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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  December 4, 2017 2:00am-3:00am +03

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for that fact even the story of creative got on the invisible wall this month this time on al-jazeera donald trump has rescinded fine aid to charities that perform actively promote abortion people and paladin scholars the consequence is a us president spends strength can have on countless lives around the globe he's completely insurance against union strike people will go and see a bush and those people believe trump and the ethics of foreign aid at this time on al jazeera. this is al-jazeera.
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elephant or harvey one i'm come out santa maria welcome to the news hour from al-jazeera. and the news iran called on the who these and that yemen's former president ali abdullah saleh to unite. a lot be careful sorry mr president and watch this donald trump warned against tweeting about the f.b.i. rusher investigation. demir of culture is all set to attend the g.c.c. summits off the deep divisions in the gulf put the annual conference and doubts on the humble text message turns twenty five a look at how s.m.s. changed the way we communicate and what lies ahead. so iran is calling on her the rebels it backs in yemen civil war to overcome recent differences with former president ali abdullah. and unite against
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a common enemy to reach out to hurt the rebels have been battling fighters loyal to salah since wednesday and dozens of people have been killed this is a key shift in yemen's civil war which has pitted the rebel alliance against the saudi their military coalition the going back to two thousand and fifteen but on saturday announced he was open to talks with the saudis who. called the move a coup and warn saudi arabia and its allies will pay a heavy price for treason and now the who say they fired a cruise missile towards the united arab emirates which is part of that saudi led coalition the u.a.e. denies its territories been targeted though more on all of this now from charlotte . a missile launching from yemen i didn't bring nuclear reactor at least that's what who the fighters say is happening in this video uploaded by the military media center. has been
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a large a full range rocket of the crew towards a life military target importance of the coordination of the iraqi military internally the former president. and his militias into a clear division inside yemen despite the fact that they were unable to sustain any military political or economic gains in yemen or. abu dhabi denies this video was authentic saying there was no missile launch or interception what can be verified is fighting in the capital sana'a. five days of combat between former allies former president ali abdullah saleh and the dozens have been killed so struck an alliance with the who face after a popular uprising ended his thirty three years rule in two thousand and twelve together they took control of sana'a now they're tearing the city apart. snipers are on rooftops and residential areas while tanks are place. commutes on
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city streets the u.n. says fighting is so severe medical teams cannot get to the injured and people cannot leave their homes this report see a win is trying to evacuate at least one hundred forty aid workers that fighting has cut off the port road they have also being coalition airstrikes on santa airport. the coalition bolstered by the new support of the former presidents have doubled down on the iranian backed who thinks the iranian embassy was hit by a rocket on saturday and then who think controlled territory in yemen's north the coalition air strike killed at least a dozen people. if. they targeted my house while there were eighteen to twenty guests my whole family was inside as well as all our cattle everything is gone there's nothing left. but tehran has told salai to rejoin the who the alliance against the coalition says he just wants a quick game to the conflict which is
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a volved into the world's largest humanitarian crisis whether his motivations are stick or a power play or as unclear as whether the who things really did more to miss on abu dhabi dallas al-jazeera. to other news and both democrat and republican politicians are warning the u.s. president donald trump against his constant tweeting on the investigation into alleged russian meddling in the twenty six thousand election on sunday trump tweeted that he never asked former f.b.i. director james comey to stop investigating his former national security advisor michael flynn he blamed the so-called fake news for covering lies coming testified in june that trump had in fact spoken to him about. flynn is unsupported guilty to lying to the f.b.i. about his contacts with russia he insists he was asked to do so by a senior member of trump's transition team and then in a second tweet president troubles are launched an attack on the f.b.i. he said its reputation is in tatters and called the organization quote the worst in
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history i see it in the hyper frenetic attitude of the white house that comments every day the continual tweet. and i see it most importantly in what happened with the firing director called me and it is my belief that that is directly because he did not agree to lift the cloud of the russian vested geisha that's obstruction of justice his dynasty broke in washington d.c. to talk us through some of us had no great surprise to hear a democrat dianne feinstein saying that she questioned donald trump's but this is going across party lines it seems. it is and you know kemal every time the president tweets or nearly every time he tweets he tends to get himself in trouble and this tweet yesterday was particularly troubling because up until yesterday the
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president claimed that he hired mike flynn back in february because he had lied to vice president mike pence about these conversations with the russians now he say well know also it was because he lied to the f.b.i. which raises questions about what did the president know did he know that there was an f.b.i. investigation which is why dianne feinstein raised the question of obstruction of justice because just a couple of days after lynn was fired the president then said you know allegedly said to komi could you go easy on flynn he's a good guy now today has the president backpedaled a little bit of the white house backpedal to say well actually that tweet was fashioned by his one of his attorneys still people within his own party today took him to task for that tweet yesterday i would just say this there's an ongoing criminal investigation coming maybe part of it you tweeting comment regarding
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ongoing criminal investigations at your own peril i would be careful for you mr president watch this just as a bit of background and where are we with regards to the rush or investigation mike flynn has pleaded guilty is it a case of just waiting for the next move from special counsel robert. exactly what dating for the next shoe to drop this is an ongoing investigation it could be going for months now it is proceeding fairly quickly and there is speculation that with this guilty plea that flynt entered on friday that. robert mueller may be close to potentially indicting somebody even closer to the president. dynasty works in washington d.c. we thank you for bringing us up to date there. here is what's coming up for you on this news hour. palestinian's amid reports of president trump plans to recognize tourism as the capital of israel also. i'm john hendren on the detroit river in the
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only floating postal code in the united states. and sport is the new formula season gets started we'll look into whether electric car racing is the future of motor sport. as foreign minister says the a mistake to mean they will attend the gulf cooperation council meeting in kuwait on tuesday the regional alliance the g.c.c. is facing its worst crisis in decades as the saudi that blockade of qatar enters its seventh month the foreign minister mohammad been on the high note that he says he hopes the palm will provide a blueprint for ending the standoff with the support. kuwait has been the mediator in the gulf diplomatic crisis that began in early june the country is now getting ready to host a meeting of the gulf cooperation council invitations have been sent out to gulf
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leaders but it's still not known for sure who will attend since the beginning of the blockade on qatar kuwait. has attempted to end the dispute in october he warned of the potential collapse of the g.c.c. if the crisis continues many analysts agree this is i think the middle quite knows very well that the crisis actually for a long we are going to see probably two blocks within the g.c.c. one is led by saudi arabia and it. will actually have. to a lesser extent probably kuwait. so we'll be having been to see a lot of that one asked on saturday about the gulf diplomatic crisis at the international mediterranean dialogue conference in rome of those foreign ministers schiff mohamed when i. said it was important for countries to work together you need to reach a level of understanding going security principles that everybody is. and everybody
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should and should be committed to and then from there we've been. on it on the next system for a lot of the cooperation the foreign minister added that the gulf regions collective security had been threatened by the measures taken by the blockading countries i think. he's involved. with this is something up i would not do about it has made it clear many times a by the by other they cannot actually accept a thought that they want a negotiation they want. concessions by all sides actually to solve the crisis the blockading countries of saudi arabia the you. way eba hereon and egypt have accused cutout of supporting terrorism maintaining cordial relations with iran and meddling in the internal affairs of their countries allegations the company government has strongly denied other maintains there is no legitimate justification
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for the actions taken by the four nations calling their decision a violation of its sovereignty the last time father played host to a gulf cooperation council summit it was in two thousand and fourteen back then no one could have foreseen this kind of crisis now just three years later the g.c.c. may have arrived at a defining moment on the cusp of a hugely important summit that many observers believed would not be happening this year. but the u.s. defense secretary james mattis is currently in kuwait as part of his two a to bolster partnerships with middle east countries in the region he'll head to pakistan on monday where he's expected to push officials there to do more to combat troops on the taliban the first i'm going to do it do some listening like i always do my goal is to find common ground we know we have some common ground they have lost. one hundred thousand of their troops. killed and wounded by terrorists
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they have lost hundreds of thousands of their innocent people burgard and wounded by terrorists so we know that there's common ground. now the palestinian authority is calling for emergency talks over the possibility of the u.s. embassy in israel being moved from tel aviv to jerusalem the arab league and the oh i see the organization of islamic cooperation are being asked to host the meeting israel's government considers all of jerusalem its capital of course the palestinians are hoping that east jerusalem would be the capital of any future palestinian state the palestinian authority leader president mahmoud abbas has warned of a quote new dangerous phase if the united states were to move its embassy and to recognize jerusalem as israel's capital or donald trump son in law and white house adviser jared cushion or says the president is still weighing up the matter he's
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still looking at a lot of different facts and that when he makes his decision. he'll be the one to want to tell you not me so. i'll make sure he does that at the right time so much going on with donald trump at the moment so many controversies but he is expected to announce this decision in a speech on wednesday just a couple of days from now israel's communications minister has already spoken about it though and says the announcement from donald trump when it comes would send a clear signal to the rest of the world and. i think that a u.s. president donald trump knows and understands the needs of the region and by validating jerusalem is the eternal united capital of the state of israel it's something that declared and wanted and i think by implementing it is sending an important message. we've got to larf remember this now president of the foundation for middle east peace joining us from washington d.c. and we thank you for your time walt sort of message do you think it will send if
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donald trump doesn't even make this decision. look i mean it's a question that everyone is asking is there's the question first of all what the decision will be he can do nothing he can announce that he's moving the embassy and have some sort of timetable for that he could announce something about recognizing jerusalem or some part of jerusalem as israel's capital you know either of those two last you know moves will be highly significant unprecedented and the impacts on the ground remain to be seen but they seem by all analyses of the palestinians the situation the region there are dire and they don't achieve anything this is this would be a hollow policy shift that would only bring negative consequences and achieve nothing positive for the u.s. or for the effort to achieve peace so it's probably more about as it often is with president trump him and fulfilling a promise that he made on the campaign trail and saying well i'm doing something
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which no other u.s. president has done perhaps i mean every president pretty much has promised this on the campaign trail and like every president mr trump walked that back the first time six months ago when this came up and i think there's a good chance that he'll find some way to fudge it again and not actually do it the question is if he doesn't go all the way this time what will he do instead to try to show these somehow different and it will that be just as bad for the prospects of peace and the prospects for for regional stability and all that and then there's a question even if we dodged the bullet this time what will happen in six months. what can the palestinians do i mean they're asking for a meeting this saying the arab league or the oh i see could hosted i wonder if there's any real power in those organizations to to make an impact does it need a bigger player. you know we just don't know this is a very opaque administration it's difficult to say we know or we most people here
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understand that the last time this came up six months ago it was the intervention of king abdullah of jordan that had a significant impact on president trump's decision not to move the embassy that time it's possible this time if he hears again from king abdullah who is just in washington if he hears from the saudis i don't know what he needs to hear from the palestinians the palestinians are in a weaker position in washington right now than they have been it any time since one thousand nine hundred ninety four when their mission was reopened at the start of the peace process the closure of the potential closure of their mission here now hangs on them responding positively to the president's efforts to bring them back to the table which is blackmail already it isn't at all clear to me what leverage they on their part have on this administration at this point who's on their side who are the again the big players who could step in and support them.
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well i mean the question of i mean i don't know whose side anyone would be on there's been a it has been the conventional wisdom for ever that you know they're there powers in the region may not care that much about the palestinians but their people do and jerusalem specifically is a red line because jerusalem touches on things that are much bigger than the israeli palestinian conflict that has been the conventional wisdom for jordan this is a domestic issue jordan under its treaty with israel is the keeper of the holy sites in jerusalem so what happens there is a domestic issue for jordan for saudi which wants to play a bigger role do the saudi people care about what happens in jerusalem my personal analysis is that yes this makes a difference i don't know we'll see same with egypt the other piece of it is what happens on the ground you know the palestinians are working on reconciliation both and hamas are are working very hard to show that they are relevant leaders and
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relevant in challenging israeli policies that are anathema to palestinian interests so my understanding is that fatah and hamas are already talking about what the joint the joint response would be if the announcement on wednesday is bad on jerusalem and what that really would mean on the ground in terms of potentially a really a groundswell of opposition like we haven't seen a groundswell of demonstrations on that we haven't seen maybe in a very very long time for for even we thank you for your analysis on this topic thank you so much. you're welcome thanks for having me the former egyptian prime minister ahmed shafik has appeared on television to announce he is still considering his presidential bid its first appearance since arriving in cairo on saturday the former prime minister has been based in abu dhabi since losing to mohamed morsy back in twenty twelve his family said earlier they feared he'd been kidnapped which if it led to denied an income of leader abdel fattah el-sisi is
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widely expected to seek another term a wave of syrian air strikes have killed at least nineteen civilians in eastern the quote near damascus the area's been under siege by the syrian army since twenty thirteen about four hundred thousand civilians are believed to be trapped there those who have managed to escape are living in makeshift camps more on this from one hundred. on an open field just outside the city of hama displaced syrian families have set up camp they are part of the now familiar does from syrian cities and from government forces the weeks of them fled panicked defenseless in the face of talks and with little hope of spite all we leave. there are thirty to forty tents here two to three families live in every tent the are no toilets running water or schooling for the kids we don't have much. they joined the ranks of millions of city and sold most the homes in the conflict. this
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is the hardest to any old is the old. despite us says find some it is the war cry and. the aerial bombardments trail is still tiny once vibrant neighborhoods into decrypted shells hold their foremost selves the government insists it's protecting the people getting sold on terrorists based in residential areas but often it's the civilians who are right. when about the bombs land it's the syrian civil defense force or why thomas will come to the rescue rushing in to free the injured and recover the dead that job is as green as it is done jews food shortages are also adding to the misery of cities and borders you know. we haven't eaten since last night we had rockets falling throughout for the sake of god this has to stop.
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dozens of civilian side pull to drop in killed in recent. talks by government forces in istanbul. the un. egland ses five hundred people with i didn't medical needs have to be of a is done with. the people of syria say the victims of a crime committed by those charged with protecting them briefly they defied the. prize and crushed these international outrage about what's happening in syria but no agreement on how to bring these two on and mohamed atta well just. residents of the home during capital tegucigalpa are preparing for more protests following a disputed presidential election. a week of violent clashes left three people dead in fighting between opposition supporters and security forces the electoral commission is actually yet to declare
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a winner so as of now president won a london hand as it is now early ahead of the opposition candidate salvador and his supporters say that some of the results though been manipulated and not time curfew has been imposed across the country let's go to tegucigalpa now man i was reporting for us from there a week now man what are we any closer to an actual decision do you think. well actually only a short while ago we did hear from the electoral commission saying that they have resumed the process of that special recount of the both of the votes but what we've been hearing all day long from people that we've been speaking to on the ground people at these peaceful demonstrations that we've been attending is what they want one hundred citizens one is transparent elections regardless of the outcome they will respect it as long as these elections are transparent so today again a week after the general election people took to the streets once again demanding just that take away. the. protesters made their way across the city
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of they can see on sunday answering a call by opposition leaders who have asked supporters across the country to march there are thousands of people on the streets of the city demanding that the national elections commission coming up with the decision they're also calling for under president. to step down. demonstrators express a general mistrust of the national elections commission making the job of international observers all the more valuable. than we when the recount no matter who wins we will accept it but not with election fraud. we want to allow them to be present and we want to wait. and we want to remove this repressive government the people of honduras have woken up and we are tired of what's been done to us over the last eight years. there's a large military presence in the city enforcing a strict six p.m.
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curfew the hundred military's response to a wave of violence and looting that gripped the country in recent days at least three people were killed and dozens others injured it's now been a week since the general election and while peace has returned to the city the concern remains that as long as the political limbo continues violence could spark up once again. so six p.m. curfew as you say by my count it's coming up half past five in the evening is there a concern that the situation can get more violent. when we are losing daylight hours as you said that curfew will be taking place once more the interesting thing about the curfew itself is that we if you look around the city of to buy and you look around the rest of honduras really that wave of violence that spread across the country has quelled since that curfew took effect but most people that we've spoken to regardless of their political affiliation will agree that they that they don't like the curfew they are saying that that the curfew is unfair that
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it's unjust because it does. suspend certain constitutional rights afforded to honduran citizens but the people that we spoke to even though at times those protests today seemed tense people did leave before before dark and and it does seem that from our vantage point that it is on the back of everyone's mind that that violence the chaos those those those those the looting could actually start up again if this if this process continues to stall ok it's ok if you're there and take as you go thank you. we've got more ahead for you on this news hour including this tension mounted. way. we'll look at why britain says its nuclear weapons actually help keep the peace. i'm turning a page reporting from cape town on the world's first successful transplant which happened. and it's one of the world's most extreme.
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enters its longest day back with that and more tonight. across central parts of the u.s. the over the next couple of days. of lake effect snow as well as a fountain the moment just easing across the rockies beneath the plot and that will drive its way through the northern plains towards midwest as we go on through monday some heavy downpours certainly a possibility and on the other side of the southerly wind where we pick up that moisture it gets dumped over the colder and colder ground into central and eastern parts of canada one terrier quebec seeing a fair bit of snow over the next seven and a little just make a little further race was clouding over full the eastern seaboard but still getting
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out into double figures fifteen sixteen seventeen degrees for new york and for the say we'll see a similar body there for san francisco last we can see some fine and dry and bright and sunny weather there for the pacific northwest and western parts of canada but a dry bright and sunny weather to into the caribbean at the moment. will push a few showers towards the western side of the caribbean panama regular costa rica still seeing some rather lively showers as we go through monday and on into tuesday heavy downpours you know just across southern parts of the region by that stage but looking fine and dry for the greater antilles i'm not too bad weather east. if you were in beijing looking out the pacific ocean you'd see american warships when mess somehow time is aiming to replace america and around the world the
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chinese are not that stupid these guys want to dominate a huge chunk of the planet this sounds like a preparation for our first president george washington said if you want peace prepare for war the coming war on china at this time. when the news breaks it was an announcement if you were expecting to hear by announce my resignation as prime minister from the lebanese government and the story builds i can't stop thinking about the bullets my life when people need to behead a mass exodus hundreds of thousands of injust have fled ethnic cleansing in mean march for bangladesh al jazeera has teams on the ground to bring you more award winning documentaries and live news on air and on line.
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here on the news hour here at al-jazeera and these are the top stories the rebels in yemen say they're fighting a cruise missile towards the united arab emirates though the u.s. is denying its territory has been targeted also iran is calling on the hook is on the ousted president ali abdullah saleh to reconcile out of the former allies start fighting with. democrat and republican politicians a warning us president of the trump against his constant tweeting i say talking about the investigation into alleged russian meddling in last year's election could land him in trouble. and cut his foreign minister says the a mastectomy. and how middleton he will attend the gulf cooperation council meeting in kuwait on tuesday the regional alliance is facing its worst crisis in decades as the saudi head of culture enters seventh month or. so back to our top story now the
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conflict in yemen it has its origins in the failure of a political transition following the arab spring in two thousand and eleven the uprising forced out the longtime president ali abdullah saleh and triggered a complicated struggle for power. explains. in many ways the conflict in yemen underlines the contradictions and rivalries of a post arab spring middle east it was all about reinstating the authority of. the heady the internationally recognized yemeni president he had risen to power after the popular uprising in two thousand and eleven taking over from his boss. who had led the country for three decades had to struggle to impose his authority in a country riddled with poverty the spread of armed groups and corruption he also couldn't fend of the rising influence of the who thiis who had taken control of the northern province of saddam and the capital sanaa. once at odds the iranian backed
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who these and deposed president who still had the support of many in the military became allies and were planning a total takeover of the country. but more than two years later neither side appears close to achieving a military victory and the political cards are being shuffled once again the tactical alliance between the who's the supporters was fragile at best both being highly suspicious of each other's motives but united by the same desire to overthrow the had the administration. former president ali abdullah saleh now says he's open to talks with the saudi that coalition if it will put an end to the fighting and the locate while they need to lift the blockade and open the airport and allow food and medicine into the country we will open a new page for them for dialogue what is happening in yemen is enough. this
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turnaround effectively puts an end to the partnership with the who thiis their leader criticize the move as an attempted coup he's very charismatic in the way that he knows how to to actually go out of his way change one hundred eighty degrees and be very pragmatic in who he. goes into a coalition with and that showed that once again he if it suits him of the timing is right he will do what is necessary to remain in power it's about regime security and he's very good at the probably the who this is that they're an ideological player so they do have a clear belief system they believe in something they have an ideological objective they want to achieve and solid doesn't have that for solid it's pure about purely about interests and it's about establishing or maintaining his power base as president saleh was a close saudi ally and full several times he's also known as a man of great survival x. friends have once again too and into enemies and foes into new allies leaving heavy illegitimate president of yemen in the cold but at the edges here.
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so they want somebody for the nobel peace prize to be held december tenth and picking up the award is i can the international campaign to abolish nuclear weapons a group dedicated to creating a world without nuclear weapons so we've decided to look at the nuclear status of countries in the days leading up to that ceremony and all slug right now looking at the united kingdom the third nation in the world to a ten year clear weapons but there is now strong moral and political opposition to it retaining a nuclear bomb to be philip sounds that story from london inside the control room tension mounted as the circumspect away. the weapon so terrible that britain argued then and now it helps guarantee peace
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nine hundred fifty two it explodes its first nuclear bomb off the coast of australia today its nuclear weapons are exclusively just for supper means at least one of which is always armed at a secret location at sea britain builds the bombs on the submarines but the missiles come from the united states. if relationships between united states united kingdom broke down to such an extent the united states was no longer willing to continue to maintain our missiles then over time and the capability of those missiles would deterioration some stage after a number of years probably in the case of missiles we would have to give up our nuclear force or build our own maintenance capability. this is the site west of london where britain's nuclear weapons are made and it's here that they have been made for many decades and during all that time this place has been
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a focus of protest from peace marches in the fifty's and sixty's to the nearby peace camps of the eighty's amongst all the nuclear states opposition to these weapons has been greatest in britain and prime ministers have preferred to retain an element of doubt as to whether that ever used them which made this debate so unusual is she personally prepared to authorize a nuclear strike kill one hundred thousand innocent men women and children. yes well the whole point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would be prepared. but the leader of the opposition a much more hesitant i am saying there is no circumstances under which you use any circumstances where anyone's are prepared to use a nuclear weapon is disastrous for the whole planet although most british m.p.'s do believe that the threat of use makes britain safer the only time there has been
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a nuclear weapon strike in the world was a time when only one nation held that capacity and so it is in being able to be part of overall nuclear security as we push towards a nuclear free world which is really important but the u.k. can play its most effective role in other words in an unstable world don't expect britain to give up its nuclear weapons any time soon to be phillip's al-jazeera london so this is an ongoing series next we will be looking at china's nuclear arsenal beijing carried out its first nuclear test back in one thousand nine hundred sixty four and has increased its stockpile ever since and the number of warheads that is actually a state secret that story later on al-jazeera. thousands of people have been out on the streets of hong kong protesting against what they call all far terry and world by china and demanding the justice secretary's resignation of a crackdown on pro-democracy activists one of the latest my hind the occupy hong
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kong protests three years ago says he will continue to fight even though he's starting a jail sentence next week. disabled people in lebanon are demanding better treatment as they say laws protecting them are rarely followed sunday was observed around the world as the day of persons with disabilities and his tie up has our report from beirut. says the best word to describe him would be competitive. several times a week he comes to this basketball court in central beirut to practice drills he's part of a wheelchair basketball league and also takes part in marathons over the years yousif has won dozens of medals and trophies and says his disability which combines him to a wheelchair has never stopped him from succeeding. i have challenged my disability and i have challenged this society al even i ask every person with a disability to fight and face these obstacles because if we don't fight we will die. use of his part of the lebanese welfare association for the handicapped that
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campaigns for the rights of disabled people according to government statistics around four hundred thousand lebanese live with these abilities and although legislation has been passed to protect them the laws are rarely enforced. those with physical challenges aren't the only ones who are fighting for rights and acceptance those struggling with other disability see big too often ignored and excluded. works in administration at a high end bathroom and kitchen design store in central beirut he was born with down syndrome and has been working there for the past four years says he loves his job. and here. runs the company he
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says some of his staff were initially uncomfortable with the idea of having a colleague who is disabled something he believes is common for most workplaces in lebanon but soon after she started working there attitudes began to change had a bill. for all of us he's a catalyzer of good spirit of joy. and we have any feeling great and great for force had been that is among us. says despite all of his awards and medals because of his disability he still doesn't feel fully accepted by society and that others like him are still too often excluded from work and other opportunities which is why until that changes continue his fight for the rights of all disabled people in lebanon. i'll just say what it is fifteen years since the world's first successful heart transplant the
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operation carried out by dr christian i don't hospital in cape town. the transplant technique had first been used on the dog in the united states a decade before dr janet was the first human. or his operation was the first human to human transplant during the operation the heart from a twenty five year old woman was given to a fifty three year old man despondent success the patient louis can ski died of pneumonia eighteen days later his new heart function normally until his death but the rejection drugs weakened his immune system which led to the development of better transplant drugs and dr bond went on to perform more procedures by the late seventy's seventy's and many of his patients were living up to five years with the new hot its first transplant operation is still generating groundbreaking ideas today as well as tony i've had reports. crotty scale hospital is home to a museum dedicated to the world's first heart transplant it happened in this room
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under the steady hand of dr christiane barnard who died in two thousand and one the surgery has barely changed in fifty years what has of course dramatically changed is the postoperative immunosuppression post-operative care and that led to from norman survival rate you have today seventy eighty percent of transplant patients living after ten years in one thousand nine hundred sixty seven the first transplant triggered a debate on whether it was ethical all not letters written at the time show a mixed response to the surgery one doctor in the former yugoslavia describes it as the most important event in the history of the human spirit a man in turkey wants to send everyone on the surgical team a new pair of shoes congratulations but some were negative as well one man in a stray or has found a complaint with the place he thanks the operation was illegal and this woman and
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italy say it never men shall be able to replace a human heart as man can't replace god's world half a century later a lack of education and awareness continues to prevent people from bridges storing as organ donors but without them none of these men would be alive today three of them have new hearts the fourth a transplanted kidney we don't have a very strong tradition of people becoming organ donors so why not consider living on through somebody else and giving somebody else a second chance and to weigh in a little it is one legacy of dr barnard pioneering surgery is inspiration the cardiology team at the hospital where he worked is continuing to break new ground just launching a new plastic heart valve that could revolutionize the treatment of remeasured heart disease the significance of what we do now is
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a practical significance because we talk about thirty three million patients. who would otherwise that these trainee nurses have come to be inspired by dr work by looking at the first six hearts he transplanted some see the vital organ as the center of our emotions others as a pump but it's only understood as well as it is because of dr barnard and his teen tiny a page out cape town. sport coming up on the news hour and we'll see how small pollution is here the top level cricket match in india and the with that and the rest. december on al-jazeera we look back at twenty seventeen through the eyes of five families have been affected by some of the big stories of the year in an increasingly polarized world people in power sheds light on the darkest abuses of
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authority ten days of comprehensive coverage about nuclear arsenals around the globe and the impact they have on the diplomatic stage a special program dedicated to this year's nobel peace prize laureates i can and their pursuit of a nuclear weapon free world and we look ahead to the big stories that could dominate the headlines in twenty eighteen. december on al-jazeera. it is twenty five years since the first text message was sent to a foreign service revolutionize not only how we communicate but modern language and
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technology as well will bring in takes a look back. twenty five years ago human communication changed forever in the u.k. a software engineer used his computer to send the first of a text message to a mobile phone just two words merry christmas it was the beginning of a true revolution a revolution not just in technology but also in language and the way we communicate at first text message or s.m.s. sure that mobile phones were capable of much more than just voice calls today's smart phone apps have their origins all way back with that eureka moments of the first text of the limitations of s.m.s. inspired the heavily abbreviated new language and more recently the rise of the m o g now in two thousand and seven u.k. users sent sixty six billion text messages by two thousand and twelve it was one hundred fifty one billion but by twenty fifteen internet based tech services like
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whatsapp and messenger were overtaking s.m.s. in twenty fifteen what's happened messenger together handled sixty billion messages a day that's nearly three times more than the twenty three billion texts sent through s.m.s. and twitter of course a direct descendant of the original s.m.s. is now the world's window into the mind of the united states president so has the text message had its day well perhaps but it'll never really disappear because in an emergency even if you've got no wife i know three g. connection you can still send a simple text very good point where it was the software engineer who sent that first text and says even though the technology has changed the information conveyed is still the same. back then it was just it was just a day's work it was something i was paid to do you know by my company it's come down here show the software that we developed show that it works send a message and at the end of the day it works we were just doing what what we were meant to do and you know i i came away from that just just happy that what we try
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to do with work it's not you know i haven't dreamed what we want straight would become today kind of thing we implemented that managed to get that first text back in december one thousand two and it hasn't made me rich you know i wish i'd had like point zero zero zero zero one of a penny for every text message that's been sent but unfortunately i don't so i think people are just going to still keep texting really i mean whatever media may use either a text on a phone or what's apple messenger. you know how much more do we need to. take to get over here you know the. great uses for texting or things like you know i'll be home in twenty minutes or i'm going to be late and why why do we need to make that more complicated you know now you've got there is you've got those great things on your phone where sometimes send your message and and your family is going to pick you want to three responses and instead of saying i'm going to be late you know
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it's only on the screen you just tap it once so i guess you know the apps are getting smarter but what's getting sent over the text messaging is you know i think it's pretty much going to remain the same sports fans now here's andy. thank you very much or manchester city have reestablished their eight point lead at the top of the english premier league they did so by beating west ham having gone behind they equalised three nicklaus autumn and the and with less than ten minutes to go david silva got the winner the win means city of eight called asked and chelsea's record of thirteen consecutive wins in a single premier league season. it's up in the last three games is not as it would be today alone a little bit like a moment you could argue we do for him because we blew it to a stroke were normally these which were struggles in doing those. to attack this kind of defense image better for us and so with good good news for me for the future here's how the top of the table is looking at leaders city undefeated but united can cut the gap next sunday when the two manchester teams play each other
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now struggling italian team ben of and so had to keep it a thanks for their first ever point alberto bring your only ventured forward for a free kick and headed home an injury time equaliser against ac milan it ended better then so is at record breaking run of fourteen straight defeats in italy's top league. now the fourth season of formula erasing is just got under way in hong kong this is the series that uses only electric powered cars let's have a listen to what they sound like. why the role of a traditional petrol engine but organizers believe they can generate a marketable sporting product and help speed up the development of electric cars for regular road users b.m.w. audi and jackie were of already involved while pushing the sadie's assets to join in the future. the series began in twenty fourteen with a race in beijing's olympic park there are ten teams consisting of twenty drivers
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over a seven month season they race on street circuits in eleven cities because of a top speed of around two hundred twenty five kilometers per hour that compares to f one cars which reach three hundred sixty kilometers per hour formally. it's a sport where fans can vote to directly affect the action the street drivers with the most biased found both steven votes received extra power in the second half of the race earlier on we spoke to former economists say to jack nichols who is in hong kong for the start of the season he says the lack of noise can actually make the sport more accessible it is strange to get used to the cars not having noise and when i totally get there is a massive motorsport found i love heard screaming engine deafens me and i can't hear anything for the next few days but you're there for the racing you're there to see who wins you're there for the competition and that all still exists in an environment where people can bring their kids if they want to because they're going
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to have to wear ear defenders and all of that swimming and you can run it in the hope you would never been able to run in the center of hong kong an event that used to really loud engines that sort of woke up the whole city every time they went out there is just not possible so. for the strangeness of not having the noise the positives you get back to the locations in which for ease able to race. when former first started essentially all the cars were the same now you are getting more and more big manufacturers coming in spending money building their own power trains electric motors batteries that sort of thing to put in the back of the car and as a result it's just getting bigger and and bigger. home and he was there before it was known to be needed that makes sense when color was a lot people say well why do we need a racing championship for electric cars. in the years since then it's become apparent that audi rendon. course you are joining the championship must who are going to be joining the champ you all need
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a market for your platform on which to market their electric vehicles and i think it's all so much for middle east change it's pretty much the same as it was when it started three years ago it's just getting bigger i don't see it overtaking the one and being the biggest motor sports series in the world simply because of the history the formula one has going back to nine hundred fifty and association that people have with with formula one but i think already has it has a very bright future there's no doubt about that with all these manufacturers coming on board because as i say they have to have somewhere to show off their electric cars and what they can do with electric vehicle technology australia have taken control of the second ashes test against england england finished day two of his first ever day night ashes test on twenty nine for one at this after australia had declared on four hundred forty eight shaun marsh hitting an unbeaten century australia already one up in the series and there's a few nations are. probably going to their nani and.
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just obviously extremely had three hundred my country and to get a hundred is pretty special. it's not impossible school runs in there was a lot of the bet is made starch so it's not impossible the school runs. along to on left in the game so. you know it's it'll be up to want to be are going to go out and make a big school and not just that forty fifty. well one play england could do with is ben stokes the suspended from national g.t. he made a poor return i dare be seen for cancer in new zealand the all rounder outfits. and so i failed to take a wicket with the ball stokes has been barred from england duty while u.k. police investigate an alleged assault he was involved in our small pollution forced three stops in play during the test match between india and sri lanka in delhi sri
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lanka players wearing face masks at one point in an effort to carry on playing the indian capital has been struggling with poor quality for several weeks because coach saying the conditions meant some of his players had to leave the pitch to vomits. it wasn't a case of us wanting to stop we just wanted to have some clarity on the safety of a player you could clearly see the two force bowlers i mean for small things a very high intensity activity and you could clearly see that two guys were struggling to perform negativity when it becomes unsafe i think that's where the conversation started and competitors at one of the world's most extreme foot races have been negotiating it's a longest day a sister event to the legendary marathon basar which takes place in the sahara is ongoing in south america stage four in peru was a seventy kilometers shall arrange the week long event consists of a two hundred forty kilometer route and apart from strictly russian water runners have to carry all their own supplies ok that is a sport is looking for now more lighter. fine if you're the end of your holiday
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period it's a busy time for postal services and those deliveries are easier to make in some areas than others john hendren found out about the challenges faced by one of the most unique postal services in the u.s. . welcome to the world's only floating postal code than the way we go. when cargo ships from around the globe travel the great lakes this boat brings mail and a lifeline will become alongside or just be about us for if that's all right that'll be fine and they don't even have to stop somewhere between detroit and windsor canada a makeshift mailbox plunges down the freighters side when he returns with the daily post. in an instant it's over. there on your porch. april through december if you're on an international freighter going down the detroit river this is the only way to get your mail and while every other postal
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code in the u.s. is fixed zip code for eight two two two goes wherever this boat goes this is captain. scott in eight hundred seventy four jim hogans great grandfather started using a rowboat to ferry messages supplies and later mail to passing ships that a century later the fourth generation owner got the call they had found an opening in the middle of that summer and said hey i need to the south after noon and one thing led to another and here i am forty four years later so the importance of continuing at in the family as his what really makes sense to me now there is no business quite like it throughout the world and in major ports there are boats who do deliveries to ships but the wescott is the only one of its kind that is specifically the extension of the us post office it's got its own zip code it's its own boat and frankly knowing the crew there they're pretty unique to the company
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has delivered. everything from pizza to a donkey this ship sank during a stormy delivery in two thousand and one killing two crew members now the family business is expanding for delivering groceries to some of the ships that go by and i also like to get a few other boats to do some other like charter things if possible just in time for the fifth generation. john hendren al-jazeera detroit. and that is a news hour back with more news for you in just a few moments. right
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. for years japanese have gone into countries lush course for what they call. green or forest baby thirteen years ago dr ching lee was one of the first to conduct research on forest bathing he concluded that the essential oils the trees produce to protect themselves from germs and bugs can boost the human immune system what a lot of find aside or essential oil is found in the forests my research has shown
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that far as trying to size reduces stress hormones and relaxes us in the future the time may come when doctors prescribe a forest instead of medicine the world's largest humanitarian crisis millions caught up in civil war all jazeera world examines the roots of the conflict in yemen and the complex history that drew a country into perpetual time. today a unique field that separation on. the north and the south these dualisms are a part of history. yemen the north south divide this time.

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