more autonomy newman has more from the region there. a region of south central chile looks peaceful enough until you see these bullet holes and the graffiti claiming these rural lands as autonomous territory of the native people a little up at ice shows some of the more than sixty timber transport trucks recently burned by armed men wanting to expel large forestry companies from what they consider and subtle in my approach a land. that. these people are criminals they're using them
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approach a cause to legitimize themselves and commit acts of terrorism. is centuries old conflict is accelerating with armed groups burning farmhouses trucks forests and even churches especially in this election year. my pussy leader fidel did and i mean he was one of eight men accused of taking part in the arson attacks he was released from prison a few weeks ago for lack of evidence but makes no apologies for the violence. i think all the different types of struggle are valid because it's legitimate to fight to recover and land in our liberation as a people we were here as a nation before chile existed. chile's state has been gradually buying land to return to the my pooches under a law that is proven and satisfactory for all involved special forces police squads to a farmhouse under twenty four hour protection seventy six year old schooled and his wife for senda say they can't leave the perimeter of it without the special gear.
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and despite constant attacks they say they can't sell the property because the state won't pay them enough to buy elsewhere. is this a way to live there's no justice for us but them up which is are supposedly the victims what about us i mean we human. the government's response has been to apply an antiterrorism law this is one of the bullet holes from the latest attack against the basque orders home which entered their bedroom chillies controversial antiterrorism law was created by this country's former military dictatorship to persecute those who wanted to overthrow the regime but the big question is should that law be used today to address the violence taking place in southern china. international human rights organizations condemn it as abusive others as ineffective because it makes convictions more difficult to obtain. he
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said he looked at the laugh spent nineteen months under preventive detention accused of setting fire to a farmhouse in which a chilean couple was burned alive. he intend other map which in leaders have just been acquitted. it's a full of i mean without labeling us terrorists it is this is rather due to get us out of circulation because it allowed them to get out of the way for example for more than two years. but got to laugh says he won't be intimidated he represents a new golden generation of my political leaders demanding the recovery of ancestral lands and regional autonomy a situation some likened to the catalonia conflict and a controversy that should he says next government cannot afford to keep ignoring you see in human in the region chile last year is most impressive buildings in the world are being showcased and berlin the world architecture
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festival brings together more than twenty five hundred leading architects with hundreds of enervate of projects on display your faces compete alongside some of the most respected names in the field with the overall winner set to be announced on friday. reports on what's guiding their designs. from re housing earthquake survivors to educating a community architecture has the power to transform lives here at the world architecture festival in berlin it's clear the desire for social equality is implementing design decisions seen here in design more as presentation of shelter on the edge a reimagining of a refugee camp for syrians fleeing conflict made of wood is designed to be built by its inhabitants and can grow like a community to somebody it's like it wasn't consult with the basic human need what you need and especially the floor plans it's it's a very small it's like you know it's a bit more under the flexible and slower for the brick each building tells
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a story the palestinian museum in the occupied west bank has already won an award for its clean lines and cascade of terraces which represent the diversity of cultures there's also the affordable student housing in copenhagen using shipping containers and otherwise on usable space to create floating apartments i think what we're trying to do is architects is to build the future way of living working. we feel that a lot of places in cities today were actually designed for how life was lived two hundred years ago this building in central violin was sort of for the housing category but it's actually multi-functional it's got offices on the top restaurant and shops and generates its own electricity with solar panels on the roof and a geothermal system supplies it with heating and air conditioning in a recent survey architects said that climate change and energy would be the most important issues influencing their profession over the next ten years the festival
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is an opportunity for architects to question and learn from each other and be judged by a panel of their peers a unique opportunity to the organizers so many different architects something different parts of the world approach. the sign can and do but in completely different ways because of how to live it fielding criticism and what's always fascinating is to compare and contrast how different designs of what a vest with the same problem come up with amazingly and of incentives and an. unusual set of architecture can define the way we live our lives even lift the human spirit just like this when installation in london called smile. but in so had on al-jazeera sports roger federer aims to maintain his perfect started tennis a season ending event. time
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for a sport by the end of. thank you very much well after eight hundred seventy two qualifying matches the lineup for next year's world cup in russia is finally complete peru securing the final spot it's the first. american. you know in the playoff when the country to declare a national holiday. mariana sanchez was in the thick of things in.
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these. to celebrate this story between. the world cup. people were waiting for this day for many many years. and a world cup. very happy to.
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hear. the world. well let's have a look at the countries that will be at those finals from an asian region you have japan and south korea. who are into their fourth straight world cup even further west iran and saudi arabia with the other two teams to qualify automatically. of course didn't have to go through. qualification from europe defending champions germany puts their tickets alongside big list coming up have belgium france european champions portugal sweden croatia switzerland denmark iceland serbia england poland and spain africa egypt are making a return for the first time since one thousand nine hundred ninety that joined by morocco nigeria senegal and tunisia mexico of costa rica and panama advance from north and central america the usa didn't make it and from south america brazil
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europe quite argentina colombia and peru will all be in russia or no south american teams won the world cup in europe since brazil took the title in sweden back in one thousand nine hundred fifty eight i spoke to the football writer about the continent's chances in russia next year if there is one team that can do it as a team that won it in one thousand. as far as this region is concerned is head and shoulders above the rest and you can start saying that they are one of the three teams alongside germany and spain that are the heavy favorites to be able to look at the trophy once again to meet that is probably those three are proud to be the ones that reach out but if you ask me about south america or the americas in general it starts and ends with brazil argentina might come and that all depends on how or and his team are able to get things together but i'm not sure about that to me brazil essential about the us twenty twenty two world cup house cats are say
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saudi arabia the united arab emirates and bahrain have withdrawn from next month's gulf cup which is due to be held in council the country is the subject of a blockade from the three countries amid a ongoing political crisis eight teams normally take part in the events and cats are said they may still stage a small scale torrents. roger federer has been saying is one hundred percent record of the season ending a.t.p. finals in london the six time champion that's come from the set downs beat marin chile which is his third straight win the next in the us for the other dominant team all that he got friend i play on friday. for the world anti-doping agency says russia is still not complying with its code olympic bosses will decide in december if russia can compete at next year's winter games allegations of state sponsored doping were made in an independent report commissioned by the anti doping body last year russian authorities reject the claims the agreed to road map
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for compliance of four of the russian known to dropping agency has been fulfilled in many ways but that was due to issues which remain unfulfilled and on that basis . the. situation of compliance was renewed the rosado is still not complying well our moscow correspondent roy challen says time is running out for russia's olympic hopefuls. basically what we have though is a position where russia's athletes are now in a bind they're in a very unfortunate situation why there is saying that they will not declare restart a compliance until russia says that yes it did partake in a state sponsored doping operation russia at the moment is completely are not willing to do that so there is a deadlock and yes this is casting
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a shadow over russian sports as you said we have a decision next month from the i.o.c. and the paralympic committee about whether russian athletes will be allowed to partake in the winter olympics next year it's an i.o.c. decision not water decision but what water has recommended or decided will filter into that so we could be in a position next year when russian athletes are not competing justin rose has made a big move in the race to finish as the season's top player on the european tour he's just one shot off the lead at the final event of the year in dubai second in the european rankings needs a top five finish to have a chance of overhauling fellow englishman tommy fleetwood he's on six hundred par with reid leading the way on seven under liquid needs to equal better at rose's finishing position to ensure he remains as europe's leading man not enough of this from him he's struggling on one over par. conscious to have wonder make bag on
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the weekends the last two times but that's not really a recipe that you want to continue to follow because it's very hard to come back and win from those sorts of margins back so i was very cognizant today of going after a strong start if i finish level power in the park it fell yet decent day really after a really bad start got it back in and you can still move forward so it's. one shot feels like a lot. but you never know. something good and say we are. looking for. that it's all for the news hour here on al-jazeera but don't go anywhere there's much more news on the other side of the break.
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it's the end of the breeding season as we take a ferry through the straits of magellan to magdalen island today the island is a penguin colony sanctuary with access to tourists accompanied by foot nine percent penguin expert cloudier globally we learned the penguin colonies in south america are under threat climate change is one reason it is well documented that changing
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rain patterns or spend was to abandon flooded nests warmer ocean temperatures have diminished the quantity and quality of fish for the penguins who was swim further and further away to feed their young overfishing and ocean contamination especially plastic also killing penguins sun blessed beaches breathtaking scenery but there's another reason that draws people to cyprus it's not always easy for mixed faith couples to marry in the middle east and that's why the mediterranean island has become an ideal destination for couples and love to have a civil marriage out jazeera world looks at what happens when romance cuts across religious lines cyprus island a forbidden love a fist time on al-jazeera. the
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drug of the new show as not being adopted into a negative role.


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