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tv   Inside Story 2018 Ep 33  Al Jazeera  February 2, 2018 8:32pm-9:01pm +03

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let's see what happens in our other headlines al-jazeera has obtained a u.n. report which says the saudi led coalition is responsible for the deaths of dozens of children in yemen last summer it says coalition as strikes were responsible for the killing of sixty eight children from july to september the report also points the finger at hoofy rebels blaming them for killing eighteen children it also found that there were at least thirty coalition raids every day some targeting schools and homes the u.s. defense secretary says the syrian government would be ill advised to go back to violating the chemical weapons convention the trump administration is not ruling out military action to deter president assad's forces after a third suspected korean attack in duma in fifteen days dozens of pakistani refugees a feared to have drowned off the coast of libya they were among more than ninety people on a boat which capsized off the city of the wara pakistan's foreign ministry says it's confirm the deaths of eleven of its citizens the international organization
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for migration says three people survived they were all trying to cross the mediterranean to italy you're up to date with all of our top stories do join me for the news hour in twenty five minutes time off to inside story which starts now. they say knowledge is power but education funding is declining worldwide and no way is that more apparent then in sub-saharan africa and the region strained by poverty security issues and child marriages can international organizations come together to close the chapter on the literacy this is inside story.
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and i welcome to the program i'm jane dothan ending poverty often begins with a solid foundation for education but teaching the future leaders of tomorrow is an investment and it's currently more than three billion dollars short at least two hundred sixty four million children and teenagers worldwide aren't receiving the education they need and that is largely due to underfunding the totals around a quarter of the entire population of europe the united nations says children in the poorest countries are nine times more likely to miss school then in rich ones sub-saharan africa has the highest rates of exclusion more than a fifth of six to eleven year olds don't even go to school neither do the third of
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twelve to fourteen year olds almost sixty percent between fifteen and seventeen big problem and to help developing nations reach the goal of educating every child the global partnership for education has been holding a funding conference in san diego because haq has more from bucko. there's been conferences like this before where world leaders and heads of organizations come together to promise to prioritize education and while aid for developing countries has increased in the last decade it has for education in some areas it's even dropped donor countries mostly western countries are donating less towards education it's instead donating money towards climate change or fighting terrorism and this has dramatic effects and junk children across the world two hundred thirty four million children are out of school half of them are young girls we spoke to
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the former prime minister of australia julia guillard who's spearheading this conference and this is what she had to say if we can lift the quality of education then we can make a difference to the long term employability of the children that come out of school if i can kind of reverse the picture we know on current trains that off the one point six million young people they will be a lot in twenty thirty more than half of them will emerge from school if we dine at with less than modest secondary level skills that's no way to get a job in the economy of the twenty first century and there are protests in several countries in west africa in chad in the share and beyond in tunisia and in france teachers taking to the streets asking for better pay and working conditions this conference is zero hoping to raise two billion dollars a year for the next two years for education at stake is millions of children and
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their ability to go to school. let's bring in the panel joined in the studio mary joy she's the director of educates a child it's an initiative set up in cattle with a goal of making sure ten million children get a primary education this year from what he been a young female leader from states in northern nigeria founded the y. the foundation which helps women get an education and via skype from london joseph nana riley the head of education policy and advocacy at save the children very warm welcome to all three of you let me start with you what he been herky because you represent what we are seeing in so many parts of the world particularly in africa the moment somebody you missed the education system but you were lucky enough to get into it and not a success tell us a little bit about your findings and your story. i am one of the privileged young
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girls from that. quality education but that is not the case. that our other girls my age. probably have. and i'm just. that is why i found that. because i was tired of that i was. suffering from this challenge and. then i hadn't but i. get an education. campaign and one is an organization that advocates. access. and that is why we have. come to. count that there are one hundred thirty million girls that are out of school. and writes education
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thank you so this is an example of somebody who has succeeded because of education but there are so many countries in africa for example where many children fall out of the education system and we're going to focus on the youngest nation in the world south sudan have a morgan has the story from. it's not class time but bolden says he wishes he could go to school his school however is not like it used to be it's now a u.n. camp for displaced people where he's been since he fled fighting in his home town in the north of the country. when the fighting took place our schools were destroyed and my brother and i were afraid would be recruited by armed groups so we ran to the un camps for safety now i miss my old school and friends. bolding is one of more than sixty thousand children receiving education in u.n. camps around south sudan the civil war now in its fifth year has seen thousands of
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people killed and millions displaced it's also had a major impact on education with one point eight million or seventy percent of school aged children not getting any pain at admission children's agency unicef says one in every three schools have been destroyed or damaged occupied or close at least once during the war and even in those areas where there was no fighting there are still challenges to be faced getting access to education south sudan's constitution provides free education but students have to pay schools for registration and for uniforms and exam fees with the were weakening big kaname many families struggle to find the money and pull their children out of school most of those forced to leave are girls now if one of them i came home. i used to go to school but my father passed away and my mother couldn't afford to pay the registration fees for me and my siblings so no i don't attend classes i don't feel good about that the rest of the kids get to go to school and i can't go the u.n.
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says south sudan has one of the highest illiteracy rates in the world about three out of every four people and their concerns the world will ensure that create goes even higher risk for unicef is very concerned that. almost a whole generation thirty percent is just about one third of the. population are not going to school and how adverse will that impact the future of this country and for the entire almost entire generation will grow up not having gone to school. for nancy i'm building they know what it is like to sit in a classroom they hope the situation in the country changes and changes soon so they can continue with their education and be part of a brighter future people morgan al-jazeera juba. mary joy because the i mean this really encapsulates the problems that lead to a lack of education doesn't it that story i mean how do you even get children to the education stage when they've got
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a come so many obstacles when i think one of the things we have learned them in the years that we've been working here and working with through a partnership model in over fifty countries is that you really have to address the barriers that keep children out of school and in identifying those barriers it really is about understanding where the child is where the child is coming from and what he or she needs to overcome that in many cases it's multiple barriers so we've talked a little bit about south sudan which is poverty compounded by conflict often compounded by gender so there are many different barriers the children face and what i think we have to do as a community is really understand better that the traditional systems don't always work for these children because a lot miley breaking years of tradition and understanding of how a family structure for example should work the fact that the woman is the one who
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goes artin and does most of the work on the farms or whatever it is and in many of these situations and what we're seeing now with conflict is that in fact roles are changing incredibly so if we look at what's happened with the syrian refugees many of the women are with their families but without their husbands or the older boys in the family so things are really changing and very fluid so then poverty becomes even more of an issue employment becomes an issue so i think what we're looking at is a really fast changing world in which we really need to be nimble and adaptable and willing to go the extra mile to find those folks and help them and just serve nana riley when it comes to. save the children and education and the sort of challenges that you are seeing on a day to day basis talk us through them and how hard they are to overcome. and to be a compelling picture of the need in south sudan and elsewhere that situation
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unfortunately is replicated all over the world there are massive needs the first of which of course is whether education is provided so the access question but we also know unfortunately that even being in school isn't a guarantee that children will learn there's a growing concern that the quality of teaching the lack of materials means that many children will get to grade three or grade four and not be able to read at the standard which we would expect so there are big challenges we talk about the crisis of learning the access challenge on the one hand where there are millions of children out of school and who don't have the opportunity to do what they should be in which is going to school on the one hand and then the fact that they're not learning in school that the other and of course a big factor for us is that conflict and force displacement compound this challenge many children can't go to school because their schools are attacked or that have to force the been forced to flee their homes and for safe settle in another country
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which is now responsible for above for providing them with an education what do you that must be an enormous concern isn't it when you actually do get people kids into class and yet there's no education there they leave school and they're not educated they still can't read and they still can't write i mean is this a case of of just getting bottoms on to see it so that you can you can tick a box out like you said that most children that have that go to a school but i mean in the educated it's because god meant generally invest in free education but not free quality education i believe that the defense may gently poke us and a number of girls are children that oh my god. if we had a kid ok how many girls have quoted and also because. i believe if teachers are paid well you. can just sit. and other
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things like cereals they need like text stationary. but that is the issue you go to school don't you see girls and boys sit in the windows sit in on mats if they are set for example. and they're meant to be a. big piece just because it's free but it isn't that is why we have so many people for example graduates by you see that they can barely read our rights so in trying to. keep many people access to education by making the free also make it quality and also make it seem as if this. should democrats basically. also there should be incentive issue views so there will be more seats around well and also the children should. be. something they should
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enjoy not just because. innovative and creative ways in which they will be taught and not just education skills other training that would help them to want to go to scram it's make them better basically obviously that's the aim isn't and maybe but it must be really hard to motivate some of those teachers who haven't been possibly properly educated who are refugees themselves and who are possibly teaching children who are suffering from malnourishment who are starving i think there's two things one is i have been all the time i've been an educator and stand by the. involvement in the commitment of teachers even though the conditions are. not very good so i think that's one thing we need to think about when we talk about this is to really understand the teachers are doing their best under the circumstances the circumstances are often horrible i think the other piece you talked about malnutrition or perhaps we look at psycho social can
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concerns we really need to look at the whole child we need to understand that it's not just the classroom that's the problem the problem is really multifaceted and we need to bring together the pieces in a way that makes sense in that environment so in one environment it might be school feeding that's important in another it might be psycho social healing in yet another it might be working with the community on income generating activities so they can pay school fees so i think what's the challenge for us as educators and the rest of the world is understanding that one size does not fit all that's for all and if you can't have one size fits all how do you roll that out i mean you can't you've got to keep adapting it where you have to be adaptable and actually what's learning about learning is about adapting it's about getting information figuring it out and going forward and our colleague talked earlier about education
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being fun learning is fun if it's if it's good learning and i think that's where we've sort of fall and down in the full bit is to not understand that we need to really look at the variety of learners and how can we reach those learners because they all bring something to the classroom they were bring something that's powerful and we need to work with that because with that and with funding we can move forward ok everybody has touched on girls and obviously that's an important factor when it comes to education so let's take a look at how this plays out in the scenario there are twice as many an educated girls as there are boys according to unesco more than one hundred thirty million girls are out of school for reasons like safety concerns poverty or some. because they were forced to grow up too fast looking after the family for example well the one hundred million young woman living in low income households are they can't read or write attacks on girls' schools forced parents to keep the children at home and it's made it fifteen million girls
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a year are married under the age of eighteen educated girls are three times less likely to marry in their teens joseph talk us through the importance of getting girls in particular through the education system i know we touched on it briefly a little earlier on but how important is it for society as a whole to get them educated to get them making decisions and it's absolutely critical and i don't think anyone needs to be to be told that one of the great clearly people do is that we yeah well there are lots of barriers to goals which you've outlined getting into school and it is obviously essential from the most basic human right that everyone has to an education to the case that you've made for education in preventing disease and improving livelihoods and in supporting national economic growth and wellbeing and women are vital to all of that so women have to be educated the good thing is that we are making progress on this aspect of
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education and more girls are going to school the statistics which you outlined are also true in that we've still got a long way to go but we are seeing progress and that's really welcome the other thing of course is that we are building on the demand of girls themselves to go to school girls want to be in school and we meeting that demand and as we've already seen on the program today with our colleague from nigeria they're terrific advocates of themselves and we need to build on their commitment and passion to get back into school and have learning opportunities which are meaningful to them and their countries and what he nigeria obviously has the boko haram problem the girls who were kidnapped reintegrating girls who've. that sort of trauma i mean how difficult is it to reintegrate them and what sort of support to you gets from the government to help them get back into society.
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we have ten point five million out of school children and girls make up sixty percent. done very soon it's a. very very bad to nigeria and. the government's. trying their best and i think because. some of them have. brought out this issue. if there was more security. and if. it's a price because i don't know how to. school. that it's very bad and. it's only.
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so out. much more. that it's only when they make education a priority and this is i think. the problems that africa and many other countries continents face what is the ultimate aim now for any education system and particularly in these areas and how some of that we can see that is underway at the moment can possibly help. well the global goals which the international community have committed to a very clear we want to provide quality equitable opportunities for children to go to school and in fact for lifelong learning unlike the millennium development goals the news sustainable development goal for education starts before school and goes right up into adult education so it's much more ambitious than the previous goal of universal primary education that he was in a sense the agreed ambition but we're
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a long way for achieving that and i think one of the key barriers to that is insufficient financing there's not enough money being invested by nation states in their own education systems and as the report that open this program illustrated education aid is on the decline and we're having the global partnership for education replenishment conference today in dhaka and we're hoping for the very best outcome there which provides the beginning of a breakthrough in turning the financial crisis that is affecting education around and ensuring that countries have enough funding to deliver on the ambitions which we've all agreed and set ourselves i marry from a financial point of view is a no brainer to finance education really isn't it isn't in fact we've done some research that shows that it's more expensive to countries to not educate their children than to educate them it costs them in g.d.p. we know that so it is a no brainer but it is all about priorities it is all about focus i think the
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global partnership for education has done an extraordinary job of bringing together people bringing together countries and really trying to move the needle but it's very clear we need billions but if we don't invest these billions we are really going to have more problems in the future there's going to be more disparity more wars war poverty and really more problems for all of us not just the poor and i think that's the piece we need to understand talk you convince people that to cough up. this money i mean there is donor fatigue everyone talks about all the time everybody's sick and tired they say about the the pictures of people suffering which is extraordinary but how do you really get people to put the money on the table and deliver what they promise because that's particularly odd isn't it i think is a great question and i think one of the things we really have to do those of us the door in the education community in the development community is show results we have to begin to show the difference we are making and i think one of the things we
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need to do as. an international community is to really explore what has worked and what hasn't worked and with things have not worked give them up that's a very hard thing to do for big institutions that have had particular priorities over a long period of time so i think that's one area i think a second area is to begin to look at the global community more generally and i understand that none of us the president of a country the head of a corporation the head of some startup in. india nobody would be there without some basic education at least and we need to begin to tap into those people have them understand that their work is not going to continue their not going to continue to have the kind of growth they want if they don't invest in others the way somebody invested in them and i think that's
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a hard thing to pitch we have to figure out how to do it and investigate and children today what do you have tomorrow you have all sorts of great things i mean our colleagues have already talked about it a little bit but once we invest in children we end up with more innovation we end up with less poverty we end up with less disparity we end up with more creativity when we bring everybody in we really do bring in everybody we don't know how many einsteins or gandhi's or mindell as we are losing just because we're letting them fall by the wayside they aren't counted therefore they don't count. what a waste let's leave it on those words thank you very much mary joy who goes a thank you to what he been and joyce of nine o'reilly and thank you for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com ford slash a.j. inside story could also join the conversation on try to handle is at a.j.
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inside story mind is at. the big thank you from me and the rest were to offer you. my. what makes this moment this era we're living through so unique all this is really an attack on truth itself is a lot of misunderstanding a distortion isn't of what free speech is supposed to be about the context it's hugely important level wise to publish if you have a didn't choose to be offensive overall it's all about it as people do setting the
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stage for a serious debate up front at this time on al-jazeera. february on al-jazeera south korea hosts the twenty eighteen winter olympics can record be broken al-jazeera will bring you the latest from pyong china the big picture examines the present day crisis in venezuela by exploring the divisions rooted in its past senior officials will meet to discuss the biggest security challenges facing our wild will be live from the munich security conference partition borders of blood looks at the troubled legacy of the events that shaped the indian subcontinent and in a series of special reports we look at new trade and travel routes which are opening up the old february on al-jazeera.
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al-jazeera. swear every jew. on counting the car some of the biggest names in tech out with record earnings but they're also under scrutiny by regulators in what's being called a tech clash a look at business relations between the u.k. and china plus another scandal in the german auto industry counting the cost at this time. this is al-jazeera.


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