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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  November 19, 2017 7:00pm-7:34pm +03

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award winning documentaries and live news on air and online one day feel cast for a rival to the country club and they decide to play god. and if you didn't cast just said to show you right shade if we could. birds of cubans of ours in this magnificent. a chronicle of the revolution and its aspirations through the prism of its architecture cuba's unfinished space at this time on al-jazeera. scenes of utter jubilation as robert mugabe's downing p.f.
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party sack him as leader officials have set him a deadline to resign as president or face impeachment. or that i've received already watching al-jazeera live from london also coming up our foreign ministers arriving cari for an extraordinary meeting to discuss iran's alleged violations in the region is that a good luck trying now it is it would like to be simple but sebastian pinera may not need much luck a billionaire businessman on track to win around one inch selection of. tens of thousands take to the streets in tokyo is just the latest protest calling the president for passing by to get. say we begin with. political turmoil in zimbabwe where an official changing of the
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guard could be just hours away president robert mugabe's ruling party has sacked him as their leader and given him until midday on monday to resign as president or face impeachment they were jubilant scenes that is on a pier party meeting in harare where the governor was replaced by his side deputy and. ninety three year old leader has been missing military chiefs to discuss his future he's been under house arrest since the army took control on wednesday. or zimbabwe's home affairs minister says it's time for zanu p.f. members to start a new chapter in the history. that . it is unfortunately. they're surrounded himself with.
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in our series how to metastasize monitoring all those events for us live in harare the capital of zimbabwe and how it's clear obviously that mcgarvey reign is over the question now is whether or not he will go quietly before that deadline of tomorrow. is that people want to know if he's going to resign if he resigned in they'll be no need to go to parliament and impeach him senior officials are saying that they hope that he does the right thing he does what's good for the country i can tell you at the state houses a lot of development happening the. genesis work for the states a broadcaster have been called to come so we could have some kind of announcement being made in a couple of hours. however we saw the scenes of jubilation there. announce their
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decision to expel robert mugabe or other retract his leadership has been expelled from the party as i understand it jubilation huge excitement i guess in the country but also uncertainty and anxiety of the future ahead exactly the uncertainty and anxiety is if the president will step down willingly and resign i think people are now looking towards what this means in terms of the economy they feel. if mugabe resigns could be good for the economy he's seen to be he's a businessman people think that the international community will work better with the ball when other if prism a gobby is gone so a lot of anticipation in the air but the main thing now for people is. waiting to see what this means i think if it is announced that he does resign you'll see people celebrating on the streets again because it's been nearly forty years of
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having one man leading zimbabweans so all the frustration and anger they felt over the economy they all come on to the streets and celebrate and hope for a new beginning i want so celebrations have taken place i guess people are going to be asking when might there be new elections. well the election is set for next year twenty eighteen that is still going to go ahead what people now be watching is how zanu p.f. regroups themselves or they be able to appeal to the electorate to get them to vote for zanu p.f. and also what the opposition is going to do morgan tsvangirai came out and said he supported what the army did but he said it's a wait and see scenario what is going to happen next so it's how the opposition forge ahead forming coalitions and appearing for these elections elections are going to happen in twenty eighteen and people will start getting ready for that the
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registration process also start taking off again the country will have a sense it's moving forward to these elections and hopefully to a better economy. first in harare she's keeping an eye on events there and obviously keeping an eye on whether or not mugabe is going to make any sort of speech in the next couple hours or so thanks harry robert mugabe is the only leader most symbolic wins have ever known a hero of the independent struggle he took power in one thousand nine hundred eighty and maintained a firm grip on it looks back now and is often tumultuous thirty seven year old. he has been perhaps the most infamous ruler in africa who destroyed a promising country through his determination to cling on to power adored by some but despised by others in zimbabwe although widely admired across africa as a hero who stood up to the west. one hundred sixty five rhodesia and even smith's white settlers declare independence from britain an event that defined robert
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mugabe's life. the black majority resisted racist rule in the cities and out in the countryside where a vicious bush war raged for years robert mugabe a teacher turned activist emerged from prison as an articulate leader of the independent struggle we started the war in order to give our country then we have a country. they did get their country at lancaster house in london in one nine hundred seventy nine and when zimbabwe celebrated independence the overwhelming winner of elections was in power and rival liberation fighters what do to keep it to be learned in the early one nine hundred eighty s. the opposition crushed thousands killed in ethnic massacres atrocities that were barely noticed abroad.
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but there was also much to admire robert mugabe brought education and health to millions of the. although later the economy declined and the invasion of white farms in two thousand were turning point this time the world did notice. people said this was going to happen of course going to turn into a bloodbath turn into another congo maybe this is it. we're going to get out of it was a chaotic destructive process darby said he was correcting an old injustice. please it's not the business of british used to tell us they do not wear those who are given members of my by my party is relevant to britain. by now the opposition was growing despite torture murder and manipulation many zimbabweans seemed ready to throw mccarthy out. they had a new hero morgan chang he said robert mugabe's early achievements will always be
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overshadowed by the years of oppression. as the great liberator. has betrayed the liberal. i think. it was i think. that's not. the legacy built. at one stage the two rivals ended up in government together although mccarthy made sure he kept the real power and chang later returned to a position. by now his wife grace forty one years his junior had emerged as a political player and big gobby well into his ninety's seem determined to go on and on he liberated zimbabweans but he also left them his roommates legacy sony vaio al-jazeera. which means to you now is unexpurgated he's
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a barbarian political analyst and did indeed serve as chief advisor to the former prime minister morgan chang thanks for being with us on the program your thoughts first of all do you think the garbage is going to go quietly before that deadline of noon tomorrow when i think he's now twenty one very thin ground and see him surviving where we could not seem surviving before today but i think it's now dawning on him that he no longer has the political support that he thought he had and i don't think that his presidency can go much any longer specific and he's never found himself in this for his party though and indeed many zimbabweans some of them by want him to be completely humiliated will they they haven't like what he's done in the last ten years or so but some do you still see him as that sort of revolutionary leader from back in one thousand nine hundred eighty four you know i've always said from the beginning when the military announced that they were taking over government that one of the reasons was their people there would be seen
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for more than forty years he's been the leader so they do have some residual respect some residual sympathy they don't want to mistreat him that i want to be seen to be doing things to him that we have seen being done to other dictators or the leaders in other countries we have fallen out of favor and so you can see even now they've said to him is the president of zanu p.f. they've kept him as a member of the party that's my understanding which again shows that they're trying to give him a dignified exit even though the many double and he's been making it difficult but for himself and for his subordinates what was it that finally persuaded basically was the military the military intervention that all these events unfold but what was it that persuaded the military now was the time to get involved was it the sacking of emerson and there are there's no question about it it was the second of former vice president but also indicated the real. but that mr mugabe's wife
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grace was now in a stronger position to become president and given the manner in which she conducted your politics the manner in which she had. remediated those advantage of men and we sure was doing things nobody was prepared to countenance that oh my god is now the interim leader of zanu p.f. he's also like to be nominated as the. be nominated as the nomination for president say but how different is it when god and his politics from mugabe were to work hand in hand for many years to well you know that an important question for reflection for zimbabweans even in this period of euphoria seeing mr mugabe go out of power these are people who have worked with mr mugabe mr mungo him self was very close and very loyal to mr mugabe which was also a source of his frustration at the fact that he was being mistreated by mr mugabe and his wife so he was using force he did well for him he was loyal so what we have
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here is the removal of a man but the question that zimbabweans have to ask after this is over is have they changed the system and that i think is an issue that needs to be to be looked into if you were advising both robert mugabe and god what would you say to them that needs to be done now to brings them bob way brings them baldwins together you know are firstly like i say mr mugabe there are people inside of tearful who respect him for what he's done people in no position they also have a lot of questions and a lot of revulsion towards wisdom but they also recognize the good thing that he did in the beginning at some point or though he he had so many problems but you know it would be mr president it's time to step down with some dignity and for mr more importantly it is for him to say look you are going to take over. more likely and zimbabwe needs
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a little. ship leadership that is different from what mr mugabe provided is prepared to do that is prepared to be more inclusive is prepared to demonstrate the kind of seven leadership that has been lagging in zimbabwe if you can demonstrate that if you can show that i think that maybe even the skeptics will start to believe that there is some hope for zimbabwe or it appreciate your time and your houses like you. and the us the day's news is coming right up here on al-jazeera including we're in greece where refugees are continuing to arrive but they are increasingly reliant on help from small charity. world toilet day we're going to meet the cambodians whose lives have been transformed by access to clean that haitian.
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hello there are many of us in the southeastern parts of china it's cool and dry at the moment for shanghai while temperatures will only be topping it around thirteen degrees for hong kong will only be at twenty two can see the winds they feeding in from the sea so they'll be an increase of clouds for some of us in the southern parts of china and that will be bringing out a few showers there for us on monday the heavy rain though that's clearly in the southern parts of our map here that a decaying system that's working its way northward is giving us some very heavy downpours across many parts of it now turning very heavy in the north there for choose day so very very wet during the day could even give us a problem with flooding towards the west and here it's mostly clear for many of us across india but not quite in the far north here we're seeing off first flurries of snow of the season looks like we're going to see more in the way of wet weather over the next few days the rains there over the next few days on to the same place in the south and that's the way they're going to stay monday and tuesday also in
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sri lanka so pretty heavy showers around to further north and where we saw a snow these last are going to be draw in fine as we head through the next couple of days now here in doha there's a chance of a few spots of rain over the next few days but still at temperatures making it up to thirty one degrees. is captivity the only hope for china's panders. one one is ventures deep into the mountains of western china in search of the elusive while. at this time and how does it. zero. where ever you.
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go back obviously beyond remind of the top stories here on al-jazeera the zimbabwean president robert mugabe's ruling party has sacked him as its leader and has given him until midday on monday to resign as president or face impeachment. the party has replaced mcgarvey with emerson the former vice president who sacking led to the army intervention. now the arab league is holding an extraordinary meeting in cairo to discuss alleged violations committed by iran in the region saudi arabia requested this special summer summit heightened tensions between riyadh and terror all over lebanon let's speak now to al-jazeera senior
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political analyst bashara who joins us from our headquarters there in doha so this was requested then by the saudis why. well it started with the attack on. its airport north of riyadh by a ballistic missile being shot from yemen the saudis claimed that these might have been. within the area where it was shocked but it was iran and lebanon's hezbollah are behind it they claim that iran and hezbollah train on a month financed the host these and hence they are called for an extraordinary meeting of foreign minister in order to reach some kind of an agreement understanding maybe a communique of sort where the arab world or arab leaders will come together to condemn iran and hezbollah and find out what exactly to do about what saudi arabia calls increasing iranian interference in the arab region i will saudi arabia
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have unequivocal backing from all a's members of the arab league. no it doesn't i mean generally speaking the arab world does feel that iran has been interfering has been expanding its influence in the arab region and certainly see evidence of that in iraq and syria and lebanon and arguably in yemen. but while you know most arabs do see some sort of many us coming from the islamic republic of iran they don't agree with saudi arabia's overzealous overreaching and perhaps brash. approach to the question of iran especially when they look at their record and they see what iran what saudi arabia has done in yemen over the last two and a half years its war in yemen and the way it manufactured
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a crisis in the gulf against qatar and just the last two weeks the way it handled that is ignition of hariri the prime minister of lebanon i think overall there's a good number of countries that don't trust so would you leave the ship specially the young leader there the crown prince hamad bin solid month and they would like to take a more sober look at iran so they agree that there's an issue with iran but there aren't agree with how saudi has been handling it all wants to handle it in terms of escalation of conflict proxy battles with iran in the region and just briefly bowen if you can what are you expecting to actually come out of this summit. from what i understand from this is that there is going to be a final communique it will condemn the hell with these a.b.m. and for shooting those ballastic missiles against saudi territory and so these
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cities but while they will criticize iran and while they would warn against iranian interference and have affairs they will not necessarily condemn rain ians for what's happening in yemen per se so i think there will be a bit of a division of eleven no aunts there will come out of statement but it won't be the kind of statement that saudi arabia hopes it is and it's not the kind of statement that will lead to any serious actionable steps being taken in the arab world against iran or in yemen a story we will continue to follow i'm all on it at home thank you. now anti-government protests a flare up again in togo for months demonstrators have been demanding constitutional reform and an end to the ruling family's fifty year grip on power but the president is refusing to back down as mariana hond reports. the government put the figure x. twenty thousand the opposition says they were ten times that number the discrepancy
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over how many were out on the streets of togo's camp is a long way on saturday gives some insight into just how far apart the opposition and the government and how little interest they have been each other's views protesters want a president for missing day out and a two term limit on who will take his place but the president is resisting sidestepping proposals that would see him go. fifty years is too much for one family we're sick of this you'll see we're sick of this. for three months people have been calling for an end to the political dynasty togo is the only country in west africa that doesn't and here to presidential term limits that's kept than a single family in power for half a century first missing by a demo for thirty eight years and then his son who took over in two thousand and
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five when his father died president full pledged in late september to hold a constitutional referendum but the proposal for a two term presidency is not retroactive that means missing by could stand again even twice potentially keeping him in power until twenty thirty as tensions rise the president has called for loyalty from the armed forces protesters have responded by handing out flowers to those seemed to keep the pain nice little girls will shock the military. a flower for each member of our armed forces the army is ours we want the armed forces to take the lead in the struggle and finish it with us the government was having none of that. no no no our armed forces are loyal to our institutions that is final nothing beyond. the situation appears to have no clear resolution in sight both sides blame each other for violence that has killed sixteen people of the last three months was difficult
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leaders and members of the african union have stepped in to try to get the two sides talking but until that delivers meaningful change these protesters insist that will keep marching. al-jazeera chileans are heading to the polls to vote for a new president eight candidates all in the running the billionaire businessman and former president sebastian pinera seen as the favorite to win there as you see in human is at a polling station in santiago. we are in a school in a middle class neighborhood in downtown santiago and as you can see people are beginning to come out and vote after a very very slow morning indeed none of the candidates star eight in all from the far left to the far right really seem to have sparked the infusing of the electorate this year former president. a conservative is leading in the polls but he is unlikely to win a simple majority in the first round people who are coming out to vote say that
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they're casting their ballots not for a candidate that they love but rather for the one that they dislike of the least a series of corruption scandals involving all the political parties has seriously eroded confidence and respect in the country's politicians public transport has been made free at least on the metro to try to encourage people to come out and vote in this election economic growth has been sluggish crime although the lowest in latin america is on the increase and so voters are looking to their part the next president to try to resolve these problems what is the turnout is as low as the polls seem to predict clearly it's an indication that they don't have a lot of trust that their next president will be able to fix these problems. now aid groups in greece are struggling to help the nearly two hundred refugees arriving by land and sea each day many of them seek shelter only on and of less boss which has become a popular landing hub for approximately one million refugees since twenty fifteen
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zero zero plus went there to find out more. omar is trying to keep his costs from climbing he's borrowed this warehouse from a fisherman to store donated clothes a dozen volunteers have come from all over the world to help him lesbos has spawned a number of volunteer run groups in the past two years what makes his different is that he is himself a refugee who once spent fourteen hours in these waters swimming from turkey to greece yes i meant them by boat but they swim and they know where the highway feel in the sea and they know what the people feel and they see when the i know how and with the everybody the greek coast guard recently called on help when a group of refugees landed there rubber boat on an uninhabited island off and refused to leave. within. twenty minutes of them.
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what we. believe me we were. there and we will help you and the river. also helped to clothe and feed these afghans who arrived overnight less of us has been the european landing for more than a million refugees since twenty fifteen as this life jacket and rubber raft graveyard attests and the island continues to receive the majority of arrivals in greece which is why it continues to need volunteer organizations refugee for refugees manages to scrape together three to four thousand dollars a month in donations from britain spain and the united states it's a small operation but increasingly important european funding for n.g.o.s on the aegean islands ended in july leading many of the larger groups with corporate salaries and overheads to pull out the government is calling on those who can support themselves without public money to take their place. we don't even
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require an organization to be an ngo five friends can come and declare that they will teach french to the refugees on mondays wednesdays and fridays we encourage solidarity we depend on it. also karl was an ambulance driver in syria helping to ferry the sick and wounded to turkish hospitals for treatment he's still essentially doing the same job but this time for free jump. on the north shore of lesbos it is world toilet day a day the u.n. hopes will inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis for a half billion people live without a household toilet that safely disposes of waste in cambodia less than half the population have a proper toilets but progress is being made with bright now reports. in the center of this cambodian village the ngo watershed has organized a sales pitch for the toilet people are asked how many don't have one the answer is
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most. instead of getting a donated toilet the idea is to make it something to aspire to and value. klunk has just got one she used to go into the field at the back of her house. now she has pride of ownership and her friends won't want to. my neighbor says when her daughter sent him money the next time she'll buy one. simple concrete pipes sunk into the ground she got her toilet from contractor point. who started making them two years ago well. it's good business i'm now selling about fifteen to twenty a month creating a demand that leads to a market that solves a problem for women and girls especially going out at night in remote areas carries with it the risk of attack a lack of toilets in rural cambodia also does significant harm to the development
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of children it's estimated a third of under five year olds suffer from stunted growth when children are exposed to feces in their environment they repeatedly get bouts of diarrhea so all the good things that are going in the coming straight out in the capital phnom penh a regional conference considered solutions it's addressed by dr. a pioneer who developed a strategy in bangladesh based on peer pressure that's now adopted worldwide if you are not allowed to defecate in the open by the community use your friends toilet or really deployed getting different communities to come up with solutions to a shared problem rob mcbride al-jazeera company spew province cambodia at a quick reminder that you can find out much more about many of the stories we are covering by going to our web site click on to al-jazeera dot com al-jazeera dot com.
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reminder of our main headlines this hour zimbabwean president robert mugabe's ruling party has sacked him there were jubilant scenes at his on a p.f. party meeting harare where mcgarvey was given until midday on monday to resign as president or face impeachment and i t three year old leader has been missing military chiefs to discuss his future he's been under house arrest since the army took control on wednesday. resigning. his position is the president. of the twenty. two thousand in. chief. of the president. home affairs minister says it's time for zanu p.f.
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to start a new chapter yes. it is. it is unfortunate. that surrounded himself with. the arab league is holding an extraordinary meeting in cairo to discuss alleged violations committed by iran in the region saudi arabia requested the summer has made heightened tensions between riyadh on terror all over eleven of. tens of thousands of anti-government protesters have taken to the streets in togo for this weekend for months demonstrators have been demanding constitutional reform and an end to the family the ruling family's fifty year grip on power but president for
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massing bay is refusing to back down. voting for a new president eight candidates in the running with the billionaire businessman and for much less president sebastian pinera seen as the favorite to win. those the latest headlines here on out or how does era up next it's one of many saving china's pandas by. the if you're . they are the global face of wildlife conservation. and after decades of campaigning.

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