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tv   Child Soldiers Reloaded  Al Jazeera  November 23, 2017 11:00pm-12:01am +03

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shooting people are not sure to themselves and their other countries have managed to solve this problem are you worried that this conflict could erupt into an outright open war with the cities general security people who paid the price did the right top in part it is setting the stage for a serious debate up front at this time on al-jazeera. al-jazeera where every.
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hello i'm barbara starr in london these are the top stories on al-jazeera me and more in bangladesh have signed a deal for the repatriation of range of refugees bangladesh said it will begin within two months but it's not clear how many refugees will be allowed to return home since august more than six hundred thousand have fled the military crackdown. and many are concerned about how the deal will affect them but highly reports from . after days of negotiating bangladesh's foreign minister abdul hassan mahmud ali and myanmar leader on song suchi reach an agreement on a repatriation plan for the ranger who fled rakhine state over the last three months the memo of understanding was signed in a foreign minister level working group created as the leaders reached agreement some of the hundreds of thousands of or hindu refugees who fled the violence spoke of their concern about how the repatriation will work. i don't think we did they discriminate against us because we are muslim if they accept us as running is and
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give us full citizenship and allow us to live in peace and harmony then we will consider returning to the place we have really suffered they have committed so many atrocities against us killed many of my family members burned our homes and taken our land if they give us equal rights citizenship and security then we will consider going back added pressure on myanmar to move forward with the red cross is coming from washington a week after his visit to the country u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson called the army crackdown in rakhine ethnic cleansing that's the first time the troubled ministration has used that description in his first visit to the capital neighbored or last week to listen call the events in rakhine as just horrific he also said an impartial independent investigation is needed. russia's ambassador to me and more says the ethnic cleansing label is unhelpful and an independent investigation is not acceptable for me and more so many young gone agree that all may be going on you when you know in my opinion the
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statement by the u.s. secretary of state is one sided he's meddling in our country's affairs. even though a repatriation agreement has been reached it's not clear how quickly the refugees were turned to myanmar not to mention of they'll be going back to the villages they were a victim from or even if many villages which were left in flames still exist it's not hard to al-jazeera young. families of forty four crew members of the missing submarine are furious at the argentine government as fears grow over their fate argentina's navy has announced that a possible explosion was heard near the last known location of the a san juan but its whereabouts are still unknown there have been emotional scenes at the marble plant the naval base where relatives of the sons crew are gathering many accuse the government of the liberally keeping them in the dark and letting the crew operate a submarine that was too. honestly i don't. know the submarine wasn't found but they say it's three thousand meters below the sea so annoyed they don't
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tell you anything that's why i say they are swans they are wicked and have been evacuated us they knew about it. yemen's main international airport hasn't reopened this fight the saudi led coalition saying that it would the military alliance had announced it would allow humanitarian aid into sana airport and the seaport over there that they've been facing increasing pressure from the u.s. and the u.n. to lift to the blockade. the u.n. is urging australia to protect refugees out of the tension sent three used to run in papua new guinea police on mount a silent have tried to evict hundreds of refugees who are refusing to leave at least eight people are dead and dozens more injured after a suicide attack in afghanistan's eastern province officials say the explosion in jalalabad that targeted a local police commander who was recently dismissed from his job the officer escaped unharmed but two of his children were killed there was no immediate claim
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of responsibility interpol says it's arrested forty people in a major operation against human trafficking in west africa five hundred people including two hundred thirty six children were rescued in raids in chad mali mauritania nizkor and senegal the action follows a global outright sparked by footage of african migrants being sold as slaves in libya those are the headlines when you have half an hour coming up next child soldiers of i. we will maintain the finest fighting force of the world has ever known the world has ever known the world has ever known we'll never know will never united personally have any difficulty with most of it i just don't like the image that it
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conjures up in most people's minds. it's like any other thing in the global finance it's just the military trade. and. contractors don't like hard time around. my dad he could go to. his ten young government perspective the iraqi group and was considered a good deal. not be the article you were on yeah it's more like thirty years closely. we have a mismatch between the way we on magine war to be and the reality of the twenty first century can we do a little or can we find someone as we do it for boardroom don't you get what you pay for.
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b.b.c. world service and u.s. troops have left iraq and it continues to maintain a high places in the country with the largest u.s. embassy in the world the situation in afghanistan the center for crucial for the international troops to go under control over to the afghan forces fish if you're just attrition really critical in the country. since throughout america today we are stopped by my father and son in iraq. this is a man who says he was. so young i thought if i was just on the fence or visit friends one. of them they are already out there on that. day
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right now down there tonight yeah. how many of the persons that you're sending out to. your child soldiers and the like i said i can't i can tell you that i mean if you think i can't i can't. i can't tell you dealing with the many people i'm going to. this and this. new president you inspecting you know mounted by you. and to be recruits to our yeah. yeah yeah. really what's.
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the real thing well. enough to hear you know your for you and i will too. this is our tradition if you don't know for it with a stick from the spear with our own. that's the tradition so if you're trying to simulate this for me disoriented them say well it could i'm sure but that isn't the case some may be critical of people who used to be fighting when they were very young that they all go to war you're busy that's a problem not us not a problem for us mother from. the particles not from boxes yes it must have. and even if they had started when they would fulfill it another thirty but that's not a problem was not a problem just does the job as they are here his car yeah yeah.
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let me send guys whatever yes we fancy print and they got the school fees he's got freddy. that i'm never got no summit on resorted to use your gun i because of that his being that people go isn't what you tell me this is what they do i need to understand english. gun to shoot those who won five. years companies risk on common contract as my mom wanted them.
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for example i didn't remember it was for someone time. the private military industry is a part of how the country is in fights wars today. u.s. government doesn't track the number of contractors it uses in places iraq or afghanistan we know it's a lot we don't really know exactly how many. i
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spent several years working within the industry i have a military background and one of the differences between being a soldier i found and being a private military contractor is that when you work for the u.s. military or any military you take a sacred oath that you're going to serve and fight for your country and necessary die to protect a way of life one that you believe in i am an american soldier i'm a warrior and a member of it seems. like. i will never accept defeat. at least i will never win i'll never leave a fallen comrade it's the complete opposite in a private military world you look at the budget first the loyalty of these companies and these businessmen and change depending on market forces. we operate in the world's challenging complex emerging markets the middle east is absolutely
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the core for other business today. the sooner we can be in pal and we perform and do the right thing on. this industry is not just what you see is what you get. when you see a company you don't know exactly who's working for them they hire and they sometimes create what we call subs sub contractors. there's been commanders in afghanistan who just simply say we don't know who the subs of the subs subs are. so you have all these like layers of a contract. a
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level of quality control starts to fade quickly the deeper you go from the top to the bottom. united states army and the military in general is so reliant on the private sector i would call it a dependency but we don't know who's the on the ground presence of these companies overseas we just don't know. crazy or not surely it's really crazy in iraq. because since the feds the ice that my fits in iraq every did that was a bombing they bombed
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a village that is iraq it's. every day we have rockets fired. every day how to gunshots every day a bomb in income in income in oh my good if someone's you know let's use damage for all of our god for all of the civil union guys well trained guys. as soon as i originally rock i called my mom i said mom i'm in iraq she said oh what's i said i'm in iraq no no you're kidding i said no moment i'm in iraq i said mom just watch the number what's the number and she watched the number. she was she was just she was yellin oh tell you what you could yeah i said no mom there is no problem here we are saved we are not using a weapon we are you here is does our convince my mom i said we are doing just domestic walk in iraq she told all the neighbors around so my son he's in iraq you
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know he's doing. cooking job not knowing that we were born. just after the war and surveil you know i couldn't make it up because there was no job by then. and my friend calls me it's all me that's a. very civic and see they were recruiting guys so-called so it's also iraq if you just use weapons and we are well trained and it come. comply on. the first time i arrive to to this training camp compline iraq together with that
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two white men fan from the security company. driving out in this small truck and what's towards the camp through this forest a landscape not so far away from from the airports and when we enter the camp and get out of the car the first thing we see is this a gun an instructor who isn't shouts of the training out there making the recruits lined up in order to receive these guys from the past security company. came from iraq. with mike in from iraq you said that he needed. a shallow fighter supposed to go to your. weapon
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uses only people that. are fighting between iraq. from his young government is there in. equipment was considered a quite good deal in the sense that they could actually take no good troublemakers something away to back for a couple of years and then returning them after two years with money and from the overseas deployment this could surf to stabilize security. and the beginning of the training cost of another real weapons presence so they're using the wooden sticks.
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it was first after a couple of days and so the training that the weapons and their well being lined up at the tables within in the middle of the big camp. it was this tension and excitement those attention mainly because now it's actually getting into something very real. for many of the recruits isn't the first time holding a weapon since the ending of the civil war. many were starting to shake and some were even starting to cry when the when the su got the weapons not being able to to handle
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a. compliant backing for iraq. i mean what is coming. from because i thought that we've sort of to know when i'm seeing this and something. most of them are now. of a device. to have born again. i've. walked on. my life where point.
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this young and what has been flipped mainly by young converts and. you're looking for young men to perform minutes with the chance of a quite good that they have also been. owes it to to. well you never can mean i think that actually. it took my father i remember him putting on this love. as a nice metaphor that i would write i will close my heart to. two people or holy shouldn't do you do on she look like just want to know what. you know if he was still with me oh video together he would give you
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a poem they found which was personal i don't know what's right what's he talking about. so i was sure enough to keep. writing. you know. i don't. need to watch you all good and i've got to show you died to have in my time the person if not god every day remember me to you know i've seen my father whom i want i who next i get i would keep. this it's little i'm going to. go. i said no i don't want a tree so i start to i go to this that's a used in this. stuck in my boat. in my boat is
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that bond among your can drop just as it cried for more to the comic she forgets about you or your motor so i start says. cool in my heart. when i was young. at a lot of things that i've been seeing there. a lot of day which is no good for you monday. because. of the job you have you come on down. on her before you have to do it by denny don't you two have been killed.
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when we think of war and the war you're right so we have this image. of a man and uniform. and uniform means they're fighting as part of a military serving a nation because if they fight for their force political patriotism and yet when you look at the wars of the twenty first century they don't match those assumptions anymore now we have outsourced a lot of our warfare to private military companies. the background of this changing nature of war and fights that dates back to the very start of the private military
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industry itself as. until the early ninety's the street is a document key industry. right mercenaries who are bringing down governments for the cash can you explain what exactly sound fine internationally is and what you do and. learn. it is a company that provides military consultancy services for governments or large corporations . at the time the idea was to get very posh english officers on top of these private military companies and tim spicer was an officer in the military and british military he got out and was asked to come help
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with a company called sandline. two spices a rival gave an almost instant sense of respectability to what had previously been a mess in the world and i don't personally have any difficulty would mostly i just don't like the image that comes out in most people's mind the first time it seems vice i was interviewing him for a newspaper the washington charming public school educated god's office and that really wasn't massively a feature of the construe before then it changed the agenda of the global agenda almost a profit your company was. tim spicer was considered a respectable head of a mercenary organization but at first his business affairs it didn't go too well it was dogged by failure for example he got a phone call from a fellow indian with a tie passport who was under house arrest for
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a financial scandal and he contacted tim spicer and wanted him to restore the president of syria. once the president surely and was back in power this guy would then get his contracts for diamonds and be able to make money . but it didn't work out that way. the company started life run by tips by survival on a couple hundred fifty patients by customs and excise and he's accused just smuggling weapons illegally. when i. i would firm gets involved in foreign politics for the benefit of a criminal if you have to stop and ask ok did this really happen or is this the fictitious you know james bond type story but as it was a true story. these things tended to happen says jim speiser government and that he'd always somehow managed to get a signed the recently retired british commander who had
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a band of ministers is safely back in this country so has this put him up his new career as a hired gun going to continue with this new new business of heroes sandline international well i think we've got to a number of lessons to learn from this particular. episode i think that we will continue to try and develop our business as long as we can do it in a. sensible way. sandline eventually collapsed under the weight of bad publicity. was that a failure in the short term you could say that was not a successful company in terms of delivering enormous amounts of money to its shelves and so forth to firstly. it launched him spice on a career where he was able to found what would then become one of the most significant problem if you companies in the world. he just.
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laughs thank god. the new era in television news. because its agencies are tossed to do things in secret that are on the list we had actual victims who had survived torture detention and saying this was the cause of my arrest if you would. just stay with us. i got this conviction that everyone has a deep reservoir of time i'm going to have to give them the opportunity to wonderful things start to look at the actual distance there's at least twenty thousand for him to refugees who live here we badly need at these moments to the ship until president hosni mubarak has resigned donald trump is going to be the next president retaliation with how they got. back she finally canisters of gas i
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just want to believe that western prevent the media getting anywhere it was good for the thank. god. he achieved something that never happened before. with over forty thousand people killed under his rule it took twenty five years to bring him to a court of law. but why for so long with such a brutal dictator considered an ally of the west we were reporting to the congress and to the press they were engaged in a clandestine. al-jazeera unravels the history of chad's notorious former president the same have a great dictator on trial at this time on al-jazeera. hello
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i'm barbara starr in london these are the top stories on al-jazeera me and more and bangladesh say that they've signed the deal for the repatriation of range of refugees bangladesh officials say the refugees will start returning home in two months but may have more hasn't specified how many will be allowed back in more than six hundred thousand range or have crossed into bangladesh since the military crackdown began in orcus. yemen's main international airport hasn't reopened at this by the saudi led coalition saying that it would the military alliance had announced it would allow humanitarian aid into sana airport and the seaport of data they'd be facing increasing pressure from the u.s. and the u.n. to lift the blockade. fears are growing for forty four crewmembers aboard a missing argentinian submarine the argentine navy says what could have been an explosion was heard near the last known location of the a r a some one that had been emotional scenes at the mar the plant the naval base where relatives of the
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subs crew are gathering many accuse the government of the liberally keeping them in the dark and letting the crew operate a submarine that was too old. and. the submarine wasn't found but they say it's three thousand meters below the sea so noid they don't tell you anything that's why i say they are swans they are wicked and have been e.p. lighted us they knew about it. the un is urging australia to protect refugees at a detention center used to run in papa new guinea police a man a silent have tried to evict hundreds of refugees who are refusing to leave the prison camp was closed last month after papa new guinea ruled that it was unconstitutional. at least eight people are dead and dozens more injured after a suicide attack in afghanistan's eastern province officials say the explosion in jalalabad targeted a local police commander who was recently dismissed from his job the officer escaped unharmed but two of his children were killed there was no immediate claim
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of responsibility. interpol says it's arrested forty people in a major operation against human trafficking in west africa five hundred people including two hundred and thirty six children were rescued in raids in chad mali mauritania nizkor and senegal the action follows a global outcry sparked by footage of african migrants being sold as slaves in libya those are the headlines child soldiers continues next. when nine eleven occurred everything changed. the contractor content of the armed forces went up astronomically at this hour american and coalition forces are in the early stages of military operations to
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disarm iraq. ideologically republicans my party wanted every single public function to be scrutinized analyzed evaluated and if possible privatized general shinseki the head of the us army at the time testified to congress and said if we're going to do iraq it's going to take several hundred thousand u.s. troops and very quickly the rest of the bush administration reacted negatively and he's absurd that's crazy it's not going to require those amount of troops and they actually simply drummed him out of the military it turned out he was right we did deploy several hundred thousand forces it was just through private military.
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so in the early days of iraq it was a gold rush you had companies coming out of nowhere including blackwater who was really like a cowboy a wild wild west where nobody had any control anybody doing anything with firearms in this country could say their private military company. was an a.t.m. for these companies well the basic idea of a contractor versus recruiting. training in supporting military vets is that there is room hiring a prostitute or getting married. so instead of a soldier who has an x. cost of a year now being a contractor who's being paid eight times ten. well what has happened is that america has basically married a prostitute and has been active in them for a very long period was almost as if it was. you
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to keep with you it's not invade a country is going to be a good thing. but none of you know right you just heard you run the government i'm working with you on this and we will get a real movies where it's very. contractors offer some gray area benefits to politicians everybody's concerned like we have a thousand boots the ground nobody ever asks how many contractors there is don't like our goods on the ground. here so if the us military wanted to put one thousand boots on the ground and there's four thousand contractors it's a way of you know having force of five thousand but without politically risk. trying to meet. you're shooting at you next to you yes yeah
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he was but you didn't bang bang so did did you get a skirt shoot for that shine for you in ricocheted his car but. that's exactly. right it's only right once. the security companies had the sensitivity of something as civilians would often if not always. get caught in the crossfire. what governments have always done is they would do two things at once. you fight and you win hearts and minds. private and she took it didn't do to. try this comes on the ground opening fire they were very very noticeable they would play
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rock music that in this was not there was no subtlety to this this is not a even the military with most discreet in the five security companies and so they were as they were very very public slap in the face for the average iraqi on a daily basis. to real problem for the military so we felt the contractor presence in iraq in particular but afghanistan too was becoming contrary to what the mission was for the armed forces there for their presence was more danger than it was help them. oh yeah. every turn around the traffic circle. they're probably trying to get away.
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from the problem was that we had all of these different private military companies running around we outsourced too quickly and they weren't cord needed both in contract terms but also in on the ground operational terms so what is your answer to a problem of outsourcing. outsource more we outsourced it to a private military company to coordinate. these use of contracts in iraq and was to oversee the communication coordination for all of the privacy of your companies on the ground. in effect it meant that they were the general in charge of all of the private contractors. now that point the u.s.
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military was the largest machine presence in iraq but if you added together all of the private military contractors spies was effectively in charge of the second largest armed force in iraq. the presence in iraq was relatively stable for years one. video which was posted on you tube from the contract who is. following a gun while playing rock music. on its way. but no legal actions were taken. very rapidly each is such a machine huge company. and it made to spy certain extremely healthy now and.
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the majority of americans now think it was a mistake to go to war in iraq public support for the war is falling war americans want the troops to come home. in a brief ceremony on a base on the edge of baghdad the united states took down the flag of its command here to mark the end of the military mission. the u.s. money was starting to be pulled out of the iraqi. field operations and the industry had to go through a very complicated reset. those companies had to realize that they weren't going to get that level of money again and so they had to offer different. deals. that meant they would have to hire cheap the soldiers.
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let me. know when the loophole to war. yeah. i'm. so mad. and. all the usual. and if you're hardly going. to get it
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i. would miss this. i'm going in and. out. of. the street. if the long sleeve could see. them. better than.
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i did. before harm. innocent people. in front of plastic. droplets. sometimes they will give you just my church which is not some shop we are by even if you can. see it will whatsoever depressing can feel it more than the experts in here you know the. story the life. that i think when i was just.
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work undertaken but he just is carried out to the highest standards of fashionable competence and integrity when we first started into theater we were briefed on peruvian and colombian guards and the natural question you ask is so what do you
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pay for these folks and you know at the time and i'm playing off memory cells but i'm pretty good at that that was about a thousand to twelve hundred dollars and then oh i don't know six months a year ago it became. god and guards at about eight hundred dollars a month and we doused the question of security companies because of those lowest price technically acceptable rushed to the bottom of this what some call it. white whale gone it's now versus proving some columbia i'm sorry so we don't have a chance to get the award unless we use a god and because there are two to four hundred dollars less ammo in this most recent trip the company that is winning all the awards that had this let's first start heard of well we've got a good strategy we're using sierra leonean and so you ask the question so so what are we paying informants but two hundred fifty dollars a month. you know i guess rhetorically i don't expect to be answered you know to come and go lower could we find someone it's like we'll do it for boardroom you
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know that has such a terrible country that maybe they'll just go out of the country and be a free security guard i mean that's pretty inexpensive i say that it sounds facetious but it's real. no you get what you pay for. the original goal was not to bring soldiers or exogenous from the poorest countries on earth but the u.s. system requires that you pick the lowest bidder so that became the status quo in iraq to have multiple layers of foreigners as long as you're in the army and you meet certain criteria and sometimes you don't have to be in the army to meet this criteria. companies self interest is different than national self
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interest companies are profit maximizes what they do that's natural. right now. what do you do if you know you have somebody from the philippines working for an american private all try company in afghanistan who kill somebody what jurisdiction does that person fall under we don't know.
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in about fifteen countries i've been involved in programs to reintegrate children who have served in armed forces. it's a contradiction in terms on the one hand western countries have pumped large sums of money into the reintegration of former child soldiers but now we have governments like us supporting these so-called security companies that recruit people and continue their exposure to violence and their identities as perpetrators of violence and as soldiers that make it impossible to ever reintegrate into civilian life. at one time indeed all kids came into account to kill a lot of. hours on top of the time. looking down we had to explain. i think about doing when people are dying on the street.
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explosions all over the city not anytime had a gunshot had a bomb or watch a very explosion i think about my going to watch happens every four. when he brought you not. the first team for. iraqi demonstrators and intended to become. full force. the the. shots and i remember. the wall and this is what's happened in sudan you see. you know. people running to come you can't do.
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that fighting for what's our lights or what have you fighting for you know. my feeling is that you often don't use you know it's not going well because the one . justice you don't have. it may seem like an act of free well it is not young people in sierra leone have no jobs they're desperate to feed themselves and their families and result is that it becomes harder and harder to ever find their way back. and they may plant seeds of violence wherever they go. it is well known that young people who have extensive histories of violence and being fed drugs and manipulated over time to develop problems of impulsivity high levels of
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aggression. you know we pride ourselves on being a moral people trying to do the right thing what we're doing is we're exploiting people using young people child soldiers deliberately send them into the jaws of combat and further violence nothing could be worse for these young people nothing could be worse for security. there's a close connection between this industry and policymakers. these private military firms really poach a retired general officer as an admiral from the armed forces. because they have connections. right.
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i say that it sounds facetious but it's real. you know you get what you pay for. private security industry will continue to act for us and you're going to see private companies in the training gauging in warfare.
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people care a lot when you're a dead soldier or dead marine shows up in this country and we start asking ourselves why did they die why do what were they fighting for nobody bothers to ask about that contractors.
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every american who serves joins an unbroken line of heroes i'm awed by their sacrifice. when in good time and not allow anything i'm going to i haven't got i'm going to i'm not a fool you bag you in kind of. harming the family unit. who to be got in on me what they need to guide. there's no one going to go out and protest in the streets of a contractor's kill. country still exercises its foreign policy the use of force and violence in these four regions but is using proxies contractors third country nationals and in
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obscuring their role. you think of that you gained it in the rack i did some missions here we'll end up in afghanistan it's really your money and your tax money. doing it but making sure the politicians don't get in trouble. private military contractors makes a decision to go to war a lot easier. as part of ending a war responsibly is standing by those who fought it.
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december on al-jazeera we look back at twenty seventeen through the eyes of five
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families have been affected by some of the big stories of the yeah in an increasingly polarized world people in sheds light on the darkest abuses of authority ten days of comprehensive coverage about nuclear arsenals around the globe and the impact they have on the diplomatic stage a special program dedicated to this year's nobel peace prize laureates i can and they push of a nuclear weapon free world and we look ahead to the big stories that could dominate the headlines in twenty eight. december on al-jazeera. hello once again we have to report it's remarkably warm in some parts of australia adelaide eastwards temps have been well not record values but consistently ten eleven degrees above where they should be one small they will be eventually
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a break down that cold front is the edge of a change in wind direction as a result the i would go from the nice reds to the yellows it's not cold but this is some of us so it's going to a bit of a shock. still a twenty five with some storms possible in the halter just to the east melbourne just dips below thirty mach twenty five is probably pessimistic we've seen something of a heat wave in tasmania as well thirty three still in melbourne comes out today adelaide back up to twenty four mark says not huge variation in day to day here has been cooler through south australia recently and purse is still sitting about twenty six with showers in britain in land as well as to new zealand just watch the satellite picture clouds coming dying from the tropical north it is for the look of it mostly it's the warm weather might be brought to my even be neck here on the coast for a while but it settles this circulation means pressure is high that's the picture for friday saturday is rather similar the obvious thing still being the cloud.
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young rich and famous in china one of the news goes behind the great chinese fire wall to meet the cyber celebs of a booming multibillion dollar business. but this time on al-jazeera. al-jazeera. and for us.
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