tv NEWS LIVE - 30 Al Jazeera November 22, 2017 5:00pm-5:34pm +03
al jazeera. where ever you. with over forty thousand people killed under his rule it took twenty five years to bring him to a court of law. but why for so long with such a brutal dictator considered an ally of the west you're not reporting to the congress or to the press they were engaged in a clandestine. al-jazeera unravels the history of chad's notorious former president the same habit a dictator on trial at this time on al-jazeera. the chamber sentences mr teach to life imprisonment hailed as
a milestone for international justice the bosnian serb commander rock combe adage is convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity. hello again i'm peter watching al jazeera live from our headquarters here in doha also ahead the lebanese prime minister puts his resignation on hold as thousands turn out to welcome him home. after the u.n. the u.s. now calls me an mahs military action against the ethnic cleansing. hope and optimism that zimbabweans wait to welcome the next president. a military commander branded the butcher of the balkans and the epitome of evil has
been sentenced to life in prison. was found guilty on ten charges ten out of eleven including genocide and crimes against humanity showing the balls in war the former military chief was convicted of the massacre of more than eight thousand muslim men and boys it's represents and the siege of sarajevo in which more than ten thousand people died his lawyer says he will appeal. for having committed these crimes the chamber censuses mr each to life imprisonment. discount through to delivery of the judgment the chamber stands the judge. or shortly we'll take you live to david chaytor in srebrenica first let's get the latest from neve barker who's at the hague neve over to you. or peter thank you has been a very intensely watched trial over the last five years people have been waiting
very much for this historic moment guilty verdicts on ten of the eleven counts levied against. he has been found guilty on one of two charges of genocide and guilty on multiple counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes it's twenty two years since the end of the war in the balkans and has been very much a focal point for a tremendous amount of legal activity in the previous years he was on the run for sixteen years until he was arrested in two thousand and eleven he was then held in pre trial detention for a year before that trial began and now it has come to this conclusion it is also a key moment for the i.c.t. why that was set up after the war to try people exactly like mr laddish and to help us understand a little bit more about the functioning of the tribunals i'm now joined by nan i'd go cesky i.c.t.
why spokesman thank you so much for giving us your time first of all can you put this trial into a historic context for us how unprecedented was this trial and how unprecedented is the work of this tribe you know well this is a hugely important trial in a hugely important is that you shouldn't this trial comes twenty two years after the end of the conflict in the former yugoslavia or at least the conflict in bosnia and herzegovina the man who was convicted today was that i was on the run for sixteen years and he was only arrested in two thousand and eleven that only goes to show that internet. justice and justice for war crimes is possible. and i do think that it sends a strong message throughout the world for anyone sitting in a position of power planning an ethnic cleansing or a genocide campaign that one day you might be arrested and held accountable before an international court for your crimes in particular the institution itself the
international tribunal for the former yugoslavia was the first such tribunal established afternoon begin talking. half a century of pause between the. early military tribunals and this tribunal here this tribunal has also faced a degree of criticism as well largely for the amount of time it has taken twenty two years since the ends of the conflict in bosnia as you mentioned there before justice has been done of course is one of a number of high profile figures to pass through this tribunals but why so long what kind of clear message can you send to others as you said who may be carrying out similar crimes that they might be able to evade justice for this amount of time . justice might be slow but it's the. obvious logistical reasons for this when if you would have a murder case international jurisdiction you would have several months of trial here we have hundreds if not thousands of murders different crimes that have been committed across fifteen different municipalities some of the trials related to
several countries where crimes have been committed and then you have the language issue everything that is said in the court needs to be translated into the language of the accused all of this takes time and to have a trial complex such so complex as this one with nearly ten thousand exhibits being submitted to the court for in a car a few years seem actually a reasonable period of time. from the i.c.c. why thank you very much for that well we have heard from a lot of shiz defense team that the intention is to appeal the verdict that has been handed out here that will not take place within the mechanism of this particular tribe you know but into a parallel tribunals that could be several more weeks if not months before we get a full understanding of the way that will go we don't know as yet what milat it his exact reaction has been of course he was ejected from the courtroom but judging from his defense team and judging from his son who is here throughout there's a tremendous amount of anger from that side of this story need thanks very much
david chaytor joins us from srebrenica david will this judgement and this sentence do anything at all to heal the divisions that seem so very close to the surface still where you are. peter just let me describe the moment when that verdict came through there were mothers of seventy eight server all gathered together in a small museum memorial in the middle of the cemetery where many of their sons library they then had to listen to the most detailed testimony reminding them of those twenty two years they've had waiting for. this day in court it brought all those memories even more strongly back and when the verdict was handed down and that it was found guilty of genocide and given a life sentence there was a an upsurge of emotion and then a and a wave of elation but in the end after the cheers and the clapping they came out in
tears there was one particular i spoke to and she was she lost her husband a son and a brother in the in the the serb ethnic cleansing that went on in separate meter and she was very famous because she was seen pleading with a u.n. soldier in this so-called safe zone to to get our loved ones back again but she has had a life sentence like all the others here have a license as they go to a heavy burden of grief but they'll take with them to their own graves and just to remind you one thousand people are still missing from this massacre bones and bits of bodies are still being found in those woods and hills surrounding so this is a living sentence for all of the people involved in this ethnic cleansing and yet certain villages down the road where the the ethnic serb communities live they don't see this is genocide they still feel that mullard each was their war hero
they don't count this as a court verdict on genocide they see it as a political court so essentially what you've got here peter is everything that was during the war just frozen after the dayton. concord so it appears that nothing has been learned so far the politicians still haven't learned the lessons of the past and this country this community is still as divided as ever if those bosnian muslim communities are still living kind of cheek by jowl with the bosnian serb community. i mean is there a fear there for them that it something similar could happen again i mean what's the relationship like on a day to day week to week basis because i guess you could say look you know write code found guilty sentence rather than carriage phone guilty sentence slobodan milosevic he died that was
a problem for some people at the highest court in the hague so those people that well and truly out the picture but the relationship on the ground that was one of the things that surprised everyone going back to the early ninety's the way that villagers had lived side by side and then they went to war. yes they went to war because the politicians particularly in serbia forced them into that war they're the ones that were exploiting these ethnic divisions your quite right they lived very peacefully side by side and it was a very cynical ploy to deliberate ploy to expand serbia to cleanse the the muslim ethnic communities here in this particular part of the valley near separate needs and so it is very difficult for them still go around the roads here you go through serbian villages and towns and then you come to. yes they are all living there together but there's a silence alienation there still and yes it is still waiting again for some
leader politician to rise above that bloody past and to to give a clear vision for the multi ethnic communities here to once again try and live together but i tell you walking around here driving around here it feels haunted still there is no light at the end of this tunnel and there's nothing like again spiritually or psychologically from this verdict it's a verdict which they've long waited for as i say twenty two haunted years but those ghosts are still with everybody here david thank you. we move on thousands of people have gathered outside the residence of the lebanese prime minister saad hariri. he's back in beirut two weeks after first announcing he was standing down while in saudi arabia he's agreed to delay his resignation after a quest from the president michel open to allow more dialogue. oh my god
i'm here with you and we will continue onwards together so we can be the line of defense for lebanon and for the stability of lebanon this gathering today is going to be repeated you'll see me visit every part of lebanon. well just a little earlier mr hariri attended the independence day celebrations in the capital hashem has more now from beirut. a crucial show of unity at a critical moment for lebanon president michel aoun a question parliament speaker and b. perry is she a muslim and prime minister saad that had a sunni muslim all together commemorating independence day divided along sectarian lines lebanon faces yet another political crisis the latest started on the fourth of november when harry and now asked his resignation while visiting saudi arabia he accused hezbollah and iran of destabilizing the region his
surprise announcement threw lebanon's fragile political order into disarray. president accused the saudis of an act of aggression against lebanon and holding how really against his will the saudis said they fear for his safety back home after visiting france and egypt how did he eventually landed back in lebanon on tuesday and paid his respects at the grave of his father a heavy the former prime minister was assassinated in a massive explosion in beirut twelve years ago his son called on all parties to stay away from regional conflicts but after meeting president our own how did he decided to suspend his resignation. to the islands design with time that i stressed my commitment to cooperate with president i will for the sake of lebanon to keep
our country away from wars and disputes i have discussed my resignation with the president and he asked me not to resign now and to keep it until more consultation about the reasons behind my resignation lebanon's political crisis is turning into a confrontation between the region's major rivals saudi arabia which backs how dearie against iran which supports the armed group hezbollah an enemy of israel the regional rivalry extends to the wars in yemen and syria. world leaders are concerned they say a stable lebanon is key to the region's stability the prime minister said that had he's back home and the political crisis is. against the backdrop of the ongoing political divide the main parties may not be able to agree on a successor if i really insist on stepping down why spreads worry here is his resignation may cause further instability. to see around beirut.
developing story the u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson is calling the running a crisis quote ethnic cleansing to listen visited me in my last week to address the unfolding refugee crisis more than six hundred thousand people have fled across the border into bangladesh they're mainly at the cox's bazar area now the statement says those responsible for the atrocities in rakhine state should be held accountable can really help it joins us now live from washington kimberly why now. well not only because of that visit that you mentioned by the u.s. secretary of state of course he met with the matter and chief of the armed forces in me and maher as well as the state councilor on song suchi but it is also the belief that this is necessary and this is significant because peter this declaration of ethnic cleansing as a result of those atrocities that have occurred that are forced you know hundreds of thousands to flee comes with legal ramifications of also too many believe here
in the united states particularly puts the u.s. on what many view is the right side of morality now in terms of how this moves forward the secretary of state saying in a statement that a key test of any democracy is how marginalized populations are treated and well the united states is reiterating its condemnation of the actions that took place in august by the. salvation army at the same time it's the view that there should be no justification for the atrocities that occurred by me and maurice military following so this is why we've seen this very strong statement coming out the u.s. also saying through its statement from the state department that there is a need for a very careful analysis of these events and also an independent investigation saying they should be held to account and holding them to account two different things is there a possible timeline here in the thinking at the state department. there hasn't been
one that's been released so far but certainly we can look at some of the statements by the u.s. ambassador to the united nations nikki haley in terms of how the u.s. sees this playing out as well as the statement that we've just received from the state department the first is that nikki haley has been very vocal in saying that she believes that this may need to go to the level of international tribunals such as the international criminal court but also to their actions now with this declaration for ethnic cleansing that can be taken inside the united states in terms of not just looking at this in an investigation form but also in the form perhaps peter of targeted sanctions can really thanks very much. still to come here on al-jazeera a rare and dramatic video of the rescue of a north korean soldier who was shot when escaping across the border. and exclaiming colombia's peace deal without using the spoken word.
hello it's been raining fairly steadily in the southwest of china and that's largely because we've got this northeast monsoon winter on soon coming in but the still plenty of moisture brought up from the sas china say has been affecting vietnam really quite badly and will do for the next two days as it will by look at that in southwest corner of china still that height is going to snow here. is a rain picture you see the thames is all that low still fourteen twelve in shanghai about seventy in hong kong does mean you want to feel a little bit colder the monsoon just appearing from india now as you might expect and still a very obvious lines for the bay of bengal with a small potential developing a circulation we'll watch for that as it happens but come in the rain is really affecting us for lanka not the indian man and told of course things are still pretty poor up in the northern plain from the point of view of quality that would
be the same for the next two days no significant alteration to anything whereas we have seen the winter rains start to show up in the arabian peninsula significant right has been shown up in west and sponsor sadi flooding in jeddah briefly and there's all this green mass in the forecast for iran and guess who's in between the two well kuwait and qatar the forecast for the next two days could well be so significant rain to this part of the normally dry weld. you are making very pointed remarks where on line the main u.s. response to drug use and the drug trade over the last fifty years has been to criminalize or if you join us on say to no evil person just wakes up in the morning and says i want to cover the world in darkness this is a dialogue and that could be what leading to some of the confusion online about people saying they don't actually know what's going on join the colobus
conversation at this time on al-jazeera. logan without his ear i'm peter dobby here in doha your headline is the former bosnian serb iraq has been sentenced to life in prison for genocide and other crimes during the bosnian war he was convicted of the massacre of more than eight thousand bosnian men and boys obstreperous and the siege of sarajevo in which more than ten thousand people died. thousands of people have gathered outside the residence of the lebanese prime minister. he's back in beirut two weeks after announcing he was standing whilst in saudi arabia mr hariri has agreed to delay his
resignation offer a request from the president to allow more dialogue. and the u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson is now calling the rohingya crisis ethnic cleansing to listen went to me in my last week to address the unfolding refugee crisis more than six hundred thousand people have fled across the border into bank to listen statement says those responsible for what happened in rakhine state should be held accountable. and dissipates in his building in zimbabwe where hundreds of people are gathering at the airport to welcome back the man who become the new president this is what awaits the former vice president. when he arrives there he's currently on his way back from south africa he fled there when he was fired by robert mugabe he quit on tuesday the speaker of parliament says he'll be sworn in as president on friday. with more from harare. robert mugabe is no longer president and the general sentiment in the country is
that of relief they feel an old era is gone to something some kind of positive change and they're hoping that this man. will be the man who will fix the economy create jobs and move the country forward. political and. economic isolation he has a lot of challenges ahead of him he'll be sworn in on friday at parliament and right as the building behind me this day broadcast is getting really things up and get things in motion but he has a lot to do people want to hear from him how he plans to solve the economic crisis how he plans to create jobs will he be an inclusive leader for all of the moments and not just. supporters zanu p.f. of innocent people who want some kind of positive change on the street things are being calm for a while now there are a few soldiers stationed outside some to teaching buildings just as
a proportion but all eyes now on. what's easy going to do about them bob is aiding economy and we're really going to be the right leader for the country the russian president vladimir putin has told his turkish and iranian counterparts there is a real chance of ending the war in syria speaking in sochi mr putin said he believed a quote new stage should be reached in the syrian crisis but he also warned achieving a political solution will require compromises from all sides russia and iran are allies of the syrian president bashar al assad who made a surprise visit to sochi on monday. syrian rebel groups saudi arabia is hosting a separate summits of various syrian opposition groups the un special envoy to syria stephanie mistura is in riyadh but he will travel to moscow next week mr a says his priority is ensuring the strongest syrian opposition delegation heads for geneva later this month the saudi foreign minister has pledged to unify the opposition following the resignation of its leaders on monday. the u.n.
command says north korea violated the armistice agreement when its troops shot at and chased a soldier who was defecting across the border to defect to remains in a south korean hospital with gunshot wounds after the incident last week. extraordinary video of a soldier risking his life to escape from north korea at around three in the afternoon he's seen driving a truck past a checkpoint on the north korean side of the demilitarized zone or d.m.z. on the heavily fortified border fellow soldiers are shown running after the truck which becomes stuck the defector then gets out and runs towards the border known as the military do you mark ation line or m.t.l. just meters away soldiers from the k.p.a. or north korean people's army opened fire hitting the defector it's thought five times one even chases him over the border before returning to the north korean side
the key findings of the special investigation team are that the k.p.a. violated the armistice agreement by one firing weapons across the m.t.l. and two by actually crossing the m.d.o. temporarily the defectors body is seen lying motionless on the south korean side of the border then soldiers from the joint u.s. and south korean security battalion are seen crawling towards the injured defector to drag him to safety it's rare for defectors to try and breach the joint security area puntland jum tour groups on both sides of the border regularly visit though the u.n. command says no tourists were there when the shooting happened. the north korean soldier remains in intensive care in a south korean hospital where he has regained consciousness and his wounds are no longer life threatening a doctor treating him says the surgery revealed a parasitic worms he'd only ever seen in textbooks giving an insight into the dire
conditions north koreans face and the kind of life this defector was fleeing kathy novak al jazeera soul. at least one security officer and a gunman have been killed in a twenty four hour special operation black counterterrorism forces in the georgian capital tbilisi they radiate a multi-story building georgia's security services say a number of suspects and i holed up inside the building. the u.s. president donald trump has broken with leading republicans and voiced support for the alabama senate candidate william moore who's been accused of sexual misconduct with teenagers his committee and. for the first time donald trump has come out strongly endorsing the candidacy of the embattled candidate for a special senate seat republican roy moore there have been multiple i'm proven allegations by women who say when they were teenagers more pursued them against their wishes donald trump says that these allegations happened a long time ago and he believes morris claims that they are false he totally denies
it he says it didn't happen and you know you have to list them all so you're talking about he said forty years ago this is not half so. now this is a story that continues to dominate news headlines here in the united states and the reason comes down to simple math republicans have a very narrow majority in the u.s. senate and it is the view of the president that he does not want another liberal democrat in that chamber given the fact that there are many republicans that continue to waver on his legislative agenda still searching for a legislative victory the president believes that this is a seat he cannot afford to lose he is also not ruling out potentially even campaigning for roy moore in advance of the december election. colombia's deaf community has come up with a new way to discuss the peace deal reached by their government with the fog rebels
the troops as deeply divided the country as colombians of struggle to find common ground on the thorny issue of conflict and justice and as i understand explains those conversations were particularly difficult for the death. violence victim displacement words and concepts difficult to grasp for many people but there were almost impossible for deaf colombians who were lacking words to describe them. now and you glossary the finds through signs and drawings fifty seven missing words to help this community understand in this case the country's peace deal with feyerick rebels. who worked at the national institute for the deaf but disappeared in the process. before i had no knowledge of the context of peace it seemed like a boring issue what the country was living didn't interest me because i couldn't understand it now i'm able to read the text and understand many terms i'm able to connect concepts i'm included in the conversation with the assistance of
a sociologist the group chose words that were either missing or required a better understanding these were defined in spanish then interpreted through signs and translated again until there was no discrepancy between the language and its base will interpretation sometimes one sign represents many words other times we need a sequence of science to say just one word for example one word like conflict existed and had a limited context of use in the sign language so we had to find a way to broaden that body spirit says there sign language is still a work in progress. our sign language is very young and elementary now it's being used in high schools and universities are still missing many words science for peace is just one of a series of a. central bank to reach the most vulnerable communities in the country and guarantee their participation in the ongoing national discussion
about. the bank's cultural manager says the glossaries importance goes beyond the deaf community at a moment of deep divisions around when you include people you learn you make there were you open possibilities for the country what they taught us is that actually no one really knows what transitional justice means no one of the common people this special is the chords they may know but we as a regular person need someone to explain to us need someone to help us make this sign that is loaded with content it's a small but far from obvious step to build a more inclusive. and open society for all alison that.
this is al jazeera these are the top stories the former bosnian serb commander ratko has been sentenced to life in prison for genocide and other crimes during the war in bosnia he was convicted of the massacre of more than eight thousand bosnian men and boys in stripper anita and the siege of sarajevo in which more than ten thousand people died. for having committed these crimes the chamber sentences mr rudd coma each to life imprisonment discomfited delivery of the judgement the chamber stands the judge. thousands of people have gathered outside the residence of lebanon's prime minister saad hariri is back in beirut two weeks after announcing he was standing down while in saudi arabia syria has agreed to delay his resignation after requests from the president to allow more dialogue. going on here with you and we will continue onwards together so we can be the line of defense for lebanon and for the
stability of lebanon this gathering today is going to be repeated you'll see me visit every part of lebanon the u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson is now calling the running a crisis ethnic cleansing to listen went to me in my last week to address the unfolding refugee crisis more than six hundred thousand people have fled across the border into bangladesh the statement from telus and says those responsible for the atrocities in rakhine state should be held to account and to spacious building in zimbabwe where hundreds of people are at the airport to welcome back to become the new president's emerson. is on his way back from south africa will be sworn in on friday. the russian president vladimir putin has told his turkish and iranian counterparts there is a real chance of ending the war in syria speaking in sochi putin said he believed a new stage had been reached in the syrian crisis but he also want to achieve in a political solution would require
a compromise on all sides russia and iran are allies of the syrian president bashar al assad who made a surprise visit to sochi on monday turkey back some syrian rebel groups. more news on the web site al jazeera dot com tweet me i'll tweet you back i'm at peter w one jane is here with the with the news grid even top of the season. we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take al-jazeera we'll bring you the news and current events that matter to you how does iraq.