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tv   Suspicions Tensions  Al Jazeera  February 4, 2018 11:00pm-12:01am +03

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whether online what is a very nice time in yemen that peace is always possible but it never happens not because the situation is complicated but because no one cares or if you join us on sat through people that are choosing between buying medication and eating this is a dialogue i want to get in one more comment because this is someone who's an activist and just posted a story join the global conversation at this time on al jazeera new yorkers are very receptive to al-jazeera because it is such an international city they are very interested in that global perspective that al jazeera provides. whether i'm suited in london with a top story on al-jazeera tens of thousands of greeks of say a mass rally in the capital africans urging the governments not to compromise on a name route with neighboring masses macedonia greece has blocked the former
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yugoslav republic from joining nato and the european union saying its name implies a claim over a greek province or so-called macedonia just or a place has more from athens. the central message of today's protest in athens has been that there should be no use on any terms of the word macedonia in the name eventually negotiated with the neighboring country the former yugoslav macedonia those talks that have now begun in the last two weeks between athens and the former yugoslav macedonian capital sculpey have started on the basis of the notion that there will be a compromise on the greek side the compromise is that the word macedonia would be included and on the former yugoslav macedonian sides the compromise is that that would would be qualified by something like northern or slow of so that it wouldn't be pure republic of macedonia which was the original position of that country and
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has been for the last twenty five years but the compromise basis on which those talks have now begun appears to have been thrown into doubt by the fact that twice now hundreds of thousands of greeks have rallied to say no to any use of that name on any terms the worry among greek people is that the use of the the use of the word macedonia with greek permission would imply a macedonian ethnicity next door individual people would be able to call themselves macedonians and that might then imply that they are the direct descendants of the ancient macedonians whom the greeks consider a part of their own national history and therefore that would eventually they say lead even to territorial claims but even if it doesn't lead to that the greeks resent the fact that a part of their history is being as they see it stolen and they say repeatedly we will not rent out our history we will not allow it to be copied or to be forged
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this is greek history that we're talking about no other country should be able to lay claim to it they have no basis and so that position. extremely difficult for the diplomats and politicians on the two sides including the prime ministers who throw their personal backing into these talks to continue ignoring this point of view was have a proposal they suggest to the two peoples will have to be russia for in poland and if two thirds majorities cannot be found in problem and they may have to go to referendum in the two countries therefore public opinion is extremely important on this if these talks fail then the former yugoslav macedonia will not receive greek permission to enter nato or to achieve a u. membership both of which many observers believe vital for its survival and for its ultimate political orientation towards the west rather than falling prey to other
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influences the sound off between the supreme court and the president is continuing in the maldives president abdoulaye amin is refusing to comply with a court order to release political prisoners and reinstate twelve dissident lawmakers who were sacked for defecting from his party in maine has ordered the police and troops to resist any attempts to arrest him security forces have been deployed inside the national parliament since march last year. alessi people have been killed and dozens of others injured in a train crash in the usa to south carolina amtrak train collided with a freight train overnight in what is the third fatal crash in two months three different opposition factions in syria say they were responsible for the downing of a russian warplanes overhead live province on saturday russia's defense ministry says the pilot ejected from the jet but was killed in
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a ground fight near the town of sorry. and you can have seen much more news on our web site plenty of content and video just click on al-jazeera dot com those are your top stories stay with us al-jazeera next up its struggle over the nile. the novel. the world's longest river. a seven thousand kilometers
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a lifeline for almost four hundred million people. flowing north the nile runs through ten countries. the highlands in the heart of africa to the shores of the mediterranean sea. a source of sustenance but also one of tension even potentially conflict. the nile is the key to a geopolitical rivalry in the region. at its heart is egypt. with suspicions about former enemies. and tensions with an age old civilization and reveal deep seated fears about water scarcity and losing control of the river nile .
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alexandria egypt's main city on the mediterranean. here in march one thousand nine hundred three the founder of political zionism disembarked on a special mission. theodore hurt souls goal was to secure a homeland for the jews. one year earlier he had petitioned for such a homeland to be allowed in palestine then part of the ottoman empire. the request was rejected by sultan abdul hamid the second. so hurtful took a contingency plan to egypt. a country then under british occupation.
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some british officials floated the idea and tercel even initially toyed with the idea of accepting a small temporary jewish. entity zionist entity in northern sinai around l r e should the zionist said well it's a step from there to palestine so it brings us closer to the homeland. the plan involved the first phase settlement in the sinai of some twenty thousand jewish immigrants to be followed by successive numbers to total one hundred thousand. there was plenty of space in the sinai desert but the area lacked one basic element of life water. birdsell however proposed a remarkable solution to divert some of the nile waters to the desert region.
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yeah this settlement was going to need water. plan was for the water to be carried from a branch of the nile via pipelines under the su is can now as the water would then travel over one hundred fifty kilometers to the settle. the british high commissioner in egypt. rejected a proposal. egypt at that time was the main source of cotton for the british textile industry. irrigation engineers warned that diverting the nile waters would damage egypt's cotton production and therefore affect british economic interests. the idea of a jewish homeland in the sinai was never implemented. but over seventy years later plans to divert the nile waters reemerged. in november one thousand nine hundred seventy seven egyptian president anwar sadat
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arrived at tel aviv's ben gurion airport. to visit mark the start of peace negotiations between so that and the israeli prime minister menachem begun. israel was in a strong bargaining position occupying the sinai jerusalem the west bank gaza and the golan heights. so that wanted the arab land back but had fewer bargaining chips. he definitely wanted at the prince of peace but i think two things. i think to. begin a very devious policy. the possible hit by time and that was the pressure.
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in the ongoing negotiations said that aware of israel's water needs knew he held at least one strong card the river nile. in december one thousand nine hundred seventy nine the egyptian magazine october known to be a mouthpiece for sadat published a sensational report the headline on the front page read the nile to reach jerusalem. they article reported that sadat had ordered blueprints prepared for the construction of a canal to carry the nile waters to israel in exchange for a comprehensive peace agreement in the middle east. where there were these dreams about you know egyptian israeli cooperation and peace will be prevailed in this region and you know people's thought that. there are no limits or. some people start thinking in these terms you know that there should be rules for sinai
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peninsula and also to israel. and the people of. the two countries made peace but any plan to divert the nile to israel never materialized. to this day many gyptian is believe the reported offer was more a negotiating ploy than a meaningful proposition. that. this was a good trick played by said that. he gave the israelis false hope in order to secure the signing of the peace accord what did he do but he never planned to implement the nile offered by the neck with us. but the nile waters were eventually diverted. in january one thousand nine hundred ninety seven so that successor hosni mubarak officially opened
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a tunnel carrying nile waters under the suez canal. the waters flowed into the so-called peace can now extending into the sinai some egyptians suspected israel might be the ultimate destination of the canal. at the inauguration ceremony mubarak seemed to address such suspicions. parsley. at dinner. had. now how did it i am under much and i was up. today the peace canal runs eighty kilometers eastwards into sinai. that allows for the irrigation and development of farmland reclaimed from the desert. the idea of diverting the nile to the sinai first proposed by theodore heard so is now
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a reality. just one hundred fifteen kilometers from the end of the canal and across egypt's international border is the negev desert. forming over half of israel's total land area. the negev as a land thirsty for water. these railways of salt to manage their limited water sources and deny the need for the extension of the peace canal saying it would be surplus to requirement if you're talking about the elation that when the now in the. solutions and we don't see that we are going to use this water in the future we solve our own poems in the negative in the cells and has no connection with the night.
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faced with a water shortage and looking to reclaim the desert israel has needed to find innovative solutions. israel is the world leader in efficient water use in agriculture more crop per drop using. say drip irrigation other technologies that meeks and that acknowledges that are here are being utilized elsewhere in the. south america africa wherever you go you will find israeli technology basically use in agriculture. law that are now. israel's ambassador to kenya. arrives to a warm welcome from local farmers in the village of garroting on the outskirts of nairobi he's clear on his assignment. and their idea the basic idea is to assist communities of farmers to achieve much more you much more crops
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with less labor with less water and even with less fertilizers and pesticides as. these women farmers are beneficiaries of this assistance. by passing on its know how and donating equipment israel is empowering local communities in africa and winning friends. we're so impressed me them because they identify the ends who go right down to see the needs of their people and so for us in this village we are very happy with them. but others in africa believe israel's presence there particularly in upstream nile countries like kenya has more to do with politics than aid. is that more society or israel is not a charity. the end it seeks to harm egypt there was nothing new in that
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the midst. it's the nature of israeli politics and if it didn't operate in that way. then it would not be easy for. the since its establishment in one nine hundred forty eight surrounded by hostile arab neighbors israel has sought friends where it can. in africa israel built relations with newly independent known arab states. egypt grew increasingly concerned about israel's activities on the continent. they suspected the israelis of trying to politically outflank egypt by befriending countries that could influence the flow with egypt's lifeline the river nile. i am. historically the most important relationships israel built on the african
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continent well it uganda ethiopia kenya kenya. and it's no coincidence that all of them are upstream countries where the nile originates and they did build relationships with other countries but the river nile was the major factor behind the formation of israeli policy and strategy. the. president asked her of the united arab republic arrives in style i got all the summit meeting in morocco neutralised african leaders. but israel faced tough competition for friends in africa. egyptian president jamal abdel nasser was also building allies of his own in the region. his struggle for independence and non-alignment resonated with many africans. in one thousand nine hundred sixty three egypt became one of the founding member
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states of the organization of african unity. following the nine hundred sixty seven war the organization condemned israel's occupation of parts of egypt and other arab countries and demanded the withdrawal of israeli troops from all occupied arab territories. the african view of israel is a small struggling country that pose no threat began to change. israel was very weak at that point and clearly it couldn't do anything about it gyptian role in africa. shortly after the arab israeli war in october one thousand nine hundred seventy three the majority of african countries severed relations with israel.
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nasser successor anwar sadat failed to capitalize on africa's strategic shift away from israel. so they didn't want to just follow in nasser's footsteps he wanted to blaze his own trail. he chose to focus on building relations with the west and securing peace with israel he turned his back on the pan african policies nasser had pursued. almost going to. the egypt once played a commanding role in africa but in the one nine hundred seventy s. egypt neglected this role and who wouldn't this resulted in the bush drawl of egypt's presence in africa countries there started to think egypt had abandoned them. or barak followed a similar strategy to his predecessor. in one thousand nine hundred five an event
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took place that would set the seal on mubarak turning away from africa. in june of that year arriving in the ethiopian capital addis ababa to attend an african summit. mubarak's motorcade was ambushed by islamist militants here on the airport road. mubarak's bullet proof car saved his life his bodyguard shot dead the gun. following this attack and for the rest of his term in office mubarak chose to send ministers or delegates to african summits rather than attending himself but egypt's friends in the region believe this presidential absence was a strategic error allowing israel to once again gain a political foothold in africa. as a poet once said document our enemies do not break through our borders instead they
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crawled like ants through our weaknesses. by the one nine hundred ninety s. many of the upstream nile basin countries had reestablished diplomatic relations with israel. and reopened their embassies in tel aviv. am today israel is building on these relations here on the outskirts of tel aviv these trainees from africa are learning innovative agricultural techniques to take back to their countries. that are all in training is sponsored by the center for international cooperation known as masha part of israel's foreign ministry you know. what we are focusing and most of our work is
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really in africa probably about forty percent of our resources and mostly towards food security guards had water related issues. beyond training programs in israel. also takes its aid overseas. back in the kenyan village of karate. women farmers grow fresh produce in a greenhouse donated by musharraf. that. the greenhouse which enables the woman to earn a living was officially donated to them by israeli foreign minister avigdor lieberman. lieberman arrived in africa in september two thousand and nine at the head of
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a large entourage even suited five african states including three of the upstream nile basin countries kenya uganda and ethiopia. the minister came with a big economic delegation representatives of more than twenty of the biggest israeli companies we had business seminars with business meetings and we see a very very big follow up in terms of business the. opportunities for investment. lieberman was the first israeli foreign minister to go on an african tour since the one nine hundred sixty s. . the sight of lieberman making friends and doing deals in the nile upstream countries around concern in egypt. egyptians were once again worried these rallies were meddling in their backyard in a region holding the source of the nile. the
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african countries lieberman visited dismissed egyptian suspicions stating the visit was strictly business. not the dictating. government foreign minister has a paid. visit it came here not to talk about whether to reduce. what do they give to simply this is a government to government business and i think. but egyptian fears were not so easily a pieced. lieberman's visit coincided with a particularly tense point in egypt's talks with the of the nile basin countries to reach a new agreement over managing the nile waters. egyptian suspected israel was behind the renewed pressure egypt faced to make concessions. so.
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that they start the year israel has had a clear strategy since it was established so it focuses on having a presence in the upstream countries to create problems for egypt on the issue of water to encircle egypt and create internal difficulties what you are going to definitely because if egypt has a water crisis then it will have a development problem and a national security issue it will not be able to guarantee a better life for egyptians and therefore it will be preoccupied with internal problems that is israel's goal. for their part israelis reject such notions but they are plotting with african states to outmaneuver egypt. i think this is another one of those arab conspiracy theories which unfortunately there are so many of them going around sometimes in one i can't stop myself from what i read in an arab internet sites about all kind
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of conspiracies which are described as these releases people who. come up scenarios that the craziest screenwriters in hollywood could even think about. in early two thousand and eleven egyptians took to the streets in open revolt. against the government of hosni mubarak. rather useful how much lost on february eleventh egypt's vice president announced mubarak's resignation from power ending thirty years of rule. was. egyptians were exultant their complaints had been many. among them was criticism of mubarak's
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failure to engage in constructive diplomacy with the other african states along the nile. must look at it there's egypt has been absent from the city and innocent. of these ten states are supposed to be members of the same family the offspring of one mother which is that of a nine which tended to mount the i'd like brothers sharing the same life line in the uk about a boy we should have engaged with them rather than with the us europe or asia of these states should be the closest to us because they shared the same life and the same fate struck masi which was. significantly. the first foreign trip of egypt's new prime minister after the two thousand and eleven revolution was to sudan. some sheriff led
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a high profile delegation of egyptian ministers. the visit signaled a new diplomatic drive for egypt in the nile basin. but the struggle over the nile will not easily be resolved. it goes back thousands of years. egypt and another of africa's oldest civilizations. seem to be locked. into an increasingly bitter rivalry. or benefit those people. so bad to see all those.
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who witnessed documentaries that open your eyes. at this time on al-jazeera. on counting the cost some of the biggest names in tech out with record earnings but they're also under scrutiny by regulators in what's being called a tech clash a look at business relations between the u.k. and china plus another scandal in the german auto industry counting the cost at this time. hello i'm suited and i'm done with the top stories here on al-jazeera tens of thousands of people have rallied in the greek capital athens over the use of a name macedonia by the neighboring former yugoslav republic greece won't allow
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macedonia to become a member of nato or the european union without an agreement on the matter the protesters were angry at suggestions that the greek government is now ready to reach a compromise to answer up less has was at the rally. if the greek side and the former yugoslav macedonians come to an agreement do arrive at some documents that they're willing to present to their respective publics for a referendum or a problem and to revote these people are going to be the ones who get to decide whether this goes ahead neither the government in athens nor the government in scope has a two thirds majority in parliament or can come and work or doesn't appear that they can come and work therefore it is highly likely that any solution would be presented directly to people for referendum the standoff between the supreme court and the president is continuing in the maldives president abdullah i
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mean is refusing to comply with a court order to release political prisoners and reinstate twelve dissident lawmakers who were sacked for defecting from his party in maine has ordered the police and troops to resist any attempts to arrest him security forces have been deployed inside the national parliament since march last year at least two people have been killed and dozens of others injured in a train crash in the us state of south carolina the amtrak train collided with a freight train overnight in what is the third fatal crash in two months. three different opposition factions in syria have claimed responsibility for the downing of a russian warplanes overhead live province on saturday russia's defense ministry says the pilot ejected from the jet but was killed in a ground fight near the town of samarra. human rights watch says bahrain has deported eight people to war torn iraq after revoking their citizenship and making
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them stateless they were among thirty one activists and human rights lawyers who searches and ship was revoked in twenty twelve on the grounds of damaging national security. those were the top stories stay with us here at the analogy is there a struggle over the nile continues. ethiopia. the blue nile flows on its long journey toward sudan and egypt. the ethiopians call the blue nile that are by. a word carrying a sense of reverence and admiration. the name of a by its beak father is a father and that is source that provides that is very heavy but a speck that prevent.
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b.b. lives in the village of zum close to they have by all blue nile. with a family of nine to support the bench collects firewood the sole source of energy. that's it and we don't have electricity my head has stemmed from black to gray giving in this land we just burns this wood and some could have seen from like through an exam on. the edge of bench like more than eighty percent of ethiopians the very thought of a light bulb is a dream. but the fear in the day i will celebrate i don't know when i'm meant to die in that in the back of the boat for so long burning wood and if i get light was just a click i will die
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a happy person. the nile could help realize the dreams of ethiopians like actually bench. saying the fast flowing river descending from the ethiopian highlands would generate electricity reducing the country's chronic power shortage. but to date the full potential of the river remains untapped. decades of civil unrest and war have hindered ethiopia's ability to develop. instead it remains one of the world's poorest countries. melyssa know we assumed power in one thousand nine hundred ninety one.
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he champions himself as the builder of a new ethiopia. billboards around the capital addis ababa herald a brighter future. with the construction of dams and hydroelectric power stations. the projects will quite literally bring power to the people. one of the big resource we have been if you say that i. saw the government patient in the. south and it go one reason the coming by gives. beneath these hills is that time of the less hydro power station. this tunnel will divert the nile waters over turbine to generate power.
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the station will eventually produce over four hundred megawatts of electricity annually. reducing ethiopia's power deficit by thirty percent. the water exits from tunnels to continue on its way downstream. no water is taken out of the river a point the ethiopians a particularly keen to stress. what we are doing is we are today but. we are not changing anything. any operational. that we've got. but station does not affect the nile's discharge. this is the crucial factor. egyptians say they would regard any attempt to reduce the nile flow to their
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country as a hostile act. so ethiopia treads a fine line between exploiting the nile for its own development while not incurring the wrath of its downstream nial neighbors. we are here. not to reduce or not to damage it we are going to utilise what our economic development as well because a. poor country trying to come out of that poverty. by utilising it is resources now is one of our thoughts. despite ethiopian assurances egypt is concerned about any reduction in its sole source of water. nine hundred twenty nine agreement
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between egypt and britain the colonial power at the time gave egypt a veto power on any project upstream that would affect or decrease the amount of water reaching egypt and. egyptians are keen to ensure this agreement is up held. by the egypt needs to manage the reverse discharge of the agreement states there must be prior notification this must be adhered to according to international laws governing the use of rivers running through many countries upstream states can use the waters on the condition they don't harm the downstream countries welcome to. you are obliged to notify me to notify egypt so my interests are not harmed you can satisfy your interests but just don't harm mine have less of a. pretty gyptian interests what challenge. the other to us is here with me. is that. i meant.
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bases in britain from what in may two thousand and ten at a meeting of nile basin countries in the ugandan city of entebbe six upstream states including ethiopia signed a new nile agreement. the agreement enables upstream countries to implement irrigation and hydro power projects without egypt being able to exercise the veto power it was given by the nine hundred twenty nine agreement. egypt you know. be able to stop if you appeal from building down on the nile that is history and that is not going to be part of the solution if you appear in willing to use its own resources to build dams on the night the way forward is not for egypt to try and stop the unstoppable. the prospect of upstream countries building dams alarms egyptians especially if that
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country happens to be ethiopia. only fifteen percent of the nile waters reaching egypt originate in the great lakes region yet eighty five percent come from the ethiopian highlands from three main tributaries the sabbat blue nile and the barra. any dam built in ethiopia would pose a serious threat to egypt's water supply. the likelihood of such a scenario is creating tension between the two countries. the transparency and consultation was not happening between the two countries. because of because of suspicion because of. fear i think but there's
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a long fear. only be probably addictions because the water is coming from the air from ethiopia. such antagonism is exacerbated by a long history of rivalry. egypt the land of the pyramids and the ancient civilization of the pharaohs. ethiopia a land described as the birthplace of mankind. and the demand of great temperatures who ruled the country for centuries may. remain a between these two civilizations has always been centered on the nile. the rivalry dates back some three thousand years to the times of ethiopian emperor the first
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man lete had a with him pull up or a harsh emperor man aleck the first of ethiopia used to threaten egypt and we had made a need the us fulfilled the whole saying that he would divert the course of the nile to the red sea away from the mediterranean and that the only evidence we applied symbol to these threats were made and all the rulers of egypt from the time of the pharaohs used to send gifts and gold to the emperor to stop him from diverting the nile. religious differences have added to the historical tensions. in the fourth century ethiopia became a christian nation making it one of the oldest christian states in the world.
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from the seventh century egypt emerges the heart of the arab and islamic world. as the two countries adopt to different faiths power politics over the nile continued down through history. mohammed ali by the time hamad ali began to rule egypt in eighteen zero five many threats had been made by the if you open emperors to stop the water reaching egypt. the cut in the us most were just empty threats but somewhat violent. every time there was a new ruler in egypt they would threaten him and blackmail him so that he paid gold to the if you'll be an emperor lena guess should have mohammed ali considered how to eliminate this threat which was damaging to egypt's prestige and letty the his us. muhammad ali's response was to expand
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egypt's borders southwards to command the headwaters of the nile. in eight hundred twenty he conquered the territories today known as sudan for the first time egyptians and ethiopians when now face to face across a common border. in the eight hundred seventy s. muhammad ali's grandson ismail continued his grandfather's expansionist policy. seeking to increase the size of his realm over the course of the nile. how it's named the man who. could give ismail tried to conquer a few opium. so he dispatched a large army he thought it would be an easy mission but he failed that has he met in one of the egyptian army was crushed in eight hundred seventy six and had to retreat. the rivalry between egypt and ethiopia
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continued into the next century. by the one nine hundred fifty is it had taken on a more personal dimension. despite the smiles and handshakes the two countries were led by two larger than life leaders with two differing political visions. egypt's president jamal abdel nasser was a revolutionary idealogue of anti imperialism. ethiopian emperor haile selassie was a monarch and bodying imperial governments. both men saw themselves as africa's primary leader. there's been a lot written on ethiopia because it's a country with a great civilization like egypt. delhi or must and so there was always a feeling that it was equal to egypt but egypt was always more important ethiopians
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never had the same role. in one nine hundred fifty nine egypt and sudan agreed on dividing the rivers waters. ethiopia was neither invited to the negotiations nor included in the agreement. that you get there was nothing could was able to stick by the ethiopian made it through or that having one's own on site or did was going on. was very much opposed to that exclusion is the policy. in the one nine hundred seventy is political changes in each country raised tensions further. egypt's new president anwar sadat abandoned both the leftist ideas of his predecessor and relations with the soviet union instead turned to the west.
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egypt's new political leaning was indorsed by an official visit from the us president richard nixon who received a rapturous welcome in cairo in june one thousand nine hundred seventy four. ironically a few months later ethiopia would go through a political turnaround of its own. in september one thousand nine hundred seventy four emperor haile selassie was overthrown in a military coup which turned ethiopia into a communist country. and. the two countries were right back where they started in a political standoff on different sides of the cold war. once again the river nile was at the center of this tension. said there are a lot of mileage. egypt's relations with the soviet union deteriorate the soviets in coordination with responded by planning to build dams in the ethiopian highlands
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to stop or decrease the water flowing to egypt president sadat answered back saying egypt would launch a war and destroy any downs built on the ethiopian plateau that affected the amount of water reaching egypt. today the a.t.o. peons continue for the time being to tread the fine line between developing their country and deferring to egyptian concerns but this could change. but the one. in april two thousand and eleven ethiopian prime minister. announced plans for a new project on the blue nile. called the grand bologna and dam it is forecast to produce over five thousand megawatts of electricity a year. it will be the largest hydro power station in africa.
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and will solve ethiopia's chronic power shortage. ethiopia is aware of egyptian concerns. that the people in the gautam and is not the enemy off to his people so what we. see on. government and politicians. caring a part of the people and their lives. as we are to caring for them wonderful. as populations increase and economies develop. demand for the nile waters is intensifying. the nile may be
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the world's longest river. but it carries a relatively small amount of water compared to other rivers around the world. who are bottom and in the uk the nile is on your discharge totals eighty four billion cubic meters this is insufficient for any of the knob facing countries as for egypt it's simply not enough egypt's need for water is growing greater day by day. the scarcity of water in the nile basin is creating fear suspicion and tension. such sentiments are exacerbated by the uncertainties of mother nature. the nihilists formed from rainfall but its points of a region in the ethiopian highlands and the great lakes region. the gift of nature is proving increasingly erratic. right now with a claim. that with the forecast is unpredictable even this so-called rains which we
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used to have in plenty it is no not on the regular not on up would be terrible. but i'd say that with higher temperatures you obviously have the potential warmer holds more moisture you have the potential for bigger downpours so if that does prove to be the case then the flooding will be an issue but the result of a limited amount of water out there in the atmosphere so flooding in one area will inevitably lead to drought and another. averting. such catastrophe will require cool heads calm words and regional collaboration. following the revolution in egypt in early two thousand and eleven egyptian diplomacy was refocused on the region. never had it out of them behind we need to cooperate and they need to cooperate we want to continue in a mood of consensus not conflict. because all the nile basin countries are here to
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stay no one is going anywhere so few other. there is no basis for fear against each other there is no reason to fight. and there is no reason that one country one of the water sources whether and upstream or downstream. from the great lakes of east africa. and the highlands of ethiopia. through the swamps of the sued. the arid desert to the sahara. the fertile valley in sudan in egypt. flowing out into the mediterranean sea. millions living along the river nile
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dream of a better future. so on are going to come as the city looking to determine who it is a natural resource or and or some sort of you know to do it is a gift from god. and we must all use it well you say just like our forefathers were clearly going to lose and she is going to seize. it without any thought has no one living beside denial can ever stray from it if he does he will feel lost in the shoes of the. good or now when i've lived long enough i dream of a better future for my kids. a lot of what i've got is only god is sustaining us god provides everything is good god's blessing is all around us in the cabin of the. home as longer there
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is no war and we are living in peace with sleep easy to be no matter. what courtroom with my job. i don't like it very much not this big but this big. the river nile unites worlds of mountains jungle marsh and desert. but in the manmade world of nation states. asserting patriotism in politics. the river has become a source of discord. the nile basin countries face a stark choice. set aside fears and tensions and cooperate.
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or run the risk of confrontation and conflict. the nile will do. a continuing struggle over its waters can only spell ruin. for all those who live on the banks of this great river.
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well we got a welcome return to summer across much of australia still some very lively showers across northern pos anywhere from around the cape york peninsula through the top and through the kimberley but found a head still in place a bit clearer skies that the much of victoria new south wales and so adelaide temperatures getting up thirty celsius in advices i reply pressure so that's squeezing those showers out of the way townsville and pushing up across northern pos we'll still see some lively showers maybe want to see showers just creeping into the southwest as we go on through southern parts of could see a little bit of wet weather but not too much thirty one celsius empath thirty four
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celsius there for adelaide in the warm summer sunshine continue across the southeast and cool as a melbourne getting up so very pleasant twenty seven degrees celsius meanwhile we are going to stay on the coolest side there across new zealand bits and pieces of cloud of grain coming in here over the next day the twenty three celsius and that's not too bad but you go on into cheese time will struggle to get to seven degrees celsius but at least it will be lost the fine andros upon the police skies and sunshine coming through sunshine a wintry shallows meanwhile across japan over the next couple of days as reentry shabbas making that way the east. the palestine national locust was first founded in the one nine hundred thirty s. but has had to be revived in two thousand and ten all was very important for me to sing in palestine now musicians from all over the world come together to perform in
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the occupied territories soo good for nothing it's like every palestinian living in the us poor felt it was the first time they perform using their identity al-jazeera world hears music as a force for unity the diaspora orchestra at this time the nature of news as it breaks the u.s. cut the funding has cemented the feeling here that the u.s. is now part of the problem and has picked the israeli side with detailed coverage the nigerian government insists negotiations are ongoing to secure the release of the girls and hundreds of others. from around the world three decades on chileans are still thinking about abuses but this time those committed by the church. it was auriol upon which modern day venezuela was a stoppage. for over a century this lucrative resource has divided the peoples less than cursed with the
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world's largest reserves. charting the impact of industrialization and the legacies of its prominent leaders we shed light on the troubles afflicting venezuela today the big picture the battle for venezuela at this time on al-jazeera. we understand the differences and the similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter where you call home al-jazeera will bring in the news and current affairs that matter to you. al-jazeera. this is al jazeera. out there i'm citizen this is the news out line from london coming out.

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